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July 12, 1941 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1941-07-12

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Editorial
Select Your Expert
With Caution .. .

Official Publication Of The Summer Session
VOL. LL No. 10 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, JULY 12, 1941 Z-323

PRICE FIVE CENTS

End Of Stalemate
On Russian Front
Is Said To Be Near

Regents Postpone Action

On University

s

Budget

Gifts Accepted By Board;
Nora Hunt Will Retire
After 37 Years Service
The University Board of Regents,
in its regular meeting yesterday, post-
poned action on the University bud-
get until its next meeting, Friday,
July 18.
The Board approved the residence
hall operating budget, reducing the
estimated income to about $1,000,000
and increasing expenses to $780,000.
The bond issue requires $186,000.
The Regents accepted gifts to the
University of nearly $30,000. Mrs.
Margaret Cook, '91, of Chulavida,
Calif., gave $1,800 to establish a loan
fund. Mr. James B. Nelson, '93L, of
Indianapolis, gave $12,850 to be add-
ed to a fund already established.
Research Trip Financed
The Rockefeller Foundation gave
$8,900 to finance a research trip to
South America by Prof. Robert B.
Hall. Lederle Laboratories, New
York, gave $1,500 to cntinu studies in
the Department of Pediatrics.
The Upjohn Company of Kalama-
zoo donated $1,200 to establish a fel-
lowship. Dr. Mervin Green was named
to the fellowship. William R. War-
ner and Company, New York, gave
$1,000 to provide the expenses for a
research fellowship in thoracic surg-
ery, and Dr. Winfield Kelly was
named to the fellowship.
An anonymous grant of $1,000 for
a fellowship in surgery was accepted
by the Regents. The Children's Fund
of Michigan presented the University
with $1,000 to study a virus causing
acute intestinal disturbances in in-
fants.
Trust Fund Increased
Phi Kappa Phi added $500 to its
trust fund with the University.
Charles Baird gave $500 to provide
for lighting the new Cooley Memor-
ial Fountain, and $300 for a tablet
commemorating the work of the art-
ist, Carl Millicent.
H. B. Earhart of Ann Arbor gave
Van Wagoner
Cautions FDR
On Auto Work

v

Washington Says U.S. Aid
Is Active In Construction
Of War Bases In Britain

$300 for Barbour Scholarships, and
Ina B. Fenwick of Coral Beache, Fla.,
added $300 to the Florence Fenwick
Memorial Fund.
The Board of Regents accepted a
gift of $100 from the Alumni Club
of Buffalo to provide an emergency
fund for foreign students. The 1941
J-Hop Committee gave $50 to supply
reading materials for student pa-
tients in Health Service.
Miss Hunt Retires
The Board also approved the re-
quest of Miss Nora CrAne Hunt of the
School of Music faculty to retire
from the School. She has been there
since 1904.
A one year leave of absence to
serve on active duty in the Naval Re-
serve was granted to Assistant Pro-
fessor Henry Koehler }of the engin-
eering mechanics department.
Prof. Herbert Taggert was granted
a leave of absence to continue as ad-
ministrator in charge of accounting
for the Office of Production Manage-
ment. The leave of Prof. Robert B.
Hall was extended for one year.
Policy Lecture
Will Be Given
By Hartshorne
President Karl Compton
Of M.I.T., Prof. Emery
Will Speak In Series
Contemplating "The United States
in the World Today," the third week
of lectures sponsored by the Gradu-
ate Study Program in Public Policy
in a World at War will open Monday.
First speaker of the week will be
Prof. Richard Hartshorne of the Uni-
versity of Wisconsin's geography de-
partment, who will discuss "The
World's Geographical-Political Pat-
tern" at 4:15 p.m. Monday in the
Lecture Hall of the Rackham School.
At 4:15 p.m. Tuesday in the same
hall Prof. Brooks Emery of Western
Reserve 'University, Director of the
Cleveland Foreign Affairs Council,
will talk on "The Distribution and
Control of Natural Resources.'
President Karl T. Compton of the
Massachusetts Institute of Technol-
ogy will close the week with a lecture
at 4:15 p.m. Wednesday in the Rack-
ham School Lecture Hall on "Tech-
nological and Scientific Resources."
All lectures will be open to the
public without ticket.
Contralto Enid Szantho
To Give Concert Here

N:,

Lindeman Calls For Renewed
Faith. In Educational System

Americans Are Employed
By British Government;
Legal Right Js Asserted

By BILL BAKERC
Maintaining that one of the main
problems of contemporary statesmen
was how to regenerate faith in edu-
cation and how to restore confidence
in the people on behalf of education,
Eduard C. Lindeman, professor of
social philosophy at the New York
School of Social Work, yesterday told
delegates to the New Education Fel-
lowship Conference that educators
must move closer both to the techni-
cians and to the moralists.
"The technicians will determine
the methods we are to utilize in
building a better world, and the mor-
alists will tell us what ends and
values are to be sought. Education
includes both."
Decries Pessimists
Professor Lindeman decried the
number of pessimists in the world,
who, he said, are of two kinds: those
who are discouraged in general, and
those whose pessimism is specific,
and therefore not chronic.
Current pessimists, he added, are to
be classified as disappointed ego-
tists, persons who like pain and enjoy
their sorrows, powers, "those too sen-
sitive to face reality, plus a few
cowards and misanthropes."
Pessimism, he explained, is a men-
tal disease and we are all susceptible
to infection.
Action Is 'Antidote.
The chief antidote for pessimism is
action. The American people are at
the moment divided and frustrated.
The solution for this frustration is
not to talk about the nature of frus-
tration, but to engage in activity.
"It is. difficult, in these fateful
hours, not to become resentful toward
the petulant, discontented, grumpy
and sour intellectuals whose charac-
ters seem to reveal no preparation for
tragedy."
Many of our educators, he stated,
RAF Destroys
Nazi Bombers,
British Claim

*are low in enthusiasm, and therefore
in faith, because they have in the
past dissociated themselves from the
people. They spoke a language which
the people did not understand, and
then, foolishly expected the people
to trust them.
Mind Without Manliness
Many of our intellectuals, he add-
ed, have cultivated the mind without
at the same time cultivating manli-
ness.
Fellowship among scholars, he con-
tinued, is at a low ebb. There are
now teachers in New York schools
who are being subjected to a kind
of inquisition regarding their opin-
ions.
"There are, in fact, members of the
same faculty accusing their own col-
leagues of all sorts of crimes ranging
from perjury to treason."
This naturally creates a bad at-
mosphere, he concluded. In fact, it
is a kind of disease, of which pessi-
mism is born.

i
1
i
i
7
1
l
1

Governor

Says

D~ecrease

Will Hurt State Finances,
Industrial Employment
LANSING, July 11.-(P)-Governor
Van Wagoner today wrote President
Roosevelt urging avoidance of a sud-
den curtailment of automobile pro-
duction in Michigan to avoid drastic
impairment of state finances and in-
dustrial employment.
Van Wagoner said a proposed 20
per cent reduction in auton obile
production would result in the layoff
of approximately 96,100 men, while
two surveys indicate there will not
be more than35,210new defense jobs
before Nov. 1. The 20 per cent cut,
based on the first six months pro-
duction of 1941, actually will mean
about a 38 per cent reduction from
present production schedules, he said.
Such a curtailment, Van Wagoner
wrote, would severely strain Michi-
gan's revenue structure. He pointed
out the state draws $16,000,000 of
its annual income from sales tax on
automobiles, plus gasoline tax reve-
nues, and license plate sales. In
addition, he said, the reduced em-
ployment would hamper sales tax
revenues and increase welfare loads.

BERLIN, July 11.-(VP)-Masses of
wrecked and abandoned Russian war
materials have blocked the roads
ahead of the German drive eastward
from Bialystok and Minsk, the Ger-
man official news agency DNB said
today, to such an extent that it has
"in several places come to a stand-
still briefly."
The High Command itself remained'
silent on current operations against
the Stalin Line. Elsewhere there were
suggestions of new operations to
come.
The "progress according to plan"
of which the High Command so fre-
quently speaks seemed hampered by
the necessity of clearing the roads of
Soviet equipment.
DNB said the interruptions were
due to the congestion of roads filled
with "the mass of abandoned, shot-
to-pieces and burned-out tanks and
vehicles" left after the Bialystok-
Minsk battle, now said by Berlin to
have been concluded after a victory
to be placed in the same category as
44.. I--4 1- -' .n-rm-1, -- -_ *O _f

Motion picture close-ups of the
sun will be shown and described at
8 p.m. Monday in the Lecture Hall
of the Rackham Building by Prof.
Heber D. Curtis, chairman of the
astronomy department and director
of observatories.
The motion pictures to be shown
were taken through the special tower
telescope of the McMath-Hulbert
Observatory at Lake Angelus. The
telescope was especially designed for
taking action pictures of the sun's
surface. They were taken at the
University's branch observatory by
Dr. Neil C. McMath.
Chief attraction of the pictures
will be the sequence pictures of solar
prominences in constant flux. The
slow-motion movies will show large
masses of gas shooting out from the
surface of the sun at speeds ranging
in hundreds of miles per second.
The University's McMath-Hulbert
Observatory is the world's best
equipped for the observation of, the
sun. It is under the direction of Dr.
McMath, a Detroit businessman and
amateur astronomer.
Art Cinema Tickets
To Be Sold Today
Today and tomorrow are the last
chances to purchase season tickets
for the Art Cinema League's series
of four foreign motion pictures to be
shown during the summer,
Tickets are on sale for $1 at the
r, roe .n --- . _a----A [T ~~ ns

Auto Fibres Company Strike
Settled By Mediation Board

May Festival and Metropolitan Op-
era star, contralto Enid Szantho, and
George Poinar, chairman of the vio-
lin and ensemble department at
Baldwin-Wallace College, will pre-
sent a concert at 8:30 p.m. tomorrow
in the Rackham Assembly Hall.
Miss Szantho and Mr. Poinar are
both on the guest faculty of the
School of Music this summer and
will present another concert on Aug.
3. Prof. Ava Comin Case, pianist,
will be accompanist.
Before coming to this country,
Miss Szantho was a leading member
of the Vienna State Opera. She has
offered many concerts under the di-
rection of such famous conductors
as Bruno Walther, Arturo Toscanini,
Richard Strauss, Wilhelm Furtwang-
ler, and Sir Thomas Beecham.

London Reports Shooting
Down Of Nine German
Planes In Two Raids
LONDON, July 11.-WP)-Several
German dive bombers were destroyed
on the ground and nine Nazi fighters
were shot down today in two hard
daylight smashes at German railway
and shipyard facilities in Northern
France, the RAF announced tonight.
Four British fighters were ac-
knowledged missing from this con-
tinuation of the gigantic day and
night aerial offensive which the Brit-
ish started three weeks ago.
Presence of German dive bombers
on the field in France was not ex-
plained. This type of plane was used
recently in a Nazi raid on Southamp-
ton, but is not often employed in
England.
Another German plane, a lone
bomber, was shot down off Scotland
this evening.
Primary objectives of the day's
raids were the shipyards of Le Trait
on the Seine River near Rouen, and
the railway yards at Hazebrouck.
British sources hailed this continu-
ing offensive as the greatest in his-
tory, but said it was only ahe begin-
ning of the long-planned campaign
which Prime Minister Churchill prom-
ised last autumn when German planes
were regularly raiding Britain.
Indicative of its scope, the raid
last night on the German Rhineland
area around Cologne and on Ostend,
Calais and Boulogne on the Chan-
nel coast ran the total of RAF at-
tacks up to about 150 since Russia
and Germany went to war June 22.
Vichy Government
Repairs Warship
VICH.V mnccmied France,.Julv

Vichy Rejects
British Terms,
Of Armistice
Indicate War To Continue
As Long As Gen. Dentz
'Feels Like Fighting'
VICEY, Unoccupied France, July
11.-('P)--Vichy rejected British arm-
istice terms tonight and indicated
the war woud cdntinue in the Levant
as long as General Henri Dentz felt
like fighting.
The Petain Government balked at
dealing with De Gaullists as anything
but traitors, and reavowed French
guardianship of Syria and Lebanon
as a solemn responsibility not to be
yielded even under an overwhelming
force of arms.
General Dentz, high commissioner
and commander of Vichy forces in the
League-mandated lands, however,
virtually was authorized to strike his
own bargain with the British and the
De Gaullists when he deems it fin-
ally necessary to end the unequal
struggle.
"That glorious soldier will take de-
cisions made necessary by the situa-
tion on the spot," French spokesmen
said.
Military reports for yesterday after-
noon and this morning said the Bri-
tish were met everywhere "by the ob-
stinate resistance of our troops, which
at certain points successfully made
counter-attacks and sudden charges."
Australian units advancing north-
ward on Beirut were said to have been
thrown back, but later they may have
entered the Lebanese capital for it
had been declared an open city. The
now British-held airfield at Palmyr,
was attacked by Vichy airmen and,
according to the communique, 14
grounded planes were destroyed.
(Concurrently with the reports of
stiffened resistance came a delayed
dispatch from Ankara quoting Bri-
tish sources for a report that Ger-
man air transports had landed Vichy
reinforcements at Aleppo, northern
Syria, to help prolong the struggle.
Kaufman-Hart
Play Continues
Run Of Four Days To End
With Today's Offering
Concluding its four-day run,
George S. Kaufman and Moss Hart's
"George Washington Slept Here"
will be offered at 8:30 p.m. today at
the Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre by
the Michigan Repertory Players of
the speech department.
On Wednesday the Players will
present their third production of the
season. Royall Tiker's "The Con-

Wheeler Contends
Coercion Is Used
WASHINGTON, July 11. -W)-
Word that American labor and ma-
terials are helping build British war
bases in the British Isles came today
from both the White House and Lon-
don.
While Senators opposed to the Ad-
ministration foreign policy continued
to charge American bases were under
construction there, President Roose-
velt told a press conference he would
not be surprised if American workers
and steel from this country were in-
volved in British bases at many
points.
In London, meanwhile, the foreign
office said "some technicians and
laborers from the United States are
engaged in connection with certain
works that are proceeding in northern
Ireland."
British Government Employes
The London statement stressed the
point that the men were employes of
the British Government, and both
London and Mr. Roosevelt empha-
sized that the employes were exer-
cising a perfectly legal right in ac-
cepting such jobs. On the other
hand, Senator Wheeler (Dem.-Mont.)
contended that in one instance a
civilian employe of the Navy Depart-
mnent was forced to go to work in
Ireland against his will.
President Roosevelt asked Congress
for $3,323,000,000 more in defense
unds-$1,625,000,000 for the 'Navy
President Roosevelt called today
for a United States merchant ship
construction program so vast as
to equal or exceed the present rate
of losses by Great Britain and its
allies.
and the remainder of the maritime
,ommission. Funds were needed ear-
ier than had been expected, he said,
3ecause in some cases production was
ihead of schedule.
Knox Denies Charge
Pressed for more than three hours
with questions by members of the
Senate Naval Committee, Frank
Knox, Secretary of the Navy, and
Admiral Harold R. Stark, chief of
aaval operations, denied American
aaval units had engaged in convoy
luty or had been in conflict with
Jerman forces.
Mr. Roosevelt appointed Col. Wil-
liam J. Donovan, known as "Wild
Bill," Co-ordinator of Information
'earing on the defense program. His
,ask will be to "collect and assemble
information and data on national
security," a White House statement
said.
The British Embassy announced
the London Government waived all
belligerent rights in connection with
German and Italian ships seized in
American ports several weeks ago-
meaning the United States can put
them into service without their being
liable to seizure by the British.
Taft Opens Dispute
The dispute over men and bases
in Northern Ireland began yesterday
with Senator Taft (Rep.-Ohio) say-
ing he had information the United
States was building a base there for
the British. Senator Wheeler (Dem.-
Mont.) added today that cargoes of
materials already had been sent to
Northern Ireland and Scotland to
build United States naval bases.
President Roosevelt was asked
about it at his press conference and
replied he would not be surprised if
Americans were working for the Bri-
tish Government all over the world
and if American steel were being used
in bases from Canada to South Afri-
ca and many other places. Such
activities, he said, involved straight
purchases by the British Government
or operations under the Lease-Lend
Act.

Wheeler Returns Attack
Wheeler returned to the attack at
once, however. He had been advised,
he said, that one of the men who
"went to Ireland to build a base" was
-_ _.a _s ftla Wcic t s .. n or-. ma

(By The Associated Press) C
A United Automobile Workers-CIO
strike at the National Automotive
Fibres, Inc., plant, which had closed
departments in Chrysler and Briggs
units and left an estimated 40,000
men idle, was settled tonight.
Federal Conciliator James F. Dew-
ey, who announced the agreement,
said it wasnsubject to ratification by
a union membership meeting sched-
uled for Sunday. Terms of the set-
tlement were not announced.
The strike, called July 1, gradually
forced the closing of Chrysler units,
with the Briggs and Plymouth plants
affected today. The Fibres Company
manufactures upholstery for auto-
mobiles.
Dewey said if the agreement is rati-
fied the plants probably would re-
an1n nondav.

> While a panel of the Defense Medi-
ation Board at Washington arranged
to discuss the UAW-AFL strike at
three Sealed Power Corp. plants in
Muskegon, Vice-President Paul C.
Johnson of the company charged the
union had blocked shipment of pis-
ton rings needed at the Brooklyn
Navy Yard.
Johnson said the management re-
layed to the union a request by the
Navy Purchasing Department in New
York and that it was denied. Earl
Falconer, president of the UAW-AFL
local union, said there was no direct
request from the Navy to the union.
He said some rings finished before
the strike had been inspected by a
naval inspector who was allowed to
pass through the picket line.
More than 25 plants dependent on
sealed power for parts, Johnson said,
urnilr hnvP hnrns.q newithin a week

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