Official Publication Of The Summer Session
Democracy At Home
Is Necessary, Too..
VOL. LI. No. 4 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, JULY 4, 1941 Z-323
PRICE FIVE CENTS
Reception Precedes Bridge,
Two Dances At Opening
Summer School Affair
Is Scene Of Affair
By BARBARA JENSWOLD
More than 1,200 students were pres-
ent at the primary function of the
Summer Session, the faculty's re-
ception of the summer students, held
yesterday in the Assembly Hall of
the Rackham Building.
Guests were led down the receiv-
ing line by a committee of hostesses
selected by the League Council, and
were then ushered to the terrace of
the building, where punch was served
to all present.
Hopkins Leads Lie
Dr. Louis A. Hopkins, director of
the Summer Session, and Mrs. Hop-
kins led the receiving line, which
was divided into two sections, the
one standing from 8:30 to 9:30 p.m.,
and the second from 9:30 to 10:30
With Dr. Hopkins in the first group
were Dean and Mrs. Clarence S.
Yoakum, Mr. and Mrs. Shirley W.
Smith, Dean and Mrs. Edward H.
Kraus, Dean and Mrs. Ivan C. Craw-
ford, Prof. and Mrs. A. E. White,
Prof. and Mrs. Earl V. Moore, Prof.
and Mrs. Howard B. Lewis, Dean
Byrl F. Bacher, Dean Joseph A. Burs-
ley and Prof. and Mrs. Louis M. Eich.
Receiving with Dr. Hopkins from
9:30 to 10:30 p.m. were Dean and
Mrs. Peter Okkelberg, Dean and Mrs.
James B. Edmonson, Prof. and Mrs.
John Sundwall, Prof. and Mrs.
Charles L. Jamison, Prof. and Mrs.
White, Dean and Mrs. Samuel T.
Dana, Dean Bacher, Dean Bursley
Prof. and Mrs. Malcolm H. Soule,
and Professor and Mrs. Eich.
Two Dances Held
Following the reception, students
attended dances held in the Union
and the League ballrooms, as the
guests of the Summer Session, or
played rotation bridge in the League.
The League Council provided host-
esses at the dances to introduce stu-
dents who had come without part-
ners. Mary Neafie was in charge of
the bridge arrangements.
Among the girls acting as official
hostesses at the'reception were Con-
nie Lorch, Claire Cook, Betsy Ross,
Mary Neafie, Peggy Whitker, Betty
Newman, Shirley Lay; Bea Selvin,
Mary Herbert, Marge Leete, Cather-
ine Adams, Mary Newcomb, Betsy
Lawrence, Betty Johnson, Priscilla
Ehlers, Mary Margaret Meloche, Bet-
ty Newton, Olive Beebe, Frances
Crary, Dorothy Love, Helen Hagey
and Annette Palmquist.
Also introducing the students were
Margaret Enswiler, Marjorie Ken-
dall, Frahces J. O'Connor, Marie
Soucazi, Eleanor Toutant, Mary
Johnson, Betty Whithouse, Barbara
Alt, June McKee, Jane O'Brian,
Dorothy Burke, Betty Lou Robinson,
Eileen Lay and Jean Langford.
Hostesses at the League dance in-
cluded Pat Stearns, Betsy Ross, Mar-
ilyn Vogel, Peggy Whitker, Mary
Neafie, Mary Herbert, Marge Leete,
Barbara Brooks, Nancy Bonnisteel,
Betty Johnson, Priscilla Ehlers, Con-
nie Lorch, Dorothy Love, Helen Ha-
gey and Dorothy Burke.
Union hostesses were Claire Cook,
Dorothy Cummings, Rosemary Al-
drich, Kitty Simrall, Betsy Lawrence,
Penny Shaw, Betty Newton, Olive
Beebe, Frances Crary, Annette Palm-
quist, Bea Selvin, Margaret Enswiler,
Marjorie Kendall, Betty Whitehouse
and June McKee.
Orchestras which played at the
two dances were Tom Snyder at the
Union and J. Clark McClellan at the
League. Approximately 600 students
were at each of the dances.
Leads In Decathlon
BRIDGETON, N. J., July 3.-(A)-
Uyval C. Jones of the University of
Michigan jumped into the lead at
the end of the third event in the
National A.A.U. decathlon competi-
Although Jones failed to place first
in any of the events, he amassed a
total of 1,978 points to 1,896 for
John Borican, a home-town boy who
Mediation Board Averts
Labor Trouble At Plant
(By The Associated Press)
The Defense Mediation Board
worked out a formula yesterday for
averting a strike at the Western
Cartridge Company, Alton, Ill., and
secured approval of it by the com-
pany management and high AFL
At the same time the Federal Con-
ciliation Service announced an agree-
ment had been reached forestalling
a strike called for July 9 by 10,000
CIO workers in three Connecticut
planes of the American Brass Com-
pany, holder of large government
contracts. No details were disclosed
pending ratification by affected lo-
cals of the International Union of
Mining, Mill and Smelter Workers.
The Western Cartridge agreement
was reached shortly before a 5 p.m.
EST) deadline which officials had
indicated might be followed by gov-
ernment +seizure of the ammunition
plant, if a strike were still in pros-
If provided that the company enter
into negotiations tomorrow with the
AFL's chemical workers union and
that the union call off a walkout
scheduled for Sunday midnight in
the smokeless powder division of the
Other matters claiming attention
of the Mediation Board included the
continued failure of Southern coal
operators and the United Mine Work-
ers (CIO) to get together on a con-
tract, and the dispute between the
farm equipment workers organizing
committee (CIO) and the Interna-
tional Harvester Company.
John L. Lewis, mine workers chief,
FDR To Give
Fourth Of July
Chief Executive To Stay
At Home To Deliver
HYDE PARK, N. Y., July 3.-(AP)-
President Roosevelt's stay at his fam-
ily home stretched into the longest
in many months today when the
Chief Executive decided to make a
Fourth of July address to the nation
Mr. Roosevelt will broadcast over
all networks and by shortwave to
other parts of the world at 4 p.m.
EST as part of a nationwide observ-
ance of Independence Day arranged
by the Office of Civilian Defense.
When the President would return
to Washington was uncertain. While
he has had considerable business to
handle since coming here last Thurs-
day, Mr. Roosevelt nevertheless has
had ample opportunity for relaxa-
tion behind the wheel of his car or
in a swimming pool.'
He signed today the last of the bills
passed Monday by Congress just be-
fore the government's fiscal year
ended. It approximated $1,041,444,-
529 to make up deficiencies in prior
Mr. Roosevelt signed it with a pro-
test. He objected to a provision pre-
venting the extension of the civil
service system to employes of the
farm security administration and
said it was his earnest hope that
Congress "will take prompt action to
repeal this rider."
confered with chairman WilliamH.
Davis of the Mediation Board, but
the nature of their talk was not
disclosed. Miners are now on vaca-
tion and the union has declared that
the 150,000 employed in the South-
ern Appalachian region will not re-
turn to the pits July 8, when the
holiday period ends, unless the union
gets a contract. After the Lewis-
Davis conference direct negotiations
between union and operator repre-
sentatives were resumed.
Board Meets 'Tuesday
The Board ordered a hearing on
Tuesday on the International Har-
vester case. At that time, it will re-
ceive a report from a special in-
vestigator on the union's demands
for recognition and other conces-
sions. The union conducted a strike
affecting 13,250 workers in four Har-
vester plants last winter. A tem-
porary agreement reached in April
provided for an investigation of con-
ditions by a special Board agent.
Prof. Condliff e
Will Give Tall
In Study Group
Dr. Hu Shih, Count Sforza
Will Present Lectures
In Graduate Program
Three lectures next week spon-
sored by the Graduate Study Pro-
gram in Public Policy in a World
at War will consider the world from
1918 to 1938.
At 4:15 p.m. Monday Prof. John
B. Condliffe of the University of
California's department of economics
will speak in Hill Auditorium. His,
lecture will consider "The Economic
Dr. Hu Shih, Ambassador of China
to the United States, will lecture
Tuesday on "The Conflict of Ideolo-
gies." This talk will also be at 4:15
p.m. in Hill Auditorium.
Count Carlo Sforza, Carnegie visit-
ing lecturer, will speak at 4:15 p.m.
Wednesday in Hill Auditorium on
"The Diplomatic Debacle: London
and Paris Before Munich."
Prof. Charles Remer of the eco-
nomics department will introduce
Professor Condliffe on Monday. Tues-
day Prof. Robert B. Hall of the geog-
raphy department will preside over
the lecture, and on Wednesday Prof.
Everett S. Brown of the political
science department will introduce
Count Sforza. The lectures will be
open to the public.
WASHINGTON, July 3.-(IP)-The
Danish government today requested
the United States to withdraw all
American consuls in Denmark by
The Nazi-dominated government's
request, which was confirmed by the
State Department after German re-
ports had reached this country, was
in conformity with similar action al-
ready taken by Germany, Italy, oc-
cupied France, Norway, The Nether-
lands, Belgium, Luxembourg, Yugo-
slavia and Greece.
Congressmen Balk At Army Plea
To Send Draftees From Americas;
Moscow Claims Nazi Drive Halted
Soviet Says Heavy Losses
Inflicted On Germans
In Battle Near Minsk
First Gains In War
(By The Associated Press)
MOSCOW, Friday, July 4.-Red
troops fighting a vast bloody battle
on the banks of the Berezina River
east of Minsk on the path to Mos-
cow threw back a rising tide of Nazi
soldierse and inflicted heavy losses
on them, the Soviet information
bureau announced today.
The Soviet troops were reported
counter-charging with bayonets.
Thousands of German dead fell in
the attempt 'to cross the river, the
Russians said, implying the Nazi
broadside again had failed. The com-
munique did not, 1,owever, say speci-
fically the river had not been crossed,
as was claimed Thursday.
To the north in Latvia, however,
German troops forced the Dvina Riv-
er and engaged Red troops in violent
combat near Jekabpils, halfway be-
tween Dvinsk and Riga, former Lat-
vian capital, the communique ack-
Battle Near Jekabpils
The Russians said the Germans
succeeded in crossing the Dvina only
after bringing up fresh forces, and
added that Red troops again engaged
them fiercely along new lines near
Fighting still raged in southern
Poland near Tarnopol, 30 miles west
of the old Soviet frontier, and at
Bobruisk, 80 miles southeast of
Minsk, where Red troops have re-
portedly blunted the Nazi drive for
The Germans were encountering
"stubborn resistance" everywhere, the.
Soviets said, adding that the Red air
force was dealing crippling blows.
.The Nazis threw lines of tanks into
the vital battle of the Berezina.
Where Napoleon Stopped
Here, within 40 miles of Moscow,
where Napoleon's grand army bled
to death in retreat, and 300 miles
to the south, in the Ukraine, the
regular Soviet armies fought their
greatest battles of the day.
Behind these fronts of clamor and
chaos, back in the cities and villages,
volunteer "peoples' armies" sprang up
to defend the old, vast Russian home-
land as their obscure ancestors had
done against the Poles in the Middle
Ages and against Napoleon early in
the 19th century.-
Thousands of laborer and former
capitalists in Moscow, Leningrad and
elsewhere rose in arms in response
to the appeal of Premier Joseph Sta-
lin who ordered them to sear and
lay bare the limitless countryside
with fire and dynamite if the Nazis
make a general break-through.
The gravity of the Russian situa-
tion was suggested by the observation
of informed military quarters in Lon-
don that Russia could lose -the war
or lay the foundations for possible
eventual German defeat in the next
Entrance Into Russia
HELSINKI, Friday, July 4.-(AP)-
Finland announced today penetra-
tion of Soviet territory by its troops,
capture of "important enemy strong-
holds," sinking of a Russian sub,
marine in Finnish minefields and de-
struction of 48 Red aircraft up to
The first Finnish war communique
of the new conflict with Russia also
told of German and Finnish forces
crossing the eastern frontier in the
north (presumably in the onslaught
against the Russian Arctic port of
Murmansk and the Murmansk-Len-
Nazis 'Say 100,000 Reds Captured
FORMER 10 200
t".U. S. S. R.
.TH . L
k . .VLNA,/SMOLENSK,
mss? % ''w 'MINSK
LWOW , ZO
Germans claimed capture of 100,000 Russians and destruction of
"a large part" of Red forces trapped in the Bialystok-Minsk area (oval).
Meanwhile, attacks were reported launched from Finland and Germans
claimed Windau, Latvia, besides Riga, already reported taken. Germans
also reported successes against Russian tanks in the Zloczow and Dubno
areas. Russians reported their planes were checking Germans in Minsk
and Dvinsk sectors. Black arrows indicate Germans; white arrows,
United States Warns Japan
About Moves To Spread War
Senator Wheeler Declares
Gen. Marshall Cites
WASHINGTON, July 3.-P)-A
request by the army high command
for power to send draftees and na-
tional guardsmen outside the West-
ern Hemisphere stirred up a storm
of controversy in Congress today and
Senator Wheeler (Dem-Mont) de-
clared the Administration was plan-
ning to occupy Iceland.
The request was made by General.
George C. Marshall, army chief of
staff, who also urged that conscripts,
reserve officers and national guards-
men be kept in service longer than
A maximum of one year's training
was prescribed by the Selective Serv-
ice Act and the legislation included
a proviso that except for possible
service in the Philippines and other
American possessions, the duty of
the men be confined to this Hemi-
WASHINGTON, July 3.--(P)-The
United States in effect served notice
on Japan today that this country
would be vitally concerned by spread
of the European war to the Pacific
and expects the Tokyo government to
take no action detrimental to peace
in that area.
Sumner Welles, acting secretary of
state, in answer to questions as to
Japan's attitude toward the Russo-
German conflict, said at a press con-
ference that the United States gov-
ernment naturally hoped the course
to be pursued by Japan would make
for the maintenance of peace in the
Welles indicated the United States
had no official information on the
policy just approved by a Japanese
imperial conference. Tokyo an-
nounced only that a course had been
decided upon which would be kept
a secret until disclosed by action.
In addition to the official an-
nouncement, Foreign Minister Yo-
suke Matsuoka stated that "a really
grave state of emergency is develop-
ing before our eyes throughout the
world, particularly in East Asia, with
direct concern to our country."
With so little factual information
available, Welles' statement was in-
terpreted in informed quarters as a
diplomatic reminder to Japan that
the United States was vitally inter-
ested in preserving peace in the Pa-
cific and would maintain a close
watch on all developments.
Some students of Far Eastern af-
fairs believed adoption of a "secret
policy" meant that Japan, for the
present at least, would maintain neu-
trality while awaiting any develop-
ment which might redound to Japan's
There were reports from Chinese
sources, however, that Japan in pay-
ment for Axis recognition of the
Japanese-sponsored Wang Ching-
Wei government in Nanking, would
blockade Vladivostok, the Siberian
port through which American goods'
and materials for Russia would pass.
Such a move might be a prelimin-
ary to invasion of Siberia, which
would take the war within a few miles
of Alaska, just across the Bering
Marshall Cites Dangers
But making his biennial report to
he Secretary of War today, Marshall
aid recent developments, presumably
he outbreak of hostilities between
Germany and Russia, had given
'forcible indications of the sudden-
ess with which armed conflict can
pread to areas hitherto considered
ree from attack," and he added:
"When and where these forces are
o serve are questions to be deter-
mined by their commander-in-chief
and the Congress and should not be
confused with the problem of their
readiness for service.
Wants Limitations Removed
"I submit that the limitations re-
ferred to should be removed as quick-
ly as possible if we are to have a fair
opportunity to protect ourselves
against the coldly calculated, secret
and sudden action that might be di-
rected against us."
Wheeler, foe , of Administration
foreign policy, told reporters at an
informal press conference that he
was "reliably informed that we are
about to take over Iceland and send
troops and ships and planes there."
After Germany invaded Denmark,
Iceland's sister kingdom, British and
Canadian forces took over Iceland.
The Canadians have since been with-
drawn. Wheeler said his information
was that American forces, embarking
on the 23rd or 24th of July, would
proceed to the island to relieye the
American merchant ships, he said,
then could carry goods to Iceland
and transfer them to British vessels
for shipment to Britain.
U.S. Would Patrol
"Then," he continued, "American
ships and planes will patrol the routes
used by the British ships on the re-
mainder of the journey across the
The Senator, who said he would
fight any legislation to remove pres-
ent restrictions on the movements of
the armed forces, expressed the fear
that taking over Iceland "would be
like acquiring a new stepping stone
The Army and Navy had no com-
ment immediately on Wheeler's
Request Reverses Law
Senator Johnson (Rep-Cal), rank-
ing minority member of the Senate
Foreign Relations Committee, issued
"This (Marshall) statement as I
understand it does just the reverse
of what the President has repeatedly
promised would not be done.
It alters the contract that was
made by our Selective Service Law.
It makes other changes that are
equally bad, and worse than all, it,
apparently, contemplates the taking
of our boys across the water to fight
a foreign war, which, in the most
solemn manner that could be con-
ceived of, was promised them and
the people of the United States would
never be done.
U.S. Not At War
Senator Adams (Dem-Colo) sar-
8nr~r in.il y r~mrkP~ t. t 1,a+Am 'tv. e'. 'n -
'120 Gallons Of Beer'
Bearded Dexter Goes AllOut'
For Three-Day Centennial Fete
By KARL KESSLER and
(Special to The Daily)
DEXTER, July 3.-Scattered show-
ers failed to daunt this quiet, beard-
ed little town today, as 10,500 fes-
tival-bound carnivalites flocked here,
for the Dexter-Michigan Central Cen-
Ferris wheels, merry-go-rounds and
side shows were the order of the day,
as costumed Dexterites left their
plows standing in their fields and
turned off the traffic light to turn
the town's entire faciities over to
the festival occasion.
Bearded tavern-keepers prepared
for the avalanche ,of fun-seekers by
stocking up 120 gallons of beer, 60
The world's only woman black-
smith, Dexter's Martha Drew. gave
an exh bition of her prowess today
before breathless spectators, shoe-
i:ig a hori'r as part of the day's en-
The Centennial festivities Will reach
their height tomorrow, however, as
a replica of the first train to enter
Dexter will chug into the railroad
station here atop a Michigan Cen-
tral flatcar; 100 years to the minute
after the arrival of the first train.
Bearded localites will commem-
orate the occasion with speeches and
a band concert by the 90-piece Na-
poleon High School Band.
At 8:30 p.m. every day of the Cen-
Use Of 'Ersatz'
WASHINGTON, July 3. -(P)-
Robert E. McConnell, chief of the
conservation section of the Office of
Production Management, warned to-
day that Americans must resign
themselves to many "ersatz" pro-
ducts and a sharp decrease in lux-
"We, can have the necessities of
life and all-out defense," he told re-
porters, "but we cannot have the
luxuries of life and all-out defense,
During times of national emergen-
cy the physical fitness of the youth
of the nation naturally becomes , a
matter of national consciousness and
concern, Prof. Elmer D. Mitchell
stated in a talk before the School
of Education Assembly yesterday.
As a result of the high percentage
of rejections in the last World War,
38 states passed laws requiring physi-
cal education in the school curricu-
lums, but while there has been some
evasion the situation today is better
because of the higher standards. De-
fective teeth and eyes are the major
causes for physical rejections; and
mental hygiene shortcomings, not
considered in the last war examina-
tions. also rank high.
Two agencies are at present work-
Ing on physical education in defense:
4'ha Tnint 'Arv yandA NsJuvv (Committee
Local 'Where's Who'
Comes Out Tuesday
The orange-bound "Where's Who"
of the Michigan campus, the 1941
Summer Student Directory, will
make its appearance Tuesday, ac-