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August 05, 1941 - Image 1

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1941-08-05

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Weather
Continued Warm

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Editorial
Hessolution:
The Best Yet .

Official Publication Of The Summer Session
VOL. LI. No. 30 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, AUGUST 5, 1941 Z323

PRICE FIVE CENTS

New Defense Tax
Passed By Large
Majority In House

Charles Colby To Give
Public Policy Lecture
"Regional Aspects of World Re- O~

Bill Approved 369 To 30;
Joint Return Provision
Stripped From Measure
Act Called Stiffest
In Nation's History
WASHINGTON, Aug. 4.-JP)-The
stiffest tax bill in the nation's his-
tory, designed to raise about $3,206,-
200,000 to help finance the defense
program, was passed by the House
late today by an overwhelming ma-
jority after being stripped of a pro-
vision requiring married persons to
file joint income tax returns.
The measure, which now goes to
the Senate, would virtually triple the
taxes of persons in the lower and
middle income brackets and would
tap the nation's business firms for
an additional $1,332,900,000 through
surtaxes and more drastic excess pro-
fits taxes. It went through by the
heavy roll-call vote of 369 to 30.
Elimination of the joint return pro-
vision lopped about $323,000,000 from
the bill's originally estimated yield.
(By filing separate returns, married
couples sometimes pay lower taxes
because of lower rates: This is espec-
ially true in the nine "community
property" states, where a husband and
wife can add up their incomes, split
the sum in half and each report half
for income tax purposes.)
President Roosevelt had appealed
for modification of the joint return
provision to exempt earned income
from such returns. He also had
asked two other last-minute changes,
which would have lowered the in-
come tax exemptions and altered the
excess profits tax plan, but the House
was unable $o consider these under
the parliamentary procedure it had
adopted.
Members of the Ways and Means
Committee and- other legislators
warned the House that elimination of
the joint return would inevitably
mean higher individual income taxes
to compensate for the loss.
On the other hand, opponents of
the provision contended it was a
blow at women's rights, that it was
unconstitutional and unfair.
Here's What The Tax
Means To You
WASHINGTON, Aug. 4. -(AP)-
Here, in a nutshell, is what the new
tax bill, as it passed the House to-
day, would mean to you. Some
changes might be made later in the
Senate.
Generally speaking, if you filed no
income tax return last year, you need
pay no tax this year unless you've
had a raise or your tax status has
otherwise changed. If you pay any
income tax at all, a surtax of at least
five per cent will be imposed on your
whole taxable income (without any
deduction for earned income). The
surtax ranges from 5 per cent up to
75 per cent on income over $5,000,000.
This is in addition &to the regular
income tax, which remains four per
cent, and a "super-tax" amounting
to 10 per cent of your whole tax bill.
Your personal credit and allowance
for dependents is unchanged. If
your wife has a separate income, she
may continue to file a separate re-
turn.
Sixth Drama
To Be Given
By Players
The story of an old man's efforts
to marry off his three daughters
forms the plot of Harold Brighouse's
"Hobson's Choice" which will open a
four-day run at 8:30 p.m. Wednesday
at the Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.

Directed by Whitford Kane, the
comedy is the sixth production of
the Michigan Repertory Players of
the speech department this summer.
Starred in the production are
Kane,; who will play the part of old
man Hobson, and Hiram Sherman,
who starred here during the Spring
Drama Season in Shaw's "Man and
Superman." Sherman will portray
the role of William Mossup, the part
played by Kane in the first inter-
national production of the comedy

Music School
Will Present
Concert Today
The Summer Session Chamber
Orchestra under the direction of Eric
DeLamarter, the A Capella Choir
under Noble Cain and Prof. Hanns
Pick, cellist, will unite musically to
offer a concert at 8:30 p.m. today
in Hill Auditorium, sponsored by the
School of Music.
Opening the program, the Cham-
ber Orchestra will present Rameau's
"Overture to 'Dardanus'," transcribed
for orchestra by Mr. DeLamarter.
Professor Pick will then join the
group in playing "Concerto for Vio-
loncello and Orchestra" by Saint-
Saens.
Mr. Cain will lead the Choir in
11 selections including his own "God
of the Open Air" and "Ode to the
Homeland." Two more compositions,
"Way Over Jordan" and Foster's
"Oh Susannah" were arranged by the
conductor.
Also scheduled to be heard on the
program are Dudley Buck's "Hymn
to Music," Edward Moore's "Take O
Take Those Lips Away," Mr. DeLa-
marter's "June Moonrise," Clara
Davies' "Friend," William Byrd's
"Miserere Mei," Gabrieli's "Jubilate
Deo" and "God of the Open Air" by
Serge Walter.
Martha Mitchell, pianist, will offer
a recital at 8:30 p.m. tomorrow in the
Rackham Assembly Hall while Joel
Dolven, tenor, will present a concert
at 8:30 p.m. Friday in the same
place.
Edward Dale
Will Give Talk
Here Thursday
'Speech Of The Frontier'
To Be Topic Of Speech
By Oklahoma Historian
Prof. Edward Everette Dale, emi-
nent historian from the University
of Oklahoma, will be drawing from
actual experience when he speaks
on "Speech of the Frontier" under
sponsorship of the Department of
Speech at 4 p.m. Thursday in the
Rackham Lecture Hall.
Preceding his brilliant career as
historian, Professor Dale led a color-
ful existence on the frontier, his ex-
periences ranging from cow puncher
and professional hunter and trapper
to ranch-owner and deputy sheriff.
His father was a roaming frontiers-
man, who ventured out to Pike's Peak,
dug gold in California, and finally
settled in southwestern Texas when
Professor Dale was a boy of eight or
nine.
It was natural when Professor Dale
turned to school teaching that his
field of specialization should have
been history of the American West.
After completing his graduate work
at Harvard under Professor Turner,
he was made an instructor in his-
tory at the University of Oklahoma,
where he has been chairman of the
department for the last 20 years.
In addition, he has served as re-
search agent for the United States
Department of Agriculture, as mem-
ber of the Brookings Institute, spon-
sored by the Rockefeller Foundation
for investigation of condtions among
the Indians, and is a co-author of
"Problems of Indian Administration"
published by the Institute.

Price To Discuss
'Russia At War'
Prof. Hereward T. Price, graduate
of Oxford University and a member
of the University's English depart-
ment, will lecture at 4:15 p.m. Sun-
day, Aug. 10 in the Rackham Lecture
Hall on "Russia at War," under the
auspices of the Committee to Defend
America by Aiding the Allies.
Bnr min a Professor

covery" will be the topic of Prof.
Charles C. Colby of the University
of Chicago for the lecture of the
Graduate Study Program in Public
Policy in a World at War at 4:15
p.m. today in the Lecture Hall of the
R ackham School.
A graduate of Michigan State Nor-
mal College in 1908, Professor Colby
took his BS at the University of Chi-
cago in 1910 and his Ph.D. there in
1917.
He was assistant in geography at
Michigan State Normal from 1906 to
1908 and held the same position -at
Chicago in 1910. From 1910 to 1913,

CHARLES C. COLBY
Professor Colby was head of the
geography department at the State
Normal School in Winona, Minn.
Back at Chicago as a fellow in
geography from 1913 to 1914, Profes-
sor Colby went next to the George
Peabody College for Teachers as as-
sociate professor in geography from
1914 to 1916. In 1916 he returned to
Chicago as an instructor and has
been there since, becoming professor
of geography in 1925.
Special expert forthe division of
planning and statistics of the U.S.
Shipping Board from 1918 to 1919,
Professor Colby was also a member
of the division of geology and geog-
raphy of the National Research
Council from 1924 to 1927. He has
been land planning consultant for
the Tennessee Valley Authority since
1934 and a member of the land com-
mittee of the National Resources
Planning Board since 1938.
Professor Colby is the author of
"Source Book for the Economic Geog-
raphy of North America," published

in 1921, and "Changing Currents of
Geographic Thought in America"
published in 1936. In collaboration
with A. Foster he has written "Eco-
nomic Geography for Secondary
Schools" published in 1931, and "Di-
rected Studies in Economic Geogra-
phy" published in 1932. He is the
editor of "Geographical Aspects of
International Relations" published in
1937.
A fellow of the American Academy
of Arts and Science, Professor Col-
by is an honorary member of the
American Geographical Society, di-
rector of the Geographical Society
of Chicago and a member of the
Association of American Geographers
and the Illinois Academy of Science.
Senate Argues
Administration
Draft Proposal
Sen. Wheeler Says Knox
Is Anxious For Country
To Enter War At Once
WASHINGTON, Aug. 4.-(IP)-Bit-
ter charges and denials that the Ad-
ministration had placed the nation
4in danger of war were heard in the
Senate today as the chamber debated
the plan to prolong the service period
of selectees and other Army person-
nel.
Senator Wheeler (Dem.-Mont.)
read what he termed the report of a
British Army Major asserting that
Secretary of the Navy Knox was "pas-
sionately anxious for America to come
into the war at once."
Wheeler Quotes Major
Wheeler said the major, whom he
described as a man conducting pub-
licity and propaganda activity in the
United States, had referred to Presi-
dent Roosevelt as "the greatest dic-
tator of all time" and had said there
was "more real war effort" in the
United States than in Canada.
When Senator 'roks (Rep.-Ill.)
asserted "the actual progress of this
Administration toward war" had
placed the nation in peril, Senator
Lee (Dem.-Okla.) replied with a shout
that such talk was the "rankest form
of demagoguery."
Nation Still At Peace
"This nation is still at peace," he
told the Senate, "and if we are able
to escape the blight of war it will be
due to the matchless leadership of
the President of the United States."
During the debate, Senator Clark
(Dem.-Ida.) said that Major General
John F. O'Ryan of New York, recently
appointed adviser to Secretary of War
Stimson, had been a representative
of the Japanese economic federation
in the United States. O'Ryan, Clark
added, had declared himself "ready
to go to war" against Germany but
not against Japan.
Dr. Conn To Give Talk
At Rackham Tomorrow
Dr. Jerome W. Conn, Professor of
Internal Medicine at the University,
will deliver the final lecture in the
medical series at 8 p.m. tomorrow in
the Rackham Lecture Hall on "Obes-
-)
ity."
These lectures are given especially
for the layman and all technical lan-
guage is avoided.

Germans

Claim

Northern Gains

LENINGRAD MILES
STALIN LONE
SLAKE ."-
SPEIPUS r"
PSKOVU.
r-..
*ORE
- -,oscow
O "-"
wi.e *VYAZMA
-I EBSK
" M ENS
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.*0*ORELi
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F i "
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i KOROS EN
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T.R R
"*r

-

Russians Fight To Break
Twin German Offensives
Aimed At Engulfing Kiev

IL

The German High Command said that 10,400 Russians had been
captured west of Lake Peipus (1). The siege of Smolensk (2) continued.
Moscow reported hot fighting around Bel Tserkov and Korosten in
what appeared to be a German pincer drive aimed at Kiev.
Two Youthful Bandit-Kidnapers
End A Twelve-Hour Crime Wave

Ecuador

Students

Will Hold National
Celebration 'Sunday
La fiesta Nacional del 10de Augos-
to, the national holiday of Ecuador,
will be celebrated on campus by Ecu-
adorean students with a program to
be given at 8 p.m. Sunday in the ball-
room of the Union.
Presented by the students from
Ecuador in the Latin-Americani
Summer Session, the program will be
open to the public.
Talks will be given by various mem-
bers of the Ecuadorean group and
the significance of the day will be
explained. Among other things, ne;-
tve dances will be demonstrated.
Ecuador was the first South Ameri-
can country to declare its independ-
ence from the mother land.

(Special to The Daily)
MILAN, Aug. 4.-A wierd, 12-hour,-
two-man crime wave was rudely end-
ed at 1 a.m. today when two youthful
bandit-kidnappers were arrested here
by Deputy Sheriff Myrian Goodridge
of Washtenaw County.
The two gunmen are George Rose,
20, Bronx, N.Y., and Edwin Reeves,
19, Benton Harbor, who rode rough-
shod across the entire state in one
of Michigan's most fantastic crime
tales. Both are now in the Berrion
County jail in St. Joseph, held on
charges of armed robbery, auto theft
and kidnapping.
The crime fiasco started at 1:45
p.m. Sunday when the pair held up
and robbed Mr. and Mrs. Earl Dan-
nifeld at their Benton Harbor gas
station, taking $175 and kidnapping
the two in their own truck.
The Dannifelds were driven to Col-
oma, and the truck abandoned there.
text the gunmen hired Olin Bellin-
ger, 32, Coloma, to drive them to
Paw Paw for five dollars.
En route, they overtook a fruit
truck, and Rose gave Bellinger a dol-
lar to drive up alongside the truck.
The pair offered the truck drive five
dollars to take them to Detroit, and
the offer was accepted.
Th°.s was the last seen of the two
until several hours later in Plymouth,
where they abandoned a taxi appar-
ently stolen in Detroit, and kidnapped
P chard Stephenson of Plymouth in
hi7 car.
Stephenson was driven to Ypsilanti,
where the youthful brigands boughtC
Dark Horses Bow
As Tigers Capture
I -Hl Softball Title
Behind the five hit pitching of
Larry Saltis, the American League
Tigers won the Intramural Depart-
ment's "Little World Series" yester'-
day defeating the National League
Dark Horses by a score of 7 to 2.
The Dark Horses helped their op-
ponents along with five errors but
the Tigers didn't need them. The
American Leaguers belted out 13 hits
against Maurice Richards and after
the fourth inning the game was on
ice

League Of Nations Idea Praised
As Aid To Union Of Democracies

gas, and headed west. About seven
m:iles southwest of Ypsilanti they
stripped their victim of his clothes,
and forced him from the car at the"
point of a gun.
Clad in only a woman's silk slip,
which he said he kept in the car to
wipe the windshield with, Stephenson
walked to a nearby tourift camp,
where he called state police.
Meanwhile the pair returned to
Ypsilanti, stole a wool blanket from
William L. McClure's gas station at
420 W. Michigan Ave.
From there the two gunmen head-
ed for Milan, and while they were
driving through the streets of this
quiet town, Deputy Goodridge recog-
mized the license number of their car,
which he had picked up on a police
i. oadcast.1
A short chase ended the fantastic
crime orgy, which stopped when
Deputy Goodridge fired one shot over
the car of the two bandits, and they
were arrested and brought to the
Washtenaw County jail in Ann Arbor.
Last Excursion
Will Be Made
Put-In-Bay To Be Visited;
Registration Today
Registration for the final Univer-
sity excursion, Put-In-Bay, Lake
Erie, must be made by 5 p.m. today
in Room 1213 Angell Hall, it was
announced.
The trip will take place tomorrow,
busses leaving from the front of An-
gell Hall at 7:15 a.m. to take the
party to Detroit where they will
board a steamer for the island at
9 a.m.
Total expenses for the excursion
will run approximately $4, and stu-
dents are urged to bring their own
picnic lunches to eat on the boat.
Since Put-In-Bay is noted for its
geological formations, Prof.. I. D.
Scott of the University's geology de-
partment will accompany the group
to explain the evidences of glacia-
tion and the cave structures to be
observed.
On the island, the party will see
fha... nnya n lnr. n n,.nlr ..,. . a

Nazi Troops In Smolensk
Transferred Southward,
German Sources Report
Soviets Pronmised
U.S. Economic Aid
MOSCOW, Aug. 4.-(P)-The Red
armies of the south were engaged in
a supreme effort today to break twin
German offensives aimed at engulf-
ing Kiev, the capital of the rich agri-
culrtural Ukraine, while their com-
rades fought tirelessly in the older
areas of struggle about Smolensk
and below Leningrad in the Estonian
sector.
The official communique told of
frustrating five Panzer assaults on
fortifications "in the vicinity of the
town of 'K' in the northwestern sec
tor of the front" (apparently a sec-
tor before Leningrad) and a counter-
attack which swept the field of Ger-
man tanks, armored cars and artil-
lery.
As the Red Army reported it, the
defending mechanized forces waited
until the Germans were worn out and
had spent their fuel and then
launched a counter-assault with their
own tanks and armored cars. In all
about 300 vehicles took part on both
sides.
Tank Column Overwhelmed
A Russian force overwhelmed the
first of the German tank columns,
the commurique said, reducing four
German batteries and then raced on
into the German rear.
"The vast field Was strewn with
the debris of enemy tanks, armored
cars and trucks," the communique
said, listing the German losses as
more than 100 tanks and armored
cars, more than 100 trucks, 45 guns
of various- calibers, about 20 mine,-
throwers (mortars) and at least 1,000
killed.
The Soviet command's afternoon
communique, for the second success-
ive day indicating preoccupation with
the situation in the south, declared
by implication that furious resistance
was holding the Nazis in check both
in the vicinity of Korosten and Bel
Tserkov.
Kholm Mentioned
The mention of Kholm, about mid-
way between Leningrad and Smol-
ensk, was the first made in any com-
munique and indicated a new sector
had blazed into action.
The Russians. said the Red air
force, cooperating with the land
troops, inflicted blows on Nazi mo-
torized and mechanized units, in-
fantry and artillery.
Nazis Battling
Circled Red Troops
BERLIN, Tuesday, Aug. 5.-()-
German sources reported early today
that Nazi columns were fighting Rus-
sian troops south of Kiev in a battle
of annihilation "now in full swing"
and paralleling destruction of Soviet
forces near Smolensk.
They pictured the weight of the
German offensive as having shifted
from the Smolensk area, where Rus-
sian resistance was declared to have
been broken, to the Kiev sector, where
the High Command said Red, troops
were isolated from railroad supply
lines.
In the drive on Leningrad,German
pressure on Soviet forces was in-
creasing, a military spokesman said.
Portions of two Russian units were
said to have surrendered to encircling
German troops northwest of Lake
Peipus, on the Estonian frontier.
a * * .'
Soviets Promised
U.S. Economic Aid
WASHINGTON, Aug. 4.-(P)-The
United States gave Russia a formal
undertaking tonight to supply "all
economic assistance practicable" to

strengthen Soviet resistance to Nazi
Germany.
In an exchange of diplomatic notes,
connected with the renewal tof
the annual Russian-American trade
agreement, the United States in-
formed the Soviet Union that it is:
1. Extending "priority assistance"
to Soviet orders for urgently needed
materials "upon the principles applic-
able to the orders of countries strug-

By HARRY M. KELSEY
The best prospect for a union of
democracies lies in some adaptation
of the idea of the League of Nations,
Prof. W. Menzies Whitelaw opined
yesterday in his lecture for the Grad-
uate Study Program in Public Pol-
icy in a World at War.
"I do not believe that the League,
considered as machinery, has failed,"
Professor Whitelaw declared. "Those
who operated the machine certainly
did. The League did good but quite
unspectacular work in many differ-
ent fields; and the League could have
succeeded, had the right people been
members of it and had those that
were taken longer views and stronger
attitudes."
Prospects of such a union would
be immeasurably strengthened, the
lecturer noted, "should there arise a
strong man in whom the world had
rnfiran a wn wouldia mno

" tablish peaceful and honest dealing
among the nations.
Professor Whitelaw considered
prospects for a union of democracies
under three possible conditions: if
Germany should win the war, if there
should be a stalemate and if Eng-
land should win.
With a German victory any union
of democracies except those who were
not participants in the war would be
impossible, he pointed out, and this
might leave the Western Hemisphere
still free to unite in a Pan-American
union.
In the event of a stalemate, whiph
implies a long, drawn-out war, the
growing tendency toward 'a feeling
of oneness among democracies would
have reached its height, the idea of
union would have the added stimu-
lus of fear of the rejuvenation of an
unbeaten enemy, and the democratic
nations would have formed the habit

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