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July 02, 1940 - Image 7

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Michigan Daily, 1940-07-02

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,

TUESDAY, JULY 2, 1940

THE MICHIGAN D A TT.V

PAGE SEVEN

THE MICHL ti ibtTLY

JMXJV )JAU T fJlll

q

I

Dr. M. E.Dilley
To Talk Today
To Educators
Role Of Pi Lambda Theta
In Creating Citizenship
Will Be Topic Of Lecture
"Pi Lambda Theta and Citizen-
ship" will be the topic of, the first
public lecture sponsored by Pi Lamb-
da Theta, honorary education sor-
ority by Dr. M. Evelyn Dilley of the
School of Education at 7:30 p m.
tomorrow in the University Elemen-
tary School Library.
Dr. Dilley will treat the sha-re of
the organization in placing the prob-
lem of increased emphasis on citi-
zenship before educators. - For the
past year she has been chairman of
the latin department of the Univer-
sity High School and last summer
she was a member of the Stanford
Language Arts Investigation. Cur-
riculum revision in Shaker Heights
High School of Cleveland and her
work in the Progressive Education
here accorded her national recogni-
tion.
Elizabeth Crozer, president, invites
the public and all members of other
national chapters to participate in
the program offered by the group.
Officers elected at a recent meet-
ing were Miss Crozer, president; Jud-
ith Jimenez, vice-president; Mrs.
Sarah Olmstead, secretary; Mary
Louise Hart, treasurer; Cynthia
Ruggles, record keeper; and Lillian
Kasmark, publicity chairman.
Hungary Acts
To eet Move
By Rumanians
(Continued from Page 1)
technical reasons." Tomorrow Buda-
pest's buses will be off the streets,
apparently because they are needed
for troop transport.
In its report from Transylvania
(half Hungarian in population, ac-
cording to Budapest) the semi-offi-
cial Hungarian news agency spoke
of urgently needed protection for
Magyars. Thousands of Hungarian-
born Rumanian soldiers in Transyl-
vania are refusing to fight for Ru-
mania, the dispatches added, and
the number of deserters was growing
hourly.
Theygovernment has reiterated of-
ten that a Rumanian collapse would
call for immediate entry of the un-
garian army into Transylvania to
protect the Magyar minority of nearly
2,000,000.
It was no secret here that the
Russian army's overstepping of the
line of demarcation fixed in the Mos-
cow ultimatum to Rumania is caus-
ing considerable worry for Hungar-
ian officials as well as their German
and Italian friends.
In official circles it has long been
emphasized that Hungary would be
forced to seize the Carpathian Moun-
tain barrier in Transylvania for "self
protection" should the Red Army per-
sist in advancing towards the Danube
Basin. Support of the Rome-Berlin
,xis was claimed in this plan.
Transylvania, rich agricultural
province, was part of Austria-Hun-
gary before the World War.
The official Hungarian news agen-
cy said the Russians already have
gone beyond the agreed limits.
Rumania Receives
German War Planes

(Continued from Page 1)
tack, it said the Hungarian raid
started at 10:55 p.m. Sunday and
lasted until 1 a.m. Monday.
A number of frontier outposts were
attacked with rifles, machine guns
and even artillery, the report said,
and there were a number of casual-
ties on both sides.
IDuring the same hours the Bul-
garians were said to have attacked
three Rumanian posts on the Do-
bruja frontier, where a number of
casualties resulted.
The German bombing planes
reached Brasov a few hours after
the Rumanian Cabinet had thrown
out the old British guarantees of
Rumanian territorial integrity and
decided that Rumania henceforth
must follow "the new orientations
of Europe." Some diplomatic quar-
ters interpreted this as strengthen-
ing the possibility that King Carol
now has a good chance of getting
German guarantees against further
Soviet encroachments.
TYPEWRITERS
New L. C. Smith
and Corona, Royal,
Remington, Under-
wood, Noiseless,
portables.
Used typewriters of all makes
bought. sold. rented.

Map Tells The Tale Of Week's

Eu ropean Developments

Ehrmann Gives War Background

______________'

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BRUSSELS
CHEROUR LUXEM U
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- 9
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OURGE4 :CERNE
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ANGOULEMEJ I
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BAYONNE #MONT AlNN
DEG
Ths Associated Press map indicates developments m~ the itrowean War for one week. During the week
hostilties ceased on the French frontiers and anothe r theatre of action was opened in Rumania.
Dr. DumsLMalone Grru of.dnrie
ToTlkIGauaeStd Sre

In Opening American Policy Talk

(Continued from Page 1)
pose we find so devastating in Ger-
many today."
Between 1871 and 1914 Germany
had grown tremendously in political
power, but had not, as the World War
<hwed, reached the point where it
could dominate Europe, because the
other powers were ready and able to
defeat such desires for hegemony.
Dealt Harshly
In the Versailles Treaty Germany
was dealt with harshly in economic
terms, but territorially she was treat-
ed rather gently. The real criticism
of the Treaty of Versailles, he said,
was not that it was too severe, but
rather that it could not enlist the;
support of a majority of great powers.
The United States would have no
part of it; Japan only wanted to ful-
fill her interest in the Far East;
Russia did not enter the negotiations;
Italy was not satisfied colonially;
England regarded it as a temporary,
device which could be revised in order
to bring Germany back into the fam-,
ily of nations at some future date..
France was the one nation in Eur-
ope that believed in the Versailles
Treaty. Professor Ehrmann pointed
out that the French believed their
national existence depended on the1
continuance in force of the Treaty.
Thus France was the only European
nation ready to support its decrees.
Meanwhile, the many small states
which had grown out of the War did
not have the power independently to
sustain themselves, and they looked
toward single great powers or groups
of powers to aid them. France, as
a part of her scheme of national de-
fense, protected the small states to
the east of Germany, between Ger-
many and Russia.
Britain had felt during the years
Ann Arbor
Here Is Today's News
In Summary
The tax on both real and personal
property for the firemen's and police-
men's retirement and pension fund
will yield $11,760.03 this year. Part
of this figure is attributed to the
increase in the total assessed valua-
tion in Ann Arbor.
* * *
Motorcyclist August Fisher, 22,
of route 1, Ann Arbor, was seri-
ously injured Sunday morning
when he skidded on Jenkins
Road, going 65 miles an hour. He
plunged into a ditch and crashed
into a tree. He was taken to St.
Joseph's Mercy Hospital
* * *
Mrs. Marjorie Swisher and Mrs.
Julia Staebler represented the local
chapter of the Women of the Moose
in its international convention - at
Mooseheart last week.
Lyman Morrison, official of the
local aerie of the Fraternal Order
of Eagles was elected inside guard
at the 35th annual satte convention
of the order in Alpena.

after the war, Professor Ehrmann ! sia. However, the French could not
said, that here the Weimar Republic bring themselves to ally with the

i.

had a government with which she
could deal and could perhaps bring
about a peaceful Europe; therefore,
she refused to aid France in her
^ampaign of repression. He declared
his disbelief in the theory that had
the Weimar Republic continued inF
power the course of hisory would
have been substantially altered, for
he said that the same national inter-
ests would have forced Germans into
occupation of Austria and extension
of their influence in Central Europe.
Allowed To Learn
In 1935 Hitler was allowed to re-
arm Germany. Italy was lost to the
French when she decided upon col-
onial expansion at the expense of
safety on the Brenner Pass. When
Germany occupied the Rhineland in
1936, Britain felt she was only re-
suming her old rights. But this re-
occupation meant the end of French
influence with the small nations of
the east, for this influence was de-
pendent upon her ability to invade
Germany from the west, should Ger-
many move in the east.
There was a possibility, Professor
EhrmAnn pointed out, of hope for
the small European states if France
could conclude an alliance with Rus-

Bolshevists. When Germany moved
against Austria in 1938, Italy had
been won over by promises of colon-
ial gain from cooperation with the
Reich. With the addition of Austria,
Germany was in a position to en-
circle the Czechoslovakian flank. This
left Poland as France's one bastion
in eastern Europe. England became
alarmed when Hitler started moving
against Poland. The only way that
England and France could enforce
their guarantees to Poland was
through the cooperation of Russia.
The Russians, however, had terri-
torial desires in the Baltic which
England refused to foster, and thus
Russia would not aid the Allies. This
left Germany in a position to wage
war against the Allies without fear
of attack from the rear.
GRians OVerpower Boston
NFW YORK, July 1.-P>t-Cliff
Melton, one of the National League
stars not chosen for the All -Star
game, rang up his seventh victory
of the season today as the New York
Giants overpowered the Boston Bees
7 to 1. Melton, who has lost only
one game, kept six hits scattered and
struck out nine.

PrMofesbiicates Errors
In American Literature Study

(Continued from Page 1)
ated with Allen Johnson in editing
the Dictionary of American Biogra-
phy. When Johnson died in 1931
with seven volumes of the Dictionary
completed, Dr. Malone became editorj
in chief, holding that position until
1936 when the 20 volume monumen-
tal work was finished He has been
Director of the Harvard University
Press since 1936.
In addition to the Dictionary of
American Biography Dr. Malone is
editor of the correspondence between
Thomas Jefferson and Pierre S. Du-
Pont de Nemours, published in 1930.
He wrote in 1926 "The Public Life
of Thomas Cooper" and is a mem-
ber of the boards of editors of the
American Historical Review and the
American Scholar.
Dr. Malone is a member of the
American Historical Association, the
American Antiquarian Society, the
National Historical Publications Com-
mittee, the American Academy of
Arts and Sciences, the Massachusetts
Historical Society and Phi Beta Kap-
pa. During the World War he was
a private and later second lieuten-
ant in the U.S. Marine Corps.
Professor Sydnor was educated at
Hampden-Sydney College and Johns
Hopkins, taking a Ph.D. degree at the
latter institution. He served as assist-
ant in history at Johns Hopkins from
1922 to 1923, becoming professor of
history and political science at
Hampden-Sydney in 1923. In 1925
he went to the University of Mississ-
ippi as head of the history depart-
ment where he stayed until 1936,
when he went in his present capacity
to Duke.
Recognized as the outstanding au-
thority today on southern history,
Professor Sydnor has written much
on the subject He published in 1930,
with Claude Begnett, a volume en-
titled "Mississippi History" and in
1933 wrote one of the best known
works on slavery, "Slavery in Mississ-
ippi." In 1938 he published "A Gentle-
man of the Old Natchez Region: Ben-
jamin L. C. Wailes." He is a mem-
ber of the board of editors of the

Journal of Southern History and is
a contributor to the Dictionary of
American Biography and historical
periodicals.
Professor Sydnor is a member of
the American Historical Association,
the Mississippi Valley Historical As-
sociation, president of the Southern
Historical Association, member :of
the North Carolina Literary and His-
torical Association, the American As-
sociation of University Professors an
Phi Beta Kappa.
Dr. Malone will speak again to-

morrow in conjunction with the Pro-
gram's five week series of lectures
and round table discussions. Also on
tomorrow's program will be Prof. Ed-
ward E. Dale of the University of
Oklahoma's history department.
Lecturing on "Tides in Sectional
Achievement," Dr. Malone will speak
at 4:15 p.m. Professor Dale will talk
on "The Conflict and Fusion of Cul-
tural Groups in the Interior Plains"
at 8:15 p.m Both lectures will be
held in the Rackham School Audi-
torium.

(Continued from Page 1)
tional classifications and merely eru-1
dlite prestige values if the study of
American literary history is to aid
us in achieving and maintaining a
real culture at a period when the
European world seems to be dissolv-
ing like the fragments of a dream."
At first glance American literature
seems to offer a simple exercise in
intellectual history, but this appear-
ance is wholly specious, Professor
Jones claimed. It involves no devel-
opment in language, it is continuous,
its general frame of reference is the
history of English literature, its doc-
uments are easily available and, what
is nore, Professor Jones said, the
first two centuries are confined to
colonial and provincial literature,
while only for a century and a half
have we had a national letters.
It is there, however, that the error
lies, he pointed outThereasoning
that to be a colonial is to be paro-
chial and to be parochial is to be
simple, and therefore American lit-
erature of the colonial period is with-
out real pertinence to the cultural

history of a vast industrial nation,
he deemed erroneous.
Though colonial life may have been
,simple, colonial literature was not
therefore simple, Professor Jones
tlaimed. The colonial settler had to
begin all over again, he stated, but
the colonial writer did not; the set-
tled ways of an English style did not
have to be abandoned on the fron-
tier. Far from being simplified, he
brought out, colonial literature pre-
sents the inquirer with a complex
problem of points of reference.
Professor Jones referred to the
problem of American letters as. a
whole as one of confusion, having no
agreement or principle of intellectual
order and many attempts at analysis
with conflicting premises, naive
methodology, cloudy aims and more
bias than scholarship.
New - Inexpensive
FLORESCENT
DESK LAMPS
for demonstration call
Charles Forbes . . . Phone 35 06-

N.Y.A. Aids Michigan Students
By Providing Part-Time Work

LANSING, June 19.-More than
24,675 of Michigan's high school and
college graduates and those leaving
school for the summer were enabled
to continue their education through
part-time work provided by the Na-
tional Youth Administration.
In Washtenaw County 174 youths
were employed on a part-time basis
in 11 schools during the past school
year for which a maximum of $6
per month was paid in wages by the
NYA for work assigned by school offi-
cials School authorities in 803
schools who supervised the selection
and assignment of 17,698 needy high
school students during the past school
year found all sorts of useful jobs
to be done which, if possible, Were
correlated with the type of study in
which the youth was specializing in
order to give practical work experi-
ence in this field. As an example,
youth taking commercial courses as-
sisted in the school office doing typ-
ing, mimeographing and general
clerical work; some did landscaping
and repair work. Other youth assist-
ed in chemistry laboratories or in
the school libraries. In no case were
regular maintenance personnel dis-
placed.
In 43 Michigan colleges, 6,980 needy
students did similar types of work
with perhaps more specialization be-
cause of the advanced character of

the instruction and facilities.
Evidence of the earnestness with
which these NYA youth are pursuing
their education are reports from prac-
tically every college in the state that
NYA students show superior scholar-
ship records to the average prevail-
ing in the institution.
There are 50 per cent more ap-
plications for NYA part-time :work
than can be assigned to the program
because of the limited funds avail-
able.

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