THE MICHIGAN DAILY
SUNDAY, JUNE 30, 1940
E MICHIGAN DAILY
2i t EIITOR !etJodkN
Edited.and managed by students of the Unverity of
Michigan under the authority of the Board In Control of
Student Publications. F
Published every morning except Monday during the
University year and Bummer Session.
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use fdr republication of all news dispatches credited to
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Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1939-40
Managing Editor ................ Carl Petersen
City Editor...............Norman A. Schorr
Associate Editors. .... .Harry M. Kelsey, Karl
Kessler, David I. Zeitlin, Suzanne Potter,
Albert P. Blaustein, Chester Bradley
Business Manager ............Jane E. Mowers
Assistant Manager..........Irving Guttman
NIGHT EDITOR: A. P. BLAUSTEIN
Of Freedom ...
F ORMER PRESIDENT HOOVER, in
a speech Tuesday; night at the
Philadelphia convention, made this statement:
"It is nonsense that we cannot defend free-
dom here even if the old world fails. Our an-
cestors, with sparse population and resources
for the first 50 years of this republic, sustained
liberty here when most of the world was ruled
by despots. We can do it again if we have to."
Of course we will try to defend freedom here,
whatever happens elsewhere. On this there is
no argument. But if Mr. Hoover means that
the foreign situation confronting us now resem-
bles in any respect that which confronted us
in our first 50 years, he is mistaken.
In the first place,the "despots" of those days,
the kings and emperors of Europe, were left-
wing liberals, compared to dictators like Hitler
and Mussolini. And trade in Europe's kingdoms
remained free. It was not regimented under
In the second place, a very large element in
our successful maintenance of our early freedom
was due to the existence of a balance of power
in Europe. In Asia, there was none, and Russia,
by way of the Pacific, was steadily encroching
on the west coast of this continent It withdrew
only when considerations of the balance in Eu-
rope obliged it to. From Europe, no one power
could attack us with its full strength, because
of its rivalries with other powers. In our war
of independence, we had on our side not only
France, but also Spain and Holland. When we
fought Britain in 1812, Britain was also fighting
France. Their inability to agree kept Britain
and France from forming a joint policy for in-
tervention against us here at the time of the
Civil War. And we were able to enunciate and
maintain the Monroe Doctrine because we had
ascertained, in advance, that it would have the
support of the British Navy.
Today, the balance of power in Asia is almost
gone. Only Russia still acts as a check on Japan.
And Russia is in such danger in Europe that it
cannot be very active in the Far East. In Eu-
rope, Hitler is master of the continent. Only the
British Navy, and ours, stand between him and
us. If Britain falls, Hitler will rule all Europe,
and will soon be encroaching across the North
Atlantic. Moreover, he has the heavy arms and
planes, the trained army and the German enius
for organization, tat may well enable him to
continue to hold all Europe, where previous cn-
querors were at last overthrown by popular up-
If Britain falls, and Germany and Japan
should decide to unite to infiltrate or invade
any part of the Western Hemisphere, they
would have nothing serious either in Asia o)
Europe to deter them. They could bring their
whole strength against us. That, for us, is an
entirely new situation. In no respect does it
resemble the position a century ago. It is not
only new, but also extremely perilous. We are
surprised that Mr. Hoover should have neglected
to note or to explain these vital differences.
- Chicago Daily News
British Ndvy's Future
What would become of the British Navy if
the homeland of Great Britain were conquered
by an invader? Lord Lothian offered one an-
swer in an unusually blunt speech at Yale
recently. It was not the answer of those Amer-
icans who have assumed that the British flet
would escape to Canada, thus holding the Bri-
tish Empire together and solving our own de-
fense problem of keeping Germany from the
New World. Such assumptions, Lord Lothian
suggested, were as false as the French faith in
Gram Is Answered
By Student Senate Head
To the Editor:
In a letter to the editor published in the
Daily yesterday (Saturday) Bill Gram the writ-
er of the letter, made the following statement:
"Using Hugo Reichard, one of the dismissed
students, as an example, the A.S.U. pointed to
his 'activities' on campus and to his high schol-
arship as evidence that his expulsion was un-
I quote further:
"Just what were Reichard's activities on cam-
pus? He was Vice-President of the A.S.U., Vice-
President of the Student Senate and a chair-
man of the Spring Parley. I need go no further
than pointing out that the Student Senate is
controlled by the A.S.U., that the Spring Parley
was controlled by the Student Senate,......."
I cannot let that statement go unchallenged.-.
The Student Senate is controlled by no organ-
ization or by the members of any organization,
unless that control is in the hands of the 20
members who, if asked, would declare them-
selves conservative as opposed to the A.S.U.
brand of liberalism. Only 5 of the 30 Senators
are members of the A.S.U. It is probably true
that the span of social and political philosophy
represented in the Senate runs from radical
to reactionary, but Gram's infantile assertion
that the A.S.U. controls the Senate is barely
worth denying. Witness the personal of the
Dan Huyett, chairman of the Spring Parley.
Huyett has long been in opposition to the
MINORITY radical element in the Senate, and
is chairman of the Parley committee.
John Callouette and Al Hendrick, co-chair-
men of the Student Affairs and Service com-
mittee---the committee which investigates Uni-
versity and campus affairs and conditions-two
Senators who have also often expressed their
disapproval of A.S.U. activities.
Richard Steudel, chairman of the Rights
committee, and a declared conservative.
Roger Kelly, chairman of the Student Gov-
ernment committee, and a Senator obviously
not in agreement with A.S.U. principles or
Fred Tyler, chairman of the Functions com-
mittee, and a constant factor of opposition to
Arnold White, Secretary of the Senate, a
Robert S. Reed, President of the Senate, and
a Senator who has always carried and expressed
a disbelief in A.S.U. principles and practices,
and who has received the label of liberal be-
cause he has been willing at all times to listen
to what the radical, liberal, and conservative
has to say.
Gram has got his signals mixed. He has made
a charge that is obviously ridiculous. Had his
investigation been even a surface one he would
not have made such a rash and immature as-
sumption. I extend an invitation to him to at-
tend a Senate meeting in the Fall, and to make
his "control' statement to the Senators at that
time. In all fairness he should be fore-warned
that he will meet with violent opposition from
every Senator in addition to those who are or
have been affiliated with the American Stu-
-Robert S. Reed, President
Gram Is Answered
To the Editor:
Yesterday's letter supporting the Administra-
tion's dismissal of students for progressive ac-
tivity and attacking the American Student
Union misrepresented both the ASU and the
issues involved in the case.
The ASU is founded on the principle that
"democracy is the ideal form of government
for a civilized people." We do not believe that
"freedom of the press" and "freedom of speech"
are misleading slogans in the application of
democracy. The ASU has long been active in
the support of peace, civil rights, and labor.
If the University has forbidden readmission to
members of the ASU because of participation
in these activities, and not for legitimate rea-
sons, there can be no doubt that this is a viola-
tion of the democratic principles to which Pres-
ident Ruthven urges adherence.
This is the only question requiring discussion;
the right of students to express their beliefs
and to attempt to win their fellow-students to
them cannot be in question. The rights of out-
of-state students in this regard can be no dif-
ferent from those of Michigan residents-the
Michigan legislature does not exact forfeitur
of civil liberties as the price of its generous
contribution to the education of out-of-state
students. Nor is the accusation of "subversive"
or "fifth column" activity to the point here. To
advocate that we remain at peace and preserve
our democracy can scarcely be construed as
action contrary to democracy or inimical to the
safety of the United States.
Immediately following President Ruthven's
commencement statement, at least ten students,
eight of them members of the ASU, received
curt letters barring their readmission. We do
not contend that all of these dismissals were for
political reasons. It is clear that students whose
scholastic record is poor or who have been gilty
of violating well-defined disciplinary regulations
may be said to have been treated in a "routine"
manner. But where these accusations cannot
be justly made and the student has participated
in ASU activities, as is clearly so in a large
proportion of the cases, there can be no doubt
that the'dismissal is arbitrary and extraordinary.
The University cannot atone for its violation
of democracy by taking back certain of the
students provided they "repent." Only an un-
conditional reinstatement and a guarantee of
free student activity can suffice to reinstate
the University as a democratic institution.
-American Student Union,
Public Hanging Passes
The public hanging, once the approved means
for exacting the death penalty, is disappearing.
Missouri substituted the lethal chamber for the
hangman's noose last year. Several months ago,
Mississippi abandoned hangings in favor of a
portable electric chair for use in counties whe
the death sentence has been imposed. Now the
Louisiana Legislature has taken the same action.
This change represents the effect of new and
sound opinion on deterrents to crime. There
was a time when those who dealt with crim-
inals thought that public hangings impressed
people with the fact that the guilty must pay
for their misdeeds. Now we know that there
was little to this idea, that public hangings
were in the nature of inhuman carnivals,
which attracted the morbidly curious to jail
ydrds. The passing of the public hanging is
- St. Louis Post-Dispatch
tural Groups in the Interior Plains. Ed-
ward E. Dale, University of Oklahoma.
(Rackham Lecture Hall.)
8:30 P.M. "The Star Wagon," by Maxwel
Anderson. (Lydia Mendelssohn The-
7:15 P.M. Concert on the Charles Baird
8:00 P.M. Bridge Lessons. (Michigan
8:30 P.M. "The Star Wagon," by Maxwell
Anderson. (Lydia Mendelssohn The-
4:15 P.M. Cultural Trends in Relation to
Regional Differences. Stanley D. Dodge,
University of Michigan. (Rackham
8:15 P.M. Round-Table Discussion. Region-
alism and Nationalism. Chairman, Ver-
ner W. Crane, University of Michigan.
Professors Dwight L. Dumond, Charles
M. Davis, George F. Whicher, Stanley
D. Dodge, Dumas Malone, and Richard
C. Fuller. (Rackham Lecture Hall.)
8:30 P.M. "The Star Wagon," by Maxwell
Anderson. (Lydia Mendelssohn The-
9:00 P.M. Social Evening. (Michigan League
Ballroom.) Come with or without a
8:00 A.M. Excursion No. 4-The Cranbrook
Schools. Inspection of the five schools
of the Cranbrook Foundation, Bloom-
All notices for the Daily Official
Bulletin are to be sent to the Office
of the Summer Session before 3:30j
P.M. of the day preceding its pub-
lication except on Saturday when
the notices should be submitted be-
fore 11:30 A.M.
Lutheran Students: Pastor Henry
0. Yoder will conduct early worship
service at 8:30 a.m. and regular wor-
ship service at 10:30 a.m. this Sun-
day in Trinity Lutheran Church on
E. Williams St. at S. Fifth Ave. Pas-
tor E. C. Stellhorn will conduct regu-
lar worship services at 10:30 a.m.
this Sunday in Zion Lutheran Church
on the corner of E. Washington St.
and S. Fifth Ave.
There will be a meeting of the
Lutheran Student Association for
Lutheran students and their friends
at 6:00 Sunday evening in Zion Luth-
eran Parish Hall, 309 E. Washington
St. A twenty-five cent lunch will
be served, and Prof. Paul Kauper of
the Law School will speak on "Chris-
tianity and Totalitarianism."
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-
day Saints: Sunday School and dis-
cussion group, 9:30 a.m., Michigan
Wesley Foundation: Student class
in the Wesley Foundation Assembly
Room Sunday morning at 8:30 o'clock
on the theme "The Bible and Litera-
ture." Leader, Mildred Sweet.
Wesleyan Guild meetingeat 5:30
p.m. in the Social Hall of the First
Methodist Church. Supper will be
followed by music and Prof. W. Carl
Rufus will speak on "The Interna-
tional Aspects of New World Order."
Students of other lands will lead dis-
cussion groups following the talk.
First Methodist Church: Morning
Worship at 10:40 o'clock. The Rec.
Thomas Pryor, pastor of the First
Methodist Church of Royal Oak,
Mich. will preach on "A Candle in
First Church of Christ, Scientist,
409 S. Division St. Sunday services
at 10:30. Subject, "Christian Sci-
ence." Sunday School at 11:45.
First Bapist Church, 512 E. Huron,
h __ s ,__ _ _ _ ___ __ ,_
C. H. Loucks, Minister. 10:30. Unit-
ed Service of Worship and Study.
Sermon topic, "Jesus the Judge."
Kindergarten and Primary De-
partments of the Church School will
meet during the Service. Other De-
partments of the Church will meet
for study at 11:30 for a forty min-
University Class will be led by the
pastor and will consider, "Prophets
from the Prophets."
6:15. Roger Williams Guild (Bap-
tist Student Group) will meet in the
Guild House, 503 E. Huron. Prof.
Harlan C. Koch of the Department
of Education will lead a discussion on
"Religion in the Mental Hygiene of
Sunday, June 30, 1940. 10:45 a.m.
"The Critics of God" will be the sub-
ject of the sermon by Dr. W. P. Lem-
5:30 p.m. Sunday evening Vespers
led by the minister, Dr. W. P. Lem-
on on "What the Other Half Be-
lieve." This Sunday evening his sub-
ject will be "Does the Protestant
Have a Protest?" A cost supper at
5:30, meeting at 6:30 o'clock.
First Congregational Church. Min-
ister, Rev. Leonard A. Parr. Public
worship at 10:45 a.m. Dr. Parr will
preach on "God's Poems." John H.
Secrist will sing "How Lovely Is the
Hand of God" and the choir will sing
Tschaikowsky's "The Lord's Prayer."
St. Andrew's Episcopal Church.
Sunday: 8:00 a.m. Holy Communion;
11:00 a.m. Morning Prayer and Ser-
mon by the Rev. Henry Lewis; 5:00
p.m. Student Picnic at Y.M.CIA. Camp
Birkett on Big Silver Lake. Mr.
Kenneth Morgan, Director of the Stu-
dent Religious Association, will be the
discussion leader. Cars. will leave
Harris Mall (Corner State and Hur-
on) at 5 o'clock.
For Sunday: There will be a mus-
ical at 8 p.m. in the First Methodist
Church. Following is the program:
Frieda A. Op't Holt - organist
(Zion Evangelical Lutheran Church)
Bonnie Ruth Van Deursen - Soprano
Mary Eleanor Porter - accompanist
Prelude in F Minor.............Bach
Chorale and Fugue "Von Himmel
Intercession) Suite for Organ. Op.
25 .................. Bingham
Miss Op't Holt
Come Now, and Let Us Reason To-
Mrs. Van Deursen
Andante Cantabile .......... James
(from First Organ Sonata)
Thou Art the Rock .........Mulet
Miss Op't Holt
Graduate Outing Club will hold its
first meeting of the summer session
on Sunday, June 30, at 2:30 p.m. in
the rear of the Rackham Building.
An outdoor program is planned, in-
cluding swimming, hiking, softball,
(Continued on 4age 3)
SHOWS TODAY AT 1 -3-5-7-9 P.M.
CAJ 1~ e
DEATH VAL.EY'S.ROARING DRAMA!
with Leo CARRILLO - Marorie RAMBEAU -Ann BAXTER Duejlas FOWLEY
There's Something FUNNY Going On Here.
Se cond Week
7:15 P.M. Concert on the Charles . Baird
8:15 P.M. The Art Cinema League. The
American Documentary Film. (Lecture
Hall, Rackham Building.)
4:15 P.M. Lecture. Howard M. Ehrmann.
University of Michigan. American Pol-
icy in the World Crisis. (Rackham Lec-
7:45 P.M. Square and Country Dancing.
Benjamin B. Lovett, Edison Institute,
Dearborn. (Michigan League Ballroom.)
8:15 P.M. American Literature,. as an In-
strument for Cultural Analysis. Howard
M. Jones, Harvard University. (Rack-
ham Lecture Hall.)
4:15 P.M. Lecture. Dumas Malone, Director
of the Harvard University Press. (Rack-
ham Lecture Hall.)
7:30 P.M. Beginners' Class in Social Danc-
ing. (Michigan League Ballroom.)
8:00 P.M. Duplicate Bridge. (Michigan
League.) Anyone wishing to play is
invited. Come with or without partners.
8:15 P.M. The Old South as a Laboratory
for Cultural Analysis. Charles S. Syd-
nor, Duke University. (Rackham Lec-
12:45 P.M. Excursion No. 3-The Ford
Plant. Inspection of the various Ford
industries at River Rouge. Round trip
by bus. Reservations in Summer Ses-
Our New Air Conditioning Plant Now Ready