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July 28, 1940 - Image 3

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1940-07-28

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SUNDAY, JULY 28, 1940



As The
War Goes. ..

So Goes
The World



n Eng land

HITLER'S verbal prelude to the
Battle of Britain was followed
at week's end by the stiffest dose of
horror from the air England has ex-
perienced since the war began.
Hundreds of Messerschmitts and
Heinkel bombers blackened the sky
over the English Channel, strafing
and bombing British coastal ship-
ping, and inflicting internal damage
from Scotland to Wales.
This heightened aerial attack fol-
lowed Foreign Secretary Lord Hali-
fax's emphatic official answer to
Germany's "last chance" peace offer.
The Foreign Secretary's broadcast
reply was strong in its rejection of
the German "ultimatum."
"The people of the British Com-
monwealth, along with all those who
love -truth and justice and freedom
will pever accept this new world of
Hilr', hdelr.
Silr Kingsley Wod, Chancellor of
the Exchequer, told the British peo-
ple last week that they must pay a
42% per cent standard income tax
plus a sale tax, which will cost them
one-third of the wholesale value of
such "luxuries" as furniture and lip-
Meanwhile it was announced that
Britain will extend her blockade to
ASpain and Portugal next week, there-
by bringing all Continental Europe
within the scope of her naval con-
trol. (This action would mean the
delineation by the United States of a
ncobtzunde e rm o
that the decision to extend the block-
ade had been reached after consul-
tation With United States.
In France

WAR ItaBombs 'Rock'J
thtnks of Germany.d By ednes-r
ating British and French oil fields,) -
barges and cars to increase the sup-
ply and facilitate transportation, in-
*cidentally strengthening her appease-
ment bid for friendship with Eur-
Fo reign Minister Joachim von Rib-
bentrop spent two days conferring
with bigwigs from Rumania, Bul-
servers expect he will change these
nations into economic "gaue" of the
In The Bali
WHILE the rest of Europe squab-
- bled, Soviet Russia quietly capped __~
its campaign of penetration into the _
Baltic with virtual complete absorp- -
tion of Latvia; Lithuania and Estonia.
Newly-elected parliaments in the " AP
Baltic Republics had voted last week OEW.
following military occupation by the
Russian armyi and ani intensive pro-
paganda campaign, to seek union with Gibraltar, Britain's classic symbol
the Soviet. of durable strength last week suf-
* (In Washington Sumner Welles, fered two heavy bombardments by
acting Secretary of State in the ab- Italian planes. Anti-aircraft shell
sence of Cordell Hull, condemned the fragments fell in La Linea (1); at
Russian action by inference, speak- least 20 bombs struck the town of
ing out against "the devious process- Gibraltar (2), the seaside resort of
es" by which the three countries were Caleta (3) and docks (4). Other
deprived of their freedom by "one bombs hit in the area around Eur-
of their powerful neighbors." opa Point (5).

Knudsen Tells
Of rog ress
arming came at week's end from
Walliam S. Kudsen, member of te
in charge of production.
Mr. Knudsen declared in a "prog-
ress report" on his eight weeks on
the Commission that. "with the con-
tinued cooperation of industry and
the interested government agencies,
we can be confident of a production
machine capable of attaining the
definite goal specifically stated in
the request now before Congress for
funds to equip completely a modern
army of 2,000,000 men."
In his report, Mr. Knudsen stated
that the August schedule called for
895 complete combat and large trans-
port commercial planes for delivery
during that month.
Of that number, 390 will be de-
livered -to the Army and Navy, 236
to the British Government, and 84
to other foreign governments, with
174 large commercial transports for
domestic use.
Mr. Knudsen declared that very
definite progress was being made in
acquiring machine tools; that no
problem existed in small arms and
ammunition, and that studies are
being made in methods of expand-
ing shipbuilding facilities.

Pan-American Conference Attempts
T o Evolve Hemisphere Defense Plan

. egnstaesin heWestern Hemi-
sphere met this week in Havana,
ostensibly to cement a united de-
fense against a seemingly inevitable
Nazi thrust.
Biggest problem confronting the
delegates was action on the proposed
' joint trusteeship" over all Ameri-
can dependencies of nations acon-
quered by Germany. At the outset
French and German diplomats gave
private assurances that no attempt
would be made to change the politi-
cal sovereignty of Martinique or oth-
er French possessions in the Western
Hemisphere. But these assurances
raised the question whether the pos-
sessions of the German-controlled
French Government did not neces-
sarily represent a transfer of sover-
eignty within the meaning of the
Monroe Doctrine.
Secretary of State Hull, in an
opening day address offered Latin
America United States leadership
and dollars to fight the totalitarian
menace, and proposed adoption of
the "joint trusteeship." He served
notice that the United States would
not countenance any effort to "mod-
ify the existing status" of European
possessions in the Western world,
whether by cession, by transfer or
by any impairment whatsoever in
the control heretofore exercised."

Pro Poesg Cartel Plan

sessions be temporary and that they
be returned to their original sover-
ein asd soon as posible, or granted
(3) That the parent mandate com-
missions to be set up make recom-
mendations for any military and
naval protection deemed necessary
to protect the territories from an
outside menace.
Immediately, Leopoldo Melo, chief~
of the Argentine delegation, put his
country on record as opposed to the
Pan-American trusteeship. Edouardo
Suarez, of Mexico, raised some ob-
jections and the Conrference became
deadlocked over the issue.
Late reports Saturday declared
however, that Argentina was ready
to cooperate with other American
Republics in "some sort of plan" to
protect the. Western Hem~isphere
Additional clouds were cast over
the meeting when Germany's eco-
nomic minister, Walther Funk, de-
clared in an address before foreign
correspondents that in the future
German trade with South America
"will be carried on either on a basis
of free agreements with the Sover-
eign South American State or not
at all," thereby manifestly express-
ing the resentment felt in leading
German circles aga-inst plans for the
Pan-American cartel.


Corel Hull
The proposed plan provided: (1)
That the Americas act as trustees
of the European possessions in this
(2) That mandates over these pos-

Four Nations Eye The World's Richest Colonial Plum


S FRANCE MOVED along the road
to totalitarianism last week,
Marshal Petain's government decreed
the punishment of those "traitors"
who had led the fight against Ger-
man aggression.
Declaring that "on the day of their
trial our dead will be present among
the accusers," Minister of ~Interior
Adrien Marquet, speaking in Pc-
tamn's name, made the announcement
shortly after former Premier Edou-
ard Daladier and 16 other former
Governmtent officials, had been con-
fined to Marseilles by Governmental
Th statement described the men
to be punished as "those who plunged
our country into war at a time when
it was not prepared to fight." When
the German army attacked, Marquet
said, "a spent political, economic and
social organization collapsed over our
heads. In the name of justice those
responsible for so much political in-
eptness and military ignorance will
be punished."
ALF HITLER must rest easier1
this weekend as he reflects that
~t last Otto Strasser is in his hands.
Strasser, arch-foe of Naziism, with
Herschel Grynszpan, young German-
Polish Jew who assassinated Ernst
Vom Rath, a German diplomat, in
the latter's Paris office, Nov. 7, 1938,
and precipitatedl the November, 1938
anti-Semitic riots in Germany, were
reported from Paris to have fallen
into German hands.
Authorities refused to comment,
but Louis P. Lochner, Associated
Press correspondent in Berlin, said
the news came to himn directly from
an informant who had been in Paris
at the time the Germans took over.
Strasser, with his brother, Gregor,
had been among the early supporters
of Hitler. They were of the left-
wing'element from which the NSDAP
sprung but which was gradually
weeded out as the party grew in
power. Otto Strasser left Hitler in
1930, but Gregor remained with him,
to be eliminated in the June 30,
1934 purge. Since that time Otto
Strasser has carriedl on his anti-Hit-
ler activities in every country of
Again last week the Royal Air
Force carried out successful bombing
expeditions against the northeastern
industrial section of Germany, fight-
ing against numerical odds to drop
their loads of death on factories,
navai and airplane bases-.
In TheBalan
THE WAR between Germany and
England ended this week as far
as the Balkan countries were con-
cerned. They unanimously awarded
the decision to Herr Hitler and rushed

road to China ***ONGKONG'r'~
. . ... . . . .
HANOI North of her4
. ~ patrols coulc
~AP - blockade of ti
~B'U'M A ~HAINAverging on Iai
* V
- ,
Siam 4767 nautiCal
SPRATLY I.* 4 (UteSae)
* ~~ BORNEO~
-+ ~MALAY *Bits
PENINSULA - -' Brtih
- - -
7~ - - - - I
-- -O Ja-va- ---S--------g-IS-
p sS
(Chiefly Rie

e, U. S. cruiser
d establish a
rade lanes con-
pa n.
les to / HonluhII
(a panes M$ anQd ateQ)

outes --o - --A-tack

* * *
dies are the world's prize colon-
ial plum. Four nations are mightily
concerned with the fate of those trop-
ical islands.
Two-Great Britain and Holland
-are "have" nations, who between

possible the canned food indus-
try. The scheduled-f or-independ-
ence Philippine Islands also have a
claim on U.S. protection until 1946.
Since the early 1500's, when Port-
ugal showed the way, the Malay
Archipelago-largest group of islands

imports, and herself takes some $25,-
000,000 worth of island exports.
It's a fat trade balance in Japan's
favor, and she vitally needs the oil,
tin and foodstuffs so easily obtain-
When Holland was invaded, Japan
immediately announced she would

Philippines. It is less than 2,500 miles
from all the Indies, easy steaming
distance for an armada. But it also
has advance fortified bases at Hamn-
an, Yap, Palau and the Spratly is-
lands, all within a day's run of vital
Indies objectives.
(2) Britain has a modern base at

adequate Oriental bases. Manila is
only a minor fleet station. Major
U.S. base in the Pacific is Hawaii, too
far away for mass action in the In-
dies. (Holland and Britain doubt-
less would be tickled to grant the
U.S. navy use of their bases, but U.S.
public opinion probably would not

routes to Europe necessarily would
run the gauntlet of the Birtish fleet
off Europe. U.S. cruisers-not the
main fleet, but heavy cruisers de-
signed expressly for such purposes-
could harry her trade lanes.
- Japan has the immediate advan-
tage. The map indicates that the

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