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July 21, 1940 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1940-07-21

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Editorial
Parallel Action'
In Japan .

Official Publication Of The Summer Session
L L. No. 24 Z-323 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, JULY 21, 1940

PRICE FIVE CENTS

___.....

FDR Approves
'GreatestFleet
Appropriation
For 4 Billions
Contracts Will Be Given
For 200 More Ships ;
Ninety NowBeing Built
'Two-Ocean' Navy
Due In Six Years
WASHINGTON, July 20.-(f)-
Prompt action to begin construction
of the greatest fleet in world history
was promised by the Navy Depart-
ment today after President Roose-
velt signed a bill authorizing a 70
percent, $4,000,000,000 increase in
naval strength.
Within the last 40 days, officials
pointed out, construction has been
started on 92 vessels previously au-
thorized, thus clearing the way for
immediate negotiations on contracts
for the first of the 200 combat ves-
sels to be added to the fleet under
the new act.
Upon cmpletion of those 200 ves-
sels, scheduled for 1946 or 1947, the
United States will have a "two-
ocean" navy of 701 fighting ships
of 3,547,700 tons.
That record-shattering armada
would outweigh today's combined
fleets of Great Britain and Japan,
the two other principal sea powers.
Funds to begin construction of
the 200 new vessels were not pro-
vided in the bill signed today, but a
$178,000,000 appropriation is in-
cluded in a $936,176,540 bill on which
a House committee is scheduled to
commence hearings Monday.
Hearings will begin Monday also
on President Roosevelt's request of
July 10 for $4,848,11,957 in appro-
priations and contract authorizations
for the army and navy to assure
"total defense" for the United States.
The Senate Military Committee
had hopend to have a compulsory
training bill ready to report with
the reconvening of Congress after
the Democratic convention, but
Chairman Sheppard (Dem.-Tex.)
said it would be delayed.
The committee is engaged in re-
drafting the Burke-Wadsworth Bill
calling for registration and selective
training of all men between 18 and
65 years of age. The revised bill will
incorporate changes proposed by the
army and navy. Sheppard said it
would be ready shortly.
Before the naval expansion pro-
gram can be pushed to top speed,
navy officials said, additional ship
construction facilities will have to
be provided at both navy and pri-
vate yards.
It is anticipated that essential
elements of the program will be the
negotiation of contract without wait-
ing for competitive bids, as recently
authorized by Congress and the
duplication of ships already built or
building in order to save time in
planning and procurement.
Culture Series
Opens Fourth
Week Of Talks
Person Discusses Problem
Of Technology's Rise

In EconomicSociety
Opening the fourth week of lec-
tures in the Graduate Study Pro-
gram in American Culture and In- -
stitutions, Dr. Harlow S. Person, New
York economist, will speak at 8:15
p.m. tomorrow in the Rackham
School Auditorium on "Technologi-
cal Progress in Economic Society."
Graduating from the University
here in 1899 with a Ph.B. dgree, Dr.
Person returned to take his M.A.
degree in 1901 and Ph.D. degree in
1902. Between 1902 and 1922, he
taught at Dartmouth's Amos Tuck
School of Administration and Fi-
nance.
From 1919 to 1923, Dr. Person was
managing director of the Taylor -So-
ciety in New York. In 1934 he was
a member of the Mississippi Valley
Committee, and. from 1934 to 1935
was .acting director of the water
planning commission and acting di-
rector of the water resources section
of the National Resources Board and

In Cabinet

Yosuke Mtsuoka (above) chief
Japanese delegate at League of Na-
tions at the time of Japan's with-
drawal, is foreign minister in the
new Japanese cabinet. The cabi-
net is expected to make Japan more
totalitarian.
Education Aids
To Be Shown
in Series Here
Visual-Sensory Methods
Will Be Demonstrated
During Week's Program
In response to the demand of
Summer Session students for demon-
stration and application of visual
aids, Visual-Sensory Education Week
will be held here beginning tomor-
row, according to Dr. F. Dean Mc-
Clusky, head of Scarborough School
and director of the program.
Exhibitions of projection and
camera equipment will be on +dis-
play in the recreation and dark
rooms of the University High School
all week while daily demonstrations
and lectures will be given at 11 a.m.
in the Architecture and Elementary
School Auditoriums.
Dr. McClusky will open the series
tomorrow in the Architecture Audi-
torium with the showing of slides
for classroom use and a discussion
of their, utility.
Tuesday Mr. J. E. Coffey will dem-
onstrate film slides and Dr. McClusky
will appraise the value of a sound
film shown by Owen Anderson of
Bay City. Using a group of elemen-
tary children, Miss Rice of Battle
Creek will illustrate how nature study
may be taught through the use of
film on Thursday in the Elementary
School.
The concluding session of the
series will consider unusual uses of
visual aids and films in interpreting
the school to the community.
Excursion To Visit
Greenfield Village
Greenfield Village in Dearborn
will be the destination of the ninth
Summer Session excursion, to be held
from 1 p.m. to 5:45 p.m. Wednesday.
The trip will be an exact duplicate
of last Wednesday's and is scheduled
for the benefit of those who were
unable to go then. Reservations
should be made at the Summer Ses-
sion office, Room 1213 Angell .Hall,
by 5 p.m. Tuesday.
Yesterday students and faculty
members participating in the eighth
excursion of the summer visited the
State Prison of Southern Michigan
at Jackson, observed prison life and
heard talks by prison officials.

Second Vesper
Today Offers
Choral Music
Christiansen Will Direct
Chorus; Morgan Reads
Scripture And Prayer
Service To Be Held
In Hill Auditorium
A mixed chorus under the direc-
tion of Prof. Olaf Christ!ansen of
Oberlin College will present choral
music representative of the past 400
years at the second Vesper Service
of the Summer Session at 8 p.m. to-
day in Hill Auditorium.
Accompanied by Prof. Arthur Pois-
ter also of the Oberlin faculty, at the
organ, the group will sing a variety
of spirituals, carols, oratorio chor-
uses, and a Russian liturgy.
Kenneth Morgan, director of the
Student Religious Association, will
give the scripture and prayer.
The program arranged by the Uni-
versity Musical Society and the Com-
mittee on Religious Education, in-
cludes :
Prelude-Chorale in B Minor.. .Frank
Hymn-St. Anne .............. Croft
Rejoice And Sing ............. Bach
Agnus Del.... .........Morley
O Mata Lux de Lumine....... Tallis
Deep River ................ Burleigh
Cherubim Song.......Tschaikowsky
Organ Interlude.......J. S. Bach
Christ lag in Todesbanden
Ich ruf zu Dir, Herr Jesu Christ
The Lord Is A Mighty God....
.......Mendelssohn
There Shall Be a Star. .Mendelssohn
Three Psalms..........Lockwood
Hymn-Dominus Regit Me.... Dykes
Postlude................. oister
Concert Today
Wlle 1Gven
By Clinic Band
Erik Leidzen Will Conduct
136 High School Music
Students At 4:15 P.M.
Erik Leidzen, noted Swedish-
American composer, will be guest
conductor at the second concert of
the High School Band Clinic at 4:15
p.m. today in Hill Auditorium.

Hitler

Launches

War Of Words

In Effort To Oust British Leaders
As England Girds To Hal Invason
~~ ~ ~ *a-

Mightiest Army Is Ready
Under General Brooke
For ComingOnslaught
twelve Nazi Planes
Downed By English
(By The Associated Press)
LONDON, July 21 (Sunday).--
Far-ranging Germah air bombers
carried on their almost constant at-
tacks against England and Wales
early today. Some raiders dumped
clusters of bombs on two English
sectors before they were chased,
away.
In Northwest England, one person
was killed and a number were in-
jured by eight . bombs reported
dropped by a single plane which
flew low over a town. One bomb was
said to have hit a school.
In Southwest England, several en-
emy planes dropped about a dozen
bombs, damaging shops and cottages.
The Nazi raiders penetrated as
far westward as Wales before British
fighter planes drove them back. No
bombs were reported dropped in
Wales, however.
A brief communique said "the
largest number killed in any locality
on any - occasion was 32." Newspa-
per records show total casualties
during the World War as the result
of- air raids to be 857 dead, 2,058
injured.
Swarming across Britain's coasts
in day-long attacks again today,
Nazi raiders kept British anti-air-
craft batteries and fighting planes
constantly busy resisting one of the

As Hitler Gave England 'Last Chance'

This picture, sent .by radio from Berlin to New York, shows Adolf
Hitler (center) as he addressed the Reichstag and the world, warning
Great Britain to withdraw from the conflict or see destruction of heri
world empire and terror for millions. Field Marshal Hermann Wil-
helm Goering is standing above and behind Hitler.
Summer Parley De ba tes
'thnis War1" We Live In'

Renews Threats Of Total
Destruction In Radio
Appeal ToEnglishmen
Berlin Continues
War Preparations
(By The Associated Press)
BERLIN, July 20-Germany un-
leashed a thunder of words today in
an attempt to sway the English peo-
ple, over the head of Winston Chur-
chill, and get them to end the war.
The alternative, Nazi Germany
says, is destruction.
Radio transmitters dinned Adolf
Hitler's "blast appeal to reason" in-
to English ears until, as authorized
sources put it, every Englishman
knows exactly what is in store for
him unless he gets rid of "the pluto-
cratic ruling clique" which wants to
keep on fighting.
Repeatedly the English were told
that Hitler has no desire to harm
either England or her empire. It
was suggested that only by getting
out from under Churchill's control
can England escape the German on-
slaught.
No Slowing Up
There was, moreover, not the slight-
est hint either in Hitler's speech or
in the words of radio or press that
Germany is slowing up one iota in -
her preparation for this attack. It is
assumed that the whole military and
naval machine is ready to go at any
time at the Fuehrer's word.
No further direct proposal to Eng-
land may be expected from Hitler,
the authoritative Dienst Ais Deutsch-
land said.
"The initiative must now come
from England," said this commen-
tary. "Hitler has not set a time lim-
it for the answer from England, but
from that fact it cannot be con-
cluded that England is able to claim
an unlimited period to answer the
peace offer."
The British press view that Hitler's
Reichstag speech of yesterday was
"not worth answering" was rejected
in Berlin as not the true voice of the
British people.
Radio Broadcasting
With the German radio broadcast-
ing English translations of the Hitler
speech over and over again, the High
Command made it plain there is a
much grimmer side to this "realiza-
tion" campaign directed at England.
Today's communique detailed wide-
spread air raids on shipping, harbors,
power plants, warehouses and mill-
tary positions from South England
to Scotland; claimed the sinking of
a 5,000-ton merchant ship and dam-
age to three other merchantmen and
a destroyer, and reported the sink-
ing of 24,700 tons of merchant ship-
ping by a single U-boat.
It took cognizance of new British
air raids which "injured several civ-
ilians" in Northern and Western Ger-
many last night.
When the next step will come and
of what it will consist, they reiterat-
ed, is solely up to Hitler.
r

severest air offensives of
British defense planes
down twelve of the aerial
the Air Ministry said, and
man fighter planes were
damaged" attempting toi
a British night bombing
Germany.

the war.
brought
invaders,
two Ger-
"severely
drive off
raid on

Composed of 136 high school mu-
sicians from all parts 'of the coun-
try, the fifth annual Band Clinic
is under the direction of Prof. Wil-
liam D. Revelli of the School of Mu--
sic. -
The program of nine numbers will
open with a composition by America's
march king, John Phillips Sousa,
El Capitan, followed by Komnm Sus-
ser Tod by Johann Sebastian Bach.
Aladdin's Lamp by Charles O'Neill
is the third presentation.
Mr. Leidzen will conduct the band
in his own composition, Nordic
March, a selection constructed en-
tirely from Scandinavian themes and
depicting the rugged grandeur and1
atmosphere of the North.
Floyd St. Clair's latest composi-
tion, L'Aiglon, an overture, will re.-
ceive its first Ann Arbor performance
Sunday, followed by Richard Wag-
ner's stirring Invocation of Alberich
from Das Reingold.

Again, it disclosed, British fliers
made their own night forays over
German territory Friday, striking at
air and naval bases along the coasts
of Germany and Nazi-held Holland
-potential jumping-off points for
invasion of England--and attacking
Nazi aircraft factories, oil plants and
railroad communications.
"What A Life'
To Open Here
On Wednesday
Goldsmith Comedy To Be.
Fifth Play In Annual
RepertoryGroup Series
"What a Life," the Clifford Gold-
smith comedy which introduced
Henry Aldrich and his high school
adventures. will open Wednesday
night in Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre
as the fifth production of the Mich-
igan Repertory Players this summer.
Succeeding performances will be
given at 8:30 Thursday, Friday and
Saturday nights.
Mrs. Claribel Baird, a guest direc-
tor of the Players this summer, will
direct the play. Mrs. Baird is head
of the speech faculty at Oklahoma
College for Women and has been
assistant to Prof. Valentine B. Windt,
managing director of the Players,
for several seasons. She had the role
of Kniertje in last summer's produc-
tion of "The Good Hope" and of
Mrs. Rutledge in the recent produc-
tion of "The Star Wagon."
Two of the Players' youngest per-
formers will head the cast. William.
Kinzer, who had parts this summer
in. "The Critic" and "Beyond the
Horizon," will portray Henry Aldrich.
Adeline Gittlen, who appeared in
"The Critic" and "The Star Wagon,"
will depict Barbara Pearson, the
high school sweetheart of Henry.
Among those in supporting roles
will be James Barton as Mr. Nel-
son; Lazelle Laughlin as Miss Shea;
June Madison, as Miss Eggleston;

Fascism And Mobilization
Are Coming Together
Rev. Wilson Asserts
By MORTON JAMPEL
Several hundred summer students7
and faculty men refused yesterday to
let the heat keep them from airing
their views on "This War We Live
In" at the second annual Summer
Parley.
Main attraction seemed to be the
National Elections panel where the
debate ranged from a definition of
democracy to the differences between
the two major parties.
Discussing the conscription pro-
gram, Rev. Edwin Wilson, visiting
Unitarian minister from Chicago,
and a world war pilot, asserted that
any general moblization plans would
mean fascism in this country-and
it is well under way now, he added.
"A general mobilization means we
have lost the things for which we are
asked to fight, before we even enter
the war." he declared. Rev. Wilson,
who for four years worked for United
States entry into the League of Na-
tions, declared he did not believe
our arms program was designed for
home defense. He objected to any
material aid to Britain on the
grounds that the same supplies may
fall into German hands and be used
against this country.
Prof. De Witt Parker of the phi-
losophy department stated his great
opposition to U.S. entry into war was
so strong that he favored Willkie as
less likely to involve this country
than FDR, although he admitted a
GOP administration would see "pro-
found changes" in our governmental
structure. Questioning brought the
admission from Professor Parker that
"profound changes" might mean an
American brand of fascism.
Prof. Arthur Smithies of the eco-

nomics department from the other
side of the fence predicted that the
defense program would reach an an-
nual bill of ten to fifteen billion a
year, and would not necessarily mean
a lower standard of living. It might
raise the standard of living he showed,
using the economic improvement of
Germany from 1933 to 1936 as illus-
tration. Putting the unemployed
millions to work, and using the po-
tential production capacity to its
fullest might mean better conditions,
he asserted.
As the discussion moved into defin-
itions and the efficacy of planned
economy Prof. Roy W. Sellars called'
strongly for an ,original pattern of
planned economy. This country, he
maintained, should be able to design
a satisfactory planned economy that
would eliminate totalitarian char-
acteristics that generally accompany
such forms of government. It seems
we stopped being political thinkers
in the 18th century, the noted hu-
manist said.
Second place for determined de-
bate went to the Civil Liberties group'
where Professor John Shepard an-
nounced his belief that civil liber-
ties need not be suspended in time
of war. In regard to the much-dis-
puted student dismissal cases the.
psychology chairman made these
points:
1.) Education is a right and not
an arbitrary privilege. "Regulations
must be relevent and universal." And
every right must have an accompany-
ing responsibility.
2.) Admission, discipline and teach-
ing can not be dissociated. Such reg-
ulations must be entirely under the
control of the general faculty.
The education group agreed that
its .field is the last stronghold of
democracy.

1=,

Sadie Hawkins To Come
To League On Saturday

Tigers Humble Yanks To Retain
No. 1 Slot In American League

Leap Year and the Summer Ses-
sion will join forces Saturday when
the University gets its first taste of
the Sadie Hawkins tradition in a
somewhat milder form than it is
practiced by the comic strip hill-
billies.
The League and the Session will
cooperate in sponsoring a Sadie IHaw-
kins dance from 9 to 12 p.m. in the
League which will be a women's in-
vitational affair. The women will do
all the asking for dates in the best
Leap Year tradition, according to
Betty Hoag, chairman of the affair.
Cartoons from the comic strip "Lil
Abner," in which the local spinster,

The orchestra will be in costume, as
will all officials.
Since the dance is to be the dating
night for women, they will also be
able to come stag and may cut in
from the floor or ask boys to dance.
Men may come alone as usual and
cut. There will also be couple "rob-
ber dances" in which couples will
change partners for one dance at the
suggestion of the women.
The idea for a Sadie Hawkins
dance has been taken up on many.
campuses in the United States and
Canada, and has become a tradi-
tion. It is hoped that its success will

Fourth Lecture
Will Be Given
By Culbertson
The fourth lecture in the current
American Policy Series, sponsored by
the Summer Session, will be given
by Dr. William Smith Culbertson,
former chairman of the United
States Tariff Board, at 4:15 p.m. to-
morrow in the Rackham Lecture
Hall.
In addition to' being a former pro-
fessor and chairman of the econom-
ics department at the Foreign Ser-
vice School in Georgetown, and
chairman of the Institute of Politics
at Williamston, Mass., Dr. Culbert-
son is a member of the American
Bar Association, the American Eco-
nomic Association, the American So-
ciety on International Law and the
Federal Bar Association.
Last year he spoke here at the
conference on Latin American stud-
ies and chaired the conference on

NEW YORK, July 20.-(A)-The
hopes of the World Champion
Yankees for getting back on the
pennant trail were given a rude set-
back today by the Detroit Tigers,
who clawed out a 3 to 1 victory to
continue their mastery of the Amer-
ican League.
The Yanks ran afoul of eight-hit
hurling by Hal Newhouser, Detroit's
19-year-old rookie southpaw, and a
persistent offensive led by Hank
Greenberg. The slugger had a per-

The run off Rufus the Red came
in the third inning when Red Kress
led off with a three-bagger and
eventually scored on a fly by Barney
McCosky. Kress and McCosky greet-
ed Sundra with a pair of doubles and
a run when he came on duty in the
fifth, And in the sixth Greenberg
tripled and scored on Rudy York's
long fly.
This proved the end of Detroit's
scoring, although the Tigers loaded

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