THE MICHIGAN DAILY
On The Influenza Trailil
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NIGHT EDITOR: JACK CANAVAN
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of the Daily
staff and represent the views of the
I'he Artist's Sake ..
T WO PILLARS in the history of
American art were erected in the last
.ecade. Of the first, little is known outside the
rorId of art; of the second, relatively little more.
The Section of Fine Arts was organized in the
'riasury Department through the instigation of
klward Bruce late in 1933. This is a non-politi-
"al organization to encourage painting and
culpture of contemporary artists. In government
uildings throughout the country are evidences
if their work. And no tinge of partisanship
:olors the choosing of the artist. The procedure
or this is completely impartial, based only on
Iuality. Open anonymous competitions are held
nd artists from all parts 'of the country take
iart. Only after the work has been selected is
le name of the artist made known to the jury.
Covering a larger field is the Federal Art Pro-
ect of the W.P.A. Through this, a small certain
:icome is given the artist along with complete
reedom of expression. Certainly this small cer-
ain income is better than the haphazard one of
:rmer days, when the artists had to cater to a
apricious public, to wealthy patrons or to
It took many years for America to realize the
otential ability in her own artists. For a long
me they were completely disregarded or con-
dered only as they copied French artists. In the
wenties a reaction set in and what resulted was
e so-called "jingoistic" overrating of American
rt. The system was speculative and artificial.
The crash in 1929 put a stop to this onrushing
dal wave and rising out of chaos were the two
>vernment sponsored agencies. That this has
en a great advancement is evidenced by Forbes
Ua ton who says:
Could there be a stronger force than the
knowledge of the artist that he can live in
his own community, develop his ideas out of
a well rooted existence and sell his art to a
client who buys it without ulterior motive?
The fact that an agency of the Government
has employed several hundred artists, giv-
ing them complete freedom of expression,
and the fact that it pays each artist at the
same rate, suggest to my mind a situation
so much more inspiring and direct than the
complicated artificial system under which
artists formerly were compelled to operate
that I feel it fair to characterize it as a
powerful new force in American art. Add to
this the obvious stimulant given to the artist
through knowing that his fellow citizens Want
his art and that in offering him an oppor-
(unity to contribute his share of the pictorial
record of America they are doing so through
an agency which has no political powers and
ao means of showing favoritism, and we have
further evidence of a new force.'
-Ethel Q. Norberg
L IKE ANBODY else, The Daily has a
mailbox that exists for the sole pur-
e of receiving letters. And during the school
r, The Daily prints all letters that come to
editor, whether they knock, boost, or merely
#e haven't had any mail this summer to
ak of, and we don't know whether to attri-
e it to a lack of interest or ignorance of our
ctice of throwing the editorial columns open
*fie~ and all. Anvhow our addrssi 42nl ro.v-
Dr. C. H. Andrewes, Member Of
Explorations made by scientists into the mys-
teries of influenza analysis were discussed by Dr.
C. H. Andrewes in his talk entitled "On the
Influenza Trail" in the Lecture Hall of the Rack-
ham Building yesterday.
Dr. Andrewes, who is a member of the Medical
Research Council of the National Institute for
Medical Research in Hamstead, England, out-
lined the work carried on in London by him-
self and his co-workers, Smith and Laidlaw, in
investigating the cause of this disease.~
The nature of influenza is, as yet, not very
clear, he emphasized, and evidence points toward
the conclusion that perhaps several distinct
afflictions are now being incorrectly included
under the classification of influenza.
Two types of human influenza, namely that
responsible for the great pandemics and epi-
demics, and the milder form which manifests
itself in the isolated or sporatic type, appear to
be of a different nature, and may even be due
to different causes. The sporatic type, he specu-
lated, may be caused by the influence of a virus
alone, while the modification discovered in the
pandemics is perhaps due to the combined in-
fluence of the virus and other bacteria.
The discovery of a new disease in 1918 among
swine which simulated the human form of in-
fluenza aided greatly in uncovering the cause
of the malady. The cause, as discovered by Dr.
Richard E. Shope of the Rockefeller Institute
for Medical Research at Princeton, N.J., indi-
cated the combined action of two agents: a
bacterium which had previously been observed
in the human modification, and a minute filter-
By STAN M. SWINTON
I am going to stop this chatter around the
office once and for all. For some time I've been
the cheery type little given to sticking pins in
babies but my whole personality has undergone
a change since my co-workers started greeting
me with an acid "Well, who's tomorrow's GUEST
columnist." Things have reached a critical point
and there is no back-watering. I shall shove the
perfectly good guest column Roy Heath wrote
for today into the drawer and get my revenge.
Friends on the staff, I present: "Through
Europe with Rod, Reel, several Dozen Bed-Bugs
and Swinton." And after this you'll be happy
enough to read guest columns.
* * *
This is the time of year when post-cards
arrive in the morning mail decorated with an
exotic stamp, showing a romanticized view of
Pompeii without the flies or exhibiting the Grand
Canal at Venice with all of the gondolas and
none of the motor boats included. A year ago,
roughly, Robert Cooper, an ex-football player
who was extremely useful in that he looked like
Max Schmeling and won us extra servings at
German cafes, and Louis Staudt, a medical stu-
dent, and myself fell-and hard-for those yars
about the wonders of bicycling around Europe.
A meager budget failed to hinder us. A slightly
abridged journal of our 2000-odd miles by bi-
cycle and ship follow:
On S.S. President Roosevelt: Finally a happy
thought on how to handle that fellow cutting in
on the blond in first class. We marshal a group
of healthy heathen children of 12-odd years who
are addicted to jumping up and down on Cooper's
chest. They are informed, with sufficiently mys-
terious gestures, that the objectional fellow who
thinks he's getting places with the girl we hav
our eye on, is a Japanese spy. What better serv-
ice to the world could you, Young Men of
America, do than trail him and report to us on
each of his moves-with plenty of detail.
Our first spy reports in half an hour that the
fellow is lighting a cigarette which very probably
contains secret instructions from the Mikado
himself. We consider this highly improbable but
appear impressed. For two days the spies continue
to report. The fellow finally decides against
murdering us and keeps away from the girl. We
retaliate by telling the tribe he turned out not
to be a Japanese spy after all. Everything is fine
GENEVA: After four days in a barrack-like
hostelry here which a very nasty cop recom-
Inended we ask for the bill. It totals 21 cents for
all of us. "Isn't that a little low?" Louis inquires
of the land-lady. "Of course not," she replies.
"You're staying in the district poor-house."
* * *
Somewhere in Souithern France: We visit the
Medical Research Council Of English
Probes Nature Of Disease
passing virus. Of the two, the virus was appar-
ently the more important.
Much of the data obtained on the subject has
been gained by the investigation of the disease
in ferrets and white mice. First attempts at
transferring influenza to laboratory animals
failed until, quite by chance, it was discovered
that ferrets were very sensitive to infection if
the virus were applied nasally.
Interesting experiments performed on ferrets,
Dr. Andrewes continued, indicated the many
modifications of influenza which existed. Cer-
tain forms of the disease were developed which
attacked the lung tissues similar to the effect
By observing data of deaths due to influenza,
covering a large number of years a certain regu-
larity can be immediately seen. Apparently, Dr.
Andrewes indicated, the pandemic form appears
strongly every four years,
Speculating on the possibility of developing an
influenza vaccine, Dr. Andrewes stated that such
a vaccine had been quite successfully used on
ferrets, but its use in humans was as yet a re-
caves of Montmosseau. After walking through
the cool passages with their musty smell and
thousands of bottles of champaign we go up
again. The guide invites us to have a drink of
champaign. We accept. Some hours later we
leave. Cooper decides he has a better way than
pumping a bicycle and promptly rolls down the
hill. At the bottom he thinks better of the idea.
NAPLES: We stay at a place called Fatty's. It
costs 20 cents a night but we decide to splurge.
We kill thousands of bed-bugs. We leave for
ISLE OF CRAPRI: We insist on singing "On
The Isle Of Capri" which no one on Capri ever
heard of. Cooper and I go for a walk along a
romantic, tropical path to the shore, expecting to
run into the Duchess of Windsor or maybe even
Hedy Lamarr. The romance disappears when we
find we've been walking on top of sewer pipe. We
find this out by almost falling in a hole.
LONDON: We stay at a Salvation Army hostel
a block from Liverpool St. station and around the
corner from a pleasant little pub called Bloody
Dick's. We decide to see the tough part of Lon-
don, inquire the way to Limehouse late one night.
We arrive at Limehouse and spend the evening
looking for opium dens, Fu Manchu and assorted
mysterious characters. We find nothing. Louis
once claims he sees a Chinaman but it turns out
to be a kid with a mask. We inquire of a Bobby.
"Where," I ask, "is the really tough part of
the city? The part where knives get stuck into
people, beautiful heroines get drugged and that
sort of thing? The very rock bottom? Isn't it in
"Heavens no," he says, "Limehouse is a nice
enough neighborhood. But if you want a really
bad part of the city, a dirty, nasty, grimy, evil
section I should strongly suggest that you visit
the region around the Liverpool St. Station and
the Salvation Army hostel. No decent man could
"My God," Louie screams, "that's where we're
(Tomorrow: More European Adventures unless
the staff quits griping about guest columns. It's
up to you guys, make up your own mind.)
Life On Other Planets
Astronomers and physicists should not be
too sure that planets devoid of oxygen in their
atmosphere can not support some form of in-
telligent life. It is agreed by all scientists that
life on this Earth evolved from primary, minute
organisms-germs-developed from chemical and
electrical, or ionic, activity and combinations.
The germs that produced most of the life now
existent on this mundane sphere require oxygen
for their sustenance and growth. All larger ani-
mal life as we know it requires oxygen. But
there is a form of life existing on this Earth,
present in the soil and elsewhere, which does
not require oxygen; in fact, oxygen is tolerated
by some of these peculiar germs, while some of
their genus can live and grow only in the absence
This micro-organism is called the "anaerobe,"
and is the highly dangerous cause of so-called
"gas gangrene," from which the death rate is
high, if this peculiar germ gets into wounds.
Perhaps there is a race of beings springing
from the anaerobe, highly developed in intelli-
gence, on some of these far planets. For the
anaerobe knows what it wants and how to get it,
and spurns oxygen. --The Detroit News
Book Week Conference (University High School).
Physics Symposium, Prof. Gerhard Herzberg, University of Sas-
katchewan (Room 2038 East Physics Building).
Physics Symposium, Prof. Enrico Fermi, Columbia University
(Amphitheatre, Rackham Building).
Excursion to Greenfield Village.
"Meanings and the Reading Problem," lecture by Prof. Clifford P.
Woody of the School of Education (University High School Audi-
Tea and Dancing (League Ballroom).
"Geographic Aspects of the Struggle in China," lecture by Dr.
George B. Cressey of the Department of Geology and Geography,
Syracuse University (Amphitheatre, Rackham Building).
"School and Pressure Groups," by Dean J. B. Edmonson of the
School of Education (University High School Auditorium).
"The Nature and Property of Viruses," lecture by Dr. C. H. An-
drewes of the Medical Research Council of the National Institute
of Medical Research, Hamstead, England (Room 1528 East Medi-
"Man and Nature in North Sumatra," illustrated lecture by Prof. H.