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July 23, 1938 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1938-07-23

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The Weather
Unsettled, Showers And
Thunderstorms.

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~O!Iait

Editorials
The Ludlow Amendment
A Force For Peace...

I

Official Publication Of The Summer Session
VOL. XLVIII. No. 23 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN SATURDAY, JULY 23, 1938

PRICE FIVE CENTS

t

New Attitude
Of Conciliation
Shown Soviet
By Japanese
Protest Of Manchoukuo-
Siberia Border Incident
WithdrawnBy Tokyo
Spokesman Denies
Threats Of Force
TOKYO, July 22-(/P)-A more con-
ciliatory attitude was apparent in
Japan tonight following Soviet Rus-
sia's rejection of Japan's protest that
Soviet troops had yiolated the Man-
choukuoan frontier on July 11.
The foreign office spokesman de-
nied that Japan threatened force to
eject Red soldiers who had occupied
a bit of land which Moscow insisted
was part of Sibe'ria and Tokyo de-
3lared belonged to Japanese-protec-
ted Manchoukuo.
He said such an expression had
not been voiced either in Tokyo or in
Moscow.
Proposed Troops Withdraw
The Japanese Ambassador to Mos-
cow, Mamoru Shigemitsu, was said
merely to have proposed to Foreign
Commissar Maxim Litvinoff that the
troops be withdrawn to open the way
,n for "9 general compromise."
In statements carried by Tokyo
newspapers, an unnamed foreign of-
fice spokesman was quoted, however,
as having said that Russia's action
"must be interpreted as a challenge
to Japan."
He was reported to have reiterated
that Russia must assume responsi-
bility for the results of the border
incident and declared "Japan is
ready and has every right to take all
necessary steps." He was silent on
what Japan would do next.
Present Different Acouint
(Japanese Poreign Office spokes-
men frequently present a situation in
differing lights, depending on whether
they are talking to Japanese corres-
pondents for home consumption or to
foreign correspondents.)
The Tokyo War Office officially
was silent but unofficially hope was
expressed that , diplomatic means
could be found to settle "such an un-
necessary situation."
The Forgein Office declined to say
whether fresh instructions had been
sent to Shigemitsu or what tack Jap-
an now would pursue. The war office
would not say whether Manchou-
kuoan border guards had been rein-
forced.
Anglo-French
Meet Aims At
Lasting Peace
PARIS, July 22.-(P)-Now that
Royal company has gone home, real-
istic French diplomats tonight count-
ed two prime results of the four-day
exchange ofhamenities with Britain
-both of which nurtured hopes for
lasting peace in Europe.
1. France and Britain took ad-
vantage of the favorable occasion to
encourageagreement with Germany
to ease Central European tension.
2. Anglo-French military plans for
quick, effective cooperation just in
case the German settlement doesn't
pan out, were further coordinated.
The state visit of King George VI.
and his Scottish Queen ended at

5:35 p.m. when the Royal party sailed
from Calais. A French Infantry
band played "God Save The King,"
warships boomed a salute and thou-
sands of spectators on nearby docks
shouted "Come back to see us again!"
The International situation as it
shapes up after the visit will be re-
viewed by President Albert Lebrun
and the cabinet tomorrow morning.
The feeling in governmental circles
was that the visit was a decided suc-
cess, particularly as a demonstration
of Anglo-French unity and as a coun-
teraction to Reichsfuehrer Hitler's
visit to Premier Mussolini in May.
Japs Threaten New
Raids On Chinese
SHANGHAI, July 22-(M)-Wide-
spread bombing raids to shake Chi-
nese resistance to the Japanese
Yangtze valley campaign were an-

Lilienthal Accuses Dr. Morgan
Of 'Campaign Of Defamation'

Witness States All Three
TVA Board Members
Often Changed Minutes
KNOXVILLE, Tenn., July 22-(P)
-TVA Director David E. Lilienthal
testified today "unreasoning suspic-
ion, hatred and distrust" motivated
Dr. Arthur E. Morgan's attack on
the administration of the Tennessee
Valley Authority.
Before a Congressional investiga-
tion committee, Lilienthal assailed
the ousted TVA chairman for a
"reckless campaign of defamation,"
and denied trying to suppress records
by deleting statements from board
minutes.-4
Dr. Morgan sat nearby, his face
flushed under the blistering attack.
Earlier, the investigators impound-
ed board minutes and all legal opin-
ions by TVA counsel with reference to
changed entries, after a witness testi-
fied to numerous alterations.
Charles Hoffman, assistant secre-
tary to the board, testified yesterday
changes in the minutes were made
"mostly by Lilienthal."
Under questioning today, Hoffman
asserted all three directors including
Arthur Morgan, made revisions in the
minutes, the; bulk of them in the
rough drafts.
Opening his defense, Lilienthal as-
serted he and his associate Harcourt
A. Morgan, "feel that Dr. Morgan's
accusations, charges and innuendoes
must be answbred before we can, get
to theymore constructive phases of
this investigation."
Hoffman testified that after a con-
ference last Sunday with Dr. Morgan
and his attorney, committee counsel
Francis Biddle asked him to make
a report "on our confidential inter-
view" and suggested that "I talk with
Mr. Fly (James Lawrence Fly, TVA
general counsel), about the material
which we had discussed."
He said he discussed with Dr. Mor-l

i

Youngest
Saves

Roosevelt
Dad A Ticket

PHILADELPHIA, July 22--(,)-
A traffic violation, a minor matter
between two proud fathers went
disregarded today - and City
Policeman Elmer Steward got to
see President Roosevelt's three-
day-old grandson.
Steward halted an automobile
driven by Franklin D. Roosevelt,
Jr., for a minor traffic infraction
and, when the driver introduced
himself, asked:
"How about seeing the baby,
papa?"
"Why not," Roosevelt replied,
grinning, and took Steward to the
Pennsylvania Hospital.
While a secret service guard
looked on, a nurse wheeled the
baby from the nursery.
"A fine lad, Mr. Roosevelt,"
beamed Steward, himself a father..
"That," Roosevelt agreed, "is
what I keep saying."
Steward did not give Roosevelt a
ticket.
gan therevisions in the board's min-
utes.
On one occasion last December, he
said, Fly criticized as "dishonest and
skullduggery" his supplying Dr. Mor-
gan (then chairman) with minutes of
the board meeting.
Hoffman testified Fly instructed
him to clear such requests through
his office although "such a rule did
not apply to the others." He accused
Fly yesterday of ordering him not
to "have any contact" with'Dr. Mor-
gan or his friends.
Time and again, Lilienthal main-
tained there was no ulterior motive
in altered minutes and that it was
done openly with full approval of
all directors.

Relief Is Bid
For 3rd Term
SaysHamilton
Claims That People Want
Private Jobs, Will Vote
Again Roosevelt Plans
WASHINGTON. July 22.-('P)-
John Hamilton, the Republican Na-.
tional Chairman, charged today that
the Roosevelt Administration was in-
creasing relief rolls and failing to
stimulate private industry in an ef-
fort to obtain a third term for the
President with relief clients' votes.
At the same time the Republican
leader expressed the conviction that
the American people would repudiate
"this shameless conduct" at the polls
this fall and in 1940.
"Indeed, it is very doubtful wheth-
er even those on the Federal relief
rolls would vote for Mr. Roosevelt
again," Hamiltonsadded in a state-
ment to the press.
"What these people'want are self-
respecting jobs in privateeindustry.
They are growing tired of being made
wards of the Roosevelt Administra-
tion. They know there is neither a
comfortable livelihood nor any future
whatever in a job on relief. Yet that
is the only thing which the New Dealj
today offers the country."
Hamilton's statement was oc-
casioned by the declaration of Harry
L. Hopkins, the WPA Administrator,
that he believed 90 per cent of the 3,-
000,000 persons on work relief rolls
favored the Roosevelt Administra-
tion.
The G.O.P. Chairman said that
Hopkins' remark, made at a press
conference yesterday, "looks like the,
launching of the Roosevelt third
term movement by the man who
might be termed the largest employer
in the nation."
"In view of this development,",
Hamiltoncontinued,s"reasons become
clearer for the constant increase of
the Federal relief rolls-now reaching
a new high record-and the failure
of the Roosevelt Administration to
take steps to stimulate private indus-
try.
"None need be surprised at the
brazenness of Mr. Hopkins. In view
of the refusal of the Democratic lead-
ership to permit punishment for those
playing politics with relief and in view'
of Mr. Hopkins' intervention in the
Iowa primary election and what has
happened in Kentucky and other
states. it is to be expected that the

S. Timoshenko'
Discusses Lab
Work In Talk
Engineering M e c ha n i c s
Researches In Europe
Is Director's Subject
By BETSY ANDERSONj
Speaking on the subject of "Engi-1
neering Mechanics Research in Eur-
opean Laboratories," Prof. Stephen3
Timoshenko, director of the engineer-
ing mechanics Symposium being held
here this summer, gave a report on
the work being carried out in labor-
atories which he visited in Germany,
Switzerland and France last year in
a special talk given yesterday after-
noon in the West Engineering Build-i
ing.
Fatigue testing on full-size speci-
mens of railway axles and structural
steel forms, carried out in German
laboratories connected with the state
railroads, was one of the first topics
he discussed. He also spoke on pul-
sating load testing machines, which
are now beingused throughout Eur-
ope. These machines originated in
Germany, however, he explained.
He also reported on concrete test-:
ing machines b'eing used in the lat-
est French cooperative laboratory in
Paris. One concrete testing machine
in this laboratory can exert a total
force of 20,000,000 pounds. The most
remarkable fact connected with this
testing machine, he pointed out, is
the fact that the main frame of the
machine itself is made of concrete,
probably the first example in the
world of a testing machine made of
this material.
The force and motion measure-
ments on railway tracks and parts of
moving locomotives formed the ma-
terial for some of the interesting ex-
perimental work he exhibited. This
work was originally carried out by
the Paris-Midi Railways in France.
Slides of the full scale tests on
complete structural panels, which
are being carried out in the Technical
College in Zurich, Switzerland were
shown and explained by Prof. Timo-
shenko.
Prof. Timoshenko, who teaches en-
gineering mechanics at Leland Stan-
ford University during the regular
' session, and is here as a non-resident
professor in engineering mechanics
this summer, is regarded as one of,
the foremost American authorities on
engineering mechanics. He was a-
warde dan honorarv degree of doc-

'Communism'
To Be Charge
At UAW Trial
4 Suspended International
Union Vice - Presidents
To Be Tried Monday
Accused Of Attempt
To Disrupt Union
DETROIT, July 22-()-Although
allegations of communism were ab-
sent from formal charges against
four suspended International vice-
presidents of the United Automobile
Workers of America, President Hom-
er Martin indicated tonight such
accusations.-would figure in the men's
trial.
The four-Richard T. Franken-
steen, Walter N. Wells, Ed Hall and
Wyndham 'kortimer-will be tried by
the C.I.O. Union's International Ex-
ecutive Board, controlled by Martin,
Monday. The charges against them
were revealed today for the first
time.
Suspended June 13
Martin suspended them June 13,
saying then they had engaged in
"communistic activities," and "con-
spiracy to disrupt the union."
Martin said in a press conference
late today that they would not be
tried on charges of being communists
but that they conspired to support
what he said was a communist pro-
gram to disrupt the U.A.W.A.
"I don't think these men are mem-
bers of the Communist Party," the
Union President said, "but recently,
it seems, it has been found that the
most effective way of advancing that
cause does not consist in carrying a
Communist card."
"I don't think Frankensteen is a
Communist and I have never accused
him of being a Communist," Martin
continued, "but everybody knows that
Mortimer has been the representative
of the Communist Party on the (In-
ternational Executive) Board ad in-
finitumyin fact ever since he came
on the board.
Held Many Conferences
"I don't think there will be any
denial that there have been not one
but many conferences, over many
months, since the Communist party
entered this conspiracy.
"Evidence will be presented of such
conferences in the International of-
fices of Frankensteen, Mortimer, Hall
and George F. Addes (secretary-
treasurer who was suspended with the
others and later expelled by the
Board).
"B. G. Gebert and William Wein-
stone, Communist Party representa-
tives, were almost constant visitors at
the offices of these men."
Spanish Rebels
Batter At Viver
Pound West Gate To Open
New March To Sea
HENDAYE, France (At The Span-
ish Frontier), July 22-(IP)-Spanish
Insurgents aided by Italian units
pounded against the western gates of
Viver today in an effort to open the
way for a new advance to the Medi-
terranean. I
Viver is 34 miles north northwest
of Valencia on the Teruel-Mediter-
ranean Highway which, at Sagunto,
joins the Main Coastal Road leading
south to Valencia.

Having shortened their front by a
drive toward Viver from Barracas
and the elimination of a pocket of
resistance in the Espina Mountain,
the Insurgents were able to concen-
trate artillery and aviation to punish
heavily the Government's militiamen,
Nevills Party Begins
Last Stretch of Trip
BULLETIN
GRAND CANYON, Ariz., July
22.-(A')-Observers using tele---
scopes stood on the south rim of
the Grand Canyon today and saw
the three boats of the Nevills ex-
pedition conquer the dangerous
Monument Rapids soon after the
party took off for Lake Mead on
the final leg of a 666-mile jour-

Vitorio Called
Originator Of
Nations' Law
James Scott Terms Work
A Great Masterpiece
In International Law
Renaissance Group
Sponsors Lecture
By CARL PETERSEN
The principles of international law
enunciated by Francisco de Vitorio
in the 15th century are no mere
scholar's dream but will be the law
of nations for the indeterminate fu-
ture, Dr. James Brown Scott, secretary
of the Carnegie Endowment for World
Peace declared yesterday speaking in
conjunction with the Graduate Con-
ference on Renaissance Studies.
Churchman, scholar and jurist, the
eminent theological professor, Dr.
Scott said, delivered himself of many
of his cardinal principles as a result
of the discovery of America by Col-
umbus. Seeing the mistreatment
which the aborigines sffered at the
hands of the cruel and overbearing
Spaniards, Vitorio presented an alex-
io at the University of Salamanca
in Spain laying down the principles
which should govern a nation in ap-
propriating new territories.
* Contained War Statement
This original alexio of Vitorio also
contained a statement of national
conduct in war and was termed by
Dr. Scott "the first and greatest mas-
terpiece of work on international
law.".
In his teaching, according to Dr.
Scott, Vitorio used the French method
of dictating to his students and then
correcting their noes. This took up
so much of his time that he never
published 'any books. Much of the
knowledge of Vitorio which scholars
today have has been gleaned from
the notes of his students. .t
Presented Three Canons
His first alexio, with its rules of
war, presented what Dr. Scott termed
the three canons of international
law. These are justice, good faith and
charity. The rules of conduct in war
laid down three cardinal principles,
he pointed out. Designating a nation
or state by the title "Prince," Vitorio
said that to begin with the "Prhice"
should live in peace with his neighbor
and wage war only to secure his de-
served rights, he should be humble
in victory and should accept all re-
sponsibility for damages inflicted in
the conflict, for those who prosecute
the war do so only out of loyalty to
the "Prince" and are not otherwise
responsible.
Dr. Scott cited 14 extracts from
Vitorio's teachings which dealt with
freedomof trade, rights of foreigners,
rights of missionaries, mandates, con-
scientious objectors, who, Vitoro said,
should not, if convinced of the in-
justice of the war, be forced to fight,
sanctions, arbitration by the Pope
and many others.
100 Students
Visit Milford
Test Ground

Fourth Term Is What'
Governor Phil's After
MADISON, Wis., Puly 22.-(P)-
Gov. Philip F. LaFollette, co-
founder of the National Progres-
sives of America, set out today to
build his political fences inthe
state and nation as a candidate
for an unprecendented fourth
term.1
Close associates said that to
avoid any legal complications over
the status of the Progressive party,
established in this state in 1934,
LaFollettee would campaign un-
der the old Wisconsin Progressive
label rather than the NPA banner.
But.his eyes will be on the na-
tional scene.
While there have been several
three-term governors in Wiscon-
sin's history, no one ever has
aspired to a fourth. Only two
of LaFollette's three administra-
tions have been consecutive, how-
ever. It was his defeat as a Re-
publican primary candidate in '32
that broughty about formation of
the new party.
NLRB Ruling
Reversed For,
Fansteel Case
Company Need Not Return'
83 Strikers To Positions,
Says Court Of Appeals
CHICAGO, July 22 - (]') -The
United States Circuit Court of Ap-
peals, in a 2 to 1 decision late today,.
set aside a ruling of the National
Labor Relations Board requiring the
reinstatement of 83 employes of the
Fansteel Metallurgical Corporation
who were discharged during a strike
in February, 1937.
The Labor board's report, accusing
the North Chicago concern of violat-
ing the Wagner act, was one of the
first dealing with the "seizure of
property" charge against sit-down
strikes.
It held the corporation had failed
to bargain collectively, had intimida-
ted employes, made discriminatory
discharges and supported. a so-called
company union.
The controversy arose from a sit-
down strike by workers who took'pos-
session of the plant,'repulsed one at-
tempted eviction by officers, but were
finally driven from the property with
tear gas.
Judge Will M. Sparks wrote the
majority opinion, which was con-
curred in by Judge Walter C. Lind-
ley. A lengthy dissenting opinion was
written by Judge Walter Treanor.
2 Bands Offer

WASHINGTON, July 22-(-The
Republic Steel Corporation and its
4itter foe, the Committee For Indus-
trial Organization, reviewed an old
ld warfare today in a tense encoun-
er before the Senate Civil Liberties
Committee.
For the CIO, Philip Murray, chair-
mnan of the Steel Workers' Organiz-
ing Committee, charged thqt no com-
pany in the country had "resorted
to more reprenhensble tactics against
unionization" than Republic. He de-
iounced the company as "the foulest
industrial cesspool of labor relations
in America."
For the Steel company, Thomas F.
atton, General Counsel, accused the
GIO, of interfering with the mals
during last year's strike in "little
teel."'He added that 23,00 of Repub-
1c's employes demonstrated their
loyalty to the concern by staying on
the job during that industrial conflict
despite "insuperable odds - armed-
rnobs, bands of pickets who would not
let even food be brought into the plant
to sustain life."
The. CIO, Murray testified, had
pent about $1,500,000 in orgaizing
the steel workers, and at present had
signed contracts with 80 per cent of
he industry's productive capacity.
With the rest of the industry there
iad been trouble, he said, and partic-
ularly with 1epublic. Speaking gen-
erally, he said the organizers had
'encountered m a n y difficulties"
through "a system of espionage" and
through "trailing of organizers by
detectives, policemen and finks em-
ployed by the steel companies."
Organizers were "beaten up" and
"arrested many times when they tried
to hold meetings," he said.
He referred to hearings before the
Senate Post Office Committee a yeaf
ago at which he made charges against
Republic for which the company's
chairman, Tom Girdler, called him a
"liar." All the charges, Murray said,
have subsequently been found correct
by the National Labor Relations
Board.
Replying, Patton said it had been
proved that pickets interfered with
delivery of mail to Republic.
"Pickets for the first time told the
post office department when and
where it could deliver mail," he said.
(Continued on Page 3)
Sen. Pittman
Warns Mexico
Refusal To Arbitrate Issue
May Cause Penalties
WASHINGTON, July 22.-(P)-A
blunt warning that Mexico would be
subject to economic penalties if she
refused to arbitrate the issue arising
from her seizure of American-owned
farm land was issued today by Chair-
man Pittman (Dem., Nev.) of the
Senate Foreign Relations Committee.
A refusal, Pittman said, would "de-
stroy the good neighbor policy as far
as the United States and Mexico are
concerned.
"Mexico," he continued, "then
would forfeit all the. financial and
other voluntary aid we have given her
through our spirit of friendship and
desire for peace, prosperity and up-
building of that country."
This recalled that the United
States is the most important pur-
chaser of Mexican silver, and that
silver sales are an important factor
in the Mexican economy.
Pittman's statement was a follow-
up to Secretary of State Hull's note to
Mexico yesterday, protesting Mex-
ic's failure to pay for American-
owned farm lands seized over a period
of years and asking that the ques-
tion be submitted to arbitration."
Hopes To Induce FDR
To Visit Mackinac Spon

- . ____ __
t r

Committee Reviews'
Feud Between CIO
And Republie Steel

Murray And Patton
Renew ,Warfare
Both Present Accusations
In Senate Civil Liberties
Committee Encounter

One hundred Michigan students are
departing at 9 a.m. today for the
Pontiac Motor Car Proving Grounds
at Milford, 30 miles north of Ann Ar-
bor, on the eighth of the Summer
Session excursions. They will return
around two this afternoon.
At Milford the General Motors Cor-
poration has established a 1268-acre
laboratory for the carrying out of ex-
haustive and scientifically controlled
tests on all makes of automobiles.
Proving ground engineers, in good
weather and bad, are here amassing
facts essential to the further im-
provement of motor car products. All
kinds of roads-mud, brick, dirt,
gravel, tar-treated surfaces, and con-
crete-are available, even an espe-
cially built one-mile stretch of Bel-
gian block, designed to reproduce the
irregular bumpy condition of badly
surfaced highways.
At the provingground, after pre-
liminary explanations by the en-
gineer-guide, the party will board spe-
cial proving ground buses for a com-
prhensive tour of the roadways.
Among the points of interest will be
roads of varying grades up to 24 per

Concert Sunday'
Out-Door Concert Planned
For July 29 Here
Making their first combined ap-
pearance of the current season, the
University Summer Session Band and
the All High School Clinic Band will
present a concert at 4:15 p.m. to-
morrow in Hill Auditorium, Prof. Wil-
liam D. Revelli, director, announced
yesterday. r
Victor J. Grabel, first guest con-,
ductor of the season, who is noted
throughout the nation for his work
as director of the Chicagoland Fes-
tival and for 'his musical composi-
tions, will direct the Clinic Bands
in the first half of the program, and
Professor Revelli will conduct the
Summer Session Band in the second
half.
Plans for an enoromous out-door
band concert with approximately 270
musicians participating are being
completed for Friday, July 29, Profes-'
sor Revelli revealed. Seats for 10,-
000 are being erected in Ferry Field.

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