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July 15, 1938 - Image 1

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1938-07-15

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The WeatherL
Fair, slightly cooler today;Ro
tomorrow fair and somewhat Fi
Official Publication Of The Summer Session
Hughes Lands Fascists Say Ready To Join Dig Down Deep, Mister-You're Taged TaLSales Fo
Hughes LgnSSaSas Fe

osevelt Draws
st Blood
t 'There Be
r 300

In New York;
Slashes Post's
Record In Half
25,000 Swarm Landing
Field To Welcome Five:
Globe-Girdling Airmen
Faulty Maps Nearly
Score Tragic Finale
Y., July 14.-(P)-Around the world
in less than four days,. Howardl
Hughes, Texas millionaire-sportsan,
and his four intrepid companions
sliced the globe-girdling record in
half today, completing a 14,824-mile
circuit in 91 hours and 14 minutes.
Wildly cheered by an estimated 25,-
000 spectators, Hughes swooped his
big silov' monoplane to a perfect
landing here at 1:37 p.m., EST. Wiley
Post, flying solo in 1933, took 7 days,
18 hours and 49 minutes for virtually
the same route-.
Officials of the American Aeronau-
tical Union announced tonight that
the official Hughes' 'round-the-world
record would be computed on the "ar-
rival" time of 1:34:10 p.m., EST, and
- not on the landing time of 1:37 p.m.
Hughes' Official Record
This makes Hughes' official record
three days, 19 hours, 14 minutes, 10
The arrival time was computed atc
the moment Hughes' ship passed over
the Administration Building of FloydC
Bennett Airport. The landing time
was the moment the wheels touched
the ground-1:37 p.m. (OEST).
Hughes' eyes were red. His shirt
was smudged with grime. Almost
without sleep, he had stuck it out at
the controls of the big sky-streaking
ship, aided only by an automatic
gyro-pilot, ever since taking off from
Floyd Bennett Field last Sunday at
6:=20 pa.. EST.
Ninety hours later, he was stillf
gunning the twin-motored plane at
terrific speed across Manhattan's sky-
scrapers this 'afternoon, after the
final swift 1,054-mile hop from Min-
neapolis this morning.
Discloses Dangers
Near the breaking-point as the ship
landed, Hughes disclosed for the first
time two facts he never had hinted
in his radio broadcasts during the
flight-that faulty maps nearly
scored a tragic finale to the aerial
odyssey in Siberia, and that on the
trans-Atlantic stretch his gas supplyr
had been "barely enough" to reach
If the flight had continued at nightj
out of Yakutsk, Siberia, as originallyt
planned, he said, the plane mightt
well have crashed into jagged moun-i
tains the height of which was in-b
correctly recorded on their maps.
"It's a damn good thing I didn't try
to fly out of Yakutsk at night," thea
lanky Texan said fervently.
"The maps we have show there are1
no mountains higher than 6,500 feet
there. We measured the mountains
as we passed over them the next

Italians Have
ROME, July 14-(P)-The Italian
people were declared today to be a
race "of Aryan origin" by a group
of Fascist university professors at
conclusion of studies undertaken
under auspces of the Governmnt.
Publication of the racial doctrine
gave Italy's 47,000 Jews cause for
disquiet, for it asserted Jews "do not
belong to the Italian race" and could
not be fused with it without altering
its "purely European character."
"Conception of races in Italy
should be essentially Italian, and in
an Italian-Nordic direction," the pro-
fessors' report said.
Newspaper Goes Further
"This does not mean, however, the
introduction into Italy of German
racial theories as they now exist or
the assertion that Italians and Scan-
dinavians are the same thing."
The authoritative Fascist news-
paper, Il Giornale D'Italia, edited by
Virginit Gayda, however, went fur-
ther than the savants in linking
Italy's 43,000,000 people with the
"Nordic" concept prominent in Nazi
racial theory.
"The term 'Nordic' racially has no
geographical significance, but serves
simply to indicate that human type
which the immortal Linnaeus called
Homo Europaeus,' the paper said.f
Silent On Romans
"Physically this humansrace cor-
responds to the ideals of classic
beauty sung by our greatest poets and
depicted by great Latin and Italian
artists," the paper continued. Psy-
chologically this type corresponds to
the heroic ideal of man. Thus direct-
ed, the Italian race of the Fascist era
will become more 'organized, solid,
silent and powerful."
Though exaltation of Latin civili-
ation heretofore has held the prime
place in all Italian culture, the new
doctrine was silent on that point,
reserving its praise for Aryanism.
This departure was viewed by pol-
itical circles as marking a still strong-
orientation of Fascist policy toward
Colonialism Told
By Yandenboseli
American Colonial Policy
Contrasted To Dutch
Traditional American idealism, the
heritage of its own fight against co-
lonialism, and comparative inexper-
ience, were designated as the major
characteristics of American policy in
the Philippines, by Dr. Amry Vanden-
bosch, of the University of Kentucky,
in the last lecture of the second series
being sponsored here by the Institute
of Far Eastern Studies.
In contrast to the Dutch, who have
allowed the people of the East Indies
to retain their native customs and
language, America has followed a
policy of assimilation in its regime in
the Philippines. Furthermore, said
Dr Vnenn sch the United States i

FDR Declares
Europe Must Take Lead;
San Franciscans Hear
Talk On U.S. Relations
President Reviews
Navy Show In Bay
SAN FRANCISCO, Cal., July 14.-
(A)-President Roosevelt told. a crowd
at the San Francisco Exposition
grounds today that the United States
stands ready and willing to join with
other nations in effecting "a definite
reduction in world armament."
The President, speaking in the
bunting-draped Administration build-
ing of the 1939 Exposition, gave a
plain indication that this country
looks to other world powers to ini-
tiate disarmament efforts.
But he added: "We fe',ently hope
for the day when the other leading
nations of the world will realize that
their present course must inevitably
lead them to disaster.
"We stand ready to meet them and
encourage them in any efforts they
may make toward a definite reduc-
tion in world armament."
The speech precluded a Presiden-
tial review of the United States Fleet,
more than three score warships an-
chored in San Francisco Bay. The
Chief Executive also gave other na-
tions a pointed reminder that this na-
tion's warships are something more
than a symbol.
He described tnem as a "potent,
every-ready fact in the national de-
fense of the United States."
An inspection of the Mare Island
Navy Yard, a short pause for a Presi-
dential salute at Fort Mason on San
Francisco's North Beach and a ride
through miles of human-lined
streets comprised Mr. Roosevelt's
schedule during the morning.
He was hailed and cheered all
along the route. The Office of Chief
of Plice William J. Quinn estimated
500,000 persons saw the Chief Ex-
ecutive between the time he entered
the city by way of the Golden Gate
Bridge and the time he left over the
big San Francisco-Oakland Bridge to
reach Treasure Island, the man-made
exposition ground in mid-bay.
Mr. Roosevelt was introduced to
the 1,000 luncheon guests byuLeland
Cutler, president of the Exposition.
The crowd, jammed into the long,
semi-circular room, shrieked, whistled
and, applauded as the President stood
before a battery of microphones.
The President's statements about
disarmament, however passed with-
out a single handclap.
Grabel, uest Band
Director, To Speak
Victor J. Grabel. the season's first
guest conductor of the Summer Ses-
sion and High School Clinic bands,
will address the members of the King-
fish Club Monday, July 18, in Room
126 of the Michigan Union, Prof. Wil-
liam D. Revelli, director of the Michi-
gan Band, announced yesterday.
Mr. Grabel's topic will be "Re-
hearsal Routines." His talk will be
followed by a motion picture film of
the Michigan Band's marching rou-
tines, to be shown by Professor Re-

FreshAir Campers

_Will Begin Today

And here is one of those irresistibly lovely tag salesmen you're going
to be coming across today and tomorrow, as they extort dimes from
you to send 300 needy Ann Arbor boys to the University's Fresh-Air
Camp for a month of fun and health.

Tonal Language
Problems, Topic
Of Pike Lecture
Tonal Language Described
As One With Meaning
Values In Word Pitch.
How to attack the intricate prob-
lems of analyzing an unwritten tonal)
language was explained yesterday to
members of the Linguistic Institute at
the regular luncheon conference in
the Michigan Union by Kenneth L.
Pike of the Mexican Institute for the
Investigation of Lirguistics.
A tonal language, as Pike defined
it, is one in which every syllable has
a definite pitch; in other words, the
pitch of a word has a meaning value
in such a language. The particular
language he used as illustration was
Mixteco, an Indian tongue spoken in
an isolated region of the southern'
Mexican state of Oaxaca, where he
has spent the past three years in lin-
guistic study for the purpose of trans-
lating the Bible for the Mixtec In-
As a prerequisite to the study; Pike
said, the student must have had suf-
ficient ear training to enable him to.
recognize tonal intervals with fair
accuracy. It also is necessary to have
a native informant who can be
trained to make the tones clear apart
from consonantal interference; that
is, he must be able to hum or whistle
the tune of a word after he has spok-
en it.
When the worker is actually in the
field ready to study an unwritten
language, Pike declared, the first
problem is to determine whether it is
tonal or not. One way is to find a
sound combination, such as "la,"
which has two different meanings
when uttered on different pitch lev-
els. Another way is to find if there
are persistent immoveablenpitch pat-
terns in phrasal combinations, such
patterns to be tested by trying to
substitute one element for another
in the patern. This is called using
a "subsitution frame."
If the language is tonal, the work-
er's next problem is determining the
(Continued on Page,3)
Prof. Bethe Ends
Series Of Lectures
The last in his series of talks on
the speed of nuclear actions to be
given this morning by Prof. H. A.
Bethe of Cornell University will con-
clude his lecturing activities here in
connection with the Symposium on
I theoretical physics being held here
this summer. I
Professor Bethe, who spoke last
night before the bi-weekly symposium
of the physics group, has dealt wits2

Niagara Falls
Trip To Start
This Afternoon,
Party To Meet Before,
Angell Hall At ,3:30;
Will Return Monday;
Approximately 55 Summer Session
students will make up the University;
excursion party to Niagara Falls to-
day under the direction of Prof. Irv-
ing D. Scott of the Geology depart-
Contrary to a previous announce-
ment which was erroneous, Prof.
Louis Rouse of the mathematics de-
partment who is supervising the ex-
cursion series said the party will'
leave at 3:30 p.m. from in front of
Angell Hall by private bus and em-
bark for Buffalo, N.Y., via D&C Lake
steamer at 5:30 p.m. Arrival in Buf-
falo is scheduled to be 8 a.m. to-
morrow when special buses will pick
the tourists up and convey them on
a scenic tour of Niagara Falls and
its adjoining points of interest.
Professor Scott, in addition to be-
ing manager of the tour while it is in
progress, will act as a lecturing guide.
He will point out the actual geological
and scenic points of interest corres-
ponding to those he mentioned in his
lecture at the Rackham Building re-

Choral Singing'
Origins Traced
By Prof. Willan
Ancient Roman Bishop Is
Originator In 314 A.D.;
Choir Music Resulted
"Although the origin of choral,
singing is not known precisely, it is
certain that it received its first im-
petus from the school set up by
Bishop Sylvester in 314 A.D. in the1
latter days of the Roman Empire,"
Prof. Healey Willan, eminent com-
poser and authority in the field of
choral singing, declared in a Univer-
sity lecture on "Choral Singing in thej
Renaissance" in the Rackham build-
ing yesterday.
"It remained, however, for Pope
Gregory in the 600's A.D. to accom-
plish a great revival of ecclesiastical
music, which led to the development,
of choir music as we know it today,"t
Professor Willan, who is a guest pro-
fessor in the music school this sum-
mer, said.I
EccIestastical Seqquences
The University of Toronto com-
poser went on to the ecclesiastical se-1
quences early used in the Roman;
Catholic Church in England, which
were the real antecedents of modern
choir music. Originally used in churcht
processions the sequence became so1
popular that their over-use in church
services resulted inthe elimination of
all but five of the most outstanding.
The elimination of the sequenced
form was in reality a blow to music
as their mystic beauty probably made
them the best of early music, Pro-
fessor Willan said.
Not only was choral music per-j
fected from the standpoint of form
in the middle Renaissance but the
specimens produced at that time have
never been. surpassed and probably
never will be, Professor Willan said.
Of the Renaissance artists Palestrina
stood out head and shoulders above
the rest. For a long time Palestrina
remained the best Renaissance com-
poser but finally lost his place when
he fell into the bad graces of the
Outstanding Choralists
Other outstanding choralists were
Lorenzo, who was called by his con-
tempories a "sweet swan," a master
of word painting in music, and Vit-
torio, an Spanish-Italian composer.
Professor Willan continued by' de-
ploring the recent tendency to de-
precate the work of the medieval
masters and urged that a broader at-
titude be taken toward their work.

Town And Campus To Be
Canvassed In Two-Day
Drive To Raise Funds
Summer Students
Asked To Help Out
The tag sales brigade invades Ann
Arbor today for the annual drive to
raise funds for the University Fresh
Air Camp, now in its 20th season,
Three hundred of Ann Arbor's un-
derprivileged boys will benefit from
the campaign, to be conducted both
downtown and on the campus all day
today and tomorrow. It doesn't cost
much to send a boy to camp, but the
money has to be raised somehow, and
every nickel or dime contribution
from students and townspeople will
The tag day idea operates in the
following manner: a strategically lo-
cated spots in town and campus, small
boys from the camp will be posted,
armed with buckets and fistfuls of
colored tags. The boys are very good
salesmen, and it requires a flint-
hearted individual to stroll past with-
out kicking in with a coin. Anyone
not wearing a tag conspicuously af-
ixed to his clothing is a marked man
Each boy spends one month at the
camp on Patterson Lake. While
there he enjoys good, food, plenty of
sunlight, fresh air and the whole-
some atmosphere of a well-directed
camp, which is under the charge df
George G. Alder, of the Ann Arbor
Public Schools.
The present camp site is Univer-
ity property, donated for the pur-
pose by H. B. Earhart and M. A. Ives
in 1923, after the pripciple of a fresh
air camp had been successfully estab-
But the camp needs Working cap-
ital, and it's up to the students'of
the Summer Session, as well as the
people of Ann Arbor, to help out, It
doesn't cost much-and it means a
lot to the boys.
Japs Abandon
Plans To Stage
Causes Of Dissension Die
As Prospect Of Finland
As New Site Is Visioned'
NEW YORK, July 14-4P)-The
sudden collapse of Japan's plans to
stage- the 1940 Olympis automatically
removes current causes of dissension,
notably in the United States, and
likewise paves the way for Finland, if
it desires, to take over conduct of the
next internaional games in an at-
mosphere of "Spartan simplicity."
Confirmation of belief that Helsing-
fors, capital of Finland; would have
first call as alternative site, came from
Count Henri De Baillet Latour of Bel-
gium, president of the International
Olympic Committee, less than 24
hours after Tokyo's decision to with-
Count Baillet Latour, in England,
told the Associated Press: "I have no
doubt Finland will accept. The Olym-
pies might be on a smaller scale but
they certainly will be held."
The I.O.C. executive committee, of
which Avery Brundage of Chicago is
tne American member, probably will
be called together to switch 1940
plans, as soon as formal notice of
Tokyo's withdrawal is received. Lon-
don is understood to be second choice
to Helsingfors, for the summer games.
Oslo, Norway, probably will bid for
the winter Olympics, which had been
awarded to Sapporo, Japan. Canada

also may be a bidder.
Professor Attends
Prof. John Worley of the transpor-
tation engineering department of the
College of Engineering left yesterday
afternoon to attend a meeting of the
nn atinnna 1 nmittla,. of f+l.Aarirw

morning. They were 9,700
and covered with snow."


Elliott Lectures
On Educationa

. ,vulu~l b1,- '1c 1uuQ n~b1
gh a large country with vast economic
interests, and the problem of the
Philippines has never assumed na-
tional importance, either politically or
economically. On the other hand
every Dutchman is conscious of the
problems of the Netherlands Indies,
and most families have relations

Heated Argument Is Feature
Of 'Practical Religion' Forum




W aste Problem
Explains That Education Is
Still In Pioneering Stage;
Is Necessarily Wasteful
"Pioneering in education, as in any
other field, is always a wasteful pro-
cess," Dr. Charles M. Elliott of Michi-;
gan State Normal College said yester-
day in his lecture on "Salvaging Edu-
cational Waste," given in the Univer-
sity High School Auditorium,
Dr. Elliott explained that educa-
tion is still really in a pioneering
stage, and thus it is necessarily waste-
ful. He outlined a brief history of edu-
cation in this country to further il-
lustrate his point.
Under the first known methods,
children gathered at the feet of some
learned old lady and paid her a penny
or so for each day's lesson, Dr. Elliott
said. These schools were known as
"dame schools," and were later re-
placed by the Lancastrian, or moni-
tor system, which has developed into

France Will Keep Democracy
Alive In Europe, Koella Says,

France, as the power that has kept
the Spanish and Czechoslovakian re-,
publics from falling before the on-
slaught of totalitarian powers, was
seen last night by Mr. Charles E.
Koella of the romance languages de-,
partment as the nation which will
keep the fire of democracy burning
in Europe.
Speaking before more than 60
members and guests of the French
Club at its special celebration of
the French National Holiday marking
the fall of the Bastille to a mob,
July 14, 1789, Mr. Koella emphasized
that had it not been for the firm
stand which France took against the
totalitarian powers in Spain and
Czechoslovakia in the face of Bri-
tain's turpitude, both countries would
long since have fallen before the
armed might-of dictator and would-

meddles in the fortunes of Europe.
attempting to maintain a precarious
balance of power, to protect he own,
selfish interests.
France, however, Mr. Koella sees as
a bulwark of democracy, furthering
through her nationalistic philosophy
of life, its natural progress and thus
the progress of civiliation.
/ The French, he emphasized, al-
though not a biologically pure race
are psychologically pure. Their na-
tional unity was reached at the time'
of Joan of Arc in the late 15th cen-
tury while Germany had to wait for
her Bismarck and Italy for her Gari-
baldi. Through the long years of
their national unity the French have
developed within themselves a defin-
itely French train of thpught and
mode of living, with their "feet plant-
ed firmly in their native soil." Their

A heated argument on whether a
"worthy goal and an adequate mo-
tivation enlisting all one's devotion"
or the "supernatural concept of God
and mystical relations" were the es-
sentials of religious behavior was
the highlight of the forum on prac-
tical religion yesterday in Room 318
of the Michigan Union, according to
Edward W. Blakeman, chairman of
the 'forum.
Dr. David M. Trout, professor of
psychology at Central Teachers Col-
lege, presented the proposition that
the first two elements were universal
to all religions and that they did
not, in his mind, refute or impede
an aspiration to a high metaphysical
religious definition.
The Rev. W. P. Lemon of the First
Presbyterian Church of Ann Arbor, a
member of the panel, claimed on the
other hand that "behavior with a
social goal as its object" is not truly
religious behavior for it is too con-
fining a definition of the matter.
He asserted that this definition of the
religious behavior concept is merely
saying religion is just sociology. Rev-
erend Lemon feels that truly religious
behavior in addition to a social goal
must be amplified with a knowledge
~f ! r non "rn

Addresses Conference

The Reverend Edwin Wilson,
guest minister of the Unitarian
Church, addresses the Religious
Conference today on "The Church
as a Community Agent."

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