THE MICHIGAN DAILY
THURSDAY, JULY 22, 1931
FOUU THURSDAY, JULY 2~, iRSI
Ku Klux Klan Warns Negroes When Fiery Crosses Burn
Saline Farms Rooters For White Sox, Tigers
To Be Visited Curious About These Yanks
Torn Up When
Gaping Hole, Eight Feet
By Five Feet, Opened By
An early morning explosion, caused
by a short circuit in an underground
electric power line igniting accumu-
lated sewer gas, yesterday ripped
open a sewer manhole opposite the
Intramural Building on E. Hoover St.
Though hundreds of southside resi-
dents were awakened by the first, and
four lesser blasts, no accidents re-
The force of the blasts at 1:30
a.m. blew the cover and roof of the
manhole, throwing chunks of pave-
ment 100 feet, and leaving a gaping
hole eight feet long, five feet wide,
and four feet deepin the street.
Bits of th flying pavement broke
two windows in the Intramural
Residents a quarter-mile distance
heard the initial explosion which
they said shook the foundations of
their houses. Damage done by the
detonation was estimated at $800 by
C. B. Sharp, supervisor of under-
ground construction for the Detroit
Edison Co. The loss may be greater,
he said, if investigation shows dam-
age to the power line ducts leading
from the manhole.
Mr. Sharp was not able to give an
explanation of the short circuit in
the line carrying 24,000 volts.
An investigation yesterday by the
Washtenaw Gas Co. disclosed no
leakage of the firm's manufactured
gas, but indicated traces of sewer
gas in either direction from the blast
scene, according to C. M. Shankland,
secretary of the company.
Detection of the odor of sewer gas
in the Intramural Building led to the
belief ,by gasmen that the gas had
been driven back into the building by
the burst, caused by accumulation
in the manhole after having prob-
ably traveled along underground con-
Electric sevice was only temporar-
ily effected by the blast, power being
quickly reestablished on a parallel
The roof of the manhole was blown
to bits and the framework pushed
aside. . That no accidents resulted
from the bursting manhole was at-
tributed to the early hour of the de-1
Tea Dance Is Given
By Southern Club
To Tune Of Zwick
By Sthur Takken
The Southern Club, composed of
Summer Session students whose
homes or origin are below the Mason
and Dixon line, sponsored its first
tea dance yesterday. Attendance was
greater than at any previous tea
dance this summer.
Charlie Zwick and his orchestra
3ooperated even to the extent of play-
ing a "Paul Jones" dance, in con-
formity with Southern custom. Club
members were successful in efforts to
acquaint those present with each
Jane Barc occupied the attention
of Jack Smiley. Phyllis Miner was
seen with Phil Newman, and Fred
Eoffmneister with Margery Erb.
Hope Hartwig, president of the
League, wore a dress of deep crimson
and white. She was escorted by Jack
Croft. Jean Geyer and Ted Grace
were also present.
Jack Airey was seen dancing with
Blythe Miller, who wore a red print
formal and a dark blue turban. Ted
Ashby and Mary Libby were present
Jerry Baron with Jessie Lee, and
Eileen Youngdahl with Ed Wetter
were seen near the refreshment table,
where punch was served.
Dancers were identified by tags
bearing their names and home states.
Patronesses were Mrs. Fielding H.
Yost, Mrs. James B. Edmonson and
Mrs. Warren Good.
The following women, all members
of the club, acted as assistants: Lu-
cille Going, Georgia; Dorothy Olsen,
Texas; Mary Green Johnson, Ken-
tucky; Mildred Sink, Texas; Ethel
Peaslee, West Virginia; Frances Skul-
ley, Mississippi; Josephine Allens-
worth, Louisiana; Margaret Friend,
Tennessee; Ivalita Glascock, Mich-
igan; Margaret Cooper, Texas; Car-
olyn Newberry, Kentucky; and Wilma
McIsaac, West Virginia.
The club will sponsor a picnic next
Wednesday at Portage Lake. Mem-
bers will meet at 4 p.m. in front of
Hill Auditorium, where transportation
will be provided. Those who expect
to attend are asked to call E. Ham-
mernick, secretary of the club, whose
telephone number is 6640.
Harold Gray Who Began
Cooperative Farms, Will
Sahne Valley Farms, cooperative
farming venture, set up six years ago
by Harold Gray, and located 15 miles
south of Ann Arbor, will be visited
Saturday by all Summer Session stu-
NEW YORK.-(P)-It's dollars to1
doughnuts now on the American
league race-and even those odds are:
as liberal as a handout from Santa
What started out as a possiblel
close pennant chase appears to have'
become just another pushover for
the New York Yankees. What they
did last year with the breaks, they're
duplicating now without .'em.
From what has been going on in
recent weeks, there doesn't seem to
be another outfit in sight that can
weeks, the sharpshooting of Iron
Horse Lou Gehrig, and the extra-
base barrage of Jolting Joe Di Mag-
gi, who is having a better year as a
sophomore than he enjoyed as a
freshman, are making mince-meat
of American league pitching talent.
Whether it's intentional or not
isn't known, but Gehrig, now near-
ing the 1,900 mark in his consecutive
game playing streak, seems to have
given up the homer-hammering
idea in favor of less distance and
dents wishing to make the trip, it was ! come within a mile of the New York
announced yesterday by Harold swat stars.
more hits of all
He's clouted less
park so far this;
out of the
warn against med-
Ku Klux Klan members in full regalia burned fiery crosses at St. Petersburg, Fla., to
dung with negro vote in municipal election. Police watched from the background.
Will China Fight Japan? Answer Rests
Soley With Chiang Kai-Shek, Dictator
Vaughn, manager, who spoke on
aspects of the farm at the Unitarian
Automobiles will leave the Uni-
tarian Church at 2 p.m. Saturday.
Persons desiring transportation
should call 3085, Mr. Vaughn said.
Guests may remain at the farm for
recreation and a picnic supper, if
they wish, he indicated.
The manager will conduct the tour
through the various industries run
in connection with the enterprise-
the canning factory, hatchery and
The farm was established by Mr.
Gray to demonstrate the feasibility of!
the cooperative idea applied to pro-
ducing units. He is particularly in-
terested in the increased "human val-
ues" involved in the experiment, ac-
cording to Mr. Vaughn.
but last year he was known to have
had eight batteries of 150-millimeter
heavy artillery described as equal in
effectiveness to any movable ordnance
in the world.
While his air force is untried, last
year he had 300 modern war planes
and expected to add several dozen
long-range U. S. bombers capable of
punishing Japanese industrial cen-
So Chiang, once more facing the
question, "Is it time really to fight
back?" need not worry about man-
power and perhaps does not worry
His decision must rest to a great
extent upon how far his unification
program has been successful.k
In the first place, they're making
a gayer hitting holiday (for them-
selves) of this season's race than theIy
did of last year's, leading their own
record mark for home run produc-
In the second place, they're breez-
ing alone on an ever-widening lead
in the American league, despite the
fact that to date they haven't once
had their squad at full strength, due
to assorted ailments, injuries and
early season holdouts.
Add to that the fact that they're
getting far better pitching, particu-
larly by come-backing Lefty Gomez,
to back up their fence-busting. Go-
mez, snapping back to form after a
poor season last year, is making a
hot bid not only for one of his best
years, but also for the league's
earned-run mark for the campaign.
Along with him, Charley (The Red)
Ruffing, who made a late start be-
cause of his holdout, and Monte
Pearson, back in form again after a
sore arm layoff, both look, at this
writing, to be 20-game winners be-
fore the final put-out next October:
If anything, the slaughter squad
is more murderous than ever at the
plate. Although they've been miss-
ing their outfield ace, George Sel-
kirk, out with an injury for several
for the same period, he was already
past the 20-mark.
New Home Run King
In his place, Di Maggio, leading
both leagues in round-trip belts, is
taking over the long distance produc-
tion, closely followed by Selkirk and
Battering Bill Dickey.
The tip-off on the Yankees, al-
though brought into the open by the
way they took ' the all-star game
apart, came during the first 21/2
months of the campaign.
All girls interested in serving as
assistants at either the Friday or
Saturday night dances are asked to
call Jeanne Geyer at 7117 or Phyllis
Miner at 23281.
Thurs. - Fri. - Sat.
Will China really go to war with
The answer depends pretty much
on Chiang Kai-Shek, once a poor
Chinese laborer, now China's boss.
For years the 51-year-old head of
China's one-party government has
been preparing for war; several times
Chinese Generals have tried to force
him into it. But always Chiang has
spoken softly-waited for the shadow
of his Big Stick to grow longer.
The hostilities at Peiping did not
catch him unprepared. But is he pre-
pared enough to determine for once
and for all the outcome of Japan's
adventure on the Asiatic mainland?
Recent history indicates that Japan
cannot force his hand, even by grab-
bing another piece of Chinese terri-
Chiang's tactics for the last decade
would be called "weaseling" in the
United States. He merely stood by
while Japan took Manchuria, added
the province of Jehol and penetrated
When Japanese sailors and soldiers
attacked Shanghai, he let the Can-
tonese Nineteenth Route Army de-
fend the city--did not throw his
own forces into the conflict.
When Cantonese generals rebelled
early last summer and marched
northward toward Chiang's strong-
hold at Nanking, demanding that he
stop Japanese aggression, he again
spoke softly. When the young mar-
shal, Chang Hsueh-Liang kidnaped
him last winter, demanding that Nan-
king fight Japan, Chiang took no ac-
tiQn beyond seeing that his captor was
Don't Be Hasty
Yet through it, all he has strength-
ened his hold on China.
The reason he and his nationalist
government have won even while
China as a whole has seemed to be
losing lies in his credo of "China for
the Chinese," with the unexpressed
proviso, "But let's not be hasty about
When Chiang set out from Canton
11 years ago, he might have been just
another Chinese general out to start
just another civil war.
But soon the world heard he was
fighting to unify China. His expedi-
tionary force established a nationalist
government at Hankow. A year later,
following the capture -of Shanghai, he
broke with his Soviet Russian advisers
and set up a rival regime at Nan-
In 1928 he became generalissimo of
the nationalist forces. Then he set
the north, and occupied the Peking
out against war lords still farther to
area. With the capture of Peking, the
name of China's old capital was
changed to Peiping, and the military
stage of the revolution was ended,
theoretically. Actually, however, Chi-
ang found his struggle for unification
Curbs War Lords
Manchuria went to Japan; Outer
Mongolia to Russia. The Japanese
continued to edge southward. Critics
said that Chiang didn't care-even
that he might have a secret agree-
ment with Tokyo. His friends said
"Wait and see."
Events seem to have vindicated
his friends. China lost territory, but
was better able to care for the rest.
Instead of fighting Japan, or Russia,
Chiang concentrated on China's own
war lords and almost-independent
governors, curtailing their power or
oringing them within Nanking's fold.
He fought illiteracy and the opium
curse, sought to reform the currency.
He has built hundreds of schools and
hospitals, encouraged new industries,
improved farming methods.
He has brought distant provinces
more closely under his control by
organizing airlines, increasing high-
way mileage five-fold, adding several
thousand miles of railways, and op-
erating a radio station at Nanking
to which millions listen.
Relies Strongly On Wife
He is the world's only dictator who
puts any considerable trust in a
woman. One of the few oriental
leaders to have been trained in the
Orient, he has listened attentively to
the advice of his pretty and brilliant
Thurs. - Fri. - Sat.
While Chiang's chief weapons for
unification rave been patience, com-
promise and persuasion, he foresaw
they would be of no lasting value
against enemies from without. So
he has built up a great modern army.
The troops under his command a
year ago were estimated at half a
million-well-trained and well-equip-
ped. If provincial war lords sup-
ported him, he probably could count
on another quarter-million. Because
of compulsory military training, his
reserves may number millions.
His forces are equipped with rifles,
hand grenades, machine guns and
trench mortars, made in China but
modeled on European and Japanese
Built Up Air Force
In artillery he probably is weaker,
0. D. Morrll
314 SOUTH STATE STREET
727 North University
727 North University
,____ ____- _.___ -,id
Thurs. - Fri. - Sat.
III ii !