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August 17, 1937 - Image 1

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Text
Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1937-08-17

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The Weather
Continued warm; possible
showers tomorrow.

C, 1 40 r

mit igan

:43att .

Editorials
Remedying An
Old Problem ...

I

Official Publication Of The Summer Session
VOL. XLVI. No. 43 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, AUG. 17. 1937

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Friction Starts
Over Black's
Confirmation
To HighCourt
Dietrich, Burke Almost
Reach Blows In Bitter
Senate Quarrel
Committee Favors
Nomination, 13 To 4
WASHINGTON, Aug. 16.-()-A
fist fight almost broke out among
Senators today when critics of Sen-
ator Hugo L. Black's nomination to
the Supreme Court began a vigorous,
but concededly hopeless, battle to
prevent Senate confirmation.
Tempers flared to white heat in
the Senate Judiciary Committee be-
fore that group voted, 13 to 4, to ap-
prove the nomination without the
public hearings demanded by the op-
ponents.
Senators Clash
A clash between Senators Dieterich
(Dem., Ill.) and Burke (Dem., Neb.)
culminated when the latter charged
physically upon the bulky Dieterich,
only to be restrained by other Sen-
ators.
Burke had proposed that the com-
mittee summon Black before it for
questioning on his Constitutional
views, and about his seizure of private
telegrams when he was head of the
Senate lobby investigators.
Angrily Dieterich, without men-
tioning names, had declared that
committee members had attempted
to "besmirch" Black in the news-
papers by trying to link'him with cer-
tain organizations. There had been
reports that Senators might seek to
determine whether Black was once
supported by the Ku Klux Klan.
Fight Is Renewed
After the committee session, the
fight was renewed on the Senate
floor where opponents declared that
Black cannot legally sit on the Su-
preme Court bench. They argued
that Congress, in passing an act
under which Justice Van Devanter
retired (but still remains a member
of the Court), really created a tenth
justiceship.
Black cannot fill that post, they
argued, because the Constitution for-,
bids a member of Congress to take
a position he helped to create. Black's
supporters strenuously disputed this
contention.
Leaders of the opposition publicly
admitted defeat in advance. Never-
theless, they clung to their plans
for a series of speeches when the
nomination actually comes before the
Senate tomorrow. They predicted one
to two gays debate before a vote is
taken.
Republicans Won't Wait
Meanwhile, three Republican Sen-
ators, Steiwer of Oregon, White of.
Maine and Bridges of New Hamp-
shire, declined to wait until the nom-
ination is brought up formally, and,
a few hours after the committee had
acted, began expressing their oppo-
sition on the floor.
White and Steiwer expressed the
view that Black is legally ineligible.
Bridges was unsparing in his crit-
icism of the judiciary committee for
not holding hearings.
"We are not considering Senator
Black as a United States Senator but
as a nominee to the highest judicial
tribunal in the nation," he said. "His
public record, his public acts are a
matter of public interest and the
public has a right to be heard."
Senator Barkley (Dem., Ky.), ma-
jority leader, joined other Demo-
crats in questioning Bridges.

Mar yanna Chocidey,
Now Policewoman,
Loses Her First Case
Maryanna Chockley, '37. of Delta
Gamma sorority and now a Detroit
policewoman, was one down in her
flight against crime today, despite her
training as chairman of the League
Judiciary Council last year.
Appearing in Recorder's Court yes-
terday to testify that Mrs. Colla Kra-
mer had told her fortune for a $5
fee In the Temple of Light, at Led-
yard St. and Second Blvd., she heard
Judge John P. Scallen rule that the
act did not constitute a violation of
the state law.
Only when the fortune teller, uses
cards, tokens or goes into a trance
does he violate the law Judge Scallen

Witness Describes Feelings Of
Americans At Shanghai Scene

(EDITOR'S NOTE: In 1931 Elizabeth
Lantry, a Kansas City, Mo., girl, mar-
ried Morris J. Harris and went with
him to China, whore he is Associated
Press Shanghai bureau chief. Today
she boarded the first tender of the
S. S. President Taft with 200 Amer-
ican women and children refugees.
Before the tender started it was under
fire. Mrs. Harris took the round trip
and sent home this story.)
By ELIZABETH LANTRY HARRIS
SHANGHAI, Aug. 16.-(P)--I took
a round trip today on the tender
which carried the first 200 American
women and children refugees out of
Shanghai. It was a frightening, war-
time journey.
Before the tender started, several
splinters of shrapnel pierced the deck
and fell into a cabin crowded with
refugees, but luckily no one Was hurt.
We had been awaiting the arrivall
of a naval guard when seven Chinese
planes swooped down and sent us
scurrying to the cabin. Anti-aircraft
guns crashed and bombs exploded so
terrifically that they seemed to be al-
most upon us.
The women, some of whom carried
tiny children, were frantic. They
cried, but none of them screamed.
As soon as the bombardment was
over, sailors from the U.S.S. Augusta
arrived and ordered all women and
children to go down two decks, where
we were virtually shut in. Then the
boat got under way.
Throughout the trip downstream
we heard continuous firing. To keep
us calm, sailors handed out sand-
wiches and apples and talked cheer-
fully. When we arrived at the Pres-
ident Taft we were greeted with lusty
cheers.
Near the steamer, there were four-
Signals Spur
Hunt For Lost
Russian Plane

teen Japanese warships. One group
of refugees boarded the President
Taft. Among them were a few men.
I waved goodbye to my nephew, who
was on his way home to America.
Off Woosung, five Japanese vessels
lined up in a row were shelling con-
tinuously in the direction of the Chi-
nese civic center at Kiangwan. The
shells started a number of fires.
From reports we had heard in
Shanghai I had expected to see the
Whangpoo River front virtually in
ruins, but there appeared to be com-
paratively little damage. Instead of
being destroyed, the Chinese Jukong
docks were scarcely harmed.
One Japanese mill was practically
destroyed, but a deserted summer-
house colony was seemingly intact.
There were only a few passengers
on the way back-mostly Chinese
returning to Shanghai from Hong-
kong.
Summer Band
Concert Held
HereToday
Hill Auditorium Event Is
To Start At 8:30 P.M.;
Public Invited
The University of Michigan Sum-
mer Session Band, under the direc-
tion of Prof. William D. Revelli, will
give a concert at 8:30 p.m., Tuesday,
August 17, in Hill Auditorium, to
which the general public is invited.
They will open the program with
the overture "Holiday," by Leidzen,
to be followed by "Suite" by Handel.
Its movements are: "Sarabande,"
"Minuet from Sonata No. 2," "Bou-
ree," "Lascia Ch'io Pianga," from
"Rinaldo,"and "March from Sonata
No. 4."
"Russian Sailor's Dance," from
"The Red Poppy," by Gliere; and
"Second Norwegian Rhapsody," by
Christiansen, will follow. "Woodwind
Quintet," by Onslow, will be played
by Lee Chrisman, flute, Charles Gil-
bert, oboe, Arthur Suchow, clarinet,
Vlasta P. Shumate, bassoon, and Jo-
seph White, French horn. The move-
ments of the quintet are Allegro non
troppo," "Andante," and "Allegro
Spirituoso."
The hest of the program consists
of "Cachucha," from the suite "In
Malaga," by Curzon; "Nocturne,"
from "Two American Sketches," by
Griselle; "Mardi Gras," from- the
"Mississippi Suite," by Ferde Grofe;
and "Manx Tone Poem; Mannin

'Daughters Of
Atreus' Opens
Here Toni*4rht
Turney's Condensation Of
Cycle Is Players' Last
Summer Offering
Agamemnon-Elektra
Tragedies Are Basis
The Repertory Players will present
the final play of their ninth Summer
Season, Robert Turney's condensa-
tion of the Greek tragedies of the
Agamemnon-Elketra cycle, "Daugh-
ters of Atreus," starting today and
continuing through Thursday in the
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre. The
play will be presented only three eve-
nings instead of. the usual four. Cur-
tain will be at 8:30 p.m.
Turney's drama retells the entire
story of the eight fate plays com-
prising the cycle, from the sacrifice
of Iphegenia to the murder of Kly-
taimnestra by Orestes. The view-
point of the author is one of sym-
pathy for the women of the House
of Atreus, chief of whom is Kly-
taimnestra, the devoted mother who
turns assassin when her husband al-
lows the sacrifice of their daughter,
Iphregenia. Orestes, her son, re-
turns from the. Trojan war, however,
to confront his mother with her crime
and to slay her in turn to revenge
his father, allowing the fiery words
of his sister Elektra to outweigh the
pleas of Klytaimnestra, who desires
to save him the remorse she knows
will overtake him.
The author rationalizes the whole
great tragedy, presenting the famous
figures of the Greek original in real-
istic and sympathetic light.
Claribel Baird will play the part of
Klytaimnestra in the Repertory pro-
duction, while Sarah Pierce will en-
act Elektra. Others in the cast will
include Nancy Bowman as Polymia,
William Rice as Agamemnon, Mary
Pray as Iphegenia, Charles Maxwell
as Orests, Ralph Bell as Achilles,
and Raymond Pederson as Kalchas.i
"Daughters of Atreus" will bring to
a close the most economically suc-
cessful season in the Players' history.
Out of 29 performances, 26 have
been completely sold out, accordingi
to Prof. Carl G. Brandt of the speech
department, business manager for the
Players.
State Veterans
Not Split Over
Labor - Capital
DETROIT, Aug. 16.-(A')--Carl C.
Matheny, chairman of the State
American Legion convention resolu-
tions committee, denied today the
organization was divided in its opin-
ion on the labor question.
Said Matheny:
"The time honored position of the

Local Chinese

Wire resident IS a
And Congress TrosMa oT

More U.

S. Shins,

Ask That Neutrality Act Chinese
Not Be Invoked In War
In East
Japan Withdraws
Nye Also Informed
of Club's Opinion Consuls Andoses
Embassy In China

W W I s-

By CLINTON B. CONGER
Officers of the Chinese Students
Club announced last night that they
were sending one telegram to Presi-
dent Roosevelt, Secretary of State
Cordell Hull, and members of Con-
gress, and another to Sen. George
P. Nye, (Rep., N. Dak.) head of the
munitions committee, asking them
not to invoke the Neutrality Act in
the current Sino-Japanese conflict.
"We respectfully request the United
States government, that initiated the
Nine Power Treaty; to assume the
moral responsibility under the treaty
and declare the invading power an
aggressor," the other message urged.
In no place was Japan mentioned by
name.
Hayden Explains
According to Prof. Joseph R. Hay-
den, head of the political science de-
partment, the Nine Power Treaty, ne-
gotiated at Washington in 1922 and
including Japan and China among
the signatories, calls for peaceful set-
tlement of differences between the
signatories wherever possible by con-
ference of all nine signatories and all
other interested powers, rather than:
armed conflict.
The text of the Nye telegram said:
"The Chinese Student Association
of North America begs to enlist your
support in the cause of justice and
fair play. While it is important to
prevent the United. States from be-
ing involved abroad and munitions
manufacturers from profiteering at
;his moment, any action that is likely
to injure the Chinese defenders will
enrich the warlike aggressor with the
vast resources and huge man power
of China. The spectacle of a young
republic desperately fighting for its
existence against a militaristic op-
pressor has no doubt won the sym-
pathy of impartial friends. To in-
voke the Neutrality Act at this mo-
ment will seriously affect the Chinese
defense and indirectly aid the invad-
ers. May we request you, instead of
this, to urge upon your government
the honest and honorable course of
declaring the invader an aggressor.
The four hundred million Chinese
people in their life and death struggle
will feel the bitterest disappointment
and grief if the United States should
take an action to help the aggressor
and injure the endangered China."
Telegraph President
The telegram to President Roose-
velt said in part:
"We respectfully request the United
(Continued on Page 3)
Books Wanted
To Aid Needy
Students Here

TOKYO, Aug. 17.-(Tuesday)-(P)
-Japan ordered its embassy at Nan-
king closed and its consuls through-
out China withdrawn today. Officials
said that it was "not yet known"
whether this constituted severance of
diplomatic relations with China.
Foreign Minister Koki Hirota in-
structed Change d'Affaires Shinto-
kuro Hidaka at the Chinese capital
to close the embassy buildings and
depart with his staff, presumably for
Shanghai, at the first opportunity.
The ambassador to China, Shigeru
Kawagoe, is in Shanghai. He has not
been in Nanking since the Sino-Jap-
anese conflict began July 7.
Japanese officials withdrawal from
Nanking may be difficult since river
traffic has been suspended by the clos-
ing of the lower Yangtze to all ship-
ping by the Chinese and railway serv-
ice to Shanghai has been suspended
by troop movements.
All Japanese residents were in-
structed to withdraw at once from
Canton, in southern Kwangtung
Province, and Tsinanfu and Chefoo,
in Shantung.
Rebel Advance
On Santander
Gains Impetus

Soviet Government
Weak Messages
Been Received

States
Have

Loyalist Army
Before Bomb
Retreats

Crumbles
Barrage;

FAIRBANKS, Alaska, Aug. 16.-(')
-Threatening weather over the vast
Arctic wastes where six Russian
transpolar fliers are missing tem-
porarily delayed a searching flight
today by Jimmy Mattern, American
ace who owes his life to one of the
Soviet airmen.
Mattern, who sped non-stop yester-
day over the 2,600 miles here from
Oakland, Calif., continued prepara-
tions to join the hunt as soon as
weather conditions permitted.
FAIRBANKS, Alaska, Aug. 16.-
(IP)-Ice caps of the Arctic echoed the
roar of rescue planes today as the

search for six Russian fliers gained Veen," by Wood.
new impetus from reports that radio
signals had been received from their Lindbergh's
missing airliner.
From both sides of the North Pole, Has BirthdayT
aviators converged on the winter- s
ridden area in which pilot Sigismund
Levaneffsky and five companions WEALD, Eng., Aug. 16.-
were believed forced down. Lindbergh, a healthy little l
The latest message to be attributed likes to climb trees and wad
to their plane was received by the father's pond, was five ye
Soviet government radio station at today.
Irkutsk, Siberia. The Soviet Em- He spent the day in the r
bassy at Washington said that at 3:23 old Kentish house where he li
a.m. (EST) today radio signals "of his mother and father an
a weak and irregularly working trans- brother. His father was awa
mitter" were heard at Irkutsk on the Ever since his parents, sadd
lost craft's frequency, and that "there the kidnaping and death of th
is strong belief the signals actually son, Charles A. Lindbergh, J
came from the plane." to England on the blusteryl
No message known definitely to of December, 1935, they have
have come from the lost plane has deep seclusion.
bee rcevedrsimcehotlaterhes Not even a garrulous trades
been received since shortly afte L-day would tell whether little
vaneffsky reported at 5:40 a.m. (EST)aywirt ellrepart
Friday. He said then a damaged oil townspeople cooperate whole
line had disabled one of the plan'es ly with the efforts of the Li
four Diesel motors.lth hedpfforty h
Jimmy Mattern, noted American to avoid publicity.
flier who was rescued by LevaneffskyS
after a forced landing in Siberia four Am azing Sag
from Oakland, Calif.,-the Russian Unfolded
fliers' ultimate goal. Mattern said he
would take up the search immediately
and remain in the area as long as By ROBERT I. FITZHEr
there was hope for the Russians. Fantastic is the story of D
A. Vartanian, Soviet representative, T. Bradbury of the Univers
took off from Juneau on the second pital whose work with patient
leg of a flight from Seattle to Fair- decided sex has unfolded a sa
banks, where he will direct the search. akin to the imagery of an H.t
Two Russian ice breakers and sev- novel than to 20th centuryI
eral planes from Moscow were re- bor. .
ported already en route to the area The highly publicized
being searched. Others in the hunt Doubka, dapper Czechos
included Alaska's far-famed "Mercy" gentleman who once establ
pilot, Joe Crosson, and two Alaska woman's Olympic track rec
Airways' fliers, S. E. Robbins and Mark Weston, English girl
Murray Stewart. who later married a former
The U.S. Signal Corps officers in companion, have nothing ont
Seattle checked their Alaska stations which University hospital has
- 1- - .. i. t -, 1- - .,...1_3 _._ r + trnilr a m

on
oday
-(A)-Jon
boy who
e in his
ears old

HENDAYE, Franco-Spanish Fron-
tier, Aug. 16.-(P)-The Insurgent
Northern war machine drove through
crumbling Government resistance'
and swept past Reinosa today toward.
Santander, about 40 miles beyond.
If Insurgent Generalissimo Fran-
cisco Franco captures Santander,
Northwest of Reinosa and the Gov-
ernment's last port on the Bay of
Biscay, he will have "completed his
campaign in Northwest Spain.
Insurgent forces then would dom-
inate such ports as Bilbao, Irun, San
Sebastian and Santander. They
would hold the province of Santander
eastward through the Basque prov-
inces. Their naval patrol would
blockade the remaining Government-
held coast, and their powerful North-
ern Army would be free to turn to
other war zones.
Franco's aviation and artillery
duplicated today their methods in
battering Bilbao's "iron ring" de-
fenses, combining in a fierce day-
long bombardment of the Govern-
ment's concrete Santander defenses.
Military witnesses said the rain of
projectiles from Franco's massed
squadrons ofrbombing planes alone
was one of the heaviest of the civil
war. Thousands of tons of explo-
sives, they said, screeched into the
Government lines from the air.

War Zone'
Start Evacuation Of 4,000
American Nationals Out
Of ShanghaiArea
Roosevelt Confers
With High Officials
SHANGHAI, Aug. 17.--(Tues-
day) -(P)-- More than 1,000
American and British refugees
set out this morning in frail ten-
ders for a perilous journey up
the Whangpoo River to the sea,
endangered by falling shells from
embattled Japanese warships.
WASHINGTON, Aug. 16.-()-
High officials are discussing the pos-
sibility of rushing reinforcements to
China to protect American Nation-
als in the undeclared war there, it
was indicated tonight.
This word circulated after Presi-
dent Roosevelt held an unheraded
conference with high-ranking Army
and Navy officers. Present at the
parley were General Malin Craig,
Army chief of staff; and Rear-Ad-
miral James O. Richardson, acting
chief of naval operations. Secretary
of State Hull and Stanley K. Horn-
beck, chief of the Far Eastern divi-
sion of the State Department; also
called at the Executive Mansion.
No Comments
While none of them would com-
ment afterward, it was hinted strong-
ly that the question of reinforce-
inents was being discussed. Some of-
ficials were reported to have contend-
ed that to order complete evacua-
tion of Americans now without addi-
tional protection would mean virtual
abandonment of the Nationals be-
cause of the great number there and
the time required for the operation.
Americans in Shanghai number 4,-
000, while there are many in other
sections. The American Marines at
Shanghai total 1,050 although the
number of American soldiers, sail-
ors and marines in or near the whole
trouble zone has been estimated at
about 7,000.
SHANGHAI, Aug. 17.-()-Shrap-
nel periled American women and
children today as the United States
began evacuation of 4,000 citizens
from the heart of the gigantic Shang-
hai battlefield.
Overhead raged the mightiest aer-
ial fight the Orient ever has seen. In
the harbor Chinese and Japanese
were locked in the first naval engage-
ment of the War of 1937.
On land upward of 150,000 troops
were in combat designed by the
Chinese to drive the invaders back
into the sea and intended by the
Japanese as a desperate attempt to
change their positions from a peri-
lous foothold into a solid base of op-
erations.
'Suicide Destroyer' Sunk
A Chinese "suicide destroyer" was
sunk by Japanese naval guns today
after it had torpedoed the big cruis-
er Idzumo, flagship of Japan's Third
Battle Fleet.
Chinese attacked the Japanese fleet
in the Whangpoo with everything
they had-planes, land batteries, and
finally the tiny "suicide destroyers"
armored, high-speed motorboats
carrying a crew of six and two tor-
pedoes each.
Extent of the damages to the tor-
pedoed Idzumo could not be learned
immediately as newspapermen were
barred from the vicinity.
After the torpedoing she floated
a quarter of a mile downstream from
her anchorage in front of the Japan-
ese Consulate General and was an-
chored at Hunt's Wharf at 2:40 a.m.

Local Men To Be At
Papyrology Meet
Several members of the faculty,
and other men that have received
degrees from the University will take
part in the fifth International Con-
gress of Papyrology to be held from
Aug. 30 until Sept. 3 4t Oxford,
England.
Prof. Henry A. Sanders of the Latin
department and H. C. Utey, research
assistant in papyrology, will deliver

Legion is to preserve an attitude of
yes with strict neutrality in any question in-
d baby volving capital and labor.
y todayA. n important part of the Legion
dened by preamble is the dedication of the or-
heir first ganization to maintaining law and
r., came order. The 32,000 meipbers of the
last day American Legion in Michigan are in-
lived in terested solely in seeing that the
orderly processes of government are
man to- continued in the state and nation.
Jon had "No indication has arisen in this
y. The convention which would lead to er-
hearted- roneous rumors that any difference
ndberghs of opinion exists among Michigan
Legionnaires."
a Of Changing Sex
Before Dr. Bradbury

Volumes May Be
In At Any Of
Libraries

Turned
Branch

NRY
r. James
ity hos-
ts of un-
ga more
G. Wells'
Ann Ar-
Zdenka'
lovakian
lished a
ord, and
athlete
r female
the cases'
s record-

for observation. There followed a
weird story but the evidence was in-
confutable. Medical authorities ex-
amined, X-rayed, consulted case his-
tories, scratched their heads and fi-
nally proclaimed the patient a
woman.
Another patient, not long ago, came
to the hospital for a major opera-
tion. Also in the thirties, this indi-
vidual had been baptized a female
and had worn dresses ever since. Doc-
tors soon agreed, however that the
patient was a male.
Somewhat similar is the case of a
nine-year-old child who came under

Books to be contributed to the text P a s a B l
book lending library for needy stu-F ass Tax Bill
dents may be left at any branch of
the University library service, in ac- B Unanimous
cordance with arrangements made by
Dr. William W. Bishop, director of
the library science department and Vote In H ouse
member of the faculty committee in
charge of the project.
The text-book library plan was in- G.O.P. Members Criticize
troduced last semester by a commit-
tee headed of Prof. Erich A. Walter of President Roosevelt And
the English department, A number Family
of book contributions were accepted
during the closing days of the term, WASHINGTON, Aug. 16.-(P)-
and the committee hopes that dona- Republican representativs jabbed at
tions from students of the Summer the Roosevelt family's tax methods
Session will make the library effective today and then joined Democrats in
for the opening'of the fall semester. passing administration legislation to
Text books of all kinds used in close tax loopholes.
University courses are needed for the A standing vote of 170 to 0 sent the
library, according to Professor Wal- tax bill to the Senate, where leaders
ter. The branch libraries are located planned fast action to dispose of the
in nearly every important University issue before next week-end.
building, including Angell Hall, Na- Although they supported the
tural Science Building, and the En- measure, Republican members of the
gineering Building. House made the debate on it an oc-
The administration of the library casion for thrusts at Democratic
will be done with great care to see spending, at tax methods allegedly
that only students in genuine need used by the President and Mrs.
are permitted the use of the books. Roosevelt, and at the returns of
Loans will be made for one semester. their eldest son. James.

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