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August 12, 1937 - Image 4

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1937-08-12

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PAGE FOUR

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

THURSDAY, AUGUST 12, 1931

PAGE FOUR THURSDAY, AUGUST 12, 1937

Red Execution
Total Mounting
In New P urge
Lags In Industry Bringing
Soviet Clean-Up Aimed
At 'Trotskyists'
MOSCOW, Aug. 11.--(1)-Death of
72 alleged railroad wreckers before
firing squads today brought to 320
the reported executions in Russia's
far eastern campaign against "Trot-
skyists."
The Irkutsk newspaper East Siber-
ian Pravda reported the shooting of
the 72.
It described the band as rightist
terrorists who operated along the
Siberian railroad for the Japanese
secret service with the aim of weak-
eningSoviet transportation in case
of war.
Charged With Wreck
The accused were charged with
causing a train wreck in which 14
persons were killed and many in-
jured among workers and their fam-
ilies who were en route to settle the
new town of Komsomol.
Concurrently, the drive continued
against "wreckers" held responsible
for failure to meet production sched-
ules in various branches of Soviet
economy.
Soviet production continues to in-
crease in volume each year, official
figures show, but it fails to keep pace
set for it and with the needs of the
union's many millions.
Tle Pacific Star, one of the leading
provincial newspapers, in reporting a
shakeup in the lumber industry, de-
clared it was "full of enemies of the
people."
Camp Managers Held

Tarred And Feathered

N ions Start
Advance Near
Nankow Pass
39th Division Of Nanking
Army Bombed As Heavy
FightingIsBegun
(Continued from Page 1)
on the outskirts of Shanghai "mean
that Japan's navy in China must 'be
increased."
The Domei (Japanese) news
agency said Japanese artillery set{
Nankow aflame after the Chinesel
89th division from Shansi province
clashed with Japanese troops.
This report said the Japanese oc-
,upied positions in the environs of
Nankow but Chinese continued stub-
bornly to hold their main entrench-
ments.
Report Japan Defeat
Unconfirmed Chinese reports per-
sisted that the Japanese had suffered
disastrously near Nankow pass in an
engagement with heavy Chinese
forces. A mechanized Japanese col-
umn, equipped with tanks, was re-
ported to have headed for the sector
yesterday.
Japanese wharves here tonight
were loaded with equipment and sup-
plies for the newly-arrived reinforce-
ments. ..
Japanese authorities stated 12 de-
stroyers and three light cruisers con-
stituted the additional force which
arrived today but foreign port offi-
cials said they counted 20, compris-
ing 15 destroyers and five light cruis-
ers.
Unconfirmed reports said that in
addition two aircraft carriers were
off Woosung, near where the Whang-
po0 flows into the Yangtze.
Fleet For Protection
Rear Admiral Rukuzo Sugiyama,
chief of staff of the third Japanese'
fleet in China waters, issued a state-
ment that "the increases in naval ef-
fectives at Shanghai does not denote
a change in the policy of a judicious
and calm attitude but recent events
in Shanghai constitute a threat to
Japanese residents."
Settlement of Monday's incident

Cubs Lose Their Spark plug, Collins

Eyes Of Nation Fixed On Coach
After Fine Record At Nebraska

Herbert Harris, 41, of New Ha-
ven, Mo., was tarred, feathered and
dumped out of an automobile at
Dallas, Tex., after he had shown
films pleading the cause of organ-
ized labor. He is shown holding his
clothing in his right hand.
Pilot Of Airliner

Jim "Rip" Collins, first baseman and sparkplug of the league-leading
Chicago Cubs, suffered a fractured ankle in the first inning' of the
opening game of the Cub-Pirate series. Dr. John F. Davis, team physii-
cian, said Collins might be out "one month or more." This picture
shows the play in which Collins was hurt as his spikes caught as he
started to slide into home plate. Todd is the Pirate catcher and Sears
the umpire. Pittsburgh won the game, 6 to 5.

AUSTIN, Texas. Aug. 11.- (P) -
Eyes of the southwest and of the na-
tion will focus this fall on the Univer-
sity of Texas, where the veteran Dana
X. Bible will endeavor to continue his
habit of turning out conference grid-
iron champions.
Nearing hid 46th birthday, "D.X."
has returned to the section where he
first gained fame-as head football
strategist at Texas A.&M. In 11sea-
sons at A.&M., which is Texas' par-
ticular athletic enemy, Bible molded
five Southwest conference cham-
pionship teams.
Definitely on the spot-Texas is
known far and wide for the frequency
with which it changes coaches-
3 Killed, 7 Injured
In Building Failure
NEW YORK, Aug. 11.- (M) -At
least three persons were killed and
seven injured when two frame dwell-
ings standing side by side in New
Brighton, Staten Island, collapsed al-
most simultaneously tonight, trap-
ping their occupants in debris and
deep water.
Police at the St. George station
said the heavy rains, which flooded
the cellars' of the two houses, were
believed to 'have undermined the
foundations, causing the structures to
fall.
They could not determine immed-
iately if, others were trapped in the
wreckage. Fire equipment was be-
ing used to pump out the cellars.
Several persons in the two houses,
each of which was occupied by one
family and possibly some roomers,
were believed to have escaped with
minor injuries.
TYPEWRITING
MIMEOGRAPHING
romptly and neatly done by exper&-
.nced operators at moderate pri-s.
0. D. MORRILL
314 South State Street

Bible gives no indication that he is
worrying.
"I'm not thinkingeabout champion-
ships this early," he claims. "But if
the school, the alumni, the coach, the
team and its supporters all work to-
gcther the. rewards will follow."
Friends of the university believe
almost to a man that the school's
pigskin fortunes are on the upgrade.
For long the usually mediocre or poor
showing of gridiron representatives
of one of the largest of state univer-
sities has been a source of acute dis-
satisfaction. They aren't expecting
Bible to work wonders this season,
but they look for steady improve-
ment. They expect squads worthy of
any foe in the next few years.
Bible's last stop was the Univer-
sity of Nebraska, where he produced
six conference titlists in eight years.
The material at Nebraska was excel-
lent, but the baldheaded mentor be-
lieves a school with the standing of
the University of Texas likewise
should attract topflight gridddrs.
LENTHERIC
PERFUMES'
* SHANGHI
* NUMERO 12
! TWEED
* GARDENIA
! DE TAHITI
! MIRACLE
* LE PIRATE
* ASPHODELE
MILLER
DRUG STORE
727 North University
Phone 9797

The manager of one camp was ar-
rested for failure to improve working
conditions, a personnel manager be-
cause he "went to pieces" and a
hiealth officer because he failed to
"liquidate" an epidemic which caused
many deaths among lumbermen's
children.
Retarded production was reported
in the automobile industry. The Gor-
ky plant at Molotoff turned out 56,-
000 trucks and 5,727 cars in six
months, against a schedule of 63,000
trucks and 9,500 cars.
One reason for Russia's production
troubles, said "For Industrialization,"
is that it apparently takes two or
three Russians to do the work of one
American.
M PUC Hears
Trucking Line
Rate Demands
LANSING, Aug. 11.-(i)-A hear-
ing on an application by Michigan
truck line operators for an increase
in motor freight rates to allow the
operators to meet demands of their
drivers closed today before the state
public utilities commission.
The hearing was rushed through in
two days to give the commission time
to reach a decision before expiration,
Aug. 17, of a 30-day truce that halted
a statewide strike.
Glenwood C. Fuller, chairman of
the commission, asked the Michigan
Interstate Motor Tariff Bureau to
prepare a report on the type of emer-
gency relief they would desire.
The request was taken by some
witnesses to indicate the commission
was leaning favorably toward truck-
er's requests for a minimum charge
equal to first class freight rate on 100
pound shipments and a five cent pick-
up and delivery charge for every 100
pounds on all shipments of 3,000
pounds or less.

still was not in sight. The Japanese
who were killed, Sub.-Lieut. Siao Oh-
yama and Seaman Yozo Saito, were
promoted posthumously today.
Japanese consular officials coun-
seled Japanese residents here to
"maintain a calm attitude while au-
thorities seek a settlement."
The incident occurred at the en-
trance to the Hungjao military air-
drome. Chinese charged the Japan-
ese officer opened fire while Japanesel
asserted Chinese guards fired without
provocation.
Evacuation of Japanese from the
Yangtze Valley continued. The de-
parture of consular officials marked
complete withdrawal from HankowI
while Japanese in communities closerI
to Shanghai, including Soochow andI

Hangchow, joined the rush to this
city en route to Japan.
Simultaneously with reports of
hostilities at Nankow Pass, Chinese
charged Japanese regulars in South-
ern Chahar were moving toward Sui-
yuan, province to the east of Cha-
har, and alleged that Japanese south
of Tientsin had "suffered reverses
when they sought to move to the
south."
Vernacular newspapers insisted
there was little prospect of negotia-
tions settling the North China con-
flict but Japanese Ambassador Shi-
geru Kawagoe continued to work be-
hind the scenes.
Authoritative sources said he, was
establishing contacts with Chinese
known to be associated closely with
the Nanking government.

"Report Me and My Cause44

Capt. Steward Dietz, of Balti-
more, was pilot of the-Eastern Air
Lines plane which crashed at Day-
tona Beach, Fla., as it took off. The
plane tripped over a newly erected
power line. Dietz, and three other
persons, were killed in the crash.
Detroit, Chicago To
Play Doubleheader
DETROIT, Aug. 11.-(M)-The De-
troit Tigers and the Chicago White
Sox, k'ept idle today by rain, will play
a double-header at Navin Field to-
morrow, continuing their fight for
third place.
The Sox, in third place, are a half
game ahead of the Tigers, but the
leaders, the New York Yankees,
gained a whole game on them through
today's double victory over the second
place Boston Red Sox.
Roxie Lawson, Bengal hurler, will
seek his 14th victory when he faces
Merritt "Sugar" Cain in the first
game. Tommy Bridges, after his 11th
win, will oppose Chicago's Vernon
Kennedy or John Whitehead in the
series final.
St. Louis will come to Detroit Fri-
day for a four-game series - their
first visit since Sunny Jim Bottomley
supplanted Rogers Hornsby as man-
ager. They will play two games Sat-
urday.

It Took Eight Years To Finish
New Dictionary, Knott Asserts

By STAN SWINTON
It took eight years and the ex-
penditure of $1,140,000 to finish the
1934 edition of Webster's New In-
ternational Dictionary, Prof. Thomas
A. Knott of the English Department
said yesterday in a regular Summer
Session lecture at Natural Science
Auditorium on "Editing Dictionaries."
"Our problem \ was to collect and
select, organize and find as many
new words and meanings which have
crept into the language since 1907 as
was possible," Professor Knott stated.
"We couldn't read all the material
printed since that mate, of course, so
we had to devise a system to make
our work as efficient and economical
as possible."
Describing the method used in the
work, Professor Knott told how 50
magazines were subscribed to. Of
these all but ten proved useless, pulp
magazines yielding "absolutely no
words."
"We started to review all contem-
porary books but soon limited our-

was Sears, Roebuck's catalogue.
Quotations were cut from the mag-
azines and typed from the books ex-
cept where a large number were to be
used from one source. 3,000,000 clip-
pings were made, 1,665,000 being lit-
erary quotations and not scientific
or technical.
Two hundred editors contributed
to the finished volume but many of
their offerings had to be rewritten
and sent back to the authors for final
consideration, Professor Knott con-
tinued. Slang was omitted, he said,
unless it had either survived a ten-
year trial period or been included in
a book which would still have "an
appreciable number of readings
twenty years hence."
Etymology proved a not difficult
part of the work, Professor Knott
stated, but words which popped up
after a 600 or 700-year lapse in usage
proved a problem. Also, of course,
many words had acquired different
connotations and meanings.
"Webster's has had a nearly com-
plete revolution every edition," the
speaker pointed out. Radical changes

. . . so spoke the dying Hamlet

These words sum

up the ardent desire of every

man to be fully and

accurately represented before his fellow men.
To report every cause aright is the task of The Associated Press. Its
trained staff of 80,000 patrols the corridors of the world to get the news
-to get it accurately and report it impartially, with all possible speed.
It performs this task daily with marked success through the coopera-
tion of its 1360 member newspapers.

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