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August 11, 1937 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1937-08-11

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I

The Weather
Cloudy, little change in tem-
perature and northerly winds.

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Editorials
For Art's Sake ...
The Human Element .. .

Official Publication Of The Summer Session
VOL. XLVI. No. 38 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, AUG. 11, 1937

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Weary Senate
Celebrates As
Revised Court
Bill Is Passed
Judiciary Committeemen
Shake Hands As Final
Passage Is Effected
Measure Is Shell
Of First Proposal
WASHINGTON, Aug. 10.- (P) -
The bill to alter procedure in the
Lower Courts won the final OK to-
day of the Senate, which appeared
glad to get rid of the six-months
controversy about the judiciary.
The legislation, a mere shell of the
original court revamping proposals of
President Roosevelt, was embodied in
, conference report signed earlier in
the day by House and Senate con-
feres. Only the routine approval of
the House is necessary before the Bill
goes to the White House.
That the issue is not permanently
settled was demonstrated, however,
by the appointment of a Senate com-
mittee to study the more controver-I
sial problems raised by the original1
Roosevelt bill.
This committee was directed to
study all of the proposals for Legis-
lative action or Constitutional amend-
ment included in the President's bill,
or suggested as alternatives for that
measure.
Chairman Ashurst (Dem., Ariz.),
of the Judiciary Committee, will head
the inquiry.
Only 14 Senators were on the floor
when the bill went through today.
Many of them smiled at each other,
and members of the Judiciary Com
mittee shook hands.
The bill followed closely the agree-
ment reached by Senate leaders when
the Roosevelt bill was side-tracked. It
contained four points:
Direct appeal from lower courts to
the Supreme Court in cases involving
the constitutionality of acts of Con-
gress.
Protest Brazil's
Leasing Of U.S.
Vessels Of War
Argentine Press Expresses
Fear Of Upset Of South
American Naval Power
BUENOS AIRES, Aug. 10.-(/P)-
The Argentine press tonight protested
strongly against the projected streng-
thening of neighboring Brazil's fleet
'by the leasing of six obsolete United
States destroyers.
A storm of unfavorable comment
was raised by Secretary of State
Hull's letter to the Senate Naval Com-
mittee asking congressional author-
ization for the navy department to
lease over-age war vessels to South
American republics.
Though the Argentine government
maintained silence, the belief was
current that Argentina was opposed
strenuously to the addition of North
American warships to, South Amer-
ican fleets.
The influential newspaper La Na-
cion expressed fears such leasing
would upset the balance of South
American naval power and said Hull's
letter "reverberated as an alarm
signal."
(The League of Nations 1936 arm-
amnents yearbook listed the gross

naval tonnage of the three great
South American powers thus: Argen-
tina,5101,049; Chile, 70,180, and Bra-
zil, 54,166 with an additional 5,400
under construction).
Brazil's expressed fears that un-
identified foreign aggression was a
menace to her valuable raw materials
(Continued on Page 2)
Roosevelt Demands
Crop Control Laws
WASHINGTON, Aug. 10.-(A')-
President Roosevelt declared today
that Congress must give him a
stronger promise of new crop control
legislation before he will approve
Federal loans to bolster sagging cot-
ton prices.
Despite a threat of Congressional'
action to compel the granting of
loans and "parity payments" to cot-
ton farmers, the President said at
his press conference that he guessed

G. F. Bush Of Psychology Dept.
Is Appointed To Parole Board

Assistant And John Eliason
Given State Posts; Both
Michigan Graduates
LANSING, Aug. 10.-(/P)-Governor
Murphy today appointed Gerald F.
Bush, of Ann Arbor, and John Elia-
son, of Ludington, as members of the
State's new parole board.
Bush is an Assistant Psychology
Instructor at the University of Mich-
igan, Eliason a former Mason County
prosecutor.
The appointments completed the
Board's membership. Bush and Elia-
son will serve under M. Hubert O'-
Brien, chairman..
The Governor, asserting there has'
been "Some complaint of favoritism
and privilege on this subject," (the
Spanish Rebels
Lose 1,500 Men
In 3-Day Fight
Insurgents Say Loyalists'
Attempt To Divert Forces
Unsuccessful
HENDAYE, Franco-Spanish Fron-
tier, Aug. 10.-(P)-Warring Span-
iards fought today on three fronts
but failed to make headway in the
civil war now in its thirteenth month.
Insurgents reported their foe lost
nearly 1,500 soldiers in a three-day
series of attacks in north Spain de-
signed to divert Insurgent offensives
against Santander in the north and
in the Teruel sector in the East.
The attacks, launched by Govern-
ment militiamen and Asturian min-
ers, were made in the Oviedo sector
west of Santander. The Insurgents
said the push failed to make any
changes in the lines.
Rebels Plan Drive
The main force of Insurgents mean-
while was described as "waiting only
for good weather" to press an of-
fensive against Santander, west of
Bilbao and key city in the tiny patch
of northern coastal Spain still held
by the Government.
Rain and low-hanging clouds, In-
surgent reports said, had confined
operations against Santander to oc-
casional air raids and heavy artillery
shelling of Government lines.
Other positions were focused on the
western front of Madrid and in' the
Teruel sector where the Insurgents
seek to cut through the strategic
Madrid-Valencia road.
West of Madrid, Insurgents re-
newed their attack on Villanueva de
la Canada in was apparently was the
beginning of a new attempt to re-
capture the territory Government
forces seized early last month.
Government reports said the at-
tackers were repulsed.
Press Eastern Offensive
In the east, Insurgents pressed their
offensive south of Albarracin, 118
miles east of Madrid, on the Univer-
sales Mountains which divide the
Cuenca, Teruel and Valencia prov-
inces.
Government forces launched a pin-
cers strategy in two counter-attacks
but Insurgents said the moves met
a stonewall.
The first attack was based on the
Frias sector, southwest of Albarracin
and 26 miles west of Teruel while the
second was launched in the Celadas
region north of Teruel.
Insurgents said the attack north of
Teruel appeared to be designed to
force the withdrawal of Insurgent
forces from the Albarracin lines to
rush aid to defenders of the ap-
proaches to Zaragoza.

granting of paroles) requested the
Board to undertake immediately a
careful survey of the case history of
every inmate of the state's penal in-
stitutions.
The new parole board was created
under a corrections law adopted by
-the 1937 Legislature. It abolished the
office of Parole Commissioner, and
transferred the officer's duties to the
Board, members of which are to serve
under life-term appointment at a
salary of $5,000 a year. Board mem-
bers can be removed only for cause
after formal hearings.
Hilmer Gellein, Corrections Com-
missioner, said the appointment of
Bush and Eliason left only the posi-
tions of psychiatrist and psycholo-
gist attached to the state prisons to
be filled.
The corrections law placed under
a single directing head for the first
time in Michigan the administration
of pardons and paroles, the prisons
and mental hospitals.
Bush, born in Delton, near Kala-
mazoo, is a former Assistant Super-
intendent of nPublicInstruction. He
served in that position from 1924 un-
til 1937. He also is a former super-
intendent of schools at Algonac and
Charlevoix. Already holding a Mas-
ter's degree from the University of
Michigan, he now is working for a
Doctorate in addition to his teaching
duties.
Eliason served as Mason County
Prosecutor from 1932 to 1936. He
was a candidate forelection to Con-
gress at the last election. He also is
a graduate of the University.
Results Given
In Intramural
Session Sports
LeAnderson Beats Olson
In Badminton; Squash
Eliminations Announced'
Nearing the end of one of its most
successful summer seasons, the In-
tramural department yesterday an-
nounced the final results of some, and
standings in other competitions.
Robert LeAnderson beat out S. W.
Olson in the finals of the badminton
tourney, while in squash R. D. Barnes
and G. Duffy are meeting in the final
elimination to decide the victor.
Eaton and Panzarella meet Thomp-'
son and Livers in the tennis doubles
finals, Randolph Webster announced,1
while in the last golf competition A.
Graham and Walter Welty will fight
it out for the crown.
In horseshoes A. C. Williams up-
set Bandlow, 21-15, 18-21, and 21-15
for the title. T. B. Estep won the
handball finals by virtue of his 2-0
victory over Bishop.
Table tennis standings are not as
complete as other sports-J. Key has
reached the finals while M. A. Pan-
zarella and Abe Stantsky will meet
to decide his opponent. In tennis
singles Eaton will battle with the
winner of the Kinsly-Edmonds match
to decide the title-holder. Bill Mor-
genroth was an easy victor in the
swimming events.
DORAIS COACHES STARS
CHICAGO, Aug. 10.-(P)-Charles
Emile (Gus) Dorais of the University
of Detroit, will head the 1937 College
All Stars coaching staff for their
battle against the National Profes-
sional Football League champion
Green Bay Packers at Soldier Field,
Sept. 1.

Editing Dictionaries
Knott's Topic Today
Prof. Thomas A. Knott of the Eng-
lish department will give the next
lecture in the Summer Session series
at 5 p.m. today in Natural Science
Auditorium. The topic for the lecture
is "Editing Dictionaries."
Professor Knott, a well known au-
thority in the field of dictionary work,
was the last general editor of Web-
ster's "New International Diction-
ary." At the present time he is work-
ing in the compilation and editing
of the Middle English Dictionary..
Claim Scribes
Were Leaders
OfTNazi Group

'Pinafore' Will
Open Tonight
To Full House
Complete Sell-Out Hoped;
Music School, Players
Collaborating
Wil lHold Matinee;
Some Tickets Still
With a complete sell-out an-
nounced for all but one of the five,
performances, The Michigan Reper-
tory Players in their third collabora-
tion with the School of Music will
perform Gilbert and Sullivan's comic
opera "H.M.S. Pinafore" in the Lydia
Mendelssohn Theatre at 8:30 p.m. to-
day.
Tickets still remain for the added'
matinee at 2:30 p.m. Saturday, butl
they are going fast, according to
Morlye Baer, publicity director for
the Players. The demand for tickets
has been unprecedented during the
summer.
In previous summers the Reper-
tory group has presented "The Choc-
olate Soldier" and "Pirates of Pen-
zance," while six other collaborations
between Play Production and the
School of Music have been presented
during the regular school year.
Alternating in the leading role of
Ralph, the hero, will be John Elwell
and Harold E. Koch, while other
voices familiar to Ann Arbor au-
..:.,.... - 7 - I . 1 .. ... .C9'~.....31

Italian Seaplane Is
Reported Overdue
SEATTLE, Aug. 10.-(I)-A big
Italian-made seaplane, bearing seven
personson a new commercial airline
to Alaska, was overdue and unre-
ported tonight, more than 24 hours
after it left on a flight of approxi-
mately 750 miles to Ketchikan.
Stormy weather prevailed in the
Ketchikan area, where no immediate
alarm was felt for the ship.
Fliers expressed belief Pilot Tony
Schwamm, inaugurating his Seattle-
Alaska service, had been forced down
en route.
Coast guardsmen said they had no
immediate plans to start search for
the ship, the course of which lay
northward along an island-dotted
route off the Canadian coast.
Under ordinary conditions the
flight would require less than eight
hours. The plane left here at 3 p.m.
yesterday, with cloudy weather and
light breezes prevailing along the
course.
Five Injured,
Four Killed As
Plane Crashes
Newly Erected Power Line
Cause Of Catastrophe;
Will Investigate
DAYTON BEACH, Fla., Aug. 10.-,
(o)-Four men were killed today and

Chinese Claim
Minor Victory
As Temporary
Cession Is Seen

Charge+
Direct
Office

German's (
From F
In Berlin

Orders
oreign

LONDON, Aug. 10.-(,JI'r-The Daily I
Herald said tonight that three ex-
pelled German newspapermen headed
a Nazi organization here and worked
under control of the German For-
eign Office, and added that the Home
Secretary is considering expulsion of
other Germans.
Scotland Yard investigations, the
newspaper said, may result in the
possible additional expulsions.
The three whose working permits
already have been suspended, the
Herald asserted, had established their
Nazi group with headquarters in the
Bays' Water district of London.
Have Left London
They are Werner Crome, corre-
spondent for the Berliner Lokalan-
zeiger; Franz Otto Wrede and Wold
Dietrich Langen, employed by a Ger-
man news agency specializing in news
of Germans abroad. The latter two
already have left London.
The Herald said information was
sent daily to Berlin recounting social
and political activities of friends of
Germans living in England. An esti-
mated 500 Nazis were said to be
operating in the country.
The number of Germans resident
in England, including refugees, is
estimated at about 20,000. The Her-
ald added that "it is understood that
the principal count against Langen
was that he intimidated his fellow
countrymen in order to use them as
informers."

diences will include those of Mildre
__ - -five other nr si-ir yte B ch

Berlin Retaliates
Scotland Yard refused to discussj
whether investigations such as de-
scribed by the Herald were under-
way.
The Herald account followed warn-
ings in Berlin by Nazi newspapers
that foreign newspapermen who per-
sist in writing critically about the
third Reich might be expelled.
Berlin has acted in retaliation for
the expulsion of the three German
newspapermen in London by giving'
the London Times two weeks in which
to replace Correspondent Norman
Ebbutt in Berlin.
Union Is Ready
For-Ford Visit
This Afternooni
DETROIT, Aug. 10.-(P)-Officials
and members of the United Automo-
bile Workers Union went forward
Tuesday with plans for the distribu-
tion of that organization's literature
at the gates of the Ford Rouge plant
at 2:30 p.m. Wednesday.
Gov. Murphy at Lansing said that
state police would watch the distribu-
tion and see that there was no dis-
order. He did not believe a large
body of men would be necessary to
keep the peace.
The union announced that Mrs.
Cornelia Pinchot, wife of the former
governor of Pennsylvania; represen-
tatives of the La Follette Committee;
representatives of the Conference for
the Protection of Civil Rights and
others would attend as observers.
The union said that 1,000 persons
had volunteered to distribute litera-
ture.
The distributors will meet at 1 p.m.
at the headquarters of the U.A.W.
Ford local, 8844 Michigan Ave.
Maps showing public property lines
in the vicinity of the Ford plant are
to be given the distributors, according
to a union official. The distributors
are to be stationed at 29 points, 12
of which are inside the City of Dear-
born.
Improved Crop Yield
Predicted By U.S. Board

Olson as Josephine, Frederic Shaff-l
master as the Captain, Marguerite1
Creighton as Buttercup and Vernon
Kellett as Sir Joseph Porter.
Other soloists are Sherrod Towns,
Bernard Regier, Wilbur Nelson and
Inez Mussen, while one of the fea-
tures of the presentation will be a
chorus of 30 voices, including both
men and women.
The story of the show is typical of
the Gilbert and Sullivan collabora-
tions. Josephine loves Ralph, a com-
mon sailor on her father's ship, the
Pinafore. She can't marry him be-
cause of his inferior birth and instead
is supposed to wed Sir Joseph Porter,
boss of the Queen's "nahvee." Ho'w-
ever, Buttercup, a fat old nurse, dis-
covers that Ralph is really of very
high, birth and Sir Joseph is of the
common variety, fixing everything up
and leaving hero and heroine to-
gether in the traditional comic opera
manner.
As usual performances will run
Wednesday through Saturday with
the special matinee added on the last
day.
Local 'Gangsters'
Are Held For Bond
Justice Harry W. Reading yester-
day bound over to circuit court the
five Ann Arbor youths who, police
say, composed one of the two gangs
which have been operating in the
city.
Charles Pettibone, 17, and Jack
Steele, 17, were remanded to county
jail upon failure to furnish $10,000
bond, while Sam Sayer, 18, alleged
gang leader; LaVerne Casterline, 18;
and Charles Cotton, 18; were held in
default of $2,500 bond each. Early
trial of the quintet is expected.
The other gang which police be-
lieve to be active here continued op-,
erations Monday when $200 worth'
of medical instruments were stolen
from a car on Shadford Road. It
was the fourth burglary of an au-
tomobile on that road in the last two
days.

p1uulu .uivism e uy ue crasn
of an Eastern Air Lines plane into a
power line erected overnight near the
Daytona Beach Airport.
Two crew members and two pas-1
sengers died in the wreck, the first
fatal accident in the history of the
company.
Heading from Chicago to Miami,
the big Douglas airliner struck a pole
of the power circuit in taking off
southward at 4:40 a.m. (E.ST.),
hurtled over a clump of pine trees
and dropped in the sand of a scrub
palmetto thicket.
Flames flared momentarily as mo-
tors were torn loose, but they went
>ut without igniting the cabin.
The Commerce Department, The
State of Florida, the Air Line and the
Florida Power and Light Company
moved swiftly to investigate.
The dead were:
Capt. Stuart Dietz, 33, of Baltimore,
the pilot.
Robert Reed of 'Miami, co-pilot..
J. F. Phillpotts of Kingston, Ja-
maica, passenger.
W. G. Marian (or J. Triana) 241
Ainares St., Mexico City, passenger.
(Hospital attendants said his papers
bore the name of Triana).
Records of the injured:
E. W. Phillpotts, 10-year-old son
of J. F. Phillpotts, bruised and suf-
ering from shock.
H. M. Hamilton, Detroit, shock and
bruises.
F. M. Thompson, Greenville, S.C.,
concussion of the brain and possible
skull fracture.
C. V. Dunlap, Chicago, fractured
hip.
Bryan Merrill, 24, steward, fractured
ribs and possible spinal injury.
Pete Dygert, airport manager, said
he was "Sure the pilot did not know
the (power line) hazard was there."
"I was not notified last night of
the new line being strung," Dygert
said. "This morning I was informed
that the line was placed there to give
service to a small area to the west
which had been interrupted when an
underground cable failed."

Scene Of War Shifts To
Mountains Northeast Of
Peiping
British And French
DisputeJap Move
NANKING, Aug. 11.-Wednes-
day--(P)-The Chinese military
said today a Javanese plane was
shot down near Paotingfu, south-
west of Peiping, and the pilot
killed. T h e plane's observer
escaped.
The ship was on a reconnoit-
ering flight, presumably to check
on Chinese troop positions.
TIENTSIN, Aug. 10.-(P)-Action
n thedundeclared war in North China
shif ted today to the entrance to the
:ountains northwest of Peiping.
Unconfirmed Chinese reports said
a Japanese army detachment had
been wiped out in a clash in the vicin-
ity of Nankow Pass, 30 miles north-
vest of Peiping,
Japanese officials here, however,
ninimized these reports and asserted
action was limited to slight skirmish-
ing.
The version in Japanese headquar-
ers was that Generalissimo Chiang
Kai-Shek, Nanking Government Pre-
nier, had ordered the Chinese hold-
ing the Great Well pass at Nankow
o attack Japanese forces in the area.
Fear Jap Aerial Bombs
The Chinese troops feared Jap-
anese aerial bombardments, however,
the Japanese said, and answered the
rder by engaging only in small skir-
mishes.
Japanese officials indicated that so
far as they were concerned a lull of
two weeks may be expected in the re-
gion. This was believed due to dif-
ficulties experienced in getting re-
inforcements into China because of
washed out railways and other brok-
en communications.
One spokesman, declaring the Jap-
anese did not plan at present to push
through the Great Wall, warned how-
ever that his countrymen would strike
swiftly if the Chinese launched a con-
certed attack.
Japanese Tighten Control
Japanese tightened their control
over Peiping and Tientsin and com-
mercial communication with the out-
side World came to a virtual stand-
still under the pressure for censor-
ship.
Peiping's radio and telegraph sta-
tions were in Japanese hands but the
location of Tientsin's wireless and
postal offices in the French and Brit-
ish concessions hindered direct ac-
tion here.
The Japanese, however, control all
Tientsin approaches.
(Dispatches received in Nanking
said the Japanese planned to install
plainclothes military censors at post-
(Continued on Page 4)
Educators Hear
Thorpe Develop
Teaching Means
Almost no one technique in teach-
ing English is better than any other
in the hands of the right teacher,
Prof. Clarence Thorpe of the English
department yesterday told a group of
educators.
Speaking on "Techniques in Eng-
lish," Professor Thorpe said that the
tendency recently in some places is
to have all free reading for students,
letting them choose what they want
to read, just so long as they read so
much in a year.
He then told of a modification of

this idea in which the teacher
watches what's being read, and makes
suggestions.
"We need to get better results from
reading than we have in tlhe past,"
Professor Thorpe , declared, "and
think that the latter method is a
help towards that aim. We have to
learn ways to lead children to get the
most out of their reading."
He pointed out that grammar in
the, grade school and junior high
school is important in these days as
a means to an end. "That end," Pro-

Substratum Influence On Speech
Discussed In Linguistics Talks

Mac Clean Says Oriental Prints
Have Influenced Occidental Art,

By H. B. ALLEN
With illustrations ranging from
ancient Babylon to modern Pennsyl-
vania, four speakers yesterday noon
discussed before the regular Linguis-
tic Institute luncheon conference va-
rious linguistic situations character-
ized by substratum influence.
The theory of the substratum is,
briefly, the hypothesis that in a lan-
guage certain changes not consistent
with the general pattern of its de-
velopment may be accounted for by
the influence of another language
spoken by a conquered people who
lived for many years with their con-
querors.
India is an unusually rich field for
the future researcher into the sub-

Edgerton, that numerous features of
the Indic Aryan languages, such as
the cerebral consonants of Sanskrit,
are due to the influence of one of
these non-Aryan tongues.
Prof. Leroy Waterman of the de-
partment of oriental languages and
literature turned to Babylon for fur-
ther material exemplifying the sub-
stratum influence. There, he said,
the Sumerians, a highly cultured
people, moved into a Semitic area.
Before writing developed, these two
peoples had lived together for 1,000
years, during which time the Semites
increased in strength and gradually
became the dominant group.
An effect of this contiguity is seen
both in morphological change, which
N. n. f i iih5ofsutraitu1minflulienre and,

One of the greatest sources of
graphic art, Japanese Wood Block
Prints, was discussed in the illustrat-
ed Summer Session lecture given at 5
p.m. yesterday by J. Arthur Mac-
Clean, curator of Oriental art in the
Toledo Museum.
Pointing out that the prints came
to the West ,fairly late, Mr. MacLean
stated that they were one of the first
notes of interest in Japanese art and
that the influence of them was plain-
ly evident in paintings of the Occi-
dent made since the introduction of
the prints.
However, the prints were not ap-
preciated by all Japan, Mr. MacLean
continued. Since they were of com-
monplace subject matter, some of
them being used to advertise in the

Clean said.:
In describing the process by which
the prints were made, Mr. MacLean
said that the publisher first bought1
them and then they were sent to the
engraver, who produced a black and
white outline block. These were then
sent to the painter and the colors
were put in. Upon their coloring by
the painter, the outline was sent back'
to the engraver and the color blocks
were put in. After the insertion of
the blocks, they were sent to the
printer, who interpreted not only the
color scheme but also interpreted the
brush strokes of the artist, Mr. Mac-
Clean explained.
A paper was then put on the block
made by the printer and the image
was rubbed off. Thus the print was

[1 WASHITNGTON.,Auff. 10.-(A')-I

:i

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