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August 04, 1937 - Image 1

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1937-08-04

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The Weather
Unsettled, showers and local
thunderstorms today; tomorrow
partly cloudy; not much change
in temperature.

C, 4.r

Mfr iganA

~Iaitr

Editorials
Europe Wants
More Babies ...

Official Publication Of The Summer Session
VOL. XLVI. No. 32 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, AUG. 4, 1937

PRICE FIVE CENTS

S. Raphaelson
Comedy Opens
Here Tonight
'Accent On Youth' Picked
As One Of 10 Best Plays
Of 1935-36 Season
Pierce, Crandall To
Have Leading Parts
"Accent On Youth," Samson Ra-
phaelson's sprightly comedy which
played over 200 performances in New
York last year, will be presented by
the Repertory Players at 8:30 p.m.
today in the Lydia Mendelssohn The -
atre. It will play through Saturday.
The play selected as one of the 10
best of 1935-36, has only recently been
released for non-professional produc-
tion after wide success in summer
theatres throughout the east last
year. It represents a comeback on
the part of Raphaelson, the author,
after a several years' layoff. He was
previously best known for "The Jazz
Singer," Al Jolson's popular vehicle
of the last decade.
Tells Of Triangle
The story is that of the triangle of
a blase,,middle-aged and somewhat
jaded playwright, Steven Gaye, his
super-efficient secretary, Linda Brown
and millionaire-playboy-actor Dickie
Reynolds. Gaye, who has gained a
reputation as a writer of light com-
edy, attempts to turn his talents to
more serious drama without particu-
lar success. He finds the necessary
authenticity for the main scene of
of his project, however, when the sec-
retary, with whom his relations have
always been strictly objective, tells
him she loves him. Presently Gaye
gets around to falling in love with
her in turn but they decide, in view
of the difference in their ages, that
marriage would be a mistake. In-
stead she honeymoons with playboy
Reynolds, but finishes by returning
to the more mature Gaye.
Cast Made Of Veterans
Valentine B. Windt, director of
Play Production has picked the small
cast entirely from veterans of several
years' experience in the Repertory
group. Frederic Crandall, who had
intended only to participate in the
capacity of director in this summer's
season, was drafted for the lead role
of Gaye, while Sarah Pierce will play
opposite him as Secretary Brown and
Charles Harrell will portray Dickie
Reynolds.
Richard Orr will enact the Wode-
house butler, Flogdell, around whom
a great deal of the play's comedy
dialogue is constructed, and other
parts will be taken by Ralph Bell,
Claribel Baird and Virginia Frink
Harrell.
Class To Learn
Chinese Tongue
During Session
Kennedy's Group Spends
70 Hours A Week In
Study OfLanguage
Can Chinese, with its 6000 charac-
ters and peculiar intonations, be
learned in eight weeks? Twenty
Summer Session students, spending
20 hours a week in class and 50 in
additional study, are seeking to dem-
onstrate Prof. George Kennedy's
theory that a beginner can learn in
that time enough Chinese to enable
him, with the aid of a dictionary, to
read a Chinese newspaper or maga-

zine.
His theory was explained yesterday
noon at the Linguistic Institute lun-
cheon conference by Dr. Kennedy,
who regularly is Professor of Chinese
at Yale University. It goes back to
youthful experiences with German
and Latin, which he found easily
learned after a period of oral read-
ing without translation.
The need for the intensive course
now being tried existed, he said, in
the fact that most of the 100 Ameri-
can university directors of work in
Far Eastern studies lacked knowledge
of Chinese. A result was the blocking
of research outside English printed
materials. It was imperative, then,
to equip interested students with suf-
ficient Chinese to enable them to
tap the rich sources of information
found in Chinese periodicals, from
newspapers to university publications.
Essentially the practice followed by
Professor Kennedy is that of acquir-
ing both oral and visual familiarity

Prof. Pollock Releases Detailed
Analysis Of His Civil Service Bill

Calls New Act Entirely
Adequate; 2 Damaging
Amendments Removed
By CLINTON B. CONGER
Prof. James K. Pollock of the po-
litical science department, author of
the State's new Civil Service bill, yes-
terday after a study of the text of
the act as finally passed,treleased a
detailed analysis of the 106 amend-
ments added by House and Senate
and their effect upon the resultant
system.
"The new act is entirely adequate,
and in the hands of a competent
commission and a competent per-
sonnel director can give the state a
type of civil service hitherto un-
known," he said. "In its passage
through the Senate, 31 amendments
were added to the bill. Of these,
only one will interfere with the proper
administration of the act, the provi-
sion exempting veterans from age
and physical requirements under cer-
tain circumstances."
Professor Pollock pointed out that
the House in conference committee
had withdrawn its two amendments
which he considered most damaging,
one of which would have blanketed
in all present employes, and the other
of which would have seriously inter-
fered with the regular examination
program.
Analyzing the remaining amend-
ments, Professor Pollock defended
the qualifying examinations and the
right of department heads to be con-
sulted in framing examinations, as-
serting that the qualifying examina-
tions will be as good a test of fitness
as the competitive exams with the
difference that only employes will
be allowed to take the qualifying tests.
The complete text of Professor Pol-
lock's analysis follows:
"I have had so many requests for
Edmonson Talks
On Educational
History Of State
Dean Says Michigan Made
Contributions In That It
Set Precedents
As a result of its significant pion-
eering in education, the interest in
educational activities in Michigan is
very marked, Dean James B. Edmon-
son of the education school told the
last indoor meeting of the Men's Ed-
ucation Club last night in the Union.
"Michigan has not only made con-
tributions in the way of setting a
precedent for other states to follow in
the matter of organization of trer
state educational office and in de-
veloping state funds for public sup-
port it has made a significant con-
tribution in the field of higher edu-
cation," he said.
Dean Edmonson pointed out that
in 1871 Michigan was the pioneer in
the establishment of a plan for ac-
crediting secondary schools.
Dean Edmonson stated that there
were four outstanding figures in the
early development of Michigan edu-
cation.
"They were Judge A. B. Woodward,
who drafted the original bill for the
University, President James B. Angell
of the University, John D. Pierce, first
State Superintendent of Public Edu-
cation, and Isaac E. Carey, author of
the public education provision in
Michigan's first constitution," he
said.
Dean Edmonson spoke of an editor-
ial that appeared in the Detroit News
in May 1935, praising the University,
and pointed out several significant
factors concerning it.

a detailed analysis of the new civil
service act, that I have prepared the
following explanation.
"A careful study of the new act re-
veals that it contains every essential
feature of a good civil service system.
Adequate provisions exist to provide
a classification plan and a compensa-
tion plan, two features which to date
have been totally lacking. The im-
portant and indispensable payroll
check is also provided for. Provisions
are made for employe efficiency rat-
ings, for transfer, for probation, and
for demotion, features which have
also been lacking in the old system.
"Finally, provisions for dismissal
have been included which are new
to state and federal personnel sys-
tems, and which, if properly adminis-
tered, should be a complete answer
to the oft-repeated complaint against
civil service that loafers are per-
petuated. The new act ,therefore, is
entirely adequate and in the hands
of a competent commission and a
competent personnel director can
give the state a type of efficient and
(Continued on Page 31
Borah Claims
N1o Vacancy On
Supreme Court
Insists Van Devanter Is
Still Member; Heckled
By Democrats
WASHINGTON, Aug. 3.-()-Sen-
ator Borah, one of the recognized
constitutional authorities in Con-
gress, raised a new issue in the cur-
rent controversy over the appoint-
ment of a Supreme Court Justice to-
day by insisting to the Senate that
there is no vacancy.
Despite considerable heckling from
the Democrats, Borah stuck to his
position that Justice Van Devanter,
who retired in June, is still a member
of the Court and that therefore Pres-
ident Roosevelt has no right to name
a new justice.
President Roosevelt insisted, how-
ever, that he has the right.
At a press conference, the Presi-
dent indicated he might make the ap-
pointment before the Senate adjourns.
The Idahoan drew some support
from Senators Johnson, of California
and Austin, of Vermont, on his own
side of the chamber, but none from
the Democratic side. Even the Dem-
ocrats who had opposed President
Roosevelt's Court Bill took issue with
him.
Last In Series
Of Tea Dances
Will Be Today
,Because today's tea dance will be
the last of the Summer Session series,
Jean Bonisteel, '38, in charge of ar-
rangements, specially urges that
everyone be present. The dance will
be held from 4 to 6 p.m. in the League
ballroom.
"We want everyone enrolled in
summer school to come," Miss Boni-
steel said, "because it will be the
last chance to enjoy an afternoon of
free dancing."
Those who will pour are: Mrs. John
Sundwall, Mrs. Harley Haynes, Mrs.
Wilbur Humphreys, Mrs. Wells Ben-
nett, Mrs. Dwight Dumond, Mrs.
Louis Eich and Mrs. Edward L.
Adams. Members of the Summer
Session League Council will assist.

Japs Advance
South; Expect
MajorBattle
Chinese Army Believed
Moving North From City
Of Paotingfu
2,000 'Forgotten'
Troops Disarmed
PEIPING, Aug. 4.-(IPj)-(Wednes-
day)-Japan's Asiatic army pene-
trated 35 miles south of Peiping to-
day, more than halfway to the Kao-
peitien region where Japanese com-
manders expect a Chinese army to
take its first massed stand against
'Japan's march through North China.
A Japanese brigade under Major
General Torashimo Kawabe marched
into Liulino, only 30 miles north of
Kaopeitien on the Peiping-Hankow
railway. Ahead was believed to be a
Chinese army marching north from
Paotingfu.
While the Japanese swept on south,
2,000 "forgotten men" of the 29th
Chinese army were disarmed near
Peiyuan, northwest of Peiping, and
herded into the ancient capital at
their own request.
Retreat From Peiping
Japanese officials said the men, left
isolated when the 29th army's main
forces retreated from the Peiping re-
gion, asked to surrender their arms
after a Japanese plane flew over their
quarters threatening bombardment.
The Chinese unit had been "over-
looked," the Japanese said, after it
had failed to participate in the Pei-
yuan hostilities.
Dispatches from Tientsin reported
Japanese reinforcements were con-
tinuing to pour into North China,
leading observers to believe Japan
might be contemplating a large scale
push beyond the Hopeh territory now
almost completely dominated by the
Japanese army.
Japanese air forces sprang into ac-
tivity, sending 'scouts as far south as
Chengchow, strategic rail junction in
the heart of Honan Province and
east over Tsinan, capital of Shan-
tung.
Planes Shower Leaflets
In the Peiping area Japanese planes
showered leaflets warning that death
would be the punishment of any
Chinese who tampered with com-
munication lines and that if the re-
sponsibility could not be fixed for
such incidents entire communities
would suffer bombardment in retalia-
tion.
Twice yesterday Japanese raiders
dumped bombs on Paotingfu.
South of Tientsin Japanese troop/
were reported to have advanced 15
miles along the Tientsin-Pukow rail-
way, the same route large bodies of
central Chinese troops were said to
be following north.
Japanese officials said the advances
south were to be deep enough to as-
sure Japan's supremacy in the north
China region where it demands econ-
omic domination and freedom from

Desire For Self-Sufficiency
Inspired Japan's Action,
Foreign Students Agree
By ROBERT I. FITZHENRY

JapanWillNotBeSatisfied UntilI
SheHas AnotherBuffer In China

The belief that
ligerent attitude
not be satisfied

Japan's present bel-
toward China will
until she has an-

nexed another bufer state in North
China similar to that of Manchoukuo,
was forwarded recently by both a
Japanese and a Chinese student in
separate interviews with The Daily.
Both observers agreed that Tokyo's
land-grabbing activities have been
inspired by her ambition for self-suf-
ficiency and her desire for the great
markets of North China. Manchou-
kuo has not reached previous expec-
tations held out for it they said,
because of the undeveloped hinter-
land and the notorious dearth of
manpower. Both of these shortcom-
ings are absent in North China where
manpower is plentiful, raw materials
bounteous and the stages of economic
development advanced.
While expressing his hatred for war
the Japanese student declared that
Bronze Ao'e Of
Ancient China
Is Discussed
America Not Affected By
Period, According To
Smithsonian Curator
The pre-Han dynasty period of
Chinese history, before the second
century B.C., was marked by the tran-
sition of the stone age into the mod-
ern iron age through the intervening
bronze age, Carl Whiting Bishop, as-
sociate curator in charge of the
Freer Gallery in the Smithsonian In-
stitute at Washington, told the Sum-
mer Session lecture audience yester-
day, in his talk on "China's Place in
Cultural History."
The bronze age, which did not af-
fect the American continents or most
of Africa, was particularly influential
in China, Mr. Bishop said. Previously,
stone weapons and implements simi-
lar to those ou the American Indians
were widely used. "In the north tem-
perate zone of the old world the
bronze age occurred," he said. "Bronze
was only popular in the Americas for
a short time in a small locality-
Peru-at a later date. The Peruvian
bronze period was a purely local de-
velopment."
Bronze helmets, spears and arrow
heads have been recovered in North
China by archaeologists. The char-
iot, the chief instrument of war at
one time, was partly of bronze con-
struction. It was outmoded by the
more mobile cavalry, which was most
effectively used in China during the
Han period, from 202 B.C. to 220
A.D., according to Mr. Bishop.
"The chariot was a sign of noble
birth in the feudal days of 2,000
years ago," he declared. Wheeled
vehicles themselves date back as far
as 4,000 years or more B.C. in China.
"The chariot as an instrument of
war lost its efficacy when the bow
and arrow came into wide use in the
Orient," he said.
In connection with the bow and ar-
row, Mr. Bishop declared that the
Eastern bow, used by the Ottoman
(03n, nMpd on Pa:e 31

the population of his country-more
than 90,000,000 in an area slightly
smaller than the state of Texas-was
creating an acute problem which
could only be solved, he thought, by
territorial expansion. He denied that
Japan was a Fascist country-as Ger-
many and Italy are--asserting that
the Nipponese were not war-like, but
simply intensely nationalistic.
Internal political differences are
speedily forgotten in the face of a
foreign crisis, he said, and for this
reason the efforts of parties in op-
position to the government are abor-
tive.
The Chinese observer views the ag-
gression in North China as a part
of a long-time policy that had its
inception two years ago when an in-
dependent organizer, allegedly work-
ing with Tokyo's support, sought un-
successfully to unite the Chinese
provinces of Hopei, Chakhar, Sui-
guan, Shantung and Shansi into a
buffer state to be called Hua-Pi-Kuo.
Commenting on the probable out-
come of the present crisis he stated
that the victory would undoubtedly
go to the Japanese, solely on the basis
of their superior equipment. "How-
ever," he cautioned. "The Chinese are
the greatest fighting people on earth,
and if Tokyo maintains her present
baiting policy it will be only a matter
of time until the vast Chinese nation
is awakened to its entity and forced
into a belligerent attitude."
If the expanses of China are ever
united in a military front, the ob-
server said, international peace will
be seriously endangered. The Chi-1
nese, in addition to the tremendous7
numbers they can summon, are cap-
able of extraordinary vitality and en-
durance-Chinese soldiers have com-
monly been known to live seven days
in action without food.
Excursion Goes
To Put-In-Bay
At 7:15 A.M.
Group Will Leave Today
From Angell Hall; Prof.
Bullard Is InCharge
Beautiful Put-In-Bay in Lake Erie
will be the destination of the Summer
Session's 10th excursion which leaves
at 7:15 a.m. today.I
At this time the party will board
chartered buses at the front of An-
gell Hall from which it will travel to
the Detroit River dock to board the
Put-In-Bay steamer at 9 a.m.
Put-In-Bay is one of a large group
of islands located about 60 miles
southeast of Detroit and in the west-
ern end of Lake Erie. Its caves, rugged
limestone shore line and its surface
evidences of, glaciation make the
island geologically interesting.
Three hours of today's excursion
will be spent in exploring the various
points of interest which Put-In-Bay
has to offer. Among the remem-
brances of Admiral Perry to be vis-
ited are the cave named after him
and his monument. Another point of
interest to the excursionists will un-
doubtedly be the Crystal Cave which
is noted for its large, perfect crystals
of celestite or strontium sulfate.
Today's excursion will be conduct-
ed by Prof. Fred M. Bullard who is a
visiting professor from the geology
department of the University of
Texas.

100 Men Hold
1st Ann Arbor
'Sit-Down' At
Broach Plant,
Workers Charge Company
With Violating Promises
On SeniorityRights
UAWA Members
Demand Contract
Striking employes of the Amer-
ican Broach and Machine Com-
pany early this morning decided
to stay in the plant until their
demands are met by company
representatives. Three shifts of
meh with about 16 tolIS in each
shift occupied the plant last
night. Workers declared with
their specialized training they
could "easily get jobs in Detroit"
and said they would consider
such a move unless the company,
which at the time this is written
has refused to conciliate with the
men, acceded to their wishes.
There were no facilities or room
for sleeping in the plant. The at-
titude of union men was much
more aggressive than earlier in
the day.
Approximately 100 men, initiating
the first real sit-down strike to take
place in Ann Arbor, refused to work
for the American Broach and Ma-
chine Company after 10 a.m. yester-
day when the main switch for the
shop was pulled by one of the workers.
The concern employs more than 120
men in its various departments lo-
cated on the two floors of the plant.
Strikers charged that the company
had violated promises made on July
2nd regarding seniority rights and
had taken on new workers while older
employees were walking the street
and a promise regarding rest periods,
providing five intervals for smoking.
Pamphlet Makes Charges
A pamphlet issued by the UAW,
(United Auto Workers) local No. 503.
made the charges and claimed the
company had "chiseled" in not fol-
lowing out its promises "to theletter."
The union demanded a written agree-
ment signed by both the boss and the
workers.
Victor Reuther, UAW organizer,
last night presented the following
statement of the workers' cause on
behalf of the negotiating committee:
"A spontaneous strike broke out at
the American Broach and Machine
Company at 10 a.m. today as a pro-
test against the management's refusal
to sign an agreement with the United
Automobile Workers' Local 503 at
Ann.Arbor, which represents approx-
imately 95 per cent of the employes
at American Broach.
NegotiationsIn 'rocess 10 Weeks
"Negotiations have been in prog-
ress for over ten weeks, but the local
management has repeatedly professed
lack of authority to give a final an-
swer on any of the issues and has
continually stalled for time. In ad-
dition to this the management has
shown poor faith and has violated its
own statement of July 2 which it
promised faithfully "to carry out to
the letter."
"The management has taken the
rest periods away from the workers
and has violated its promise to recog-
nize seniority rights. The striking
workers are insisting that the man-
agement put its policy in writing
in the form of an agreement with
the UAWA; that it cease its chisel-
ling; and live up to its agreement."
Morgan Gets No Demands

Early in the afternoon, E. K. Mor-
gan, plant works manager, stated that
no demands had been presented to
him, and that until they were pre-
sented, they could do nothing. How-
ever, he indicated that he would not
close the plant because of the strike
unless it was absolutely necessary.
Late last night it was reported that
the men had notified the company
that the employes would quit the
plant if the company would assure
them in a written agreement, that it
would open negotiations and continue
them until an agreement had been
reached. The signatures of the com-
pany to such a preliminary agree-
ment was demanded.
Some of the strikers alleged that
a new man was hired last week
(Continued on Page 3)

the Nanking

regime.

Camp Filibert Roth Students GetI
View Of Ottawa National Forest

Stack To Talk,
Give Driving
TestsToday
Students and faculty members will
have an opportunity to have their
driving abilities tested free of charge
at a testing program to be conducted
from 9 a.m. until 4 p.m. in the lobby
of the East Engineering building by
Dr. Herbert J. Stack, director of the
Educational Division of the National
Conservation Bureau.
Four tests will be given. They will
be: a reaction titne test for braking,
a steering ability test, a driving vig-
ilance test and a visual acuity test
under various driving conditions.
Dr. Stack, a member of the faculty
of the School of Education of Co-
lumbia University, will also deliver
three lectures during the day at the
University high school.
He will speak at 8 a.m. in the audi-
torium, at 10 a.m. in Room 3002 and
at 3 p.m. in the auditorium.
Talamon Will Talk
On 'Paris' Today
Prof. Rene Talamon of the French
department will talk at 5 p.m. today

Employes, Intent On Poker, Give
Odd Accompaniment To Sit-Down

By ROY SIZEMORE
BEECHWOOD, Aug. 3.-(Special tol
The Daily)--A cross-sectional view
of Ottawa National Forest activities
was given to Camp Filibert Roth stu-
dents recently when Forest Service
officials conducted a "Show-You"
trip especially for their benefit. ,
Beiger Berg, head of planting, was
in charge of the excursion which
covered 150 miles and consumed eight
hours. Differences in pumping equip-
ment for forest fire suppression were
demonstrated at the first stop, the
Elmwood Guard station. Floyd Rob-

port, Mr. Berg said that this was
an example of the willingness of the
Forest Service to cooperate with other
governmental agencies. This particu-
lar landing field, he said, was to be
used in the future as a base for air-
plane patrols in fire detection. In
addition he advanced the opinion that
it would also see service as a point
from which to dispatch both men
and supplies to fires.
Methods of raising trees for the
restocking of cut-over lands within
the forest were discussed at a stop
at the James W. Toumay Nursery
in, wntna ~ a TrPvc, 1~'~ a - a v

By STAN SWINTON1
A hundred lounging men more in-
tent upon poker, euchre and getting
their pictures in the paper than the
traditional warfare between strikers
and company representatives yester-
day furnished an odd accompaniment
to Ann Arbor's first sit-down strike.
"We're happy and we like it," the
strikers at the American Broach &
Machine Co., said when reporters
first arrived. Leaning against the
metal-net gate of a side entrance to
the plant, one of them sucking at a
bottle of strawberry pop, the men
seemed not at all concerned over the
ctir th e werep causing Compy nv

and as long as eighteen years, the
men were quiet but intent on getting
their demands. They claimed that
the company had "been giving us the
run-around for ten weeks."
There was some horse-play, al-
though it was not prevalent. A re-
porter who bent over to get a drink
at the fountain found it had been
"fixed" and the men roared while
water sprayed over him.
When photographers asked for a
group picture the men all rushed for-
ward to get in it, only a few staying
behind. All asked that papers be
brought around to them at the plant.
Stickers that read "Union Way is
the American Way" "Union Way

Funeral Of Mason
Is At 2 P.M. Today

5st. V1i' lJy" . -,
representatives, non-union men and Means Higher Pay" and "To End

:

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