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June 29, 1934 - Image 4

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1934-06-29

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Roosevelt Leads
As Digest's Poll
Approaches End
Vote Is 920,357 For New
Deal, With 588,504 In
Educators Approve
Vermont Is Only State Not
Giving Roosevelt Some
Majority In Balloting
Roosevelt continues to lead by more
than three to two in the semi-final
returns of the Literary Digest poll on
the New Deal, according to the tabu-
lations to be published in tomorrow's
issue of the magazine.
Vermont is the only one of the 48
states which votes a majority against
the President's acts and policies.
Sixty-one per cent of the 1,508,861
votes now tallied express approval of
Roosevelt's program. The vote so far
is 920,357 for the New Deal to 588,504
against it.
An analysis of "how voters in this
poll voted in 1932 and how they vote
now" reveals that Roosevelt still holds
four out of five of his former adher-
ents and gains more than one out of
every three Hqover voters to his sup-
port, which gives Roosevelt a net gain
of 5.68 per cent from the 48 states as
a whole.
No Figures On Campus Poll
Figures are not yet available this
week on the special University of
Michigan campus poll conducted by
the Digest with the co-operation of
The Daily. Later returns on the col-
lege poll, including Michigan and the
other 14 institutions balloting, will be
available in the near future.
A comparison of the current na-
tional returns with the previous
week's tally shows that the President's
majority has been reduced in the Dis-
trict of Columbia and in every state
except Louisiana and Montana al-
though the losses in ratio are frac-
Eleven states give the New Deal a
majority of 55 per cent or less while
18 states and the District of Columbia
show a 55 to 65 per cent affirmative
vote in the poll. Twelve other states
show a majority for the New Deal of
from 65 to 75 per cent and seven ad-
ditional states, all in the South, give
the President a vote of confidence of
from three to one to nearly six to one.
Ratios Compared
A comparison of the ratios in this
New Deal poll with the official vote
Roosevelt received in 1932 indicates
that he has gained favor in 25 states
while he loses popularity in 23 other
states, which are mainly in the South
and Middle-Western agricultural dis-
Th second report of the special poll
conducted among the lawyers of the
nation gives a vote of 16,869 for the
New Deal to 14,785 against it. How-
ever, a majority vote of disapproval
is noted in 24 states.
The second report of the special
clergy poll shows that the ministers
continue to vote in favor of the New
Deal by 12,318 "Yes" ballots to 10,089
" No" ballots, which is a slight de-
crease in ratio for Roosevelt's acts
and policies over the prior report.
The first returns of a special poll
among the educators of the nation
give the President a majority vote in
all 48 states and a combined majority
higher than in the main poll of any
of the several Digest special polls.
This expression of approval, it is
stated, is "five times as strong as was
the margin of disapproval in the

Of -the 12,267 ballots received from
educators and teachers, 8,226, or 67.06
per cent, are marked "Yes" for the
New Deal while only 4,041 are regis-
tered "No."
"That part of the Digest poll," the
magazine will state tomcrrow, "de-
fined as 'An Analysis of How Voters in
This Poll Voted in 1932 and How They
Vote Now' answers the question: Does
the poll indicate that there has been
any shift in opinion amongthose'who
voted in the Presidential election of
"In that analysis, there are first
those who 'Voted for Roosevelt in
1932.' Those who now vote 'No' in
the Digest poll may be regarded as a
loss for Roosevelt..
"Then there are those who 'Voted
for Hoover in 1932.' Those in this
group who now mark their ballots in
the Digest poll, 'Yes' represent a gain
for Roosevelt since 1932.
"Likewise the column of those who
'Voted for Others Than Roosevelt or
Hoover in 1932' may be analyzed.
There also, 'Yes' ballots represent a

Marie Dressler, Noted Screen Actress, In Battle To Regain Health

Marie Dressler, one of the great character actresses of stage and scr een, is seriously ill at Santa Barbara, Calif., from a complication of ill-
nesses, including heart and kidney ailments. At an isolated estate, onuly a few visitors are permitted to see her. Miss Dressler, who first appeared
on the stage in 1886 and began her film career in 1914, is shown at le ft in roles during the early part of her movie career. At right are two of
the characters she portrayed after her successful comeback to the scre en a few years ago. In the center she is shown in a recent portrait.

gain for Roosevelt on a basis of the
figures in the Digest poll.
Roosevelt Wins Votes
"If these.two 'Yes' columns are add-
ed together, the result represents the
number of voters in the Digest poll
who have been won over to the Roose-
velt policies since they voted against
him in 1932 in the Presidential elec-
"The difference between the total
of 'Yes' ballots and the total of 'No's
who voted for Roosevelt in 1932 -
represents the shift - in other words
the net gain or loss for Roosevelt on
the basis of the figures in the Digest
"The analysis of the figures in' the
Digest poll indicates that Roosevelt
has incurred net losses of support
among poll voters in 19 states since
1932 even though he still 'carries' all
19 of them: Indiana, Iowa, S. Dakota,
Nebraska, Kansas, Maryland, Virgin-
ia, N. Carolina, S. Carolina, Georgia,
Florida, Kentucky, Tennessee, Alaba-
ma, Mississippi, Arkansas, Louisiana,
Oklahoma, and Texas.
Net Gain Of 5.68 Per Cent
"Applying that same analysis to the
total of all the Digest poll-voters who
voted in 1932, the result indicates a
net gain of 5.68 per cent from the
48 States considered as a whole.
"The current Digest poll indicates a
favorable ratio of 61 per cent. Roose-
velt's ratio of the popular vote in 1932
was 57.32 per cent -only 3.68 per
cent less than the President's ratio as
indicated in the report on the Digest
poll for this week.
"The list of marginal states that
give Roosevelt less than a 55 per cent
ratio of 'Yes' ballots now includes
Colorado, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa,
Kansas, Maine, Massachusetts, Ne-
braska, New Hampshire, South Da-
"Six of those ten states are on the
edge. Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, South
Dakota, Massachusetts, New Hamp-
shire, give the New Deal less than a
2.50 per cent marginal ratio of ap-
proval. South Dakota is nearest the
line with a favorable ratio of only
57.75 per cent.
Five States Stand Fast
"Five states stand fast outside that
5 per cent marginal lead for the Presi-
dent. Connecticut, Delaware, Idaho,
New Jersey, Rhode Island, and the
District of Columbia - none of those
have recorded as high as a 42 per cent
unfavorable ratio.
"The report this week shows 18
states and the District of Columbia in
the 55.65 per cent 'Yes' ratio group:
Connecticut, Delaware, District of Co-
lumbia, Maryland, New Jersey, New
York, Pennsylvania, Rhode. Island,
West Virginia, Michigan, Minnesota,
Missouri, North Dakota, Ohio, Wis-
consin, Idaho, Montana, New Mexico,
"And there ar e12 states in the
65.75 per cent 'Yes' ratio group:
Washington, Oregon, Utah, Califor-
nia, Nevada, Arizona, Oklahoma, Ar-
Island Lake, 2 Miles E. of Brighton
on Grand River
Newly Decorated -- Fine Music
Dancing Nightly Except Mon. Adm 40c

Farm Of 2,000 Snails Is Latest
Hobby Of Zoology Department

A snail farm, with some 2,000 land
snails as occupants, is the latest fad
adopted by the zoology department
for research in parasites. - The farm,,
brainchild of Dr. A. E. Woodhead,
professor of parasitology, has already
produced some interesting results and
will be continued throughout the sum-
The farm actually is a series of
small land plots in the open court
of the Natural Science building, each
division containing different stages of
one important experiment. Few peo-
ple realize that snails play a big part
in the life of the common bird, but
Dr. Woodhead feels that it is some-
thing that needs further investiga-
tion - hence the extensive layout.
It seems that the land snail is often
infected with two species of parasites,
the green and the brown. Until re-
cently neither species had been dis-
covered in the United States. In the
past few years the brown parasite has
been found in widely scattered sec-
kansas, Florida, Kentucky, Virginia,'
"The greatest strength for the Pres-
ident, as indicated by this week's re-
port in the Digest poll, lies in the sev-
en States with 'Yes' ratios from 75.85
per cent: Alabama, Georgia, Louisi-
ana, Mississippi, North Carolina,
South Carolina, Texas."
Explosions Of Bombs
Cause Scare In Austria
VIENNA, June 28.-(tP) -Explo-
sions of bombs reverberated through-
out Austria today as terrorists ob-
served with dynamite the twentieth
anniversary of the assassination
whiCh touched off the World War.
Railroads, power plants and build-
ings were the targets of bombers, who
were active particularly in Central
and Western provinces of the Na-
Police of a dozen cities found their
records of outrages rising, but were
making little progress in checking the
increasing wave of violence.

tions of the country, but not in suf- Sum m er School
ficient quantities to permit productive
study. To Dr. Woodhead goes the Officers were elected for the sum
honor of finding the first species of mer chapter of Pi Lambda Theta, na
the green parasites outside of Europe. tional education honorary fraternit3
at a meeting held Wednesday night a
From the damp marsh-lands near To- the Women's League. The organiza
ledo he has brought thousands of tion meeting followed a garden party
snails infected with both species, which was held jointly with the Wom
So far the infected snails have been en's Educational Club.
studied and photographed to show Marguerite Hall, president, and Ol
the first half of the parasite's life ga Wright, corresponding secretar3
cycle. Technically, it is found that elected at the beginning of the las
the parasite attaches itself to the winter term, will hold their office
snail's liver, grows out through the through the summer sessions. Thos
tentacles, and then frees itself from newly elected are Muriel Wilkinsor
the host, resembling a grub laying on vice-president, and Eloise Voorheis
the ground and holding millions of recording secretary and treasurer
parasites. Accidentally the birds eat who will serve during summer schoc
them and become similarly infected, only.
All this has been studied abroad At this meeting preliminary plan
and is common knowledge to the par- were made for a meeting to be hel<
asitologist. But now it is Dr. Wood- next Monday night, at which F
head's idea to investigate what actu- Lambda Theta will be hostesses t
ally happens to the bird that eats the the Women's Educational Club in th
snail or the parasite. Alumnae Room at the League.

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