T.H.E MICHIGAN DAILY
detail Sales In
The Tigers' Number One Local Talent
1933 Only Half
Of 1929 Figure
Census Bureau Statement
Shows Sales Of Twenty-
Five Billion Last Year
Average Wages For Full
Time Employes $992 In
1933; $1,312 In 1929
WASHINGTON, Aug. 9. - Retail
sales in the United States in 1933, as
disclosed by the preliminary reports
of the Census of American Business,
aggregate nearly 25% billion dollars.
The exact amount is subject to some
adjustment in the course of prepara-
tion of the final reports now under
way, but is not expected to vary more
than one per cent in either direction.
This total compares with total sales
of a little more than $49,000,000,000,
and measures for the first time the
depth of the depression into which
the country had fallen - even after
taking into consideration the im-
provement in retail business occurring
during the last half of 1933, which is
included in the 1933 figures. Retail
sales started a marked and stead
upward movement about July of 1933.
The effect of this factor is unknown,
but it is evident that the amount of
drop from the peak of 1929 would
have been even greater had the year
not included five to six months of this
steady increase in business.
Totals From State Reports
The United States totals now avail-
able are the aggregate of the prelim-
inary State Reports which have been
coming out of the Census Bureau
since the end of May of this year,
when the first States (Montana and
New Mexico) were released. Prem-
inary totals for the populous Eastern
States, which contain 'a large per-
centage of chain stores the last of
whose figures the Bureau obtained
only a week ago, aremade available
coincident with this summary for the
entire country.n h
Full-time retail employment in the
United States during the first quarter
of 1933 averaged 2,487,008; during the
second quarter the average was 2,-
096,101; third quarter, 2,749,889; last
three months of 1933, 2932,240. In ra-
tio to the year's average the same
figures are 9 per cent, 96 per cent,
102 per cent and 109 per cent respect-
Part-time retail employmfent dur-
ing the first quarter averaged 624,152;
second quarter, 13,496; third quarter,
737,876; last three months, 848,077.
Ratios to the year's average of part-
time employment .are 85 per cent, 98
per cent, 101 per cent and 116 per cent
In comparison with the above, the
Retail Census reports for 1929 showj
combined ful-time and part-time
employment ratios as follows:-
Average for year 1929, 100 per cent;
employment April 15, 97 per cent;
employment July 15, 98 per cent; em-
ployment October 15, 101, per cent;
employment December 15, 104 per
The ratios existing in 1929 are con-
sidered to con t'tute a fair measure
of seasonal variation in retail em-
ployment. Improvement in business
activity in the last half of 1933, as
distinguished, from mere seasonal
pickup, can be measured with some
degree of accuracy in the difference
between the 1929 seasonal increases
and the much greater increases in the
last :two quarters of 1933 as shown
Compared with the 1929 sales fig-
ures, as disclosed by the Retail Cen-
sus of that year, the 1933 sales show
a drop in retail volume of nearly 48
per cent. Full-time employment de-
creased about 30 per cent and the
corresponding payroll about 47 per
Part-time employment, however,
increased and part-time payroll was,
nearly 1% times as much as in 1929.
There is practically no change in the
number of stores. The number of
proprietors woirking in their own
stores in .lieu of employees increased
61,981 or about 4 per cent.
Subject to minor adjustment, as a
result of later computation of part-
time employment in stores operating
less than a full year, the Census fig-
ures show that the annual compensa-
tion of the average full-time employ-
ee, which in 1929 was $1,312, de-
creased to $992. Athough full-time
payroll decreased in about the same
ratio as sales, other expenses, could
not be brought down in like propor-
tion; as a result, the wage cost and
total operating' expense ratio to sales
increased considerably. The Bureau
is not prepared at this time, until the
fuller details in the final reports, are
available, to indicate more than the
fact that the expense ratio will show
a considerable increase.
Malt Provides Sizeable
Part Of State Revenue
His Own Bottle
Federal Agents Will War
Against Illicit Sales in
Fliers Fail In Canada-Bagdad Flight Attempt
Charley Gehringer, second baseman of the League-leading Detroit
Tigers, has turned out to be both parts of the good defense which is the
best offense. Admittedly the best second baseman in the game, Charley
stands high in the batting averages. Gehringer is 'local boy' through
and through, as Detroit picked him from the ball field at Fowlerville,
Michigan and personally developed him for the 'big time.'
Navin Gets A Kick From The
Hone-Grown Talent Of Tigers
By EARL J. HILLIGAN
(AssociatedAPress Staff Writer)
DETROIT, Aug. 9. - U/P) - Frank
J. Navin, owner of the Detroit Tigers,
admits he is getting more satisfac-
tion and thrill out of the present Ben-
gal team thane he has had in more
than 30 years in baseball.
"You know, there is a certain thrill
and satisfaction in getting what you
want, but the satisfaction is greater
when you .build it yourself, whether
it be a home, a garden, or a baseball
team," he says.
"I mean by that, it would be a great
thrill to have a team battling for a
pennant even if you had had to buy
all the players, but our present team
was developed almost in its entirety
by ourselves. That is what is giving
me the biggest thrill I have had since
I entered the game hback in 1904.
]develop 15 Of 22
"Fifteen of the 22 players on our
-team now," he continued after a check
of the record books, "were developed
by us in the minor leagues.
"We found the boys on the lots or
on the college diamonds, and brought
them along. That's the thrill of own-
ing a ball club - to see your own ef-
forts bringing results."
The list, as he read it from the
books, was as follows: Hank Green-
berg, Eldon Auker, Tommy Bridges,
Flea Clifton, Frank Doljack, Pete
Fox, Charley Gehringer, Luke Ham-
lin, Ray Hayworth, Elon Hogsett,
Schoolboy Rowe, Vic Sorrell, Gerald
Walker, Joyner White and Clarence
"Not Forgetting Pennant Winners"
Digging into his bag of memories,
Navin said he was "not forgetting old
Hughie Jennings and his team" which
won pennants in 1907, 1908, and 1909.
"But it was easier to get players in
those days," he explains. "There were
50 or 60 minor leagues then, com-
pared to the dozer or so now, and
players developed faster. It is a hard-
er 'task now, and that's why I.say ther
present team is giving me more sat-
Navin admitted he got a thrill out
of his 1910 and 1911 teams, which
finished second after injuries had
hurt their pennant chances.
"But there have been many thrills,"
he continued. "One of the best was
that provided by the team of 1915.
That year we won 100 games, enough
to win the pennant in 99 years out
of 100, but we were forced to finish
second to Boston, which had an ex-,
ceptional team that year. That wasj
the Bostopi team'which boasted Ruth+
and that great outfield of Tris Speak-
er, Duffy Lewis, and Harry Hooper.
It was a disappointment when we
battled them down the stretch and+
lost the final series with the Red
Navin also admitted that the Tigers
had a "good ball club" about 10
years ago when Ty Cobb, Bobby
Veach, Harry Heilmann, Ira Flag-
stead and Heinie Manush were on
the roster, but said "the thrills have'
been few since then."
The Tiger owner, emphasizing that'
'"anything might happen and wreck
a club's chances," said that if the
Tigers escape injuries and the pitch-
er's arms stay in shape his club should
"be up there at the finish."
The University of Michigan Biolo-
gical Station, Douglas Lake, Cheboy-
gan County, Aug. 6. -The students
of the Biological Station spent much
of their time last week with the prep-
aration of exhibits which were the
primary attractions of Visitors' Day
on Sunday, August 5. The exhibits
consisted of material prepared and
studied by the various classes in their
respective fields and were displayed
by exhibitors who answered questions
to the best of their knowledge.
The crowd of about 700, although
not as large as last year's, was suf-
ficiently great to provide - plenty of
activity for the guides as well as those
on the parking and other committees.
I A large proportion of our visitors were
summer residents. License plates on
their cars showed that 14 states were
. The weather conditions for Visitors'
Day were ideal; the sky was clear, a
delightfully cool breeze continued
throughout the day.
The party held Friday evening was
unusual. The first part of the eve-
ning was given to singing on the
beach around a huge bon fire, with
popcorn and roasted marshmallows
for refreshments. Dancing in the
Visitors at the Station last week
were Miss Helene Dedrick, a former
student, and her mother. Mr. Venner
E. Brace of Grand Rapids, brother
of Dr. Brace, and his party were
guests on Sunday.
Florence D. Muyskens, '37
By FRANK 1. WELLER
(Associated Press Staff Writer)
WASHINGTON, Aug. 9. - Uncle
Sam has decided to walk up to the
bootlegger, jerk his bottle out of his
pocket and chase him with it.
That is the figurative sense of the
law, just put into effect, prohibiting
refill, reuse, resale or purchase of
empty liquor bottles.
It leaves only one thing safe to do
- break them. Fill them with more
liquor and there may be a $1,000 fine
to pay, with maybe two years behind
the bars. It's risky to keep them, and
riskier to give them away.
Complaints that second-hand bot-
tles are used for illicit liquor sales
have been numerous. It is charged
that such bottles are refilled, recapped
and put into trade by bootleggers
under the guise of being genuine.
Some places serving liquor have been
accused of keeping bad liquor in good
"Battle of Bottles"
So that he might battle the boot-
legger with his own bottle Uncle
Sam has made possession of an empty
one as dangerous as custody of a full
one was in pre-repeal days.
The new rules approach the stern
penalties of the prohibition laws in
specifying what can and what can't
be done with the bottles in which
spirits are sold, as well as how, where
and when brand new bottles may be
made and dispensed. The mandate
starts with the glass-blowing plant,
runs through every step of production
and distribution, and ends at the con-
Bottle makers must have treasury
permits before they can manufacture
a bottle. They can deliver only to cer-
tified distillers, rectifiers, importers
More Strictures Coming
The next step in.,the bottle war
on bootleggers will come on November
1 when a series of rules will instruct
the liquor industry as to just how it
may fill bottles and what kind of
bottles may be used. On that date
rules become effective that all empty
liquor bottles imported must have a
blown-in inscription showing name
of the city of origin, name of im-
porter and the warning against reuse
Then, after the first of the year,
no spirits for retail may be imported
unless the bottles comply with the
rules on inscription.
In addition to controlling the bottle
traffic in its war on bootleggers the
federal government collects an occu-
pational tax from all liquor and beer
handlers. The names are kept in an
open record which is available to the
authorities in event dry states wish
to trace violations of their prohibi-
Worries For Bootlegger j
Unless the bootlegger pays an oc-
cupational tax he is subject to arrest
on a Federal charge of tax evasion.
If he pays it in a dry state local
officials may arrest him for violating
prohibition laws. He is not subject to
Federal arrest unless caught trans-
porting liquor into a dry state or
found selling liquor on which the Fed-
eral tax has not been paid.
A new era in Federal and state co-
operation is expected as a result of
Secretary Morgenthau's plan to use
the Chicago district as a laboratory
for testing the alcohol tax unit's
power against the bootlegger. The
area comprises Illinois, Indiana, and
Wisconsin. The results of the cam-
paign there to enforce revenue laws
may be used as a basis for nation-
Mint Julep Worth Dollar
This Magistrate Thinks
NEW YORK, Aug. 9. - (P) -One
dollar is not too inueh to pay for
a good mint julep, in the opinion of
Magistrate Louis B. Brodsky.
He expressed this opinion today
when David Murray, 30 years old, ap-
peared before him for refusing to
pay a bill of $3.10 which Murray in-
curred at a broadway night club. One
item on the bill was $1 for a mint
Reports Asked On
LANSING, Aug. 9. - The gasoline
tax division of, the Department of
State has again called the attention
of licensed wholesale gasoline dis-
tributors to the necessity for complete
detailed reports on gasoline sold by
their various outlets for aviation pur-
Funds available for the Board of
Aeronautics to carry on its work of
promoting aviation in Michigan and
in improving airports, are obtained
from the tax paid on gasoline used by
airplanes. The tax is collected by the
Department of State in connection
with the collection of the automobile
gasoline tax and unless retailers give
a complete detailed report of all gas
sold for aviation purposes, it is im-
possible for the wholesale distribu-
tors to make a proper accounting in
the monthly tax report.
The majority of wholesalers con-
scientiously record and report their
aviation gas sales but department ex-
ecutives believe many retailers have
overlooked the importance of proper
accounting and that as a result the
work of developing aviation fields has
2:00 -Michigan Theatre, "Let's
Talk It Over" with Chester Morris
and Mae Clarke.
2:00-Majestic Theatre, "A Mod-
ern Hero" with Richard Barthelmess.
2:00 - Wuerth Theatre, two fea-
tures, "The Trumpet Blows" with
George Raft and "Meet The Baron"
with Jack Pearl.
,4:00 -Same features at the three
7:00 - Same features at the three
8:30 - Eugene O'Neill's "Marco
Millions" by the Michigan Repertory
Players, Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
9:00 -Social evening, Michigan
Canoeing on the Huron every af-
ternoon and evening.
Dancing at the Blue Lantern Ball-
room, Island Lake.
Dancing at the Whitmore Lake Pa-
vilion, Whitmore Lake.
London, Fail In
Canadian Aviators Short
Of Object After Flying'
About 3,700 Miles
LONDON, Aug. 9.-(P) -"The Trail
of the Caribou" landed here today
after a flight of 3.1 hours and 55 min-
utes from Wasaga Beach.
The fliers, James Ayling and Leon-
ard Reid, had set out to establish
a new long distance record with Bag-
dad, Iraq, as their goal.
Their landing means that they only
covered a little more than half of the
6,300 miles they had set as their ob-
The Canadian airmen set their
black biplane down on Heston Airfield
after covering approximately 3,700
They were sighted at 4:55 p.m.,
G.M.T. (11:55 a.m., E.S.T.) over Stag
Lane Airdrome. They hopped off from
Canada at 5:12 a.m. E.S.T. Wednes-
Consequently, their time in the air
was estimated at 30 hours and 55
minutes at the time of sighting.
Their rapidly diminishing supply of
gasoline forced the fliers to change
their plans and decide to land in Eng-
land, Reid said.
Betsy Barbour To Hold
Last Of Faculty Teas
Betsy Barbour House will conclude
its series of teas and faculty dinners
with a final tea from 4 to 5 p.m. to-
Mrs. Leona B. Diekema, director of
the dormitory will pour. The affair is
open to the women of Betsy Barbour
and any guests that they ask.
Barbara Bates, social chairman,
has charge of general arrangements,
assisted by Charlotte Breidenstein,
Bernice Francis, Esther Shewe, Evan-
geline Papageorge, Virginia Brown,
and Mary Chisholm.
ENGLISH GLIDING SUBSIDIZED
LONDON, Aug. 9.-(R) -To pro-
mote gliding in Great Britain, the
British government has undertaken
to provide financial support up to a
maximum of $25,000 annually for five
-Associated Press Photo
* * *
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Phone 2-1214. Place advertisements with
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WANTED: Transportation to Eastern
Pennsylvania after Summer Ses-
sion. Will share expenses. Call Sam
at 2-3143. 68
WANTED: MEN'S OLD AND NEW
suits. Will pay 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7 dole
lars. Phone Ann Arbor 4306. Chi-
cago Buyers. Temporary office, 200
North Main. 2x
WOULD LIKE transportation for two
to Vermont or New Hampshire at
end of Summer School. Phone
LAUNDRY 2-1044. Sox darned.
Careful work at low price, lx
.Loch Ness Watcher
LONDON, Aug. 9.-(P)-Yes,
there is=a Loch Ness monster - if you
accept the findings of Sir Edward
The reported presence of the mys-
terious marine animal in the,Scottish
lake had piqued the public curiosity
for many months, along with the cur-
iosity of-Sir Edward, a leading bus-
Determined to get at the bottom of
the thing, he organized a party of 20
watchers. After peering into the lake
for a month they report that beyond
doubt Loch Ness harbors some "un-
Sir Edward's watchers agree the
creature has a relatively small head,
shows "two or three" humps when
near the surface, and moves with such
remarkable speed through the water,
he, or she or it creates a big wash.
During the month, the patient ob-
servers said, they were rewarded 211
4-; INI eli nco ofthnan mal il
al AN ALL-DAY OUTING..
continues with dozens of
Money-Saving Values in
DRESSES -- SUITS
f SWEATERS -- SKIRTS
HOSIERY -- GLOVES
Splendid choice of dresses from
is1 to 241,. Also an exceptional
group of plain crepes and prints
in 12 and 14 sizes.
' Cottons at $1.75 & $2.75