THE_ M I C HAI GAN DAILY SATAY A
Birth Rate Fails
To Increase As'
Hoped By Italy
Population Expansion To
60,000,000 Subjects By
1934 Breaks Down
Figures Show Increase Of
30,000 During 1933;
Death Rate Low
ROME, Aug. 3. - (P) - The parson
has been working overtime in obedi-
ence to Premier Mussolini's require-
ments for a numerically stronger and
greater race, but so far the stork
has refused to do his share. His fail-
ure is a major problem her'e.
Il Duce has asked for a total pop-
ulation of sixty million Italians by
1934 to invigorate the peninsular and
colonial race now computed at 42,-
Surtaxed bachelors have dwindled
in number under the constant glare
of blackshirt publicity, maidens have
gone to the altar in droves. Even
fascist officials who thought they
were old enough to know and fare
better, have found it convenient to
take the official hint involving golden
Far From Expectations
Marriages have been stepped up to
a tempo of 99,300 for the first four
months of the current year against
niot quite 95,000 for the same period
But the resultshhave been disap-
pointing. Births have staggered along
in thin lines behind the barrage of
governmental and clerical propa-
ganda for large families.
Births in the first four months of
1934 were 13,748. In the same period
in 1933 they were 12,796 and in 1932
The slight advance in the more-
babies campaign shown in these fig-
ures is not consoling to fascist offi-
cials. It is far from the expectations
of three or four years ago when the
campaign first started. And it has
stumped the government with the
problem of balancing the birth rate
between the fecund peasant hordes
of southern Italy and the industrial
and farm workers of the north.
"If it were not for the Italians of
southern Italy," Mussolini's Milan
newspaper, Popolo d'Italia, recently
warned, "the population would short-
ly dwindle to less than 30,000,000."
Death Rate Drops
Following the gloomier view of sta-
tistics, the newspaper and others re-
vealed that the year's total increase
in population for 1933 was only 30,-
500 more than the increase for the
This was due largely to a decline
in the death rate directly traceable
to campaigns against malaria and
tuberculosis, and to other national
achievements looking toward the pro-
longation of life.
Meanwhile new young citizens who
passed through the first dangers of
birth and infancy in 1933 were 842,
756, or 11,532 fewer than the prev-
In 1924, years before the fascist
race campaign got under way, sta-
tistics show 1,124,470 children were
born successfully to the kingdom.
Spasmodic storms of publicity
sweep over the country, almost com-
manding the people to cast aside
"small family" ideas and produce
their 10 or 12 children for the na-
Chancellor Hitler Visits Home Of Von Hindenberg
Will Prevent Speculators
From Raising Prices On
Account Of Drought
(Copyright,1934, by theAssociated Press)
WASHINGTON, Aug. 3.-- (A') -
The government disclosed plans today
to thwart wildcat speculation or "cor-
ners" in the nation's food in the af-
termath of the drouth disaster.
Perhaps the most potent weapon is
power under the AAA to buy surplus-
es of farm commodities for future
use, thereby striking a blow at any
attempt to kite prices because of rela-
tive scarcity. The foods thus bought
by the government could be distrib-
uted to the needy, resold through
commercial channels or shipped into
drought areas where needed.
For the immediate future, officials
predict that supplies will be ample
and prices relatively low. This is
due to heavy marketings, particularly
of livestock which the drought threat-
ened to kill.
Through the winter, though, the
normal reaction would be smaller food
supplies and higher prices.
The administration will try to level
off this variation, guarantee ample
supplies for all sections and prevent
wide fluctuations in prices.
"Security lies somewhere midway
between glut and scarcity," said Vic-
tor A. Chritgau, acting farm admin-
An organization is being formed
within the administration to deter-
mine actual and potential supplies of
all food products, availability of imT-
ports, normal price ranges, and
whether market operators might tie
up any large part of these supplies.
-Associated Press Photo
This Associated Press picture, sent to New York by radio, shows Adolf Hitler (left), shakng hands
with Col. Oskar von Hindenburg, son of Germany's late president, when Hitler visited at the von Hindenburg
home in Neudeck, East Prussia, a few hours before the venerated former field marshal died. Also shown are
William Breuckner right), Hitler's adjutant, and Otto Meissner, German secretary of state.
Athletes At Oxford Are Not
Governed By Training Rules
EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the third
of a series of four articles on English
university athletic customs and tradi-
tions written for The Associated Press
by John W. Follows, former University
of Wisconsin and later Oxford star
track man, who also attended Cornell
University. He has received special per-
mission from the Amateur Athletic
Unionsof the United States to write
III. Attitudes Toward Training
Once upon a time a celebrated Bel-
gian crew went over to England to
meet the Thames oarsmen. London-
ers were utterly dumbfounded to see
the entire crew walk out of the boat-
house smoking big black cigars.
Similarly, New York newspapers
expressed astonishment recently when
the Cambridge rugby team seemed
less abstemious than American play-
We like to be fooled. We like to
think that following a Spartan set of
training rules will magically trans-
form the perspiring athlete into a
An American college coach posts
a diet sheet on the locker room bul-
letin board. He warns against cakes
and pastries, cabbages and cauli-
flowers, pork and veal, tea and cof-
To be seen smoking a cigarette,
drinking a glass of beer, or attending
a dance during training is cause for
suspension from most athletic teams.
But suppose you do enjoy a few
bites of strawberry shortcake two
weeks before the big game? Will it
stunt your growth? Will it entangle
The American coach is no longer
the stern taskmaster he was 20 years
ago. He realizes that the best diet
for a man is usually the one he is ac-
customed to. But like a priest, he
relies upon mystification and cere-
mony to retain absolute control over
his men. The athlete, too, derives a
monkish satisfaction in religiously
obeying training rules, and enjoys
a thrill of wickedness in occasional
Among Oxford athletes, only crew-
men follow strict training rules. Few
of the others are aware that there
is such a thing as a training diet. They
eat, drink and do what they like.
Jack Lovelock gayly goes for a
swim the day before he runs against
Beccali, and drinks seven successive
cups of tea the day after setting a
new three-quarter-mile record.
Tom Hampson smokes five cigar-
ettes a day, yet at Los Angeles he
broke the world's record for 800 me-
ters. If he chooses to bask incthe
smoke of burning leaves, an occa-
sional cigarette does him no harm.
Small doses of poison do not have a
perceptibly deleterious effect on a
But it must not be supposed that
Oxford men gallop about footloose
and fancy-free on the wide prairie of
impulse. Nearly all of them live nor-
mal, healthful lives. Less than half
are habitual smokers and undergrad-
uates rarely drink -anything stronger
than a "shandy" or a glass of old
ale from their college cellars.
Jack, the athletes' massive mas-
seur, holds that "a pint of stout is the
best bit of a tonic an athlete can
have." Certain vices, once thought tc
be the prerogatives of gentlemen, are
fast vanishing into oblivion.
Oxonians spend as much time at
their sports as American athletes bul
are accustomed to much less vigorous
workouts. They air to get their bod-
ies into shape by moral suasion in-
stead of physical violence.
Tradition demands that Oxford's
athletes obey just two training rules:
1. That they eata enormous break-
fasts. 2. That they spend a week at
the seaside before meeting Cam-
bridge. Judging by results, the first
is designed to induce stomach trou-
ble; the second, a cold in the head.
A porpoise eight feet long weighing
about 500 pounds was washed ashore
at Galveston, Tex.
Where To Go
2:00 -Michigan Theatre, "Smarty"
with Joan Blondell and Warren Wil-
2:00 - Majestic Theatre, "The Old-
Fashioned Way" with W. C. Fields.
2:00 - Wuerth Theatre, two fea-
tures, "You're Telling Me" with W.
C. Fields and "Come On Marines"
with Richard Arlen.
4:00 - Same features at the three
7:00 -Same features at
8:30 -Elizabeth McFadden's "Dou-
ble Door" by the Michigan Repertory
Players, Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
Canoeing on the Huron every af-
ternoon and evening.
Dancing at the Blue Lantern Ball-
room, Island Lake.
Dire forecasts appear in the press.
The French population decline is
held up as a horrible example. Lack of
fecundity in Germany, England andE
the United States is played in head-
lines to contrast to birthrates of the
Orient; and Italy is warned that she,
must bestir herself if she would offset
the population increase of Slavs.
A Negro President in the White
House was cited by the Popolo
d'Italia recently as what might be
the result of America's indifference to
its race-purifying problem.
Behind the jibes at small families
are practical government measures
to swing the recalcitrants into line.
Bachelor taxeswere increased recent-
ly by 50 per cent a year, scaled to
the individual's income. This brings
the minimum - for clerks or work-
men earning $40 a month -up to
about $10 a year.-
Members of the recently installed
chamber of deputies went to their
seats on inaugural day only after
having produced evidence of a wife
or. promise to marry.
Synder Wins Title
In Tennis Finals
Bob Zuppke, University of Illinois
coach, took the lead yesterday in the
nation-wide poll to select a coach for
the all-star team of 1934 college grad-
uates which will meet the Chicago
Bears, National professional league
champions, in Chicago, August 31.
Zuppke was third behind Noble Ki-
zer of Purdue and Lou Little of Co-
lumbia at the last tabulation, but
forged ahead as Kizer dropped, to
fourth and Little retained second
place, with Dick Hanley of North-
Harry Kipke, Michigan coach, ad-
vanced one place to sixth choice.
Kipke has received his support from
the entire country, not being limited
to one locality.
Less than 1,500 points, Dased on
selection of fans for first, second, and
third choices, separated Zuppke in
first place and Jimmy Crowley of
Fordham in fifth, indicating a close
Seek State Department
Aid In Poderjay Case
NEW YORK, Aug. 3. -(P) -Dis-
trict Attorney William C. Dodge to-
day asked Gov. Lehman to request the
state department to cause detention
with a view to extradition of Ivan
Poderjay, husband of the missing
Agnes Tufverson, who is being held
A New York county grand jury
Thursday returned an indictment
charging perjury against Poderjay.
The charge resulted from an ap-
plication for a marriage license he
made Dec. 4 last just before he mar-
ried Miss Tufverson.
Photos Taken On Falls
Trip May Be Ordered
It was announced yesterday by Pro-
fessor-emeritus William H. Hobbs
that some of the pictures taken on the
recent excursion to Niagara Falls have
been loaned to him for a display at
Calkins-Fletcher's State Street store.
Members of the party may obtain
A~ 9he Hallmarkj
Which has a News agent
in practically every
City in the ord
The summer school intramural
sports program neared completion as
the singles tennis crown was taken by
A. Synder in defeating R. Edmond-
son yesterday, 6-4, 6-3. All the other
tournament matches moved into the
semi-final and final rounds.
E. Normand defeated R. Moriarty
on the University course, 3-2, to ad-
vance to the final round of the all-
campus golf tournament. The other