THE MICHIGAN DAILY
MONDAY, JUNE 29, 1
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
Official Publication of the Summer Session
ican Legion made its voice heard and effective.
Students in politics have sometimes reflected
the playfulness of collegiate pranks. Notable is
the case of Amherst, where students, appearing
at a town meeting en masse, successfully forced
through a measure to build a new city hall of glass,
one foot long and one foot wide.
The political campaign this year deserves some
official recognition from the student body of
Michigan, particularly because the campaign is to
decide an issue fundamental to the future course
of the country. Some of the lectures to be given
by members of the faculty during the summer
are to deal with issues which must be decided by
the electorate; The Daily will from time to time
carry interviews with men trained to observe the
course of political events and to sift vital truth
from political camouflage. All encouragement
should be given to student interest, if it be sin-
cere, in practical political affairs.
[As Others See It
Published every morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer Session by the Board in
Control of Student Publications.
Member of the Western Conference Editorial Associa-
tion and the Big Ten News Service.
MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for republication of all news dispatches credited to it or
not otherwise credited in this paper and the local news
published herein. Al1 .rights of republication of special
dispatches are reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second class matter. Special rate of postage granted by
Third Assistant Postmaster-General.
Subscription during summer by carrier, $1.50, by mail,
$2.00. During regular school year by carrier, $4.00; by
Offices: Student Publications Building, Maynard Street,
Ann Arbor, Michigan. Phone: 2-1214.
Representatives: National Advertising Service, Inc., 420
Madison Ave., New York City.-400 N. Michigan Ave..
MANAGING EDITOR .............THOMAS E. GROEHN
ASSOCIATE EDITOR ..............THOMAS H. KLEENE
Editorial Director ..................Marshall D. Shulman
Assistant Editors : Clinton B. Conger, Ralph W. Hurd,
Joseph S. Mattes, Elsie A. Pierce, Tuure Tenander, Jewel
W. Wuerfel, Josephine Cavanagh, Dorothea Staebler.
BUSINESS MANAGER ..........GEORGE H. ATHERTON
CREDITS MANAGER ....................JOHN R. PARK
Circulation Manager ...................J. Cameron Hall
Office Manager...........................Robert Lodge
WE WHO HAVE been associated with
the University of Michigan during
the year take great pride in welcoming those of
you who are new to Ann Arbor to the Forty-
Third SumMer Session. Our pride is justified,
we think, by the remarkable expansion undergone
by the Summer Session. Forty-three years ago,
91 students were studying from a curricula of
less than 50 courses. This year, it has been esti-
mated that the student body will reach 5,000 an
increase of more than 22 per cent over last year.
The unique facilities offered by the Summer
Session are, we believe, responsible for this out-
standing record of progress. Under the guidance
of a distinguished faculty, augmented by out-
standing men brought from other institutions, a
program of studies and educational entertainment
is offered to a student body whose objectives are
generally more clearly perceived than those of
the students during the regular session.
The first in a series of lectures on pertinent sub-
jects will be delivered today by Prof. Preston W.
Slosson on "Modern Dictatorships." The second
in a creditable series to be presented by the Mich-
igan Repertory Players, Katayev's "Squaring the
Circle," will open this evening. On Thursday a
conducted tour of the campus will be offered new
students. On Friday the faculty will hold a gen-
eral reception and on Saturday the Mich-,
igan League will offer a Social Evening.
The program for this week is an index of the
varied activity, diverting and educational, present-
ed outside the classroom during the eight weeks
of the Summer Session.
Indeed, we think you will come to agree that
Summer Session work has an atmosphere which
entirely escapes the students of the regular ses-
sion. Replacing the fraternal air of good fellow-
ship, we have instead a bond of higher seriousness
in work and greater maturity in recreation among
(From the Detroit Saturday Night)
WHEN LORD TWEEDSMUIR, the Governor-
General Buchan, talks about the English
language, he is worth listening to.
Iour native tongue, says his lordship, suffers
from two glaring sins: "jargon-words and meta-
phors which have no exact, clear-cut meaning";
and second, semi-scientific phrases incapable of
precise definition and merely a cloak for confu-
sion of thought and intellectual laziness."
Lord Tweedsmuir admits to cold, Scottish -fury
when someone asks him what his "reaction" is.
"I suppose they meant what I thought," says he.
"Why could they not say that?"
He heartily agree. We feel the same way when
sombody announces he is going to "proposition"
us. As for people who habitually refer to every
activity under the sun as a "racket"-out upon
them! When someone states that "my thought"
is so and so, let us promptly show him the door.
Citizens who classify as "smart" everything from
a depilatory to a Rolls-Royce should be confined
to a desert island, likewise social workers and
others who keep dinning the word "integrate"
in our ears.
We have the richest, most comprehensive lan-
guage in the world. Why not use it?
On The Record
. (From the Boston Globe)
'HE SURPRISE ELEMENT is as lacking in the
. Democratic platform as it has been during
the other parts of the proceedings at Philadelphia.
This must have been disappointing to those who
predicted ructions when the delegates of the ma-
jority party got together. There was no walkout,
although there must have been some people
who expected to see an indignant figure striding
toward the door. Nor was the telegram which
looked so dynamic in print potent in causing the
delegates to hesitate before renominating the
man in the White House. And there were no
pitched battles about rules, even over the change
by which the two-thirds requirement of a century
was dropped in favor of majority combinations.
The Democrats are now like the Republicans
with whom candidates are considered chosen when
they attain a majority. Another similarity is the
promise of reapportionment in party representa-
tion giving the states which produce more Demo-
crats a larger share in the management. The
Republicans already have this plan.
Nobody believes, however, that the candidate
will find it necessary to explain the sense in
which he accepts the platform. Of course Mr.
Roosevelt has had his hands on the controls.
His fellow members of the party, recalling his
record of success at the polls, except in 1920, have
decided to leave him undisturbed as the leader of
their effort to remain in power. And he has clung
to his established technique. Four years ago he
broke a precedent by flying to Chicago to accept
the nomination in person instead of remaining
at home to be apprised of the honor many weeks
The platform of 1932 broke another precedent
by its brevity and directness. The literary form
set an example which is followed again this year.
In this the Republicans have fallen in with the
method set by the Democrats. Their platform
is far more readable than is usual with such
The party in power must run on its record,
the alternative being to confess to mistakes, but
that is never done in politics. In pointing to
the past three years the Democrats, however, are
disposed to point also to the 12 years before that,
when the Republicans were in charge of the Fed-
eral government. What the administration would
like would be to have the Republicans run on their
The emphasis of the philadelphia platform
is on human values, protection of the family, op-
portunity for all the people and aid to those over-
taken by disaster. The comparatively brief docu-
ment goes over this ground in general terms, de-
claring the intentions of the party and pointing
to what has been attempted.
The platform is not very specific, but that is
probably just as well for those who must con-
duct the campaign. Large room is left for the
President and those working with him to enlarge
upon the text. As a campaign moves toward its
conclusion issues develop. Lapse of time makes
this inevitable. The utterances of an opponent are
seized upon and explanations are demanded, as in
any debate. The character of the support being
received by the opposition ticket often makes a
--, a io m T ,, tarannc of ain --nnm -n
JOHN GABRIEL BORKMAN
By FRANCES J. MANCHESTER
TT IS A CHALLENGE FOR an amateur group to
follow closely upon the heels of a professional
season but the Michigan Repertory Players met
this challenge with ease and distinction in their
opening production, Ibsen's John Gabriel Bork-
man. In fact they achieve a greatness which the
recent habitues of the Mendelssohn failed to attain
throughout their program.
The play is one of Ibsen's lesser known works.
It deals with three very old people who have
made wrecks of their lives and who seek atone-
ment in the life of young Erhart Borkman
(Charles Harrell). The three very old ones are
John Gabriel Borkman (Frederic Crandall), the
boy's father, Gunhild Borkman (Claribel Baird),
the boy's mother and Ella Rentheim (Sarah
Pierce) the boy's aunt.
Gunhild's great despair was her husband's
downfall. He had been a miner's son and had
climbed to a position of esteem in the financial
world. Being a man of great vision and courage
he had invested all the securities that had been
entrusted to his bank into a venture of such mag-
nitude that had it succeeded he would have been
financial monarch of the world. Unfortunately
on the eve of its completion he was betrayed by
his closest associate. This resulted in the ruin
of everyone whose money had been used and John
Gabriel was sentenced for misappropriation of his
Gunhild was never able to forgive him for the
great shame and humiliation this caused her
and her son. She has conceived a mission for
her son, that he must consecrate his life to the
building of the name of Borkman to a loftier
height than even his father had dreamed, thus
obliterating the name of the father completely
from the memory of the people.
During the struggle for her boy Ella learns that
the man who caused John Gabriel's downfall did
so because of her. He had loved Ella and had
offered the ambitious financier his help in return
for Ella, who, without her knowledge, had evi-
dently been traded without haggling. But when
Ella refused to marry the man in spit of the
fact that John Gabriel had turned his back upon
her, he had destroyed the financier anyway.
The boy Erhart, it seems, has plans of his own.
He is choked by the deathlike atmosphere of his
home and he finds the life and glamour and easy
abandon of the ouside world appealing to his
tastes in the very pleasant company of a gay di-
vorcee, Mrs. Fanny Wilton (Ruth Le Roux), It
is her company that he chooses, leaving the
three very old people to further life in shadow.
But John Gabriel escapes the, shadow through
death and the twin sisters are left clasping hands
at last over the death of the man they both
The play is similar in tone to Ibsen's Pillars of
Society, but it lacks that play's greatness because
the principal characters are so completely ingrown.
Their tragedies are their own. They are not
touched by eah other except as they themselves
are caused to suffer-Ella's heartbreak. Gunhild's
humiliation, and John Gabriel's wrecked career
cut them down and they cannot rise again except
through Erhart in whom they all seek strength.
But this lack of greatness is forceful in itself.
The play settles as a cold damp fog upon its au-
dience. It does not exalt as a tragedy of great
people yet it moves its listeners through the
power of its realism.
Miss Pierce, Mrs. Baird and Mr. Crandall pre-
sent their characters with a vividness and a sure-
ness which is as fine as anything this reviewer has
seen on the Mendelssohn stage in many a long
year. The monotony of their drab existences
penetrates until the audience is completely fas-
cinated by their profound wretchedness.
Ibsen gave them a great scene in the second
act, which is probably the best single act he ever
wrote. The actors invest it with honesty and
dignity. The death scene is another instance of
their superior treatment.
Charles Harrell and James Doll offer them ex-
There are only two instances in which the pro-
duction falls short, in the character of Fanny
Wilton and in the breaking of the last scene. Ruth
Le Roux's Fanny Wilton is not a character of
sufficient charm to carry conviction. She has not
visualized her sufficiently to realize the weight
she must carry as the opposing force. She needs
a more sweeping assurance in both her scenes
to convince us of the glamour which she is sup-
posed to promise Erhart.
And in breaking the last scene so completely
the emotional concentration of the audience is
disturbed, the break coming as it does at a point
which would leave the play with an ending
for which the audience's hopes have been raised.
But if John Gabriel Borkman is indicative of
the quality of work which we may expect from the
Players throughout the season, we are justified
in anticipating a program well worth our at-
the engagement is for position. He who fights
upon the field he prefers has the better prospect
of success. Therefore in the months to come it
is to be expected that the two contending groups
will be trying each other out in the endeavor to
But both of the camps have the drawing power
of the new "third ticket" to think about. Each
must try to arrange that the other is the one to
lose more votes to the newcomers. The struggle
between now and November will be something
more than a two-party affair. Each major group
must look at the horizon as it seeks to outwit the
VOL. XVI No. 1
MONDAY, JUNE 29, 1936I
Excursion No. 1. Tour of the Cam-
pus: The students will make an in-
spection of the Cook Legal Reseach
Library, Law Quadrangle, Michigan
Union, General Library, Clements
Library, Aeronautical Laboratory,
and Naval Tank. Those who wish to
attend should meet in the lobby of
Angell Hall, Thursday, July 2, at 2
p.m. The party will go in four sec-
tions, 2 o'clock, 2:10, 2:20 and 2:30.
There is no charge for this excursion.
Graduate students in mathematics
or any one of the sciences expecting
to bcome candidates for the doctor-
ate and wishing to take the required
French and German examination
during the present summer session
or to have information concerning
the same are requested to meet with
Prof. A. O. Lee on Wednesday, July
1 at 4:15 in Room 306 U. H.
Summer Session Orchestra: All
University students are welcome,
Mondays and Wednesdays, 2 to 3
p.m., Ann Arbor High School.
University Summer Session Chor-
us: All University students are wel-
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University Suner Session MenI's University Summer Session Band:
All University students are welcome
Glee Club: All University men are tacnie i ae6
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302 S. State St.
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CAN DY SO D A S
In Politics .
For the 26th Summer....
Ann Arbor's Best Dressed Men
and Women Will Have Their
AMORE PRACTICAL approach to
the problem of teaching citizenship
is suggested by Prof. 0. Garfield Jones in the lat-
est issue of the National Municipal Review.
Students in Professor Jones' citizenship train-
ing course in the University of Toledo have since
1919 actively participated in political campaigns
in the city of Toledo. In 1928, undergfaduates
and alumni together won approval for a $2,-
850,000 bond issue which financed a new Univer-
sity campus. Later, University students helped
to secure passage for a charter amendment which
gave to Toledo a city manager form of govern-
ment. Professor Jones claims that as a result
of this citizenship training, both men and women
graduates of the University of Toledo vote more
often than the average of the population in gen-
In a limited way, students of the University
of Michigan have been assisting faculty men in
a worthy effort to bring civil service to our state
government. Under the guidance of Prof. James
K. Pollock of the political science department, they
have gathered to Ann Arbor distinguished state
political leaders and sought to win their support
for a civil service bill to be brought up before
the State legislature. The success which is prom-
ised by this venture and by the part, small though
it is, which students have played thus far, gives
us reason to believe that organized student action
along political lines could do much for the State
in aiding the promulgation of information about
issues before the legislature to the electorate, and
would do much to impress more seriously the
duities of citizenship unon those who should, but
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