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June 30, 1933 - Image 1

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1933-06-30

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The Weather

Probably showers
derstorms Friday;
local showers.

and thun-

A ~-



Around-The-World Flights;
Youth Versus Middle Age.

Official Publication Of The Summer Session

VOL. XIV No. 5




Crowd Packs
Hear Address
Geology Of Niagara Falls
Discussed By 'Larry'
Gould Yesterday
Says Falls Likely
To Drain Erie Dry
History Of The Area For
25,000 Years Included
In Material Covered
Here is something for Cleveland to
worry about. Niagara Falls are re-
ceding and may drain Lake Erie dry
-in a few scores of thousands of
This is what Prof. Laurence M.
Gould, geologist and polar explorer,
told a near-capacity audience at
Natural Science Auditorium yester-
day in the fourth lecture of the
Summer Session series on "The
Geology of Niagara Falls."
"The Horseshoe Falls, which are
moving backwards at a rate of about
four inches per year, will eventually
rob the American Falls of all their
water and may even go back as far
as Lake Erie," he said.
He explained that the force of the
water hitting the bottom of the
Horseshoe Falls causes the relatively
soft formation of shale to wash out
and undermines the hard rocks at
the top, causing them to fall off in
huge chunks. It is this that is caus-
ing the falls to recede, he said.
Although the same general prin-
ciple applies at the American Falls,
Professor Gould pointed out that, as
only a relatively small amount of
water flows over this branch, the
current is not powerful enough to
carry away the large pieces of top
rock that have fallen away. Conse-
quently, the undercutting process
and the subsequent regression have
almost ceased.
Tracing' back through the 25,000
(Continued on Page 3)
Visitors Here
For Le tu re s
Bohr, Fermi Will Speak
To Students, Teachers
At Symposium
Numerous visitors from other uni-
versities have arrived in Ann Arbor
to attend the special lectures of the
Symposium on Theoretical Physics
given by Professors Niels Bohr of
Copenhagen, Denmark, and Enrico
Fermi of Rome, Italy.
Professor Bohr, holder of the Nobel
Prize, is considered by his colleagues
to be the greatest physicist of the
present day. He is the founder of the
modern theory of atomic structure
and practically all progress made in
this field in recent years has been
greatly influenced by his work.
His lectures deal with the funda-
mental problems of the properties of
matter. Physics has advanced so
rapidly that it has been necessary
to reconsider the meaning of most
of the elementary concepts which

are the basis for physical theory,
for instance the concept of "meas-
urements," according to physics de-
partment authorities.
Professor Fermi's lectures are about
the structure of the atomic nucleus.
Only recently have scientists suc-
ceeded in obtaining experimental
data on the atomic nucleus, mainly
by means of artificial disintegration
of atoms and radio-active properties.
The results are said to be extremely
surprising and point towards the
necessity of important changes in
present theories. Professor Fermi,
who is one of the youngest among
leading physicists, has contributed
much to this as well as to other
fields of modern physics.
Among visitors attracted by these
lectures are Prof. Vegard of Norway,
Prof. Ivar Waller of Upsala, Sweden,
Prof. Gregory Breit of New York
University, Prof. K. G. Emeleus of
Belfast, N. Ireland, Dr. Bramley, as-
sistant director of the Bartol Re-
search Foundation, Prof. G. H. Dieke

Police Chief Announces That
Traffic Laws Will Be Enforced

Carmera Wins
Title Bout In
Sixth Round

In an attempt to avoid a recur-
rence of last summer's difficulties,
Chief of Police Thomas O'Brien to-
day issued a warning to all students
of the Summer Session in which he
said the city ordinance stipulating
that cars parked after dark shall
display the proper lights will be
strictly enforced.
At the same time he stated that
officers will be instructed to tag
all cars violating other traffic reg-
ulations, particularly the speed laws,
which provide that no vehicle shall
travel faster than 15 miles per hour
in business sections or 20 miles per
hour in residential districts.
In answer to the plan proposed by
The Daily, by which it would not be
necessary for all cars parked in front

of dormitories to be illuminated,
O'Brien replied: "The law is a city
and state ordinance, and any viola-
tors will be tagged and fined one
He also emphasized the fact that
the regulations in regard to so-called
"stop streets" and restricted parking
zones will be rigidly enforced. The
stop street ordinance provides that
all motor vehicles approaching these
streets shall come to a full stop be-
fore entering the intersection. A full
stop is defined to mean that the car
shall not be in motion. Parking in
alleys, within fifteen feet of any,
fire hydrant or fire cistern, or in
front of any building which is de-
signated to be a building in which
a large number of people are accus-
tomed to gather, is not permitted.

Crowd Estimated At
Thousand Present
Sharkey Is Beaten


Places Still Open In
Summer Session Band
Students of the Summer Session
who intend trying out for the Uni-
versity Summer Band may report
at 4 p. m. today at Morris Hall,
Prof. Nicholas Falcone, director
of the band, said yesterday. Places
in every section of the band are
still open, Professor Falcone said.
Ranks Of State
Democrats Split
Over Policies
Dispute Over Control Of
Prisons, Administration
Causes Rift In Party
LANSING, June 29.-(PA)-A split
in Democratic ranks cutting squarely
across alliances that have stood for
years was out in the open today as a
bitter dispute over prison control and
administration policies raged.
. Edward N, Frensdorf, deposed by
the State Prison Commission as
"czar" of penal institution industries,
issued a public statement caustically
criticizing government activities. He
charged "scoundrels" are shaping
the policies of the administration.
Frensdorf singled out Asiah Leebove,
Clare oil operator and friend of the
governor, for censure. He left no
doubt that his political friendship of
years with Comstock has suffered a
severe breach.
In addition to Frensdorf's attack
upon the governor other crevices of
dissention were apparent. The visit
to Michigan this week of James Far-
ley, court of last appeal in Federal
patronage matters, revealed that the
brisk argument among democrats of
this State over Federal posts has
not abated. There were rumors that
Horatio J. Abbott, of Ann Arbor, may
be given a Federal position, possibly
internal revenue collector at Detroit.
If he receives this appointment a
new national committeeman would
be named and he would adjudicate
Michigan patronage claimed in
Frensdorf's statement was so
heated it left no doubt as to the size
of the gulf that has grown up be-
tween two veteran campaigners in
the Democratic cause.
"This is a fight to keep the Demo-
cratic party clean," Frensdorf de-
clared. "Until recently Governor
Comstock always has been lined up
on the side of those of us who had
that idea of democracy. He has
lately seemed to be under the influ-
ence of the most subversive and
dangerous element in our popula-
Settlement Concludes
Fight Over Wendell Will
NEW YORK, June 29.-A long
and sensational fight to break the
$40,000,'000 will of Ella von E. Wen-
dell, eccentric spinster, who was the
last of the almost legendary Wendell
clan, ended today in a settlement.
The agreement was among four
of 2,300 claimants to the fortune
founded by the immigrant John
Gottlieb Matthias Wendell.
The settlement, approved in Sur-
rogate's Court, calls for distribution
of $2,000,000 among the quartet, all
of whom have been declared heirs
at law. Miss Wendell's will gave
most of the fortune to churches,
hospitals and other charities.

School Changes
Are Discussed
By Frederick
Second Education School
Conference Is Held On
National Survey Data
"Whereas only four per cent of the
population of the United States be-
tween 14 and 18 years of age were
in high schools in 1890, more than
40 per cent of the youths between
these ages were in high schools in
1930," said O. I. Frederick, teaching
assistant in education, at the second
of the School of Education's confer-
ences held yesterday afternoon. His
general subject was "The National
Survey of Education."
Mr. Frederick was a member of
the body that made this survey, con-
ducted by the United States Office
of Education between July, 1929, and
June, 1932.
In his address Mr. Frederick told
of the field that this survey covered,
involving problems of administra-
tion, supervision, teaching and extra-
curricular activities. "The problem
of individual differences is receiving
considerable attention throughout
the country," he said, "the most
common method for meeting the
needs of the varying groups was
found to be through homogeneous
grouping and by the inclusion of
special classes for pupils deviating
widely from the normal.
As far as the curriculum is con-
cerned, he reported, foreign lan-
guages had the largest loss in per-
centage of total students' time, fol-
lowed in order by mathematics, Eng-
lish, home economics, and art.
"On the other hand," he con-
tinued, "commercial and physical
education have made large gains,
(Continued on Page 4)
By the Associated Pressj

'Boston Gob' Ahead
Before Final Punch
New Champion Outpointed
In First Five Rounds;
Knockout Unexpected
New York, June 29.-i)-Primo
Carnera, giant Italian, knocked Jack4
Sharkey out in the sixth round of a
15-round title battle tonight to wint
'the heavyweight championship ofz
the world. A right uppercut finishedI
Sharkey after two minutes, 57 sec-
onds of the sixth round.£
A crowd estimated at 40,000, pay-
ing about $200,000 in gate receipts,
saw the stunning ending that came
after Sharkey was leading by a wide1
margin on points and had just
measured Carnera with a terrifick
right to the head.
Carnera caught the champion as
he came back with a right uppercut
in close. Sharkey sprawled on his
face on the floor and was counted
out without making a move to rise.
Mercury Falls
o49 i gh;
Relief Is Seen1
A maximum temperature of 84.9e
degrees registered at University Ob-
servatory yesterday gave notice
that the unprecedented hot wavet
that has been holding Ann Arbor asz
well as the rest of the nation in its
grip is slowly breaking. .
This highest point on the ther-
mometer was reached at 3 p. in.,
while the minimum for the day,
72.3 degrees, came at 7 a. m. The
mercury was slow in dropping after
the high point for the day had beenP
reached, declining only a little over
one degree, to 83.1 degrees, by 7 p. m.f
In the meantime, Associated Press
reports from other parts of the na-
tion continued to bring news of nu-
merous cases of prostration being1
recorded, as well as some deaths.1
No relief for this part of the coun-
try has been definitely promised, but
the prospect of showers and thun-I
derstorms held out by meteorologistsc
may send the mercury to a lowert
level than it has reached at any timet
in the past several days.
Students Turn
Out In Spite Of
Heat For Tour'
In spite of the fact that the con-
tinued hot wave had kept students
indoors throughout the greater part
of the day, more than 35 turned out
at 2:30 p. m. yesterday to take part
in a University-conducted tour of
Ann Arbor and the campus, the first
of the annual series of Summer Ses-
sion Excursions.
Prof. Wesley H. Maurer, director
of the excursions this year, hopes for
a better turnout when a party'
leaves Ann Arbor at 8 a. m. tomor-
row for a trip to Detroit, he said
yesterday. Reservations for the De-
troit tour must be made before 5
p. m. today at the Summer Session
office, Room 9, University Hall, it
has been announced.
The third excursion on the sum-
mer's program will take place next
week when Prof. Laurence M. Gould
of the geology department conducts
a party to Niagara Falls and vicin-
ity July 7, 8, and 9.

Wales Beats Lady Astor
In Decisive Golf Match
land, June 29.-(P)-With a gal-
lant but nonetheless decisive display
of his golfing ability, the Prince of
Wales today overcame a seven-
stroke handicap to defeat Lady
Nancy Astor, two and one, in a
nMatch featuring the annual Par-
liamentary Tournament.

Gold Debate
Is Threat To
World arley
France Gives Ultimatum
Demanding U. S. Action
To Peg Dollar
Expect Showdown
On Battle Today
French To Quit Meeting
If Dollar Fluctuation Is
Not Stopped
LONDON, June 29. --() - The
World Economic Conference await-
ed anxiously tonight for word from
President Roosevelt to prevent its
threatened collapse as the result
of the ultimatum by France and
her gold allies that unless currency
stabilization was achieved at an early
date they would leave the parley.
The British Government was de-
scribed in high quarters as endeav-
oring to place responsibility for so-
lution of the crisis upon the should-
ers of Mr. Roosevelt after the gold
bloc had served notice that it would
quit the meeting unless the British
cast their lot with them in support-
ing the gold standard.
The French, Dutch, Belgian and
Swiss delegations sent what was
described as a final declaration to
the British authorities saying that
Great Britain must reach a deci-
sion by 6 p. m. today if the world
conclave was to continue.
Demand Is Adjourned
After excited discussions with
Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald
and Neville Chamberlain, British
chancellor of the exchequer, how-
ever, the hope for American co-oper-
ation joined with recovery in the
dollar price to induce the gold coun-
tries to adjourn their demand for a
reply until tomorrow, thus averting
an immediate showdown.
. The American delegates did not
participate in the discussions at
which the gold group's ultimatum
was presented, although Assistant
Secretary of State Raymond T.
Moley made an appearance at the
conference chambers and was clos-
eted an hour with Mr. MacDonald.
James P. Warburg, American fi-
nancial expert, likewise was present
at the currency stabilization talks
but it was pointed out that neither
he nor Prof. Moley are official dele-
The American headquarters denied I
persistent reports in conference cir-
cles that any appeal had been made
to President Roosevelt for co-opera-
tion, but other important delegations
were convinced that Washington had
been kept fully informed and that
some reply was likely from America
Oppose Frenzied Exchange
It was pointed out that the gold
countries are not demanding final
dollar stabilization at this time, but
desire co-operation to prevent wild
gyrations in the exchange rate, such
as were experienced yesterday.
Some American quarters expressed
the opinion that something along
that line might be possible, but rei-
terated that the United States could
not fix the dollar level now.
The British are understood to have
first proposed issuance of a joint
statement giving reassurances of in-
tentics to protect gold currencies,
but after negotiations with the
spokesmen for the gold bloc it was

found that an immediate agreement
was impossible.
It was said that the British au-
thorities declined to go as far as
the gold group wished, explaining
that they could not do so without
American co-operation.


O'Brien Asks
Roosevelt To
Open Records
Wants National Order To
Compel Detroit Officials
To Testify On Banks
Grand Jury Behind
Move To Get Facts
Action Results From The
Refusal Of Bankers To
Disclose Their Records
DETROIT, June 29.--(P)-An ap-
peal was sent to President Roosevelt
by telegram late Thursday to order
the Treasury Department to turn
over to the grand jury- records of
the closed national banks, and to
compel Federal officers in charge of
the local situation to testify.
The appeal was made by Attorney
General Patrick H. O'Brien, acting
upon instruction of Judge Harry B.
Keidan, who is conducting the grand
jury probe.
If the President denies the right
of the State Courts to inquire into
the cause behind the closing of the
banks, Michigan prosecuting officials
will be unable to continue the thor-
ough checking of the records.
Judge Keidan's order followed the
refusal of the Federal receivers to
testify when brought before him on
subpena Thursday morning. J. F. T.
O'Connor, comptroller of the cur-
rency, had also advised Mr. O'Brien
that records and witnesses would not
be made available by the Federal
Refuse to Be Sworn
Brought before Judge Keidan on
subpena, B. C. Schram, receiver of
the Guardian National, and C. O.
Thomas, receiver for the First Na-
tional, refused to be sworn. They
acted upon advice of former Judges
Robert S. Marx and Frank E. Wood,
Cincinnati attorneys, who were sent
to Detroit as counsel for the receiv-

-Associated Press Photo
Otto H. Kahn, senior partner in
Kahn, Loeb and company, was quiz-
zed by the Senate banking committee
about his income tax returns along
with investigation of the operations
of his New York banking house.
Reich Situation
To Be Subject
Of TalkToday
Dr. E. Stern Rubarth To
Explain Changes Under
New Hitler Regime
"Mistakes About Germany" will be
the subject of the fifth talk on the
Summer Session special lecture
series, which will be given by Dr.
E. Stern Rubarth, noted German
editor, at 5 p. m. today in Natural
Science Auditorium.
Dr. Rubarth is expected to give
an exceptionally well-qualified an-
alysis of the German situation, since
he has been for years the editor of
the Wolff Telegraph Agency, semi-
official German news service, and
has been in close contact with his
friend Dr. Stresemann during the
latter's administration.
He will deal largely with the
changes which, have come over his
country this year under the Hitler
regime, and will give an impartial
and authoritative interpretation of
the aims and significance of the Nazi
Dr. Rubarth is an excellent lin-
guist, speaking a number of lan-
guages, including English, as fluently
as his own. He has gained added
prominence through his connection
with a number of international
leagues and societies.
The lecture today will complete
the first week of the series. The
schedule for next week includes talks
by Prof. Chas. W. Edmunds, Prof.
Ernest S. Bates of New York City,
and Prof. Harlow 0. Wittemore.
Raid Is Feared
To Have Begun-.
On Local Staff

The hearing Thursday was mark-
ed by verbal clashes between Prose-
cuting Attorney Harry S. Toy and
Judge Marx. Mr Toy charged that
the Federal attorneys were hiding
behind a technicality in refusing
to make the records available, and
Marx responded by presenting Su-
preme Court decisions holding that
power to inquire into National bank
affairs reposed solely with the na-
tional government.
The decision to refuse co-opera-
tion with the State authorities
brought to the surface the policy
of Washington bureaucracy to ig-
nore entirely the demands of de-
positors in such cases.
Judge William F. Connolly had
testified only on Wednesday that in
the matter of bank assessments, "an
appeal can be made only to God."
Judge Keidan is hopeful that
through the President a way may
be found around the obstacles placed
by the bureaucrats represented here
by Thomas and Schram.
Access Denied by Comptroller
Judge Keidan sought to persuade
Marx that the comptroller of the
currency was morally bound to al-
low the people of the State to know
what happened to their banks. Marx
remain adamant. He came to court
armed with a letter from Comptroller
J. F. T. O'Connor denying access to
the records.
"Do you realize what you are do-
ing?" Judge Keidan asked Marx.
"There are more than 800,000 de-
positors in the closed banks of De-
troit. They were their banks. It
was their money. The Government
which you represent, after first pro-
nouncing them solvent, closed them."

Washington ...............43
New York ..,..............43
Chicago .................34
Cleveland ..................34
Detroit .....................33
St. Louis ........... .....25
Thursday's Results
Detroit 5, Washington 4
New York 9, Cleveland 3
Philadelphia 4, St. Louis 1
Boston-Chicago, rain.
Friday's Games
Washington at Detroit
Philadelphia at St. Louis
New York at Cleveland
Boston at Chicago
New York ..................40
St. Louis ...................38
Pittsburgh .............36
Chicago ... ..............36
Boston ....................33
Brooklyn ..................30
Cincinnati .................30
Philadelphia ...............27
Thursday's Results
Chicago 7, Brooklyn 2
St.iLouis 7, New York 3
Philadelphia 6, Pittsburgh 4.
Only games scheduled.
Friday's Games
Pittsburgh at Philadelphia
Cincinnati at Boston
Chicago at Brooklyn
St. Louis at New York



Second Resignation From
Faculty Within 2 Days
Announced By Ruthven



Michigan 'Official Family'
Plans Holiday At Island
LANSING, June 29.-The "official
family" of Michigan will move to
Mackinac Island Thursday to re-
main over Independence Day. The
Capitol will remain closed from Sat-
urday noon until Wednesday morn-
Governor ComstocX, 'Mrs. Com-
stock, and William Comstock, Jr.,
will lead the party. Mrs. Comstock
and their son will remain at the
island for the summer.
The party will include State Treas-
urer Theodore I. Fry and Mrs. Fry;
Auditor-General John K. Stack, Jr.,

A raid on the University of Michi-
gan faculty, directly attributed by
authorities to economies that will
become necessary under the expect-
ed budget cut of the institution, was
apparent last night with the an-
nouncement by President Alexander
G. Ruthven that another member
of the staff had resigned to take
a position at a different university
where, ostensibly, a higher salary
will be paid.
Besides the resignation of Prof.
Benjamin D. Meritt of the depart-
ment of Greek and Latin, which was
announced Wednesday, Prof. Anders
F. Lindblad of the naval architec-
ture department of the College of
Engineering, has also requested that
he be allowed to accept another
post, according to President Ruth-


Peace Praised

By Roosev

CAMPOBELLO, Island, N. B., Jun
29.-(P)-Welcomed heartily back t
his boyhood playground on this Ca
nadian island late today, Presider
Roosevelt pointed to the friendshi
of Canada and the United States a
an example of an unfortified borde
Smiling over his victory with t-
elements, the tanned President wen
ashore amid the cheers of his of
friends and neighbors late in th

Diamond Ring Setting

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