MEiMBEiR OF THE
VOL. XI, NO. 23. FOUR PAGES ANN ARBOR, MICHIGANSATURDAY, JULY 25, 1931 WEATHER Generally Fair PRICE FIVE CENTS
FLETCHER TO QUIT
POST AS GCHAIRN
OF FEDERAL BOARD
Noted Pennsylvania Man Plans
to Finish Three Decades of
TERM WAS SIX YEARS
Tariff Commission Head Notifies
Hoover He Will Resign at
End of First Year.
WASHINGTON, July 24.-(I)-
Henry P. Fletcher will retire Sep-
tember 16 from his post as chair-
man of the tariff commission. He
said today he had informed Presi-
dent Hoover that although he was
appointed for a six-year term be-
ginning last fall, he desired to be
released at the end of his first year
in office. It was understood,
Fletcher said, at the time the ap-
pointment was made, that he would
serve only during the reorganiza-
tion period of the commission.
The Pennsylvanian, who has
spent 30 years in the government
service, haid he had no definite
plans for the future. Questioned as
to reports he intended to run for
the senate, Fletcher denied he was
quitting the commission to enter
Started as Rough Rider.
The genial, 58-year-old chairman
has long been a personal friend of
President Hoover. He accompanied
the then president-elect on his
good will tour of Latin-America in
1928 to make available his wide
knowledge of Latin-American af-
fairs acquired while he was am-
bassador to Chile.
Fletcher first entered the govern-
ment service as a Rough Rider un-
der Theodore Roosevelt. Since
then he has occupied a number of
government posts under various
presidents, including ambassador to
Italy and undersecretary of state.
He indicated last year, before going
on the tariff commission, that he
wished to remain in this country
and did not seek another diplo-
Friction Denied by Fletcher.
In announcing his forthcoming
retirement he pointed out that
every commission report adopted
under his chairmanship received a
unanimous vote, and he denied that
friction between himself and the
president or other members of the
commission had precipitated his
Every report sought by congress
will be read for presentation De-
cember 1 he said, except that deal-
ing with agriculture, which is be-
ing deferred until the 1931 crop
figures are available.
M1ILK PRICE PROBE
Will Ask $5,000 Appropriation
for Commission to Study
Spread of Rates.
LANSING, July 24.-(P)-A state
investigation of milk prices was or-
dered today by Gov. Wilber M.
Brucker. A commission embracing
members of a Detroit committee
which is now inquiring into the
spread between prices paid to pro-
ducers and paid by consumers,
members of the legislature and
state officials was named. The gov-
ernor announced he will ask the
state administrative board to ap-
propriate $5,000 for the commission.
The special commission will be
headed by Herbert E. Powell, state
The governor's action followed a
recent conference with a committee
which claimed to represent 15,-
000 milk producers. Spokesmen at
the conference specifically request-
ed on behalf of the farmers, that
the inquiry be conducted by others
than the state commissioner of
agriculture or the attorney general
Ed Goble, Milan producer, censured
the governor for not making an
LADY AST OR, SHAW
Receive Appeal by Cablegram;
Soviet Officials Unable
to Give Aid.
MOSCOW, July 24.-(')-George
Bernard Shaw and Lady Astor
have interested themselves in the
undisclosed difficulties in Russia
of the wife of a professor of Yale
At a reception in Shaw's honor
at the British embassy they receiv-
ed indentical cablegrams, signed by
Dmitri Krynn, a professor at Yale,
"In the name of humanitarian
principles please help my wife in
Make Peace Late in Day After
Troops Fire on Building;
Two Known Dead.
(See Story on Page Four)
SANTIAGO, Chile, July 24.-(R')
-Students who had been barricad-
ed in the University of Chile for
two days in protest against the gov-
ernment left the university under
a truce late today after soldiers had
fired on their stronghold.
Two were known to have been
killed and many wounded, includ-
ing a number of women in the
streets, in continuous firing and
sniping during the afternoon after
fighting at the university. Police
and students blamed each other for
starting the battle.
Troops made three separate at-
tacks on the university building.t
More than 3,000 shots were fired
there and in other parts of the
downtown area. All business was
suspended and stores, offices and
banks put up steel shutters. '
Isaac Marcosson, magazine writer,
his wife and Miss Seeley, New York1
newspaper woman, with others es-
caped injury when they were
caught in a doorway by charging
lancers. They shouted that they7
were visitors. '
GRAF OPENS CRUISE1
Arrives at Airport in Berlin,;
Completing First Flight;
Carries 46 Men.,
BERLIN, July 24.-(L)-The
Graf Zeppelin arrived at Staa-
ken Airport on the outskirts of
Berlin this afternoon, complet-
ing the first short leg of her
arctic cruise from Friedrich-
July 24.-(IP)-In glorious weather
and before a field jammed with
well-wishers, the dirigible Graf
Zeppelin took off for Berlin today
on the first leg of her cruise to the
The take-off was made at 9:51
a.m. (3:51 a.m.), just 16 minutes
after the huge ship was taken out
of her hangar.
In a brief broadcast from the
dirigible, Dr. Hugo Eckener, the
commander, said he regretted he
was starting out at a time when
Germany was in such dire distress,
but he felt the flight would serve
to increase confidence in the Fath-
Aboard the dirigible were 46
men, 12 of whom are Artic experts
or scientists. There are 30 mem-
bers of the crew, three newspaper
men and a special Russian operat-
or named Krahnkel.
To Repeat Excursion
to Airport, Village
Last Wednesday's Summer Ses-
sion excursion to Greenfield village
and the Ford airport will be repeat-
ed next Wednesday, it was an-
nounced yesterday by Carlton F.
Unusual interest was shown in
the first trip, and all reservations
ASKED TO HELP
IFE HELD IN RUSSIA
Lady Astor immediately sought
out Maxim Litvlnoff, Soviet com-
missar for foreign affairs, who was
present, and knelt before him.
"I come to you as a peasant be-
fore a czar," she said, and offered
him her cablegram.
As Litvinoff read it high Soviet
officials and other guests crowded
"Such a matter is not in my
province," the commissar told La-
It was suggested that the politi-
cal police were the people to see.
Lord and Lady Astor, Shaw and
an attache of the embassy left by
motor to talk to the police. On the
way they stopped at their hotel,
made an unsuccessful attempt to
straighten the matter out by tele-'
phone and then fell to packing
their bags, as they were leaving for
Whether Lady Astor will push
the matter when she returns in
two days remained uncertain.
The nature of the difficulties of
Mrs. Krynin was not explained.
HOT WAVE STRIKES
ROCKY M OUNTAINSI
Extreme Temperatures Kill One;
Heat to Reach Middle c
KANSAS CITY, July 24.-()-c
The Rocky Mountain states were<
the prey of scorching temperaturesl
again today while the midwest re-z
freshed itself with a cooler breathl
or two against renewed blasts of
oven heat promised by the fore-
Utah, Idaho, Wyoming and the c
west slope of Colorado bore theI
brunt of the sun's sizzling onslaughtc
which previously had been concen-1
trated against the plains of Kan- 1
sas and Oklahoma. 1
One elderly man died and 30
persons were prostrated at Salt
Lake City during a pioneer parade.
The mercury touched 103 degrees i
shortly after noon, an all-time rec-1
In Colorado the mercury jumped
to the century mark for the thirdE
successive day at Grand Junction
where an all-time record of 1041
degrees was established yesterday.
The blazing sun has dried many of
the state's streams for the first
time in history.
The wilting heat of yesterday
was unabated in Wyoming and in9
New York 6, Detroit 5.
Chicago 3, Boston 1.
Athletics 2, Cleveland 1 (6 innings
Only games scheduled.
' National League
Pittsburgh 8, Brooklyn 7.
Cincinnati 5, New York 3.
Chicago 3, Boston 1.
St. Louis 10, 7, Phillies 0, 2.
Bishop Anderson Will
Speak Here Tomorrow
Bishop William F. Anderson, of
Boston, will deliver the sermon,
"What Is Your Life?" in the First
Methodist Episcopal church at
10:45 o'clock tomorrow morning, it
was announced yesterday.
Dr. Anderson is well known to
Ann Arbor audiences, having visit-
ed here a number of times.
Bulgaria Asks Nations
to Return Payments
ATHENS, July 24.-(IP)-The Bank
of International Settlements in-
formed the Greek government to-
day Bulgaria had announced that,
in view of adoption of the Hoover
moratorium, she does not intend
installment for June and further
to make payment of the repairations
has asked restitution of payments
made in April and May.
The notification caused some sur-
prise here and brought from sev-
eral quarters the assertion that the
R ECTOR DISCUSSES
'CURES FOR CANCER;
CITES HUGE COSTS
Losses Due to Disease Approach
to His Estimate.
No Social Stigma Is Attached
to Development of Cancer,
Field Worker Says.
"In the United States the cost
of cancer is estimated at $800,000,-
000 annually," said Dr. Frank L.
Rector, field representative of the
American Society for the Control
of Cancer, in a lecture to the fourth
Public Health institute yesterday.
"For the death of women between;
the thirty-fifth birthday and the
forty-fifth birthday cancer is the
chief cause as it is for men between;
the forty-fifth and fifty-fifth;
birthdays. At the most productive
period of their lives these men and
women fall victims to cancer," Dr.
Rector continued and the social
loss to society cannot be counted
Sees No Social Stigma.
"There is no social stigma in be-
ing attacked by cancer and people
have the wrong idea if they believe
that their sins are being visited
on them if they have it," Dr. Rec-
tor said. Although there are no
serums and no immunization vac-
cines for cancer, the disease is cur-
able if an early diagnosis is made.
For prevention two measures are
necessary, one is improved personal1
hygiene and the other is the pre-
vention of persistent irritation, he
Cancerous condition remains un-.
detected chiefly because cancer is
not accompanied with pain. If we
could have painful cancer the num-.
ber of deaths resulting from neg-,.
lect would be cut to less than half,
Dr. Rector stated.
"But cancer has unmistakable
symptoms. Any persistent unnat-
ural lump in the body, particularly
in the breasts, a sore that does not
heal within a normal periodof two
to three weeks, and any unnatural
discharge from the body orifice,
especially if it is blood, should call
attention and a medical examina-
tion taken," Dr. Rector said.
Second Death Cause.
"Cancer now occupies second
place as the cause of death, hav-
ing risen from sixth place since
1910,rand, according to Dr. Welch,
it threatens ascendency over all
other causes of death," Dr. Rector
continued and according to Dr.
Clarence Cook Little, who is en-
gaged in cancer research in Maine,
cancer is not an invasion of a for-
eign substance and is not to be
treated as an infectious disorder
for it is less acutely pathologic and
more of a constitutionally biologic
According to Dr. Rector, more
than twenty five years of research
during which Dr. Maude Slye of
the University of Chicago has
made autopsy on more than 100,500
laboratory animals of cancer cases,
she is convinced that there is a
hereditary factor in cancer inci-
dence. Dr. Rector said that neither
plants nor lower animals are im-
mune from cancer although it has
been shown that people of dark
skin and those living in moist and
hot climate are less susceptible.
Program for Today.
The special Public Health insti-
tute will be continued today with
Dr. Glenadine Snow, of Michigan
State Normal college, speaking on
"Methods and Materials in Health
Education" at 9 o'clock in the WestI
Medical building. "Urban Sanita-
tion" will be the subject of F. Gard-
ner Segg, sanitary engineer, depart-
ment of health, Detroit, at 10
o'clock. Dr. Clyde C. Slemons,
state commissioner of health, Lan-
sing, will speak on the subject of
"Communicable Djisease Control."
"The American Red Cross in Dis-
aster Relief" will be the subject of
an address by Albert Evans, assist-
ant director of disaster relief at 2
o'clock. Dr. Frank L. Rector, of the
American Society for the Control
of Cancer, will speak on the "In-
terests and Activities of the Amer-
Urges War on Japan
President of the Chinese nation-_
alist government, is reported to be1
urging the insurgent Cantonese p
government to join forces with his i
armies in a war against Japan. He p
seeks reprisal for the killing of nu-
merous Chinese in Korean riots. .'
WILL MEET TODAY s
Long Island Parley Is Expected t
to Crystallize Sentiment on
NEW YORK, July 24.-()-State
and national political figures will s
meet tomorrow at a Long Island h
luncheon at Canoe Place inn, a
Hampton Boys, which may prove
to be a factor in crystalizing senti- o
ment for a Democratic presidential
candidate in 1932. This will be the s
first meeting of Governor Franklin r
D. Roosevelt and former Governor t
Alfred E. Smith, nominal leader of F
his party, since the return recently t
of James A. Farley, state Demo- t
cratic chairman, from an observa- s
tion tour of western states.
It also will be the first time Mr.
Roosevelt and Mr. Smith have sat
down together in in the past several .
months during which the former's (
name has been mentioned frequent-
ly as the next presidential candi- r
date of his party.f
INI PRISON SEARCH r
Joliet Authorities Also Uncover
Knives, Saws, and Files;
Break Is Foiled.f
(See Story on Page Four)
JOLIET, Ill., July 24.-(P)-War-f
dei Henry C. Hill said a small
makeshift gasoline bomb was
found today during search of cellsf
in the Stateville penitentiary for
weapons which convicts might use
in an attempted break.
The bomb was composed of a
pint oil can with a reinforced metal
top and copper coils. It would have
been exploded by throwing it into
a fire or heating the coils but would
not have caused much damage.
Authorities began a search of all
cells following persistent reports of
an outbreak which has failed to
materialize. The ventilators, down
which convicts throw their contra-
band and weapons at inspection
time, had not yet been investigat-
ed, the warden said.
Four knives and a file were
found in the same cell with the'
bomb, Several saws, sledges, ham-
mers and 100 feet of hose, missing
'from the toolshops, had not been
located. Search was made for a
cache in the prison yard.
League to Give Tea
for Visiting Faculty
Non-resident faculty of the law,
education, and music schools will
be guests of the League at 4 o'clock
Monday afternoon in the second of
three teas honoring visiting pro-
fessors and their wives. The tea
will be in the concourse and Grand
Rapids room of the League and Is
.In charge of Katherine Noble, so-
END; TEXAS MAKES
FIRST PEACE MOVE
Legislators at Austin Approve
Bill to Remove Causes
BATTLE SECTION QUIET
Oklahoma Guardsmen on Patrol
in Martial Law Zone;
Rangers on Guard.
DURANT, Oklahoma, July 24.-
(P)-As Oklahoma National guards-
men and Texas rangers faced each
other across the Red River tonight,
t appeared that the "War of the
Bridges" would be short lived and
humdrum, from the military stand-
point, the law makers of Texas hav-
ng acted quickly to re-establish
A bill which the legislators at
Austin believed would remove the
auses of war was passed at Austin
and dispatched to Houston this af-
ernoon for the signature of Gov.
The result was expected to be the
throwing open to traffic the Deni-
on-Durant free bridge, about
which interstate hostility has cen-
Patrol Martial Law Zone.
Meanwhile all was quiet at the
battle spot. A detachment of 33
Oklahoma guardsmen patroled a
mall martial law zone at the Okla-
homa end of the Denison bridge
which has been barricaded by W. H.
Murray who wants the free bridge
Half a mile away on the other
ide of the river, five bored Texas
angers guarded the south end of
he free bridge, which Gov. Ross
F. Sterling ordered kept closed un-
il lifting of a federal court injunc-
Gion against the use of the free
Governor Hurls Defiance.
DURANT, Okla., July 24.-(JP)-
Armed National Guardsmen of
Oklahoma were paraded by Gov.
William Henry "Alfalfa Bill" Mur-
ray today to show his defiance of
:orces which would prevent his
blockading a tll bridge across the
Red river to Texas, just south of
Nearly 300 Guardsmen were held
n readiness here for any emergency
which might arise, while in detach-
neats ofg30 they prepared for an
unceasing vigil at a narrow strip
of highway leading to the Okla-
homa entrance to the toll span.
Declaring' a Houston, Tex., fed-
eral court action by the Red River
Bridge Co., owners of the toll bridge,
to have the blocked roadway open-
ed would be "an invasion of the
rights of the sovereign state of
Oklahoma," Gov. Murray proclaim-
ed martial law in the immediate-
ly affected area Thursday night.
Adj. Gen. Charles F. Barret took
NEW FIRES STRIKE
W YOM ING__FORESTS
National Guard Troops Battle
Blaze Near Cassa; Dude
Ranch Guests Aid.
CHEYENNE,Wyo., July 24.--(P)
-New fires broke out today in
Wyoming a few hours after forest
officials said other flames, some of
them burning for two weeks and
threatening valuable ranch prop-
erty, were checked.
National guard troops were re-
quested to fight a fire that broke
out anew today near Cassa, 30 miles
north of Wheatland, after smould-
ering since Monday. Another new
fire occurred in the Toltec region
near Laramie outside the Medicine
Bow National forest. About 1,000
acres was quickly burned and aid
was requested from Denver.
A crew of several hundred be-
grimed and tired Dude ranch
guests had aided forest officials
and other volunteers in checking
flames on Jockey's fork in the