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July 23, 1924 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1924-07-23

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194 p



it I!



VOL. XV. No. 28




Mayor In Dilemma

Inter-Allied Conference May
Settle German Debt Problem

To Speak Friday



NEED $16,000 MORE TO
Will Change Arrangement of Tap
Room to Insure Less Heat and
Better Ventilation
Contracts for the tile and marble
work on the swimming pool in the
Union have been awarded, and work on
them will go forward during the sum-
mer, it was announced by Union of-
ficials yesterday. Due to the lack of
su.cient funds, the contracts on me-
chanical devices and fixtures have not
been let thus far, it being hoped that
the progress made in the tiling and
marble work will stimulate interest in
the pool so that the funds still needed
may be raised among the students and
alumni soon.
Need $16,000
It is estimated that the total cost
of the pool will be $48,000, of which
$16,000 is still to be raised. The pool
will be equipped with every device
contributing to its cleanliness and con-
venience, and is expected to be the
best in the country from a sanitary
The contracts now let total approxi-
mately $17,300. Equipment such as
lockers, electroliers,ubenches,sspring
bards and ladders must be bought and
installed, the mechanical devices:
pumps, heaters, chlorinators or violet
ray machines, piping and controls
must be contracted for, and the tiling
and marble must be finished before
the pool is complete. It is hoped that
the alumni will cooperate with the
students in raising the necessary $16,-
000 in the next school year. With the
installation of the tile and marble this
summer, little time would be required
to bring the pool to completion when
the funds are raised.
A new concrete floor is being put in
the cistern which will be used in con-
nection with the circulating system of
the pool.
Make Changes in Tap Room
A plan whereby the heat of cooking
will be eliminated from the Tap room
is being put into effect, and will be
completed by the opening of the Uni-
versity in the fall. With the removal
of the washing machines to a room ad-
joining the 'kitchen, the service counter
will be set back into the kitchen in the
form of an alcove; and the ventilation
system so arranged as to carry away
the heat and food odors, thus keeping
the Tap room itself cooler and more
Women Voters
Interested In
Public Affairs
Women make more intelligent voters
than men, because they take the busi-
ness of voting more seriously, accord-
ing to Mrs. May Wood Symons, chair-
man of the Institute of Government
and Politics. Mrs. Symons stated her
belief that women, more than men,
were becoming increasingly anxious
to prepare themselves for their duties
as citizens and that the political school
now being conducted at the University
is but one manifestation of the con-
scientious interest that women are tak-
ing in political affairs.
The fact that more people do not
receive training in civics and govern-
ment before graduating from grade or
high schools and that so many college
graduates receive diplomas without
ever having taken courses in political
science, is responsible for much of the
present day ignorance of how to use
the ballot e..ciently. The National

League of Women Voters is doing its
share in educating the feminine part
of the public in its political duties.
The women voters show that they
are not satisfied with merely a rehash1.
of knowledge about governmental mat-
ters, Mrs. Symons said, because they
are establishing their schools at uni-
versities, where they can hear discus-

The Inter-Allied Conference which
is meeting in London is being eagerly
watched by all persons interested in
international affairs. This conference
is another attempt on the part of the
Allies, especially France and England,
to come to some agreement on the
question of German payment of repar-
ations. In an interview Prof. William
A, Frayer, of the history department,
stated that in his opinion the outlook
on the present conference was very
favorable. He said that both England
and France have liberal governments
at the present time, a fact which would
lead to better co-operation between th
two countries. Professor Prayer be-
lieves that the situation is more fav-
orable now for a satisfactory agree-
ment on policy than it has been since
the Versailles treaty,
Many people believe that the Mac-
Donald government in England is not.
a strong one but according to Pro-
fessor Prayer the present governmentJ
is very good as well as strong. The]
present French government under4
Herriot is more liberal than any that1
have been in power for a long time.I
The fact that both countries have ap-t
proved of the Dawes plan as it now1
stands seems, according to Professor
Prayer, a very encouraging sign. The
French appear to be more willing now
to listen to theories less severe than{
those which have been held by the ob-l
structionist element under the lead-E
ership of Poincare.t
Prof. Edward R. Turner, also of thec
history department, was not quite ast
optimistic over the conference. He
said that the recent political develop-t

settlement more promising but the
fundamental difficulty of collecting the
huge amounts from Germany still re
main. The French, at present, appear
to be willing to put the Dawes plan
into operation and they would be glad
to use any plan which would enable
them to collect from Germany. But
they continue to doubt that Germany
will pay unless compelled to do so.
"Any ministry in France," said
Professor Turner, "even the most lib-
eral, would not bewilling to forego
any of the safeguards or relax the
hold on Germany which France now
has and I do not believe that any
ministry, even a Socialist one, if it
attempted to forego the grip which
France has upon Germany, would be
allowed to remain in power."
Professor Turner said that he doubt-
ed whether much could be accom-
plished by the present conference. He
said it is doubtful whether Germany
can pay the indemnity asked for, and
it is even doubtful whether they will
pay anything unless they are compell-
ed to do so. The Germans say that
they cannot pay unless France lets
them alone and gives them an oppor-
tunity to do so. The French maintain
that they will get nothing unless they
keep their hold.
MacDonald's intentions are good, ac- C
cording to Professor Turner, but he
does not know all about the prob-
lems involved. Only time and pati-
ence will settle the program. He said
that it was a good thing to hold these
conferences and try to do the best
that can be done. The more effort
made to solve the problem the better
the chances at arriving at a satisfac-

Prof. Emil Lorch
head of the department of architec-
ture, who will speak Friday night in
Natural Science auditorium on "Some
American Architects and Their Work."

B. F. Broug.
mayor of Toledo, Ohio, is at his wits
end. Toledo is broke. City employees
are eitheir being laid off or having
their salaries cut, and wholesale res-
ignationis are resulting. An occtlpa-
tional tax, intended to relievo the situ-
ation, is being held up in the courts.
Fifth Annual Field Camp Concludes
With Hike into Appalachian
The fifth annual geological and geo-
graphical field camp at Mills Springs,
Kentucky, broke up after jhe smmer
course on Monday. Members of the
camp left on that day for their con-
cluding hike into the Appalachians, the
final disbursement of the group to be
made at the end of the hike.
Prof. William H. Hobbs, head of the
geology department, returned late
Monday from a visit to the camp. He
reports a successful season, with the
camp filled to capacity, and much good
work accomplished. The spirit of the
members of the camp, and their rela-
tions with the residents of the vicinity
are excellent, said Professor Hobbs,
and mentioned the baseball game with
a local nine in which the Michigan men
went down to defeat, 11 to 8. Owing to
the fact that admission was charged,
Jerry Benson, a member of the regular
Varsity squad, was unable to play in
the game with the Monticello nine,
and that group consider themselves
good for having beaten the "University
of Michigan ball team." In two other
games with Steubenville, the camp
team won one game and lost another,
Professor Hobbs reported.
sions on current topics by men who
are experts on methods of government,
taxation, and tariff problems.
The League of Women Voters does
not propose to limit its efforts to the
enlightenment of women alone but is
working for the establishment of
courses in government iir"all the
schools. If this is done, according to
Mrs. Symons, there will be no need for
voters' leagues within the next two or
three generations, for each individual
will understand for himself how to
work for clean politics.
The aim of the League, Mrs. Symons
stated, is good and efficient govern-
ment and the underlying idea of its
teaching to voters is the ideal of un-
selfish service to their communities.
Portsmouth, Va., July 22.-Five men
injured in an explosion today at the
United States ammunition depot at
Pig Point. Hampton Roads, were
brought to hospitals here and the hos-
pitals were asked to prepare for the
reception of more.
Manila, July 22.-The gross cus-
toms receipts of the Philippines for
1923 amounted to $8,500,000. This is
the record in the history of the is-
lands, with the exception of the year
1920, when the total was $8,800,000.
Paris, July 22.-(By A. P.)-France
won the Olympic water polo champ-
ionship defeating Belgium in the fin-
als, 8 to 0.

His lecture will be


ment in France made the prospect of tory solution.

Restriction Placed on Immigration to
Protect Against Unwanted

Further Developments in Conference
Depend on Attitude of

Prof. Arthur E. Wood of the sociol- London, July 22.-(By A. P.)-Dele- 1
ogy departent in a lecture yesterdaygates to the inter-allied conferenced,
Iday afternoon before an interesteddy called for the purpose of putting the
yarN atufra Sine aud- Dawes reparation report into execution,
ience in the Natural Science auditor~ today were busily engaged in determ-
ium outlined America's policy on the ining the attitude of the financiers who
control of immigration. He divided will be called upon to advance a loan
his subject into two parts, the condi-; of 40,000,000 pounds to Germany with
tions under which we admit the immi- which to finance the Dawes plan.
grant, and our treatment of him after Whether the safeguards which will
he is here, and went on to present the surround this loan are sufficient, only
historical and recent developmert of the bankers themselves will be able
the immigrant's case,. to judge.
Concerning state administration pri-. The Daily Telegraph, in an emphatic
or to 1882, the speaker noted conflicts statement today, declares that a seri-
with federal constitutional law. In ous hitch has occurred in the confer-
that year significant changes brought ence, due especially to the American
far-reaching results; immigration bankers being disinclined to take up
reached the high water mark of more the loan on the strength of guar-
than 800,000, together with a shift in antees embodied in the protocol fram-
source from northwestern Europe to ed last Saturday.
southeastern and oriental countries; Upon the reception which world
then of necessity covered the situation financiers accord the report of the
the federal immigration law passed committee on defaults and sanctions,
only as it had existed a few years be- for the first time officially published
fore. I last night, will depend further de-
All that has been done follows from velopments in the conference.
an underlying philosophy, said Pro- This was the view expressed by
fessor Wood, that we must protect our- careful observers after it was learned
selves against the coming of unde- that the financial delegates to the con-
siralile individuals. Lately to our ference had a prolonged meeting Mon-
social and economic anxiety has been day afternoon with Sir Montague Nor-
added uneasiness upon biological man, governor of the Bank of Eng-
grounds. Continual attempts have fin- land, and Thomas Lamont, represent-
ally placed many restrictions upon the ing the firm of J. P. Morgan & Co. of
immigrant, including the $17 entrance New York.
tax, the literacy test, and practical dis- The meeting was held in one of the
continuance of the use of contract committee rooms of the house of com-
labor. mons
"We have no one problem of immi- Aleanwhile, the atmosphere about the
gration in this country; there are conference continues one "of hopeful
many problems," the speaker declared. anxiety " There are no grounds for
"Nor could we have escaped them. pessimism, but clearly the note of op-
The southeastern Europeans are not timism, in order to carry weight now,
unassimilable; they simply present must come from the financiers.
more problems of assimilation. The -_ _
best way to find out what should be Sofia, Bulgaria, July 22.-The Sob-
done is to study conditions first, ranje today voted full amnesty for the
though sometimes in America legisla- Cabinet of Vaseil Radoslavoff, the for-
tion has preceded investigation." mer Bulgarian Prime Minister, who
A stiffening of attitude since the was convicted with his ministry of
war is the immediate cause of the im- having brought Bulgaria into the
migration acts of 1921 and 1922, and World War on the side of the central
finally of the bill of May 16, 1924. The powers.
idea of inferior peoples must give
way to an adequate interpretation of Luis Firpo has arrived in the United
the immigrant to America. States for his bout with Harry Wills.

Discusses Wonderful Work of Countyj
Health Bodies in Reducing
Death Rater
Organization and the results fromt
the proper administration of the
county public health services in vari-
ous parts of the country formed the
subject of an address delivered yes-1
terday afternoon by Dr. L. L. Lumsdenc
of the United States Public Healtht
service at the Natural Science auditor-r
The speaker discussed the remark-
able success of these organizations int
reducing the death rate wherever thea
county health service was put intot
operation. The work done by the of-,
ficials is largely educational, the prin-f
ciples of sanitation being explainedd
and recommended to the people, ratherj
than making use of law to compel
their observance.f
Dr. Lumsden described the intro-I
duction of the public health servicee
into Yakima county, Washington, int
1911. Yakima, a rapidly growingf
town, had inadequate water and sanita-
tion systems, and as a result of con-1
tamination typhoid fever was preval-
ent. For five years the town of Yak-
ima ranked among the highest in ther
country in deaths due to typhoid.
When the situation became steadily1
worse, sanitation experts were called
,in, and upon their recommendation4
a county health organization wast
formed. The innovation was followed1
by a sharp decrease in the death rate,
and soon Yakima became one of the'
healthiest towns in the country in this
The establishing of the health ser-
vice at Yakima was followed by oth-
ers all over the country. The move-
ment has grown rapidly since the war.
Haigh To Appear
In Piano Concert
Andrew Comstalk Haigh, a graduate
of the University School of Music,
and one of the best known of its
younger graduates, will appear here
in concert tonight. He will offer a
program, which, in range and inter-
est is the climax of a successful sum-
mer of faculty musicals. The pupil
of Josef Levhinne, who with his wife
was heard here last fall, he is one of
the outstanding of the young genera-
tion of pianists. His concert here last
summer, following a successful ap-
pearance in Chicago, was greeted wish
much, favorable comment.
His program will be as follows:
Prelude and Fugue, C sharp min-
or, Bach; Andantino and Variations,
Schubert-Tausig; Papillons, Schu-
mann; Sonata, G minor, Op. 22, Medt-
ner; Rhapsodie, Op. 119, Intermezzo,
Op. 118, No. 2, Brahms; Capriccio, Op.
76, No. 2, Reflects dans l'eau, Debus-
sy; Sonetto del Petrarca 123, A fiat
minor, Liszt; Hungarian Rhapsodie,
No. 15, Liszt.

Candidates' Names and Qualifications
Should Be on Ballot Instead of
"The direct primary as a system of
nomination is not perfect, but its evils
are less than those of the party con-
vention system," said Prof. Thomas H.
Reed of the political science depart-
ment yesterday, addressing the second
afternoon session of the Institute of
Government and Politics being held
here this week. "Many people want
to go back to the convention system
of nomination for state officers in
preference to the direct primary, in
places where the latter is now in use.
Anyone who has thoroughly in mind
the way the convention system actual-
ly worked, and who still wishes to
substitute it for the newer system, is
not honest with himself or the public."
Professor Reed's address was on the
topic of "Nominating Methods." He
took up the development of the various
systems which have been in use from
the earlier times to the present. The
original and primitive method of nom-
ination was that of self nomination:
This was possible in a small select
circle where the nominee could make
himself known to almost the entire
circle of voters. As the size of elec-
tion districts increased, the caucus
came into general use as a means of
nomination. This soon became incap-
able of handling the situation, where-
upon the Democratic party instituted
the modern convention system practic-
ally in the same form as it is, in use
today for the presidential nomination.
Finally the direct primary, the newest
form of nomination system, was intro-
duced, and today is used for the ma-
jority of state officers.
Discussing and comparing the direct
primary and the convention, Professor
Reed said, "The direct primary has
difficulties It is expensive and it
threatens the solidarity of the parties,
if these are essential to government.
Nevertheless, the convention system
has more evils," Under it an unknown
candidate has very little chance of be-
ing nominated, unless by questionable
methods The whole trouble with nom-
inating these, according to Professor
Reed, is that we elect so many offices
in nationwide or state units, which
are too large for convenience Also,
the parties play too big a part in our
politics, he said.
Stating that a political party is in
reality a private organization, he said,
"I believe that no party names should
appear on ballots. The names of the
candidates and their qualifications
should be the only things to appear
there. This system works very well
in England," blind following of a party
does not help good government, and
if the entry of women into.politics will
bring about an attitude of reasonable
independence about voting, it will be
a vast change for the better."
Manila, July 22.--(By A.P.)-Manila
may be visited by an earthquake at
almost any time like the one that de-
stroyed Yokohama, warns Father
Roque Ruano, professor of physics
and engineering at the University of

Santo Tamas. Professor Ruano has
just returned from a visit of several
months in Japan, where he studied the
effects of earthquakes.
"The Philippines lie in the same
seismic zone as does the earthquake
region of Japan, and conditions in
Manila are analogous in many resects
to those found in Yokohama," said
Father Ruano.
Some men stand ready to back up
what they say while others stand ready
to bac" dowu,

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