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December 17, 1957 - Image 4

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1957-12-17

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~i~Axe£d art Daily
Sixty-Eighth Year

hen Opinions Are Free
Truth Will Prevail"

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily ex press the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

Y. DECEMBER 17. 1957


Problems Confronting
NATO Discussed

'HE FORTHCOMING NATO conference em-
phasizes that there is no positive practical
lution to the world situation at present.
NATO presents a tragic paradox. Although a
ified West is a necessity, the only means of
Ification seems to be through fear and the
ilosophy of military retaliation. Unless there
a drastic change of sentiment, an -rganiza-
in with the necessary political and economic
vereignty is a practical impossibility. Furth-
nore the Western alliance is the logical me-
am through which an agreement with Rus-
may be reached, but the present military
lance, held together by fear of missiles, can
ly increase the tension between East and
President Eisenhower announced in Paris
at the immediate goal of the conference is
ity. Our lot must irrevocably be cast with
e West; in contrast to the situation in 1947,
are today dependent upon NATO, and our
pe lies in NATO's ability to develop into, an
ganization capable of solving pressing po-
ical and economic problems.
A unified NATO must possess a substantial
easure of delegated sovereignty. A problem
ch as the French relationship to the Middle
st, concerns the other nations. If fourteen
embers wish to cultivate Arab friendship and
pport self-determination, France quite natur-
y will be antagonized and bitter disunity
ely will result. A similar situation arises
ien Britain's relation to Cyprus, or Ameri-
's relation to Formosa is discussed. Clearly
tionalism must be submerged to make NATO
going concern.
ATIONALISM, 'however, is not something
that can be bartered away over the con-
ence table. The recent public reaction in
ance to the Tunisian arms deal proved this.
ven the present measure of nationalist sen-
nent, an effectively united organization is
L immediate impossibility.
The United States is evidently prepared to
ke the lead in contributing to Western unity
d defense at the same time through its pro-
sal to establish rocket bases in the member
tions. If the idea is accepted, there is the
oblem of who will control the nuclear war-
ads. Will we, supporting 354,000 troops in
rope, wish to relinquish control of the mis-
es to the whims of the other members? Yet

if they insist, it appears we must establish some
sovereign committee within NATO to control
the bases.
Because the unity of NATO is so important
to us, it is logical that our proposal will be
adopted if we are prepared to modify it. We
have already relinquished a measure of legal
sovereignty in our status-of-forces agreements;
a NATO agreement on missiles would reason-
ably follow.
HOWEVER, by establishing the bases and
thereby giving NATO a degree of sovereign-
ty, are we contributing to an ultimate solution
of the tension between East and West? The
benefits from the plan are militarily obvi-s.
But if we are to decrease tension, the defects
are just as obvious. Encircled 'by missile sites,
Russia will have no alternative but to main-
tain her power position in Eastern Europe; it
will become a military and diplomatic impossi-
bility from the Russian side to withdraw,\ how-
ever slim the chance for such' a move now. It
seems unwise to allow the situation to freeze
in this manner.
Furthermore, Premier Bulganin's proposal
for a zonal atom ban - a demilitarized zone
on either side of the Iron Curtain is being seri-
ously considered, particularly by the European
nations. No matter how loudly we proclaim this
proposal as an attempt to confuse the negotia-
tions, it merits careful consideration.
Paradoxically, although the proposal to en-,
circle Russia with missile sites can only lead to
an increase in tension, the practical results, if
the idea is accepted, will be to strengthen the
unity of NATO, at least. Our relinquishment of
a measure of sovereignty will be another crack
in the armor of nationalism. If the conference
moves out of the military sphere into the poli-
tical problems of Algeria and Cyprus, nation-
alist feeling might be so strong as to threaten
NATO's existence.
NATO is thus caught on the horn between
nationalist instinct and the desire for perman-
ent political and economic unity; and between
desire for agreement with Russia and practical
unity on the other. While the conference may
produce a greater measure of agreement with-
in NATO, by doing so, it would create circum-
stances which would make future agreement
with Russia less likely.

"They Act As If They've Been Doped"
s ;
4 \4
Those lo Read and Argue

'Proud and the Beautiful'
Realistic, Powerful.
THE PROUD AND THE BEAUTIFUL" is a fine film in almost every
respect. Didactic without being pedantic, dynamic without being
melodramatic, this movie is an excellent example of the success with
which good writing and sensitive acting may be united for commercial
In this case, the writing is that of Jean-Paul Sartre, whose works,
--notably "Les Mains Sales" and "Les Jeux Sont Faits,"-have previ-
ously proved eminently effective on the screen.
Although only an adaptation of a'Sartre story, this film is reminis-
cent of both of these and possesses much of their power and profundity.

. -!

Michele Morgan and Gerard Phi-
lipe star in the movie. Their inter-
pretations of their individual roles
are moving and convincing. The
former does an especially fine job;
although emotionally cool at first,
she forces the audience to share
with her both the death struggles
of her pride, and the birth pangs
of her love for a disreputable
* * *
A YOUNG WOMAN, traveling
through Mexico in the midst of
what seems to be an unusual heat
wave, is left alone without money
when her husband dies unexpect-
edly of spinal meningitis. Quaran-
tined in a small, hot town because
of the dangers of an epidemic, she
finds herself both attracted and
repelled by a drunken derelict who
gives her help.
He is, she discovers, a young
doctor who had unintentionally
killed his wife five years before,
and who has not been useful or
sober since.
Ashamed of her own feelings
and horrified by her surroundings,
she attempts to ignore and deny
her emotions. The young man,
goaded by the lecherous proprietor
of the woman's hotel, destroys her
pride by a grotesque and horrible
alcoholic dance, but refuses her
kindness when she gives it to him.
With renewed confidence in his
own strength, the former doctor
accepts the responsibility of plague
relief, and regains the will and
power to live meaningfully. Only
after each individual has-re-evalu-
ated and humbled himself, do the
two find salvation in each other.
THE MOST consistently evident
quality of "The Proud and the
Beautiful" is intensity. The emo-
tional effects of the film can be
hated or approved; but they can
scarcely be ignored.
Each moment seems to have been
carefully calculated to draw the
attention of the audience more and
more deeply into the action and
atmosphere of the story.
In the effort to build up empa-
thies and tensions, the cameras
miss few details. The oppressive
Mexican heat beats down upon the
viewer like some eternal, inescap-
able hammer, and panic and dis-
ease seem to pervade every corner
of every scene.
-Jean Willoughby
A T A TIME when Rumania is
drastically stiffening its penal
code by reinstating forced labor
camps and sentencing to death
thieves and embezzlers, the gov-
ernment has relieved the people.
of one juridical restriction. Abor-
tion has been made legal.
National Review


The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the Univer-
sity of Michigan for which the
Michigan Daily assumes no editori-
al responsibility. Notices should be
sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Build-
ing, before 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
General Notices
All women students attending the
Musketdproduction of "Kiss Me Kate"
on Wed.. Dec. 11, and Thurs., Dec. 12,
had permission until 12:15 a.m.
Women's Hours: Women students will
have 11:00 p.m. permission on Wed., Dec.'
18 and Thurs., Dec. 19.
Midyear Graduation Exercises Jan. 25,
1958. To be held at 2:00 p.m. in Hill
Auditorium. Exercises will conclude
about 4:00 p.m.
Reception for graduates and their
relatives and friends in Michigan
League Ballroom at 4:00 p.m. Please
enter League at west entrance.
Tickets: Three to each prqspective
graduate, to be distributed from Mon.,
Jan. 13, to 1:00 p.m. Sat., Jan. 25, at
Cashier's Office, first floor lobby of Ad-
ministration Building.
Academic Costume: Can be rented at
Moe Sport Shop, 711 North University
Avenue, Ann Arbor. Orders should be
placed immediately.
'Assembly for Graduates: At 1:00 p.m.
in Natural Science Auditorium. Mar-
shals will direct graduates to proper -
Graduation Announcements, Invita-
tions. etc.; Inquire at Office of"Student
Programs: To be distributed at Hill
Doctoral and professional degree can-
TION EXERCISES are entitled to re-
ceive a hood. Those receiving a doctor-
al degree other than Doctor of Philoso-
phy' may exchange the Ph.D. hood given
them during the ceremony for the ap.
propriate degree hood immediately aft-
er the ceremony, in the rear of Natural
Science Auditorium.
Junior Year in Scandinavia: Mr. Aage
Rosendal Nielsen, executive director of
the Scandinavian Seminar, will be
available Tues., Dec. 17 9 a.m. to 5 p.m.
at Lane Hall for consultation with stu-
dents interested in study in Norway,
Sweden, or Denmark.
Students under Public Law 550 (Ko-
rea G.I. Bill) or Public Law 634 (Or-
phans' Bill) should get instructors
signatures at last class meetings be-
fore Christmas recess -and turn the
form in to Dean's office before 5:00 pm.
Friday, December 20. VA forms 7-1996a
or 7-5496 may be signed in the Office of
veterans' Affairs, 555 Administration
Building, on Dec. 18, 19, 20, or Jan. 6
for claim of December training allow-


T]HE characteristic timidity of
the classroom situation has
moved one group to take matters
into their own hands. Carrying,
the monicker of Contemporary
Literature Club, they have organ-
ized a weekly bull session which
results in knowledge, illumination
and good, hot fights.
Secretary and Policy Maker
Helen Karlan, '60, spelled ° it out
for us. "We try to get away from
the classroom atmosphere - that
is, the lack of enthusiasm. We
want to do away with this busi-
ness of having to raise your hand
and then being afraid to say any
thing that might contradict the
professor. So many students have
this tendency to be spoon fed.
"This professor knows it all,' they
feel. 'Let him tell it to us.' And
there it stops. So many times when
an instructor says, 'Why do you
like this poem?' he has to wait
five minutes for an answer.'"
* * *
"IN THIS organization, when
somebody says, 'O'Neill meant
this when he wrote The Great God
Brown, you're not afraid to say,
'No, he didn't! You're wrong!' "
This rather devil-may-care at-
titude has brought forth many a
stimulating evening for the Con-
emporary Literature Club, which
meets on Tuesday nights in the
SAB. The club, with a member-

ship of 26, began the year by vot-
ing on which authors and which
works to tackle.
Because of time factors, they
tend to stray away from the novel
and concentrate on poetry and
drama. At the first meeting, mem-
bers tossed out possible subjects
and all were voted upon when in-
terest was evident.
The final choices were Yeats,
Dylan Thomas, O'Neill (specifi-
cally Desire Under the Elms, The
Great God Brown, and Long Day's
Journey Into Night), and Lorca
(Blood Wedding was the play dis-
cussed). The members prepare for
each meeting by reading the work
and thinking up questions and/or
IN EVERY case, Miss Karlan
emphasizes, it is the writing that
is important, not the author's
background. "We may talk about
what light the plays shed on
O'Neill, but never what light
O'Neill sheds on the plays."
The poetry sessions are gener-
ally accompanied by reading
aloud, and often Ph.D. candidates
who specialize in a certain writer
will elucidate their own singular
theories. But these are by no
means accepted as gospel by the
others. The club is primarily un-
degraduate, and they are not a
credulous lot. Many times the dis-

cussions have lasted on into the
night, over coffee, long after the
meeting has ended.
At the Dylan Thomas meeting,
an especially successful one, the
room was filled to overflowing.
Faculty Advisor Prof. Warschaus-
ky, who was moderating, started
things by reading a poem and
asking the assembled crowd,
"What does it mean?"
An answer was immediately giv-
en and immediately disagreed
with by another. From then on,
arguments raged, in a literary
way. Occasionally when things
seem to be dragging, the modera-
tor will throw forth a controver-
sial statement merely to incite
avid debate.
* * *
AT THE YEATS bash, speaking
of Sailing to Byzantium, the in-
terlocutor, in a lull, offered: "I
think this is a pagan poem." No
more was needed to start activity.
With just a few more meetings
scheduled before finals, the group
plans to discuss Kafka and pos-
sibly some of Joyce's Dubliners.
Potential members and curios-
ity seekers are admonished to say
what they think, to be brave and
to duck when necessary.
But after all, it's kind of nice
to think that people can still get
excited about literature, this be-
ing the Twentieth Century and
all that.

Soviet Economic Defensive

SOVIET INFLUENCE around the globe in the
last few weeks has been heightened not only
by her circling sputniks, but also by her shrewd
trade agreements.
Ghana was the first country within the last
month to agree to new Soviet trade promises.
Two months ago she came to the United States
seeking our help on her proposed 835 million
dollar development project on the Volta River.
We politely refused, but promised to continue
giving to Ghana our small technical assistance
aid. But her representative sadly returned home,
only to be -wooed by the Russians who were all
too willing to help out "jilted" Ghana. Although
Russia did not promise her the loan, the Soviets
did offer to initiate a generous trade agreement
with the new country.
Japan, too, just on December 6, signed a new
trade treaty with the Soviets. The events of this
incident coincide somewhat with the Ghana.
story. Japan had been to the United States
several weeks previous to the signing of the
Russo-Japanese pact, asking us to lower our
tariffs and to absorb more Japanese goods into
our economy. Again, we refused the immediate
plea, but promised some thought upon the
situation. Japan returned home, only to be
courted by tempting new Russian offers of trade
agreements. Japan had told us that "she must
export, or die," and we had failed to act, so the
Russian offer was quickly acted upon. The pact
is composed of three accords-trade, commerce,
and navigation; and it is expected to triple the
two nations' commerce which now stands at
about $10,000,000 annually.
The Japanese regard the act as a possible
prelude to negotiations on a full-fledged peace
treaty ending the hostilities between the two
countries. Because Japan is to withhold certain
goods for shipment to communist countries,,
under agreements with the United States, the
payments will be made in sterling.

THE THIRD INCIDENT involves West Ger-
many. Bonn has placed $25,000,000 worth of
cotton orders with the Soviet Union. The reason
for the shift from American cotton to Russian
cotton-Germany can buy cotton of superior
quality from Russia for the same price we
charge her. Why? Because our tariffs continue
to be at an all-time high. Russia by having
lower tariffs and having less distance to send
the staple can undersell us, and has.
What. does it all mean then? First of all
Russia has been using to her advantage our
own economic blunders. For in the areas where
we have failed to act, she has acted presenting
herself to our allies as a concerned and helpful
friend. The Soviets realize that economic aid,
even in terms of foreign trade is a boon to'
many depressed countries. Something must be
done in our country to correct our misconcep-
tion of the importance of low tariffs, and trade
agreements. However, the impending need for
such a changed administrative policy will have
to wait until February or January, for it is
then that the Administration will ask Congress
for a renewal of the Trade Agreements Act.
Under tle act the President may reduce duties
as much as five per cent through a five-year
period. However, despite the impending need
for such an act if we are to keep our allies
from drifting toward economic dependence
upon Russia, protectionist forces have already
threatened retalia'tory measures. The fight in'
Congress for lower tariffs, says Rep. Rayburn
of Texas, will be one of "blood, sweat, and
. Yet, the fight for lower tariffs is imperative,
for the outcome of such a congressional battle
may be a desisive factor in determining if Rus-
sia will continue to win influence and mastery
over our allies and the uncommited peoples
in the economic sphere.

Alcohol, Refugees, Favorite Landlady Discussed

Refugee Problem . .
To the Editor:
ONE OF THE features of the
radio announcements these
days is the urgency of the Ameri-
can people to "send a dollar" to
organizations all over the United
States to help the refugees in vari-
ous parts of the world: "Send a
dollar to help the refugees in Ko-
rea;" "Send a dollar to help the
Hungarian refugees;" "Send a dol-
lar to help taking care of the Pal-
estinian Arab refugees."
These are samples of what the
radio announcer says these days.
To give aid to the underprivileged
human beings in other parts of
the world is a highly appreciated
gesture of the American people.
But is it a concrete way towards
finding a solution for the human
injustices practiced against some
peace-loving people, whose only
crime was to be born in Korea,
Hungary or Palestine?
Examining one of the refugees'
cases we find that on Nov. 29, 1947
the United Nations made a tragic
decision which resulted in the dis---
placement of one million Pales-
tinians, who lived in and loved
that part of the world since the
dawn of history. Oher people im-
migrated to Palestine from coun-
tries all over the world, claiming
that God has promised to give
that part of the world to their an-
** * r
FOR THE PAST ten years, the

ages sent by American organiza-
Could the 25 million dollars
spent yearly on the Palestinian
refugees bring about any solution
for the problem? Would the used
clothing packages substitute for
the refugees' homeland? Could the
emotional announcements of the
radio offer a step towards solving
this problem?
Sending a dollar might relieve
the conscience of the person, but
it will not offer any solution to
the existing problems. The only
solution for such problems is to
face the realities in each case, no
matter how bitter they might be.
As in the case of the Palestinian
refugees, the solution is there in
the resolutions taken by the
United Nations, but no one pays
any attention to them.
These resolutions say that the
Palestinian refugees were given
the choice either to go back to
their homes or accept compensa-
tion if they so desire. These reso-
lutions were not accepted by Is-
-The Arab Club
Temperance . .
To the Editor:
OFTEN IT IS best that opinions
regal'ding controversial mat-
ters be maintained privately, for
too frequently those who are most
anxious to state their feelings
bring themsleves into a peculiar
light. Such has been the case in
recent letters to the editor con-
cerning the University's alcohol
1.0 fn i n -Qt

ther exposed themselves in 'at-
tempting to belittle Mr. Beebe
with such descriptions as "bird-
watching puritans," "prayer-meet-
ing eloquence," "Christian En-
deavor movement," and by the
strange closing paragraph of Mr.
One is aware that such name-
calling and sarcasm represent
weakness in literary writing and
in the presentation of a thought-
ful argument. Beyond the de-
ficiencies in straight-forwardness,
however, lies a more serious prob-
lem: Sellers and Clabault are
evidently confused regarding the
relationship of religion and al-
They appear to regard the use
or non-use of alcohol as a moral
question, whereas a man's decision
in this matter should rather be
the function of his own judgment,
based on the honest consideration
of the social, medical, economic
and psychologic implications or
consequences of the habit.
Although the moral philosophers
and religious philosophers regard
the temperate man as the stablest
man, and although I am personally
in agreement with this feeling, I
believe no fault is to be found with
the man who honestly follows what
in his judgment is the wisest
- -Reed Andrew, '58
To the Editor:
MANY THANKS for your article
-("Landlady liked by Foreign

number of The Daily, "Parasites,"
get acquainted with Mrs. George,
try to live in her home? I regret
that there are so few (?) land-
ladies like Mrs. George left in
Ann Arbor. I fear that, on leaving
school, the young man will not
have the pleasant memories of
Michigan and Ann Arbor that so
many of us hold dear, years after
our college days are over.
It is strange but we only get
back that which we have given
away. Is it the landlord, landlady
or the student?
Best wishes to you, the staff and
all the men and women of Michi-
gan; Merry Christmas and Happy
New Year too !
-John R. Cottin, '22
Invitation .
To the Editor:
IN SATURDAY'S Daily, there ap-
peared a letter signed by "W.
Carver Smith, Grad."
According to the Office of
Registration and Records, there is
no "W. Carver Smith" in the Uni-
I personally would like to in-
vite the person or persons who
wrote the letter to a meeting of
the NAACP at 7:30 p.m. today at
the Student Activities Building, so
that a proper presentation of
grievances may be made.
-Berkley Eddins, Grad.
Not Guilty . .
To the Editor:
THERE appeared in The Daily

January Graduates may order caps
and gowns from Moe's Sport Shop on
North University.
Students and almuni from Flint are
invited to the first annual Holiday
Ball given by the Flint College of the
University on Sat., Dec. -21-from29:00
p.m. to 1:00 a.m., in the second floor
ballroom of the Mott Memorial Bldg. on
the Court Street campus. Music by El-
mer Schmidt's quintet. Semi-formal
dance with' no corsages. $2.00 a couple.
Sydney Chapman Lecture: "How Erup-
tions of Solar Gas Influence the Earth."
Tues., Dec. 17, 4:00 p.m., Aud. C, Angell
Faculty Recital: Robert Courte, 'vio-
list, and Lydia Courte, pianist, will per-
form at 8:30 p.m. Tues., Dec. 17. in Ly-
dia Mendelssohn Theater. Vivald e
Suite in B flat, Haydn's Divertimento in
D major, Mozart's Trio in E flat, K. 498:
Schumann's Fairy Tales, Op. 132, and
Leslie Bassett's Sonata (1956) which will
be performed for the first time in Ann
Arbor, and which was dedicated to Ly-
dia and Robert Courte. Open to the
general public without charge.
Annual Christmas Choir Concert, 8:30t
p.m. Wed., Dec. 18. in Hill Auditorium,
performde by the University Choir and
the Michigan Singers, Maynard Klein,
conductor. Bach's "Break Forth,. 0
Beauteous Heavenly Light," Wilan'
"The Three Kings," Vittoria's "O Mag-
num Mysterium," Palestrina's "Hodie
Christus natus est," Brahm's "O Sa-
viour, Throw the Heavens Wide,"
"Sing Ye to the Lord," and Verdi's. "Te
Schutz' "Cantate Domino," Bach's
Deum.". Open to the general publk
without charge.
Academic Notices
Engineers: Copies of the "Engineers'
Job Directory" for 1958 are now avail-
able at the Engineering Placement Of-
fice. Room 347, W. Eng. Free to seniors
and graduate students; others $5.00 per'
copy. Quantity limited.
Sociology Colloquium, Jeremiah Kap-
lan, publisher and editor of The Free
Press, Glencoe, Illinois, will speak on,
"The Researcher and His Publics," to-
day, at 4:00 p.m., East Conference Em.,
Rackham Building.
Mathematics Colloquium Tues.. Dec.






Prim in' the Pump

By The Associated Press
NEwYORK-State and local governments are
fast narrownng the still wide gap between
their spending and that of the federal govern-
inent. -
The expected increase next year in this
outpouring of money into the economy is
counted upon to help offset the decline in
industry. -
More than 36 billion dollars will be spent
next year 'for goods and services by' the 48

ALTOGETHER it's quite a cushion the tax-
payers are putting under the economy, if
that's any consolation to them.
Spending by the state and local governments
has doubled since 1949 and is 4% times the
prewar total.
The Northern Trust Co. of Chicago notes in
Its December comment on business: "The popu-
lar demand for more or better public services,
to all appearances, continues undiminished. The
rapidly rising schoolage population, the contin-
ued expansion in housing, the growth in number
of cars on the road, and the gradual spread of



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