Sixty-Seven Years of Editorial Freedom
PARTLY CLOUDY, WARM
III, No. 72
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 14. 1957
ritain Con trols Hydrogen Reaction
$2'2 Million Proje
Peaceful Uses Seen'
As F4ture Objective
PARIS (A'). - British scientists
were reported yesterday to have
discovered how to control for
peaceful uses the awesome power
released in hydrogen explosions.
Diplomats of three nations said
Britain's government Is preparing
to announce soon some details of
what has been described as a con-
trolled hydrogen reaction.
New Power Source
In the United States, leading
American scientist said he believes
Britain may have found the secret
of tapping the heavy hydrogen in
ordinary sea water as an unlimited
s8ource of .power.
oScitentists at.Britain's Harwell
""lerresearch station long have
*eeworking on ;methods to de-
velop containers that could with-
8tafnd the tremend'ous heat created
by a hydrogen explosion.
The British Atomic Energy Au-
thority reported cautiously several
weeks ago that some progress had
been made toward harnessing tlie
#'-bomb. That announcement said
the scientists of both Britain and
the Ulited States had made pro-
gress in etperiments aimed at pro-
ducing hydrogen power inside a
Nothing further has been dis-
closed officially. Under a tripartite
agreement, Britain, the United
tateg and Canada are bound to
declassify nuclear secrets only
after they are sure the Soviet
Union will not benefit from the
The London News Chronicle this
week said British scientists had
created an 'artificial sun. It de-
manded that the dscovey be
A ritish Prime Minister MacMil-
lan /said In a television speech
Monday British scientists working
on the civilian use of hydrogen
explosions may be heading for "a
completely new source of power
absolutely unknown before." He
added that its raw material "could
be got out of the sea itself."
Fate of Beck,
SEATTLE (/P) - The grand lar-
ceny case against Dave Beck, 63-
year-old president of the Team-
sters Union, went to the jury yes-
The fate of the wealthy, one-
time delivery boy was put in the
hands of seven men and five
Beck's trial began . go.
He is accused of embezzi, 00
from the ^sale of 'a union ed
Before they. retired, the jurors
weeurged by Beck's attorney to
disregard "frenzied, insane prop-
aganda" against the Teamster
The state, in turn, described
Beck as a "would-be great man"
who sacrificed loyal employes to
U.S. To Launch
WASHINGTON (P-The Pentagon's missiles chief disclosed yes-
terday the United States is planning to put a half-ton earth satellite
into orbit, but didn't say when.
William M. Holaday also told the Senate Preparedness subcom-
mittee that the government has given national priority to perfection
of the intermediate-range ballistic missile.
Atlas Program Accelerated
"We are accelerating the Atlas program," he added. The Atlas
is an ICBM designed to carry a nuclear warhead, to targets 5,000 miles
or more away. It is being develpped by the Air Force. Holaday was
"'the first witness called when the
JAKARTA; Indonesia (A)-Indo-
nesia's army chief ordered a halt
yesterday to the seizure of Dutch
businesses and threatened severe
punishment if his orders were dis-
The effect of his decree remain-
ed to be seen.
The action of Maj. Gen. Abdul
Haris Nasution, army chief of
staff, was announced after Presi-
dent Sukarno, smiling but tense,'
made a personal; appearance to
disprove reports that he had been
ousted by a triumvirate and made
a prisoner of the army. -
Sukarno's Departure Runiored }
Earlier, it had been announced
that the 56-year-old Sukarno is
leaving the country within a week
to recuperate from mental and-
Premier Djuanda, a Socialist
nonparty man, asked Parliament
to. swear in Speaker Sartono, a
56-year-old moderate Nationalist,
as acting president, but a govern-
ment spokesman indicated the
Premier and Gen. Nasution ac-
tually will run things.
' These contradictory statements
left observers in the dark as to,
what actually was happening be-
hind the scenes. "
Orderly Seizure Planned
Gen. Nasution's orders to all
military commanders directed
them to take supervisory control
of seized Dutch enterprises in an
orderly way and to bring all prob-
lems in connection with the super-
vision to' the central military ad-.
ministration and the government.
It further directed military ad-
ministrators to mobilize experts,
including Dutch citizens, under
martial law regulations to assure
the smooth operation of the super-
vised firms, but not to employ
Dutch nationals formerly in the
armed services or intelligence. He
said this restriction was for se-
Senate Group resumed its investi-
gating of why the United States
has falled behind the Soviet Union
in some sections of the missile and
He acknowledged that it was a
mistake not to use the Army's suc-
cessful Jupiter-C missile, an IR-
'BM, in an effort to put a satellite
into orbit as early as September
1956. The first Soviet Sputnik went
up last Oct. 4.
Army Preparing Satellite
The Army has now been assigned
to get a satellite up with a modi-
fied Jupiter-C as soon as possible.
Hoiaday asserted this country
has the same ability as the Soviet
Union to launch a large-size satel-
lite. It was at this point that he
disclosed the plans to send up a
half-tonner. Sputnik II, with its
dog aboard, was reported to have
weighed slightly more - 1,120
Edwin Weisl, committee counsel,
asked Holaday whether the United
States has a motor or motors with
enough thrust to lift a 1,000-pound
satellite. "The Russians did it,"
Weisl told him.
"I believe we have the same
ability," Holaday replied. "I would
not like to disclose any date at this
Satellite Set for March
Project Vanguard is aiming to
get a 21-pound satellite into orbit
WASHINGTON (A') - A vet-
eran career officer, Lt. Gen.
James W. Gavin, proposed late
yesterday that the Joint Chiefs
of Staff military system be
Gavin, who is chief of the
Army's work onmissiles, sprang
the surprise suggestion at an
overtime meeting of the Senate
by March, and the Army may fire
a. Jupiter with a slightly heavier1
satellite next month.
The national priority now given
to the two classes of ballistic mis-
siles, Holaday testified is higher,
than the Category I priority he
said is in effect for all other
WASHINGTON W) - President
Dwight D. Eisenhower left yester-
day for Paris and the summit
meeting of the North Atlantic
Lobking relaxed and smiling
broadly, Eisenhower showed no
outward sign of disturbance over
heavy anti-NATO propaganda at-
tacks from the Rssians, any
more than he exhibited any super-
stition over this being Friday the
Eisenhower's admittedly , tough
job is to strengthen the Western
Alliance, which has been shaken
by a number of events including
differences between the Allies and.
Russia's new military-scientific
His big plane, the Columbine
III,' lifted him and his party from
National Airport as dusk gathered.
The White House said that only
the customary safety precautions
were being taken on the flight,
even though a bad storm has been
raging over the North Atlantic.
Three of the U.S. Navy ships
from the Atlantic Fleet and a
Coast Guard ship are stationed in
the Wstern Atlantic on the line
of flight, while three British ships
and a U.S. Navy destroyer line the
eastern end of the route.
T rip Nod,
special to The Daily
GRAND FORKS, N. D.-Michi-
gan got off to a successful cam-
paign in WIHL competition when
the Wolverines smashed out a 3-1
victory over North Dakota here
last night, before 5,000 fans.
These same two teams will go
at it again tonight in the Sioux
Winter Sports Arena, the .game
starting at 10 p.m. EST.
Last night's win was determined
early in the game with all the
goals being scored in .the opening
The Wolverines got off to a 2-0
lead after only 12 minutes of play
had passed. From the start of the
game, however, the Nodaks kept
the pressure on Michigan's goalie,
Ross Childs and the defensemen.
Last night's game was the league
opener for both the squads, and
the Wolverine victory marked a
win for Coach Al Renfrew over the
team he coached last season.
Halfway through the first pe-
riod, Michigan's captain, Neil Mc-
Donald was carried from the ice
with a possible broken ankle. But
See McDONALD, Page 3
THE OLD AND THE NEW-Yesterday's Regent meeting was the
last for Alfred B. Connable (left) and Paul L. Adams (right) who
talk with incoming Regents Carl Brablec and Irene Murphy. Vera
B. Baits, who was not at the meeting, also leaves the Regents with
Adams and Connable.
Regents Connable, Adams,
When the University Regents again;gather around the huge con-
ference table on the second floor of..the administration building in
January, three familiar faces will be missing.
It was the last meet'ing for Regents Vera B. Baits, Alfred B. Con-
nable and Pail L. Adams. Sitting in their places in January will be
Irene Murphy, elected in the last spring election, Ca'rl Brablec, and a
third yet to be named by Gov. G. Mennen Williams.
Two Terms Expire
The eight yea'r terms of Mrs. Baits and Connable end Dec. 31,
-1957. Connable was defeated in his attempt last spring to win another,
eight year term. Mrs. Baits did '
not seek re-election.
Adams will resign when he be- Oi) oa Tt it Ld s
comes Michigan's attorney-gener-
al Jan. 1. He was appointed to the M o
post last week by Gov. Williams. ore F u ids
Adams, who resides in Sault Ste.
Marie, has filled only two years
the University in 1930 and the O oais
law school in 1936. This was his
first term as Regent. Additional money was added to
Baits Appointed by Kelly the student loan fund by' Regental'
Mrs. Baits of Detroit has served action yesterday.
as a Regent since 1943 when she 'A bequest of $107,079.48, given
was appointed' by 3ov. Harry F. to the University in September by
Kelly to fill the vacancy caused theestate of John Hulst, was.
by the death of another Regent. dsna d fo tud A
The 'University graduate was Vice-President for Student' Af-
elected to the Board in 1949. She fairs James A. Lewis said the'
was unable to attend yesterday's move would insure that the fund
meeting. would be able to meet the de-
For Connable, the §enior Re- E mands of the coming semester.
gent, it was the finale of 16 years Earlier in the week, Pean of
of service. The Kalamazoo invest- Men Walter Rea said'$180,000
ment counselor was first elected was then available for loans and
to the Regents in 1941 and re- predicted $240,000. would be re-
elected in 1949. quested in February.
As he put it in his last remarks,F-l
"I've served from just after Pearl W abf u
Harbor to just after Sputnik." He w agn rF is
reviewed the changes in educa-
tional concepts he has observed, To End Crisis
and referred to his service as a
"labor of love for the alma mater." I T NHdn n
He extended his congratulations |II NLJ. Str1ke
to 'the two new Regents who sat
next to him throughout the meet- NEW YORK (M)-Mayor Robert
ing. F. Wagner took a hand in the elve-
day subway crisis yesterday, but
apparently he had nothing to offer
the striking motormen and got no-
submitted Ato the Regents.
Regent Roscoe O. Bonisteel of
Ann Arbor noted that In estab-
lishing the Institute,,"we in no way
expect to lessen our progress and
efforts in other educational fields
such as the humanities.
'(We are here today adopting a
program to meet an imnediate
educational need in scientific fields
of knowledge-in the interests of
our national secuity and, we hope,
Begin Work Immediately
President Hatcher said work?
would begin immediately -on the
Institute but declined to specifi-
cally state when it could get into
He indicated an operational bud-
ge't of about $2% million could be
expected. The state legislature will
be asked for basic funds to run
the Institute but business and in-
dustry, private individuals and the
federal government will also be
approached for financial support.
Specifically, the report outlines
five major goal for the Institute:
1) Serving as a center for
scientific And technological in-
struction, research and service at
the collegiate and post-graduate
level. It would be staffed by Uni-
versity faculty members and out-
standing new men who could be
attracted to the Institute.
2) Establishing and administer-
ing a system of scholarship grants
for graduate and undergraduate
students who desire to devote
themselves to teaching or to re-
search in the fields of technology
and science. This would be based
upon a most thorough and careful
search of the entire state.
3) Carrying on research in meth-
ods of increasing the effectiveness
and extent of scientific education
at all levels.
4) Co-operating with other edu-
cation institutions in the state,
both public and private, to en-
courage scientific and technologi,
cal research and instruction.
Scientific Cooperation Cited
Staff members and nationally
known scientists would be given
time from teaching duties to work
with high schools, other colleges
and universities and even elemen-
tary schools in an effort to stimu-
late and encourage interest in
careers in science.
5) Attempt to extend the co-
operation of business and industry
in furthering the purposes of the
Institute, especially as they relate
to future industrial and business
development in the state.
Early concentration is planned
in the areas of radio-astronomy,
computing, and data processing,
rocket and missile development,
nuclear physics, high temperature
metallurgy, biology of the living
cell and upper atmosphere re-
A state-wide advisory committee
broadly representative of educa-
tional, governmental, labor, indus-
trial and business interests'in the
state was also recommended.
To Stay Open
The 'main Ann Arbor Post Office
and the two substations will re-
UNITED NATIONS, N.Y. (A) --
said yesterday the United State
in its search for peace welcomes
any hopeful sign from the Soviet
Union, but he added it is up tc
Moscow to match its "fine words'
with concrete action.
Lodge spoke in the 82-nation
United Nations Political Commit-
tee in reply to a speech Thur'sday
from Soviet Deputy Foreign Min-
ister Vasily V. Kuznetsov propos-
ing a U.S.-Soviet treaty of friend.
ship and peaceful cooperation.
Lodge Shows Skepticism
The United States regarded the
Kuznetsov speech as exceptional-
ly mild. It caused Lodge to re-
vise a speech he had prepared. i
The revised speech reflected a
mild skepticism expressed 'b3
Lodge himself in saying thE
United States. and other nation"
had a "from Mi'ssouri," or "show
me" attitude toward Soviet dec-
larations of peaceful intentions.
Speech Precedes NATO
He noted the Soviet speech wai
delivered in advance of the com-
ing NATO meetings, and said thai
while the United States wants t
work with the Soviet Union foi
peace, "mere coexistence 'whi
one side tries to bury the other
not the answer."
The Soviet Union had asked the
committee to approve a resolutior
calling on the UN to eiidorse a
policy of "nonaggression" and
"peaceful coexistence" among al
countries of the world.
By The Associated Press
DULUTH, Minn.-An Air ForC
$47 bomber, crippled by loss o
power in: three of its six je
engines, crashed and exploded i
an attempted emergency landini
at the Duluth Air Base yesterday
All three crewmen were killed.
LONDON-Britain's atom chief
told this worried nation yesterdw:
that a nuclear fire killed one senio1
scientist and slightly injured fIy
other men inside at top-secre
atomic weapons arsenal Wednes
WASHINGTO' - Presiden
Dwight D. Eisenhwer yesterda
named Karl L. Rankin, new am
bassador to Yugoslavia.
The appointment makes Rankii
the successor to James W. Riddle
berger, recently appointed ambas
sador to Greece -
Rankin, 59, has lbeen in th
StaeDepartment since 1927 an
has been ambassador to Chim
By DAVID TARR
The Board of Regents has approved establishment of
Institute of Science and Technology. at the University to he
meet the Soviet Union's educational cha'llenge.
Presented to the Regents at their December meeti:
yesterday, the Institute plan will 'be aimed at meeting
critical need for highly trained scientists and engineers ax
developing sufficient skilled manpower to put Michigan ahe,
in forthcoming technological advances.
Aspecial Science Advisory Committee appointed Nov.
by University President Harlan Hatcher drew up the pla
The Committee's report was3
Progran Includes Grants, Resear
On Collegiate, Post-Graduate Lev
CROWD OF 200
Japanese Artist Performs in Architectur
Trip to Moon
The Rocket and Satellite Re-
search Panel, which includes four
members of the University faculty,
has urged the government to work
toward expeditions to the moon.
By THOMAS HAYDEN
A gallery of 200 persons viewed
a Japanese art treasure at the ar-
What they saw was not balanced
on a pedestal, however. Nor was it
carefully preserved behind a bar-
rier of glass.
Instead, they saw a pair of
hands, nimbly going about the
task of creation.
Ceramist on Tour
Those hands belonged towToyo
Kaneshige, one of the world's
foremost ceramists, who is visiting
the University this week as part of
a global tour. He fashioned sever-
thing spiritual, something at the
base of art," he explained.
Seeks Contemporary Spirit
Kaneshige pointed out that Jap-
anese culture is rich in tradition.
To keep that tradition alive, 'I
must capture the contemporary
spirit of art," he declared.
"In the past Japan was my lim-
ifed world," Kaneshige continued.
"Now with communication and
transportation improvements, the
whole world is my environment
and I must travel to discover this
true contemporary spirit."
Kaneshige, 61 years old, was
born in Imbe, Japan, with 77 gen-
erations of pottery makers pre-
ceding him in his family.
Relates Father's Training
He said that his father never
taught him the craft, "I was al-
lowed only to sit and watch," he
reflected. Kaneshige recalled how
he would go up into the mountains
to find clay and "process" it under
his stamping feet. At first, he
+Wagnermet in private for 50
minutes with Louis Waldman,
counsel for the independent Motor-
men's Benevolent Association.
Wagner said he told the lawyer
he wouldn't discuss strike issues
until the motormen go back to
Waldman said afterwards: "I
feel the men will not return to
work until a. settlement is made
that is just to them . .. The men
would rather be driven into the
East River than go back to work
without any guarantees.' There
isn't the slightest .hope of get-
ting the men back to work on an
unconditional surrender or blank
The Commerce and Industry As-!
sociation said business was back
to near normal and that absentee-
I-- rah' (VT..Ti