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September 16, 1957 - Image 58

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1957-09-16

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cl Al Migan Dally
Sixty-Eighth Year'
EDITED AND:MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone No 2-3241

ons Are Free
11 Prevail"

s printed in The Michigan gaily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

1$, 1957

NIGHT EDITOR: VERNON NAHRGANG

The Da ily's Role
In the University Community

ROLE of The Michigan Daily on campus
been debated ever since its first issue
tember 29, 1890. It then served a com-
of a few thousand persons primarily
ep-booster and chronicle of the Univer-
rospering athletic program. It was not
1 then to see a front page headline and
orial agree that the football team "must
p,,'
then The Daily has increased the size
ember of its pages, extended their scope
ude national and, international news
eatly broadened its coverage of campus
ts news columns have ceased to plead
uses, while its editorial columns plead
nore, and with greater diversity of opin-
Daily's changing role on campus, how-
annot realistically be discussed without
fining the nature of the University com-
it serves.
' COMMUNITY of nearly 30,000 is het-
eneous in age, interests and outlook;
eographically and organizationally di-
Zany ways; individually it is often bust-,
Ih thought, discussion and activity; ,col-
r it is frequently inert. Its common goal
progress of knowledge andrthe retreat
prance, but its common problems are
discussed among its segments.
)aily is, it seems strange to say, the only
on which serves this community jointly
rsonally on a day-to-day basis. It and,
thery publications, the University presi-
he athletic teams, . the annual corn-
ent exercises and the name of the
ity of Michigan are among the few
which represent the University commu-
ntly and on a long-run basis. Among
'he Daily is unique in its ability to des-
scuss and debate before the entire Uni-
community its individual and collective
a and problems.
unique ability thus defines what the
r ole of The Daily should be: the clear
ion, discussion and debate of those
which concern the University commu-
it all of which, of course, occur within
ines.
.THER factor enters into The Daily's.
tion: the financial independence af.
by the paper's "monopolistic position"
ipus and the editorial independence
is "sixty-seven years of editorial free-,
have permitted. This independence
hat, while The Daily wants and some-
quires for sustenance the respect of the
it is also permitted to achieve what it

requires most: self-respect and obedience to its
own standards of what is important and what
is praiseworthy.
These standards may not be the best possible
or even the best to be found within the Uni-
versity community, but they are the only ones
which the Daily can honestly follow and pre-
sent to its readers.
In granting the staff this freedom to follow
its own standards, the community has a right
to expect that those standards shall reflect the
more mature, thoughtful and nobler parts of
the staff. And given standards reflective of
those parts, the community has a right to ex-
pect greater conformity to them than it has
learned to recognize in many segments of the
nation's press. It has granted the Daily staff
an "idealist's paradise" which it should expect
the staff will neither ignore nor fail to appre-
ciate.
IN ATTEMPTING to gear its activities to this
situation, The Daily cannot be many things
which some members of the University from
time to time expect it to be.
In atempting to reflect in its editorial col-
umns the most intelligent and informed stu-
dent viewpoint possible, The Daily can never
be a passive mirror of campus opinion, a mere;
reflection of the consensus, nor can it ignore its
responsibility to discuss and debate bygbecom-
ing, a neutral observer of the campus scene,
choosing to stimulate no one for fear of offend-
ing anyone..
In attempting to describe objectively and
fairly-- within the limits of human judgment
- the news of the day, The Daily cannot be-
come a purely political instrument, entirely de-
voting itself to the furtherance of a particular
viewpoint, however tempting that may be.
In attempting to evaluate news And discuss
events, The Daily must carefully apply its own
standards of what is important and correct,
and it cannot abdicate this sometimes frighten-
ing responsibility by primarily becoming a pub-
licity organ for campus groups or a public re-
lations representative for the University. If it
sometimes uncovers the unpleasant or criti-
cizes the faulty, it -does so usually in the hope
of improvement and always because only thus
can it adequately serve the community.
IN SHORT, in living up to its proper role on
the University campus, The Daily must be,
not a political tool, a passive reflection or a
cheery glorification of life at the University,
but a newspaper, one which lives up to the best
deals of active, thoughtful, stimulating and
honest journalism.
-PETER ECKSTEIN
Editor

"If We're Gonna Have 'Em, We Might As Well Use 'Em"
" . COURT 's
FOLLOWIM4
EVoEP SEANS OF
TEER
o 0
Ii. FOLL'BC t P
_rOaACCO
' F 7
1~ a
PART OF UNIVERSITY LIFE:
Students Must Know Issues

Da ly Editorial Page

MOVIES AND THEATER:
Audience, Productions
Both Need Improvenen
By JEAN WILLOUGHBY
rJMOUBLED EXILES from the vast amorhphous deserts of midwes
television, class B movies, and soggy popcorn have traditioi
looked to the university town as the sole outpost of civilized soc
Here, supposedly, in this oasis of the intelligentsia, there exists a hU
order of intellectuallife in all its varied phases.
Great gatherings of literate people, united by an insatiable th
for knowledge, with the wisdom of the ages and the finances of the s
legislature at their command make inevitable in this harried individu
mind, the perpetual presence of good music, good film entertainm

BEET THE page you are now reading. It is
The Daily staff's aim that this news-
aper-and especially the editorial page-
omplement the educational menu of the
'niversity, seeking to replace leakage from-
tat has been "liberal" education, so much
eeded in our too specialized and philistine
ociety..;
In pursuit of this objective, comment on this
age will concern the gamut of disciplines
>und in the Literary College's catalogue and
hen some. For those undergraduates and grad-
ates channeling most of their study in one
eld, we hope a display of, and/or commentary
;on, the current ideas and events in a spec-
um of fields will be of service.
N THE MAIN, comment will be presented
through four different types of articles:,
The editorial. Written exclusively by Daily
litorial staff members, of which there are
early 80, student-written editorials are opin-
nated comments, for the most part, upon in-
rnational, domestic and campus politics and
ciety, plus frequent critiques of University,
Iministration, faculty and student body. Fol-
wing an editorial policy uncommon in the
ewspaper industry, The Daily does not have,
i editorial line-that is, contradictory opin-
ns often appear, where one editorialist might
Ivocate recognizing Red China one day, and
.e next day's paper an editorial could argue
aintenance of the status quo. Inconsistency
is its disadvantages in this field, but we see
ore than sentimental value in expressive free-
Editorial Staff
PETER ECKSTEIN, Editor
JAMES ELSMAN, JR. VERNON NAHRGANG
Editorial Director City Editor
)NNA HANSON... ~. ....Personnel Director
kMMY MORRISON ...............Magazine Editor
ILIAM HANEY ...,.......Features Editor
3SE PERLBERG........... .Activities Editor
)WARD GERULDSEN ....Associate Editorial Director
ROL PRINS .........Associate Personnel Director
,MES BAAD. M. ,........ .. Sports Editor
UCE BENNETT.......... .Associate Sports Editor
HN HILLYER .......,...-..Associate Sports Editor

dom. The editorials will bear personal signa-
tures, and it would aid the serious reader to
identify the individual "lines" of the editorial-
ists as the semester progresses.
The columnists. Judging from The Daily's
syndicated copy, a hasty observer would likely
remark on the paper's Democratic bent, since
our cartoonist, the renowned Herblock, plus
writers Drew Pearson and Walter Lippmann,
fill our columns. However, attesting to the
non-partisanship behind playing this lineup,
the trio has survived through both Republi-
can and Democratic regimes in the Senior Edi-
torial offices. We believe Pearson's approach
to the understanding of government from the
personalities-and-intrigues viewpoint is nearly
as valuable as Lippmann's analytical and vis-
ionary tack.
Two Associated Press commentators, who
generally eschew partisanship, J. M. Roberts.
and William Ryan, will appear frequently. Lo-
cally, Generation Editor David Newman will
contribute a chatty appraisal of campus cul-
tural life, and another staffer will write a
weekly television column. A what-the-newstory-
didn't-tell column will be written weekly by
The Daily's reporter of Student Government
Council.
The reviews. A special staff of nearly 25 stu-
dents and faculty supply critical comment on
movies, plays, concerts, books and other cul-
tural offerings in and out of Ann Arbor vicini-
ty. Plays and concerts are reviewed the morn-
ing after their opening.
The features. Through this vehicle, we hope
to achieve greatest latitude and depth. Staff
writers-and in special cases, readers-will
prepare articles on subjects geared to the
University community. Such varied topics' as
radiation hazards, medicine, the institution of
marriage, faiths men live by and foreign stu-
dents' anaylses of the United States= are in our
year's plans.
WE OF THE DAILY invite the reader to par-
ticipate actively with us in expression of
opinion on the editorial page. Besides reading
the page regularly, we would welcome critical
comment from readers in the form of letters-
to-the-editor. As noted before, in some cases

By VERNON NAHRGANG
Daily City Editor
THE MAJOR problem facing
every mature University stu-
dent today is the achievement of a
proper balance between the aca-
demic and the extracurricular.
That, the academic work must be
supplemented by the extracurricu-
lar is no longer questioned; it is
merely a matter of finding the
most workable combination to suit
the individual.
On a campus of 24,000 or more,
the opportunities for activity are
unbounded No matter what the
individual's field, there is a cor-
responding activity outside the
classroom to add to hi store of
knowledge and experience in an
often more practical way.
Whether the student seeks to
add to his studies through extra-
curricular work, or whether he in-
tends to supplement them by doing
something /entirely different, the
opportunity is there.
Most mature students, over the
years, seem to take advantage of
that opportunity. Others waver,
undecided, finally finding some
participation more advantageous
than none.
THOSE WHO do become active
In "outside" activities find them-
selves leaders in the community,
thinkers in an academic world.
Those who fail to become active
often keep, in contact with the
campus world by following the
"issues" and the problems, aca-
demic or not, that plague the cam-
pus year in and year out.
An( these issues aredthe heart
of the campus and its day-to-day
life. They are the backbone of the
University's existence, the nerves
that tie together the semesters
and make them differ from one
another.
For anyone not to be actively
aware of the campus and its prob-
lems is to live in a dark world and
work blindly toward an endless
goal.
Fortunately, the rate of aware-
ness at the University is higher
than average; that rate is a
tribute to the intelligence and ca-
pability with which the University
community operates.
* * *
BUT, before there can be aware-
ness, there must be understanding.
Here, as anywhere else, an under-
standing of the issues is necessary
to the following of them.
New students must take the first
opportunity to acquaint them-
selves with the campus and its
thought; they must become im-
mediately aware so that they can
take part all the sooner in the
extracurricular world of the Uni-
versity
And, too, the issues are many.
They concern academic matters of
rising enrollments and falling
standards, they involve the rights
and duties of Student Government
Council, they question the rights
of small groups limiting member-
ship on a racial or religious basis,
they examine the relative import-
ance in the University of such
things as athletics and social
affairs.
But, numerous as they may be,
these are important issues; they

in numbers of students. The pro-
jection shows that the present
population of about 24,000 will be
doubled bY ,1970.
Obviously, the question is what
to do with all these students. The
problem is even more severe be-
cause the steady increase yearly
of 1,000 to 1,500 forces the Univer-
sity, held back by lack of funds,
to make short-range provisions to
accomodate small additional num-
bers instead of the needed long-
range projects.
There are several possible an-
swers to the enrollments problem.
One, current at Michigan State
University, is to limit enrollments
after a certain number. This can-
not be the correct answer because
it places a barrier to higher educa-
tion for otherwise well-qualified
persons.-
ANOTHER being triedat the
University of Detroit beginning
this fall, is to televise classes. This
method has its merits, but it also
keeps the student further from the
needed atmosphere of a Univer-
sity community and its stimula-
tion-which comes both from the
teacher and from the other stu-
dents.
A third method, that current at
the University, is to expand in all
directions to meet the growing
numbers. While perhaps superior
to the other methods all told, it,
too, has serious drawbacks and
limitations.
Lack of funds to both maintain
present facilities and construct
new ones, danger of being unable
to provide capable instruction, and
the need for personal instruction
and stimulation are all inherent
objections to a directionless expan-
sion.
But these are just part of the
problems of enrollments and
standards. More will undoubtedly
be heard as this issue comes up
for discussion again and again
this fall-as the most important
academic problem at the Univer-
sity.
* * *
ANOTHER of th major prob-
lems students must face, and one
more specifically belonging to this
campus, is the place of Student
Government Council as the voice
of the students.
Having completed two full years
as the official student body, SGC
was given blanket approval by the
University Regents last spring,
finally.establishing it as the Uni-
versity's student voice.
But not only is SGC an im-
proved student body-it is also a
much listened to body. Many of
SOC's resolutions and recommen-
dations of the past two years have
met with full consideration and
approval of the University and in
some cases the Regents.
Calendaring, lecture committee,
driving ban, student affairs-all
these specific areas received SOC's
consideration recently and result-
ant recommendations, accepted by
t h e University administration,
have made their mark.
R " *
SGC, THEN, is a potentially
powerful body. There can be no
doubt that it is held in great
esteem by the University.

be watched, followed, listened to
and understood. And the Indi-
vidual must make an effort to pass
along his thoughts to that group
that represents him, for only then
can SGC be a true student voice.
A GROWING trend in human
relations presents another con-
cern for the wide-awake student
on campus. Ann Arbor's human
relations commission, established
just this summer, and the human
relations board operating in con-
junction with SGC, are pointing.
the way in this area.
The .concern is for a wider ac-
ceptance of other human beings
on all levels-a breaking down of
old, has-been social and economi-
cal barriers among equal citizens..
The University's refusal to rec-
ognize a group barring member-
ship on racial or religious grounds
is in line with this tradition--and
it led to last year's most vital issue,
that of "Sigma Kappa."
The local sorority was called to
question when its national sus-
pended the charters of chapters
at two others schools which had
recently pledged Negro women.'
After some months of debate
and consideration, SGC, whose
jurisdiction extends over all stu-
dent organizations, found Sigma
Kappa in violation of University
rules and, after two more long
months of deliberation, decided to
give the sorority until the fall of
1958 to do something about the
situation or cease to exist on cam-
pus.
What the sorority had to do was
not outlined, however, and that
alone will be a problem for cam-
pus consideration this year.
* , ,
YET THESE are far from being
the only "issues" of which stu-
dents should be aware. The lengthy
list does not permit enumeration
here.
But these are the major ones;
others may come up to surpass
them, and if so, they will Abe
watched and understood as they
come.
Meanwhile, it is in the best in-
terests of the individual to make
his acquaintance with these basic
issues as soon as possible; they
will enrich his University years
with fullness and meaning.

and above all, good theater. That
the actuality might differ from
the dream, that such a town as
Ann Arbor or Madison or Lansing
should be lacking in any one of
these is, to him, inconceivable.
Unfortunately-both for us and
for him--the poor fellow would
suffer a less than pleasant shock
of disillusionment were he to ex-
amine, with any degree of care or
discernment, the reality of Ann
Arbor's cultural milieu.
Good music is undoubtedly here,'
interesting movies come aroupd as
often as might be expected, but
good theater, the hallmark of an
intelligent civilization, seems to
have passed the town completely.
Despite the existence of many
extremely competent dramatic
groups, an active and ambitious
University department of speech,
and potentially enthusiastic audi-
ences, only one professional acting
organization, the Ann Arbor Civic
Theater, seems to promise produc-
tions in town this year.
THE REASONS for the appar-
ently paradoxical phenomenon are
not difficult to discover. Good
theater is the result of an active,
cyclical process, depending for its
success upon the maintenance of
a finely working inter-relationship
between the creative and respon-
ive forces.
When draina proves continually
dissatisfying to an audience, the
people, refusing to repeat their
subjection to boredom or disgust,
do not support further perform-
ances.
Lack of support results in a
financial drain 6n the acting group
which, in turn, forces dramatic
standards to be lowered still fur-
ther. The checken and the egg
develop simultaneously.
This conclusion is a valid one; it
forces responsibility for the effec-
tiveness and inertia of Ann Arbor
theater to be divided equally be-
tween producers and consumers.
Claims that student apathy, ig-
norance, and disinterest create an
essentially infertile field where no
drama, however energetic, may
survive are partially true.
"Name"' plays-often worthless
ones-draw the only substantial
crowds, while more worthwhile1
productions are performed before
rows of vacant seats. Elvis Presley
and Yul Brynner seem to offer
entertainment that is more appeal-
ing to the average undergraduate
than anything the stage can pro-
vide.
* * *
..THE FAULT, however, is not
entirely due to the weakminded-
ness of overgrown adolescents.
Plenty of sensible people around
town would be perfectly willing
to support plays tht were reason-
ably well chosen, well acted, and
well produced. Unfortunately, they
are not offered the opportunity.
Works picked for box office
appeal alone are often poorly writ-
ten and -usually unsuited to the
talents available. The few good
plays that manage to reach actual
presentation level are either,
watered-down or over-esoteric in
their appeal.
Poor business management and
sparse technical resources do not
make for ready financial success
even when attendance is high. ,
* * *
THE SITUATION can get very
little worse; it can, on the other
hand, get infinitely better. Educa-
tion brings with it several rather
binding commitments,' and it
seems possible that a responsibility
to what may be called the arts is
one of them.
A small bit of discrimination on
the part of both audience and
producer would do a great deal to
improve the general tone of the
theater that still exists, and pos-
sibly pave the way for a minor
renaissance of local drama.

MUSIC OUTLOOK:
Ann A rbo

Festive

By DAVID KESSEL
MUSICALLY speaking, Ann
bor offers its students A
townspeople a vast array of i
terial encompassing a wide rai
of compositions of all possi
classifications.
During the year, the progra
brought to and originating in A
Arbor compare in kind i not
degree with the offerings to 1
musical appetites of New York a
Boston.
Thus the reasonably open-min
ed individual can accumulate
considerable amount of musi
experience between football gai
and coffee dates.
For the would-be diletante p
educated in things musical, I
music school offers an assortml
of courses in the so-called lite
ture of music which are guarant4
to keep the student Ina perpeti
whirl of recapitulations and
velopments duringĀ° a semneter
so of musical brainwashing, af
which the successful pupil c
astound members of the neal
audience by exclaiming loud
"Aha! There's the. reentrance
the second sub-theme!"
. . !
FOR THIS is the age of musi
awareness. In every modern ho
there sits a phonograph surrout
ed by tattered recordings. Mus
appreciation courses are offered
leading magazines. One typ
advertisenent shows a wide-e3
girl seated next to her astonis
escort at a symphony,
"That's Brahms' Fourth hey
playing," she tells him, and h
self: (Last month I didn't kn
Beethoven' from Cole Porter)."
This sudden desire of vast qua
tities of people to "learn musi
has been accompanied by immer
upheavals nationally, and prop
tionately appropriate upheavals
cally.
On the national scene, the pr
ducers of phonographs and
cordings are working at top'spei
Orchestras and Opera compan
are playing to ever-larger aid
ences. And even here in Ann Ar
sheltered by hedges and trees frc
the cold winds, there has come
change.
DURING the year, an aAso
ment of concerts at Hill Awt
torium present the world's g
orchestras to capacity audien
In the spring, the May. Festi
brings the Philadelphia Orchest
here for a four day musical mar
thon of national fame.
Every noted musician of the ce
tury has appeared at Hill Au
torium: Rachmaninoff pljyed I
piano concertos there, Frederi
Stock and the old ChicagoASyi
phony Orchestra played at' t
Festivals for thirty years, Stoko
ski and the Philadelphia pe
formed.
Practically every major cho
work has been heard in Hill Auc
torium at least once.
* * *
BUT DURING the years, a sub
change has transpired so that
now hear Mantovani along iw
Ormandy and Munch. And at t
May Festival, the loudest applat
is given not to Verdi or Beethov
or Debussy, but to the "Victo
March."
Still the overall picture remain
unclouded. Within recent memo
orchestral performances 'at ,1
have been generally excellent a
occasionally superlative. In ti
latter category belong The N
York Philharmonic's Shostakovit
Tenth, The Boston Symphon
Daphnis & Chloe, Choral U3io1i
Carmina Burana of Orff, The B
11 n Philharmonic's Beethovei
Seventh, to mention a few.
In the more informal catego
the De Paur performance of Virt

Thompson's "Four Saints in Thr
Acts" was notable, along with son
of the antics of the Boston Pops.
* * *
FOR SOME reason, the perfort
ances of the Stanley Quartet
lush Rackham Auditorium ha
always attracted a particular
elegant audience. This is the hea
of the Ann Arbor seekers-afte
serious-music and it is difficult

i

LITTLE MAN ON CAMPUS by Dick BibId .
- ../
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