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December 11, 1957 - Image 6

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1957-12-11

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Traffic Engineer Claims
Surprises Prove Perilous

Michigan Men Enter Northland
In Attempt To Bag Big Game

"It is the surprises of the high-
way that are perilous," Bruce D.
Greenshields,- traffic engineer in
the College of Engineering's Trans-
portation Institute, has found.
Greenshields heads a study of
automobile accidents and their
relation to road { conditions in
Washtenaw County. The purpose
of the study is to find the under-
lying causes of traffic accidents.
The results will be published
shortly and "it is hoped that they
will eventually be the basis for
measures that can be applied to
other communities, states and the
nation, Greenshields said.
In the early part of the project,

-Pnoto Courtesy university News Service
recent development of the Engineer-
is device to transmit battle '-lines,
tuations by standard teletype ma-
iengineer at ERI and inventor of
wr a military commander to quickly
combines a standard teletype ma-
board which enables the sender to
numbers for transmission. At 'the'
converted back to segments and
tute Develops
ire Transmitter

s built-un-
sect Michi-
earch pro-
illance for
s, consists
ds and itefe-

by teletype machines at onther
headquarters, it is automatically
converted into the proper line
segment on cellophane sheets over
maps of the sector involved.
The sending operator now
moves on to the next segment un-
til the entire battle line with all
its twists and turns, is drawn, on
the receiving cellophane overlays.
John Brown, ERI associate re-
search engineer, who developed
the device, reports that' because
only the lines themselves are sent,
much less time is required than
would be if the entire map were
transmitted by facsimile machines
as those used to send photographs
by wire.
An irregular battle line on a
12 by 18 inch map, for example,
can be sent in three to seven min-
utes, while at least 20 minutes
would be required to send the en-
.tire map by facsimile machine,'

Merits ystem
Support Asked
By Educator
Professor Howard R. Jones, of
the education school, said that the
merit system, considered as a mo-
tivating factor in good teaching,
must be supported by seven basic
conditions before it will work.
They are:
1. A basic salary schedule must
be available to all teachers who
continue in service which is at a
professional level and which takes
into consideration tdoay's cost of
2. The instructional staff must
be willing to formulate the poli-
cies to initiate a merit rating plan
on an experimental basis.:
3. The procedure and the fac-
for of compentency which are to
be appraised must be clearly stat-
ed and understood by all parties.
Equal Opportunity
4. All must have the opportunity
to qualify for higher salaries with
no percentage increase which
holds the higher salaries to a lim-
ited number of the teaching force.
5. The focus must be kept on
the education of the young people
and children enlarging the school
system by an in-service growth
plan. The merit rating for sal-
aries must be a part of this larger
llan for instructional improve-,
6. More time must be spent by
the administtators in working
with teachers to improve the cur-
riculum and to determine ways of
appraising the instruction out-
7. In order to determine the sys-
tem's effectiveness and the. at-
titudes of it engenders a provision
for periodic appraisal must be set
Professor Comments

research engineers studied over
4,000 accident reports dating back'
to 1954. Data from them was plot-
ted on large maps of the county.,
Questionnaires sent to those in-
yolved in the accidents gave a
great rdeal df information about
driver attitudes before accidents
and his reaction to "danger sig-
The replies showed that "there
are many links in the chain of
events leading up to an accident."
Greenshields commented "by gain-
ing a better understanding of any
one of them, we may be able. in
some way to warn the driver of
danger or even remove the poten-
tial cause." He added that eyery
driver should be aware of the
greatly incr ased danger of driv-
ing under conditions such as
fatigue or worry.
Who's to Blame
Since about 55 per cent of the
drivers involved found the high-
way hazardous, Greenshields asked,
~"who is to blame if a mishap
occurs-the inattentive driver or
the surprjsing road?"
Believing that much of the
blame was in the roads themselves,
Greenshields has photographed
roads from airplanes and automo-
biles to find the amount of traffic
on a highway, itsN~ate of move-
ment, and the general conditions
of the highway.
To aid in this phase of the
study, a special camera, capable
of recording such information as
the date and place of the photo-
graph, and the speed of an auto-
mobile or airplane or the height
of the plane, has been developed.
Record Features.
"As soon as critical stretches of
highway areidentified," Green-
shields said, "we survey and
photograph them to record those
physical features which may in-
fluence driver patterns and be
conducive to accident situations."
Greenshields, former chief of
the Highway System's Branch
Office of the Chief of Transporta-
tion,' Department of the Army,
and originator of the photographic
method of traffic analysis, says the
urban, ural and suburban roads
in Washtenaw County are an
'ideal laboratory because they
represent most of the typical road
State Plans
Ferries' Fate

The "call of the Wild" appar-
ently was not strong enough to
lure more than a handful of Mich-
igan men from the comforts of
home and holiday meals to tromp
through the cold northland in
search of deer.
Of those who did go, only a few
were successful in their efforts.
On&e adventurer reported seeing
"53 deer, moving so fasf that all
I could see were tails and horns."
Recalling even Worse luck,'Walter
Ickes, '59E, smiled "I didn't even
see a deer!"
Eat Rabbit Stew
Marvin Halpern, '58, Fred
Charm, '59BAd., and Steve Bloom,
'60, reported eating rabbit stew
as they tried unsuccessfully to bag
a new hatrack.
A member of a more rewarding
expedition, Terrence Parks, '60,
claimed a six-point buck, William
Smink, '58Ed, an eight-pointer
and Calvin Will,' '58BAd., a four-'
pointer. Alan Rothenberg, '60, and
Richard Weiss, Spec., plan to have
their four and five point~ bucks
stuffed for their fraternity house,
Sigma Alpha Mu.
Ina Sigma Chi party, John Lid-
dicoat, '60, David Stickney, '58,
and Scott Chrysler, '59BAd., each

got a deer near Escanaba. Robert
Swaney, '60, Edwin- Levis, '59M,
and James Park, '59, are still hav-
ing a friepdly dispute over the
possession of a six-pointed taken
near Alpena.
Bags Doe
Charles Proudfit, '59, shot a doe
in the Upper Peninsula during the
special doe season. Ronald Sandi-
land, '58 A&D,'reported the only
bear sighted by University stu-
dents, a 450-pounder.
Doing it the hard way, Michael;
Baidy, '58, collided with a 10-point
buck en route back to campus on
the Indiana turnpike.
Labor Debate
Set for Dorms
A residence hall debate contest
to begin in a few days was, An-
nounced by Carl V. Page, '60E,
Inter-House Council scholarship
Page said that the first topic
to be debated will. be "Resolved:
That membership in a labor union
shall not be a necessary require-
ment for employment."

Phone NO 8-6779


Take time to'select a
beautiful piece of
4 Georg Jensen silver
for those who mean most.




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University faculty mem-
ave been recently notified
hey are recipients of the
Fellow in The- NEw York
ay of Sciences.
new Fellows include Prof.
L. Baker, Dr. Sibley W.'
r and Dr. Franklin D. John-
Ril of the medical school.
)ugald E. S. Browii, chair-
f the zoology department,
o accorded the honor.
tion to fellowship in the
y is a signal, distinguished
conferred upon a limited
r of members, who, in $he
ion of the Council, have
itstanding work toward the
ement, of science," the
ny said in conferring the"
election was held at the
ny'd annual meeting in New
ity on Dec. 5.

Brown added.
"The equipmnent which could also
be used to trace fronts on weath-
er maps, outline atomic. fall-out
areas,'or keep track of aircraft in
flight has been built and tested
at the Institute's Willow Run Lab-
oratories, Brown noted, and the
military services have authorized
reports about it.
Rocket Talk
Prof. Leslie M. Jones, of the En-
gineering Research Institute and
project supervisor of the high al-
titude laboratory, will address Sig-
ma Xi at 8 p.m. today in the Rack-
ham Amphitheatre on the sub-
ject of Rockets and Satellites in
the International Geophysical
Prof. Jones will discuss some of,,
the scientific experiments to be
carried out in the United States
and other countries. A short sound
color film on rocket operations in,
the Arctic will be shown.
The public is invited and re-
freshments will be served.

(Continued from Page 4)
eron. Topic: Inscriptions in Persia. Fac-
uity and interested graduate student*
are invited.
401 Interdisciplinary Seminar on the
Application of Mathematics to Social
Science, Room 3217, Angell Hall, Thurs.,
Dec., 12. Bert Green, Massachusetts In-
stitute of Technology, Lincoln Labora-
tory, "The Use of Digital Computers
by Psychologists."
Doctoral Examination for Warne Con-
well Holcombe, English Language &
Liter ture; thesis: "The Novels of Leon-
ard Merrick," Wed., Dec. 11, East Coun-
cil Room, Rackham Bldg., at 7:30 p.m.
Chairman, J. L. Davis.
The following foreign visitors will be
on the campus this week on the dates
indicated. Program arrangements are
being made by the International Cen-
ter: Mi-s. Miller.
Msgr. Alfredo Silva Santiago, Arch-
bishop of, Concepcion and Rector of
the Catholic Univ., Santiago, Chile, Dec.
Msgr. Silva is accompanied by his as-
sociate, Senator Luis F. Letelier Icaza,
and an escort-interpreter, Mr. Orzio
Program arrangements are being made
for the following foreign visitors by the
School of Education: Prof. Ralph 'C.
W enrich.
Ir Soeroto Mangoensoemarto, Inspec-
tor General, Technical Education, Indo-
nesia, Dec. 11.
Ir Hadis Soemantori, Director. Indo-
nesian Technical Teacher Training In-
stitution, Indonesia, Dec. 11.
Placement Notices
The following schools have listed
teaching vacancies with the Bureau of
Apointments for Feb. 1958. They will
'not be here to interview at this time.
Highland Park, Michigan - Instru-
mental Music (emphasis on piano, and
Hockessin, Delaware (Sanford Prep.
School) - Mathematics.
Holly, Michigan - Elementary (1st
grade); Chemistry; Physics; Advanced
Manistee, Michigan - Girl's Physical
Education; English/French.
Medina, Ohio - Girl's Physical Edu-
Napoleon, Michigan - Boy's Physical

Vassar, Michigan -- Chemistry/Phys-
Wenatchee, Washington (District No.
146) - Special Education (Speech Ther-
For any additional information con-
tact the Bureau of Appointments, 35~8
Administration Building, NO 3-1511,
Ext. 489. "
Personnel Requests:
U.S. Civil Service, Bureau of Recla-
mnation announces opportunities for
Civil Engrs. as Student Trainees GS-4,
and for men in other Engrg. programs
for positions from GS'-5-9.
U.S. Civil Service announces exami-
nations for College Student Work Study
Program for Scientific and Technical
Personnel. Open to students in Acctg.,
Agriculture, Science, Arch., Cartography
and Forestry.
The next New York Civil Service exam
for professional careers will be held in
Feb. 1958, with applications due in
Jan. 1958.
Vacation Visits to Companies:
Joseph Horne & Co., Pittsburgh, Pa.,
announces a Retailing Career Forum
for college juniors and seniors who will
be* in the Pittsburgh area during.
Christmas vacation. The Forum will be
held on Fri., Dec. 27, and students in-
terested are asked to call; for reserva-
tions by Thurs., Dec. 26 or to stop into
the Bureau of Appointments for furth-
er information before leaving for Pitts-
For further information contact the
Bureau of Appointments, 3528 Admin.
Bldg., ext. 3371.
Summer Placement:
A representative from Camp Sea-Gull,
Chaarlevoix, Mich. will be at the Sum-
mer Placement. Meeting, Thurs., Dec.
12, from 1-5, to interview for counselors.
..A Kalamazoo County Girl Scout
Council representative will be at the
Summer Placement Meeting on Tues.,
Dec. 17 from 1-5, to interview for a
Camp Dir., a Maintenance Man, Nurse,
Waterfront Dir. and various unit lead-
erg and counselors.
For further information call Mr.
Ward Peterson at Ext. 3371 or go to
the Summer Placement Office, D-528
Student Activities Bldg., on Tues. and
Thurs., 1-5, or on Fri., 8:30-12.

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Professor Jones commented,
"Some people believe merit rating
will serve as a motivating factor
for many teachers, causing them
to strive to improve their teach-
ing." He then added that "The
public, .looking for the reassurance
that higher salaries for teachers
will mean increased teaching
quality, would be induced to sup-
port the school system more fi-
nancially if it were adopted."
The drawback to the proposal
of merit rating for teachers is that
teaching is a complex art and it
is difficult to obtain objective
teacher ratings. Many of the im-
portant results of teaching show
only years after the children have
had a teacher, in their lives and
in their conduct as citizens.
Prof. Jones said he felt that the
rating system may weaken a good
teacher supervisor relation, for if
the teacher feels that his actions
are graded by the supervisor or
administrator, he may be on his
guard in their presence in order
to increase his salary.

'What will become of the five
State Ferries replaced by the
Mackinac Straits Bridge is a prob-
lem now being considered by John
C. Mackie, Michigan State High-
way Commissioner.
MVackie has ordered "immediate
steps" be' taken to advertise the
fleet for bids and to dispose of the
Michigan has invested some $6,-
600,000 in the ferries and is spend-
ing $15,000 per month maintaining
Further consideration is being
given to the sale of dock facilities
at Mackinaw City and St. Ignace,
which cost the state $4,600,000.

Subscribe to

The Michigan Dai

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Price $1.5



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Bus to WILLOW RUN will leave every hour
RsItDAY, DEC. 20-1 :00thru u6:00ur
Stops at Union ... Alice Lloyd;.. Engine Arch
.Hill and Washtenaw
Tickets on sole... TUESDAY -MICHIGAN UNION

in the Oil Industry.
Interviewing teams from Humble Oil & Refining
Company will be on the campus December 12 and 13 to
interview students graduating in the following fields:
Engineering at all degree levels, and physics
and chemistry (advanced degree levels only).
Engineers and scientists at Humble share in the
dynamic progress and growth of a leader in the petroleum
industry. Humble is the leading producer of crude oil in
the United States. Its Baytown Refinery is one of the
largest in the' world. Research centers in Houston, for
development of better methods of exploration and produc-
tion, and at Baytown for research in refining, are making
valuable contributions to the petroleum industry.


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Texas and New Mexico. Leading
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Operates crude ail and products
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7 .

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