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November 20, 1957 - Image 1

Resource type:
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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1957-11-20

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GOVERNOR IS KEY
)EDUCATION ACTION
See page 4

IY .

Sixty-Sevin Years of Editorial Freedom

~ait4gP

SNOW FLURIES

N.. 55

ANN ARBOR. MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 20, 1957

FIVE CENTS

EIGHT

S q. p

MlI IIIIAOI IIr

trictions
w Rocket

Landlady Rents 250 Rooms;

Development
Ex-Research Boss
Asks Less Secrecy
WASHINGTON (I)-House in-
vestgators were told yesterday the
I Statesamight be develop-
igmssiles, faster if exchange of
information were not kept under
suche bhavy restrictions.
-The opinion was offered by.
Dr. Clifford C. Furnas, former as-
sistant secretary of defense for re-
search and development, to a
house subcommittee investigating
I ercy in government.
murnas said he thinks better
systems o?" trading information
namong development teams in the
various services could be devised,
especially if more - freedom were
allowed in .talking about projects
in their early stages.
Criticizes Mule
I{e criticized the rigid applica-
i tion of the "lneed to know"~ rule,
under which two scientists work-
ing on different projects couldn't
talk shop about either unless they
could demonstrate a need to
know-.
Pressed for specific examples,
Furnas,, who resigned in Febru-
ary after more than a year in the
° Pentagon, said he recalled there
were always delays in informa-
tion-swApping briefings in the
program to develop missiles to
fight -nemy missiles. Two or three-
months would pass without a
comprehensive briefing, he said.
i Year Between Briefs,
In guided missiles generally, he
the interval between brief-
ings stretched *ut to a year -
hardly often enough, he com-
mented to exchange data in the
planning stage.'
The Air Force and Army, work-
s lng separately on intermediate-
range ballistic missiles, had no
interservice briefings while he was
at the Pentagon, he said.
Furnas said also the\ system for
clearing scientists and other em-
ployes on loyalty grounds is cum-
bersome and that much Pentagon
information gets too high a se.
crecy label because of the human
fear of getting into trouble by not
being secure enough.
The former research chief said
also it would be advantageous to
spend money for translating a
"great backlog of Russian scien-
tifie and technical journals"
which he said he understands has
accumulated.
.US France
Will Discuss
Arms Dispute
- W A S HI N G T O N () - The
United States and France agreed
yesterday to try to work out a
common policy with Britain and
' %Tunisia governing future deliver-
ies of arms to Tunisia.
Secretary of State John Foster
Dulles and French Foreign M-
, ister Christian Pineau failed to
resolve the angry dispute, which
has split the Atlantic Alliance, in
- a three-hour meeting at the State
Department.
Bue Pineau said they had de-
cided "to seek a procedure" which
would avoid the danger of guns
} and ammunition delivered to Tu-
nisia falling into the hands of
.,'rebels fighting the French in
* neighboring Algeria.
A State Department spokesman
then reported that the United
States within the next few days
will be in touch with Britain,
France and Tunisia to "work out
an approach to arms deliveries in

the future."
The United States and Britain
sent Tunisian President Habib
Bourguiba 920 guns and more
than 50,000 rounds of ammunition
last week in the face of strong
French protests.. Diplomatic in-
formants said that no further
shipments are planned immedi-.

(EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the see-
end in a series of six articles based on
interviews with Ann Arbor's land-
lords and landladies.)
BY' THOMAS TURNER
"How did I get started as a
landlady?
;'I Just bought one house, then
another, then another," says Mrs.'
Rosa Lueck, who owns more than
250 'Ann Arbor apartments and is
reputed to be a millionaire.
Mrs. Lueck isa short woman,t
born 82 years ago, in Saxony. She
is a legend in her own time, hav-
ing begun 50 years ago, other
landlords claim, as a scrubwoman.
Half Rented
She lives with her son in one
half of a little brick house at 225
Thayer, inthe shadow of Hill
Auditorium. The other apartment
is rented out. Turning the heavy
brass doorknob and entering the
low-ceilinged front parlor, one en-
counters Mrs. Lueck in a black
print dress and a maroon cardi-
gan sweater.
The room is filled with dark
walnut furniture. On the wall a
cuckoo clock ticks loudly. The
ship's clock on the pump-organ
is not running.
"It's not easy to be a landlord,"
Mrs. Lueck began. "We've got lots
of -proble gs.
"I began as a landlord when
my husband fell off the lumber-
pile and it was necessary for me
to support the family," Mrs.
Lueck explained. "We've done
pretty good at it."
Family Moved
The Lueck family, she relates,
moved to Ann Arbor when the son
was ready to enter the University.
"We sold some houses we had
up North," she continued, "and
invested the capital in houses
here. I put my son through
school."
This, as nearly as she can re-
call, was in 1925.
World News
Roundup
By The Associated Press
TOKYO - William Girard, the
Illinois soldier %onvicted and given
a suspended sentence by a Japa-
nese court in the famous shell-
picking shooting, has a good
chance today of being home for
Christmas after 10 months on the
hot seat of an international con-
troversy.
When the 22-year-old GI will be
able to leave Japan will not be
definite until after Dec. 3-the ex-
piration date for appeals.
PARIS - France's Parliament,
rallied by the nation's hurt pride
over United States-British arms
shipments to Tunisia, gave Pre-
mier Felix Gaillard a resounding
vote of confidence yesterday.
The vote was 256-182. It gave
the austerity-minded young lead-
er special powers to lay down the
economic law as he sees fit. It
means higher taxes for French-
men.
* * -
LITTLE ROCK, Ark. - T h e
Army made, it official yesterday
and said that the 225 paratroopers
still on duty in the integration
controversy here would be sent
back to Ft. Campbell, Ky., Nov.
27.
At Shreveport, La., Gov. Orval
Faubus, a principal figure in the
dispute over troop-supervised at-
tendance of nine Negro students
at Little Rock Central High
School, ceclared that the fed-
eralized National Guard should
be released first.

-Daily-Harold Gassenheimer
ROSA LUECK-An Ann Arbor landlady, reputed to be a million-
aire, began renting rooms by just buying one house after another.

"When my business got too big
to walk from one place to the
other," Mrs. Lueck relates with a
srpile, "I bought a car. It was an
old Ford with a crank on 'the
front."
Since 1925, Mrs. Lueck says she.
has had "thousands of tenants.
They're mostly students, who
come and go, and I never even,
learn their names. When they
come here to pay the rent, I usu-
ally have to ask them where they
live.'
Rent Mailed
"Of course, after the first time
the students usually mail in their
rent anyway. I'd rather I could
get to know them better.
"We've had some good people
too," she goes on, "people we've
had for 20 or 25 years. You can
get to know some of these people."
What are some of the problems
landlords have? Mrs. Lueck begins
with tenants who don't pay their
rent.
"Sometimes they leave with lots
of damage, and owing a month's
rent, sometimes two.
"And there's wear and tear on
the furniture," Mrs. Lueck con-
tinues gravely. "We've got more
than half our apartments Yfur-
nished. That's 150 furnished
apartments.
"Sometimes," the little woman
SGC To Hear
Campus Chest
Report Today
The Campus Chest Board will
make a final report to Student
Government Council at 7:30 p.m.
today in the Student Activities
Building according to Executive
Vice-President Janet Neary, '58.
At the same meeting, the SGC
Housing Policy Committee will
probably make a recommendation
concerning the University Housing
Committee.
The Council will probably also
consider a motion made at the last
meeting by Miss Neary, concerning
the- dropping of the Free Univer-
sity of Berlin program.
Miss Neary's motion calls also
for exploration of other programs
in which SGC might be interested.

goes on, "it costs five, 10 thousand
dollars to remodel an old house!
to make it. conforn to the code
like a new building.
Wiring New
"We have to tear up the walls
and the floors to put in new wir-
ing. All landlords nave these prob-
lems with older buildings.' Modern
apartment buildings 20 years old
need rewiring. That's an awful
slap for landlords.
"We never had a lire due to
wiring in all these years, just
some due to cigarettes.
"In the 'old days," she recalls,
"there wasn't any housing code."
In answer to the question of
what other changes have occurred
since 1925, Mrs. Lueck smiles
See LANDLADY'S, Page 3
.Red Scientists
Want Contact
With West
"The most important fissure
which has occurred in Soviet
society is the longing of Russian
scientists for contact with their
Western colleagues." ,
Prof. Arthur J. Lohwater of the
mathematics department called
upon the University last night to
exert leadership in bringing Soviet
scientists and academicians to this
country to visit and work. .
In the second program dealing
with Russia and sponsored by the
Committee for ,Russian Studies,
Prof. Henry J. Gomberg, assistant
director of the Michigan Memorial
Phoenix Project, remarked that
the Russians have shown excellent
ability in the' fields in whicli they
choose to work. They have exten-
sive budgets for research work, he
said, and since their economy can-
not support their military, scien-
tific and consumer programs on
the same level, the Russians sacri-
ficed their consumer economy.
' Prof. Orren C. Mohler of the
astronomy department said that
although the Russians have more
observatories and more astron-
omers than does the United States,
they are still limited in their work
by the comparatively small size of
their telescopes.

UN Admits
14 Nations
In Assembly
Disarmament Group
Receives Addition
W
UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. OP)-
The United Nations late yesterday
added 14 nations-to its Disarma-
mentdCommission in what appear-
ed to be a futile move to head off
a breakdown in East-West negoti-
ations.
The action took place in the 82-
nation General Assembly, which
also rejected terms laid down by
the Soviet Unionnfor its future
participation in United Nations
disarmament negotiations.
By a vote of 19 in favor and 38
against the Assembly turned down
#n Albanian proposal to enlarge
the .commission to 32 nations. The
Soviet Union declared that only on
this basis would it consider taking
part in additional meetings of the
commission.
Then the Assembly voted 46
against and only 9 in favor of the
Soviet' proposal to make an 82-
nation "little Assembly" 'out of
the Disarmament Commission.
In the final vote of the day the
Assembly approved by a vote of
60-9 the proposal to add 14 na-
tions to the commission, making it
a 25-nation body.
Group Cites
Urban-Rural
Political Ideas
By DAVID TARR
Urban-type politics will probably
dominate Arab politics in the fu-
ture, Prof. George L. Grassmuck
of the political science department
said' yesterday.
In a panel discussion on "Urban-
Rural Patterns in the Politics of
Japan, West Africa and the Arab
States," he said political change in
the latter area occurs in cities but
seldom by ballot box methods.
He said urban-type politics in-
clude military action, street mobs,
palace revolutions and similar oc-
currences and outside influences.
Rural Politics Ouimoded
He noted politics dominated by
rural areas are being rapidly out-
moded in that area of the world.
Prof. Henry L. Bretton of the
political science department out-
lined factors influencing politics
in Africa.
They include efforts of countries
to gain freedom from colonial
powers, tribal cohesion, religion,
foreign orientation of many lead-
ers, rapidly growing cities, detri-
balization and a sudden introduc-
tion of a cash economy.
Citing Ghana as an example, he
said cities are the center of pro-
gressive nationalism whereas rural
areas are still in the grip of tribal
traditionalist forces. "Strangely,
these latter forces are led not only
by traditional leaders but also by
progressive intellectuals from
cities."
Difficult To Accept
"It would be very difficult to
accept patterns or to attach per-
manent value to any patterns of
politics that could be discovered
because of powerful under-current
and cross-currents which still need
to be defined," Prof. Bretton added.
Discussing Japan, Prof. Robert
E. Ward of the political science
department noted the extreme im-
portance of cities as a stimulus for

change. He also said findings on
urban-rural relationships in Ja-
pan might be used to suggest
similar relationships in other
Asian countries.
.Rural Vote ,Higher
He said the voting rate is "much
higher" in the countryside, but
noted that informal methods of
participating in politics, such as
pressure and special interest
groups, are almost non-existent
there.
In the city pressure groups are
developing more and more, he
observed.
Announcement,
Date Extended.

Dulles Outlines Plai
For Reinforcing NAT
With Atomic We apo

ity.
Can Use Sunday
Others like to use the Sunday
period after registration if it were
held at the end of the week to
organize sections.
The first alternative plan calls
for Orientation to begin Monday,
September 15, with registration
Wednesday through Saturday,
classes beginning the following
Monday.
In the first semester of this
program, finals would be held
from Monday, Jan. 19 to Thurs-
day, Jan. 29, with registration
for the following semester begin-
ning Jan. 28 and concluding Jan.
31. Examination period would end
June 4 and commencement would
be June 13.
Under the second alternative,
the First semester program would
be the same, but registration for
the following semester would not
begin until Thursday, Feb. 5, as
opposed to Monday, Feb. 2 under
the first alternative.
Terminate June 9
The examination period would
terminate June 9, and commence-
ment would again be held June 13.
Edward Groesbeck, University
Registrar, would like to have the
decision made on the calendar
change as soon as possible, Wilcox
said, so that he can have it
printed in the new University bul-
letins.
Any decision of the Calendar
committee would have to be ap-
proved by University President
Harlan Hatcher and the Deans
Committee.
The committee was set up last
year' by Vice-President for Stu-
dent Affairs James A. Lewis at
the request of Student 'Govern-
ment Council.
Design Long Term Calendar
It was designed to work up a
whole new calendar for a long-
term basis.I
However, the committee has so
far primarily /devoted itself to
"Fire Brigade" work, Wilcox said.
It dropped the Friday and Sat-
urday period of classes after
Christmas vacation early this fall.
Members of the committee lok-
ing into registration date alter-.
natives are Wilcox, Prof. Paul
Dwyer of the mathematics depart-
ment, and James Shortt of the
University Relations office.

ORIENTA TION PROGRAM:
Alternative Dates
Under Discussion
By RICHARD TAUB
The University Calendar Committee may decide today on al-
ternative dates for the University orientation and registration pro-
grams next year, according to Leonard Wilcox, '58L, a student member
of the committee.
A sub-committee was set up to list several possible proposals for
changes of this time, because of complaints by some departments
and administrative officers.
Many disliked holding registration at the beginning of
a week,' with classes starting Thursday,' Friday and Saturday,
b e c a u s e of a lack of continu-

Enrollment
In Sciences
'To Increase"
By MICHAEL KRAFT
A proportionally larger number
of graduate students will be in the
field of physical sciences, Graduate
School Dean Ralph A. Sawyer pre-
dicted yesterday.
Referring to Wednesday night's
. discussion with state officials and
legislators on Russia's recent
achievements, the member of the
University's Science Advisory Com-
mittee said the need for more
American scientists will be re-
flected in a, greater number of
degree candidates in those crucial
areas.
However, Graduate School will
continue to increase "in all depart-
ments," Dean Sawyer said. He add-
ed that the present enrollment of
about 5.,300 students should in-
crease 50 per cent by 1965.
Depends on Support
"Of course this depends upon
legislative support," he pointed
out. Additional scientific and engi-
neering facilities would be provided
by three new buildings the Uni-
versity is hoping to beginthis year.
"The important thing is enabling
students to continue towards earn-
ing a PhD so they can teach or be
in a position to contribute more
thorough research," he said.
Additional fellowships, such as
the proposed increase in grants by
the National Science Foundation
and the Ford Foundation would
increase production of PhD's by
allowing students to concentrate
on earning degrees instead, of
money, Dean Sawyer said.
Russia Outproducing Us
"Russia is outproducing us in
sheer numbers of engineers and
scientists through a program of
intensive education that began
twenty years ago.
He pointed out that the curve in
expansion of Russian facilities .is
flattening out and by increasing
graduate programs throughout the
United States, the gap can be
bridged.

Presentatiol]
To Be Made
Next Month
Will Aid Members
If Necessity Arises
WASHINGTON (P)-Secre
of State John Foster Dulles
terdgy unfolded an American i
for strengthening the Atla
Alliance by creating a Europ
network of rocket bascs with st
piles of atomic warheads.
This concept emerged at
Dulles',news conference as a
proposal which he and Presic
Dwight D. Eisenhower will lay
fore the Dec. 16 meeting at Pa
of the North Atlantic Tr
he ads of government.
Sec. Dulles told his news con
ence he and President Eisenho
would try at Paris also to reinf4
the Allies' confidence that Am
ca would fight if necessary
only if necessary.
Commitment Strong
The secretary said Amenr
NATO commitment to treat
attack on one NATO membe
an attack on all "is as strong
it could be made."
But he said the Allies are
cerned on two counts-that Am
ca might be trigger-happy
conversely, might fail to retal
against any\Soviet attack in
rope not directly involving Un
Stats troops there.
He ruled out giving any vet
Allied nations' on United St
policy, but he said a way mus
found to convince them Ame
would use nuclear weapons
necessary but would not m1t
them.
Arrangements with Britain
In discussing his rocket-ate
bases proposal, Sec. Dulles k
prototype arangements of
kind-are already being made t
Brtain and Canada. He sai
similar t series of intermedii
range missile bases with ne
nuclear-warhead stockpiles, ce
be worked out with\ Egr:
countries in acontinental def
system against a potential ass
by Russia.
The first step-providing th
other NATO niations go along u
the idea next month-would b
Dulles said.
McElroy Se es
Prompt U.S.
I
Missile Deal
AUGUSTA, Ga. (A) - Secre
of Defense Neil McElroy said S
terday he is "extremely hope;
the. United States will meet
schedule a commitmeit to s
delivering 1,500-mile range r
siles to Britain by '1959.
The Cabinet officer also tol
news conference after a two-
meeting with President DJWgh'
Eisenhower that supplies of s
intermediate IRBM missiles
be going to other North Atla
Treaty 'nations - all within 1
miles of European Russia -e
er than had been expected.
Sec. McElroy did not say
Imuch earlier.
He did not specify, either,
how early in 1959 the Un
States expects to start turn
over intermediate missiles to
British.
Secretary of State John Fo
Dulles told a news confere
there that 1,500-mile missiles
be available iri operational 0u
tities by the end of 1958.

Sec. McElroy and the Per
gon's fiscal expert, Wilfred J. Z
'Neil, flew to Augusta from Wa
ington mainly to discuss the
fense spending budget for the
cal year startingq July, 1.

EDUCATION CONFERENCE:
Junior Colleges Evaluated,

By SUSAN HOLTZER
"The Community College and Its Relations with Four-Year Insti-
tutions" came under a critical examination by the University's 11th
annual Conference on Higher Education in its opening session yester-
day.
University President Harlan Hatcher opened the two-day con-
ference with an evaluation of the community colleges per. se, entitled
"How Are We to Think About Community Colleges."
Community Colleges May Help
President Hatcher called community colleges "one of several
answers to the problem of increasing enrollment in four-year institu-

During the panel discussion, en-
titled "Successes and Failures in
the Transfer of Students among
Michigan Institutions," Stanley A.
Ware, director of Alpena Com-
munity College, said the problem
of adjustment to a four-year col-
lege could be made easier by the
aid of counselorsfrom four-year
institutions at the freshman or
sophomore level Qf junior colleges.
Spindt spoke on "Specialization
and Liaison in California's Higher
Education," explaining how diffi-

POLLOCK CITES VIEWS:
Callis West Germany
Our Staunchest Ally
"West Germany is America's staunchest ally in the world today,
and should continue to be so for many years," Prof. James K. Pollock,
chairman of the political science department said last night.
Prof. Pollock, former advisor to General Clay in Germany,
emphasized the 'recent elections in explaining why this fact is so.I
He said, "these elections came at a critical time ininternational
affairs, and both Russia and the United States realized the' results
would mirror the feelings of the West German people toward them.
"Thus," he noted, "when the Social Democratic Party, the main
opposition 6 b Chancellor Adenauer's Christian Democrats, failed to
unseat him with a platform which+>
called for dealings with Russia in
an attempt to reunify Germany, it
indicated a strong vote of confi-

loR oons Open
)n SGC Wing
P.f farnin v. e- +'ra 'l frS. ill

tions," saying they might even-
tually carry part of the load.
_inin4 . -nIl ann. p ha-nt ~4... a

But he also saw two problems

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