'Townscape' Should Incorporate All Art
By DOUGLAS VIELMETTI
"Townscape," urban planner
Norbert Gorwic said yesterday, "is
the incorporation of the work of
the architect, designer, planner,
artist and sculptor in the shaping
of our physical environment."
"Townscaping must be the work
of the urban planner. He must
shape and integrate all of the
forms of visual art into a pattern
of emotion and function," de-
"Our towns and cities must
be more than the mechanical total
of many very individual struc-
tures. We must be able to see the
unity of the whole, united into
Maintenance of academic
standards and consideration for
the superior student is the sub-
ject of a new program outlined at
State College of Washington.
A product of a two-year study,
the program recommended that
greater emphasis be 'placed on a
limited number of degree require-
ments, and reducing the number
of duplicating and highly descrip-
tive courses offered-.
Consideration to effective use
of new instructional techniques
was also recommended.
The comittee itself was prompt-
ed by concern that the pressure
of numbers resulting from the an-
ticipated future expansion of en-
rollment would decrease the at-
tention given superior students
and would impair academic stand..
ards for all, according to Dr. S.
Town Stephenson, Dean of Fac-
Every effort should be made to
assist the superior student in liv-
ing up to his capabilities, the com-
Superior students should be ex-
cused from placement examina-
tions and fromh required elemen-
tary courses, thus permitting
them to take additional electives
or pursue special individual stu-
dies, according to the report.
In addition, consideration of
special class sections for superior
students and fewer exceptions for
inferior students; more emphasis
on demonstrated student perform-
ances in comprehensive area ex-
aminations and less "on the mere'
accumulation of credits per se,"
was recommended '
Provision of adequate scholar-
ships for outstanding undergrad-
uates and fellowships for excellent
graduate students was advised.
The committee also proposed
that adequate secretarial, techni-
cal and teaching assistant help be
provided as funds may be avail-
able. Administrative .functions
currently performed by commit-
tees should be reduced and the
work handed through administra-
tive channels, the committee ad-
something far more powerful and
holding greater physical appeal
than just the sum of the parts."
"No Man's Land"
But townscaping today is hard
to picture as a science or art in
itself. It occupies the "no man's
land" between the basic lay-out
and design work of the city plan-
ner and the building design work
of the architect. The planner must
gather statistics, solve zoning
problems and develop a master
plan of design.
But this master plan is not
enough; it is hardly a beginning.
Te various architects must de-
sign the structures.
"You can't produce a symphony
from a hundred different musi-
cians playing from a hundred dif-
ferent scores," explained the
townscaper. "And neither can you
produce a masterpiece of urban
design from the competing efforts
of many - different architects.
There must be rules of coordina-
tion and purpose if we are to
reach our goal of unity -of the
Gorwic's rules are these: first,
there must be total integration
of all forms of visual art. St.
Peter's Square in Rome assembles
buildings, sculpture, painting and
the square itself, all blended into
one beautiful masterpiece. Every-
thing, including nature, must
Second, there must be a deep
Bids are now being accepted by
the city for the construction of a
foundation for an;'elevatedwater
tank for North Campus.
The city is also asking bids on
equipment in connection with a
future water pumping station and
underground reservoir in the same
The circular concrete founda-
tion is to be used to hold a 500,-
00-gallon elevated tank. The
equipment requested includes
three centrifugal pumping units,
two pumping two million gallons
per day and one having a daily
capacity of four million gallons.
Contractors have already been
named for construction of the
pumping station and underground
reservoir themselves. All three
installations will be built on land
obtained by the city from the Uni-
There will be a general mem-
bership meeting of the NAACP at
8 p.m. Tuesday in Rm. 3511 of the
Student Activities Building, ac-
cording to Torre Bissell, '60, pub-
conviction that the group is more
important than the individual
building. The Champs-Elysees, in
Paris, considered by Gorwic to be
one of the most beautiful streets
in the world, has no dominant
buildings. But the blending and
consistancy of the architecture,
and the breathless picture of the
Arc of Triumph and the obelisk
at opposite ends give it un-
Third, it is necessary to know
and understand the past in build-
ing up the new. All of the old
must not be obliterated to make
way for the new. Again, it must
blend. St. Mark's Square took
1,000 years to complete. This is
the concept of building the mas-
terpiece. This is effective assimi-
lation of the old into the new.
Townscaper Gorwic put this
challenge to the studeits before
him in the Architecture Audi-
"You must not think of how I
can make my building better than
any other building, but how I can
best make my building fit into a
new urban composition."
Ann Arbor's United Fund Drive
has collected 90.3 per cent of its
$332,446 goal, according to Robert'
B. Kerschbaum, director of the
He reported that a total of
,$300,350 in pledges and contribu-
tions have been made to date.
United Fund officials hope that"
the drive will top at least 92.6 per
cent of the goal, Kirschbaum said.
Three divisions of the drive -
construction, utilities, and St. Jo-
seph Mercy Hospital -have ex-
ceeded their individual estimates,
Other divisions are still trying
to reach their goals, Kerschbaum
commented. Industrial employees
are within 1.3 per cent of their'
mark, and corporations have yet
to collect 20.8 per cerit ,of their
Public schools have already col-
lected 93A per cent of their esti-
-mate, he said.
Kirschbaum urg d all citizens
who have not made their pledges
to do so.
Prof. James B. Conant, ex-pre
ident of Harvard University ax
former ambassador to West- 0e
many, Thursday advocated tes
ing junior high school students
"learn what resources we have."
"It is important for the con
munity, state and nation to knc
the number of students we ha
who have ability and resources
Prof. Conant said.
He made the remarks during
tour of Ann Arbor High Scho
The inspection was part
Conant's two-year, nationwi
study of American high schoo:
which he explained was intend
to give him necessary backgrow
"to speak and write authorit
tively about the contribtitio
which these schools make to o
His suggestion, for testing
students came during a discussic
of President Dwight D. Eisenho
er's speech Wednesday nig
Conant called the speech "exce
lent, and ,a tough one to make
He said Eisenhower's proposal f
a stepped-up education progra
sounded like "a good idea," a
though he was not sure just wh
the President had in mind.
H o w e v e r, Conant warn+
against neglect of students outsi
the science and engineering field
including those who do not go
Conant's high school progra;
for above average students, as
explained it, would consist of fo
years of English, three or fo
years of social studies, three
four years of foreign language ar
a great deal of mathematics.
Disappointed in Schools
"I think just as we needl eng
neers and scientists, we ne
people whn have mastered sever
foreign languages," he said. I
mentioned that in Russia, ev(
with their highly specialize
school curriculum, graduates ha
taken five years of a foreign lat
"This is important in this c:
war because the Russians wl
represent their country in ,oth
nations always speak the languai
of that country fluently, whi
Americans seldom do," he e
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