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November 09, 1957 - Image 4

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Michigan Daily, 1957-11-09

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"Thanks A Lot, Fellows"

Sixty-Eighth Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
,hen Opinions Are Free UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
Truth Will Prevail" STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
URDAY, NOVEMBER 9, 1957 NIGHT EDITOR: THOMAS BLUES

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A
AT THE STATE:
Hunchback Features
High-Pitched Drama
THE FOURTH film adaptation of Victor Hugo's classic "The Hunch-
back of Notre Dame," now playing at the State Theatre, is indeed a
worthwhile production, thanks to the fine performance of Anthony
Quinn, as the tragic hunchback Quasimodo, and to above average
cinematography.
It is held from the category of excellent and memorable motion
pictures by several factors, the major one being the messy hair and
overly emphasized busom of Gina ("she sings, she dances, she enter-
tains the boys") Lollobrigida.
Quinn shows sensitive understanding of the deformed Quasimodt,
and he p'lays the role with a careful restraint which brings out lividly

IHC Shows Farsighted
Concern in Two Areas

'WO INTER-HOUSE COUNCIL projects, out-
lined yesterday by Drake Duane, MHC presi-
nt, stretch far beyond this year and reach
reral problems which are basic in the men's
ildence halls. '
The two projects are the planning of initial
ps' in seeking additional financial aid for
sidence halls and the consideration of men's
uses which would contain only freshmen or
ly upperclassmen.
The former idea has not been pursued thor-
ghly at the University and would be especially
eresting if financial aid were sought from
deral sources as well as the state legislature.
1e IMC would be introducing a subject valu-
le in attracting student interest as well Nas
portant in attempting to solve the problem
rising dormitory living costs.
Still, the basic purpose of this program could
ry well be lost in debate 'ad conjecture.
ie primary value of - studying residence hall
ancing is to save the student from rises
room and board rates. With the necessity for
ilding new dormitories on the present self-
udating basis, the raising of living costs
ems inevitable.

T HE SECOND PROGRAM also presents prob-
lems as it attempts to solve other problems.
Freshmen and upperclassmen living in-separate
residence houses would hinder- an important
purpose of University living-the sharing of
college backgrounds.
However, if the separate floors in the same
house were set aside for freshmen or upper-
men only, then there would still be opportunity
to exchange backgrounds.
Perhaps the most definite advantage to this
program would be more an academic emphasis
in the residence halls. Counseling and discus-
sion with other students of the same year level
in dormitories is a necessary supplement to
education in the classroom.
An objection to both projects is that they are
so extensive that few University students may
benefit from them this year or even in the
years which they will spend at the University.
Yet, this objection is also an important fea-
ture of these programs, for it is commendable
that a student organization is initiating pro-
grams which may not see reality in the next
few years.
-JAMES )OW

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Ike Didn't Go Far Enough

A BEEPING DOGHOUSE seems to have done
what the threat of all-out nuclear war, and
even previous evidence that the Russians indeed
possessed an ICBM, could not do. Sputnik II
has at least managed to bring American policy-
makers partially to the point of realizing the
immense dangprs of the present world scientific
situation.
Even now, the intensity of response seems
rather feeble compared to the magnitude of the
problem.
On the fortieth anniversary of the Bolshevik
revolution, the Russians had already sent up
two satellites, the latest weighing over a half-
ton and carrying a live and apparently healthy
dog. There is also the very real possibility, ex-
pressed by American scientists, that the Rus-
sians will soon-perhaps in the next.few weeks
--launch a rocket to the moon. Certainly, they
already have the technical capability to do so.
In accomplishing these feats of technology,
the Soviet Union has demonstrated clearly that
it possesses a scientific potential beyond our
greatest expectation of their strength. The
Russians admit to having a new,\super rocket
fuel and are evidently in possession of other
remarkable discoveries in the physical and bio-
logical sciences.
AT THE, SAME TIME, the United States is
-by comparison-in possession of a failure-
ridden missile program, several 20 pound
spheres ready for launtffing "some time next
March," and a president who has finally become
alarmed enough about the situation to take a
few more scientific advisors into the govern-
ment and give the nation a few pep talks while
displaying the nose cone of a United States
missile prominently on his desk.
The gap between American and Soviet science
is evident even in the President's pep talk. He
called attention to the facts that America has
fired an IRBM, or intermediate range ballistic
missile, 3500 miles in a recent experiment,
solved the problem of missile re-entry into the
atmosphere and= "fired three rockets to heights
of 2,000 and 4,000 miles."
The significance of these observations is that
they were made separately, not in one com-
pact, Sputnik-like package. There is a great
technical gap between being able to do all of

these things separately and being able to fire
a satellite 1,000 miles up, put it into an orbit,
and-possibly-bring a living occupant back to
earth safely. The gap between the United States
achievements and hitting the moon is even
greater. Thus, the importance of the President's
nosecone lies in the fact that it is sitting on
his desk, not carrying a dog-or a man-
through outer space.
As to the President's appointment of a special
advisor for science and-his statement that more
scientists would be brought into government,
it is undoubtedly a step in the right direction,
but only a small one. The President, himself,
seemed to be excusing the general insignificance
of adding a few, more priority adjusters to the
government when he said that, while in. a war
the Russians might do great damage, we still
had tremendous retaliatory power.
f[E WAS UNDOUBTEDLY RIGHT in saying
this, although we can't help but feel that
he understated the case. In the case of an all-
out war, both the United States and the Soviet
Union have the ability to completely destroy
each other. The point is that, short of an all-
out war, we are forced to compete with the
Russians to maintain the confidence of our
allies. If the United States wishes to remain
a first-rate power, it must compete with the
Russians on their terms-namely, it seems, in
scientific progress.
It is undoubtedly proper of the President
to be concerned about keeping up national
spirit. However, this does not seem to be a
case where "the only thing to fear is fear itself,"
and it would be even nicer if the President
would think of some workable ways to get
United States science back into a competitive
position.
Contrary to the President's implications,
United States science is lagging seriously behind
the Russians in many militarily important
areas, and a m6ve more drastic than the ap-
pointment of some new advisors is necessary if
we are to have any hope of regaining a com-
petitive balance.
Yet another of the administration's "agoniz-
ing reappraisals" is now called for.
--LEWIS COBURN

WASHINGTON MERRY-GO-ROUND:
Cultural Exchange Lags
By DREW PEARSON

SAN FRANCISCO - Out of the
clear blue the other day, Ben-
jamin Bufano, California sculptor,
received a telegram from Moscow.
It read:
"We invite you to visit Moscow
as a guest of the Soviet govern-
ment to help promote an exchange
of art and culture. You will be free
td travel at will through the Soviet
Union. Please contact the Soviet
Embassy in Washington to arrange
travel details."
The telegram was signed by the
Russian Committee for the Ex-
change of Artists, Professors, and
Scientists, equivalent to the
"people-to-people friendship" com-
mittee appointed by President
Eisenhower,
* *
MEANWHILE, HERE IS how
people-to-people friendship, an-
nounced by Eisenhower at the
Geneva "Summit" Conference as,
the official policy of the United
States, is progressing in Washing-
ton.
Last April, Alvin Eurich of the
Ford Foundation, returning from
Russia on a survey of education,
was asked by the State Department
to come !to Washington for a con-
-ference.
While in, Washington; Eurich
asked Ambassador William Lacy,
in charge of cultural exchanges
behind the Iron Curtain, to permit
Prof. A. D. Alexandrov, head of
the University 'of Leningrad, to
come to Washington.
Prof. Alexandrov is probably the
top mathematical physicist in the
world. He is the Russian scientist

who is working on plans to reach
the moon, and has stated publicly
that it will be quite feasible 't
place an observation platform on
the moon.
Ambassador Lacy asked Eurich
to yrite him a letter, which Eurich
did on May 20. In it, he again told
how Prof. Alexandrov desired to
come to the United States, and
outlined how such a visit could
benefit American scientists.
As of this writing, Eurich had
no reply to that letter. He did get
one telephone from the State De-
partment in June.
* * *
"DO YOU KNOW' what's in-
volved in bringing Prof. Alexan-
drov to the United States?" asked
W. Paul O'Neill, a member of the
State Department Office on Cul-
tural Exchange. "Would you be
prepared to meet him and accom-
pany him every place in the United
States?"
Eurich said that he would be
prepared to meet Prof. Alexandrov,
but could not accompany him
every place in the United States,
as he had other commitments.'
"Would you be prepared to have
a responsible person meet him at
every airport?" asked O'Neill.
"Yes, I would."
"Would you be prepared to have
a responsible person accompany
him on any train?"
Eurich replied in the affirmative.
"May I then invite him?" Eurich
asked.
"Yes," said O'Neill. "But we are
not yet prepared to issue a visa.",
"Then I'm not going to embar-

rass Prof. Alexandrov by inviting
him and having him wait for a visa
which might not arrive," said
Eurich.
He was so right. As of this week,
Prof. Alexandrov had not received
the visa and had not been invited.
This despite the fact that he had
shown Eurich the Russian cyclo-
tron and everything else in the
University of Leningrad labora-
tories.
Furthermore, since Russia seems
to be far ahead of us in developing
the, Sputnik and other means of
space travel, it would appear that
Prof. Alexandrov could steal no
secrets from the United States,
while American scientists might
benefit from talking with him.
* * *
LEARNING these facts, I tele-
phoned O'Neill at the State De-
partment. He did not remember an
"Alexandrov," and seemed com-
pletely vague regarding any appli-
cation for his visit. He said he
would look the matter up.
I also called Ambassador Lacy.
He did remember Prof. Alexan-
drov, but he didn't recall that
permission had been asked for his
entry into the United States.
Thirty minutes after my phone
call, however, O'Neill got on the
telephone to Eurich in New York
to tell him that Prof. Alexandrov
was now cordially invited to visit
the United States.
Note: Prof. Alexandrov visited
Canada last month, but, unable to
come to the United States, went
all the way back to Russia.
(Copyright 1957 by Bell Syndicate Inc.)

the magnanimous soul beneath
Quasimode's grotesque exterior.
His gutteral speech is neither ex-
aggerated or affected.
He does not seem to sustain this
sensitivity throughout the film as
memorably as did Charles Laugh-
ton in the 1939 version, but judg-
ing Quinn's performance on its
own merits, it is certainly superla-
tive.
THE PHOTOGRAPHY realizes
well the advantages of the motion
picture medium, in expressing and
emphasizing the depth and feel-
ing of Quasimodo's character, as
well as the atmosphere and wdy-
namic level of the whole play.
Especially well done is the scene
in which a naive poet wanders
into the Kingdom of Thieves and
Beggars. Incidently, he somehow
comes out of the scene married to
Gina Lollobrigida on a "purely
Platonic basis."
Ah yes, Miss Lollobrigida. I sup-
pose there are a good many who
will flock to a movie to see a grimy
woman do a belly dance and strut
herself about. Myself, I go to the
Gayety Burlesk for this.
Now of course, the beautiful
gypsy Esmeralda, whom Gina por-
trays, is intended to be quite an
earthy woman, but she is also
richly loving, sincere, and under-
standing. Gina fails quite success-
fully to demonstrate any thorough
understanding of her role.
Her acts of kindness toward
Quasimodo seem superficial, and
it is difficult to understand her
relationship with Quasimodo, ex-
cept with the explanation that she
is a "clean cut kid," which she is
not supposed to be at all.
THE WORST job of, acting,
however, is turned out by Jean
Dam, who portrays the soldier
Phoebus loved by Esmeralda. Little
can be said about his unconvincing
performance, except that Ted
Mack would probably have re-
jected him.
Alain Cuny, as the brooding
alchemist who loves Esmeralda,
broods perhaps a little too much,
but his performance is satisfactory
even effective.
The plot of "The Hunchback of
Notre Dame" portrays the search
of the deformed cathedral bell-
ringer, Quasimodo, for love, which
he finds only indeath with Esmer-
alda, whom -he could never holda
in life.
The film starts off unfortunately
with a number of seemingly dis-
united scenes, and it takes some
time for the viewer to tie every-
thing into the general pattern of
action. But once this task is ac- y
complished the film moves smooth-
ly at an intense dramatic pitch.
This production is well worth
seeing. The cartoon is not funny,
and the short feature (a travelogue
about Singapore) is boring, so you
need not worry about getting there
on time.
-Dale McGhee

LETTERS
to the
EDITORT
Competition... .
To the Editor:
IN THE FOLLOWING some sen-
timents are expressed which,
though they have been made by
many, cannot be overemphasized
at the present time.
There has been much concern
about Russia's technological devel-
opments and much resulting talk
that the U.S. must step up the
quality and quantity of its output
in a number of fields of endeavor.
The latter are sentiments that a
society always has to be concerned
about.
To tie this sentiment solely to
the need never to let the Russians
get ahead-and such seems to be
the predominant, if not the only
characteristic of most statements
on the subject-leaves an opening
for the charge that the society's
motive for progress is based on the
need to stay "on top" pure and
simple.
Should therenot be more ex-
pressed satisfaction about new'
horizons in knowledge apart from
the idea who got there first?
Should there not be an intensified
insight that there is even more to
be gained from some form of inter-
national cooperative effort now
than before?
It has been suggested that the
new technological developments by
the Russians increase the threat to
other nations. Given an atmos-
phere of considerable hostility be-
tween certain nations, such is in-
deed plausible.
However, one attitude which will
guarantee a continuation of hostile
feelings is the attitude that genu-
ine accomplishments in one camp
must in the other camp stir the,
motive to compete rather than the
motive to get to know and learn
from the accomplishers.
--John Gyr
Suggestion .
To the Editor:
IN COMPLETE agreement with
Mr. Blues "woof-woof" editorial
of Nov. 6, I would suggest that the
dog lovers of the world, instead
of observing a one minute silence
each day on behalf of Curly, ob-
serve instead a 24 hour per day
silence.
Most of us like dogs, I'm sure,
but these objections by the Na-
tional Canine Defense League etc.
are ridiculous.
-Harold Richards, '59
*DAILY
OFFICIAL
BULLETIN
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the Univer-
sity of Michigan for which the
Michigan Daily assumes no edi-
torial responsibility. Notices should
be sentain TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Build-
ing,'before 2 p.m. the day peceding
publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 9, 1957
VOL. LXVII, NO. 46
Plays
Last performance tonight at 8. The
Department of Speech presents Joseph
Kesselring's farce-comedy "Arsenic and
Old Lace." Lydia Mendelsohn Theatre.
Box office open 10 a.m.- 5 p.m.
Concerts

The Clieveland Orchestra will give the
fourth concert In the Choral Union
Series, Sun., Nov. 10 in Hill Auditorium,
at 8:30 p.m., with George Szell, con-
ductor. Tickets are on sale at the
offices of the Musical Society until
noon Sat., and the Hill Auditorium box
office will be open Sunday evening at
7 p.m.
Academic Notices
Economics Club. Dr. Hans W. Singer,
Secretariat of the United Nations, New
York, will speak on "Inflation and the
Process of Economic Development in
Under-Developed Countries" Mon., Nov.
11 at 8 p.m. In Aud. B, Angell Ha~ll. All
staff members and graduate students
in economics and business adminis-
tration urged to attend. All others in-
vited.
Doctoral Examination for Llewellya
Williams Hillis, Botany: thesis: "A
Revision of the Genus Halimeda," Mon.,
Nov. 11, Rm. 1139, Natural Science
Bldg., at 1:30 p.m. Chairman, W. R.
Taylor.

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UNIVERSAL ENLIGHTMENT NEEDED:
Kashmir Problem a Challenge to Democracy

I-

INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
PYCCKU CAOI3AP

By THOMAS P. WHITNEY
Associated Press Foreign News Analyst
S IX WEEKS AGO few Americans had heard
the word Sputnik. Today it's on the way into
the dictionaries, as one of the Russian langu-
age's rare contributions to English..
In Russian, sputnik means satellite in an
astronomical sense. Thus the moon is a sputnik
of the earth as well as in the sense of an artifi-
cial satellite. But in English all sputniks are
artificial.
The Russian word sputnik also means a
traveling companion. The Russian prefix "s"
means with. The word "put" pronounced "poot"
means road, way or path. The suffix "nik" is
commonly used to make a noun from a general
root-and give it a diminutive sense.
Editorial Staff
PETER ECKSTEIN. Editor
JAMES ELSMAN, JR. VERNON NAHRGANG
Editorial Director City Editor
DONNA HANSON ................ Personnel Director
TAMMY MORRISON ................Magazine Editor
EDWARD GERULDSEN .. Associate Editorial Director
WILLIAM HANEY .................... Features Editor

The Russian, word "laika" doesn't seem to
have caught on as well. This is the given name
and the name of the breed of ,the dog put up
in Sputnik II.
IN A SPECIFIC SENSE laika refers to a breed
of dog common in Russia and Siberia. In a
more general sense laika-derived from "lai,"
meaning bark-is approximately equivalent to
the English "bow-wow" and can be applied to
any dog.
Some Russian words now in the English
vocabulary come from politics and government.
Kremlin, used to describe the ancient Fortress
in Moscow and also the Soviet government as a
'whole, comes from the Russian kreml. This
means not just the fortress in Moscow but any
elevated fortress in the heart of a Russian town.
In English bolshevik may be used to describe
any violent revolutionary. Originally in Russian
it meant "one of the majority"-the majority
being that in the Russian Social Democratic
party and in the early years of this century
when it split. The opponents of the Bolsheviks
became known as the Mensheviks-men of the
minority.
THE WORD SOVIET, now common in Eng-

(Editor's Note.: This is the last of
three articles dealing with the Kash-
mrproblem from the Indian point
of view. The author is studying at
the University under the Foreign Stu-
dent Leadership Exchange program.)
By VIRENDRA PATHIK
Daily Staff Writer
HOW RIDICULOUS is the basis
of the Kashmir problem, like
many of our other problems, may
be effectively felt only if we try
to realize the drastic change we
are undetgoing today.
There has been a growing real-
ization, though not in the common
masses yet, but certainly, in the
pioneer minds of those who matter
in shaping the destinies of our
future generations, of the ilnpoft-
ance of striving for a world which
is "unbroken into fragments by
narrow domestic walls; and where
the clear stream of reason has not
lost its way in the dreary desert
sands of dead habit."
* * * '
TODAY, it is easy to see that
even the masses of the Free World
are looking forward to meeting the
challange of the future to create
a world "where democracy is with-
out vulgarity and ignorance; ex-
cellence is without arrogance; and
differences are without hate;
where the answers, to error is not
terror, the way of progress is not
subversion, respect for the past

drifting the hopefull future of man
into dark valleys of feai and frus-
tration?
My purpose of presenting the
Indian point of view on the Kash-
mir problem was merely to stimu-
late the above stated realization.
If I have stated this Indian point
of view vigorously, condemning.
only the other side (Pakistan),
my purpose is not actually to con-
demn them, but just to let them
feel. that other party, too, feels
about her interests as fanatically
and intensely as they do.
In such an atmosphere of con-
flicting interests, where really the
basis of our problems are purely
petty and selfish - against our
common understanding of them,
the solutions can really never be
attained by betraying an opinion
or by creating a deadlock of hatred
and misunderstanding, but by at-
tempting to understand the dif-
ferences without involving feelings
of hatred.
* * *
PERHAPS few people can deny
that democratic rights can never
represent a 'glorious slogan of our
age' unless they are preceded by a
universal enlightenment of the
democratic values. History has re-
peatedly demonstrated that appli-
cation of democracy without the
prerequisite of education has only
betrayed the people involved lead-

of nation just because of some
petty differences among them-
selves.
Even while our Indian leaders
were fighting for their independ-
ence against Britain, they always
looked forward to a nation where
people live in harmony, peace, and
unifoymity in spite of diversity;
where there are ideological and
religious differences but without
hate and mental barriers.
That is the dream of Nehru, who
is engaged so passionately in
building the destiny of one-sixth
the population of our planet. At
least when I speak -of Nehru, I
don't speak of him as an Indian
National leader, but as a world
citizen with the future of man
foremost in his mind. (I have
heard many people, even great
statesmen, very narrow-mindedly
condemning Nehru of the viola-
tion of ideals for which he has
stood so firmly.
* *
THEY HAVE never tried to go
deep into the stand of this great
man on international and national
problems, which always tend to
strike at the far-reaching effect of
the problems.
I believe that it is only his pas-
sion for the ideals he holds, the
dreams he has cherished, that,
even at the cost of his popularity
in the Western World, he stands
firmly on the question of Kash-

stead of indulging in the mean
tactics of instigating guerilla war-
fare, and hatred.
Her real attempts to struggle
against the wants of her people in
Pakistan and occupied Kashmir
could have proven to her her
stronger claim for Kashmir than
her feverish propaganda on which
she spends so much money in
order to betray the opinion of the
Western masses.
To the Western people I will
say only this. Kashmir is not be-
hind the Iron Curtain. Go and see
for yourself how peacefully the
people of Kashmir are living in
India, enthusiastically engaged in
their economic efforts to fight
the menace of communist totali-
tarianism in their area.
* *
IN THE LIGHT of these facts,
we may perhaps realize better how
futile are the points of Pakistan
while they advance their claims
for Kashmir. Mr. Khan might have
been thinking of his points in his
first rejoinder as irrefutable and
difficult to grapple with, but now,
perhaps even he, may realize
how meaningless and futile are
his arguments for us.
We have never looked at Mos-
lems as aliens because they com-
prise 50 million of the population
of our country. Our leaders, even
up till now, don't consider Pakistan
as a foreign nation.

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