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November 03, 1957 - Image 4

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Michigan Daily, 1957-11-03

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I

"Who Said Anything About Local Rights?"

Sixty-Eighth Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241

"When Opinions Are Free
Truth Will Prevail"

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This mus t be noted 'in all reprints.

Y, NOVEMBER 3, 1957

NIGHT EDITOR: RICHARD TAUB

International Week

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To The Edlitor
'No-Exclusion' Policy .
To The Editor:
ORCHIDS ARE IN ORDER for the fraternities at Williams College for
the step they are taking in instituting their 'no-exclusion' policy. No
doubt the transition will be a hard one for them to make, but once made,
I feel sure that they will be better off.
Barton Huthwaite, in his article "No-Exclusion Fraternity Pglicy
Would Be Impractical here," claims the 'no-exclusion' philosophy or
theory is sound but does not believe it to be practical. To me, the proof
of the pudding is in the eating, and likewise, there must be some applica-

ii

Waits Upon American Students

CONSIDERING THAT the University campus
has the largest segment of foreign students
(1500) in the United States, it is regretable
these students from abroad have not played a
more significant role in campus life, have not
cultivated American friends to any extent and
have not always been treated withou discrimi-
nation by the community.
Next week Tuesday begins a 5-day campus
program which has been geared to turn campus
attention to the foreign student population in
the hope that any brotherhood resulting from
the International Week will make the inter-
national educational experience of this campus
more significant to both Foreign students and
Americans. The Week is being directed by the
International Coordinating Committee of the
Student Government Council, backed by the
splendid cooperation of all the major campus
organizations. The International Students As-
sociation has borne a major burden of the
work load. The Union, especially, has exhibited
cooperation, providing its facilities for a
"World's Fair" of cultural exhibits from dif-
ferent nations, plus bringing the poet Carl
Sandburg to campus. The League is hosting
Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt, wife of the former
president. Though less spectacular, the four
major residence groups - Assembly, Panhel,
IFC and IHC-are inviting a number of for-
eign students to dinner. Professors Boulding
and Bretton of the faculty are also contrib-
uting their participation in a Wednesday night
debate-"Disarmament of the World is Im-
practicable." Many other University agencies
and campus groups-University Christian Fed-

eration, University Museums, and more-are
making a considerable effort in behalf of the
Week.
We see International Week as another indi-
cation of an increasing and commendable con-
cern for the foreign students of this campus.
With the integration of the English Language
Institute students among the houses of South
Quadrangle, the Union's "American Brother"
program and a movement within SGC to se-
cure the International Students Association an
ex-officio seat on that body this campus has
made some progress of late in receiving the
foreign student into its midst.
ON THE EVE of International Week we
would like to commend the people and or-
ganizations whose preparatory work has done
a good deal to insure the success of the Week.
But for all the promising preparation, the Week
can only be made successful by the reaction of
the American students. We think, in the name
of education, it is important that American
students come to know and understand these
students of less and less "far away" lands. We
think it is also important that foreign students
think Americans desire to know and under-
stand them, for their impressions of American
concern in this area of brotherhood will be
their impressions of the good life of American
democracy, and their impression of our de-
mocracy will determine along what course
they will lead their countries when they return
home.
-JAMES ELSMAN, JR.
Editorial Director

6?'95's V T?+ .gst*It6 M tJ pS7" +
WASHINGTON MERRY-GO-ROUND:
0Atomic Accidents Frequent
By DREW PEARSON

Nation's 'Moonstruck' Myopia

TWO ALARMING TENDENCIES have de-
veloped in, this country as a result of the
launching of Sputnik. The first is the tendency
on the part of the government to devote much
of its scientific energy to applied research, the
production and development of nuclear weap-
ons and upper atmosphere rockets. The second
is the tendency of the people to not only permit
the government to do so, but to demand that
it do so immediately.
The tendencies are understandable; we have
been thrown into a defensive position by Rus-
sia's obvious ability to not only keep up with
us in weapon development, but in some cases
to surpass our achievements, The government,
as a result, has been forced to find some man-
ner of demonstrating to our allies and to the
American people that it has not really fallen
behind. The best way to do this, it is believed,
is to duplicate, if possible, the most dramatic
of Russia's scientific achievements - the
launching of an earth satellite. In this way
our people and our allies will regain faith in
our government.
Though understandable, these tendencies
could prove highly dangerous. The National
Science Foundation, in a report to the President
made public last Monday, pointed out that
basic research is as important to continued
scientific progress as applied research, and that
to fail t' expand our basic research programs
will put us at a great disadvantage in the
future. Basic research is ,not, as the former
Secretary of Defense Charles E. Wilson once
said,"when you don't know what you're do-
ing." It is research which is not directed at a
specific goal, such as developing a satellite,
but considers any gain in scientific knowledge

as sufficient success. Thus, while the immediate
results of basic researth are seldom exciting
except to the scientist, the knowledge gained
is the basis for all scientific progress which is
to follow.
RUSSIA HAS ACHIEVED a balance between
basic and applied research which is con-
siderably more favorable to continued scientific
progress than that in the United' States, and
unless we increase our basic research program
soon, we are going to be at a disadvantage in
the future.
The Foundation did more than simply point
out that basic research is needed, however. It
also made several suggestions as to the means
of increasing the amount of this research,
recognizing the dangerous tendency current to
"let the government do it." Cautioning against
complete government control of our research
programs, the report suggests that state and
federal governments share the cost of basic
research in our colleges, and that a tax situa-
tion more favorable to industrial support of
research be adopted if possible.
The recommendations of the Foundation are
not necessarily the only answer to the problem
of providing research for future scientific pro-
gress without surrendering to the government
so powerful a role.
But for a nation which seems to be getting a
little "moonstruck," the recommendations point
out the need to cure ourselves of the tendency
towards myopic planning which will be re-
gretted when the immediate situation has
passed.
-RICHARD RABBIDEAU

IN THE PELL-MELL rush into
the atomic age, thousands of
employees are not properly trainied
to handle radioactive materials
now used in industry, medicine,
agriculture, and other fields.
Yet the Atomic Energy Commis-
sion has only 44 inspectors to
check on over 4,000 firms licensed
to use dangerous radioactive sub-
stances. Few of these firms have
employees experienced in atomic
matters.
As a result, there have been far
more atomic accidents than the
public has been told. Dozens of
employees have beeno verexposed
to radiation. Containers holding
radioactive material, including
deadly cobalt used in industry,
have been improperly marked.
Overexposure can result in leu-
kemia, bone cancer, and blindness.
Even a light overdose can inten-
sify some body malfunction that
won't become apparent for 10 or
15 years.
Yet the Atomic Energy Commis-
sion, caught in the economy
squeeze, is refusing to spend money
to exliand its inspection staff.
* * *
IT WON'T BE announced until
January, but the House Veterans
Committee will call Veterans Ad-
ministrator H. V. Higley on the
carpet for lopping off benefits to
some 100,000 disabled World War
II vets.
Higley's action makes a mockery
of congressional action earlier this
year raising the level of payments
to wounded veterans, the Com-
mittee claims. Chairman Olin
Teague (D-Tex.) is also sore be-
cause Higley acted without inform-
ing Congress.
About 40,000 disabled veterans
have already had their benefits
reduced or eliminated altogether.
The VA simply informed them
that "errors" were made, and that
under modern "medical principles"

they can't prove their ailments
didn't exist prior to military duty.
The Disabled American Veterans
organization has protested, point-
ing out that any "errors" were
made by the government, not by
the veterans. Moreover, says the
DAV, Congress in 1944 ordered
Veterans Administrator Frank T.
Hines to apply the law generously.
The DAV claims it's unfair to
change the rules at this late date.
Yet still another 60,000 veterans
are due to have their benefits cut
back or eliminated. Higley has not
issued any written instructions.
However, VA survey teams are
touring the country and quietly
passing the word. Regional direc-
tors are warned they will get low
efficiency ratings unless they lop
off a certain quota of cases.
Meanwhile, the VA is also revis-
ing its over-all rating schedule to
reduce the amount of compensa-
tion paid for any specific injury or
ailment. Reason for this is Budget
Bureau pressure to lower the cost
of veterans' payments.
Additional thousands of veter-
ans will be affected-unless Con-
gressman Teague is successful in
reversing the move.
* * *
WHILE THE EYES of the world
are on the fading Sputnik and
Kremlin shakeup, six million Fili-
pinos will flock from the barrios
and byways of their seven thou-
sand vine-tangled islands next
week to pick a president.
Quietly but dramatically, they
will demonstrate how well they
have learned the demnocratic ways
America has taught them. The
world can hardly help notice that
the difference between Hungary
and the Philippines is the differ-
ence between Communism and De-
mocracy.
Over a dozen candidates are
battling for the presidency in slam-
bang American style. They are
now shouting political promises

with equal fluency in English,
Spanish, and native dialects.
The likely victor will be the in-
cumbent, chain-smoking, chess-
playing President Carlos Garcia,
who succeeded the beloved Presi-
dent Ramon Magsaysay after his
death in an airplane crash last
March.
A man of contrasts, Garcia
fought with the guerillas during
the Japanese occupation, now
writes romantic poetry in his na-
tive Visayan dialect. A health ad-
dict, he goes without food for
two weeks as an annual ritual dur-
ing Lent.
Federal Communications Com-
missioners have been bucking like
broncos against revealing which
congressmen put political pressure
on them to give juicy TV licenses
to their friends. They don't want
to tell the Moulder Investigating
Committee the backstage facts.
If the current FCC commission-
ers were smart, they could take a
leaf from the book of one of
their predecessors, the late Wayne
Coy, onetime FCC chairman. Here
is how Wayne Coy handled politi-
cal pressure:
A senator who happened to be
a warm friend of Coy's came to
see him regarding a radio license.
The senator made it clear he was
not familiar with the facts, but it
would hurt him a great deal if a
wrong decision was made.
* * *
CHAIRMAN COY listened pa-
tiently. As the senator was leaving,
Coy 'casually remarked that he had
a poor memory, therefore would
appreciate it if the senator would
send him a letter confirming every-
thing he had said. Thus Coy would
be sure to have the senator's views
before him when the decision was
made.
Coy never heard from the sena-
tor again-even after the commis-
sion ruled against him.
(Copyright 1957 by Bell Syndicate Inc.)

tion of the theory in order for the
minor point and I do not wish to
dwell upon it.
Huthwaite goes on to say that
such a 'no-exclusion' policy would
deprive fraternities of their most
valuable asset - that of member-
ship selection. For this reason he
does not believe the fraternities at
Michigan would accept such an
idea.
If this is true, then one of the
primary arguments in favor of
fraternities is questioned-that of
preparing an individual for so-
ciety.
I CAN THINK of nothing more
deplorable than a society exclud-
ing individuals that are the least
bit different -r undesireable. This
concept may have been acceptable
in the middle ages, but in the
modern concept of society, it is
one of the responsibilities of so-
ciety to see that the undesireables
are cared for, and the non-con-
formists, along with the conform-
ists, find a niche for themselves.
Perhaps fraternities have not
yet outgrown the feudalistic idea
of shunning those that deviate
from the norm.
In a society, an individual
should be able to successfully seek
the ends to him that seem good,
even to the extent of accepting
or rejecting society. On the other
hand, society should have no
choice but to accept the individual.
* * *
HOWEVER, once the individual
accepts the society he also ac-
cepts its laws, regulations, im-
positions, and restrictions-or does
his best to change them. It follows
then that a student should be able
to make his choice of a fraternity
without the fraternity voicing its
approval or disapproval.
Likewise, once the student ac-
cepts the fraternity, he also ac-
cepts its constitution, by-laws, and
other responsibilities of member-
ship. This relation is to exist if
the fraternity is to fulfill its con-
cept of preparing an individual for
society-unless, of course, society
is in agreement with the member-
ship selection principle.
--Robert Borcherts, Spec
No Puppet...
To The Editor:
IT HAS BECOME a rarity, nowa-
days, to open The Michigan
Daily or any other American news-
paper and not find an accusation
that Syria has become a Com-
munist foothold in the Middle
East whenever anything is written
about that areax
Not only that, but it is more sur-
prising to see that a famous com-
mentator like Drew Pearson, in an
article published in The Daily of
Tuesday, Oct. 30, put the present
government in Syria on equal
footing with the puppet govern-
ment of Hungary which asked for
Russian help against the rebels
last year.
I would like to assure you that
Syria will never be a Communist
foothold, nor a foothold for any
other country, but will maintain
her neutrality. What I hope to
see is a better understanding, on
the part of the Western world, of
our problems if they want the Arab
Nation to remain their friend.
-Isam Bdeir, Spec. BA
Amman, Jordan

theory to exist. However, this is a
SOUTH POLE:
Modern
Pioneers
By EDDY GILMORE
Associated Press Staff Writer
THROUGH THE ICE, snow and
continuous daylight of the
antarctic summer, 16 courageous
explorers are taking one of the
last great land adventures left
to man-the 2,000-mile trek across
the hostile wastes of the South
Pole.
Dr. Vivian E. Fuchs, an English-
man, and 15 men from the British
Commonwealth journeyed forth
from a "lonely base on the icy
edge of the Weddell Sea the mid-
dle of last month.
They hope to fight their way
over thefrozen heart of the vast
antarctic continent to the distant
Ross Sea.
Another party, led by the con-
queror of Mt. Everest, New Zea-
lander Sir Edmund Hillary, ex-
pects to meet them about *0
miles on the Ross Sea side of the
pole sometime in December.
Hillary's group has jumped off
from its Ross Sea base and after
the planned meeting will accom-
pany Fuchs' men back to the Ross
Sea.
IF THE VENTURE succeeds, it
will be the first time the moun-
tainous, blizzard - swept, almost
lifeless region has been crossed.
Over the years, other brave men
have surrendered to the fuF of
the elements and the punishing
cold at the bottom of the globe
and turned back.
Still others have met death try-
ing much shorter distances in the
antarctic.
The South Pole, of course, has
been conquered before.
Roald Amundsen, the Norwe-
gian, was the first, getting there
Dec. 14, 1911.
Capt. Robert Falconscott, the
Englishman, reached the pole on
Jan. 18, 1912, but died on the re-
turn journey to the Ross Sea.
Adm. Richard E. Byrd arrived
Nov. 29, 1929-by plane.
For the British Commonwealth
expedition there is no old - time
mush-mush-mush on snow shoes
and dog sleds. Behind Fuchs and
Hillary are years of planning and
modern equipment.
THE MEN are making the trek
in snowcats and weasels, names of
modern machines designed to beat
the snow, bogs, glaciers, howling
winds and crippling cold. Two air-
planes are aiding the undertaking.
"No particular drama is planned
for the arrival at the pole," said
Rear Adm. C. R. L. Parry (ret,),
secretary of the expedition.
"Our chaps will probably stop
off and drink a drink with the
American chaps there. I doubt if
there'll be anything more."
Hillary's trip was the first since
1911 to retrace Scott's steps,
known to explorers as the "worst
journey in the world."
It took Hillary and his compan-
ions about 48 hours to reach the
stone shelter in tractors. It took
Scott several months.
DAILY
OFFICIAL
BULLIETIN
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the Univer-
sity of Michigan for which the
Michigan Daily assumes no edi-
torial responsibility. Notices should
be sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Build-

ing, before 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 1957
VOL. LXVIII, No. 41
General Notices
The Women's Research Club wil
meet on Mon., Nov. 4 in the West Con-
ference Room, Rackham Building. Prof.
Adelaide Adams of the Fine Arts Dept.
will speak on, "Mission Churches of the
Southwest."
Science Research Club. The November
meeting will be held in the Mortimer E.
Cooley Building, North Campus at 7:30
p.m. on Tues., Nov. 5. Program : "Land
Locomotion-Animals to Machines," M.
G. Bekker-Technical Director, Land
Locomotion Research Laboratory, De-
troit Arsenal and invited lecturer in
Land Locomotion - Department of
Mechanical and Industrial Engineer-
ing. Following the refreshment period,
there will be a guided tour of the new
Automotive Engineering Laboratory.
Election of New Members. Dues for
1957-58 accepted after 7:10 P.M.

4
-1

9,

U.S.-USSR Cultural Exchange

THE NEGOTIATIONS BEGUN shortly ago
in Washington to expand cultural ex-
changes between this country and the, Soviet
Union can provide the basis of a workable and
mutually profitable exchange program.
There are basic differences in the proposals
set forth by the two nations, but agreement is
well within reach.
The interest of the United States, as ex-
plained to Soviet Ambassador Georgi Zaroubin
by William Lacy of our State Department, lies
mainly in the field of information and ideas on
current affairs. The Russians, as Zarobin's
opening speech demonstrated, are more in-
terested in larger-scale technical, scientific and
cultural exchanges.
Lacy pointed out that for several years the
Editorial Staff
PETER ECKSTEIN, Editor.
JAMES ELSMAN, JR. VERNON NAHRGANG
Editorial Director City Editor
DONNA HANSON ................ Personnel Director
TAMMY MORRISON ................ Magazine Editor
EDWARD GERULDSEN .. Associate Editorial Director
WILLIAM HANEY ................... Features Editor
ROSE PERLBERG .................. Activities Editor
CAROL PRINS....... Associate Personnel Director
JAMES BAAD .................Sports Editor
BRUCE BENNETT ............ Associate Sports Editor
JOHN HILLYER...........,. Associate Sports Editor
CHARLES CURTISS............. Chief Photographer
Business Staff

United States has asked for trading of radio
and television "commentaries on world events."
The present Russian proposals call for ex-
changes of radio and television broadcasts on
science, industry, sports, agriculture, educa-
tion, health and music. These broadcasts would
include every possible type except soap operas
and the ones we are interested in: news com-
mentaries.
The Soviet Union is not quite ready, it seems,
to take down its iron curtain all the way.
On the other hand, operating from a psychol-
ogical position of strength gained from their
successful satellite launching, the Russians are
calling louder than ever before for technical
discussions. Now they have demonstrated in
an embarrassing way a point that never needed
to be made-that such discussions would not be
onesided. We should certainly cooperate in
establishing such a program.
OTHER POINTS OUTLINED by Zaroubin
would likewise be beneficial to this country.
Direct air service between the United States
and the USSR was first proposed by Secretary
of State John Foster Dulles at Geneva two
years ago. Since that time an American air-
line has had no success in direct negotiations
with the Soviet government. -
Exchanges of experts in the fields of manu-
facturing, atomic energy and agriculture would
be similar to smaller, and thus less effective, ex-
changes already completed.
Visits to the Soviet Union by American com-
posers, athletes, and congressmen, and trips to
this country by their Red counterparts would

:'t

CHANNEL VIEWS:
Classic Entertaining but Twain Not Marked

By CHARLES EWELL
THE ADAPTATION of Mark
Twain's classic, The Prince'
and The Pauper for the Dupont
Show of the Month failed enter-
tainingly. Complete fidelity to the
original can't be expected from
an hour andna half treatment but
the mood and character of the
piece should be preserved.
The Prince and The Pauper is
an imaginative tale of the Prince
of Wales, the future Edward VI,
becoming confused with his dou-
ble, an abused sonl of a beggar,
and the vicissitudes of each in
their exchanged roles. For fuller
detail consult the book. Consult
it even if you saw the television
version.
*, * *
THE PLOT was nicely adapted
for dramatic presentation, though
the emphasis on social commen-
tary detracted from its unity,
Bursts of invective against the in-
humanity of sixteenth century
conditions blended more hapnilv

self as king upon the death of his
father (Henry VIII) to his bene-
factor and associate in misfortune,
Miles Hendon, drew the reaction:
'that's right, the king is dead so
now you would be king.' His
thought in the book was "the lad's
madness keeps pace with the
times." It could have been given
in an aside.
The major flaw in the produc-
tion as it was conceived was the
matter of identity. The entire
piece hinged on the resemblance
between the two boys, and the dis-
parity put too great a strain on
my powers of fancy. I'm perfectly
willing' to be transported to a
20' by 40' Bosworth Field, but re-
fuse to be duped along with the
cast by a verisimilitude that
doesn't exist.
* * *
SINCE THEY wanted a "live"
production this was a difficult
problem. A better solution was
available in having the boys begin
in the roles they were to plav after

On the positive side were the
fine performances by Christopher
Plummer of the Old Vic, Rex
Thompson, Hurd Hatfield, and
many others, in one of the most
admirable casts ever assembled
on television. The exquisite sets
and the lighting and musical ef-
fects made for a polished technical
production. The direction had its
moments, but much of the camera
play was more disconcerting than
effective.
A reader may occasionally won-
der why a reviewer watching what
he considers a shabby show doesn't
switch to a better one, rather than
staying to the bitter end and
thoroughly panning it in his col-
umn. I suppose the motivation is
the same as for a review reviewer,
reading what he considers a
shabby critique, and instead of
turning to a good book, reads it
through and expresses his opinion
of it in a letter to the editor.
*E E *n* t
LIKE THE FIRE and brimstone

sion will be repeated-with varia-
tions - on November 4th. Betty
Furness will conduct her famous
"sand ;test" demonstration once
again on the STUDIO ONE pro-
gram (10 P.M. EST, CBS-TV).
And for the first time on record,
viewers have been invited to write
for tickets to attend the telecast
of the commercial portion only of
the program. (Betty Furness, Box
95, New York 17, N. Y.)
STUDIO ONE, like most drama
programs, does not have a studio
audience, but on November 4,
Betty will conduct her "sand test"
from a separate studio in Man-
hattan which will have facilities
for some 150 guests who will see
the live commercial presentation.
. *
THE "SAND TEST" is an on-
camera test of a Westinghouse
Laundromat and three leading
competing brands of washers. Two
cups of sand, detergent, and six
white towels are put into the ma-
chines. At the end of the washing

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