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October 20, 1957 - Image 4

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Michigan Daily, 1957-10-20

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s

Sixty-Eighth Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241

"When Opinions Are Free
Truth Will Prevail"

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily exp ress the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

JNDAY, OCTOBER 20, 1957

NIGHT EDITOR: JOHN WEICHER

Federal Aid to States
Strengthens Whole Nation

T HE NATIONAL GOVERNMENT recently
announced an addition of 1,102 miles of
roadway to the original 40,000 mile plan for
superhighway construction throughout' the
United States. Financing will be the responsi-
bility of federal and state governments in the
ration of 9 federal dollars to one state dollar.
This announcement will be the cause of many
furrowed brows and disgruntled remarks from
those who feel federal aid is a crutch to many
states which are becoming increasingly depend-
ent on the national government for finances.
Disgruntled observers also argue that national
funds are a combination of taxes from all forty-
eight states. Federal aid usually results in less
wealthy states, because of economic need, re-
ceiving more benefit from their tax share than
do the most prosperous states. Critics ask, is
this fair? Why should the citizens of New
York, Michigan or Illinois subsidize highway
building in Louisiana or Arkansas. Wouldn't
equity demand that New York receive equal
shares with Louisiana when federal aid funds
are distributed. They hold that aid to these
states becomes a perpetual crutch and that
these states will become increasingly dependent
on "the handout."
STATES WHICH DEMAND more aid are those
in which natural resources are relatively
poor, industry is notably absent and marginal
agriculture is the main source of income. These
states are unable because of lack of resources
and industry to compete economically with the
rich industrial states of the central Atlantic
coast and Midwest. Economic salvation for these
states lies in increased industrialization. They

are in need of some means to attract industry
which in turn will increase economic standards.
Private agencies have realized the plight of
these states and have come to their aid in
attracting industry. One example is the multi-
million dollar expansion undertaken in Arkan-
sas under the guidance of businessman Win-
throp Rockefeller where 194 industries were
either imported or expanded in 1956.
These states are helping themselves by lower-
ing state property taxes which also proves an
incentive'to industrial expansion.
The federal government can aid these states
in their attempt to expand economically by
granting them funds for the building of high-
ways and generally increasing the potential
attraction of the state to industry.
IT SEEMS these states are in no sense willing
to sit back and allow only federal funds to
flow into their coffers. They have proven they
are willing to carry a share of the financial
load. The combination of federal aid and state
funds will result in the strengthening of these
states economically.
The federal road building program, as well as
school and housing aid plans, is in no sense
leading us into state economic deterioration but
in exactly the opposite direction.
The increased strengthening of individual
states will benefit both the national economy
and the national defense. Citizens of present
wealthy states, as well as present pauper states,
will benefit by the strengthened state of our
nation.
--CAROL PRINS
Associate Personnel Director

"We Have A Kind Of Outer Space Problem Too"
91/
* *
- S -
CHANNEL VIEWS:
TV 'Spectaculars' Pour It On

that he was a professor of organicc
Germany. This is the reason he
was given the job.
I was moved by his story be-
cause I feel that maybe the Uni-
versity is losing sight of people
such as this because of its vast
size.
I am not a literary person, but I
feel that there is a question of
responsibility he e. Where does
this man come from? Why was he
fired? Was any thought given to
what he might do without a job?
If the man spoke only Russian and
was 60 years of age, could he be
expected to make great strides in
learning English in a month?
I know that I have not ex-
pressed myself very well, but at
least I have told you that I feel
that there could be something for
people to think about in this news
item.
-Helen Klemm

INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
Unions and Corruption

To The Editor
Letters to the Editor must be signed and limited to 300 words. The Daily
reserves the right to edit or withhold any letter.
Point To Ponder . . .
WAS WONDERING if the death of Alexander Kobilansky can be dis-
missed as shortly as it was in The Daily. My only connection with the
man was about third or fourth hand, but I have a feeliing that'such a
death could have been avoided.
My husband is a graduate student in the chemistry department, and
I can remember his telling about this man when he was hired. It seems

chemistry in Russia before going to
I

By NORMAN WALKERD
WASHINGTON (P)-The corruption scandals
haunting some labor unions come to roost
next week in a giant, pre-Halloween boo for
the united labor movement.
But there is every indication the rulers of the
15-million-member parent body, the AFL-CIO,
won't scare. They seem ready to mete out tough
punishment to their rackets-tainted problem
children, including the Teamsters.
LEADERS OF THE TEAMSTERS and several
other AFL-CIO unions have been accused of
raiding the cookie jar-their union treasury
tills.
Most of the rest of-organized labor seems to
realize public spankings are in order if unions
in general are to avoid punitive legislation by
Congress and state legislatures.
George M. Harrison, president of the Railway
Clerks Brotherhood, an AFL-CIO vice president
and one of its most influential leaders, said:
"The federation is determined to clean its own
house."
This is the theme voiced by George Meany,
AFL-CIO president, and such other key federa-
tion leaders as Walter Reuther. They maintain
the nation can rely on labor to rid its ranks of
racketeering and corruption without help from
Congress or other outsiders.
But this discounts the fact that Chairman
McClellan (D-Ark.) of the Senate Rackets
Committee, which has leveled most of the cor-
ruption charges against the Teamsters' and
other union officials, has along with a number
of colleagues called for legislation to guard
against union wrongdoing.
THUS THE PARENT AFL-CIO itself will be
on trial next week when its powerful 29-
man Executive Council meets to weigh the fate
of the Teamsters, the Bakery Workers and the
United Textile Workers unions. All have been
labeled corrupt by McClellan's committee.
Much depends on what happens here tomor-
row befor'e Federal Dist. Judge F. Dickinson
Letts in a -"rank-and-file members' lawsuit
challenging legality of the recent Teamsters
convention election of James R. Hoffa as new
,Teamsters president.
Pending this hearing, Letts has issued a
temporary restraining order against Hoffa tak-
ing over the Teamsters helm from the retiring
president, Dave Beck. Both Beck and Hoffa
have been tagged by McClellan's committee
and the AFL-CIO itself as corrupt.
Beck is staying in office pending the outcome
of the court challenge of Hoffa's election. It is
charged that delegates to the Teamsters con-
vention in Miami Beach, Fla., were hand-picked
by Hoffa and Beck, in violation of the Team-
sters' own constitution, to rig the balloting for
Hoffa.
BUT IT APPEARS that so far as the AFL-CIO
is concerned, neither Hoffa nor Beck is
acceptable. So an AFL-CIO suspension of the
Teamsters from federation membership is re-
garded as a virtual certainty at the council
meeting here next Thursday.
The only possible out seems to be if Judge
Letts puts the Teamsters under a court-ap-
pointed receiver, as asked by the plaintiffs. In

ing. The Teamsters also will plan what they will
say when they go before the AFL-CIO council
for their spanking Thursday.
AT THE TEAMSTERS convention which
elected Hoffa overwhelmingly despite the
corruption accusations against him, officials of
the truck union said they wanted to stay in the
AFL-CIO but if the federation leaders ruled
otherwise they could "all go straight to hell."
So a grim and rough organizing and raiding
war between rival unions may be in the making.
Hoffa, charged with associating with a
rogue's gallery of hoodlums has been hoping he
could woo enough AFL-CIO Executive Council
members to avoid the two-thirds council vote
needed to banish the Teamsters from the fed-
eration. The Hoffa forces evidently hope to
wangle a probationary status instead of ouster.
But from all indications Hoffa, kept busy by
court proceedings since his convention election,
hasn't got very far in winning council members
to his side.
Whatever punishment the AFL-CIO Execu-
tive Council decides upon will be subject to
ratification at the federation's own conven-
tion, scheduled for Atlantic City in December.
T IS INDICATED that the 140,000-member
Bakery and Confectionary Workers Union,
some of whose officers are also under corrup-
tion charges, and the United Textile Workers
Union, with 40,000 members, may escape ban-
ishment at next week's AFL-CIO meeting.
Unlike the 1% million member Teamsters,
largest labor union in the country, which has
continually thumbed its collective nose at
rackets charges and refused to initiate any
cleanup, the Bakery and Textile unions have
promised reforms.
In addition, AFL-CIO leaders quite likely
want to avoid ousting too many unions. They
want to keep the Teamsters in the penalty box
by themselves in hopes that, one way or an-
other, Hoffa will be ousted and the Teamsters,
regarded as the biggest labor corruption prob-
lem, can be cleansed.
Ouster of the Teamsters means the AFL-CIO
will be cutting off about one tenth of its
revenue. The Teamsters have been contributing
about $750,000 a year to the federation. The
action of the AFL-CIO recently in cutting off
its regular nationwide radio programs is being
viewed as a belt-tightening move.
BUT AN OSTRACIZED Teamsters union, acid
subsequent raiding and picketing wars with
AFL - CIO unions, would spell considerable
troubles and production delays for employers.
That, in addition to further labor corruption
disclosures, could stir the nation's legislators
into drastic new rules against labor.
Top labor leaders are hoping that if they
really throttle the Teamsters and any other
corruptions the sentiment for tougher labor
legislation stirred by the McClellan committee
disclosures will blow over. They rely on the fact
that next year is a campaign year and politi-
cians will be looking for favors from unions
once again.
But more than that, responsible labor leaders
feel that given a little time they can correct
most of labor abuses. They say that legislative

By CHARLES EWELL
Daily Television Writer
ENOUGH MONEY went into last
weeksdeluge of "spectaculars"
to support a symphony orchestra
for 500 years or finance a De Mille
biblical farce.
Ed Sullivan's variety show was
replaced by Bing Crosby's variety
show, minus animal acts, Coast
Guard Chorus and baseball players
bowing from the audience. Crosby,
joined by Frank Sinatra, Bob
Hope, Louis Armstrong and Rose-
mary Clooney retained enough of
the dated concept that entertain-
ers need to- do something more
entertaining than stand around
and be admired, to demonstrate
that the banter and ballad routine
can be pleasant when well han-
dled.
Another lavish presentation, in-
volving Mickey Rooney as Pinoc-
chio, moved me to new apprecia-
tion of the Disney version.
* * *
THE OPENING of the Canadian
parliament by Queen Elizabeth
was a windfall for the producers,
offering top celebrities at a mini-
mum cost. Even if the observance
of the English ceremonial forms
of regal etiquette had little more
significance in one of the do-
minions than it would at the open-
ing of our world series, it was in-
teresting from an historical point
of view.
The fiction of the Queen com-
manding her commons and in-
structing her ministers in Canada
is hard for an American to swal-
low, if not a Canadian. Not even
Elizabeth seemed entirely con-
vinced of her role.
The Speaker of the House of
Commons prefaced his address
with such a tedious discussion of
his inadequacy to render it that I
wondered why they hadn't sent

someone along who could do the
job.
Despite his expressed conviction
that the Queen would think him
wholly unworthy of the honor, she
loved him, and showed him how
tiresome a speech could be with a
redundant anthem on his great
land; enumerating its resources
down to the fishies in the brook,
with the last few stanzas devoted
to the familiar strain of "pulling
together."
s. s * «
THE QUEEN'S visit was eclipsed
by the gala social event of the
season, the Mike Todd anniversary
party for his picture, Around The
World In 80 Days. If you have
never heard of Mike Todd, it's not
his fault. With all the crust and
none of the bust of Jayne Mans-
field (his Witless wife, Liz Taylor,
fills that department), he has
relentlessly thrust himself into the
public eye like a profane gnat.
The "party," an indescribably
t a s t e l e s s affair, replete with
horses, elephants and Elsa Max-
well, was telecast by CBS for the
benefit of those not fortunate
enough to be included in the 18,000
elite at Madison Square Garden.
As the announcer carefully
pointed out, everything was flown

in from somewhere. Champagne
from F r a n c e, Mummers from
Philadelphia, cowboys from Texas,
and cats from Siam. The only
thing not flown in was Sputnik,
yet the party was still in full swing
when the televised portion of the
bedlam mercifully ended, so who
knows?
A rogue's gallery of celebrities
whom I would like to believe were
flown in from Mars were intro-
duced. They all agreed that it was
the biggest and most expensive,
and therefore the best party they
had ever attended.
Hedda Hopper, who is only a
jot less repulsive than Louella
Parsons, was particularly ghoulish
in her admiration of the great
man's feat. Senator Hubert Hum-
phrey of Minnesota managed to
relate Todd's movie to a gust of
politicalbombastia b o u t world
unity which was worthy of the
occasion.
THE PUBLICITY pageant for
Todd's forthcoming Don Quixote
featured an appearance by the fine
French comedian, Fernandel, who
couldn't conceal his impatience to
finish his prance around the arena.
He broke away from an intermin-
able buss from Todd and raced for
the exit, the only one involved in
the entire proceeding with the
good sense to be embarrassed.
The high champagnemark of
assininity was reached with the
filmed sequences of Todd, the en-
trepreneur, at work. Here words
fail me. Where the profile wasn't
idiotic and inane, it was loath-
some; making capital of Todd
never having read the books from
which his films were adapted-ap-
parently very humorous.
I have rarely seen a more in-
solent flaunting of perverse values
and degenerate humanity.

(Editor's Note: Alexander Kobi-
lanski, to whom Mrs. Klemm refers,
was an immigrant from Germany
employed as a laboratory assistant
in the chemistry department until
his recent dismissal. His death last
Sunday is believed by police to have
been suicide.
(According to Prof. Leigh Ander-
son ,chairman of the chemistry de-
partment, Kobilansky was employed
on a trial basis only. frhough he
was given the services of two inter-'
preters, he was reported unable to
perform his duties satisfactorily,
which was the reason for his ulti-
mate dismissal.)
Waterloo .
To the Editor:
THE OTHER DAY I was walking
to class but never got there. On
the way, I was summoned into a
dark alley and informed that I
would most likely soon have a ren-
dezvous with a cunning, beguiling
Oriental "flower" who would at-
tempt to destroy me. I immediately
started for the "armory" to get
prepared for the coming encounter.
Enroute, I was viciously am-
bushed from the rear-She clutch-
ed at my throat until I coughed.
Then I was stabbed in the back. I
can still feel the dull pain in the
small of my back. Before leaving
me to die, she hit me over the head
mercilessly. The battle had begun,
and it seemed over almost before I
could make a move.
* * *
THE END was not yet, however.
I began to muster strength and
forces for a counterattack. Since
I had been shown no mercy, I
would give none. I fought back
with everything at hand, but my
gains were slow.,My weapons were
unorthodox for a battle, but they
were effective because of the sur-
prise element.
I fought with blrket and sheet,
with pills and nosedrops, with heat
and cold, and with kleenex and
sleep. I was winning! Victory was
soon to be mine.
With one last terrible struggle,
the Oriental "flower" died in my
arms with a sad smile of predatory
love on her lips.
Meanwhile, her accomplices has
retreated and would attack on an-
other front. Are You to be the next
battleground?
-James W. Hamilton
Old Warhorse . . . -
To the Editor:
I WAS JUST thinking last Tues-
day how that old warhorse about

the Truman Administration's loss
of China seemed to be finally put
out on pasture-and for good rea-
son-when I picked up The Daily
and saw a little item called "Re-
trospect."
Itwas quoted from the National
Review, a periodical from, which
The Daily sometimes takes short
pieces. I don't know why The Daily
does it-it may be for laughs, or
an attempt to give opposing views,
or even just to fill up a few odd
inches on the editorial page.
Anyway, the National Review,
which may or may not be the
world's least read journal of opin-
ion, brings a statement Truman
made recently.
* * *
HE SAID that it ought to be
clear now Communist rulers are
more concerned with keeping in
power than with peace, and the
Review seized on the "now," as if
Truman's eyes had just been open-
ed, after taking the Communists
at face value during his presi-
dency.
I think it is more important that
we, a pragmatic and practical
people, try to get out of the mess
in which we find ourselves, rather
than indulge in recriminations and
heavy-handed humor, but I think
more and more people are now
(thank you, National Review) con-
vinced that under Truman we had
an excellent foreign policy.
The Communists were stopped
cold in Greece, Turkey and Korea.
There was determination then, and
realism, and no vague Eisenhower
Doctrine. Truman would never
have allowed a Suez Retreat or a
Syrian-Egyptian buildup.
Never mind the blame, let us see
what we can do before it is too
late.
-John Neufeld, Grad.
DAILY
OFFICIAL
BULLETIN
The Daily Official Bulletin ie a
official publication of the Univer-
sity of Michigan for which the
Michigan Daily assumes no edi-
torial responsibility. Notices should
be sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3518 Aministrationl Build-
ing, before 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices for unda
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
SUNDAY, OCTOBER 20, 1957
VOL. LXVIII, NO. 29
Lectures
Department of Journalism lecture at
3 p.m. Mon., Oct. 21 in the Rackham
Amphitheater. William Stoneman, Chi-
cago Daily News foreign correspondent,
whose topic will be "Clarifying Complex
World News." The public is invited.
The fifth lecture in the. Thomas
Spencer Jerome lecture series will be
given by Prof. Sir Frank Adcock on
Monday, Oct. 21 at 11:00 a.m. in 25
Angell Hall on "Augustus Princeps."
The sixth and concluding lecture of
the Thomas Spencer Jerome lecture
series will be given by Prof. Sir Frank
Adcockc on Tues., Oct. 22 at 4:15 p.m.
in the Rackham Amphitheatre on "The
Development of the Principate."
U. S. SENATORS JOHN BRICKER and
ALBERT GORE TO DISCUSS ATOMIC
ENERGY. Senator Bricker, Republican,
Ohio, and Senator Gore, Democrat,
Tennessee, will give a bipartisan dis-
cussion on the control of at4mic en-
ergy Tues., Oct. 22, 8:30 p.m. in Hill
Auditorium as the second number on
the University Lecture Course. Tick-
ets for this number as well as for all
attractions on the series are now on
sale (Mon. through Fri.) at the Audi-
torium box office.
Concerts
Carillon Recital: 7:15 p.m. Sun., Oct.
20, by Sidney Giles, Assistant Univer-
sity Carillonneur. Jef Denyn's Prelude
in° B flat; Kamiel Lefevere's Rondo,
Menuet No. 2, Theme with Variations,
"Alfred Bells;" G. V. Handel's March
(From Ode to St. Cecelia), Sarabande;
Josef Hayden's Rondo, Serenata and
The Heavens are Telling (from The

Creation).
Organ Recital: 4:15 p.m. Sun., Oct. 20,
20, in Hill Auditorium. Prof. Noehren
will continue his series of Bach te-
citals with the following works: Pre-
lude and Fugue in C major,. Chorale
Preludes 1) If Thou but Suffer God to
Guide Thee, 2) Hark! A Voice Saith:
"All is Mortal" and 3) O How Cheating,
O How Fleeting; Eight short Preludes
and Fuges; Chorale Preludes: All Glory
be to God on High, in Thee Lord Have
I Put My Trust and Jesus. My Chief
Pleasure; Fantasia and Fugue in C mi-
nor. Open to the general public with-
out charge.
Academic Notices
Faculty, College of Literature, Sci-
ence and the Arts: The freshman five-
week progress reports will be due Wed.,
Oct. 23, in the Faculty Counselors Of-
fice for Freshmen and Sophomores,
1210 Angell Hall.
All Teacher's Certificate Candidates:
The Teacher's Certificate Application

it

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Barrage

z

ON A South Dakota cornfield,
Secretary of Agriculture Ezra
Taft Benson rose on the speaker's
platform, drew a barrage of half
a dozen eggs (their peeve: Benson
had not answered their letters).
After seeing the whites of the
farmers' eggs, Benson said grave-
ly: "This doesn't represent the
feeling of the people of South Da-
kota."
--Time

;y

HIS GUIDING PHILOSOPHY:
Know land Dedicated to Political Conservatism

(Editor's Note: This is the second
of two articles on William F. Know-
land, as a man and A politician.)
By BERT R. SUGAR
DATINGBACK to his school
Aayslaameda High School,
when he organized a Conservative
Party with the crusading slogan,
"Economy, but not false econo-
my," presidential aspirant William
Knowland has been "a man pos-
sessed" with the political ideology
of conservatism.
The senior senator from Cali-
fornia has preserved this guid-
ing philosophy and has projected
it into his present campaign
against Governor Goodwin Knight
for the impending Republican gu-
bernatorial primary. The subject
matter appears to be that which
Knowland has carefully, cautious-
ly and competently selected: that
of labor.
' * * *
TO WAGE campaign on a
platform of unionism could well
be disastrous for Knowland, for
"Goodie" Knight has the back-
ing of labor in his corner. Never-
theless, Knowland, with firmness
exuding from every speech made

fit greatly from public sentiment
demanding a union house-clean-
ing.
Knowland has extended seven
proposals to the California elector-
ate concerning the ultimate "de-
mocratizing" of labor unions:
1) Unions should elect by secret
ballot.
2) Officers should be subject to
recall by secret ballot.
3) All strikes must be approved
by a majority of the membership
after secret ballot.
4) Rank and file membership to
be protected on union welfare
funds, as insurance holders are
protected on their company funds.
5) Initiation fees and dues
money to be strictly accounted for.
6) Union membership should
have power to overrule unfair ac-
tions of their officials, -without
fear of retaliation.
7) Union officials should not be
able to perpetuate themselves in
office for long periods with gen-
uine approval of the membership.
Through the presentation of
these seven considerations to the
California voters, Knowland hopes
to pre-empt the deluge of politi-
cal sages and spokesmen who will
all be attempting to upstage the

Senator Bill has attached an
even more startling addition to
his conservative doctrine towards
labor in advocating "right-to-
work" laws in California. "Right-
-to-work" laws are the chief ab-
horrence of labor, calling for the
abolition of closed shops, a situa-
tion where only union men are
allowed to work in a given place
of business.
Under the recommended "right-
to-work" laws, the establishments
would be able to hire outsiders in
addition to their union help. La-
bor unions stand in complete soli-
darity against the institution of
any such laws. This is the sole
point on which unison may be
found among labor leaders.
The step taken by Knowland is
not a surprising one in the light
of his outspoken support of the
1948 Taft-Hartley Act and his
vote to override President Tru-
man's subsequent veto of the bill.
His stand is consistent with his
former steadfastness on other la-
bor problems and calculated to
carry the fray, both to the voters
and to Governor Knight.
WHETHER THE SENATOR had
contemplated assistance from the

ondary points will emerge in the
heated campaign that is promised
by the potential warmth of the
climate and of the contenders.
Knowland's pretended cham-
pionship of the Civil Rights Bill,
regardless of the defeat the bill
suffered, will undoubtedly garner
some precious additional votes for
him. He emerged in that jumbled
battle the leader of a coalition of
liberals and Republicans. How-
ever, this line-up should not harm
his prestige any.
Knowland must not only defeat
Governor Knight in the primary,
but must also face the strong po-
tential Democratic candidate, the
attorney-general of the Golden
State, Pat Brown. With 900,000
more registered Democrats in the
state than Republicans, strong
party organization could bring a
crushing blow to the hopes of
both Knowland and the GOP.
RUDYARD KIPLING called
politicians "Little Tin Gods on
Wheels," in his treatise called
"Public Waste." Knowland, per-
haps one of the best candidates
for this dubios title, must get
his wheels in motion soon, for he

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