EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241
When Opinions Are Free
Truth Will Prevail"
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily uxpress the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
JESDAY, OCTOBEt 8, 1957
NIGHT EDITOR: THOMAS BLUES
Hoffa, Baron of Labor,
Threatens Teamster Status
"IN America They Think It's A Problem That People
Aren't Getting Enough Education"
EXTRA CONCERT SERIES:
'Marriage of Figaro'
In English Well Done
THE FIRST PROGRAM of the so-called Extra Concert Series turned
out to be a more than unusually good "Marriage of Figaro," all
This opera was, for purposes of domestic consumption, translated
into English with much care. This is not an easy task, for the words
must fit music written for another language, and some of the sense
of the original plot should be retained. Except for a few places where
the familiar Italian words were missed by old friends, this new trans-
lation filled every requirtment. Also, the audience was given a better
grasp of one of the more complex situations in opera.
The stage was divided into two fairly equal parts, the right side
reserved for the opera, with a few simple props; and the other filled
with a small orchestra. This generally worked well, although the or-
'The most serious issue (on the labor fr ont) concerns the irresponsible power that the
labor movement, or more accurately, the labor bureaucracy, has managed to seize in our day.
Irresponsible power enables the labor bar ons to maintain, on the one hand, a dictatorship
over their own members; and on the other, to manipulate the conscript armies of labor to
the injury of our economic and political sys tem."
HE INTERNATIONAL Brotherhood of
Teamsters, in electing James R. Hoffa to
the union presidency last week, -let itself in
for a great deal of trouble.
The two greatest threats facing the union
at present are the danger of being expelled
from the AFL-CIO and the possibility of hav-
ing union affairs conducted from a federal
]Forces of clean unionism within the AFL-
CIO are now digging in for a showdown battle
with Hoffa and his cohorts. These forces, led
by AFL-CIO President George Meany, at-
tempted to organize an anti-Hoffa movement
within the Teamsters before the convention,
but the plan fel flat on its face when Hoffa
brought pressure to bear on the would-be
heroes of the campaign, Vice-President Einar
Mohn and Executive Board member John
Meany, fortunately, has not given up. He has
already 'unofficially endorsed a plan by Wil-
liam A. Lee, Teamsters seventh vice-president,
to lead the anti-Hoffa forces into a new union
within the AFL-CIO. This suggests that plans
are already in the works to expel the old
Teamsters from the parent organization.
THOUGH SUCH an expulsion would probably
raise the AFL-CIO in the public eye and
help erase the black eye the Teamsters have
given the labor movement, it is doubtful that
it would have much effect on the Teamster
organization itself. The result would probably
be much as it was in the case of the racket-
ridden International Longshoremen's Associa-
tion. That union was expelled from the AFL-
CIO for corrupt practices some time ago. The
ILA, however, still thrives, still as corrupt as
The other immediate threat to the Team
sters, however, cannot be so easily shrugged
off. Hoffa's going to jail might well pave the
way for the departure of his crooked colleagues
and the emergence of a re-organized, clean
Now that the union, through its delegates
to the convention, has refused to accept the
many disclosures of malpractice by Hoffa and
lreak his power, outside forces - namely the
Senate Rackets Committee - will redouble
their efforts to break him. The Senate com-
mittee is expected to shortly re-open its inves-
tigation of Hoffa, to expose more of his
crooked dealings, and, it hopes, prove that he
was illegally elected.
Hoffa, in addition, still faces a five-count
perjury indictment for his testimony (or lack
of it) before the McClellan Committee, and a
wiretap conspiracy charge. The Justice De-
partment is still investigating him, both on
the perjury charges and on Senator McClel-
lan's charge that most (an estimated 75 per
cent) of the Teamster convention delegates
were illegally elected.
PROSECUTING individual corrupt union
leaders, however, is by no means a solu-
tion to the problem of corruption in the labor
movement. The most practical solution, it
seems, would be to prevent the entrance and
ascendancy of corrupt elements in labor by
restrictive legislation - not legislation to break
unionism, but to make labor less attractive a
field of endeavor for greedy self-styled "de--
fenders of the proletariat."
Senator William F. Knowland of California
has outlined a seven-point play for "union de-
mocracy," including: Elections by secret bal-
lot; recall of officers by secret ballot; strikes
only after approval of the union membership
by secret ballot; protection of rank and file
membership on union welfare funds; strict ac-
counting of initiation fees and dues; power
of the membership to overrule unfair actions
by union officials without fear of retaliation
from those officers; and finally, a provision to
prevent officials from perpetuating themselves
in .office for long periods without genuine ap-
proval of the membership.
These points, incorporated in a Federal labor
control law, along with right-to-work and anti-
trust provisions, would appear to be the cure
for what ails the American labor movement.
THE ONLY MAJOR problem then remaining
would be apathy on the part of union mem-
bers .Working in a Teamster-organized truck-
ing terminal this past summer, this writer
found an almost complete lack of interest in
what the union leaders were doing.
The most frequently heard comments in
regard to the disclosures of the McClellan
Committee were along the line of: "So what?
Maybe I'd steal, too, if I were in his shoes;"
and "The union's been good to me; they got
me this job and kept me here. When a guy's
been good to you, you don't kick him when he's
On the contrary, it appears to us that what
Hoffa and his ilk deserve most is a well-placed
kick out of the labor movement.
Associate Editorial Director
i %taJ P4!lC +Tu 4 ~ c '
Hoffa Browbeats Opposition
By DREW PEARSON
IT'S NO SECRET that the elec-
tion of Jimmy Hoffa as head of
the Teamsters was a deep dis-
appointment to the forces of clean
unionism inside the AFL-CIO, in-
cluding George Meany. But it's
supposed to be a secret that Meany
had counted on two powerfull ex-
ecutives inside the Teamsters to
stand up against Hoffa. They were
Einar Mohn, former right-hand
man to Dave Beck, and John Eng-
lish, secretary - treasurer of the
Teamsters. Both chickened.
Here is the private conversation
between Hoffa and Mohn which
took place just before Mohn caved
in. The reader can draw his own
Hoffa: "What's this I hear that
you are still thinking of running
in this election for something
other than vice-president? Well,
you go right ahead! I think, how-
ever, that it would be only right
for me to tell you that I have
already picked the man who will
immediately oppose you (for vice-
* * *
MOHN: "Now, Jimmy, who is
it? Someone I know? You know
that I have the votes to hang on
to my vice-presidency. What are
you trying to pull?"
Hoffa: "I'll be blankety-blanked
if I'll tell you ! But I will tell you
that it's up to you. If you do any-
thing other than support me, you
are through. And you know what
Jimmy says, Jimmy means!"
After that, Mohn bowed out.
The man who tipped the scales
for Hoffa, ironically, was the man
who was supposed to have been
the AFL-CIO's white hope--John
English. Meany h a d appointed
English 'to Dave Beck's seat on the
AFL-CIO Executive Board. In re-
turn, English agreed to start a
campaign inside the Teamsters to
sweep out both Beck and Hoffa.
In other words, the AFL-CIO
handed English the broom, but he
never did much sweeping. Meany
gave him the bawling out of his
life for his failure to act, but Eng-
lish was up against one of the
toughest operators in America.
H e r e are the repercussions
bound to take place as a result of
Jimmy Hoffa's election as presi-
dent of the world's largest union:
* * *
REPERCUSSION No. 1: William
A. Lee, the Teamsters seventh
vice-president, is expected to lead
the anti-Hoffa forces into a new
rival union under the AFL-CIO's
wing. He has already received the
unofficial blessing of AFL-CIO
President George Meany. Other
cleanup candidates-Tom Hickey,
Tom Haggerty, and Congressman
Jack Shelley-have pledged priv-
ately to join Lee in forming the
new union. Lee's lawyers have been
mapping legal strategy to prevent
Hoffa from draining the treasuries
of locals that may want to follow
Repercussion No. 2: Hoffa will
probably join forces with John L.
Lewis in' a new independent labor
organization. The two labor
strongmen have already huddled
secretly. Hoffa has also, talked to
Bakers' boss James Cross, also
under congressional fire, about
throwing in with them. Lewis said
he could bring in the racket-
ridden International Longshore-
men's Union, which has been feed-
ing out of the Mine Workers'
trough. The Hoffa - Lewis labor
organization would be a haven for
unions kicked out of the AFL-CIO.
Repercussion No. 3: The Justice
Department will try again to send
Hoffa to jail. The Criminal Divi-
sion is studying Hoffa's testimony
before the Senate Rackets Com-
mittee, with a view of prosecuting
him for perjury. Hoffa claimed
under oath he couldn't remember
details that he later had no trouble
recalling before the AFL - CIO
Ethical Practices Committee. The
Justice Department is also inter-
ested in S e n a t o r McClellan's
charge that most of the Teamster
convention delegates were illegally
* * *
REPERCUSSION No. 4: The
Senate Rackets Committee will
now take off the kid gloves and
pummel Hoffa with all it's got.
It will cross-examine Hoffa about
certain deals, such as the use of
union money to buy lots in Florida
to sell to union members. The
Committee will also try, to put
enough evidence in the record to
prove that Hoffa was illegally
elected. The Committee believes
75 per cent of the delegates can be
(Copyright 1957 by Bell Syndicate Inc.)
chestra, out of its accustomed pit,
was over-prominent occasionally.
"The Marriage of Figaro" does
unquestionably lend itself to a
concert performance, since all the
scenes can be kept simple, and yet
the play is not inpeded. The un-
fortunate spectators sitting on
the far left side of the hall may
not entirely agree with these
opinions, but if they will recall the
frequency with which sopranos
lose their dresses while walking
off the stage left, these seats will
seem less unbearable.
*# * *
THE VOICES of each of the
singers blended into a satisfac-
tory mixture, with no exception-
ally bad or dazzling voice spoiling
the picture. Susanna (Judith
Raskin), and the Countess (Mar-
guerite Willauer) had especially
well-matched voices; also, each
presented excellent solo passages.
Mac Morgan sang a subdued
Figaro, which seemed to match
the temperament of the rest of
the cast; no one got too excited
or rowdy, except perhaps Ruth
Walter Cassel (the Count) was
a dignified nobleman, and Regina
Sarfarty a light if not spirited
FOR THE PURPOSE of slight
compression, Acts I and II of the
original were attached into one
long first act, which ended with
Figaro's famous aria "Non Piu
During the occasional intermis-
sions and scene shifts, a couple of
stagehands dressed in traditional
18th cent'ury elegant costumes,
moved the props about to the
giggles of a few provincials in the
audience who reserve their
thoughtful moments for Manto-
But the opera continued for two
more reasonably uncut acts, still
of excellent quality, ending in a
grand finale of the best sort.
The NBC Opera Company must
be congratulated upon bringing a
much-needed dash of Mozart into
our lives. One only regrets not
hearing their performances of
"Traviata" and "Madame Butter-
fly, also in the current tour.
(Editor's Note: Letters to the Edi-
tor must be signed, in good taste, ad
not more than 300 words in length.
The Daily reserves the right to edit
or withhold letters from publication.)
Preaching? . .
To the Editor:
READ Mr Elsman's column "To
Our Guests from Georgia" in
Saturday's Daily. He discussed
with, deep feeling some of the is-
sues about which most Americans
in both the North and the South
are feeling deeply these days. I,
too, have strong feelings about
the issues he raised.
I wish those words had not been
printed. I think that "Our Guess
from Georgia" should have been
allowed to view Michigan and de-
cide whether or not they feel our
treatment of the Negro is superior
to their treatment of him, with-
out being told publicly in the stu-
dent newspaper that we are do-
ing a better job than they are.
I think that if we really had the
respect for Christian principles,
American ideals, and human
brotherhood which Mr. Elsman's
article implies we have, that we
would not make their visit an op-
portunity to preach Christian eth-
ics and American ideals to them.
I believe that we could learn a
great deal from our fellow-stu-
dents from Georgia about the art
Linda Reck, Grad., SM
Plymouth Rock ...
To the Editor:
WITH GREAT disappointment I
read a "Letter to the Editor"
in Sunday's Daily from a Gordon
Black, Grad. I venture to say that
Mr. Black's opinion falls far short
of being typical of Michigan atti-
Unfortunately, for the younger
AT THE STATE:
"JET PILOT," the film now ap-
pearing at the State Theater
is one of the most amazing movies
ever presented to the American or
any other public. There has never
been another film like it and it's
highly unlikely that anyone in
Hollywood will endeavor to con-
coct its likeness in the future.
The producers boast that it
took four years before they dared
release it. Stephen Bochen, a Uni-
versity students who was in Cali-
fornia this summer and had the
opportunity of speaking with pro-
ducer Jules Furthman, said it took
four years to work up enough
courage. Furthman smiled.
BUT MORE of the uniqueness.
The movie is actually absurd; dia-
logue, sequence of events, and
plot, are impossible. Yet, like so
many other things, "Jet Pilot"
manages to move along quite ef-
fectively within the vast limits
The movie must be taken as a
fairy tale, pure and simple, and
once one accepts this fa'ct, the
film becomes quite enjoyable.
The photography is excellent.
The better part of the movie takes
place in the air, and the camera
work is quite unusual. The shots
are, for the most part, vivid and
realistic. The effects that have
been captured are extraordinary.
Actual flights of United States
jet pilots are recorded. Hollywood
has made a definite point of im-
pressing this fact on the viewer.
In part, the movie is an adver-
tisement for the United States Air
* * *
I MENTIONED that the dia-
logue is ridiculous and this is true.
However the humorous scenes,
and there are many, are very good
and glibly executed by John
Wayne, who handles the comic
part surprisingly well.
Wayne carries the film. He is
his usual phlegmatic, heroic self.
Unlike many other actors, Mr.
Wayne seems to make no effort
and yet achieves a maximum re-
Playing opposite Wayne is
Janet Leigh. She tries a bit hard-
er and gets quite a bit less. How-
ever, she possesses the quality
that her role requires - a sound
"Jet Pilot" is the first movie
that unabashedly shows the con-
flict between Russia and the
United States. It is worth seeing
the movie just to see the expert
manner in which this situation
has been handled.
For all its diversity, "Jet Pilot"
remains a miserable yet enjoyable
film. The screeching of jets is
bound to give you a headache but
then again, so might your room-
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the Univer-
sity of Michigan for which th
Michigan Daily assumes no edi-
torial responsibility. Notices should
be sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Build-
ing, before 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
TUESDAY, OCTOBER 8, 1957
VOL. LXVIII( NO. 18
Marshall Scholarships. Information
and application forms on the Mar-
shall Scholarship program may be ob-
tained at the Scholarship Division, Of-
fice of Student Affairs, 2011 Student
Activities Building. Applications must
be filed by Oct. 15. This program is
open to application by those who wish
to do graduate study in the 'United
Late Permission: Women students
who attended the concert at Hill Audi-
torium on Thurs., Oct. 3, had late per-
mission until 10:55 p.m.
The first of the Thomas Spencer.
Jerome Lectures for 1957 will be de-
livered under the auspices of the Uni-
Undergraduate Library Proctors
E PROPOSED plan to have proctors walk-
ing about the undergraduate library study
halls in order to answer students' questions
seems to be a childish notion rather than the
plan of University instructors and students.
The purpose of a library study hall is to
provide the students with a comparatively quiet
place for studying-something rarely found in
student residence halls. However, with several
proctors walking up and down the aisles and
answering questions, the decorum usually at-
tributed to a library would be destroyed.
-It can hardly be expected that a few proctors
would have a working knowledge of enough
subjects to answer all the students' questions.
Thus, a need for specialized proctors would be
created and eventually there would have to be
almost more proctors than students in the
library; one couldn't tell beforehand what
questions would arise on what nights. As a
result, the quiet libraries would turn into mass
THERE ARE a great number of places where
a stident can go to find the answers to his
questions without resorting to the use of proc-
tors. Discussion periods for most classes are
designated for precisely this purpose.
Campus libraries are packed with reference
books on all subjects to which students can
refer during study hall hours. By the time a
student reaches thie college level, he is expected
to have the initiative to find the answers to his
questions either by the use of the libraries or
by using discussion periods.
If there appears to be a need for a type of
proctors to answer student questions-a room
in the new library could be designated as a
proctor's room where students could go for help.
In this way the study halls would not be
disrupted by unnecessary talk and some decor-
um could be maintained. In this way the
proctor would not need a complete knowledge
of all subjects, but he could direct the student
to the correct reference books.
A proctor room, rather than disturbing noise
in 'the study halls, would eliminate unnecessary
confusion and would solve what officials seem to
think is one of the many student problems.
THE CULTURE BIT:
A Club for the Cool Ones
By DAVID NEWMAN
A SILENT BATTLE is raging on campus.
Determined bicyclists are waging an unre-
lenting war against equally determined student-
pedestrians. The two main fields of battle at the
present time are the entrances to the Main
Library and Mason Hall.
Every morning and afternoon, the two fac-
tions engage in nerve-wracking combat. Agile
students dodge and dart between the hundreds
of bicycles in an effort to reach their destina-
The usual dim of the battlefield is absent. The
scuffling of hurried feet, an occasional crash
of a bicycle and a few mumbled curses are the
only sounds heard as a pedestrian succumbs to
one of the two-wheeled conveyances.
TPHE BICYCLISTS seem to be winning. With
defeat. They venture into the maze of bikes
with well-placed steps and, in their minds, the
hope of safely reaching their destination. Vic-
tbry is measured in yards gained and minutes
Sidewalks, once the sole possession of pedes-
trians, are now being claimed by the never
ending puzzle of bicycles. Their onslaught does
not stop with the sidewalks. The encroaching
velocipedes even challenge students lounging
on the lawns to stop their advance.
Each year, increasing enrollments and an
expanding campus add new members to the
bicyclists' ranks. The University has intervened
by installing additional racks to accommodate
the tremendous increase. These still could not
satisfy the advancing bicycles.
a rI IM *M~rTPTTT ; - s-.nhii ,.tr -.i
DO YOU think this University
is deficient because it lacks a
student jazz club? The problem
may not give you any sleepless
nights, but it has fairly gripped
one Bill Hoff a, and he intends to
do something about it. This some-
thing is the Modern Jazz Society,
a brand new organization with
the ink still wet on its SGC char-
Hoffa, a second semester fresh-
man from Detroit (and no rela-
tion to the Teamsters Union Pres-
ident, he was anxious to point
out) was all shook up when he re-
alized there was no cool club here.
"When I first came up," he said
"I'd heard of different campuses
having jazz societies. Even M.S.U.
has one. I figured Michigan would
certainly have a group since there
seems to be so much interest
He offered the Brubeck "Jazz
Goes to College" album (recorded
here) and the Chet Baker "Jazz
at Ann Arbor" as evidence that
this is a swinging town.
TOURING the rooms of quad-
rangles he heard recorded jazz is-
suing from room after room, and
jam sessions going on in the
lounges. All this, says Hoffa, can
be consolidated into a society that
will offer more than just an ex-
Since Hoffa is a fellow with his
own ideas, the club will exclude
the moldy fig, or Dixieland afi-
cianado. Why this stricture?
"I've found," explained the am-
bitious officer, "that most people
here are interested in new jazz.
Our object is to learn more about
it, so that we can understand why
we dig or do not dig. I like to
listen to Dixie at times, but
there's' nothing new happening
with it now. It was a very impor-
tant building block, but it's had
Having alienataed all New Or-
leans buffs, Hoffa still feels there
will be a lot of interest. To furth-
er kindle this interest, the Modern
Jazz Society has exciting plans in
To build up the revenue, the
club will sponsor jazz concerts by
local groups, among them the
Dick Tilkin quartet. All of this is
leading to the Big Thing - a jazz
concert featuring famous musl-
cians. It's a bit too early for the
club to be very definite on these
ANOTHER attractive incentive
will be trips to Detroit jazz clubs.
"We have a deal," Hoffa said with
some glee, "with the owners of
the Rouge Lounge. We will be
able to hear Sunday jazz concerts
probably speak at this Sunday's
Hoffa makes no claims to be an
expert, but his philosophy might
well serve as the basis for the
Modern Jazz Society. "By hearing
and discussing," he says, "you
will learn. Maybe you'll learn you
don't like jazz, but at least you'll
* * *
That odd conglomeration of en-
tertainers known as Varsity Night
will be even odder this year than
usual, according to reports. Spon-
sored by the University Bands,
Varsity Night goes on the boards
this Friday night at Hill Audi-
The lineup is weird enough to
give everybody, pause, but inter-
esting enough to give most people
a pleasant, entertaining night.
* * *
A GLANCE at the competing
student acts may cause you to
marvel at the typesofetalent on
campus. Of course there are the
more orthodox types of entertan-
ment - Baritone Bill Warren will
sing show tunes, Mezzo-Soprano
Anita Hovie will render a "Car-
ousel" medley and L. Gail Allen
will turn a few popular numbers.
But the rest of the entertainment
is unusual to say the least.
John Christie will lead a 14