p Altgan BaIty
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Vhen Opinions Are Free
Truth Will Prevail"
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily exp ress the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
'URDAY. OCTOBER 5, 1957 NIGHT EDITOR: JOHN WEICHER
From the Ashes of Hiroshima and
Nagasaki,. A Democratic Bastion
JAPAN'S recent election to the United Nations
Security Council has capped its rise from a
defeated nation at the close of World War II,
to its present position as a world power.
Japan's rising influence in world affairs is due
both to its vaulting economy and to its political
position in the cold war.
The political Tebirth of the Japanese state
can be traced in large measure through Ameri-
can policy toward the defeated enemy. At the
close of World War II, American policy was
based on a natural apprehension that Japan
might again rise against the United States if
her full powers were returned to her. Democracy
was introduced into the Japanese political
system by the American occupation forces, but
little thought was given to rebuilding the
nation into a full-fledged world power.
With the rise of the Chinese communists,
however, the United States began to look toward
Japan as a strong democratic ally to counter-
balance the communist influences in the Far
East. And with the yorean War it was realized
that Japan could serve as a strong base for
the West in case of further conflicts in the area.
THE ALLIED occupation of Japan ended in
1951 with the treaty of San Francisco, which
contained a clause which forbids Japan to
maintain armed forces This clause, too, is a
carryover from the world war and stems from
allied distrust. The necessity of having a strong
Far Eastern ally, however, has led the free
nations to permit limited Japanese rearmament
in the form of Police Reserves and ground
After gaining complete sovereignty in 1951,
Japan continued the program of democratiza-
tion begun in the allied occupation and main-
tained a pro-Western foreign policy. This policy
was summed up by former foreign minister
Shigemitsu in an address to the Japanese Diet
in 1955. The cardinal principles, he said, were
"to pursue a policy of peace, keyed to the
basic principles of cooperation with free and
democratic nations" and "to place special em-
phasis on economic diplomacy."
By continuing this pro-Western policy of
peace and cooperation with the West, Japan
regained much of her lost respectability and
with this gained much power to counterbalance
The nations who were in danger of Japanese
attack during the war, Australia and New Zea-
land particularly, have trusted Japan with
increasing confidence since it has shown it
can run an effpctive democracy.
After the war, too, Japan's industry was
either destroyed, or if not, was obsolete from
war production. With a great economic resur-
gence during and since the occupation, the
Japanese have built their industry into the
most advanced of the Far East. With this eco-
tiomic advancement has come an increasing
influence in world economics, and in turn, in
THUS WITH regained prestige and increasing
economic power, and with the inevitability
of military build-up, the Japanese have re-
gained both the confidence and respect of the
free world. They have become a power with
which to reckon, a valuable ally vhich Western
nations will go far to keep. The election of
Japan to the Security Council was merely
recognition of the position which Japan has
built for itself.
The fact that this ally, which has been a
member of the UN for less than a year, has
obtained such a position of power and recogni-
tion from the other member nations should
speak for itself as to Japan's Importance,
This election has upset a Security Council
tradition which also bears noting, namely the
allotment of one seat to the Far East and the
removal of this same seat from the sphere of
Soviet East Europe. This Itecognizes that the
Far East has come of age in world affairs, and
that Japan, being the best-grounded of the free
nations fo the area, has a new sphere in which
to provide leadership.
Japan, with her new-found democracy and
prestige, we hope will meet the challenge and
heavy responsibilities of world power, and, with
firming of democratic ideas and economic
progress, serve as an ideal for the Far East.
Be An SGC Candidate
STUDENT GOVERNMENT Council will hold
its first election candidate's training meet-
Five Council positions will be on the block
when elections take place in November.
This is your opportunity. You've been com-
plaining about some of the Council's decisions.
You don't like the calibre or perhaps the intelli-
gence of the people who now serve on SGC.
And perhaps you think the Council wastes too
much time on trivia.
Well . , . then all you have to do is run
for the Council. There's a chance you might be
elected, and even if you aren't, you'll provide
competition to make better winning candidates.
For the past several elections, an abominably
small number of people have run for the
Council. This becomes even worse when one
considers the size of the University.
If the Student Government Council is to be
a strong, valuable body, a large number of
students must participate.
In other.words, why don't you run?
"How Can You Doubt My Good Intentions?"
trip, including several entangle-
ments with the French and nu-
merous difficulties with the can-
non. The climax of the movie is
the battle scene at Avila with
9,403 participants and the gun.
The lead actors perform their
roles with competence. Cary
Grant, as the correct British of-
ficer who gi'adually is infused
with the quiet patriotism of the
guerrillas, does a solid and a
FRANK SINATRA is in the dif-
ficult position of playing down
to a role which does not call for
his usual range of emotional
skills. He does rather well, des-
pite having suffered from an ab-
scessed tooth during the entire
Sophia Loren -- well 'what can
one say? She is the living embodi-
ment of virtually every American
requirement of womanly dimen-
sions and then some. Her Fla-
menca number is little short of
But the real star of the movie is
not one of the human actors, but,
rather, the gun. While each of
the principals has one stand-in,
the gun, like Lassie, has no less
Further, the cannon is a star
that can register a wide range of
moods. It is both awesome and ca-
pricious as it escapes the guerril-
las, plunges down a hill, cuts a
swath through a forest and pul-
verizes a section of a fieldstone
It is stubborn as it resists the
efforts of a thousand sweating
peasants to pull it out of a mud-
flat. It is triumphant as it re-
duces the wall around Avila to
"PRIDE" is Producer Stanley
Kramer's first epic. His self-ad-
mitted purpose in making this
movie was to tell a story in which
the more selfish human emotions
were secondary to "things."
The "things" being an altru-
istic,non-flag waving patriotism
and the gun. The viewer is invited
to keep this in mind while watch-
ing the movie.
Kramer also brought to bear in
this picture his reputed demand
for realism. All of the shooting
was done in Spain. None of the
shots were made on sets. The
Spanish government cooperated
to the fullest, short of allowing
medieval bridges and walls to be
To film the latter two events,
the special effects men did a job
which will defy the most percep-
tive eye in the audience.
Finally, the cannon itself is the
product of careful research by a
whole corps of armament experts.
* * *
THE strangest thing about the
whole movie is that it is not doing
too well financially. While the
repeated cannon dragging se-
quences can get boring and the
elevation of "things" may seem
foreign, it is nonetheless a picture
with entertainment qualities for
virtually every viewing taste.
It has highly realistic action, a
love story, beautiful scenery, and
flamenca music. These elements
are all put together with classic
It is an epic, but it is an epic
that is not weighted down by its
sheer size. It is one of this year's
AT THE MICHIGAN:
'Pride and the Passion'
---A Realistic Epic
'THE PRIDE AND THE PASSION" is the story of the ultimate
weapon in the Spain of 1810.
The episode takes place during the period of occupation by Napo-
leon's army. Anthony Trumbull (Cary Grant), a spit-'n-polish British
Navy officer, is ordered to Spain to find a giant cannon which was
ditched by the rapidly retreating Spanish Army.
His search leads him to a guerrilla band led by an illiterate
shoemaker named Miguel (Frank Sinatra) and Juana (Sophia Loren),
his mistress. The three agree to combine their particular skills hi
order to resurrect the gun.
Having completed this task successfully, Trumbull is told that
the gun will not be taken to the coast as the British Navy desires,
but instead will be hauled across a thousand miles of Spanish scenery
to relieve the city of Avila. The remainder of the picture records the
Interview with Ben-Gurion
By DREW PEARSON
TEL AVIV - In order to see
what could be done to bridge
the valley of hate between the
Arabs and Israel, I went to see
the Prime Minister of Israel, Da-
vid Ben-Gurion. I found him at
the Hotel Sharon, where he was
spending a few days bathing in
Mrs. Ben-Gurion, who was
raised in Brooklyn and whom ev-
eryone in Israel calls by her first
name, "Paula," met me in the ho-
"You want to see the old man?"
she said, and escorted me into his
room. It wa-s the same hotel room
I had occupied last year. The
Prime Minister, now 71, did not
look old. He had been doing yoga
exercises on the beach and at that
moment was reading a thick vol-
ume of Greek philosophy as part
of his vacation relaxation.
BEN-GURION was, interested in
the fact that I had been to Syria
and peppered me with questions.
At one point, I interrupted the
questions to remark dead-pan:
"How are you getting along with
your plan to marry Mrs. Golda
Meir to King Hussein of Jordan?"
Mrs. Meir, unsmiling dignity.
The King, a notorious playboy
and ladies' man, is 23.
"Where did you hear that?"
gasped the astonished Prime Min-
"It's all over the Arab world," I
replied, still dead-pan, "That
you're trying to make peace with
the Arabs by playing ,cupid for
King Hussein and Mrs. Meir. I'm
planning to write a big story on
"But the King is still married,"
shot back Ben-Gurion, catching
the joke and breaking into one of
his broad, contagious grins.
The rest of the interview was
deadly serious. Reporting on my
trip through the Arab states, I
told Ben-Gurion that every Arab
leader I met raised the refugee
problem, and everyone also ex-
pressed genuine fear of the Israeli
Army. They seemed to feel the Is-
raeli Army was endowed with
either divine or satanic strength.
"Are you sure it is fear?" Ben-
Gurion replied. "I think it is also
the desire to destroy Israel. They
use the excuse of fear to nurture
the desire to destroy us.
"If they are afraid, then why
don't they sit down with us and
negotiate a non-aggression pact?"
he continued. "Let us have a
treaty of friendship and peace. We
are ready at any time."
I told Ben-Gurion that while
extremist Arabs would never rest
until Israel was destroyed, I had
met more moderate Arabs who
knew Israel was here to stay,
They felt that if he made the
gesture of letting the refugees
come back, only a handful would
* * *
"OUR whole problem," he said,
"Is migration. We are working to
take care of people from all over
the world, and I am afraid we
shall have to take care of many
"There are three million Jews
in Russia and if Russia opens her
doors to let them depart, I have
reason to believe that one-half
of them would want to come out.
What we will do with them I do
not know, but we shall manage.
We have managed in the past and
we shall manage again.
"If Israel ever ceases taking in
immigrants, then our reason for
being ceases. People migrate to
the United States to better them-
selves. They migrate here because
they want to live in Israel.
"We could become self-support-
ing in a few years if we cut off
immigration. But if we cut off
the people who want to come
here, we lose our reason for be-
It was plain from Ben-Gurion's
answer that Israel would be too
crowded to handle Arab refugees.
We talked at great length of
the problems of the Near East,
much of it off the record. As I
was about to leave, I asked:
"What is Israel's g r e a t e s t
achievement during the past
"The Sinai Campaign and im-
migration," Ben-Gurion replied.
"We have won new security and
freedom from attack; and we
have taken in new immigrants
from Europe and Egypt. We have
housed them, settled them on the
land. We are pushing ahead in the
Negev (He referred to the south-
ern desert which is being irri-
gated). We are bringing our ships
to Elath. We are laying a pipeline
across the desert.I
"These things we have done,
They have not been easy,but we
have done them."
"LAST YEAR when I was here,"
I reminded Ben-Gurion, "I pre-
dicted war between Israel and
Egypt with France and England
coming in and Russia and the
United States staying out. What
would you advise me to predict
"Peace," replied the Prime Min-
ister without hesitation, "- As
far as Israel is concerned."
I would agree with "that predic-
tion - as far as Israel is con-
cerned. But Israel alone does not
control the peace of the Near
East. And, judging from the tem-
per of the Arab states, especially
Syria, I fear that Ben-Gurion
may be a modern-day Moses.
Like the prophet who led the
people of Israel back within sight
of the Promised Land but never
enjoyed the privilege of getting
there himself, Ben-Gurion has
settled the people of Israel on a
but may not live to see peace in
new, revitalized promised land,
the land which he has settled.
(Copyright 1957 by Bell Syndicate Inc.)
AT THE CAMPUS
'Rising of the Moon
"THE RISING OF THE MOON," John Ford's Irish trilogy currently
showing at the Campus theater, is one of the best multi-story
movies produced in the last several years. Filmed in Ireland and acted
by the Abbey theater players, the picture is thoroughly good enter-
tainment and at times attains a quiet sort of perfection seldom found
in the ordinary Hollywood production.
The quality of the stories in the film is not entirely consistent.
The first tale, for instance, occassionally verges on incomprehensi-
To Our Guests fronr Georgia:
W ELCOME to a football Se
Arbor. Though you most
game today and divert your.
long week's study, we hope
time for some ,contemplation
of America you are visiting.
all live in the same nation,
underpinnings of the United
be divergently defined by us.
We know this: If we were b
game in Georgia, two or thr
members could not make th
they are Negro. Also, Negro s
be segregated in the stand
understand the historical root
tion, we cannot understand i
believing it to be contrary to
rules of fair play, Christ's ethi
lowed tradition of reverencec
can base our position on no
In all candor, we believe your
sistent with anything worthyc
to avoid hypocrisy we must co
tions have far from reached
this far above the Mason-Dix
All-American Negro halfbacka
man are both received warmly1
PETER ECKSTEIN, Ed
JAMES ELSMAN, JR. VERNO
DONNA HANSON .................
TAU4MY MORRISON ...............
EDWARD GERULDSEN .. .Associate
WILLIAM HANEY ...................
ROSE PERLBERG ................
CAROL PRINS ...........AssociateF
JAMES BAAD .....................
BRUCE BENNETT ............Assoc
JOHN HILLYER .............Asso
CHARLES CURTISS .............C
By JAMES ELSMAN JR.
nity in the classroom, in restaurants, barber
aturday in Ann shops, stores and transportation depots, in the
want to see a churches and on the gridiron, they still are
minds from the subjected to contempt from landlords and may
you will spare not live in many fraternities with their fellow
about this area gridders. Also, to a great extent, the northern
For though we Negro, still works at the poorer paying jobs.
the theoretical Last, race relations in the large cities here
States seem to are hardly a monument to good will.
UT WHILE we have not attained the ideal,
to play a return we do recognize it, know our duty and are
ee of our team making progress in fast bounds.
e trip because As you may have heard, there was consider-
pectators would able objection in this state to the University
Is. Though we playing Georgia -- objection based on prin-
s of this situa- ciple. We are not sure what that principle is
ts perpetuation, exactly, but we are glad more understanding
the democratic minds prevailed and said the cancellation of
cs and our hal- the game would contribute nothing positive to
of the law. We the situation. The University's position was ar-
thing else and ticulated in a statement observing it would
be "educationally sound to bring young citi-
position incon- zens of a Southern state to Michigan to play
of America. But in an athletic contest with our teams on which
nfess race rela- -Negro and white players are accorded positions
the ideal even on the basis of merit alone, without regard
on. Though our to race or religion."
an~d stellar line- This reflects the University's belief that the
by this commu- public integration of the races is not an at-
tainment reached through bayonets and in-
junctions, but a situation finding final ac-
*4 4 ceptance in the minds of those concerned. In
7 this respect, we hope your stay here will be
"educational" in a direction we presume to be
the right way. One is tempted at this moment
ditor to quote passages from our Declaration of In-
ON NAHRGANG dependence, the Constitution, Lincoln's ad-
City Editor dresses or the Bible, so that some of the soul-
Personnel Director music which buttresses the American way
..Magazine Editor could reach your minds, though surely your
Editorial Director trained minds have heard such, but perhaps
..Activities Editor never passed it on to your hearts. Better yet,
Personnel Director we hope you weigh carefully the meaning of
Sports Editor each word in "The Star Spangled Banner" as
,late Sports Editor
ciate Sports Editor we sing it this afternoon and perhaps we all
hief Photographer should ask ourselves if we are worthy of the
INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
Syria Disclaims Russian Control
bility, while the second, a comedy,
ence that it is funny. The re-
markable final effect of the film
is due not to the individual stories,
however, but rather to the pro-
priety of their production.
The medium is peculiarly ap-
propriate to the works chosen,
and no attempt is made to trans-
form these tales into something
they are no by means of elabor-
ate musical background or over-
THE FIRST story, "The Majes-
ty of the Law," is an adaptation
of a Frank O'Connor short story
and a very good one. An old man,
the idol of a tiny Irish village, re-
fuses to pay afine for knocking
an old enemy down and sets off
for prison instead, against every-,
one's wishes but his own.
The tale is full of amazing old
reprobates who distill moonshine
in national monuments, but its
real humor is in dialect and is
often difficult to understand. For-
tunately, the brogue becomes
somewhat less thick as the film
progresses, and the meaning be-
hind the action is, at the end,
The second tale is the comical
one of the group. Entitled, "A Mo-
ment's Wait," it portrays the con-
fusion that ensues on a railroad
platform when the train comes in
for a brief stop.
The conductor and the station
manager become more and more
irate as one incident after anoth-
er delays their train, while the
passengers, overjoyed at a chance
for refreshment, leap in and out
of the cars at the slightest provo-
cation. The action is funny, but
soon becomes tedious.
THE FINAL story is by far the
most outstanding. A tale of the
Black and Tan rebellion in 1921,
MOST DEMOCRATIC leaders
are sure Governor Faubus' use
fails to really convince the audi-
it is based upon Lady Gregory's
play, "The Rising of the Moon."
The escape of an Irish patriot
through the streets of Dublin
gives many individuals the op-
portunity to show their latent de-
votion to the Free State ideals,
even while in the enforced serv-
ice of an antagonistic govern-
This story is intrinsically the
most interestjng and is the vehi-
cle for much fine interpretive act-
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the Univer-
sity of Michigan for which the
Michigan Daily' assumes no edi-
torial responsibility. Notices should
be sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Build-
ing, before 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
SATURDAY, OCTOBER 5, 1957
VOL. LXVIII, NO. 16
state of the University Address.
President Hatcher will deliver his
"State of the University" address Mon.,
Oct. 7, at 8:00 p.m. in the Rackhant
Lecture Hall. The Distinguished Fac-
ulty Achievement Awards will be pre-
sented at this meeting. Following the
address the audience is invited to at-
tend an informal reception at the
Michigan League Ballroom.
Blue Cross Group Hospitalization,
Medical and Surgical Service Programs
for staff members will be open from
Oct. 7 through Oct. 18, 1957, for new
applications and changes in contracts
now in effect. Staff members who wish
to include surgical and medical serv-
ices should make such changes in the
Personnel Office, Room 1020, Admin-
istration Building. New applications
and changes will be effective Dec. 5,
with the first payment deduction on
Nov. 30. After Oct. 18, no new applica-
tions or changes can be accepted until
By WILLIAM L. RYAN
Associated Press Foreign News Analyst
DAMASCUS, Syria - The Rus-
sians, apxious to avoid giving
the slightest cause for fright, ap-
parently have administered a re-
buke to the Communist leader in
Signs of conflict between the
BAATH, Arab Social Resurrection
party, and the Communists arose
Sduring the summer. The Damascus
Arab language press says Akram
Hourani, the BAATH leader, men-
tioned in the presence of Khaled
Bagdash, Communist leader, that
the Communists were a negligible
factor in Syria. Bagdash flared
F and retorted: "We'll soon show
you how strong we are."
SINCE THEN Bagdash has been
to Moscow. Usually when he re-
turns from such junkets, the Com-
the Russians-"It depends on us,
all the Arabs."
This typifies the feeling here
that Syria can cooperate with the
Soviet government without having
anything to do with Soviet ideol-
ogy. The Russians try to foster
this idea. The Soviet display at
the Damascus international fair
is impressive, ranging from trac-
tors and heavy machinery to an
outdoor color movie of the joys of
The Russians have attuned
themselves to Arab psychology and
are treating Syria as an.important
nation. Syria's leaders respond
with gratitude to the Russians and
rising attacks on the United States.
* * *
THE STRONGEST single per-
sonality in the regime, Lt. Col.
Abdul Hamid Serraj, seems to be
anti-Communist as well as anti-
In the revised six-year-plan,
originally drawn up in 1954, Syria
is undertaking some expensive pro-
jects. She has undertaken to pay
54 million Syrian pounds (the
pound is rated at three and one-
,half to the dollar) for an oil refin-
ery to be built by the Czechs.
The projected Latakia-Gezira
railroad will cost about 550 million,
even without a planned hydroelec-
tric station. This indicates upped
taxes and a strain on the business
* * *
SYRIA DEPENDS on imports.
She has little industry of her own
outside textiles, glass and cement.
There is no coal and little iron for
a heavy industry. The customers
for her products and the sources
of her imports are in the West.
The cost of living has been rela-
tivelv easy in the past few years.