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October 02, 1957 - Image 4

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Michigan Daily, 1957-10-02

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"I've 'Got A Good Mind To Cut You Adrift."

k

Sixty-Eighth Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BYS TUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MIcHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241

Nhen Opinions Are Free
Truth Will Prevail"

AT THE CAMPUS:
'The Third Ke
Exciting, Enjoyable
TIRED MOVIE makers have always found the inspiration of Scot-
land Yard to be just about as dependable as that of the Old West
and the Old Testament. Best of all would be a movie about Sherlock
Holmes chasing Moses in a ten-gallon hat.
"The Third Key," a British-made thriller that really thrills, is an
unusual example of how all the classic (i.e., hackneyed) techniques
can be used to achieve something that is still enjoyable and, surprising-
ly enough, exciting.
It's a cops-and-robbers picture with very little violence and no
sociological overtones whatsoever. The currently popular documentary

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

Y, OCTOBER 2, 1957

NIGHT EDITOR: THOMAS BLUES

n -._.. _.___

National Fraternities Allow
Little Local Autonomy

WITH "rushing" in full swing and fraternity
men willing to answer any question regard-
ing their respective houses, perhaps now would
be the opportune time for prospective pledges
to inquire a little deeper into the question of
"Who decides the policy of each fraternity
chapter?"
Answers will vary. Some actives will honestly
say they don't know. Others will indignantly
declare, "We do-the members of each indi-
vidual house." Still others will take a different
attitude and admit that fraternity policies and
rules of conduct are formulated by the chap-
ter's national council.
The last reply is the one nearest the truth.
Each national council holds in its grasp the
power of life and death over their chapters.
It is they who decide what chapter is to remain
in the national organization and what chapter
is to be suspended-for failure to observe the
national council's code 'of behavior. In effect,
each fraternity and fraternity-member is held
An ditoriala *a
The formal dedication of the Mott
Memorial Building today symbolizes
the opening of The University of
Michigan at Flint as a full senior
college. We join the entire Ann
Arbor campus in welcoming the
members of the Flint campus as full-
fledged members of the University
community.
In establishing a senior college at
Flint, University officials and the
citizens of Flint, especially Charles
S. Mott, are helping to foster an
important trend in Michigan educa-
tion. Not only is a less expensive
means being provided for the people
of the Flint area to benefit from what

accountable to this supreme body for their
actions and what is more important, the men
they pledge.
Theta Xi exercised this control last summer
when the Grand Lodge, the interim governing
board of .the fraternity, decided to suspend
their chapter at Amherst College. Phi Gamma
Delta, another national fraternity, had previ-
ously refused their chapter at the same college
the right to initiate new members. It seems
both had pledged Negroes.
BOTH FRATERNITIES had desired to have
the Negroes in their brotherhood, but due
to the wishes of their national councils, were
banished for their action. This, dictated the
national councils, was not in keeping with
fraternity'rules of conduct.
Of course, the national council does not
directly state that no chapter can take the
initiative and pledge an individual that is not
of the national body's liking. Rather, they
expel the local chapter on grounds of "incom-
patibility to the entire fraternity." This was
the case of Amherst's chapter of Phi Gamma
Delta.
Theta Xi approached the problem in a differ-
ent manner. The Grand Lodge reasoned that
fraternity environment at Amherst was not
conducive to strong chapters, and that the
local there had not been living up to fraternity
ritual.
Both explanations do not give the underlying
reason for expulsion and serve only to illustrate
the national council's tremendous power. But
weak as the reason may be, local chapters
continue to comply with their national head-
quarter's wishes. They are faced with two alter-
natives: obey the national council or suffer
the fate of the chapters in question.
THIS SITUATION could conceivably arise
here at the University. If it did, the frater-
nity might be faced with another alternative--
expulsion from the University. The fraternity
could be forced into an unusual situation. The
members could vote to remain under the juris-
diction of the national headquarters and then
face charges of bias and possible expulsion by
the University.
Another solution would'be for the fraternity
to declare themselves no longer under the juris-
diction of the national council and then declare
their local chapter free from unwritten bias
clauses. The latter solution would result in
an autonomous fraternity-free from national
control and influence.
Rushees are unwittingly obligating, them-
selves to obey and follow the dictates of their
national council. An organization mainly com-
posed of full-time, professional people-men
who he has never seen and probably never will
see. A close, friendly brotherhood of men allows
for some amount of self-determination. A huge
organization, headed by all-powerful, never-
yielding individuals, allows for none.
-BARTON HUTHWAITE

WASHINGTON MERRY-GO-ROUND:
U.S. Losing Out in Near East
By DREW PEARSON

BEIRUT, Lebanon - A trip
through the Arab states leaves
you with the depressed feeling that
what happened to the United
States in China is now happening
in the Near East. The Arab world,
once the great friend of America,
is slipping, through clumsy diplo-
matic fingers.
There are three reasons for this:
1) We have staked our policies
on the kings of the Arab world, at
a time when the restless masses
are ready to relegate royalty to
the limbo of forgotten things.
Actually, we haven't much else to
rely on. If King Feisal of Iraq,
King Hussein of Jordan and King
Saud of Saudi Arabia go, there is
no one else in the Arab world ex-
cept President Chammon of Leb-
anon who will stand up for us.
The old order is going, yet we have
no friends in the new.
* * *
2. WE HAVE zig-zagged with
such haphazard policies that even
our best friends never know quite
where we are. We urged the British
to get out of Suez before they had
any guarantees from Nasser. We
offered Nasser the Aswan Dam,
then pulled it away from him.
later rescued him from the British
and French at Suez. We blasted
Syria, then modified our stand
toward Syria. Loy Henderson,
Dulles's special envoy, refused to
see the foreign minister of Syria

but now Dulles says he'll be glad
to see the same foreign minister.
3. After undermining the Brit-
ish position in the Near East and
thereby causing a power vacuum,
we have done nothing to fill that
vacuum.
Distances are short in the Near
East. The'whole area isn't much
bigger than New York state and
New England.
In this close juxtaposition of
suspicious peoples, what your
neighbor does a few miles away
sends political tremors through
the streets of every capital inthe
Near East.
Up in Damascus, 60 miles from
Beirut, the Syrians have had the
jitters over a Turkish attack. This
was the chief backstage reason for
the sudden, unexpected visit of
King Saud and the big Arab show
of solidarity last week.
The State Department has also
had a certain amount of jitters
over Turkey, which is one reason
John Foster Dulles reversed State
Department policy and began to
unbend a bit toward Syria. The
State Department fears that any
attack on Syria by Turkey would
bring Russian intervention and
touch off World War III.
* * *
REAL FACT is that Turkish
Ambassador Esin's speech in the
UN, warning of Communist arms
in Syria had much more behind
it than appeared on the surface.

The Turks face exactly what Israel
faced last summer when a tremen-
dous flow of Russian arms was pil-
ing up on the Egyptian-Israeli bor-
der. Fearful of what would happen
once Russian "volunteers" used
those arms or trained Egyptians to
use them, Israel attacked.
* * *
ACTUALLY, Saud is 'just as
much worried about Russian pene-
tration of Syria as the United
States. But his hatred of Israel is
greater than his fear of Russia.
And any disunity among the Arab
states, he figures, would only play
into the hands of Israel.
So he went to Damascus, where,
at a state dinner under the flags
of all the Arab states, he and Pre-
mier Ali Jawdat of Iraq made it
clear there was complete Arab
unity.
"I deplore every aggression on
Syria and on any other Arab coun-
try from whatever source it
comes," said King Saud meaning-
fully, with one eye on Turkey and
the other on Israel..
Meanwhile, his Crown Prince
and Prime Minister advised Eisen-
hower to kiss and make up with
Syria. He told the President that
Secretary Dulles's warning about
Communism in Syria was driving
Syria deeper into Russian arms.
Syria, he said, is anxious to patch
things up with the United States
and be a friend of the West.
(Copyright 1957 by Bell Syndicate Inc.)

we trust will be the educational stand-
ards traditional to the University,
but an extreme concentration of

,I

style is used in showing how a
clever crime from its very com-
mitment right down to the final
chase scenes is investigated and
solved by the crack British police
force.
Jack Hawkins does an out-
standing job as the harassed De-
tective Superintendent Tom Hal-
liday pursuing an uncanny safe-
'cracker. He is a standard cellu-
loid type, but Hawkins succeeds
in giving him vitality.
THE GLIMPSES of Scotland
Yard in action are done in true
"Dragnet" style,. but the docu-
mentary approach fortunately is
never allowed to drown out the
drama. Even the dark recesses of
the British rogue's gallery pro-
vide a humorous setting.
Aside from the sheer excite-
ment of the mystery plot, what
really gives the film its extra
sparkle is a sense of brittle Brit-
ish humor used throughout. The
funniest scene in the picture is
an interview with a good-natured
garage mechanic named Thomas
who has reluctantly provided the
detectives with valuable informa-
tion ,leading to their criminal.
* * *
THE detectives are sure they
have found their man, a highly
skilled l c k s m i t h, only after
Thomas unwittingly explained
how one of the men on Halliday's
list was an extremely helpful
handyman. "And there was the
time Mrs. Thomas got locked in
the privy ..."
The characters in "The Third
Key" are all convincing personali-
ties, with enough problems to
make them seem real. Halliday's
understanding but neglected wife
and son, for example, show us the
other existence of t hard-boiled
detective superinten ent.
"The Third Key" sustains itself
throughout. The Campus Theatre
is fortunate in having picked up
a suitable item which can ade-
quately fill the vacuum made at
the departure of De Mille's
millions.
Beverly Gross
LETTERS
to the
EDITOR
The Last Word .
To the Editor:
THIS LE'TER is written as a
reply to that of Robert Dra4,
appearing Sept. 27 in The Daily.
I found this letter very challeng-
ing, inasmuch as it reveals a sin-
cere difference of opinion with
regard to, racial problems, from
my own, supposedly Northern
views.
I understand that the institu-
'tions of tenant farming and one
crop farming have caused serious
soil depletion, and have led to fi-
nancial depletion of the South,
and that this has affected the
poorer elements of the white pop-
ulation as well as the Negroes.
It would seem that improved
education for both races would be
the only ultimate answer to im-
proved living conditions-for only
with the basic tools of learning
can man compete successfully in
our present day society. Recent
data regarding the average edu-
cational attainment of students
in the state of Arkansas are nine
and one-half years for white stu-
dents and five and one-half years
for Negro students and this is re-
garded as high for the South.
* *
HOW IS it possible for South-
ern states to maintain two separ-
ate school systems from the eco-

nomic point of view? Wouldn't
it be feasible to provide better ed-
ucational facilities for both races
if resources and students could
be pooled?
Mr. Drake stated that the cul-
tural differences between the
Southern white population and
the Negro population are such
that a white person would not
wish his children to associate with
Negro children. I assume that he
is referring to a white person of
relatively high educational at-
tainment.
May I ask if this white person
would allow his children to asso-
ciatae with lower class children
of his own race? Yet the schools
are not segregated according to
scholastic ability, or the economic
or educational standing of the
parents.
That doctrine of Jesus - to
1 ,-.., na.. n..a+Jr .. n.. a, ,.. c y is.

DALY
OFFICIAL
BULLETIN
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the Univer
sity of Michigan for which the
Michigan Dailyaassumes no edi-
torial responsibility. Notices should
be sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Build-
ing, before 2 p.m. the day preeding
publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
VOL. LXVIII, NO. 12
WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 2, 1957
General Notices
Research Club for Language Learning
Meeting: Wed., Oct. 2, in 1401 Mason
Hall at 4:00 p.m.
Agenda, Student Government Coun-
cl, October 2, 1957. SAB, Council Room
7:30 p.m.
Minutes of the previous meeting:
amend by addition of the following in-
terim action reported at the last meet-
ing:
By mail vote: SC accepted sponsor-
ship of the voluntary health insurance
plan as set forth by American Casual-
ty Co. and authorized the chairman of
the Health Insurance Committee to
bind all contracts on behalf of the
Council.
By action of the summer Interim
committee or Office of Student Affair;
July 5, 6, 7, Indian Students' Assoc.,
Midwest Indian Students' Convention,
July 24, 1957 Men's Glee Club, Count
Basie and Orchestra, Hill Aud. 1957-5
program, Gothic Film Society, theme
"Man and Society".
By action of Executive Committee:
Calendar change, Panhellenic Show,
from, Nov. 1 to Nov. 18.
Officers' Reports: President - Cor-
respondence, Football tickets. Exe.
Vice-Pres.: Agenda, REC meeting, Lec-
ture Committee, appontments. Admin.
vice-Pres.: Undergraduate library, Of-
fice manager, appointment. Treasurer:
Financial report, Student Activitie
Board.
Committee reports: Student Activi-
ties Committee, Prospectus. Activiltes
for consideration: Oct. 5, I-Hop; Oct.
11, Pep Rally; Oct. 14, Young Repub-
licans, rally, Hill Aud., 8 p.m.; Oct. 19,
Homecoming Dance. National and In-
ternational, International Week, Con.
nie Hill, NSA Tours. Elections: Phil
Zook.
Special Committees and Boards:
Health Insurance, Campus Chest Board.
delineation of campus area.
Old and New Business.
Members and Constituents time.
Adjourn.
Marshall Scholarship Meeting: A
meeting of students Interested in the
Marshall Scholarships for graduate
study in the United Kingdom will be
held at 4:00 p.m. in Angell Hall, Aud.
C on Fri., Oct. 4. E. H. Moss, British
Consul in Detroit will be present. A
film will be shown and a tape played
to present information.
Lectures
University Lecture, auspices of the
History Department. "The British Pre
icament" by H. C. Allen, Common-
wealth Fund Professor of American
History, The University of London.
Oct. 3, 4:15 p.m. Angell Hall, Aud. A.
Concerts
Carillon Recital: Sidney Giles, Assis-
tant University Carillonneur, will con-
tinue his fall series of recitals at 7:15
p.m. Thurs., Oct. 3. Compositions for
carillon: Prelude and Fugue by Frans-
sen, Reverie by Giles, and six works
by Percival Price; arrangements for
the carillon: Liebestraum by Liszt,
Minuet by Bocherini, and The Har-
monius Blacksmith by Handel.
Academio Notices
Engineering Freshman Assembly will
be heldin theFArchitecture Auditor-
ium on Wed., Oct. 2 at 2:00 p.m. and
at 4:00 p.m. Attendance of all first
semester engineering freshmen isre-
quired.
Medical College Admission Test: Ap-
plication blanks for the Oct. 29, 1957
administration of the Medical College
Admission Test are now availableat
122 Rackham Building. Application
blanks are due in Princeton, N.J. not
later than Oct. 15, 1957.
Schools of Business Administration,
Education, Music, Natural Resources,
and Public Health:
Students who received marks of I, X or
'no reports' at the end of their last
semester or summer session of atten-
dance will receive a grade of "E" in
the course or courses unless this work

is made p. In the School of Music
this date is by Oct. 17. In the Schools
of Business Administration, Education,
Natural Resources and Public Health
this date is by Oct. 19. Students wish-
ing an extension of time beyond these
dates in order to make up this work
should file a petition, addressed to the
appropriate official of their School,
with Room 1513,Administration Build-
ing where it will be transmitted.
Engineers: "Campus Interviewing"
will be discussed by Prof. John G
Young, Assistant to the Dean of En-
gineering, at a meeting open to all en-
gineering students. Wed. and Thurs.,
Oct. 2 and 3 at 4:00 p.m. in Room 311,
West Engineering Building.
History Make-Up Examinations will
be held Sat., Oct. 5, 9-12 a.m. in Room
429, Mason Hall. Please consult your
instructor and then sign the list in
the History Office, 3601 Haven Hall.
Applied Mathematics Seminar --
Thrs., Oct. 3, at 4 p.m. in Room 246,
W. E. Prof. R. C. F. Bartels will con-

x4j

A,

F

student population at the Ann Arbor
campus is at least being postponed.
The results of each should be better
educational experiences both in Ann
Arbor and in Flint.

.1.

-THE SENIOR EDITORS

A Try At Honor

AN ALL-CAMPUS referendum on the desir-
abity of an honor system would probably
sabotage such a program before it could have
a chance.
Somehow it's difficult to convey abstract
concepts through public media, and an educa-
tion period ending next June, much less Novem-
ber 11, when the. vote would be held, seems too
short to give the honor system a fair shake.
It's much easier to say, "Why change, things
are pretty good now," than it is to answer effec-
tively, "Yes but they could be better; a new
concept of moral responsibility could be devel-
oped, and become a valuable part of your
education," or "you'll feel better without proc-
tors."
Even President Dwight D. Eisenhower, a past
master at this sort of thing, has found that
broad, abstract moral statements are not the
best *way to convince legislatures or Arkansas
governors.
Of course, SOC members can argue the whole
program. One may say an honor system will
increase moral senses of responsibility, and
-another may answer it won't. And whoever
Editorial Staff
PETER ECKSTEIN, Editor
JAMES ELSMAN, JR. VERNON NAHRGANG
Editorial Director City Editor
DONNA HANSON ..................Personnel Director
TAMMY MORRISON .................Magazine Editor
EDWARD GERULDSEN ...Associate Editorial Director
WILLIAM HANEY .....................Features Editor
ROSE PERLBERG ....................Activities Editor
CAROL PRINS ...........Associate Personnel Director
JAMES BAAr ..-.........................Sports Editor
BRUCE BENNETT ............Associate Sports Editor
JOHN HILLYERT......... ..Associate Sports Editor
CHARLES CURTISS .............. Chief Photographer

shouts loudest will win-there certainly can't
be any empirical evidence here to which one
may refer.
HOWEVER, if a referendum was taken after
an experimental year at an honor system,
students would clearly know what they were
talking about.
Evidence could be pointed out, and students
will have had the experience of living under an
honor system, something no description, no
matter how adroit, could equal.
This, perhaps, can best be demonstrated by
example here on campus. Students of the Busi-
ness Administration school, last year had an
honor system "verbally described"- to them by
a teacher whose ability as a lectuier is campus
legend.
An honor system was defeated (but barely.)
These students "heard" what' an honor system
was like, and that was all.
However, a long-established honor system
was curtailed in the engineering school during
the war. In 1949 the Engineering college held a
referendum to see whether the school wanted
a return to a comprehensive honor system.
The vote to return was overwhelming and the
school did. This situation is not unlike the
honor system study committee's experimental
program. Students had some courses under the
honor system and some with proctored exams,
They had lived with the system, were able
to make a valid comparison between the two
programs, and could "feel" the difference. They
had the experience no amount of words could
convey.
THIS, WE BELIEVE, is the only valid way to
study the desirability of an honor system.
You can collect data from campuses all over the

THE CULTURE BIT:
Inside Alpha Rho Chi House
\ By DAVID NEWMAN

WHEN I WAS a wee tyke, most
of my museum-going was
done on Sunday afternoons, so it
seemed quite right for me to re-
capture that mood last weekend.
The day was again Sunday, a
very pleasant one you will recall.
but the place far from resembled
the cloistered galleries of the old
days. It was, of all things, a fra-'
ternity house I visited, but the
purpose was to see an exhibit,
Certainly not to rush. Certainly
not that.
Alpha Rho Chi, hidden back in
the trees of Oxford Road, is an
undergraduate fraternity for stu-
dents in architecture and design.
This fact alone does not make it
meritorious, nor is it this column's
purpose to extoll the house's pos-
sible virtues. We were there sim-
ply to see an exhibit of architec-
ture and design.
* * *
TRADITIONALLY, the house
holds an exhibit every semester
to display the members' work,
showing not only a c a d e m i c
projects but interior design as
well. I asked a number of people,
including the president, how long
this sort of thing has been going
on.
"I guess it's been going on for
a long time," said one and we left
it at that. Nobody knew quite how
long.

entation of projects done by up-
perclass members.
Upstairs, it was a different
story and that takes some going
into.
It seems that every guy living
in the house is allowed to com-
pletely redecorate, refurnish and
restyle his room at the start of
the semester. As all the brothers
study in the same school, there
was a certain uniformity of style,
with the emphasis on the Modern.
Modern, to be sure - beds ele-
vated so high that one needs a
pogo stick (or something) to get
up there; in one room a mattress
casually sprawling on the floor,
sheets and innumerable "floor
lounges" - cushion-type affairs,
again on the floor, for weary lads
who would rather flop down than
climb up. Yet, the general effect
was quite pleasing.
IN EVERY ROOM, as diverse as
the furnishings might have been,
there was a great deal of space,
lots of room to move around. This
was naturally accompanied by re-
markably little in the way of extra
trappings.
I saw none of the usual lumpy
chairs, frilly bedspreads, ornate
lamps, no-parking signs, whimsi-
cal wall frescoes or empty booze
bottles. A few sparse beer steins
and an occasional water color
(modern) graced most of the

Alpha Rho Chi. Senior Carl Neil-
sen put it this way. "Most people
are not trained visually. They may-
be sensitiveuto words or sounds,
perhaps, but we are concerned
with how things look." The evi-
dence was all around me.
Although the contemporary in-
fluence prevailed, Neilsen was
quick to point out that the stu-
dents are not slaves of any artis-
tic school. "We don't think of
trends or designs," he said. "There
are no labels."
"There are no mass meetings to
plan a conformity in style, eith-
er," put in Exhibit Chairman
John Deering. "It's up to the in-
dividual who lives in the room.
Yet the blend appears because we
all have similar likes, study un-
der the same men and lean to-
ward the contemporary mode."
* * *
WHY DO they go through this
hectic business twice a year?
"Well," offered Neilsen candidly,
"one reason we have this is to
get the house back into shape.
When somebody moves into a
room, they usually want to change
it, anyway.
The fraternity pays part of the
expense and anything over that
is absorbed by the student him-
self. Although the house is an old
structure, that has its advantages,
too. We can tear down walls and
we can experiment." They fre-

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