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September 27, 1957 - Image 4

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Michigan Daily, 1957-09-27

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a uo


Sixty-Eighth Year
sted in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be note& in all reprints.

27, 1957


- ;
" .
« 4

WihU.S. Universities
(Editor's Note: This is the second of two articles comnaring Britain wit
the United States, written by a graduate student in history at the Universi
who spent a year studying at Oxford.)
NOW TO COMPARE Oxford with American Universities. The re
difference is this: The University of Michigan has 23,000 studen
and nine professors of philosophy. Oxford has 7,000 students and
tutors of philosophy.
The United States has never produced a Shakespeare or G.
Shaw in theater, nor a Malthus, Ricardo, Adam Smith or Lord Keyn
in economics, never a- Locke, Hobbes, David 'Hume, J. S. Mill or Be
tham in politics. The United States has more men who know abi
these greats.
The lecture system of the American university produces ma
more college graduates. More American Negroes go to College th
the entire British student body. The 18-year-old student who com

Facts on the Flu:.
They Don't Justify Panic

n that the latest
ian Flu, has been
ease make it much
rrd "epidemic" sug-

ersity, .health officials are ex-
istifiably concerned about the
pidemic hitting the campus. it
o an extent that 50 per cent
population could be afflicted if
'ever, the concern is not chiefly
return of the deadly influenza'
killed millions of Americans in
ant strain of. influenza, is not
he main problem is the incon-
ie disease could cause. Although
sts fromi two to three days and
im in much the same manner
it could tie up many essential
ause great inconvenience for
of -two to three days of school
abe. Fortunately, many persons
the more vital services of the
been innoculated against the
body knowes, including Health
Dr. Morley Beckett, when the
receive another shipment of_
chances of an epidemic? Again,
resee that possibility. But it.is
rithout the great majority of
lated chances are greater than
protected against the disease.
does hit it is not expected to
an great inconvenience for all

Complications, setting in because of resist-,
ance being lowered in the victim, are the great-
est danger. Persons with heart ailments for
example, are in more danger than those in
perfect health because their resistance may be
lowered to such an extent that a .mild heart
ailment 'could become serious. Pneumonia fol-
lowing the flu is another danger, although
pneumonia can now be effectively treated with
Symptoms of Asian flu usually begin with
thirst followed later by sore throat. Tempera-
ture rises and headache is common. Later, a
dry cough is typical and lasts through the third
day. In the second 24 hours of the disease sore
throat disappears, although fever is generally
HOW is Asian Flu treated? Treatment is
much the same as that administered for a
bad cold. The patient requires rest, fluids and
aspirin for a few days until the virus runs its
course. The best cure lies in prevention, but
until vaccine arrives we cando nothing except
wait and, if stricken, stay out 'of circulation
for a few days.
The main thing to avoid is panic. It pill be
senseless to get excited over the prospect of
epidemic in view of the facts. The disease as
evidenced is very mild. Complications are rare
and most fatalities result in persons with more
serious ailments before stricken by the virus.
Inconvenience is the greatest concern, not the
possibility of a disastrous plague.
Until vaccine arrives we can wait and feel
lucky that the virus is not of the type that
ravaged this country thirty years ago.

I *(957 ~ LJt*SftIACTr~M i-r~r ~-

Amman-City of Intrigue

ro Concepts of Co-Education

LANS for building a co-educational
v on North Campus bring to mind
apts of "co-ed" University living.
ncept is a new one, and can be best
om the word "co-educational" itself.
the word "co-ed" connoted things
feminine, from the demure, outnum-
shman to wine, women, song and the
ited flapper.
eap of "co-eds" was welcomed or ig-
id evet at times feared. Many Mid-
olleges admitted women students early
histories. The University was a more
and admitted its first woman student,
Stoclwell, '73, in 1869; and only since
ession has the University's strict code
gloves and stockings been dropped.
1 colleges were even more rigid. Some
smaller colleges such as Hamilton,.
afayette, and Williams refused femi-
panionship in their classes and appear
a steadfast.
Eastern universities such as Harvard,
L Borwn are giving in; Harvard shares
rith Radcliffe, Brown has its sister
embroke, and Yale shares classes with
t, but has suggested a policy of admit-
en graduate students.
st line of masculine defense seems to
ing down, and the word "co-ed" is
t mean co-operation in the class-
d sharing the experience of education.

THE UNIVERSITY has brought this idea of
sharing into dormitories. There is the pro-
posed co-educational Madelon Stockwell Hall
as well as the women's Tyler and Prescott
Houses in East Quadrangle and the newly-
opened Frederick House in South Quadrangle.
Yet this second concept, of the word "co-
educational" in dorm living is not entirely new.
Back in the Dark Ages, sometime before World
War I and Woman Suffrage, there were no
dormitories at the University.
And, once upon a time women and men lived
in the same rooming houses..
In a few years women and men will again be
living in the same "rooming house," on separate
floors with facilities and luxuries which a
nineteenth-century Conrad Hilton could never
have imagined.-
The important thing to remember about.
Madelon Stcokwell Hall is not its novelty, for
the idea is not new, not its luxuries, for some
day those too will be considered middle-aged;
rather, the significance of the new Stockwell is
that it will offer a compliment to the modern
concept of co-education.
Mature growth, not only with women in the
classroom,. but with women in the residence
hall, is perhaps the best selling point of the
proposed dormitory. University students have
already shared the experience of working with
architects planning the building. Soon men and
women students will have the opportunity, to
work together living in a dormitory which they
helped plan themselves.

AMMAN, JORDAN-This is the
ancient city against which
King David sent Uriah the Hittite
into battle after David saw Uriah's
beautiful wife, Bathsheba, wash-
ing her hair on a rooftop. Uriah
was killed in battle. David's hench-
men bought off part of the Syrian
Army and the city of Amman was
Out of the marriage between
David and Bathsheba was born
Solomon, but the Lord decreed
that from that time on "the sword
shall never depart from David's
Though David has been dead
these many centuries the sword
has continued to hang over the
city of Amman. It has been a cen-
ter of intrigue and conquest. Once
it/was taken by the Greeks and re-
named Philadelphia. Later it was
taken by the Romans, then the
Turks. More recently, it was ruled
by the British through Glubb,
Pasha, and today -it's the Syrians,
once bought off by David, who are
back again trying to buy off the
politickl.leaders of Jordan.
* * *
sent 50 jeeps with recoilless armor-
piercing guns to block the Syrians.
Today, the little country of Jor-
dan is truly the center of more in-
ternational conspiracy than any in
the Near East. It is also a police
state. In driving from Amman to
Jericho,' a distance similar to that
between Washington and Balti-
more, I was stopped five times by
troops to show my passport, even
though I was in a United Nations
car. UN officials with me also had
to show their passports.
The troops were looking for Syr-
ian conspirators plotting against
King Hussein.,
Twice before, an assassination
attempt almost succeeded. Once
last spring, the king had to dis-
solve Parliament and put loyal
Bedouin leaders in complete con-

trol of his army. At that time, in
front of the Hotel Philadelphia,
where I live, a row of conspirators
was hanged each morning. Their
bodies were not cut down until
The passing populace under-
stood. Things have been quieter in
Amman since.
Underneath the surface, how-
ever, the situation is tense. Seven
tents of Bedouin troops camp out-
side the American Embassy,
guarding it day and night. The
embassy is surrounded by a high
brick wall. Its door is protected by
steel bars, as a penitentiary.


. . .

IN FRONT of the United States
Information office a few days ago,
a bomb exploded. Another went off,
next night in front of the Turkish
embassy, also against Syria and
the Russians.' /
Later, a cache of Czechoslovak
arms was found in the Jordonian
village of Ramtha, near the Syrian
border. Syria has an arms agree-
ment with Communist Czechoslo-
vakia, similar to that negotiated
by Col. Nasser of Egypt. Obviously,
the arms were smuggled from Syr-
ia as a plot against King Hussein.
In brief, Amman is not a happy
place in which to live, especially
for the king.
As you fly from Beirut to Am-
man you wonder why Syria or
David or anyone else should covet
it. Flying in a rickety Arab plane
which gives the impression of be-
ing held together by baling wire,,
you look down on vast stretches of
desert. Here and there, thin rails
are sketched in the sand, cara-
van trails leading from Damas-
cus into Jordan.
Distances are short in the Near
East. The whole trip from Beirut,.
Lebanon, to Amman takes the
'same amount of time as it does
to fly from New York to Wash-
When you study the map of the

Near East, however, and know
something of its history, you un-
derstand why Jordan is the most
coveted of Arab states.
When in Damascus, Gen. Afif
Bizri, military strong man of Syria,
told me: "Syria and Egypt will
unite much quicker than you
This is the efficial policy of
Syria-union with Egypt-as a
step toward a union of all the
Arab states.
Union, however, is difficult
when two nations have no com-
mon bordeirs, are separated by sea
and desert. The only way Egypt
and Syria could achieve a common
border is by annexing Jordan,
which extends from Syria in the
north to the Gulf of Aqaba in the
south. True, a thin fiinger if Isra-
el lies between Jordan and Egypt
at Elat, head of the gulf.
*S * *
BUT THIS thin strip of Israel is
recognized by neither Egypt nor
Syria and almost certainly would
be an object of attack if Syria
swallowed Jordan. In fact, Syria
'has an ancient claim that her bor-
deis extend all the way to El Ar-
ish on the Egyptian-Israeli border.'
That, therefore, is one key to
the importance of Jordan. It's al-
so the key to the enforceability
of the Eisenhower Doctrine. For if
Egypt and Syria do move against
Jordan, it will be by subversion
inside the country-not covered by
the Ike doctrine, but just as dan-
gerous to American interests, to
Israel and the oil-rich Arabian
This showdown is almost sure
to come, and with it will come a
real showdown f o r President
Eisenhower. This showdown will
mean life or death to young King
Hussein, the chief friend of the
West in this desert kingdom. To
learn how he will react in this cri-
sis I went to see him.
(copyright 1957 by Bell Syndicate Inc.)

to, Oxford is two to four, years
ahead of his counterpart at an
American university, in his spe-
cial subject.
However, he probably knows less
about dating and how to hitch-
hike. The Briton begins to spe-
cialize at the age of 11. Only the
very best get into university.
When he begins at Oxford, he
doesn't attend lectures but writes
two or three essays per week, us-
ing four or five source books for
each. The paper is usually some-
thing like Federalism or the Irish
Question, if the student were tak-
ing political science. As a matter
of fact, the Oxford B.A. is almost,
but not quite, the equivalent of
the Ph.D.: the. United States col-
lege like the English prep school.
S , ,s
TO MAKE the United States
educational system like that of
Britain or vice-versa would re-
quire a whole remolding of soci-
ety. One can't change the Uni-
versity program untilthe primary
school program is changed and
one can't change the primary
school program until the public
changes its attitude on what
would be desirable.
It is highly debatable what
should ;change and how much.
From an academic point of view,
Oxford is undoubtedly superior
to any American university, at
least in the social sciences. But
Oxford is on the decline, like the
British "Empire,"
It takes cash to pay for those
66 philosophy- tutors, eventually
some United States school may
have as plush a budget as Ox-
Moreover, although I've never
had any experience, I have heard
it rumored that the trustee-board
of education systein really holds
back United States education.
* * *
ON THE other hand, American
education philosophers of the
Dewey school and many trustees
argue that it is better,.to work on
the lower two-thirds rather than
the intellectual elite. There seems
to be a lot of interest and debate
concerning the issue; both sides
seem to want to have their cake
and eat it; too. .
Britain, therefore, seems a bet-
ter country for the potential gen-
ius and the creative minority. The
United States is for, the average
man. This is why the average GI
would prefer Germany over Bri-
tain if he had to be sent abroad.
There is nothing in Britain for
him, whereas a few persons, such
as professors at Harvard, journal-
ists on the New York Times and
-Presidents Wilson and FDR, T. S.
Elliot, William James and others
become "Anglo-philes.
I THINK the United States is
'going ahead in physics, medicine,
chemistry, design and literature.
The. United States is undoubtedly
.ahead in practical business tech-
niques. The philosopher, histor-
ian, political theorist and univers-
ity educator can still learn mnuch
from Britain.
It takes a great deal of time to
build up competency in these
fields, and the British have been
at it longer.

The Daily Official Bulletin is an
of ical publication of 'the Univer-
sity of Michigan for which 'he
Michigan Daily assumes no edi-
torial responsibility. Notices should
be sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Buid-~
ing, before 2 pam. the day preceding
publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
VOL. LxvIII, NO. s
The Office of Religious Affairs
sponsoring a Coffee Hour for all at
dents this afternoon from 4:15 to 5:
p.m. at Lane Hall, Washington-sr
Marshall scholarships at British 17
versities have been announced for 151
59. Twelve awards are offered eve
year to American graduates, men a
women under the age of 28. The 'sh
arships are tenable for two years ai
each has an annual value of S
pounds, with an extra 200 pounds i
married men. The deadline for fili1
applications is Oct. 31. More inform
tion may be obtained from the Offic
of the Graduate School.'
ing fellowships for the academic ye
1958-59 for study and research on I
eign areas and foreign affairs. Fello'
ships are available to college senlo±
graduate students, young faculty er
hers, and Interested' persons who h
already received their doctorate. A
plicants should be under 40 yeatrs
age. Persons in the felds of law, a
cial sciences, humanities, and inta
national relations are invited to a
ply, Work should .pertain 'to AfrU
Asia, the Near'East, the Soviet Uni
or Eastern Europe. Study and resear
may be undertaken in the Unit
States or abroad beginning as early
the summer of 1958.
Applications must be filed by N
1, 1957. Details about the fellowshi
may be obtained in the Offices Oi
Graduate School. 'For appicatio
write to the Ford Foundation, 4
Madison Avenue, New York 22, Ni
The following prsens have 'been a
lected as ushers for the 1957-58 as
for theChoral Union Concerts, the E
tra Series Concerts and for the Le
ture Series. The usher tickets for th
series may be picked up a tHill u
torium Box Office between 5 and
pam. from wed., Sept. 25 - Fri.. ej
27. The'tickets must bepicked0
this time as they will not be given 0
at the door at the first copnert as
the past.
Anabel Anderson-Imbert, Janis Adi
Suzanne F. Adams, Lucille Apicos, '$
phie Alli, Judith L. Anderson, Kay i
bott, Byron Antman.
Susan G. Brandt, Laird H. Barber,
Charles J. Botero, Virginia R. But
Les Benet, Anthony David Blau, Be
eriy Berney, Dan Berwin Brekm
Marjorie Anne Brooks, Diane Rae Be
man, Harvey Berman, George Blee
man, Jr., Dolores Bleekman, Marga
Elizabeth Berry, Elaine Burr, Philip
Beltz, Linda Brady, Thomas Eliot EF
ker,'Jacqueline Beth Blume, Jane A
Barry L. Cutler, Jane W. Carpnt
Anne Elizabeth Crossmann, Jose Li
Costero, Alexander L. Ciechinelli, Hi
riett Ceasaf, onald unker Crle
Betty Virginia Carlson, Judith Capli
Jolayne Carpenter, Hugh Crosslai
Joan Callaway Barbara Ehen Coh
Lillian C. Carter.'
Alice Dutcher, Tula Diamond, Erma
Donner, Glynn Rowland Davies, H
riet Dunham, Daniel 'L. Docks, Ms
LouDover, Judith Anne Doier, P
DeHaven, Marilyn Joapine Deitch,
'Patricia L. Eckeberry, Carol Elits.
Evelyn Fink, Joseph T. Paris, Rob
~'isch, Lucille Fillmore, William
Flenniken, Phylis Feldman, Marcia
Fitch, Lawrence S. Fallis, Jr., Mar
Chet W. Green, Mary..Grayson,I
nest W. Orayson, Janet M. Gar,
Nancy Gardner, Hannah Gruenew
Harvey Gendler, Sydell Gelber, Barbo
Goldner, Roger 'L. Greenberg, Doll
M. Gardhouse, Shirley A. Gosling, 'H
en Evelyn Goodman, Nancy Greenih
Eleanor Graber, Carolyn Grow, Elal
Greta Haverhas, Faith Irene Holtri
Donald W. Honkala, George David 1I
menansky, Diane Bay Humanenans
Virgil R. Hutton, Lin Harris, Ku
Jeanne Hill, Susan Hodges, Lot
Emanuel Hemmers, Vera Kay Hul
Robert Lloyd Haan, Catrin Maria Ho
burg, Donval Homburg, Charles
Hamilton, Peggy Hamilton, Lois A. H
din, -Donald H. Huldin, Robert 1.1
William Douglas Harper, Gret
Hahn, John H. Hiestand, Barbi

Henschel, Rae Walton Hilman, Joy
Hill, Sally Hanak,
Agnes Inus.
Pierre Janin, Robert J. Jonas, M
Johnson, Daniel Bruce Jackson, Je
Margaret J. 'Kasmarick, Constance
Kamli, Thomas L. Kress, Peter Knc
locck, Young H. Kim, Patsy Kram
Constance K. Kreger, Erna Kochendo
er, Joan Kinsey, Paul E. Krieger, Ca
Kleppinger, Mary L. Keune, Ray E
sanke, Betty Knolimueller, Sheila
Keefe, Ruth E. Kauffmann, Jill Kobi
Shirley Kuiper.
Jorge A. Desmaras-Luzuriaga, Evel
E. Laubaugh, Mrs. Robert H. Lev
Robert H. Levin, Douglas A. Lee, Jo
Edwin Little,'Phyllis I. Liptzen, A. H
old Lubin, David Lippman, Doug Le
is, James T. Lafferty, Virginia Lee Lo
ens, Mike Lain.

Ike's Decision

Associated Press News Analyst
MONTHS AGO President Eisenhower
"I can't imagine any set of circum-
that would ever induce me to send
troopseintoa fedoral court and into
ma to enforce 'the orders of a federal
cause I believe that the common sense
ica will never require it."
esn't have to imagine it now. He faces
a fact of life as he ever did when he
ivisions against divisions in war.
ito uphold the Constitution which can
preted by no higher authority than the
e Court, it was inevitable that Eisen-

,hower, as.would any President, would meet the
test of his oath.
The law of the United States is the beacon
by which her people set her course. If it be
allowed to fall into disuse and disrepute, none,
can foresee the consequences.
The President hopes that the great prestige'
of the office, the presence of force in being
There will be debates for years as to whether
he should have put the enforcement problem in
the hands of the military. Americans distrust
intervention by the military in their affairs.
They do, however, have faith in the ennobling
effect of the presidential office. They will expect
their general to become the tactical as well as
strategic leader, in order that they can be sure
that every action wil be weighed against the
standards of wisdom, ,of compassion, and an
understanding of the hearts of men.
New Books at the Library
Albert, Marvin H. - Broadsides and Board-
ers; NY, Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1957.
Clayton, John Bell - The Strangers Were
There; NY, Macmillan, 1957.
Crabb, Alfred L. - Journey to Nashville; In-
dianapolis and NY, Bobbs-Merrill, 1957.
Hecht, Ben '- Charlie: The Improbable L'ife
and Times of Charlie MacArthur; NY, Harper,
Hevmann, Lucie - By Appointment Only;

Editorial Staff
ditorial Director City. Editor"
A , HANSOM ...... ........... Personnel Director
:Y MORRISON ...............Magazine Editor
RD GERULDSEN ...Associate Editorial Director
AM HANEY.......... ....Features Editor
PERLBERG .....,...... Activities Editor
PRINS . .. .......Associate Personnel Director
. BAAD..........................Sports Editor
3 BENNETT ...........Associate Sports Editor
HILLYER ... *..,.... .Associate Sports Editor
LES CURTISS ........ .Chief Photographer
R- ..s . e uf

The Southern View ..
To The Editor:
elected to live in the North,' I
am distressed by what seems to me
the irresponsible and uncharitable
handling of the whole tortured
segregation issue by the northern
I may as well say that I believe
a degree of integration is inevit-
able in the southern schools, but
it is also my conviction that the
only way this resolution can come
about is from within the South it-
self--not from any imposition of
force from without. The only thing
which the use of federal troops in
Arkansas demonstrates is, as in
the Civil War, the superiority of
force and, as also in that war, the
inconclusiveness of any conflict
decided by such force.
* * *
BUT FEW people in the North
seem interested in a resolution of
the conflict from within the south-
Pam rait-. thv Ymstimnoe it

It is, finally, whether the indivi-
dual is still to be recognized and
dealt with as such without begging
the question by all this prattle of
equality. Men may be brothers;
they may be similar though mar-
velously diverse. Yet they cannot
be equal in any way that involves
their identity as persons. If they
are equal before the law, it is only
because the law (as opposed to the
Gospel, I might add) is not de-
signed to deal with people as per-
sons in the fullest sense of the
But the white southerner is
cognizant of the wide.cultural dis-
parity which exists between the
Negro's children and his own. He
is aware also that in many coun-
ties of the Deep Southlhe is out-
numbered by the Negro three to
one. And he is therefor--perhaps
pardonably-fearful of his posi-
tion, should "integration" come.
And he is possibly unwilling to
trade the diversity and rich com-
nlexity of his culture. where nennl

those of condescension and pater-
nalism. But he will reply that his
attitude is much more "brotherly"
than that of the northerner, who
talks a great deal about brother-
hood but who, by and large, is not
interested in the Negro except
simply in the abstract. (Mr. Rich-
ard M. Weaver of the University of
Chicago has long since pointed out
that the concept of brotherhood is
meaningless if all people are as-
sumed to be "equal.")
Indeed, there is a good deal tof
saving truth in the old saying
that southerners like the Negro
as an individual but not as a race,
while the northerners like him as
a race but not as an individual.
What southerners are really
fighting for, then, not only - in
Arkansas but elsewhere is the right
to work out their own salvation-
certainly in fear and trembling.
Indeed, the more one ponders the
situation, the more formidable the
task becomes and the more dis-
trustful he becomes of those pro-
nhets who rcme forwari .howing

Integration Must Come From Within

blacks and whites because it will
southerner is -aced into - form-
ity, as he was in the Civil War, he
will resort to subterfuge and un-
derg - "md violence, as he did in
the dark days of Reconstruction,
then be furtive and repressed.
What the southerner of good
will asks of the North, then, is
that it extend to him the same
charity and understanding that it
seems eager to give his black
brother. And, finally, what he asks
of the northerner who cross-exa--
mines him on this matter is this:
"Are you asking just out of curio-
sity or condescension, or do you
really want to learn something
about the fearful work we have
before us?"
-Robert Y. D-ake, Jr.
Instructor in English
Neglected . .
To The Editor:~
was graduated and left to the

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