EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER .AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MIcH. * Phone NO 2-3241
e Michigan Daily exp ress the individual opinions of staff writers or
'the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
21, 1957 NIGHT EDITOR: DAVID TARR
iv the Papers These Days'
-Uncle Sam Faubus in Time
ID VA tl
First Step into Si
By ALTON L. BLAKESLEE
.Associated Press Science Reporter
SOME OF YOUR DESTINY lies within a brilliant metal ball th,
like a huge Christmas tree ornament. It is stunningly be
Inside, it is'being fitted with ingenious eyes, ears, fingers, breatl
and memory for a journey literally out of this world.
For this shiny sphere is to become a shooting star, a ma:
moon circling the earth every 90 to 100 minutes.
It is going to be hurled hundreds of miles out into space by
ted himself into
ze backs of ten
go to a white
who have looked toward President Eisenhower
for strong personal leadership, had been looking
in the wrong direction.
AND FINALLY he has displayed what could-
only be called ,an exceptional amount of
"raw nerve." How long he can continue to defy
the federal government is a question. Governor
Faubus apparently has been looking eagerly
for a graceful way out of a situation which
perhaps is too big for him. He really shouldn't
be allowed out so easily, but at least he has
been given time to do so.
was still,.a chance. The
al scars for which he has
iay never be undone.
s made John Kasper, of
look like an amateur. He
use more of an uproar
the late Sen. McCarthy
the death knell of the
. f s
«ra ------ -W---
+¢ tfl ' c~~fwa~'4 esw
repching the never-before-at-
tained speed of 18,000 miles an
hour - five miles a second.
Our first messenger into space,
it will learn facts which could
greatly benefit your lifer and your
children's. It will see our sun as
man has never seen it, count me-
teors,, the cosmic dust, tell us how
empty, hot or cold space really is,
report the thick rain or powerful
's Sa otLUso
It will help determine the exact
shape of the earth, explore some
mysteries of magnetism, aid in
better prediction or control of
It will be man's first step tow*d
rocketing himself through space.
It may turn up astounding discov-
eries yet undreamed of by wildest
His latest move to get Judge Davies to dis-
qualify himself because of "personal bias" must
come - about from either an unusually rare
brand of bravado or from unusual ignorance.
y have rights the
fact, he has
ad been none
quite a mess out of the Demo-
party which under the astute
1. Lyndon Johnson had passed
ghts. legislation to come out of
rer eighty years.
ded the USSR with excellent
ve to be distorted.
ed to spotlight the incredible"
esident Eisenhower, who really
ped this mess at its inception
ting the entire Arkansas na-
and who by vigorous action'
ded the current prolonged em-
le made it clear that those.
Judge Davies probably does have a "personal
bias" as defined by Faubus. As one most famil-
iar with the case, it is 'only natural that he,
should. 6ne would suspect that any judge in-
troduced into the case at this point would
have the same bias. It is rather difficult to
tolerate violation of federal court injunctions
and subpoenas, and most judges would find
themselves becoming a wee bit impatient.
Judge D.avies probably won't disqualify him-
self and Governor Faubus is silly to wish it.
At least he knows something about this an-
It is unfortunate men like Faubus can occa-
sionally take the bit in their teeth and run,
wild causing such great damage, but that is
;part of the cost of democracy. It is indeed for-
tunate that in most cases an indignant and
predominantly law-abiding public will suddenly
clamp down hard, before the damage becomes
_ _ _ .
Progress in Peacetime
By DREW PEARSON
Student Health Plan
' University students
mne efforts of Student
ke advantage of the
Accident and Health,
of confipment in Health Service. The first
fifteen days are covered by the University.
3. Miscellaneous Health Service expenses
such as x-rays, laboratory tests, drugs and
medicines will be paid for at the usual student,
s an insurance p
and sickness cov
where or when, w!
he plan throughout the
d in cooperation with
Comppany of Reading
.an that should makee
resident Joe Collins 'calls it "one o
muprehensive health insurance,
The facts bear out Collin's stater
ngle student, 'who pays $12.75 f
s coverage receives:
per day for hospital room and t
mit of 120 days in event of sick
uded is a $300 maximum for sur
e policy pays room and board exp
I per day beginning with the 16th
i thin THESE ARE some of the benefits available to
the University student. How can you go
wrong on this policy for only $12.75 per year?
past Already approximately 4,000 students have
the taken advantage of the plan but we advise the
Pa. balance of the student population awaken ,to
every its advantages. Married students as well as
single men and women are eligible for the
f the plan. The cost for a student andspouseis
plans $39.50 per year with an extra $10 fee for
ment. maternity benefits. Cost for married students
for a with children is slightly higher.
Details of the plan and application blanks
board for orders.by mail can be picked up ate SAB' in
ness. the SGC ,offices.
rgical This is one opportunity that the uninsured
student cannot afford to miss. The price is
enses small for the benefit received.
(Editor's Note: Drew Pearson's
column today takes the form of
a letter written from the Bal-
kans to his grandson, Drew
YOU wrote me that you would
like to learn more about this
part of the world. I am now in a
city which I visited many years-
ago at the end of World War I
when I started out as a young
man to try, as I thought, to car-
ry out some of President Woodrow
Wilson's ideals about a war to
This city, called Salonika, was
then a great war base. it was the
seaport at which the Allies mobil-'
ized a great army which finally
advanced north into Serbia and
broke the back of the Kaiser's ar-,
. And all about me in this city
when I arrived I saw the effect
of war. There were British troop4
and French troops; Indian sikhs
with high t u r b a n s and long
beards; Indo- Chinese troops
wearing straw hats; Italian troops
with high green hats; and white
Russian troops stranded in Salon-
ika by the Bolshevik Revolution.
OUTSIDE the city I used to ride
for one hour through the Allied
war dumps looking for supplies
which might help rebuild Serbia.
For miles along the seacoast were
spread out the weapons, the tools
of war-railroad ties, railroad
tracks, drums of gasoline, moun-
tains of drums, steel cable, loco-
motives rusting in the sun, rail-
road cars, artillery carriages-the
weapons of war that had taken
months to accumulate and cost
millions of dollars. Now they were
wasting, rotting-the usual after:
math of war.
This week I came back. I found
a new city. The h'ouses had been
rebuilt. The streetcar tracks had
been pulled up-replaced by buses.
The Turkish cobblestones had
been s m o o t h e d out. The two
American destroyers that were
tied up to the docks at late as six
years ago generating electri city for
the town, were gone-replaced by
a modern light plant.
And out along the bay where.
stretched mile after mile, I rode
the Allied supply dumps o n c e
along miles and miles of little
farms and patches of corn, cotton
and tobacco. ' # .
' * * *
UP THE VARDAR River just,
outside Salonika, I visited a dam
being built by the Greek govern-'
ment with American aid, under
the direction of an .American en-'
gineer, Forrest Varney of Sacra-
mento. For hundreds of years the
Vardar has rushed down to the
sea and no one ever bothered to
harness its strength or use its
water for irrigation.
In Salonika I watched the
American Ambassador and the
Prime Minister open the trade
fair. It was like the Gaithersburg
Fair, I take you to in Maryland,
andI was sorry we missed it this,
year. Only this fair doesn't have
the side-shows and rodeo, and the'
horses which compete with each
other to see which can pull the
heaviest loads. This fair featured
farm machinery from America,
and many other countries, togeth-
er with modern, up-to-date ex-.
hibits unheard-of in the war-torn
old Turkish city I used to know.
They even sold Greek hot dogs
and hamburgers-a little differ-
ent from ours, but still pretty
One American exhibit, supplied
by the American 'Farnm School,
showed how to' hatch chickens,
showed the chicks coming out of'
the shell while you stood there,
showed different sized chickens
growing, and a machine to pluck
their feathers ,after they were
grown, and finally a barbecue spit
to cook them.
The Greeks were fascinated.
* * *
WELL, THAT'S how things have
changed since I was here as a
boy. And that's how any part of
the world can change when it's
given a chance for peace.
We have been lucky in America,
because for almost a hundred
years we have not been desolated
by war. I hope wecan remain that
way. I hope our influence with
Europe will keep it that way. I
confess that I have sometimes
been discouraged since those days
when I. went off to try to help
promote the ideals of Woodrow
Wilson. However, I hope you will
nevei get discouraged, and that,
when you grow up, you will al-
waya keep working to prevent war.
(Copyright' 957 by Bell Syndicate Inc.)
HANGING OUT the satellite is
a main and fascinating goal in the
International Geophysical Year
(IGY) which began .officially July
IGY corrals an army of 5,000
scientists from 58 nations into
cooperative studies of weather,
oceans, cosmic rays gravity, gla-
ciers, earthquakes - all major
forces affecting our . lives. All
nations will share everything they
Only hussia, besides us, plans to
launch satellites. Russia so far has
openly reported all her many plans
for IGY, except for the satellite
and for firing short-lived rockets
to explore the upper air.
Our scientists and officials are
reticent only about some details
of rockets which will put the little
moon into its orbit. For rocketry
involves military secrets.
THERE IS much speculation
that the first nation to conquer
space could control the world,
putting all ndtions under tele-
scopic observation from space plat-
forms, hitting any target anywhere
from outer space. There are also
proposals to put space under in-
But the IGY moons are deci-
cated purely to peaceful benefit
of all peoples..
The little moon is only the size
of a bushel basket, weights 20
and one-half pounds, easy enough
for a woman to lift with one hand.
But it must be shot to a speed
hat will counterbalance the earth's
pull of gravity, so it swings about
like a ball on the end of a string.
Then it will stay up, in. an ellipi-
tical orbit bringing ..it no closer
than 200 miles from earth, nor
farther than 1,200 to 1,500 miles
"If we miss the minimum speed
by one foot per second, we fail,"
Dr. Hagen points out. "In this
horse race, we must win on the
THE BALL is a thin magnesium
shell, given fantastically thin coat-,
ings on the outside of, inc, copper,
silver, gold (two ounces of gold
,worth $70), chromium, and alumi-
num. And a special outer invisible
coating of silicon monoxide to help
it get rid of excess heat and safe-
guard the delicate,-insulated in-
Inside it, scientists are putting
instruments to become extensions
and perfections of the senses of
man in outer space.
The moon will rise up enclosed
in the nose of a rocket 72 feet long,
weighing 10 tons. It will be three
rockets, firing off in stages.
The first and larger two fall
away after doing their job. The
last one must race the ball up to
its maximum, and correct, speed
and altitude, then shove it away
with a spring mechanism.
For a while there will be two
satellites, the ball itself and the
four-foot-long third stage rocket.
Gradually they will drift apart.
But the glistening ball will chat-
ter back to earth by radio telling--
who knows what?
By -. M. ROBERTS
Associatd Press News Analyst
HE PULLES and Gro
opening addresses at the
United Nations General Asse
emphasize the complete imp
between Soviet nRussia and"
Western Powers. n
With a few exceptions,,
could take the two speeches,
verse the names called, and o
the same impression.
Each side accuses the othe
doing the same things which
vent international settlemi
Each appeals for disarmameI
Each asks for UN considers
of the Syrian question and m
the same charges of vicious Z
dling in the Middle East.
Each uses about the same I
BOTH LEFT the feeling
hop for any early end to the
war'i both fatuous and futili
Neither contributed anythir
Gronmyko hooked his atom
ban references to a five-year b
atorium on the use of at
weapons, a slightly new twist.,
he showed no sign of recogni
the Western stand that there
be no outlawry of the use of
clear weapons in self-Etefense;
Nothing is clearer than
there is no possibility of cow
mise between the two camps.
The cold. war will go on 1
One side collapses, or until it
teriorates into shot war as 1
term fears and pressures 'ed
The fear of atomic war and
Western desire for peace if it
be kept honorably are just a
the only deterrents of war nol
Russian and Western le
don't think alike, don't eva)
history or the future in the
* , *
.IN THE GREAT propag
battle now being waged, the
may as well forget any idea"
its problems will be solved if C
munism can be contained.
objective analysis must con
that this is not merely a niatt
defense against an imper:
Russia, which uses an econ
and. social ideology, not for
advancement of peoples, but
weapon for expansion,
The Daily Official Bulletin Ii
official publication of the Vni
sity of Michigan for which
Michigan Daly assuimes no A
torial responsibility. Notices sh
be sent ainTYPEWRITEN fora
Room 3519 Administration Bt
ing, before 2 p.m. the day prece<
publication. Notices for Su
Daily clue at 2 :I p.m. Friday.
SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 21, 1
VOL. LXVIII, No. 4
Lecture, auspices of' the Depar
of Fisheries. "Hormones in F
Dr. Alien Matty, lecturer in zc
University of Nottignham En
,4c5 p.m., Mon., Sept. 23, Nature
Mdical College Admission Tes
placation blanks for the gct. 2
administration of, the Mediceal C
Admission Test are no* availa
122 Rackham Building. Appli
blanks are due ianPrinceton, N4
later than Oct. 15, 1957.'j
Personnel Requests: I r
A Detroit firm needs Tndustria!
tors.- Prefer men with some edit
Fieldcrest Mills, Inc., Spray, N.
lina, has an opening for a man
a Master's degree in Industrial Ps
ogy, Ind. Rel., 'or Pers. Mgt. and
5 or more years of experience to w
Training Director in the Industri
Chrysler Corp., Service, Parts
Accessory Supply Div., Cent
Mich. is interested in finding a N
Analyst for research in plannii
marketinifareas. Requires man
degree in LS&A or Bus Ad and
1-2 years of experience in. actu
search in market areas.
Connecticut General Life Inni
Co., Hartford, Conn., has opporti
in i Administration, Sales, Sales
aaeent and in theAc~tuIarial U
TODAY AND' TOMORROW:
s By WALTER LIPPMANN
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR:
Union Answers Daily Editorial
OLOGISTS for Gov. Faubus have been
uick to exploit an unclear sentence in the
dent's statement about the conference
Saturday at Newport. In the sentence the
dent said that he recognized "the in-
>able responsibility resting upon the Gov-
to preserve law and order in his 'state."
is said to mean that the Governor has a
and a duty, if he thinks it necessary in
to preserve law and order, to use the:
nal Guard to keep the Negro children
f the Little Rock public schools.
is not posskble that the President meant'
y any such thing. For if he had meant to
t, he would have been giving consent to
xtraordinary precedent-that if a Gov-
of a state says that he thinks that the
cement of Federal law will provoke dis-,
ly protests, he may use military force not
PETER ECKSTEIN, Editor.
MES ELSMAN, JR. VERNON NAHRGANG
Iditorial Director City Editor
A HANSON ..,.......Personnel Director
[Y MORRISON...............Magazine Editor
RD GERULDSEN ...Associate Editorial Director
AM HANEY ...... ..Features Editor
PERLBERG '........ ..Activities Editor
L PRINS ...........Associate Personnel Director
S BAAD ...,.....................Sports Editor
'E BENNETT .. ........Associate Sports Editor
HILLYER ..... ...Associate Sports Editor
LES CURTISS ................Chief Photographer
to put down the disorderly protests but to
nullify Federal law.
The President cannot have meant to approve
armed resistance to the enforcement of the
Constitution he is sworn to uphold.
Yet the sentence is open to the construction
which the Governor's apologists have put upon
it. The sentence is obviously an echo of the.
Governor's own attempts to justify his action..
The sentence would never have been in the
statement at all had, not the President, who in
principle had gotten the Governor to back
down, wished to give Mr. Faubus a little conso-
lation and something to save his face. What he
gave him were some words which befog the
S* * *
UNFORTUNATELY, the Governor has pre-
cipitated an issue which does not lend it-
self to compromise. The issue, let us remember,
is not where and when, how fast and how much,
the white public schools shall be opened to
Negro children. Integration is bound to be a
long and slow process, and no good can come
of -impatient, uncompromising attempts to
force the pace. But the issue forced by Gov.
Faubus is whether a community like Little
Rock, which had consented to a very moderate
degree of integration, may be over-ruled by
the Governor and prevented from observing the
The issue, in short, is whether a Governor
may use the National Guard to enforce segrega-
tion. This is not an issue that can be com-
promised. Either he can or he cannot. If he
can, the hope of proceeding slowly and by
consent, as in fact was happening in Arkansas,
IN YESTERDAY'S edition of The
Daily, an editorial accused the
Michigan Union of incompetence
in its handling of the Air Flight
to Europe and the Student Book
Exchange. The complications
which developed with the Air-
'Flight were beyond the control of
the Union and certainly not due
to incompetence on our part.
To clarify the situation we pre-
sent these facts:
1)The Student Government
Council delegated the administra-
tion of the airflight to the Union,
last fall. SGC had already nego-
tiated with Flying Tigers Airline,.
and therefore the Union had no
choice but to accept the contract.
The delay of 48 hours on the re-
turn trip was due solely to Flying
Tigers. We realize the delay incon-.
venienced many passengers. We
are now in the process of negotia-
ting with Flying Tigers, who have
an obligation to reimburse the
passengers for the additional ex-
2) The flight leaders were not
given free passage, as claimed by
the editorial. This is in accord-
ance with a Civil Aeronautics
3) The cost of the airflight was
originally $310 per person. This
is $200 less expensive than the
rate charged by the commercial
airlines and $50 cheaper than the
rate charged by airflights at most
decision by the CAB. Such a de-
cision would have reduced the
number of passengers, thereby in-
creasing the pro-rata share per
Fortunately the Union was suc-
cessful in its legal efforts and will
return most of the $30 to the pas-
sengers after deducting the legal
In view of these facts, it is ob-
.vious that the term "incompetent"
was hardly applicable. Positive
steps have been taken to avoid
similar complications in future
For some years the Student
Book Exchange has been a foot-
ball passed around by several ma-
jor campus organizations. Each
one of these organizations had ex-
perienced considerable difficulty
in the operations of SBX. Since
we took over SBX we have experi-
enced these same difficulties.
We realize that some of the
criticisms by The Daily in yester-
day's editorial were justified.
These difficulties which are in-
herent in the structure of SBX
can only be eliminated by com-
plete re-organization of SBA. We,
will submit a plan of re-organi-
zation to SGC shortly.
We will continue to endeavor
to meet the needs of our expand-
ing campus community. In striv-
ing to reach this goal we will al-
ways welcome constructive and
incompetence, This is the type of
criticism needed to ,keep our of-
ficials on the job.
I might add that incompetence
of this sort often arises from the
desire to some of our colleagues on
campus to become known as cam-
pus leaders, yet without obligating
themselves. This is' a disease
which despairingly crops up in
governing bodies, for it not only
makes for poor government; it
also casts a shadow on the hun-
dreds of others who, realizing
their responsibilities, dispatch
them to the best of their abilities.
-Daniel H. Goodrich
LITTLE MAN ON CAMPUS
by Dick Oibter'
L EAL P90OLOM OXR5fS4-YUEO
ME. SINGE YOU'VE-.BEEN,
.,,6 IN THIS CLASS..
NAYEN t" Y VV :
t CINCa IVt
6 ELSE rte f