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February 19, 1958 - Image 4

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1958-02-19

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L r Alici t.attBally
Sixty-Eighth Year

When Opinions Are Free
Truth Will Prevail"

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff 'writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

"Anyone Care About Old-Fashioned Open Space?"
. ?'WA

Industry Hunts Ways
To Cut Production Costs
(EDITOR'S NOTE: Cutting costs is one of the first things business turns
to in a recession. That's being done now. In the following article, an AP
business news analyst, Sam Dawson, outlines what steps business in general
is taping now.)
AP Staff Writer
NEW YORK-Going steady is a problem today for heads of business
houses too. In this case it's the unwelcome trend for high or even
record sales to keep company with falling profits. And that's causing
management somesleepless nights hunting for ways to cut costs.
In its more painful form, this has led to closure of unprofitable
plants or retail outlets, layoffs or shortened work weeks. In its mildest

Student Course Critiques
Involve Serious Problems

AT ITS MEETING last week Student Gov- formed partly by distribution requirements
ernment Council decided to investigate but partly by the inclusion in courses of ma-
further the possibilities of publishing a book- terial which the student just didn't expect
let offering student opinions of large freshman when he signed up for them. It can be one of
and sophomore courses, similar to the book- the most broadening experiences of a student's
let printed at Harvard University. Opinions undergraduate years.
would be solicited from a large number of stu- All but this latter objection would be met-
dents in the courses, summarized and categor- at least in part - by another means of making
ized, and printed for the consumption of eager course evaluations available. Individual evalu-
underclassmen. ations could be labeled as to class, grade aver-
One of the greatest failures of the Univer- age, field of concentration and grade in course
sity's system of academic counseling has been of the student filling it out. The evaluations
just the one the booklet is designed to over- could be grouped, unedited in a file, with the
come: the complete vacuum of student reac- opinions of persons of roughly similar qualifi-
tions to courses not conveyed by word of cations. Such files might be made available
mouth, and, in some cases, the inadequacies of in some large, generally accessible place; this
faculty course descriptions appearing in the might even be a purpose for the Undergradu-
college announcements. But how one fills this ate Library's "Multi-Purpose Room."
need rust take careful account of the pur- Students could thus select which opinions
poses of providing more adequate information among many they chose to read and be free
about courses and the dangers inherent in the of the generalizations and biases of an editor.
booklet form of presentation. Professors would not be humiliated in print,
The purposes would be to provide the serious but would still have access to the opinions of
student with some otherwise Unavailable guide all manner of student. The file would be used
to the nature of the course: the level and only by serious persons, although, admittedly,
quality of instruction, the material presented it might be used by those seriously interested
and the instructor's approach to it, the values, in evading work as well as those seriously in-
of the course as seen from the short perspec-' terested in finding the academically appropri-
tive of students who have recently taken it. ate course. To such a file could easily be added
a section for reactions of students a few years
TIHEPROBLEMS which a booklet would face after they had taken the course, which might
In attempting to meet this purpose are vary from the fresher opinions in very re-
Manifold. First, since 50 is the tentative mini- vealing ways. And such a file, while involv-
mum number of responses qualifying a course ing less work each year for the persons com-
to appear in the booklet, only large under- piling it, would be of service to all under-
classmen lecture courses could be included. graduates and even graduates in need of course
These are precisely the courses which most information, and would be of much greater
students have taken and about which there is service even to the underclassman interested
a maximum of word-of-mouth information. enough to use it, even though he might not fit
The booklet's major efforts would be in the very well the average for the type of student
area where it is least needed, and the area of who took the course the semester or year
small, upperclass courses, for which word-of- previous.
mouth evaluations are often very difficult to --PETER ECKSTEIN
come by, especially for students in other de- Editor
partments, the book would be useless.
Another difficulty would vary In degree with Din Memories
the inadequacies of the methods of compila-
tion of opinions. Even the Harvard booklet, On Galens Question
with all its professionalism, is often guilty of
gross generalizations which are inapplicable STDENT Government Council seems to be
when one is dealing with courses. Few geology in a pickle.
majors with C averages are interested in a SGC President Joe Collins appears reluc-
straight-A fine arts major's opinion of Fine tant to ,compile evidence concerning Galens'
Arts 182, and vice versa. The same course ap- alleged violation of the Council ruling on
peals and fails to appeal to too many students charity solicitations until Joint Judic sets a
in too many ways for a single, brief course date for a hearing, and Joint Judic, quite
evaluation to adequately serve all its prospec- properly, is reluctant to set a hearing date un-
tive takers. Even an introductory course will til it has a statement of evidence from SGC
serve different purposes and its teaching tech- firmly in hand. Today 'marks the beginning
nique achieve different degrees of appropriate- of the third month of the impasse, during
ness when taken by a freshman who is only which time the memories of all concerned -
peripherally interested in the material and by witnesses, Galens, and SGC alike - have
a senior who has been curious about it for most dimmed.
of his college career. It is also possible - just There is no doubt that the Council would
possible - that there is some correlation be- rather forget the whole matter. Since it rede-
tween grade received and opinion of a course fined the boundaries of the "campus" to ex-
immediately after it is taken, or even just elude Galens from the State Street area, it has
before the end, even before the grade is ac- seen Campus Chest prove a disappointment
tually received. It is highly doubtful that SGC, and has voted to abolish it.
could muster the manpower required 'to de-
scribe such widely varying data, if it is capable BUT WHETHER or not the original Chest e
of carrying out so ambitious a project at all, the revised boundaries were good ideas in
the first place, the Council decided it could
ANOTHER problem is the use to which such not ignore serious allegations that Galens tres-
a booklet might be put. Ideally it would be passed the boundaries established, and, with-
used by serious students interested in select- out prejudicing the case, it asked Joint Judic
ing teachers and courses well-suited to their to adjudicate the allegations. Had it chosen
interests, academic backgrounds and abilities to ignore the allegations it would have been
at comprehension. But there is serious danger admitting what many hav claimed all along,
that it would be largely utilized by students that the Council is really only bluffing when
eager to minimize term papers, hour exams, it takes actions concerning student organiza-
subjective test questions and reading assign- tions and that it doesn't have the guts to fol-
ments. Under such a system competent and 'low through when those actions logically In-
stimulating professors who are not "crowd- volved unpleasant consequences.
pleasers" might be humiliated in print by the Following through on the Galens question
thoughtless comments of their less-apprecia- would involve further damage to SC's al-
tive students and subtly forced to lower the ready weak public relations, even if Joint
level ,of their teaching. And, while there are Judic did no more than reprimand Galens by
many advantages to a system making student letter. But the question remains whether SGC
evaluations of courses available, any such sys- is willing to assume the sometimes-frightening
tem would deprive the student of one of a consequences of the exercise of its powers, in
university's greatest contributions - forcing short, whether SGC really means what it says,
a student to learn what he didn't expect to even though it is not always very glad it said
learn, perhaps even in a specific field in which it.
he is not highly interested, a function per- -P. E.
U and the 1964 Olympics

'e S8 lif "#siIN oT P sT, ~
Rep. Bennetts Turnabout

ONE OF THE most interesting
backstage switches behind the
closed doors of the Legislative
Oversight Committee has been
that of Congressman John Ben-
nett, the Michigan Republican.
Bennett comes from the iron ore
section of upper Michigan and
makes a great play for the AFL-
CIO vote. At the start of the in-
vestigation, he voted for a full
probe of the so-called independent
agencies which actually have been
so dependent on the lobbyists.
Then suddenly he switched.
In secret session after session it
has been Bennett, the alleged pro-
laborite, who has bucked and
badgered Dr. Bernard Schwartz
and tried to hamstring the inves-
tigation. No one, not even Oren
Harris, the Arkansas Democrat,
has been more obstructionist than
HERE ARE some interesting
facts about the GOP congressman
from upper Michigan which give
insight into his switcheroo:
Bennett's big backer in upper
Michigan is Frank Russell, owner
of The Marquette Mining Journal,
The Iron Mountain News, and
heavily interested also in radio and'
In fact, Publisher Russell so
dominates the news in upper
Michigan that it's difficult for a
congressman to get elected with-
out his support. Up to now, Pub-
lisher Russell has been 100 per
cent in Congressman Bennett's
But Publisher Russell has prob-
lems before the Federal Commu-
nications Commission -- one of

the agencies Dr. Schwartz has
wanted to investigate and which
Congressman B e n n e t t doesn't
want to have investigated.
He has just purchased a pro-
posed TV channel in Ironwood,
Mich., from William L. Johnson,
which, with the ownership of ra-
dio station WMIQ in Iron Moun-
tain, plus radio station WDMJ in
Marquette, plus TV station WDMJ
in Marquette, plus the Iron Moun-
tain News and The Marquette
Mining Journal, gives him a furth-
er monopoly-hold on what the
people of upper Michigan read.
It also happens that Publisher
Russell secured Channel 6 in Mar-
quette, Mich., in opposition to
channel 6 in Duluth, Minn. Sta-
tion WDSM-TV in Duluth used to
come into northern Michigan and
cover Marquette, and when Rus-
sell applied for channel 6, many
local residents wanted him to get
some other channel so they could
listen to more channels and more
However, Publisher Russell was
able to get what he wanted from
the FCC - just how is his secret.
He got channel 6. This, plus his
news monopoly hold on the north-
ern peninsula, could be one of the
things which Congressman Ben-
net doesn't want to have investi-
At any rate, he's certainly been
working hard to stymie the en-
tire probe.
SOME PEOPLE wonder why the
dictators of Latin America get
into trouble with the Catholic
Church. As an explanation, here is

what happened recently in the Do-
minican Republic.
Generalissimo Raphael Trujillo,
called by his friends "Benefactor."
by his enemies "Dictator" of the
Dominican Republic, was to be
best man at the wedding of a Do-
minican couple.
The wedding took place outside
Trujillo City, so the "Benefactor"
asked someone to substitute for
him; but at the last minute the'
Church declined to perform the
ceremony because the participants
had been divorced. It is a sacred
tenet of the Catholic Church that
a divorced couple does not receive.
the blessing of the church in an-
other marriage.
But this made no difference to
the dictator of the Dominican Re-
public. He demanded, threatened,
bulldozed the Archbishop. And
when the Archbishop stood his
ground, a strange thing happened.
* * *
THE DOMINICAN press, like
the press of Moscow and like the
press of Santa. Fe, New Mexico,
supports the government in power.
Never does anything appear in its
pages contrary to the wishes of
the government.
But suddenly the "Forum Pub-
lico" blossomed with letters from
readers, indicating that there was
free and open discussion regard-
ing at least one subject - the
Catholic Church.
The Church,-according to these
obviously inspired letters, was not
a good influence in the Dominican
Republic. The letters continued
until the marriage ceremony was
finally settled according to the
"Benefactor's" wishes.
(Copyright 1958 by Bell Syndicate, Inc.)

form, cost cutting is the old time
economy wave which sweeps offices
and factories periodically, stress-
ing savings in pencils, phone calls
and electric light bills.
When they can, plants are trying
to offset rising labor costs by get-
ting more product per man hour-
this includes stepping up mechan-
ization and automation.
A RECENT variant was the re-
ported pact between labor and
management in the construction
trades for the elimination of
featherbedding and other costly
tricks of the trade.
Some firms cut back on cus-
tomer services, prune outgrowth
routines and methods, cut away
employe deadwood.
Customers complain that some
firms are saving money by lower-
ing the quality of their products.
Two forms of cost cutting popu-
lar of late-lowering the costs of
carrying big inventories by turn-
ing to hand to mouth purchasing,
and postponing plans for building
new plant or buying new equip-
ment-have been blamed for start-
ing this recession. The duration
of these practices has been called
the setter of the slump's time
ANOTHER FORM of saving -
dodging bank charges for need-
ed cash by postponing borrowing
or by asking stockholders to buy
new corporate security issues in-
stead-is regarded by some bank-
ers as perhaps as great a reason
for softening interest rates as the
action of the federal reserve
board so far.
Some firms are discouraged by
the seemingly built in increases to
many of their costs. Long labor
contracts include annual wage
boosts. Transportation, distribu-
tion and packaging charges rise.
And cost cutting often runs up
against customer resistance at a
time when a rival firm may be
offering the customer more.
Railroads and airlines report
that executive traveling seems to
be dwindling. They figure that
some corporation comptrollers are
asking: is this trip really neces-
The Best
IF WE (Americans) honestly con-
front our problems - be they
missiles, an economic setback, or
race relations-we will overcome
our major difficulty in presenting
America to the other countries of
the world.
But if we, ourselves, do not un-
derstand-if we twist or avoid a
situation-we produce a distortion
which turns our message to the
people beyond our borders against
Moscow has now won a measure
of credence for its words, which
it did not formerly possess. It
would be wishful thinking to sup-
pose that we can quickly dispel
this advantage.
This need not frighten or alarm
us, so long as we have the courage
of our convictions. So long as we
make the American democratic
system work here at home, so long
as the image which we have in our
own minds is clear and accurate,
we need not fear the impression
reflected abroad.
The best advertisement for the
United States, the best propaganda
for the American way, is a healthy,
clear-eyed America, confident of
its strengths and aware of its
-New York Times

The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the Univer-
sity of Michigan for which the
Michigan Daily assumes no editori-
A1 responsibility. Notices should be
sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Build-
ing, before 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
General Notices
The next "Polio Shot" clinic for stu-
dents will be held Thurs., Feb. 20, only
from 8:00 a.m. to 11:45 a.m. and 1:00
a.m. to 4:45 p.m., in the Health Serv-
ice. All students whose 2nd or 3rd
shots are due around this time are
urged to take advantage of this spe-
cial clinic. Students are reminded that
it is not necessary to obtain " their
regular clinic cards. Proceed to Room 58
in the basement where forms are avail-
able and cashier's representatives are
present. The fee for injection is .1.00
Engineers: Canipus interviewing an4
plant visits will be discussed by Prof.
John G. Young, Assist, to the Dean
of Engineering, at a meeting open to
all engineering students Wed. and
Thurs., Feb. 19 and 20, at 4:00 pm.In
Room. 311, West Engineering Bldg.
College of Architecture and Design,
Main Floor Corridor: "Modern Church
Architecture," an exhibition circulated
by the Museum of Modern Art, New
York, shown under the auspices of the
Museum of Art; Feb. 17 through March
4. Hours: Mon. through Fri., 8 a.m. to
10 p.m.; Sat., 8 am. to.5 p.m.; closed
Sundays. The public is invited.
Journalism Lecture by Phillips Tal-
bot, executive director, American Uni-
versities Field Staff, New York City, at
3 p.m. Wed., Feb. 19 in the Rackhae
Amphitheater, entitled "Communica-
tions with Asia - A Bamboo Telegraph
Age." The public is invited.
Naval Architecture and Marine Engi-
neering: Special lecture on "Recent De-
velopments in Hydrodynamic Theory of
Ship Propellers" by A. J. Tachmindjl,
head of propeller branch, David Taylor
Model Basin, U.S.N., Washington, D.C.
Wed., Feb. 19. 4:00 p.m., 325 West En-
gineering. Departments of the College
of Engineering invited to attend.
English Journal Club, Laird Barker
will speak on "On Translating Homer:
The Consideration of the Translation
of the Iliad, 9, by George Chapman and
Alexander Pope." Wed. Feb. 19, 8:00
p.m. East Conference Room, Rackham
Psychology Colloquium: "The Vadida
tion of Projective Techniques in the
Netherlands." Dr.'Adrhiaqnu e G ot
University of Amsterdam Psychology
Department. 4:15 p.m. Wed., Feb. 19,
Aud. B., Angell Hall.
Agenda Student Government Council,
Feb. 19, 1958, Council Room, 7:30 p.m.
Minutes of previous meeting.
Officer reports: President, letters,
speakers, Rising Enrollment Commit-
tee; Exec. vice-Pres., Chamber of Com-
merce, Council appointment, reom-
mendation, Air Flight; Admin. Vice-
Pres.; Treasurer.
Special Committees: Lecture Com-
mittee; Forum Committee; Rushing
Study Committee.
Related Boards: Human Relations;
Book Exchange.
Standing Committees: Elections, Ro-
ger Mahey; National and International-
South East Asia; Public Relations; Ed-
ucation and Social Welfare; Student
Activities Committee, International
Student Association, revised constitu-
tion, Odd Lot Club, requests recognition
Asian Honor Society, requests recogni-
tion; Activities, Mar. 15, Student Bar
Association, Chancellor's Court Ball 10-
1, Lawyer's Club.
Old Business-Change of name, Edu-
cation and Social Welfare.
New Business-- Members' time,
Constituent time.
IMPORTANT: Representative Charles
A. Boyer and Dr. John Jamarich will
be our guests. At 7:30 p.m. they will
discuss the work of the Study Commit-
tee on Higher Education. Mr. Boyer 14
Chairman of the Legislative Commit-
tee studying the needs of higher educa-
tion in Michigan. Dr. Jamatich is as-
sistant director of the Study Commit-
tee on Higher Eduction.
Academie Notices

Sociology I makeup final will be gir.
en Sat., Feb. 22 from 9:30-12:00 a.m.
in Room 5615 Haven Hall.
Actuarial Review Class for the Part
II Preliminary Examination will meet
on Wednesdays at 3:30 p.m. in Room
3209 Angell Hall.
Mathematical Statistics seminar: will
meet Thurs., Feb. 20, 3-5 p.m. in 3201
Angell Hall. Dr.. W. M. Kincaid will;
speak on "The Combination of 2 x n
Contingency Tables."
402 Interdisciplinary Seminar on the
the Application of Mathematics to So-
cial Science. "The Thought Process of
the Chess Player". A. D. De Groot, Uni-
versity of Amsterdam, Holland, 3:30
p.m. Thurs., Feb. 20, 3217 Angell Hall.
History Make-up examinations, Sat.,
March 1, 9-12 a.m., 429 Mason Hall. See
your instructor and sign the list in the
History Office, 3602 Haven Hall,
History Language Examination for the


The Need for Cooperation

STATE SENATOR John Swainson's measure
to create an authority to build a 15 million
dollar 100,000-seat stadium in Detroit seems
both impractical and needless.
Its impracticability lies in the fact that Sen.
Sanson's dream of a privatae bond issue to
finance the stadium is hardly what a person
would call a good investment. The only way a
stadium similar to the one Sen. Swainson pro-
poses could be profitably run is with a daily
schedule of events. This already looms im-
possible since the leading sports teams in
Detroit have politely refused to be tenants
in the proposed stadium. What is left to go
in the new stadium? Rodeos, prize fights in
the summer and possibly high school or college
~he £rhiuan Baflu

football games in the fall, hardly a sufficient
amount of activity to pay back an investor his
capital plus interest..
If private investment is not going to back it,
then it is very easy for the people of the state
to look in a mirror and see who will. However,
one it is brought back into the legislature as a
state appropriation, it will probably be pigeon-
holed since our Republican Congress and Dem-
Democratic Governor will both loudly affirm
that we have numerous very important needs
such as education and a growing state debt.
SWAINSON'S BILL also seems needless since
a 30-minute train ride from Detroit to
the Michigan Stadium siding opens up a vista
of athletic plants more than adequate for the
1964 Olympics, if Detroit does get the games,
The University's dormitories could provide

To the Editor:
HE DAILY of February 16 car-
ried a vehement statement by
the president of the Young Demo-
crats in defense of his organiza-
tion. However, this letter pointed
up a problem that is much more
crucial than any possibly inaccu-
rate editorial commentI.It is a
problem which underlies or whole
political system.
We are, for instance, told how
anxious the Democratic group is
to debate current problems, but
too often the kind of debate we
hear is merely name-calling and
pinning the tail of responsibility
on the ill-fated elephant in power.
,0 *
WE HEAR I-told-you-so's and
I-could-have-done-it-better's; we
hear of Republican recessions and
of Republican shortsightedness in
arms and education. And then we
hear how the Democratic Party
will "kiss and make better," a kind
of modern balm of Gilead.
The lines are drawn and the
battle ensues. Charge and counter-
charge we hear: from our editorial
pages to the floors of our legisla-
tive assemblies, from the public

of a democracy, such discussion
necessitates a joint assumption of
responsibility for current problems
and a respect for ideas and points
of view, whosoever may be their
spokesman. It implies a willing-
ness to accept that you may not
be right and, most important, it
is based on cooperative effort.
However, commitment to a po-
litical party or platform almost
necessarily precludes this kind of
discussion, for a party's first ob-
jective is the possession of power.
To achieve this it must discredit
its opponent and it must speak
guardedly, careful not to offend
the vested interest of any portion
of the electorate. It must convince
the great American public that it
has a cure-all, even though no
such elixir exists.
And when in this way a group's
concern is with power, and votes
rather than wisdom are the
measure of truth, we can hardly
expect it to formulate a truly con-
structive policy and we must be
content with the principle of ex-
pediency as the advisor of action.
* * *
IF OUR current party system is
a necessary institution in the
American political organization,


by Dick Bibler



y '
i t

capitalizing on the alleged mis-
takes of the other fellow for po-
litical or personal gafn constitutes
a perversion of our democracy and
is the greatest threat not only to
our security, but, more important,
to our ideal.s
-Robert A. Haber

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