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"When Opinions Are Free
Truth Will Prevail"
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
"Here, Together Under One Tent -"
_. / t.
AT THE STATE
.Doesn't Measure Up
4ALTHOUGH BILLED as the greatest thing since "Battle Cry," "Darby's
Rangers" doesn't measure up. It is a long film (one hour and 50
minutes) about "technicians in killing," so described by gentle-voiced
Colonel Darby (James Garner).
As a planner in the Pentagon. Darby convinces the brass that what
the Army needs is a tough battalion of volunteers to act as a sort of
javelin tip. "Rangers," he'd call them. The generals like the name and
Darby's soft-sell; it's only natural that he should be the leader. Darby
and his sergeant subsequently ship off for Europe.
It takes a lot of footage to gather up enough Rangers, and to
show what kind of men they are. Scrappers, all. And this is where the
TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 18. 1958
NIGHT EDITOR: JOHN WEICHER
Arab Pivot Man
WEARING ARABIAN robes, a flowing head-
piece, and driving a Cadillac, a new person-
ality arose last week to challenge President
Nasser's position in Middle East power politics.
This was King Saud, of Saudi Arabia.
As a consequence of the recent Jordanian-
Iraqi merger (the Arab Federation), Saud tem-
porarily holds the Middle East balance of
power. It appears that he could change the
course of Pan-Arabism by leaning toward either
the new federation, or Nasser's United Arab
Republic (Egypt-Syria) which was born two
Saud is a complex, eccentric, and therefore
interesting figure. He may be the richest man
in the world. He wields tremendoues power in
literally, a slave state. Saudi Arabia is a
large (870,000 sq. mi.), moderately populated
(6,500,000) nation and it might not be terribly
significant if it were not for the fact that-even
under limited conditions-it produces one-fifth
of the world's oil, much of it being piped to the
West. This is the foundation of Saud's power.
If he ever decided to cut off our oil supply,
Western catastrophe could result.
However, it does not appear at present that
Saud's new position of power will be calamitous
to the West. The Arabian has been cautiously
friendly in dealing with the United States, not
wishing to go against the Arab nationalist sen-
timent which opposes foreign interference of
any kind. However, Saud's relations with the
United States have been cordial, as evidenced
by his visit here last year, and by the fact
that he allows American companies to work in
his vast oil' fields. Of course, since he receives
tremendous sums of money through his oil
dealings with the West, he would oppose any
Arab move to cut off the free flow of petroleum.
SAUD ALSO is distrustful of Nasser, who al-
legedly attempted to assassinate him some
months ago. Although the Egyptian president
has publicly praised the Jordanian-Iraqi fed-
eration as a "blessed step which brings us
nearer the day of great unity," it is feared that
Nasser might attempt to liquidate King Faisal
of Iraq, King HUssein of Jordan, and Saud, if
he can find no other way to create a total
Although not agreeing with Nasser in policy,
Saud is an avowed Arab nationalist and strong-
ly opposes Communists. Therefore, fegardless
of tole direction he shifts his weight, an anti-
Soviet attitude will be maintained.
Saud cannot remain neutral because of con-
flicting pressures, including the running of his
pipelines through other committed states.
Which way, then, will he lean?
It is the guess here that he will side with
Jordan and Iraq, mainly because of his fear
of Nasser's power. However, this newest merger
will probably only be brought about if one
condition is guaranteed-that Iraq withdraw
from the Baghdad Pact. The Pact, a defense
alliance against communism composed of
Britain, Turkey, Pakistan, Iran, and Iraq with
backing from the United States, has greatly
antagonized Saud in the two years it has been
operating. If Saud were to federate with Jordan
and Iraq, he would almost certainly insist upon
Irag severing its Baghdad ties. This action could
lead to the death of the treaty, since it would
split the vaunted "northern tier" of states alig-
ned dgainst the Soviets.
AS FAR AS WE are concerned, however, the
Pact is already dead. It is impotent, both in
in wording and practical use. Nowhere are any
members obliged to fight communism, and, in
addition, the Reds have proved it useless in
actual application by hopping over the "tier"
to negotiate with Egypt, Syria, and Yemen.
However, granting that the State Depart-
ment would be concerned if the Pact died,
there are still, in our, opinion, many favorable
and important results to be gained from Saud's
merging with Hussien and Faisal.
First, as mentioned, communism would be
receiving another serious setback in its plans
for Middle East domination. Coming on the
heels of a snub by the anti-Red United Arab
Repubglic, this might well blow up the Red
Middle East "crash" program.
Secondly, Saudi Arabia and especially Iraq,
could better relieve the Arab refugee problem
by absorbing most of the 500,000 former Israelis
living on the Jordanian border.
Also, little Jordan, cowering between Egypt
and Syria, would be at least temporarily pro-
tected from the threat of attack by Nasser, who
wants to unify his republic. Jordan is extremely
poor and has been supported by American and
British subsidies. These would cease and the
burden would be passed to Iraq and Saudi
All this is not ugly from a Western viewpoint.
Indeed, to this observer, it is desirable. The
future now rests however, with King Saud
and action should not be long in coming.
- p+~~9S8 -rstE wA~, -G c,,~ srG
CHORAL UNION SERIES:
Detroit Symphony .Warm, Effective
A FEW thousand souls braved
sub-zero weather last evening
to hear a performance of nine-
teenth and twentieth century mu-
sic by the Detroit Symphony
Orchestra, making its first ap-
peaarnce here since 1948. The
orchestra was under the direction
of Paul Paray, now in his eighth
season as conductor.
The program opened with the
joyous Overture to "A Midsummer
Night's Dream" by Felix Mendels-
sohn. This product of youthful
precocity received a restrained
and yet energetic performance.
Written to be played by a small
orchestra, this composition usu-
ally seems to come out second best
when performed by our present
day symphony orchestras.
THE piece de resistance of the
program was the "Symphony in
B-flat major" by Ernest Chaus-
son. This work has a few really
fine moments. Chausson, a disciple
of Franck, composed little, but
with some care.
This, his only symphony, is
orchestrated with much finesse
but has the basic weakness of
simple, almost naive melodies.
The opening Leto and the chor-
ale-like ending remain the most
satisfying moments. The rest,
richly orchestrated, seems only as
an unfulfilled promise. The
orchestra responded with excellent
balance in this work.
The Suite from the Ballet Pan-
tomine, "Namouna" by Victor
Edouard Antoine Lalo is an ob-
scure, rarely heard composition.
This music is at best accompan-
iment for the dance. It contains
some attractive melodic material,
but lacks much of the vitality ex-
pressed in other works by this
* * *
THE TONE POEM, "An Amer-
ican in Paris," was the final se-
lection. This popular symphonic
work was played with imagina-
tion and sincerity. Here again a
good balance with strings and
winds plus much effective work
with dynamics resulted in a stim-
ulating musical product.
RUSSIA'S Army newspaper, Red
Star, claims there are now 33
million Communist Party members
in 75 nations. The breakdown gave
Indonesia one million; France was
said to have five million; and Italy
one and eigh-tenths million card
But mere numerical strength
doesn't spell harmony. Recently a
new purge of party "liberals",
erupted in East Germany, threat-
ening a revival of Stalinist terror
methods throughout all the satel-
Certainly the orchestra seemed
perfectly at home in this jazz
idiom. The blues sections, with its
hints of "Porgy and Bess," was
most effectively performed.
Clarinetist Paul Shaller dis-
played lovely tone in his few short
solo passages. Plaudits should also
go to Larry Wardrop, English
horn, for presenting a, warm and
most effective performance.
This was the Detroit Sympho-
ny's fourth appearance in the
Choral Union Series. Most of the
selections were only superficially
"good" - if we dare use that term
* * *
NO COMPOSITION represented
real maturity. The Mendelssohn
is chiefly remembered as an amaz-
ing result composition for a boy
of seventeen. The symphony is
like a great unfulfilled promise.
The 'suite can best be forgotten or
could possibly be put to better use
And finally, "An American in
Paris," certainly 'a perennial fa-
vorite, is only good because it
represents a relatively successful
attempt at using jazz in a sym-
Through all this the Detroit
Symphony was able to maintain
a truly professional level of per-
Consultative Urban Renewal
Second Front opens for the Rang-
ers-the battle of the sexes.
The Rangers train in the rugged
hills of Scotland. Because of a
temporary shortage of quarters, it
becomes necessary to billet these
steel-muscled fighters in local
homes. Inevitably, there is a come-
ly daughter or an unhappy wife
in every house. The scene shifts
ineptly from Rangers spanning
rivers on ropes to Rangers making
out with their inamoratas.
* * *
THIS SHOULD be enough in the
average war story. But the Rang-
ers trained hard and faithfully,
the Colonel is pleased, and men
get three-day passes to be spent
The javelin strikes first in North
Africa. The Rangers blow up a gun
emplacement, and the sleeping
Germans therein, among other
heroics. Then Darby's men javelin
up through Sicily. And every sol-
dier who's ever been in th Italian
theater gets to hang around Naples
for a while. So, too, the Rangers.
* * *
THEN IT'S TIME for the entry
of Lieutenant Dittman, West Point,
class of '42. The lieutenant is
everything a West Pointer should
be. The Rangers, from Darby on
down, manage to tolerate him. As
it should be.
All the other Rangers had their
kicks in Britain. It's the lieuten-
ant's turn in Italy. He meets
Angelina at a delousing station,
and she treats him to a dinner. He
wants dessert, and offers hard
But Angelina is a Nice Girl and
reproaches him. ("You cannot buy
everything with money, even in a
country you conquered.") She is
hurt and the lieutenant repents.
"The war cheapens everything,"
he tells her, and goes off to fight.
The Rangers knock of a few
more of the enemy (the first time
they are seen on the screen) and
hurry back to Naples. The lieuten-
ant in the meantime realizes he's
in love and promptly looks up
Angelina. She had the poor taste
of letting herself get pregnant,
and he gets roaring drunk over it.
* * *
THIS IS BAD for the team, and
Father Darby counsels the green
shavetail. Life, the Colonel tells
him, is not a well-ordered drill
field; forgiveness cannot be requi-
sitioned from a supply depot. The
lieutenant grows up instantly and
marries the girl. The child dies at
birth, to prevent plot complica-
The film is saved from sheer
dullness by the battle sequences.
Black-and-white photography is
used skillfully to convey the stark-
ness of battlefields. The tensios
and humour of war get reasonable
Without the weariness of its love
stories, the film might have suc-
ceeded in telling the story of
Darby's technicians. The acting is
good, but is limited by a poor story.
LETTERS ( 7
To the Editor:
BELIEVED that Michigan was
a university where there was
ample opportunity offered to stu-
dents who were willing to work
their way through school.tUnfor-
tunately, I have found the oppo-
site to be true.
Last semester I worked in a
residence hall approximately 10
hours a week if not more, and
with this money I contributed to-
ward my room and board pay-
ments. This semester I have more
time to work and signed up to
work 15-20 hours a week in this
same residence hall. I was given
7 hours a week of work, which is
hardly enough to save any money
in one's room and board pay-
This is my gripe: I feel that stu-
dents who have worked previous
semesters in their residence halls
should be given preference over
those who are just starting. And
I feel that those students who
only work two or three hours
weekly should be asked to either
work more or give up their posi-
tions, thereby allowing students
who really have to work to work
And I feel most strongly about
this point, that unless a student
really finds it necessary to work
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the Univer-
sity of Michigan for which the
Michigan Daily assumes no editori-
al responsibility. Notices should be
sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Build-
lug, before 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notes forSunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
TUESDAY FEBRUARY 18, 1958
VOL. LXVIII, NO. 96
College of Architecture and Design,
Main Floor Corridor: "Modern Church
Architecture." an exhibition circulated
by the Museum of Modern Art, New
York, shownunder the auspices of the
Museum of Art; Feb. 17 through March
4. Hours: Mon. through Fri., 8 a.m. to
10 p.m.; Sat., 8 a.m. to 5 p.m.; closed
Sundays. The public is invited.
Informal Discussion with Father John
Courtney Murray, Professor of Theology,
Woodstock College, 7:30 p.m., Tues.,
Fel- 18, west Conference Room, Rack-
ham Bldg. Sponsored by the Office of
Religious Affairs. Refreshments will be
Dr. Enoch Callaway of the Psychi-
atric Institute, University Hospital, Bal-
timore, Md., will present a University
Lecture in the Auditorium of Chil-
dren's Psychiatric Hospital on Tues.,
Feb. 18 at 8:00 p.m. The topic will be
"Focus of Attention." Sponsojed by the
Department of Psychiatry of the Medi-
Division of Biological Sciences: Dr.
Rene J. Dubos, member of the Rocke-
feller Institute, Consultant in Biology,
will speak on "Social Patterns of Di-
sease" at 8:00 p.m. in the Rackham
Amphitheatre, on Tues., Feb. 18.
English Journal Club, Laird Barker
will speak on "On Translating Homer:
The. Consideration of the Translation
of the Iliad, 9, by George Chapman and
Alexander Pope." Wed., Feb. 19, 8:00
p.m. East Conference Room, Rackham
Naval Architecture and Marine Eng-
neering: Special lecture on "Recent De-
velopments in Hydrodynamic Theory of
Ship Propellers" by A. J. TachmindjI,
head of propeller branch, David Taylor
Model Basin, U.S.N., Washington, D.C.
Wed., Feb. 19, 4:00 p.m., 325 West En-
ginereing. Departments of the College
of Engineering invited to attend.
Journalism Lecture by Phillips Tal-
bot, executive director, American Uni-
versities Field Staff, New York City, at
3 p.nr. Wed., Feb. 19 in the Rackham
Amphitheater, entitled "Communica-
tions with Asia - A Bamboo Telegraph
Age." The public is invited.
University Lecture: "A Roman Catho-
lic View of State University Education"
by the Rev. John Courtney Murray,
s. 'J., Professor of Theology, Woodstock
College, Maryland, Tues., Feb. 18, 4:15
p.m.,Aud. A, Angell Hall. Auspices- of
the Office of Religious Affairs and the
LS&A Committee on Studies in Reli-
Analysis Seminar. The first meeting
of the semester will be in room 3010
Angell Hal, Feb. 20, at 3:00 p.m. Dr.
D. S. Greenstein will speak on "Approx-
imnation Theory and Normed Linear
Doctoral Examination for Leroy Hew-
lett, Library Science; Thesis: "James
Rivington, Loyalist Printer, Publisher,
and Book Seller of the American Revo-
lution, 1724-1802; A Biographical-Biblio-
graphical Study," Wed., Feb. 19, East
Conference Room, Rackham Building
at 2 p.m. Chairman: R. L. Kilgour.
Doctoral Examination for William
Karnes Lucki , Chemical Engineering;
thesis: "The Evaluation of Nuclear Re-
actor Parameters from Measurements
of Neutron Statistics," Wed., Feb. 19,
3201 East Engineering Bldg., at 4:00
p.m., Chairman, S. W. Churchill,
Summer Opportunities for sociologi-
cally-minded students will be discussed
by Professors Blood and Sharp of- the
Sociology Department and Mr. Peterson
of the Bureau of Appointments on Wed.,
Feb. 19, at 4:00 p.m. in Room 2402
Mason Hall. All undergraduates are in-
Swift and Co., Chicago, Illinois has
an all-campus exhibit about their com-
pany on display in the Third Floor Hall
of the Michigan Union. Mr. R. R. Green,
Employment Manager will be there to
answer any questions until Wed., Feb.
Representatives from the following
will be at the Bureau of Appointments;
Thurs., Feb. 20, 1958
Dewey and Almy Chemical Company,
Division of W.R. Grace & Co.,- Cam-
bridge, Mass. Location of work - Cam-
bridge, Acton, Adams, Mass.; ' Lockport,
N.Y.; Cedar Rapids, Ia.; Chicago, Ill;
San Leandro, Calif.; Montreal, Quebec,
Canada; and five overseas plant.
Formed 1919. Approximately1400 em-
ployees at present. Diversified manu-
facturing of industrial chemical spe-
cialties. Men with degrees in Liberal
Arts or Business Administration for
Market Development and Sales, Pro-
duction Supervision and Accounting
and Finance. No formal training pro-
gram. t s,
Prudential Insurance Company, Min-
fHERESPONSIBILITY of the Ann Arbor
Citizen's Committee on urban renewal to
the 500 families living in the re-development
area is equally important-and perhaps equally
complex-as the planned surveys, reconstruc-
tion and repair.
Although urban renewal in Ann Arbor may
include plans for a relatively small percentage
of demolition, there are still valid grounds for
concern. Small percentages don't make much
difference to the person whose home is to be
From discussion at Thursday's meeting of
the citizen's urban renewal committee, it ap-
pears that committee members are intensely
concerned about the feelings of residents in the
And, while any area residents' objections to
urban renewal may decrease when the program
is fully explained to them, the committee and
the city planning staff still face the problem
of stemming material depreciation and at the
same time solving individual human problems.
IN ADDITION to possible problems including
lack of funds to make even minor repairs, the
committee may face objections that re-develop-
ment area residents are not receiving a voice
in running the project.
While trained city planners are needed to
plan and administer urban renewal, small
neighborhood meetings of area residents could
be very helpful in carrying out the city's plans
once individual problems have been solved. The
idea of holding block meetings was suggested
during the citizen's urban renewal committee
meeting Thursday. Other cities have drawn up
Bringing urban renewal closer to home, both
literally and figuratively speaking, may bring
area residents closer to co-operation with the
city and with each other in making necessary
THE CULTURE BIT:
'Panorama' Has Everything
By DAVID NEWMAN
INTERPRETING THE NEWS:.
By SAM DAWSON
NEW YORK (AP) - President Eisenhower's
frank admission that the number of jobless
is distressing-and may grow before times get
better-could clear the air.
His view that the turn of the tide should
cone in a month or so is aimed at calming
But even this may find disapproval among
some'who think that business, like diplomacy,
fares best in the aura of secrecy.
Perhaps you have been told by friends that
business would get better if everyone stopped
talking about it. .
S UCH CRITICS of public discussion hold that
the best way to treat the recession is to
ignore it-that if you never mention it, some-
how it will just go away.
Their argument usually is based on the
belief that Americans are prone to hysteria,
that confidence can be rebuilt by mentioning
only the favorable aspects of business and
pretending the unfavorable ones don't exist.
Many businessmen, however, seem to apply
a double standard to this.
On one hand, when talking to the salesmen
who supply them, they are quite frank in saying
why they aren't ordering ahead, why they
are living off stocks on hand, why they are
cancelling plans to build or otherwise expand
until general conditions are better.
On the other hand, some are likely to hold
that this state of affairs should be withheld
from the knowledge of their own customers.
THE CHARGE of hysteria often is brought
against the American public. It is pointed
out that war scare buying at the outset of the
Korean conflict was a prime cause of price
inflation-with a hangover that still throbs
intermittently in the nation's temples.
Mostly, however, the public has shown less
hysteria than those who bring the charge. The
public almost always has been the last to
believe that a recession is under way. Business
leaders have foreseen it-and acted accordingly
-long before the consumer has chdnged his
With few exceptions, consumers stop buying
only when their incomes are cut or threatened,
'IE UNIVERSITY FM Station,
WUOM, has long been a source
of delight to those who receive its
outpourings. Good music, both re-
corded and live, makes up most of
the bill. But radio plays, inter-
views, classroom lectures and
scholarly discussions appear with
The most exciting thing about
the station, for our money, is a
Saturday a f t e r n o o n program
We sat pretty much glued to the
radio this past Saturday, from
four in the afternoon until six,
listening to a fascinating potpour-
ri of enjoyable, interesting, and --
though we hesitate to use the
damning word -- worthwhile ra-
"Panorama" is a sort of radio
"Omnibus." As such, its range of
subject and mode of presentation
is practically limitless. It follows
that nobody will be bored all of
the time, in any case. This week-
end's show was so good that we
weren't bored any of the time.
* * *
IT BEGAN with a section they
call "The First Stage." This is a
series of BBC broadcasts present-
ing English drama from its be-
ginnings to the 1580's. At the pres-
ent time, the series is doing
Mystery plays. This week's was
called "The Nativity," using ele-
ments from the Wakefield, Coven-
try and Chester cycles in telling
the story of Christ's birth.
Three Jolly Shepherds. They
reach the stable where the Christ
Child has been born.
The fascinating thing about the
play was the total English quality.
Joseph afid Mary were a very lov-
ing, laughing couple, but, more
importantly, they were complete-
ly English. They spoke in Cock-
neyish provincial accents. The
frame of reference was English
right down to the food consumed.
* * *
Marys singing a lullaby, while in
the distance the three merry shep-
herds are heard singing their
bouncy song of praise . . . Mack
and Jill, working their scheme,
simulate a fake and comic birth
while, at the same time, Mary
gives birth to Christ.
Adapted for radio by John Bart-
on, the play was a memorable ek-
"Panorama" followed this with
an excellent new recording of the
Schumann song cycle "Nichter-
liebe." Then, in a moment you
can only get on FM, they played
T. S. Eliot reading his poem, "Ash
Wednfsday." Sounding like a very
intense schoolmaster, Mr. Eliot
read it very well.
The next item to be heard was
the original cast recording of
Leonard Bernstein's current hit
show, "West Side Story." Having
been lucky enough to have seen
the production, we were happy
with the whole, exciting score.
We were amused, though, when
the station suddenly cut off the
air during the uninhibited lyrics
of the "Officer Krupke" number.
By that time, all the questionable
radio material was done.
And, as a note to the program-
mer, you should have audited the
words to the "Jet Song" before
playing that on the air, if such
trivial matters worry you. If one
listens carefully, this makes "Offi-
cer Krupke" sound like a Sunday
School hymn by comparison.
"Panorama" ended with a long
broadcast, culled from Chicago's
WFMT, of jazz talker Studs Terkel
telling about "Giants,; of Jazz,"
with musical illustration.
* * *
THE WRITING and the reading
tended to be a bit florid and over-
blown at times (in the Count
Basie sequence we had Jimmy
Rushing saying, "Stick with it,
Count. Stick with it!" and Basie
saying, "Gee, we're not old-
fashioned after all!" while Terkel
remarked that the band's "pres-
ence of joy lifted the lowly spir-
its"), but the interesting material
and the fine music made the
whole thing worth it.
Biographies of Basie, Billie Hol-
liday, Woody Herman and Stan
Kenton were done, with varying
degrees of success. The Woody one