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May 18, 1958 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1958-05-18

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4

MISSILES,
WAR,. MEN
See Page 4,

Sir Y

:4Ia itJ

THUNDER SHOWERS

Sixty-Seven Years of Editorial Freedom

,No. 165

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, MAY 18, 1958

FIVE CENTS

Six Pa

efense Bill
[iange Seen
y McElroy
ays House, Senate
Vant Stronger Bill
ASHINGTON (AP) - Secretary
efense ,Neil McElroy predicted
3Fday that some senators are
g to want a stronger defense
ganization bill thlan was draft-
y a House committee.
cElroy said he expects efforts
be made in both the House
Senate to bring the bill more
ly in line with what President
ht D. Eisenhower wants.
Approved Friday
ie next action on the measure,
oved 32-0 Friday by the House
ed Services Committee, is due
e taken on the House floor,
aps within the next two weeks.
ter that it is scheduled to go
he Senate, which has not
n any action at all yet on
ident Eisenhower's defense re-
nization proposals.
Ike May Sign
le President was pictured by
congressional sources as will-
to sign the bill in its present
, although he has expressed
that some language in the
sure will be suitably adjusted
he House floor. .
menting on the House com-
ee version Friday night, Mc-
y said that 'while the bill
ns to have accomplished most
e President's major objectives,
in language will, in our opin-
impair efficient administra-

Chamoun Asks
Pu ble for Peace
BEIRUT, Lebanon () -- President Camille Chamoun took the
offensive yesterday and appeared on the way to crushing the week-
long upheaval aimed at toppling his pro-Western government.
With government security forces reported in control in all trouble
spots, Chamoun and Premier Sami Solh appealed for peace.
Seek People's Aid
They asked the people to help them defend the nation from out-
side forces - an obvious reference to President Gamal Abdel Nasser's

Pflimlin

Ready

To

Crusi

U.S. Raises
Lebanon Aid,
WASHINGTON ()-The United
States yesterday stepped up its
military aid to Lebanon and order-
ed a huge fleet of Globemaster
transport planes to Germany for
use in the Middle East "if needed."
Th e State Department disclosed
United States agreement to send
additional assistance to Lebanon's
beleaguered pro-Western govern-
ment. More tanks and more po-
lice-type equipment were under-
stood to be included.
Transports Take Off
At the same time, 18 three-
decker transports, each capable of
carrying a light tank, began taking
off from Donaldson Air Force
Base, S.C.
Officials said Secretary of State
John Foster Dulles has assured
Congress leaders, the lives and
property of the 3,000 to 4,000
Americans in Lebanon will be
protected.
May Evacuate Americans
A Pentagon spokesman said the
big 0124 transports, which can
carry 200 passengers or a 35-ton
load each, could be used to evacu-
ate Americans or for other, pur-
poses.
The State Department announc-
ndent said a Lebanese request to
speed up previously promised arms
and equipment had won United
States agreement. Also, it said
that "additional assistance' had
been requested, reportedly within
the past two weeks, and had been
granted.

United Arab Republic. Their
words appeared to have been, felt
instantly in this capital. The city,
perked up yesterday morning,
with more automobiles in the
streets, and shops opening their
doors. Fighting was petering out.
A United States airlift of riot
equipment - tepr gas bombs, hel-
mets, gas masks and ammunition
-arrived in Beirut for govern-
ment security forces.
Discouarge Tourists
But the forces were reported
well able to control remaining
pockets of resistance in the scat-
tered mountain areas.
The United States Embassy was
discouraging American tourists
against traveling in Lebanon but.
was not advising Americang to
leave the country.
Some trouble was reported in
lawless Mount Hermel in north-
east Lebanon where a guerrilla
force of Shiite Moslems were seek-
ing to cut off the Beirut-Damas-
cus road.
Expect Victory
The government expected its
better-equipped forces would re-
pel them.
Political maneuvering was un-
der way to bring peace to the.
mountain villages. Two warring
Druse leaders were reported talk-
ing peace terms after days of
mountain warfare. Parliament
was summoned back into session.
Shortly after trouble spread
across the nation May 10, Cha-
moun's government charged that
Egyptians and Syrians from Nas-
per's UAR were the instigators.
Chamoun's offensive is aimed
at proving that the government is
defending Lebanon's independ-
ence.

Debate First Move ,
Elaborating in a talk with re-
porters yesterday, the defense sec-
retary said the first effort to re-
vise the committee language prob-
ably will be made during house
debate. He also said he thought
some members of the Senate will
want a stronger bill.
4 "The House committee bill is a
compromise measure that would
give President Eisenhower sub-
stantially what he requested in
arrangements for streamlined
t command of unified forces.
World News
Roundup
By The Associated Press
SAGINAW-Circuit Court Judge
Eugene E. Huff decided yesterday
to bow to a State Supreme Court
decision ordering him to take an
assignment to a Detroit bench.
Huff had previously refused to
obey the court order, demanding
that he be allowed to stay in Sagl-
naw where he now holds court.
The Supreme Court had ordered
him to change benches to ease the
backlog of cases in Detroit courts.
LIMA, Peru - Police announced
yesterday the arrest of the-secre-
tary general of Peru's outlawed
Communist party and nine others,
charging they were responsible for
the riots that marked United
States Vice-President Richard M.
Nixon's appearance here May 8.
The alleged Red leader is Raul
Acosta. Arrested with him were
three other alleged Communist
chiefs including Antonio Bornaz, a
member of the newspapermen's
federation board and of the radio
announcers union; one worker,
and five students of San Marcos
University.
s '

De Gaulle's
Aide Pleads
For Support
ALGIERS (P) - Jacques Sous-
telle, chief political lieutenant of
Gen. Charles de Gaulle, arrived in
Algiers yesterday and declared
French national unity requiresrde
Gaulle's return to power.
Soustelle received a tumultuous
welcome.
His whereabouts a secret for two
days, Soustelle an four companions
came here in a private charter
plane from Geneva, Switzerland.
They had slipped across the
French border despite police efforts
to keep Soustelle under observa-
tion and away from Algeria.
Thousands ofrenthusiastic resi-
dents of Algiers, most of them
Europeans, swarmed to the broad
plaza fronting Government House
here to cheer Soustelle.
He appeared on a balcony arm
in arm with Gen. Raoul Salan,
military commander in Algeria,
and Gen. MacquesrMassu, main-
spring of the military-civilian
junta.
Texas A&M
Publications
Head Fired
Texas A&M's director of Student
Publications was recently dismiss-
ed "because his services had not
been satisfactory," The Daily Tex-
an revealed Wednesday.
The director had backed up the
editor of Texas A&M's Battalion
when he wanted to print a story
revealing the college's decision to
have compulsory military corps
next year for sophomores and
freshmen.
Material Requested
The president of the school and
the chairman of the Student Pub-
lications Board requested the ma-
terial withheld, but the story was
printed.
Quoted in The Daily Texan, the
director commented, "On other
problems such as-making A&M co-
educational-and athletics-beside
compulsory corps, the Administra-
tion tried to stop free information
rather than the trouble."
Teachers Can't Speak
"Teachers don't dare speak out
about the situation for fear of
losing their jobs," he said. "Also,
two A&M students were told to
'keep their mouths shut' after
they mentioned problems of the
School in other Texas cities."
"I know of many good professors
who are looking .for other jobs,"
he added. Two deans, The Daily
Texan pointed out, have recently
resigned.
The director "learned by ac-
cident" that his contract would
not be renewed for the coming
year. He has written and appealed
to the Board of Directors (equiva-
lent to the University's Board of
Regents) .with no results so far.
"I still don't know why," he said.

attempted Revolutior

DRAMA SEASON PRESENTS:
'Second Man' To Begin Tomorrow

"The Second Man" by S. N.
Behrman will be presented by the
University Drama Season for a
week's engagement beginning to-
morrow.
The sophisticated romantic
comedy will bring the team of
Vicki Cummings and Hurd Hat-
field to Ann Arbor to play the
roles made famous by the Lunts.
Miss Cummings, known as an
actress, vocalist and comedienne,
appeared in the 1956 Drama Sea-
son as Helen of Troy in "Tiger at
the Gates." She has appeared on
Broadway in "The Voice of the
Turtle," "Mid-Summer," "Luna-
tics and Lovers" and this season's
"A Palm Tree in a Rose Garden."
Appears on Television
In addition to experience with
summer stock and touring com-
panies, Miss Cummings has ap-
peared in more than 200 television
programs.
Playing the title role of the film
"Picture of Dorian Gray," Hat-
field first won recognition by the
critics. His most recent film is
"The Left-Handed Gun."
John O'Shaughnessy, New York
director of productions including
"Command Decision" and "Red
Roses for Me," will stage the play.
Ann Hillary and Ralph Purdom
will complete the cast of four.
Ballou Does Settings
Ballou, who has just been
signed to design the forthcoming
Broadway production of "The
Legend of Lizzie Borden," will de
sign the setting for the play.
Marianna Elliott is the costum-
iere.
"The Second Man" will be seen
at 8:30 p.m. Monday through
Saturday, with matinees at 2:30
p.m. on Thursday and Saturday.
Performances will be given in the
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
After this production, the Dra-
ma Series will present "Candida"
starring Nancy Kelly. "Separate
Tables" with Basil Rathbone and
Betty Field and "Holiday for Lov-
ers" starring Don Ameche.
Indonesians
Request Aid
JAKARTA () - Foreign Min-
ister Subandrio called in United
States Ambassador Howard Jones
yesterday to insist once more that
the United States help stop al-
leged foreign. intervention in In-
donesia's rebellion.
Subandrio stressed to Jones
that this country could not wait
much longer for results, because
the struggle in east Indonesia is
moving into a critical stage.
The meeting with Jones-one of
several in recent weeks-coincid-
ed with an Army announcement
of reports that Chinese National-
ists are fighting on the side of the
rebels in North Celebes.
About 60,000 Indonesians of
Chinese ancestry live in North
Celebes.
Nearly all support Chiang Kai-
shek, president of the Nationalist
China

VICKI CUMMINGS
... actress, comedienne

HURD HATFIELD
.. Broadway, television star

STARTLES U.S.:
Nixon Attack To Change
WASHINGTON () - Vice-President Richard M. Nixon's en-
counter with shocking displays of anti-United States discontent in
South America will result in recommendations for some Washington
policy shifts.
The riot-marred trip apparently has startled the United States
into the realization that Latin American - once thought a safe area-
has become a top problem, due to a stepped-up Communist drive
there.
Blames Policies
The vicious reaction to Nixon's tour could not have been so strong*
if the Red agitators had not been able to capitalize on a latent anti-
Americanism and antagonism to

Ely Resigns
After Arrest
Of generals

WASHINGTON - A coast-to-
coast superskyway 40 miles wide
and 15,000 feet deep is the next
prospective step toward air safety.
The Civil Aercnlautics Board an-
nounced this yesterday in a report
to Congress saying also that:
1) Flying is safe and is becoming
safer.
2) An engineering blueprint to
keep all aircraft at'a safe distance
from each other has been devel-
oped, but the major portion of it
can't be put into effect for at
least five years.
LONDON - Sputnik III com-
pleted its 29th circuit of the earth
at 10 a.m. EST.. yesterday Radio
Moscow reported.
r The satellite s instruments are
functioning normally and sending
valuable information to stations,
it said.
Student's Car

De Gaulle Annoi
Return to Paris
To Ask for Coni

Daily-Ian MacNiven
FIRST RUN-Ralph Hutchings scores Michigan's first run in the
first game yesterday. Hutchings scored from second when pinch-
hitter Bob Sealby's grounder was fumbled by Illinois second
baseman Casey Bakszcz.
I1in1i Conquer olverines
bleheder, 5-3,112
By FRED KATZ
Michigan's obituary to the 1958 Big Ten pennant race was written
yesterday at Ferry Field as Michigan succumbed twice to Illinois, 5-3
and 11-2.
The Wolverines were mathematically eliminated from any title
contention when Michigan State won twice. The league-leading Spar-
tans' record 1stands at 9-3, while
Michigan fell below the .500 markT
for the first time this year to five QUESTION FACT
wins and seven losses.
Same as Last Year
Yesterday's action marked the CB ere
second straight year that Coach n ferem
Lee Eilbracht's crew has removed
Michigan's championship hopes Three topics were discussed yes-
by sweeping a doubleheader. Up terday at Student-Faculty-Ad-
-until last year Eilbracht had suf- ministration Conference spon-
fered losses to Michigan for five sored by the Union, the University
consecutive years.' Calendar Committee's preliminary
Michigan's futility at the plate report; the question of student
was matched only by its inade- eadr;h a u i reltidns.
quate pitching. The visiting Illini leadership and alumni relations.
quae ptchng.Thevistin Ilini At the luncheon concluding the
smeared five hurlers for 24 hits. CoAfeence nesnc den t
The Wolverines came back with nference, University president
only 13 of their own. Harlan Hatcher spoke briefly.
It was the second time this sea- Hatcher emphasized the need for
son that Wolverine moundsmen higher education.
have done their utmost in "dis- Calendar . .
covering" unknown talent in an

United States economic policies.
Nixon, in a public report ex-
pected in about two weeks, plans
to suggest moves to counter the
Red threat. Other reports will go
to President Dwight D. Eisen-
hower, the State- Department, and
other government agencies.
Already Marked Out
The proposed shifts Nixon al-
ready marked out probably will
provide for:
1) A colder policy toward dicta-
torships, but without United
States intervention in domestic
affairs. Nixon is understood to
feel that seeming United States
friendliness to past and present
caudillos has become a ball and
chain on United States policy.
Diplomacy Shakeup.
2) A shakeup in United States
diplomacy. This would be aimed
at getting United States diplomats'
into closer contact with the people
who are going to have a big part
in the future in Latin America's
growing social and economic up-
heaval. The moves would be aimed
at university students and pro-
fessors, labor leaders, newspaper
and radio people.
3) Greater United States con-
sideration of economic moves af-
fecting Latin America's national
economies.

Excise Tax
Cuts Seen t
WASHINGTON (A') - House
leaders were leaning strongly yes-
terday toward limiting tax cuts at
phis session of Congress to select-,
ed excise levies.
On the basis of current think-
ing among top Democratic policy
makers, reductions in individual
and corporation income taxes are'
regarded as inadvisable at a time
when the government's books
show more and more red ink. r
None Male Yet
No final tax decisions have been
made, however, and none are in
immediate prospect.
Whatever decisions result, they
will be made jointly by Secretary
of the Treasury Robert M. Ander-
son, House Speaker Sam Rayburn
(D-Texas), and Rep. Wilbur D.
Mills (D-Ark.), chairman of the
House Ways and Means Commit-
tee, which originates tax legisla-
tion.
A friendly accord exists between
Anderson and Rayburn not to
jump the gun on each other's tax
proposals.
View Cuts Best
Meanwhile, House leaders are
known to hold the view that care-
fully designed cuts in some federal
excise taxes would be the most
effective tax action at this time.
They would be applied chiefly
to transportation, automobile and
possibly communication excises,
with the reduction perhaps spaced
gradually over two or three years.
Whatever action is taken possi-
bly will come when the House
Ways and Means Committee
moves to extend or revise a num-
ber of excises and the corporation
income tax rate before they lapse
automatically June 30.
Senior Tickets

PARIS () - Embattled Premier
Pfimlin told the nation last night
he will use all his extraordinary
emergency powers to crush the ef-.
forts of groups, right or left, at-
tempting a violent overthrow of
the French Republic.
With the threat of riot and
bloodshed in the air, the new pre-
mier:
1) Took to radio and TV to
plead anew for unity, law and
order.
Names New Chi ef of Staff
) Designated Gen. Henri Lor-
'llot, chief of staff of the army,
chief of staff of the' combined
armed forces to replace Gen. Paul
ElY, popular army figure and De
Gaulle sympathizer. Ely resigned
after the arrest of two air force
generals in a roundup of rightists.
3) Sent his personal envoy twice,
to see Gen.:Charles De Gaulle. The
envoy, Gov. Marcel Dieboldof the
Haute-Marne department, saw a
De Gaulle military aide on his first
visit.
The second time he talked with
De Gaulle, presumably about the
war hero's announcement he is
returning to' Paris tomorrow .to
talk about his offer to assume all'
power in France.
Arrives in Algeria
In other developments, De
Gaulle's right hand man and chief
parliament representative, Jacques
Soustelle, evaded police surveil-
lance and flew from Switzerland t6
a thundering welcome in Algeria,
hotbed of. Gaullism.
Defense Ministry sources con-
firmed the two air force generals,
Andra Challe and Jacques Martin,
were confined to "quarters some
distance from Paris. This is equiva-
lent to house arrest.
The Defense Ministry officially
said only that the two generals.
had been given a missionwhich
took them temporarily from the
Paris region. The ministry would
not say where.
Arrest Believed Cause
This action was believed to have
brought Ely's resignation.
Pflimlin went to the peopl a
few hours after the cabinet session
which named the new chief of
staff for the armed forces and
adopted the first measures under
the new emergency powers bill.
Pflimlin issued a call for unity
in his radio-TV talk after charging
that conspirators against France
had turned a demonstration in
Algiers into an insrrection by the-
adroit use of lies and false propa-
ganda.
Britain Asks
U.S. To Delay
Weapons Ban,
WASHINGTON ( - Britain
was reported yesterday to have
asked the United States to hold
off final action on suspending nu-
clear weapons tests until after
Prime Minister Harold Macmillan
has a chance to discuss the issue
with President Dwight D. Eisen-
hower here next month.
Since President Eisenhower Is
expected to go along with the re-
quest, this means that the test
problem will be one of the chief
topics of the June 9-10 Washing-
ton conference.
It is also expected to be possibly
the one issue on which agreement
can be reached in an East-West
summit conference, if such a
meeting is agreed on with Soviet
Premier Nikita Khrushchev.

ORY' SYSTEM :
Ice Hears Views on Calendar

Y
t
e
t
r
c

tions for a smooth transfer to this
system if it becomes necessary.
Prof. Dwyer added that all the
recommendations submitted by
his committee would be improve-
ments on the present calendar
and would have the additional ad-
vantage of preparing the Univer-
sity for the tri-semester year if
that ever becomes necessary.
One problem common to the
plan for both the two semester
calendar and the present 'plans
for any tri-semester program is

the new calendar students will be
well represented in the discus-
sions."
Might Impair Activities
Many of these people also ex-
pressed fear that the tri-semester
plan would impair the activities
of fraternities, , sororities and
extra-curricular activities.
If each student were to attend
only two of the three yearly se-
mesters, how, they asked, could
student groups develop continu-
ity, and how could the fraterni-

I

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