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"By God, I'm Going To Win A Victory Over Somebody" 1,MAY PROVIDE ANSWER:
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En trance to Space
ATURDAY, MAY 17, 1958
NIGHT EDITOR: PHILIP MUNCK
Rep. Warner Deserves Support
In Criticism of 'U' Job
By ALTON L. BLAKESLEE
Associated Press Science Reporter
NEW YORK (RP) - Soon, perhaps, a human being will leave this earth
for a fantastic ride in space.
He will soa around the earth in a satellite, then come safely home
After him will come other astronauts going to the moon or Mars.
On some distant day, humans may race at tremendous speed to distant
stars, there perhaps discovering planets peopled with creatures like us.
Practically all children and a handful of adults are eager to go.
But a huge number of other people are wondering what's the fuss
all about? Why go zooming around in space? Why keep shooting up
Vanguards and Explorers and Sputniks?
Why spend hundreds of millions of dollars on the nothingness of
spade? Because space is our new frontier, a richness of great potential
REP. JAMES WARNER (R - Ypsilanti) is Often the lobbyist's task is to sell;
right. lawmakers. He tries to convince thei
The salary paid to the vice-president of the special group deserves state suppo
University is an "unnecessary expenditure." amount it thinks necessary. As
William Stirton, former vice-president at Hatcher once put it, the University
Wayne University, was appointed to the posi- to sell the Legislature and the people
tion when it was created in March, 1956. gan, on the concept of quality higher
As Rep. Warner said, "When the University When a state senator says he kr
created the job, it diverted a large sum of hundred courses in the state's univer
money from needed pay raises for other faculty are not "practical" in helping a stu
members." pare for earning a livelihood, when a
resentative can say in a public hearir
IN DISCUSSIONS of the budget with legis- don't need more musicians, and when
lators, the University itself has stated time can justify cutting higher education
and time again that adequate salaries for fac- tions because the secondary schools d
ulty members is the primary consideration enough of the "Three R's," one can'
when planning a budget. feel that the universities haven't do
And when commenting on the University's good job in explaining their purpos
steps to adjust to this year's Legislative appro- least to certain members of the Legi
priation of 30 million dollars, officials from
President Harlan Hatcher on down emphasized N THE AGE of Sputnik and the ov
the need to provide funds for the faculty, even ing Russian scientific superiority, it
if it might mean cutting down on maintenance be necessary to have to sell education
of buildings or even the student enrollment. job, by any ideal standards, should b
By any rational standards, creating a posi- sary.
tion that diverts money away from faculty One must admit that Rep. Warner,
members is inexcuseable. But the million dollar cut in the U
operating appropriation approved by
OF COURSE Rep. Warner undoubtedly is other state legislators tends to argue
more aware than his constituents are of the After all, the "hold the line" eleme
lack of justification for Vice-President Stirton's Legislature says we must be "practicf
job. propriating funds. Perhaps they shot
For Stirton, the University's liaison man with nize the same element in creating jot
the legislature, spends a great deal of time in wise, they too run the risk of being
Lansing, especially when the lawmakers are idealistic and out of touch with re
considering the University's budget. In more political life.
common terms, he's a lobbyist. - MICHAEL1
More Work, Less Propaganda
an idea to
m that his
ort in the
y' task is
nows of a
rg that we
t help but
ne a very
se . .. at
y him and
nt in the
al" in ap-"
practical and philosophic bene-
People have always looked up
into the sky and wondered what
is out there. Space is associated
intimately with the mysteries of
life and the universe. Probing into
space will help satisfy man's in-
nate curiosity - and. perhaps
tease it some more, too. Satellites
are instruments for getting some
of the answers.
On one point there is no doubt:
tremendous worldwide prestige
showers down upon the country
which uses its scientific skills to
explore space, to advance human
knowledge, and share that knowl-
That reward is up for grabs be-
tween the Union of Soviet Social-
ist Republics and United States.
Space has important military
aspects. The most obvious is a sat-
ellite sky-spy, using TV or infra-
red rays to spot troop movements
or suspicious rocket launching
preparations anywhere on earth.
The sky satellite could be
equipped just with instruments,
or with men, also.
SOME military experts discount
the idea of using satellites as
rocket-launching stations. They
say it's far easier to do this from
One proposal is to build a huge
mirror satellite orbiting around
the earth, made of many small
mirrors whose movements can be
controlled. It could focus the sun's
rays like a magnifying glass. As
a war weapon, it could become a
finger of fire burning an empty
In peacetime applications, it
might focus just enough heat rays
to melt ice blocking harbors or
®96 eiE t s trooi'sr 4.
INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
French Settle To Normal Plateau
By J. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News Analyst
RUSSIA'S ton-and-a-half Sputnik III has
made the United States' military effort ap-
pear even more ludicrous than it has since .the
first man-made moon went up last October.
Discounting the fact that the best American ef-
fort has boosted only 31 pounds of metal moon,
the best United States rocket to date could not
orbit a half-ton moon.
A nationally-known rocket expert said in
Washington Thursday that chances are good
that we can have a moon that large up before
the end of the year, and perhaps come out
ahead in the race to hit the face of the moon.
A local missile expert said, however, that the
rocket which put Sputnik III into orbit could
hit the mdon now.
This would place the United States firmly
in second place in the moon-defense race, be-
hind Russia, but very much ahead of the
countries in Africa and South America. The
rocket which launched the giant satellite could
also deliver several thousand pounds of nu-
clear charge if used as an intercontinental bal-
listic missile. This would give the Russians a
weapon which we have not yet been able to
SATELLITES are helpful for space travel
since they provide much-needed data con-
cerning outer space conditions. The Russian
satellite is capable of carrying a man, and this
would be the final test which could quickly
lead to manned space flight. This field is open
to the Russians, but appears blocked to the
United States. The satellite thus has produced
many overtones and opened many possibilities.
The United States, meanwhile, has suffered
another prestige defeat. Vice-President Nixon's
"sticks and stones" fiasco of this week may
see repetition as the rest ,of the free world
begins to re-choose sides in the cold war. Such
defeats as the United States has suffered in
the last week cannot go on much longer with-
out many nations deciding that Russia is "the
wave of the future."
THE UNITED STATES is placed in an em-
barrassing situation by Sputnik III. The
"recession" has not made the American econo-
my appear the shining goal it once was, and
socialism,- or Russian "democracy," looks
the rosier to the world's have-nots. While war
production will step up any economy, "to each
according to his need" wins the slogan race
Satellites seem unimportant in themselves,
mere hunks of metal we can get along nicely
without, yet on second glance they are, right
now, more important than balanced budgets
and the 40-hour week.
A little more effort in the missile race can
win world moral support and save untold cost
in balloons and leaflets.--
FRANCE appears to be moving
down from a peak of crisis to
the plateau of crises which has
been her lot since the war.
Parliament's vote of emergency
powers for the Pflimlin govern-
ment is a direct vote against the
extension of power to Charles de
Reported apathy on the part of
the crisis-conditioned public and
the passage of hour after hour
with climactic action raised hope
that fears for the life' of the
French Republic were' premature.
EVEN before the vote, military
circles in Algiers which called for
an immediate solution of the Al-
geria problem through the return
of De Gaulle were talking about
using him as a mediator rather
than a dictator.
There is just a possibility that
they feel the time of climax was
passed three days ago when Gen.
Massu's call for De Gaulle failed
to produce the coup or other direct
action in Paris.
The re-entry of De Gaulle into
active politics caused great fears.
Among them was the possibility
that activist followers and some
of the army might attempt to
force their way back into power.
The words "civil war were freely
But the call from Algiers was
timed to prevent Parliamentary
approval of Pierre Pfiimlin as pre-
mier, and failed to do so.
Given the authority by Parlia-
ment, he will have the police pow-
er to prevent public meetings,
close avenues of agitation such as
broadcasts and travel, and in gen-
eral stamp out the revolt. His in-
terior minister, a Radical Socialist
whose party has been firmly
aligned with Pflimlin's in the
crisis, has a security force which
practically amounts to a fully-
.equipped army of around 20,000
This is in addition to city police
One trouble in trying to assess
the situation is that there are so
many shades of politics in France,
and therefore so many assump-
tions presented as facts.
A return of De Gaulle to power
was widely accepted as meaning
the end of democratic government.
Yet De Gaulle, from 1944 to 1947,
let crisis after crisis pass without
blocking the road to restablish-
ment of the republic. He finally
retired for lack of executive power.
Interested almost solely in
French affairs, De Gaulle was a
thorn in the side of the Allies dur-
ing" the war, but never seceded, by
He tried to do business with the
Soviet Union in 1944, but so did
Churchill and Roosevelt in 1945.
De Gaulle might not be good for
France, or Algeria. He might not
mean utter disaster, either.
At any rate, his announcement
of availability created no wave of
ei -her popular or official response.
sea lanes, or to supply just enough
heat to keep frost from wiping
out orange crops. Or perhaps
supply light to illuminate entire
cities all night long, with no elec-
A great prize predicted from
space is amazingly accurate long-
range weather forecasts.
Using TV cameras, one or more
satellites could see the birth of
storms, watch cloud movements
all around the world, follow
weather in the making, spot hur-
ricanes and their paths.
Two or three satellites in orbits
some 22,000 miles from earth --
travelling just fast enough so they
in effect remained stationary over
the same spot-on earth - could
be relay stations providing instan-
taneous worldwide TV transmis
Space might also offer us a kind
of fountain of youth. For by one
interpretation of some of Ein-
stein's findings, you would stay
younger much longer if you went
racing about in space than if you
stayed home on earth.
Our space age began last Octo
ber when the U.S.S.R. launched
Sputnik I. No one can quite fore-
tell where it will take us. But most
space scientists predict there
wards will be great, and that they
will benefit mankind.
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the Univer-
sity of Michigan for which the
Michigan Daily assumes no editor-
ial responsibility. Notices should be
before 2 p.m. the day preceding
sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Building
Daily due it 2:00 p.m. Friday.
SATURDAY, MAY 17,'958
VOL. LXVIII, NO. 164
June graduates may now order their
caps and gowns at Moe's Sport Shop
on North University.
University Hospital open House
"Medical Care - Yesterday and Today."
Sun., May 18, 2:00-4:30 p.m., Outpa-
tient Bldg., U. Hospital.
Student Recital: James Berg, bass-
baritone, who studies voice with Chase'
Baromeo, will present a recital in par-
tial fulfillment of the requirements for
the degree of Master of Music, in Aud.
A, Angell Hall on Sat., May 17, 8:30 p.m.
Mr. Berg will perform compositions by
Bach, Wolf, Verdi, Thomas, Puget,
Chausson, Duparc and Dvorak. Open
to the public.
Musicale: The Mu Phi Epsilon-Phi
Mu Alpha Musicale will be held in Aud.
A, Angell Hall Sun., May 17, 4:15 p.m.
Participating in the program will be
Ann Buckingham, Nancy Ferrand, Mar-
lene Paxson, Robert Stasiuk, Shirley
Lee, NancyGamble, Kathleen Course,
Janet Gardner, Therese Mueller, Sue
Leffler, Albert Blaser, Southard' Bus-
dicker, Robert Wo ciak, and Richard
Wilson. Compositions by Mozart
vaughn Williams, Quilter, Gould, Ber-
lioz, Gliere, Bach, Barber and Uhl
will be included on the program. Oen
to the public.
Student Recital: Dan Pressley, tenor,
(Continued on Page 5)
Opaposing Parties Coexist
m By DREW PEARSON
(EDITOR'S NOTE: Following Is
Drew Pearson's fourth dispatch from
Rome in coverage of upcoming Ital-
ROME-The Italian people have
been voting for 2,600 years.
They started when Tarquinius the
Etruscan arrived in Rome 600
years before Christ and began elec-
tio-ieering to have himself made
king, and they have survived the
Caesars, Mussolini, Charlie Poletti
and Clare Boothe Luce.
In the election that comes up
eight days hence they will have to
survive a battle between so many
splinted parties that the uniniti-
ated who tries to slide down the
cellar door of Italian politics is
likely to get his backside badly
* * *
THE ITALIAN voting system also
leans so far backward to give a
break to the little parties that the
two big parties - the Christian
Democrats and the 'Communists
have to win about 800,000 more
votes each over 1953 merely to
hold their present strength in
Parliament. It'.,-a voting system
in which every group and shade
of public opinion gets represented
and where everyone is required to
The penalty, if you don't vote,
is to have the unpatriotic words
"he did not vote" marked on docu-
ments you may require from the
government in the future.
A confusing array of 15 different
political parties will confront the
Italian voter when he walks into
the polls next Sunday, all repre-
sented by symbols-the cross for
the Christian Democrats, the ham-
mer and sickle for the communists,
Ivy for the Republicans, lions for
the Monarchists. Some of these
parties are led by ardent cham-
pions of the United States such as
Randolfo Pacciardi, former Min-
ister of Defense and head of the
Republicans, whoworked for the
International Ladies Garment
Workers in New York while exiled
* * *
BUT BASICALLY this election
boils down to a struggle between
the Christian Democrat party,
which has the support of the Vati-
can and is strongly pro-United
States, and the Communists, who
are anti-Church and anti-United
The amazing thing about this
election, to an outsider, is the
manner in which these two major.
parties, diametrically opposed on
almost every issue, are peacefully
campaigning against each other
without incident, without too
much rancor and with a live-and-
let-live tolerance only to be found
perhaps in the Italian people.
. * *
RIGHT in front of the church
of Saint Mary Major is flaunted a
large cloth banner which reads
"Vote Communista." Behind the
church is another banner with the
same slogan. Both feature the
hammer and sickle of Soviet Rus-
sia. They are fixed to electric poles
by special permission and have
a right to remain where. th'e
churchgoer can see themras he
enters and leaves church.
In one public square is a huge
Communist banner flaunting - the
hammer and sickle. Beside it is
the banner of the Christian Demo-
crats featuring the cross. Both are
attractively painted and expensive.
No one tears them down.
"When 30 per cent of the people
are Communists you have to get
along with them," explained one
Italian official. "After all, they are
(Copyright 1958 by Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
TODAY AND TOMORROW:
Another Pearl Harbor
By WALTER LIPPMANN
ONCE THE Vice-President and his wife are
back home, and after all the official regrets
and apoligies have been received and' accepted,
the immediate question before us is how it
happened that the Nixons were exposed to these
outrages. It is manifest that the whole South
American tour was misconceived, that it was
planned by men who did not know what was
the state of mind in the cities the Vice-Presi-
dent was to visit. For what has happened should
never have been allowed to happen, and those
who are responsible for the management of
our relations with South America must answer
to the charge of gross incompetence.
It is essential that this charge be investigated
either by the Foreign Relations Committee of
the Senate or, perhaps preferably, by a panel
of specially "qualified private citizens. We must
fix and we must correct the causes which led
our officials into this fiasco-into what it would
not be exaggeration to call a diplomatic Pearl
-Harbor. Unless and until this is done, there is
no chance that we shall profit by the lessons
of this bitter experience. We must know why
the planners of the trip were so ignorant, so
ignorant about so many countries, so ignorant
of what it is suitable and what it is not suitable
for the Vice-President of the United States
to do when he goes abroad.
Before we can do anything to improve our
position in Latin America, we must deal with
those who have made such a mess of our posi-
IT IS ALMOST certainly a coincidence that
that simultaneously there are crises in
Lebanon and in Algeria and that in each there
have been violent manifestations against the
United States. In South America the hostility
which has been shown is directed primarily at
our own acts of omission and commission. In
Lebanon and in Algeria we are not principals
but are entangled in the quarrels of others.
About Lebanon the evidence is not clear but
there are grounds for suspecting that there are
Syrians and Egyptians who are intervening in a
bitter internal struggle which centers on the
re-election of President Chamoun. There are
reports that as many as 500 have infiltrated
themselves into Lebanon. The violence they are
perpetuating has a' strong resemblance to the
THE EVENTS in Algeria are the most im-
portant of all. They may well be the central
crisis in the North African story, the crisis
which leads either to catastrophe or to the
beginning of recovery. Until now there has
never been a government in Paris which was
strong enough to win the Algerian war or
.strong enough to negotiate a settlement of the
war. The center parties in France, which lie
between the Communists on the left and the
semi-Fascists on the right,-have been paralyzed
by a very powerful minority composed of the
French settlers in Algeria, the vested interests
in France which do business there, and portions
of the French Army.
SOUTH AMERICAN DEMONSTRATIONS:
History, Distrust Underlie Attacks on Nixon
By BARTON HUTHWAITE
Daily Staff Writer
A STRANGE mixture of jealousy
and distrust fanned smolder-
ing anti-American resentment
into flame this past week.
Hurling rocks, eggs and insults,
thousands of Venezuelan rioters
demonstrated in protest when
Vice-President Richard M. Nixon
arrived in Caracas.on the last leg
of his eight-country "good will"
The mob demonstrations spring
from a variety of different causes.
According to observers on the
scene, Communists played an ac-
tive role in inciting the crowds to
violence. But the Communists,
strong as they may seem on the
surface, are not the basic force
behind the present wave of anti-
panies quickly recognized a source
of much-needed raw materials in
the continent while the Latin
Americans could see employment
and profits benefits.
But the problem arises when the
American companies finding
cheaper supplies elsewhere, decide
to discontinue their Latin Ameri-
South American nations have a
tendency to base their national
economy on one basic commodity.
Disaster strikes when the Ameri-
can companies end their opera-
The Latin American loses his
job, security and hope. He quickly
blames Washington for his econ-
omic downfall and turns to cries
of "Yankee Imperialism." Having
no other major commodity to turn
to, the country is thrown into
ment exploded wlien Nixon made
his recent tour.
On the surface, government of-
ficials in the South American
countries visited by Nixon dis-
played no emphatic demands for
increased economic assistance.
But the fact remains that many
observers interpreted the Vene-
zuelan government's lack of ade-
quate protection preparation for
the Nixon visit as indicative of
The show of force by President
Eisenhower in the Caribbean area
may also bring bitter denuncia-
tions of the United States' "Good
In any event, the United States
government must shift its atten-
tion to the present deterioration
of U.S.-Latin American relation-
ships. Economic assistance and
political maneuvering will con-
-tinue to play an important role
in American foreign policy south
of the border.
§m m ' .........'s