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May 13, 1958 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1958-05-13

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NAACP CENSURE:
*TWO VIEWS
See, Page 4

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Sixty-Seven Years of Editorial Freedom

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XVTTT. N6 160

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, MAY 13, 1958

FIVE CENTS

Jury Indicts
Drug Firms
On Violation
Five Companies Deny
Planning Price Fix
TRENTON, N.J. (P)-A federal
grand jury yesterday charged five
big drug companies with violating
the antitrust laws in the sale of
polio vaccine to governmental
The five were indicted for con-
spiring to fix prices and eliminate'
competition in the sale of the vac-
tine to federal, state and local
governments.
The bulk of the 125 million dol-
Lars of vaccine sold from the time
the Salk formula was announced
until the end of 1957 went to public
agencies.
The firms are: Eli Lilly & Co.,
Indianapolis, Ind.; Allie Labora-
tories, Inc., Kansas City, Mo.;
American Home Products Corp.,
New York City; Merck & Co.,
Rahway, N.J.; and Parke, Davis
& Co., Detroit.
The defendant concerns denied
the charges.
Cutter Laboratories of Califor-
nia was also licensed to produce
the vaccine but the Justice De-
parment said the company stopped
production at the time of the
alleged violations. Cutter halted
production when questions were
raised, as to the safety of its pro-
duct.
Assistant Attorney General Vic-
for R. Hansen, in charge of the
antitrust division, said in Wash-
ington:
"The indictment returned yes-
terday charges 'that vaccine pro-
ducers have combined to submit
niform bids to public agencies, to
adopt noncompetitive terms and'
conditions of sale, and to estab-
lish uniform pricing enethods.
"Price-fixing activities involving
such a significant industry and
such substantial sales require
criminal action by the depart-
ment."
Congressmen
Vote Pay Hike
To Servicemen

Board Approves
House for Grads
By WILLIAM RANSOM
A recommenda.tion converting Tyler House, East Quad, into an
all-graduate house was unanimously approved by the Residence Hall
Board of Governors yesterday.
The Board later rejected a proposal to turn Prescott House, East
Quadrangle, into an experimental all-freshman house. The vote was
five to three, with two abstentions. A substitute suggestion by Prof.
Lionel Laing of the political science department that Prescott be
opened to both graduate and transfer students n s.order of priority,
met informal agreement. No official vote was necessary on the. latter.
proposal as it did not constitute a new policy change, the Board decided.
Ignore NAACP Charges
No action was taken on the charges made Saturday by the Michi-
gan State Conference of the National Association for the Advancement

Moab Bujrns
U.S. Library
In ILebanon
BEIRUT, Lebanon UP)-- Angry.
mobs shouting; for the downfall tof
Lebanon's. pro-Western govern-
ment burned another United
States library yesterday.
In northern Lebanon,. an Iraqi
oil pipeline was blown up. Strikes
and shootings spread up and down
the country.
Rioters smashed through a po-
lice guard outsidethe United
States Information Agency library
in Beirut, hurled books and furni-
ture into the street and set them
ablaze. Then they put the torch
to the interior.
A general strike brought trans-
portation and business to a stand-
still yesterday. At least four oth-
er buildings were' set afire. Auto-
mobiles were overturned.
Riothers and reinforced security
Aorces exchanged fire several
tmesat different points in the,
city.
At least five persons-includ-
ing a woman and a child -- were
reported killed and 20wounded in
this fighting.
The, library fire wnas the second
in Lebanonin three days. A mob
supported by demonstratrs with
stolen guns destroyed a rSIA li-
brary in Tripoli Saturday.
Eleven persons were killed and
1I6 wounded in the fighting that
day with government security
forcesr.
Trian gles T71ap
From 'neath the heels of dusty
feet,
Within the vitals of the Arch,
The Great Bronze Seal called loy-
al men
In the' deal of night to march.
So came the men of TRIANGLES.
Once more beneath the pointed
spires
Now faces toiled with fear;
The seal of Triangles again shone
bright,
Cleansed with blood and fear.
So came: Frank Mabley, James
Martens, Donald McNeal, James
Moss, Nicholas Liakonis, Richard
Schwartz, Barry Peebles, Robert
Rusnak, David Brown, Paul Beck-
er, Delki Dozzi and William Fehl-
berg, all '60E, and Prof; G. V.
Edmonson, honorary member.

of Colored People that the Univer-
sity was practicing dormitory seg-
regation. University Vice-President
for Student Affairs and Board
chairman James A. Lewis pointed
out that "the Board has had a
committee studying. the problem
for the past six months and they
are simply proceeding to complete
their report."
Board member Drake Duane, '58,
Inter-House Council president who
is serving on the study committee,
expressed hope that the commit-
tee's report "will clear up this.
matter."
The report is scheduled to be
presented at next Tuesday's Board,
meeting.
Change Admission Poliey
The conversion of Tyler and
Prescott Houses followed last
week's similar move bythe Board
to, turn Frederick House, South
Quadrangle, into graduate facili-
ties. Under consideration in both;
instances was a report by the
Board's Michigan House Plan
Committee asking that experimen-
tal houses be established in the
residence hall system. The com-
mittee had recommended, how-
ever, that both Tyler and Prescott
become freshman houses. All three
will be vacated by women residents
in the fall.
Admission of graduates to the
residence halls constitutes a
change in Board policy accordingl
to Assistant Dean of Men Peter
Ostafin.
"Previously only a limited num-
ber of first year dental and medi-
cal students were admitted, as
space was available," he pointed
out.
"But anexception has always
been made, he added, for any stu-
dent who, because of his color,
could not find other desirable
housing."
Board Criticized
In turning back the original
proposal for Prescott House, the
Board drew criticism fromDuane
and IHC President-elect Robert
Ashton, '59.
"I'm most disappointed with the
Board's decision," Duane said.
"The recommendation represented
careful consideration and study.
We were well aware of its weak-
nesses, but these were not the
points on which the rejection was
based," he said.
Ashton declared that "the Board
of Governors rejected an oppor-
tunity to initiate a major educa-
cational policy within the resi-
dence halls."
Arguments against the proposal,
which would have required a fac-
ulty advisory council along with
three additional staff members
See BOARD, page 6

SEVERIN:
Building
May Stop
Recession
WASHINGTON (P) - Home
building may be the industry which
will lead us out of the current busi-
ness recession.
That optimistic estimate came
yesterday from President Nels G.
Severin of the National Associa-
tion of Home Builders, who said it
was based on widespread industry
reports of a healthy spurt in build-
ing.
Such reports were bulwarked by
a request from President Dwight
D. Eisenhower's administration for
authority to insure four billion
dollars more in home loans under
the Federal Housing Administra-
tion program.
Gain in Applications
Albert M. Cole, administrator of
the Housing and Home Finance
Agency, said there has been such
a substantial gain in loan applica-
tions that FHA's present loan au-
thority may be used up by June 10.
Accordingly, he asked a Senate
Banking subcommittee to boost
from three billion dollars to seven
billions the amount of insurance
the FHA could issue between now
and June 30, 1959.
Looking ahead, Cole said the ad-
ministration wants to raise from
three billions a year to four bil-
lions its request for FHA loan au-
thority in the four years beginning
July 1, 1959.
Quick Action Probable
Chairman John Sparkman (D-
Ala.) of the subcommittee said he
and Sen. Homer Capehart (R-
Ind.) would sponsor the necessary
resolution.
"I think the Senate will , act
quickly on it," he said.
In a nonhousing economic de-
velopment, the Commerce Depart-
ment reported that wage and sal-
ary payments dropped again in
April.
Personal Income Rises
It said personal income rose,
however, by 600 million dollars,
because of the distribution of un-
employment compensation bene-
fits and other government pay-
ments. .
The gain brought personal in-
come to an annual rate of $342,-
800,000,000 or four and one-half
billion less than the record high of
last August.
Severin gave much credit for
the housing gains to this Spring's
housing law.rThis made new funds
available for mortgages, lowered
down payment requirefments on
some government - insured mort-
gages and extended the GI home
loan program another two years.
Severin said this law should
boost new home starts by 100,000
to more than a million this year.
There were 991,000 last year. He
said the easing of mortgage credit
had swift benefits.
International
'Living Group
Elects Board
Officers of the Board of Trustees
of the Council for International
Living were elected at the annual
meeting of the Board held yes-
terdtay.
The Council includes Prof.
James M. Davis, Director of the
International Center, chairman;
the Reverend H. L. Pickerill, vice-
chairman; Mrs. Archibald Sing-
ham, secretary; and Robert Woo,
treasurer. All are new officers ex-

cept Woo, who was re-elected.
Elected to the Executive Com-
mittee were the Reverend DeWitt
Baldwin, Ca-ordinator of Religious
Affairs and retiring chairman, and
Ralph Morrill.
The Council for International
Living promotes international and
intercultural understanding, espe-
cially through the four member
houses, which are: J. Raleigh Nel-
son House for International Living,
Tappan House, Fields Center and
Harrison House.
Also elected to the Board of
Trustees were Prof. Sibley W.
Hoobler of the medical school, Jim
Bob Stephenson of the speech de-
partment, Prof. John W. Hyde of
the architecture college and Laurin
Hunter.
Street Closing
Permit Denied
The Ann Arbor City Council

APLCriticism

Warrante

a,

Report Deals
With Action
National
(EDITOR'S NOTE: Following is the
text of a letter sent by the local
chapter of the American Associatin
of University Professors to the na-
tional AAUP before the censure of
the University by the national.)
1) The Chapter expresses its
thanks for the thorough and con-
scientious study of the proceed-
ings made by the investigating
committee, and for the detailed
statements about the two dismis-
sal cases which the committee has
provided. The Report presents a
clear and accurate history of the
events which took place in the
summer of 1954 in Ann Arbor, and
judiciously draws attention to
important issues which have been
canvassed by the Chapter. The
effect of the committee's state-
ment is in these respects certain-
ly beneficial.
Recognize Differences
2) In its review of the actions
with which the Report deals, the
Chapter was conscious that there
are very significant differences
between the atmosphere and gen-
eral situation now existing in the
University and the conditions in
which the 1954 hearings were
held. It notes with satisfaction
that the important statements
relevant to some issues which
then arose have been published
since 1954 by the AAUP. These
provide significant clarifications
of points at issue in the cases un-
der discussion., The Chapter re-
grets that these statements were
not available when the cases were
heard.
Interference Absent
3) The Chapter was reminded,
in its deliberations, that the Uni-
versity of Michigan had made
earnest attempts, in anticipation
of such problems as those pre-
seted by the suspensions of 1954,
to provide suitable procedures, In
the shaping of which the Univer-
sity Senatehad a prominent part.
The Faculty committees which
conducted the hearings were,
moreover, constituted of repre-
sentative and distinguished Pro-
fessors who enjoyed the full con-
fidence of their colleagues, and.
who met their responsibilities in
an able and conscientious fashion.
During their deliberations they
were not embarrassed by inter-
ference or pressure from the Ad-
ministration.
Procedures Faulty
4) The Chaptei' is aware that
some of the 1954 procedures, prop-
erly criticized in the Report, were
faulty. It calls attention to the
a t t e m p t s subsequently made,
largely through Faculty action, to
remedy these proceduraladeficien-
cies, and to the cooperation given
by the Regents through their en-
actment of the present By-Law
5.10. Since this By-law is not yet
entirely satisfactory, it proposes
to give additional study to its pro-
visions, and to try to.effect furth-
er improvements.
5) The Chapter is also well
aware of the confusions which re-
sulted from the "blending" of
procedures which occurred, and of
See TEXT, page 6

IN VENEZUELA:
Nixon's Aides Warned
Of Assassination Plot
BOGOTA ,Colombia ()-An aide to Vice-President Richard M.
Nixon said yesterday authorities have an unverified report that an at-
tempt might be made to assassinate Nixon in Venezuela today.,
An earlier announcement in Washington said Nixon's body-
guards have been warned to watch out for a possible plot.
U. E. Baughman, United States Secret Service chief, said he had
received the unverified report but his assessment of the situation was
that there is "nothing to alarm anyone."
Security Changes Made
United States Embassy officials in Caracas, the Venezuelan capi-
tal, said they knew nothing about the report announced in Washing-
ton. They said maximum security '
arrangements have been madef lamesReds
and no changes are contemplated.
They also declared the assassina-

WASHINGTON )P - Congress
voted a pay raise for the armed
forces yesterday.
In short order, the House and
Senate passed a compromise bill
which will give servicemen an ex-
tra 576 million dollars the first
year of operation.
President Dwight D. Eisenhower
is expected to sign the legislation'
in time for the raises to take effect
June 1.
To Encourage Careers
Almost all servicemen with two
years f or more in uniform would
receive increases ranging from 6
to 60 per cent. The biggest raises
would go to the senior ranks.
The main purpose of the bill,
however, is to encourage trained
personnel to make the military
profession their career.
It provides for special responsi-
bility pay for a limited number of
officers in ranks from captain to
colonel. and, the naval equivalents,
and special proficiency pay' for a
selected group of noncommissioned
officers.
The House accepted most of the
changes the Senate made in the
measure. These generally reduced
the pay scales originally adopted
by the House and brought the esti-
Lmated cost in the, first year down
by 107 million dollars.
The bill contains a six per cent
cost-of-living increase in retire-
ment pay now going to some 3 00,-
000 retired servicemen.
President Urged Raises
Personnel in the Coast' Guard,
the Public Health Service and the
Coast and Geodetic Survey would
also receive raises.
President Eisenhower has urged
higher rates of pay "for military
personnel as one way of attracting
good men into the armed forces
and keeping them there.
The compromise differs from
the Senate bill in only one respect
-it would permit a boost in re-
tirement benefits for three- and'
four-star admirals and generals,
already on the retired list, at a
cost of about $400,000.
Group Names
LS&A Posts

tter

Tern

tion report did not originate in
Caracas.
William Key, administrative as-
sistant to Nixon, confirmed the-
Washington disclosure.
Had Earlier Reports
"We had reports of the possi-
bility of violence and specifically
that an assassination attempt
might be made," Key said.
Key, in Bogota with Nixon on
the Vice-President's South Ameri-
can tour, said there had been ear-
lier reports of possible violence at
other points, including Bogota
and Lima, Peru.
Asked who was behind the re-
ported, Caracas plot, Key replied:
"communists."
He said the reports came from
both Venezuela and the United
States.
Nixon 'Unconcerned'
The aide added that Nixon was
"no more concerned than at any
other place" about the reports.
Nixon and Colombia's Foreign
Minister Carlos Sanz De Santa
Maria conferred yesterday about
coffee.
Both recognized that besides be-'
ing a popular beverage, coffee is
a hard economic fact of life for
much of Latin America.
Here in this coffee capital on
the next-to-last stop of his South
American tour, Nixon said the
coffee-consuming United States
will want to try to help Colombia
and other Latin-American coffee
nations stabilize prices.
The foreign minister said coffees
rather than money, is the actual
currency that backs 16 South,
American economies. He said a 14
per cent drop in the price of Co-
lombian coffee last year cost this
nation 100 million dollars.
Supreme Court
Threatens Huff
With Contempt
LANSING (P)-The State Su-
preme Court .yesterday summoned
Circuit Judge Eugene S. Huff to'
appear in person on Friday to
answer for his refusal to obey its
order, or suffer punishment for
contempt.
Earlier Huff spurned a direct
order by the Supreme Court to
temporarily relinquish his duties
as presiding judge of the Saginaw
circuit.

For Events
WASHINGTON (P) - Secretary,
of State John Foster Dulles yes-
terday indirectly blamed the Com-
munists for anti-American dem-
onstrations in Lebanon and in
Peru.
"Anti-American feeling is being
cultivated by sources which we1
can all imagine," Dulles said. "I
won't identify, them."
"But with sufficient propagan-
da and money anyone can stir up
a demonstration. You might even
be able to do it here," he said,
Dulles was asked about the
demonstrations last week in Peru
during the visit there of Vice-1
President Nixon and about the
sacking and burning of -a second
United States Information Agency
library in Lebanon.
He said he was confident the
demonstrations did not represent
the true feelings of the Peruvian
and Lebanese people as a whole.
City !College
Confiscates
Arts Magazine
By NAN MARKEL
Eight hundred copies of Pro-
methean literary magazine at
City College of New York, were
confiscated last week, and the
magazine's editors were tempor-
arily suspended from classes.
The college's president Buell G.
Gallagher released a statement to
the press saying, "The action has
been taken because of the publi-
cation of material that is not suit-
able in a magazine bearing the
name and seal of City College and
subsidized by student fee funds."
When asked what material was
objectionable, he said, "I do not,
wish to make any elaborations,
thank you
Play Causes Censorship
Nancy Rothwax, editor of the
Promethean, indicated it was
probably a one-act play entitled
"The Tea Party" which caused the.
censorship.
Miss Rothvax summed up the
objectionable play as "just anoth-
er story." The scene is set before
the school semester begins, with
two boys relating their most
"traumatic" experiences. One of
the boys' experiences was "some-
what sexual," she said, and they
were smoking marijuana cigar-
ettes.
The editor indicated the staff
will continue to pick material it
thinks is literarily fit.
"We have suggested," she said,
"that a board be set up to look
over our, material before publi-
cation. Members of the English
department faculty who are fa-
miliary with modern literature
could sit on the board.
"Material Unobjectionable"
"We believe our material is not
obscene " she continued. "And the
staff still stands solidly behind
the boy who wrote 'The Tea Par-
The magazine's editors were re-
stored to classes effective yester-
day. "He suspended us on the way
to catch a plane to Geneva;" Miss

Action Urge
On Back Ph,
Deficiency
Local Chapter Call
For Improvements
The local chapter of the Am
can Association of University I
fessors yesterday released a le
sent to the association's .nati
convention, in which they said
University was "properly b
cized" for its action in the
dismissal of two faculty meml
The letter, sent to the co
tion before the censure was pa
criticized the University for
failure to grant severance pa
the two men, the "continuing
certainty" in the administrati
attitude toward academic freed
and "faulty" procedural mat
which, although changed s'
1954, are "not yet entirely s5
factory."
Atmosphere Differences Not
The letter does note "there
very significant differences
tween the atmosphere . ..
existing .. . and the condition
which the 1954 hearings V
held," and declares the local c
ter's intention to try to "ef
further improvements."
The most immediate task-,
cording to Prof. Sheridan B:
of the English department,
"convincing the University
the Board of Regents to g
severance pay by acting on al
posal now pending be ore
Regents."
Prof. Baker said there were
some procedural problems not I
covered by the University Byl
"Even the new bylaw (put
effect after the dismissals)
defects we would like to
changed," he. explained. "It
does not fully prevent some fu
procedural injustice."
Local Conditions Improvec
When the letter was sent, I
Baker said, "we felt local co:
tions had to some extent impro
and that if a similar case sh
come up again, there would bi
injustice.
"However," he continued, "a
ter from University President I
Ian Hatcher /t'o the conventioi
which he said he felt absol
no errors were committed, shc
the situation had not improve
Prof. Karl Lagler, chairma
the fisheries department and r
ident of the local chapter, said
leaders of University groups
as the University Senate and
Iocal AAUP were already consi
ing working together "t
alleviate the situation.,
_"This is not a question of ta
sides," he said. "It is simply n
all who want to help the Uni
sity to work with each other'.
Prof. Lagler said he felt i
"possible those things for w
we were censured will be chan,
by the time the AAUP cony
next year, and that thecen
might be lifted at that time.

Monument to, a Cause

World News Roundup
By The Associated Press
SAN FRANCISCO-The 4 crewmen of the ketch Golden Rule
yesterday appealed to the United States Court of Appeals a Honolulu
judge's order prohibiting them from sailing into the Marshall Islands
nuclear test area.
Their attorneys will appear before the appeal's court May 21 to,
seek nullification of a preliminary injunction issued May 2 by United
States District Judge Jon Wiig of Honolulu.
Judge Wiig ordered the four ,ot to continue their attempt to sail
into the area in protest against the atomic tests.
WASHINGTON-The Air Force yesterday disclosed plans to set
up 10 additionalBomarc bases to handle the new interceptor guided
missile.
Construction of the new missile sites was estimated to cost 121
million dollars and is in addition to 4 Bomarc bases authorized for

Lewis Declar
Housing Poli
Not To Chan
Vice-President for Studcer
fairs James A. Lewis said y
day there will be no char
present in the University's
in regard to discrimination i
campus housing.

Lewis explained that in resp
to a motion by the Student
ernment Council ,the admin:
tion reconsidered its policy in
area. Lewis said that the Ur
sity "did not have the facil
to enforce any anti-discrir
tion action.
He stated that the Univ
already scrutinizes all listin
rooms for rent given to it in
that the listings give no ins
tion of discrimination. He

.

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