See Page 4
Sixty-Seven Years of Editorial Freedom
L. LXVII, No. 159
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, MAY 11, 1958
ixon s New Tour
Plans for European Goodwill Trip
Halted by Anti-Anierican Outbursts
WASHINGTON (A) - The Eisenhower administration may take
ew look at Vice President Richard Nixon's proposed European
dwill tour in the light of rowdy demonstrations that greeted some
ts Latin American appearances.
Nixon has planned tentatively to visit European capitals on
rds-making mission late this summer.
There is a likelihood his schedule would include some Iron Cur-
i countries, but not the Soviet Union.
However, the question now has arisen whether the goodwill he
ht engender abroad would outweigh the American resentment if
Warn of Soviet Plan
BEIRUT, Lebanon (P)-Rioters
burned a United States Informa-
tion Agency library in Tripoli -
a seaport city in north Leba'non
-yesterday in an outburst of vio-
lence that left several persons
The rioters, said to number
about 900, were stirred up by op-
ponents of Lebanon's pro-Western
They turned stolen rifles on
security forces when authorities
rushed special units into the cen-
tral district of the city to quell the
Battle Lasts Hour
Rioters and troops exchanged
shots for an hour in a sharp street
The number of persons killed
was-not announced officially. Re-
liable sources put the toll at four
dead and 30 wounded.
Other informants said more
than a score of persons died and
100 were wounded, but there was
no. confirmation of that report.
Beirut Sends. Aid '
Ambulances were sent to the
scene from as far away as Beirut,
60 miles to the south.
American sources said Saturday
night from seven to 15 persons
were killed and more than a score
No Americans were hurt. There'
are only a few American women'
teachers in Tripoli and the United
States embassy said they were all
United States Ambassador Rob-
ert McClintock made a strong pro-
test to the Lebanese government
over the burning, of the library.
An embassy statement said
Lebanon assured the ambassador,
that American property would be
A United States Embassy offi-
cial in Beirut said there was only
one person, a Lebanese janitor, in
the library at the time of the
trouble and he was not hurt.
Pfi' ml Given
Bid To Form
Nixon were greeted with the kind
of Yankee-Go-Home displays the
Communists are said to be able
to organize in some Western Euro-
Sen. Mike Mansfield (D-Mont.),
a Senate Foreign Relations com-
mitteeman who denounced Nix-
on's treatment in Latin America,
said it appears to him only Presi-
dent Dwight D. Eisenhower can
decide this issue.
"I have 'no doubt the Commu-
nists could organize hostile dem-
onstrations in several countries,"
QUITO, E0cuador (W) - Vice
President Nixon rode through
the streets of Quito yesterday
and men took off their hats and,
Later, 10,000 persons cheered
"Viva Nixon" as he kicked off
the first ball for a soccer game.
Sen. Mansfield said. "The Presi-
dent, will have to, take this into
account in deciding whether Nixon
should undertake the trip."
Congress Said Resentful
Sen. George D. Aiken (R-Vt.),
also a Foreign Relations commit-
teeman, said in a separate, inter-
view he thinks resentment in Con-
gress toward the treatment givenj
Nixon is likely to be reflected in
consideration of the foreign aid
and reciprocal trade bills.
DETROIT ()-Walter P. Reu-
ther proposed yesterday that eco-
nomic' demands of his United Auto
Workers, including profit-sharing,
'be submitted to binding, impartial
"It would be agreed," the UAW
president said, "that the total
amount to be awarded ... would
not require a price increase" by
the auto companies.
Reuther, apparently stymied by
the recession and a tremendous
backlog of unsold cars in his 1958
contract bargaining, made his sec-
ond peace offer within 11 days in
a letter to Sen. Estes Kefauver (D
Tenn). A copy went to the Big
Three: General Motors, Ford, and
General Motors, biggest of the
auto makers, quickly rejected the
proposal which it termed "another
one of Mr. Reuther's publicity
The auto companies all have
rejected profit sharing and have
stood pat on an offer to extend
for two more years the Icurrent
These carry automatic hourly
raises of six cents annually and
tie wages to ups and downs of the
cost of living.
GM rejected a UAW offer to ar-
bitrate in 1945.1
Reuther proposed a five-man
panel of arbitrators. The Union
would name two, the company two,
and together they would select a
fifth. A separate panel would be
named for each company.
... suggests legislation
WASHINGTON (-) - Soviet
Premier Nikita Khrushchev will
be able to buy much machinery in
the West to boost Russian con-
sumet goods output, if he really
wants it, diplomatic officials said
But if he is seeking to break
down Western barriers against
the sale of machines of military
importance, he is in for a fight.
Khrushchev very likely is quite
serious about increasing the sup-
ply of consumer goods, these
Warn of Danger
Yet the assumption here is that
this is only one of his objectives
and that a new Soviet offensive
to wreck the whole Western trade
control system now must be ex-,
This threatens to raise an is-
sue which almost invariably
causes some dissension among the
Britain particularly is anxious.
for maximum trade opportunities,
with the Soviet Union, and the
United States is trying to main-
tain the barriers on East-West
commerce at the highest possible
levels of security.
May Use as Lever
Khrushchev, in the light of this
history, may use whatever orders
he intends to, place in the con-
sumer goods field as instruments
for dividing the West.
His prospects for progress would
be better, however, in the view of
State Department officials, if
his policies on two other issues --
a summit conference and relations
with Yugoslavia - were changed.
These officials feel that the So-
viet attitude on these questions is
now so tough and hostile that it
contradicts Khrushchev's argu-
ments for "mutually advantage-
This attitude is associated in
the studies of officials here with
a meeting in Moscow last week of
the Central Committee of the So-
viet Communist party.
RESEARCH ON FRANKLIN:
Prof. Crane To Retire, Write Book
By THOMAS TURNER
Prof. Verner Crane of the his-
tory department, who first taught1
at the Uniyersity 42 years ago, is
retiring this Spring.
"I expect'to go on very much as
I have," he said, "except for meet-
Prof. Crane is currently doing
research on Benjamin Franklin's
stay in England as a colonial
agent, he said, and plans to write
a book on the subject.
"I've been planning to write
that bookever since I became in-
terested in Frankclin," he said with
a smile," but I've been inter-
As an undergraduate 4here at
the University, Prof. Crane said,
his interests were in architecture.
But he came to realize these in-
terests were "more historical than
creative," Prof. Crane said.
At the time he was here the
University history department al-
ready had a good reputation ac-
cording to Prof. Crane.
Working on his master's degree
at Harvard University, Prof.-
PROF. VERNER CRANE
. .'. retiring historian
HOT SPRINGS, Va. (P)--Secre-
tary of Commerce Sinclair Weeks
said yesterday his business-advis-
ers are opposed about 3-1 to tax
reduction as a quick antidote to
Weeks also said a majority of
the 100 major corporation heads
serving on his Business Advisory
Council favors the administration
program for a five-year extension
of the Reciprocal Trade Agree-
He predicted enactment of a
satisfactory extension law despite
strong opposition which has de-
veloped in Congress.
The commerce secretary said he
made a personal, informal sam-
pling of the BAC members con-
ferring with him here. He did so
after sharp disagreement on the
tax issue developed in Friday's
closed session of the council.
Harlowe Curtice, president of
General Motors, was understood
to have been among those who
spoke in favor of tax reduction.
PARIS OP) - Pierre Pflimlin
told President Rene Coty yester-
day he would make a try at form-
ing a new French government.
The leader of the Catholic Pop-
ular Republican Movement'
(MRP) called on Coty at Elysee
Palace to give him his acceptance.
He was expected to whip his
cabinet selections into shape over
the weekend and go before the
National Assembly Tuesday to
seek approval as premier.
Partisans of a stronger policy in
Algeria threatened to complicate
his efforts. The National Council
of the Social Republicans said
they would not accept any offer
of participation in a Pflimlin cab-
The former Gaullist group has
only about a score of Assembly'
seats, but one of them is filled
by Jacques Soustelle, who played.
a leading role in the ouster of
France's last government.
Pflimlin is expected to propose
an Algerian policy much the same
as that which brought the down-
fall of Felix Gaillard 25 days ago.
'M' Nin'Wn pnr
.Drops Second Game,
Special to The Daily
EVANSTON, Ill. - Sloppy fielding along with lackluster hitting
caused Michigan's .baseball team to gain only a split against ninth
place Northwestern in yesterday's doubleheader at Evanston.
The Wolverines, behind the shaky but adequate pitching of 'Nick
Liakonis, won the opener, 7-5. Northwestern, aided by two Michigan
errors, came back to take the nightcap, 5-4.
Wolverines in Fourth Place
The split gave the Wolverines a 5-4 record in Big Ten play,
and shoved them into fourth place in the league standings. They trail
space-setters Michigan State and
Ohio State by one game and third
place Minnesota by half a game.
0 ener The Wolverines fumbled away
the Isecond and all-important
game of the twin bill. It was the
game the Wolverines needed to
win if they were to gain on the
SThegame was tied at four
apiece going into the bottom of
the fifth inning. Russ Schallert
opened the inning with a solid
single down the right field line,
Ken Bindner attempted to sac'-
rifice Schallert to second, putting
him in scoring position. He bunt-
ed in front of the plate, and
Michigan catcher Jim Dickey, in
a hurried attempt to get Schal-
lert at second, fumbled the ball.
All hands were safe.
This set the stage for the game
winning play. Mike Collopy
brought across Schallert with the
winning run on a perfectly exe-
cuted squeeze play.
Northwestern started the scor-
ing in the third inning of the first
game when shortstop Al Kennedy
smashed a 350-ft. home run over
;:the left field fence.
Open to Two
University students who speak
Polish are urged to apply for study
in Poland next year, according to
Roger Seasonwein, '61, associate
chairman of Student Government
Council's National and Interna-
The program is part of the long-
term academic exchange program
between the United States Na-
tional Student Association and the
Polish National Student Organi-
Information on this exchange
program may be obtained from
Ruth Callahan, Administrative As-
sistant to the Dean of Men, in the
Student Activities Building.
Two students ,from the United
States will be chosen, according to
the USNSA, and they will begin
their studies in Poland during
Under the same program, two
students from Poland will come to
the United States. The University
is applying as one of the host
institutions, accprding to .Season-
COLUMBUS, Ohio (A>) - The
president of the American Federa-
tion of Teachers today called on
every state in the nation to enact
legislation granting all public
school teachers a minimum salary'
of $6,000 a year.
Carl J. Megel of Chicago told
the closing session of the' Ohio
Federation of Teachers annual
convention here the $6,000 mini-
mum is needed to halt the flow of
qualified teachers into better pay-
ing jobs in business and industry.
He said the $6,000 figure should
apply to teachers who held bach-
elor's degrees only.
Crane studied under Frederick r
Turner, exponent of the theory
that the frontier had been the
most influential force in Ameri-
can history and in the shaping of
a 'distinctly national character,
passed on some of his ideas to
Prof. Crane, whose doctoral thesis
was on "The Southern Frontier."
Returning to the University in
1916 as an instructor, Prof. Crane
first taught European history. His
interest inFranklin developed, he
said, in the period from 1920 to
1930 when he taught at Brown
Since he became interested in
Franklin, Prof. Crane has written
three books on him, but the one
on his stay in England ,remains
"Once," he said, "Oscar Hand-
lin interrupted me by having me
write a biography of Franklin for
his 'Library of American Biogra-
Prof. C'rane returned to the
University in 1930 as a full profes-
sor an dsince then he organized
History 49 and 50.
Delivered Russel Talk
An April 30 of this year, Prof.
Crane delivered the Henry Rus-
sel Lecture, on "Dr. Franklin's
Plan for America." Being chosen
Russel Lecturer is regarded the
University's highest recognition of
research and academic ,excellence
in a faculty member..
Now that he's, going to retire,
Prof. Crane said, he expects to
"write and travel."
One of the advantages he en-
joys as an historian, Prof. Crane
pointed out, is that there arekli-
braries in Philadelphia, New York,
Washington and London 'which
can help him in his work.;
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON - Soviet Pre-
mier Nikita Khrushchev sent
President Dwight D. Eisenhower
a new letter yesterday on Presi-
dent Eisenhower's proposal to
open' technical studies on disarm-
WASHINGTON-The Air Force
showed off its 1,300-mile-an-hour
B58 jet bomber yesterday in an
Armed Forces Day preview that
saw all the services demonstrate
their "power for peace."
An estimated 215,000 persons
jammed Andrews Air Force Base
in nearby Maryland, for a nu-
clear-missile age display put on
by the Air Force, Army, Navy,
Marines and Coast Guard.
The rest of the nation will hold
Armed Forces Day observances
PARIS - Algerian nationalist
l e a d e r s have warned that a
French prisoner will be executed
each time France guillotines an
The warning became known
yesterday as the Defense Ministry
awarded posthumouh military
medals to the first three French
soldiers the nationalists say they
S* * *
BUDAPEST, Hungary - Po-
land's Wladyslaw Gomulka told a
select group of Communists yes-
terday Soviet suppression of the
Hungarian revolt in 1956 was cor-
rect and necessary.
"In the concrete circumstances
of your country at the time it was
an international obligation on the
part of the Soviet Union in the in-
terests of the Hungarian people,
peace and all the Socialist states,"
the Polish Communist party boss
* * *
WASHINGTON - House lead-
ers are ready to accept a modified
extension of the reciprocal trade
program to save it from wholesale
attacks by its critics.
While the final shape of the
bill still was uncertain, there ap-
peared to be no doubt in the
minds of its backers that it will
fall far short of what President
State- To Hal
By BARTON HUTHWAITE
Special to The Daily
charged with practicing dormit
segregation in a resolution T
leased yesterday by the Michig
State Conference of NAAP N
tional Association for the Advan
ment of Colored People) Branch
The NAACP state conferer
called upon Governor G. Menn
Williams to take, the "necesss
action" needed to end the aleg
Formulated at the NAACP cc
ference held at the University
eral weeks ago, the two- pa
resolution listed three housing d
1) photograph requirements
incoming students' housing app
2) statements and questions r
ative to roommate preference
to race, religion, nationality a
language spoken in the home;
3) and a discriminatory patte
of roommate assignment in t
absence of stated preferences.
The resolution termed the
practices in sate-support
schools a "direct contravention"
the United States Supreme Cour
rulings in the field of education.
State NAACP president Edwa
M. Turner hoped University of
cials would eliminate discrimin
tory practices "without need of
"We hope the Governor will
moved to satisfy himself as to t
existence of discriminatory prs
tices and bring pressure to bear
the proper University official
he told The Daily.
Turne, cited the .Universit
"historic" reputation as one of t
most "liberal and progressive"
the country. "We would hate
think the University of Michig
'ultf have to be forced to do a
thing in the area of eliminati
racial discrimination," he adde
University officials declined
comment pending the meeting
the Board of Governors tomorrc
But Dean of Women Deborah B
con agreed with the NAACP's rig
Campus Chapter Agrees
The campus NAACP chap'
joined with the state organizati
in condemning the University
"Whether the University il
tiates these practices or acts
an agent for those who wish
segregate is not of the ,great
importance," campus NAA
spokesman Torre Bissell, '60, sa
"What is important is the re
-segregation," he added.
It is unfortunate the Univ
sity's practices lag so far behi
their ideals that it could be ch
acterized as an educational j
stitution which allows segregatii
WASHINGTON (0-Data mai
zine said yesterday the Air Fo
is planning a ramjet bomber c
able of speeds of 3,000 miles
hour and altitudes of 100,000 fe
The aviation publication s
the bomber would succeed -
II : . ::