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Sixty-Seven Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXVIII, No. 157 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, MAY 9, 1958 FIVE CENTS
Accredited by 'U'
Two-Yeat Approval of High School
Overrides Association's Withdrawal
By SUSAN HOLTZER
Holland Christian High School has been re-accredited by the
University for a two&year period beginning July 1, with "no strings
attached," according to literary college dean James H. Robertson.
However, the University will continue to work with the Holland,
Mich. school on "various local problens;" Robertson said, including
t the lack of vocational courses in the school's curriculum.
Robertson is a member of the Executive Board of the University's
Bureau of School Services, which disclosed the decision yesterday.
University accreditation had been on a "tentative" basis for the
fast year, following withdrawal of approval by the North Central As-
S 'WASHINGTON (MP)-President
Dwight D. Eisenhower has ordered
the withdrawal, at least for the
summer recess, of all federal
troops stationed in Little Rock to
menforce school integration
About 400 are still on duty at
the city's Central High School,
n 4 scene last September of violent
outbreaks after the entry of nine
Negroes into t'he formerly all-
Eisenhower indicated in his
withdrawal announcement, made
yesterday, that return of the
troops will depend on whether
state and local authorities sup-
port federal court orders for nte-
The President's press secretary,'
James C. Hagerty, was asked
whether he could say that troops
' would not be sent back. He re-
Sfusedto go beyond the President's
"I thinkit is quite clear where
the responsibility Ies.'We will just
have to wait and see," he said.
At Little Rock, Gov. Orval Fau-
bus commented that state and
local authorities are harged with
enforcement of state and local
laws and ordinances and not with
enforcement of federal laws and
.Of Red Rule
PARIS (W) - Secretary of State
John Foster Dulles arrived yester-
day from Berlin where he declared
in a hard-hitting speech that Red
China and the Soviet Union are
bent on dominating the world.
Dulles is here to brief United
States ambassadors in Europe aft-
er the North Atlantic Treaty Or-
ganization 'conference in Copen-
hagen. The NATO foreign minis-
ters backed Dulles' tough ap-
proach to the question of a sum-
mit conference world tensions.
Dulles left no doubt in his
speech to West Berlin's Parlia-
' ment that the United States will
look carefully behind any Com-
mpnist words, no matter how al-
He declared the Soviet Union
was using talk of disarmament as
a smokescreen to "produce a
world dominated by the military
power of the Chinese-Soviet bloc."
"The Soviet government," he
added, "is attempting by every
act of propaganda to compel the
abandonment of our military
"It claims that those who create
that shield are 'aggressive group-
ings.' It claims that those who
seek only defense should prove it
by renouncing all but inferior
Druids, sons of magic,
Foretellers of the future,
Priests and judges-
very knowing, wise-
The fires in.the Stonehenge
Are set alight
With fiames to heaven raised;
sociation of Colleges and Secon-
dary Schools. The NCA objected
to the school's emphasis on col-
lege preparation, and the almost
exclusively academic curriculum.
According to a member of the
Holland Christian faculty, teach-
ers in the school have taken the
University decision as a warning
that they have two years to add
courses in home economics and
industrial arts to their curriculum,
The two-year accreditation is
based on the University's own cri-
teria, while a school meeting NCA
standards is automatically ac-
credited for four years. But Hol-
land Christian teachers "can't see
any difference" relating to their
school in the two sets of require-
ments, the faculty member said.
Some of the differences in cri-
teria, as outlined by Vice-Presi-
dent for Student Affairs James A.
Lewis, mentioned guidance and
testing programs, library services
and selection of books, profession-
al qualifications for teachers, wid-
er breadth in their educational
program, counseling time per stu-
dent and laboratory facilities.
Teachers in Holland Christian,
the faculty member said, believe
their school measures up to all of
these. qualifications. He said .they
believe the issue revolves around
Include Art Courses
Robertson said many people
connected with the high school
"would like to broaden the curri-
culum to include such things as
art courses and physical educa-
tion. The question is, can they?
"The whole problem," he said,
"is getting the support of the
people paying tuition."
Robertson explained the subject
had been raised a number of times
at open meetings of the Society
for Christian Education, an or-
ganization composed of the par-
ents of Holland Christian stu-
dents. He said they had continual-
ly turned down the proposals.
"But it can be brought up again
now," he said.
SGC Course Book
By JUDY DONER
A course evaluation booklet
should not be based on the opin-
ions of freshmen and sophomores
Vice President and Dean of Fac-
ulties Marvin Niehuss said yes-
Commenting on the Student
Government Council's plan to pub-
lish a booklet "similar to the one
at Harvard," Vice President Nie-
huss said he believed the opinions
of upperclassmen in the various
departments might be more valid.
"I question, too, the merit of
publishing direct comment about
instructors," he said. It would seem
that the student-faculty evalua-
tion system as set-up at present
would be a more likely help to the
'Might Reflect Opinion'
The booklet may reflect a survey
of opinion,'rather than of percep-
tion, according to Prof. Eric W.
Stockton of the English Depart-
ment. "Although it is a well-in-
tentioned last grasp to foster edu-
cation around here, it is not going
to help much," he said.
The booklet at Harvard is not
nearly as complete and unbiased
as seems to be the impression here,
Prof. Stockton added.
Jean R. Carduner of the Ro-
mance Language Department said
he believed the booklet could help.
"It would do rationally what is
already done now," he maintained.
"Don't think for a moment that
the faculty ignores the problem
of course evaluation," Prof. Alfred
M. Elliot of the zoology depart-
ment said, "but if the ultimate
gains are worth the effort, then
by all means let the booklet be
Idea's Danger Cited
"Potentially pernicious," Robert
Y. Drake, Jr. of the English De-
partment said when told of the
SGC plan. "If the students knew
as much as the faculty, we'd trade
positions with them," he added.
Director of Admissions Clyde
Vroman said if the purpose of the
booklet is to give students more
influence on courses they aren't
in a position to make the evalua-
tion, but if the booklet is to help
incoming freshmen it might be
"The merit of the evaluations
booklet will depend on the extent
to which the judgement is based
on the solid, educational value of
the courses, without catering to
the tastes of students who want
easy degrees or entertainment,"
Prof. Shorey Peterson of the Eco-
nomics Department maintained.
It will be necessary to point out
to the students that the booklet
is not the only criterion for
choosing courses, Vice President
On Filing Protests
WASHINGTON (P)-The White
House gave a no comment reply
yesterday when asked whether
there might be diplomatic pro-
tests over the treatment of Vice
President Richard M. Nixon in
Press Secretary James C. Hag-
erty said President Dwight D. Ei-
senhower had read pretty closely
the published accounts of how
stones were hurled at Nixon. But
when asked whether this country
would file any protests, he said: "I
haven't any comment."
Members of Congress and the
secretary general of the Organiza-
tion of American States blamed
Communists for the jeers Vice
President Nixon has received in
Sen. George Smathers (D-Fla.)
said the mob action of stoning
Vice President Nixon in Lima was
obviously inspired by Communists.
Chairman Thomas E. Morgan
(D-Pa.) of the House Foreign Af-
fairs Committee said "This proves
the Communists in Latin America
are a real menace. I hope this
convinces the State Department,
and wakes up the assistant secre-
tary of state for Latin-American
affairs Roy R. Rubottom."
Dr. Jose Mora, an Uruguayan,
and secretary general of the OAS,
said the jeering- Vice President
Nixon has received is Communist
To, Si gn Bills
LANSING, (iP) - Gov. G. Men-
nen Williams said yesterday he
would sign the "austerity" appro-
priation bills approved by the
legislature - but "with great re-
The first money bill to get the
governor's signature appropriates
$65,166,750 for the state mental
health program - about one mil-
lion dollars under current levels.
"It is tragic when a choice has
to be made between inadequate
services and financial insolvency,"
said the democratic executive.
The Republican - dominated
legislature adopted a $332,500,000
budget in the face of growing
revenue shortages. Williams had
asked for $349 million.
The cutback in mental health
alolcations, he said, means the
size of working staffs at 15 mental
hospitals will be cut a total of 325
(Of the $332,500,000 appropriat-
ed, the legislature earmarked $30
million for the operations of the
University. This amount was $1
million less than the operating
budget for this year.)
Dixon Stoning in Peru
SIR LESLIE MUNRO:
Doubts Possibility of Summit Talks
By BARTON HUTHWAITE
United Nations General Assem-
bly president Sir Leslie Munro
yesterday termed the possibility
of a Big Four summit meeting
"not very optimistic."
The 57-year-old statesman at-
tributed his gloomy prediction to
Russia's "sterile and immovable
propaganda" of recent wceks.
In an interview with the Daily,
Sir Leslie seriously doubted that
the Western powers would con-
cede to Moscow's demands for
Communist Poland and Czecho-
slovakia to be included in an ef-
fort to hold the conference.
* Has Some Hope
But the New Zealand ambassa-
dor did not dispel all- hopes for a
"The Russians may come to an
agreement-on the West's terms,"
"But the meeting should not
take place unless there is some
reasonable hope it will be success-
ful," he added.
Sir Leslie endorsed the United
States Arctic inspection proposal
as "a limited approach to remove
world tension." "Russia's rejec-
tion of the plan provoked a very
grave situation," he added.
"I am also in complete agree-
ment with United Nations Secre-
tary General Dag Hammarskjold's
support of the military inspection
plan in respect to the Arctic," he
Sir Leslie noted the West has
"no reason" to become alarmed
over recent Soviet missile devel-
"Most of the smaller nations
realize these developments are
within the power of both the
'U.S.S.R. and the United States,"
I would like to see an outer
space agency, similar to the
Atomic Energy Commission, es-
tablished under United Nations,
Sir Leslie said. "Outer space must
be controlled for peaceful means
as a matter of "necessity."
Sir Leslie Munro will speak at
11 a.m. today in Hill Auditorium.
Lieut. Governor Philip Hart will
address a meeting of the Young
Democrats tonight at 8 p.m. in
the Union, according to YD presi-
dent Torre Bissel, '60.
Hart, presently seeking the
Democratic nomination for
United States senator from Mich-
igan, will speak on the topic of
Federal Issues in 1958.
After being elected to his
present post in January, 1955,
Hart was re-elected in 1956 for
a second term in office.
UNITED NATIONS-Assistant to the University President Erich
A. Walter (left) greets Sir Leslie Knox Munro on his arrival at
Willow Run Airport yesterday afternoon. Sir Leslie, United Nations
General Assembly president, will address the 35th annual Honors
Convocation at 11 a.m. today in Hill Auditorium.
U.S. Regains WVorld Record
For High-Alitude Flights
LOS ANGELES (W-The United States regained the world altitude
record back from France with a jet flight to 91,249 feet-17.28 miles
the Air Force announced yesterday.!
Maj. Howard C. Johnson piloted a Lockheed F104A Starfighter
up to a 45-degree angle above the Southern California desert town of
Mojave to the new mark Wednesday.
He topped by more than two miles the height of 80,190 feet-15.19
miles-claimed for a French experimental Trident Isere-06 at Istres,
For Helping in Attack
By The Associated Press
LIMA, Peru - Peruvian police
were reported cracking down on
Communists held responsible for
the stoning and spitting attacks
on Vice-President Richard M.
Nixon here yesterday.
Informed sources said Lima po-
lice were put under orders to
round up Communist leaders of
the agitation among students at
'San Marcos University, where the
most violent attacks occurred.
One stone had grazed Nixon's
neck. Another had hit Secret
Serviceman Jack Sherwood in the
face, chipping a tooth.
The sources in Lima reported
the high command of the nation-
alistic Aprista party has expelled
a student member for helping in
the anti-Nixon demonstrations.
The Aprista party, Peru's larg-
est, is generally described as both
anti-Communist and anti-United
States and is warm to the causes
of the Peruvian Indians. Despite
the anti-Communist label, some
of its members work closely with
Under Peru's constitution the
Communist Party, as an, interna-
tional organization, is outlawed
and members could be exiled.
The Communists "think they
won a victory," Nixon told a news
conference, "but they suffered, as
time will tell, a great defeat."
Demonstrators had torn up a
floral American flag in a wreath
'Nixon. had laid at a monument to
Jose San Martin, a South Ameri-
Nixon told the news confei'ence
Foreign Minister Raul Porras had
given him official and personal
apologies for desecration of the
United States flag.
Peruvian Communists have
been exploiting to the hilt econ-
omic problems involving relations
between Peru and the United
Listen to this tale of romance
Tale of Indian warriors bold -
In the early moon of green leaves
Came they forth, the stoics
Unmanned U.S. Moon Rocket
Possible at Present - Quarles
By ROBERT JUNKER
"We could probably send an unmanned rocket to the moon now,"
Gilford G. Quarles, chief scientist of the United States Army Ordnance
Missile Command said last night.
Speaking on "Research and Development of United States Missile
Projects," Quarles cited engineering and scientific breakthroughs
needed before manned space flight will be practical.
Sponsored by the Engineering Council, he emphasized the need
for perfecting an engine which requires less fuel than those presently
used in missiles. The most advanced engine idea, "far from engineering
reality" at the present time, would change fuel into light energy. This
engine would need only 350 pounds
France, last Friday. The French
flight had exceeded the mark of
76,928 feet, or 14.57 miles, reached
last April 16 by a United States
Navy Grumman F11FlF flown by
Lt. Cmdr. George C. Watkins.
How did the stratospheric climb
"No particular sensation," re-
plied Johnson, operations officer
of the 83rd Fighter - Interceptor
Squadron, Hamilton Air Force
A native of Knoxville, Tenn.,,
and a veteran of 87 combat mis-
sions in Korea, he lives in Novato,
Calif., with his wife, the former
Doris Jean Holder, and their chil-
dren, Theodore, 10, and Carol, 5.
The sky at extreme altitudes is
"sort of a dark purple," Johnson
said. "It gets darker the higher
Others have flown higher in ex-
perimental ships released from
the bellies of mother planes, but
his was the highest airplane as-
cent made from takeoff to landing.
At a news conference, Johnson
described the flight.
His plane, powered by a Gener-
tl Electric J79 engine, left Palm-
dale with a full load of fuel, al-
most 5,000 pounds of a mixture
made mostly of light kerosene.
By WILLIAM RANSOM
"One of the simplest . . . and
yet one of the most elusive parts
of an individual's educational ex-
perience is the way he lives while
In this manner University Pres-
ident Harlan Hatcher summarized
the theory behind -the residence
hall system at the University, dur-
ing a talk at the Inter-House
Council's annual banquet last
President Hatcher suggested
two opposite views as to what role
University living should play in
the college experience. Under the
Oxford system, he indicated, a
young man is removed to a clois-
tered campus and placed in the
company of a few tutors.
Provides for Faculty
The European idea provides for
a faculty and large lecture groups,
he said and allows the student to
come and live as he pleases,
The University has entertained
elements of both systems in the
past, he pointed out. The old
boarding house plan went along
with the European system and the
Law Club "nearly duplicates the
Oxford system." he said.
After the war, President Hatch-
er pointed out, it was decided the
University should be a "resident
university" with, a college rather
than a metropolitan environment.
Adds to Education
It was then that the residence
hall system was developed to con-
tribute to a "delight in living"
during the college days and at the
same time to contribute to the
Today it represents a part of
the whole University, he said.
a ._ ,,__ ___ __
of fuel for a round trip to the
moon and back, but for a trip
around the universe it would re-
quire fuel equal to the weight of
the earth, he commented.
"This system needs major scien-
tific breakthroughs for its success,"
he continued. He cited other ideas
for improved rocket engines which
are being experimented with.now.
One would use a nuclear reactor,
which "has promise" but is now°
seen as useful only for a very large
ship because of its size and weight.
"Actual manned space travel is
probably several years in the fu-'
ture," he commented, but several
designs of space ships have been
Werner von Braun, one of the
A&D To Hold School-Wide Open House
By ELIZABETH ERSKINE
Throughout the busy, somewhat overcrowded architecture andi
design school students have been finishing special projects for A&D's
first school-wide open house to be held today and tomorrow.
From the shops in the basement to the renovated photography
labs on the fifth floor, the unusual -relaxed, informal atmosphere of
A&D has an added element-one of activity and preparation.
The students and faculty sponsoring the open house hope to
acquaint others in the University, community and state with the
work being done in architecture and design.
Dean Opens Program
At 3 p.m. today in the A&D auditorium Philip Youtz, dean of the
school, will open the two-day open house. Instructors in the art
department Milton Cohen, James Eldredge and Louis Tavelli will
demonstrate "Experiments in Light and Color." A coffee hour will
follow at 4 p.m.
Forth they romped to paleface
Wigwam, one of friendly Great
Came they forth to take their
Then to the mighty oak of
Dashedthe screaming, yelling
To the tree of Indian legend
Where the white men pale and
Stood around the mighty oak
Warriors choice of paleface nation
Choice of tribe to run the
Down the warriors, painted
Swooped and caught their prey
Loud the war cry stirred the
As they seized their hapless
Forth they bore them to their
There to torture at their pleasure.
There they are around the glowing
w qx,- _