See Page 4
Sixty-Seven Years of Editorial Freedom
XVIII, No. 132
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, APRIL 1,1958
Residents Accept Taxation Hike,
Allow Construction by Slim Margin
By WILLIAM RANSOM
Ann Arbor's public school system received a $4,217,000 shot in
arm yesterday as voters approved a iew bond issue and an in-
sed millage proposal in a special school election.;
Passed were a $3,750,000 bond proposition slated primarily for
ding construction and a 21/ mill property tax increase to be used
operational costs. Both proposals. passed by very slim 63 vote
gins. A total of 8,345 votes were cast onthe millage proposal and
'9 on the bond issue.
School officials, pleased with the results but apparently dis-
Win Decisive Election
TORONTO W)-Prime Minister John Diefenbaker's Conservatives
won yesterday the most decisive federal election victory\in Canada's
They swept into control of the House of Commons by a landslide
majority that amazed even their most confident backers.
Incomplete returns showed the Conservatives, in office 10 months
as a minority government holding only 113 seats in the old 265-seat
House of Commons, might win as many as 200 seats. Opposition
parties withered. The Conservatives had clinched 198. They were
ointed at the narrowness of appr
sks Capital of
lutlay Hike le
By LEWIS COBURN add
ty Council last night went on t'the
rd favoring acceleration in the 5t
Lly urging the state legislature
;ove ahead with capital out- T
'for the University,
h~e resolution was passed i r
with recommendations of!, the oth(
ly formed Joint Operation to inc
Id Soon Committee, a biparti- ari
group composed of city of11- areg
sfrom all over the state, build- als
and architects tion
nin Arbor's mayor, Prof. Sam- the
J. Eldersveld of the political -
rice department, told Council ci
JOBS Committee was formed weir
help out" with the "economic yes
in Aproblem"-especially un- BhS
loyment in the building trades. 3
JOBS Program no
i presenting the resolution, the Sc
or, indicated similar resolu- 5 .
ss were being made in other 110
s as a result of the JOBS pro- yes
oval, declined to comment on
vote. Tentative plans call for
bond proceeds to go into the
nstruction of a new junior high
pool which has been in the
nning stage for more than a
ar. Slated for the northwest side
the city, the building is
signed to accommodate 1,000.
pils. It is expected to be occu-
d by September, 1960.
Also on the budget for the bond
ue are the construction of 27
ditional elementary classrooms,
purchase of additional school
es and the erection of )main-
lance facilities for school-owned,
'he :estimated $467,000. addi -
rnal return from the millage in-
ase is currently marked for
ing additional teaching and
her professional personnel and
reasing teachers' starting sal-
es, reputedly the lowest in this
a at the ,present time. It will.
o be used to offset the addi-
rial cost of an extra period in
junior high school day.
UnoffiWal vote totals by pre-
cts on the millage proposal
re: precinct 1 (Jones School),
311, no 415; precinct 2 (Angell
hool), yes 489, no 388; precinct
(Burns Park School), yes 969,
644; precinct 4 (Eberwhite
hool), yes 718, no 916; precinct
(Haisley School), yes 1031, no
1; precinct 6 (Stone School),
393, no 406; precinct 7 (Pitts-
ld School), yes 293, no 271.
leading in 13 other districts. The
Liberals, their chie opposition, held
-045 seats and the Socialist Coop-
erative Commonwealth Federation
The old record of 190 seats was
held by the Liberals in 1949.
The victory assured the Con-
servatives of four years or more
He pointed out that 82 building
projects worth $115 are presently
approved by the State Legislature,
adding that $25 million worth of
construction has been approved
for Ann Arbor.
Mayor Eldersveld noted that
while the national policy is one of
accelerating the "pace of spending
for public improvements," the
state has been "decelerating."
State Building Low'
Observing that proposed state
building expenditure is $5 million
this year, as compared with $20
last year and $36 million in 1956,
the mayor told council building
trades unemployment is 25 to 30,
per cent throughout the state.
He said if work was continued
on those projects which have al-
ready begun, thousands of jobs
would be created.
In other action, Council estab-
lished a committee to investigate
operation of the Municipal Court
Violation Bureau. Proposing the
VIcommittee, Councilman Charles
Joiner said he was "critical of the
WASHINGTON (P) -- President
Dwight D. Eisenhower vetoed a
bill to freeze crop price supports
yesterday without yielding an inch
on his flexible farm program.
Attacking the veto vigorously,
congressional Democrats decided
to take the issue to the home folk
during an Easter vacation which
begins Thursday before attempt-
ing an uphill effort to override
In a message which Sen. Milton
R. Young (R-N.D.) told the Sen-
ate he assumed was actually writ-
ten by Secretary of Agriculture
Ezra Taft Benson, President Eisen-
called the politically explosive bill
"ill advised from the standpoint
both ofthe nation and of our
"With regard to government
controls, what the farm economy'
needs is a thaw rather than a
freeze," P r e s i d e n t Eisenhower
In a separate statement record-
ed for' television and radio, the
President said: "I vetoed this leg-
islation because I wanted to help,
not hinder, farm families in their
efforts toward a balanced, more
JERUSALEM (A - A tank and
artillery battle raged between Is-
raelis and Syrians yesterday in a
disputed truce area on the border
nothr of the Sea of Galilee.
* It was the second clash in two
The United Nations Armistice
Commission issued two cease-fire
orders in an effort to halt !the
A Syrian army spokesman in
Damascus charged last night that
Israeli forces disregarded the
cease-fire orders but he said the
shooting finally stopped 10 min-
utes after the second cease-fire
The spokesman said there were
no Arab casualties, but claimed
the Israelis suffered "seriousI
casualties and heavy losses."
A Cairo spokesman for the
United Arab Republic of Syria
and Egypt said UAR forces would
not stand idle in the face of ag-
The Syrians charged the Israelis
were massing troops at several
points along the border and said
the commanders of the Syrian
army had been ordered to take
all necessary measures to protect
the frontiers, the Middle East
news agency reported.
Israel said it had moved troops
into the disputed Lake Huleh area
to protect Israeli laborers working
on a drainage canal and that
fighting broke out when Syrians
fired on the laborers for the sec-
ond day in a row.
Diefenbaker won his own seat'
easily l in his Prince Albert, Sask.,
district, defeating Liberal Ernie;
Unruh and Socialist Mrs. Thor
Wiggens. His Cabinet ministers
also were returned.
A rangy prairie lawyer, Diefen-
baker, 62 years old, said he would
call the new Parliament into ses-
sion quickly to take up Canada's
serious unemployment problem. He
described it as a vital issue before
Liberal leader Lester B. Pear-
son, former foreign minister, 1957
winner of the Nobel Peace Prize
and chief opposition spokesman in
Parliament, conceded the Conser-
vative victory at 8 p.m.
Re sent the Prime Minister a
telegram congratulating him and
declaring: "I can assure you of
the cooperation of the Liberal op-
position in all measures which will
advance the best interests of the
Pearsor won his seat in north-
ern Ontario's Algoma East.
But the leaders of the two other
opposition parties fell by the way-
side. These ,were Socialist M. J.
Coldwell and Social Credit leader
Solon Low. Both bowed to Con-
The most stunning defeat for
the Liberals came in French-
speaking Quebec Province, long a
Liberal stronghold. It appeared the
Conservatives would take more
than half of Quebec's 75 seats.
When Diefenbaker swept the
Liberals out of power last June
and ended their 22-year rule in
Ottawa, he won only nine seats in
Quebec while the Liberals took 64.
Russian Bid, .
To End Tests
Kremlin Move Calledf,
Propaganda 'Hot Air'
WASHINGTON ()--The United
States rejected yesterday Russia's
invitation to join in halting nu-
clear tests without bothering to
check up on each other.
In diplomatic tones, the State
Department called the Kremlin
move so much propaganda hot air,
whose only aim was to wilt West-
ern defense. NEWLY ELECTED-Chris Wells
The uncompromising rejection vice-president and president, res
of this bid was balanced somewhat following yesterday's Assembly D.
by an olive branch approach to a new officers will be announced o
The department made public a
Western Big Three note to the
Kremlin which, for the first time,
leaned toward the Russian formu- N a e e
la for pre-summit talks.
Nikolai Bulganin's last note as By JANE X
Soviet Premier to President
Dwight D. Eisenhower on Feb. 28 Pat Marthenke, '59, and Chris
emphasized that any pre-summit' Association president and vice-pr
foreign ministers meeting must be Assembly Dormitory Council meet
strictly limited to fixing an agen- The second vice-president, see
da, time, place and roster of par- of the projects, orientation, Big Si
ticipants at the summit. and scholarships committees will
Previously Rejected April 14.
This was rejected many times All new officers will take office
by President Eisenhower and See- Installation Tea. The president
retary of State John Foster Dulles Assembly representative to all out-
and formally snubbed in the side groups. She is an ex-officio
United States memo March 6 to member of Student Government
Moscow. Council, represents the women in
But yesterday's: United. States- residence, halls as a member of
British-French note pointedly th e ard os ofm esi-
omitted words like "negotiate" the Board of Governors of Resi-
and "substantive." dence Halls, and is a non-voting
it substituted "preparatory ex-officio member of the Women's
work" and "examine the position" Senate, in addition to chairing the
for "negotiate." and it emphasized meetings of the Executive Board
as far as dealing with substantive and the Dormitory Council.
matters went, that no decisions The first vice-president now
were sought at below-summit serves as an ex-officio member of
level. the League Council, a deputy pre-
viously performed by the presi-
M cNa m ara Miss Marthenke emphasized that
there is a need to make Dormitory
Council work more for the dormi-
Q Sente tories, suggesting a closer com-
munication between Assembly and
at . the houses giving Assembly more
contact with house problems.
She also proposed a closer co-
WASHINGTON (P-Sen. Patrick operation among the Council, the
McNamara (D-Mich.) resigned Executive Board and the house
from the Senate Rackets Coi- councils. This might be aided by
mittee yesterday, saying he didn't having the board visit houses and
want to "waste any more time" aigtebadvsthue n
on t "by inviting the council members
on it.h nn toExecutive Board meetings, she
The committee has been investi- added.
gating strike violence. Miss Wells also felt that Assem-
Sen. McNamara's sudden de- bly should be more aware of the
parture came'as the group started problems faced by the individual
a disputed probe of shooting and houses. To achieve this, she pro-
other violence in a 1955 strike of 'posed the establishment of a
the United Auto Workers against Presidents' Council of house presi-
the Perfect Circle Corp. The Indi- dents to meet perhaps once r'a
ana firm makes piston rings, month.
Witnesses for the company and This group could discuss the
the union blamed each other for problems and activities of the
the disorder which marked the houses and serve as a supplement
four-month strike, to the Dormitory Council, she said.
World News Roundup
By The Associated Press
HAVANA --Rebel leader Fidel Castro called upon Cubans last
night to paralyze the nation's communications as a first step in what
he called his final blow to topple President Fulgencio Batista,
Castro reiterated in bulletins circulated in Havana a nationwide
general strike will be called at "the right moment." Rebel followers
in Havana said the call might be held up until after Easter.
Nevertheless, some workers in easternmost Oriente Province, the
seat of Castro's rebellion, suddenly quit their jobs.
WASHINGTON - The House disregarded administration objec-
tions yesterday and voted retired government workers and their
survivors a 10 per cent cost of living increase in their Civil Service
pensions, subject to certain limitations.
The bill, passed by voice now goes back to the Senate, which had
voted more liberal terms.
1Big tharee Asks Soviet Union
For Pre-Summit Agreements
PARIS (P) - The Western Big Three asked the Soviet Union
yesterday to begin diplomatic preparations in April for a serious
attempt to reach agreement on world problems at a future summit
The West suggested the start be made in Moscow toward the end,
of April, through normal diplomatic channels.
It insisted that a summit meeting on international tensions could
succeed only through advance diplomatic spadework, possibly leading
°to 'a preparatory foreign ministers'
The Kremlin has opposed a pre-
The Brooklyn College student
newspaper's four editors resigned
last week in protest against college
4 administration "interference."
Four faculty members of the
Faculty-Student Committee on
Publications had previously re-
signed. The faculty group, super-
vising body of the student paper
t "The Kingsman," said it had out-
lived its usefulness.
Statements of resignation by the
editors appeared in the regular
weekly issue giving the reason for
the students' protest action. Paul
Ringe, editor-in-chief, declared
that "the editorial board of The
Kingsman includes among its con-
cepts of a newspaper the right to
meet and discuss and then accept
q the responsibilities for any edi-
torial they might wish to publish
without outside interference."
The paper recently was criticized
by the college administration for
its opposition to a controversial
regulation prohibiting physical ed-
ucation majors from participating
in Y%-nv....n. . Y.n'K
liminary foreign ministers meet-
ing but recently changed position
It agreed to a meeting if the
foreign ministers confined them-
selves mainly to setting an agen-
da for the summit meeting.
The West suggested that if pre-
liminary discussions through dip-
lomatic channels in Moscow
should show promise, then a meet-
ing of the four foreign ministers
Not to Decide
The foreign ministres would not
be expected to make decisions on
world problems, but merely to ex-
plore and block out areas of pos-
Western diplomats in Paris de-