Sixty-Seven Years of Editorial Freedom
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, MARCH 23, 1958
TPORTING SORORITIES-As shown above, each fraternity participating in the Inter-Fraternity
umcil sing yesterday was supported by a sorority. The girls, dressed in original costumes, cheered
ir favorite group both before the show and befo re their individual number. Judged on their appear-
re and enthusiasm, the winning groups were A lpha Delta Pi, Sigma Delta Tau and Alpha Gamma
D E -FXING ':
Rumors Exaggerate Situation
EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the last
in a series of five articles explaining
the different phases of inter-cone-
giate athletics at the University. To-
day's story describes the athlete and
By RICHARD TAUB
If one were to take all the ru-
mors seriously, he would think
"grade fixing" is standard proce-
dure for most athletes on the Uni-
versity campus. '
These rumors exaggerate f.the
actual si t u a t i1 o nconsiderably.
Most athletes interviewed insisted'
they had ,chosen the University
because they wanted a good edu-
cation; many have compiled high
grde point averages in difficult.
Admissions policy serves as a
key to understanding the academ-
ic position of athletes on campus.
Have Preferred Status
Athletes do have preferred ad-
mission status under the admis-
,ions criterion "value to the Uni'-
versity," according to Gayle Wil-
son, associate director of admis-
If the admissions office cbn-
aiders a "high-C" high school av-
erage evidence a, person can
handle University,work, the ath-
lete with a high C will be accept-
ed, even if the general admissions
standard requires a "B" grade.
This is the same status given
other applicants whom the ad-
missions'office decide; could make
a special contribution to the
Applicants other .than athletes
who fit into this category include
the excellent musician and per-
haps the accomplished astronom-
er, Wilson said.
Others Get Special Treatment
The admissions office, Wilson
declared, will not accept anyone
who it decides cannot do the work.
However, general admissions poli-
cy today requires evidence qf more
ability than just being able to
do University work..
But the valuable student, the.
athlete or the musician, is ac-
ceptable so long as he exceeds
Any in-state student not meet-
ing the admissions requirement is
permitted to take an admissions
test, according to Wilson.
This practice is usually dis-
couraged for out-of-state stu-
dents. But' if an out-of-state stu-
dent is a potential athlete or
baud member or anybody else who
might be considered valuable to
the University, he will be encour-
aged to take the exam.
Last- September, 40 per cent of
the athletes 'admitted had been
in the top 25 per cent of their
high school classes.
Rules concerning eligibility of
athletes because of academics vary
somewhat among Big Ten schools.
At the University, the athlete
must have a 2.0 grade point aver-
age for the semester preceding his
competition. However, he may not
have a mark of "E" for that se-
WASHINGTON ( -) - Senate
leaders of both parties joined yes-
terday in predicting passage next
week of ajmajor bill to speed up
work in the nation's roadbuilding
The bill, expected to come up
for debate Tuesday, would make
available to the states 11/2 billion.
dollars more in federal funds this
year than is possible under pres-
Sen. Albert Gore M-Tenn.),
chairman of the Public Roads.
subcommittee and sponsor of the
measure and Sen. Francis Case
'(R-S.D.) senior Republican on
the subcommittee, both said they
expect the bill to win Senate ap-
Pressu;es on the athlete are
great to maintain good grades.
One way to practically assure a
good grade is to take a course in
which little work is required for
a student to do well.
But it would be inaccurate to
say the appeal of such courses is
limited only to athletes; such
courses -also appeal to other stu-
Some coaches, according to sev-.
eral athletes interviewed, know
the easy courses and have helped
to arrange schedules for athletes
in academic difficulty.
There were some courses men-
tioned again and again which fit-
ted into this category.
Subjective judgements - reac-
tions to things as diverse as hand-
writing and personality - are oft-
en factors when grading a stu-
dent, many professors say.,
For the athlete, these deviations
in subjective judgement may be
either for or against him.
One faculty member said it is
very difficult for a rabid. Univer-
sity sports fan to judge a star ath-
lete in one of his classes as ob-
jectively as he might somebody
If the athlete were bordering
between "D" and "E", it would be.
almost nautral for him in this
caseto get the "D". This in no way
implies these teachers are dis-
honest, but rather subject to hu-
man frailties just like anybody
else, this person said.
Athletes do , fail courses, Two,
stars, a swimming team captain
See ATHLETES, page 3
To Tell Why He (quit
Former editor of the now de-
funct Communist Daily Worker
John Gates will speak at 8 pm.
Tuesday in the Union Ballroom
under the sponsorship of Student
Gates is the first speaker on the
SGC lecture program, according
to retiring Union President Don-
ald Young, '58, chairman of the
Forum Committee. There will be
a 25 cent admission charge.
Resigned in January
Gates resigned-from the Com-
munist Party and the Worker's
editorship on Jan. 10 and since
then has been "trying to earn a
living by lecturing and writing."
In a pamphlet describing his
break from the party he wrote, "I
did not quit the party to enlist in
the cold war."
2#e said, however, that he could
never answer to his own satisfac-
tion questions asking him to cite
any important instances when the
American Communist Party devi-
ated from Soviet Union policy.
Convicted In 1949
Convicted in 1949 under the
Smith Act, he spent five years at
the Atlanta Federal Penitentiary.
Gates, 45 years old, joined the
Communist movement in 1931
while a student at City College of
New York. He said one of the
reasons why he was attracted to
the party was concern over the
ban against its speaking on cam-
Tuesday's speech has been ap-
proved by the University Lecture
WASHINGTON () - United
States officials saw signs yesterday
of some success in the West's
stand against Soviet pressure to
hold a quick, showy, ill-prepared
They said Russia's "instant
summit" propaganda - appears to
be losing its appeal in the face of
Western insistence on laying the
groundwork for a meaningful
And further, they said, the Rus-
sians seem to be moderating their
high-pressure drive for a summit
meeting by June.
Of particular interest at the
State Department were these
1) Moscow reports quoting So-
viet Foreign Minister Andrei Gro-
myko as saying the only im-
portant consideration is ' that
meetings of some sort be held
2) Soviet party 'boss Nikita
Khrushchev's statement, in a
March 14 speech, that U.S.-Soviet
talks "on any level" could go into
Secretary of State Dulles stressed
at Manila that the United States
hopes to achieve -
1) Some kind of disarmament
agreement, 2) a strengthening of
the United Nations through re-
straining the use of the veto and
3) increased efforts to "advance
the consideration of the reunifica-
tion of Germany."
Pakistani Group Observes Republic Day
By BARTON HUTHWAITE
Industry and agriculture ground
to a halt in Pakistan today in cele-
bration of Pakitan Republic Day.
"Our constitution guarantees all
the fundamental rights given to all
peoples regardless of caste, race or
religion," Syed Mahmood, Grad.,
explained last night in a 'com-
memoration of the formal adop-
tion of the Pakistan Constitution
on March 23, 1956.
Mahmood, president of the Pak-
istan Student Association, urged
all nations to look toward the com-
mon feeling of all Pakistan -
Mahmood Welcomes Group
One of the handful of Pakistani
students now studying at the Un-
versity, Mahmood welcomed the
capacity crowd gathered at Rack-
ham Amphitheatre to observe the
Garbed in the traditional Pakis-
tani dress, Noorunbisa plucked
popular and traditional Pakistani
tunes on the "sitar," the world's
second oldest instrument.
The dynamic industrial growth
of the country was demonstrated
by a documentary movie. The Pak-
istani cultural background was
also illustrated by a film depicting
the, ruins of past civilizations.
Music plays an important part
in the life of the Pakistani woman,'
one student explained. "All wom-
enfolk are required to know at
least some songs and dances," he
"You will relish our traditional
food, or if you don't relish it, we
have patent - American cookies
available," Mahmood said with a
"It gives us a lot of encourage-
ment to see such a crowd of people
here tonight,'; Sulaiman Kakli,
President of the Pakistan Students
Association in the United States,
Dr. Charles Gardner Child, III,
has been appointed professor of
surgery and chairman of the
medical school department of
surgery, it was announced yester-
Dr. Child, presently chairman of
Tufts' medical school, will fill the
post left vacant by the retirement
of Dr. Frederick A. Coller of the
He received his AB at Yale
University in 1930 and his MD
from Cornell Medical College in
He joined the Cornell medical
faculty in 1940. In 1953 he trans-
ferred to the Tufts' Medical
Dr. Child's appointment was ap-
proved Friday by the Board of
Regents. The announcement was
withheld till the following day
pending his formal acceptance.
SALEEM SHELN SHOES-Mohammed Hafeez Qureshi and Miss
Aziz Hussain inspect a pair of "saleem sheln shos" atthe
commemoration of Pakistan Republic Day held at the Rackham
Amphitheater last night.
TWENTY PER CENT:
Suggests .ax Reduction
WASHINGTON (P)-The committee for Economic Development
yesterday called for a temporary 20 per cent cut in all income tax
rates if the economy in March and April drops below the February
The privately supported research organization said this seven and
a half billion-dollar booster shot, possibly starting at midyear and
running for nine months, should be enforced with short-term'public
works and accelerated federal spending.
The Committee on Economic Development argued ,against in-
To Hear 'U'
To Meet Tomorrow
With Senate Group
By DAVID TARR .
The great battle of the budg
wli move to Lansing next w
when the University and Michig
State University go before legis'
tors to salvage what they can'
proposed operatixig budget ot
Michigan State will meet w
the Senate Appropriations Co:
mittee, headed by Sen. Elmer
Porter (R-Bllssfield) on Mon
afternoon and the University01
Both schools recommended i
of about .a million dollars (o
current appropriations) in th
1958-59 operating budgets.
Situation "Pretty Tough"
MSU Vice-President D. V. Vi
ner has called the situation "pr
ty tough" and said the school '
suspend all new student admissi
acceptances until it finds out h
much money will be available i
Included would be the Traf
Safety Center and labor and:
dustrial relations program.
University officials will ar,
before the committee that - i
proposed cuts would halt and :
verse many activities of the schc
Included would be the Tra
Safety Center and labor and:
dustrial relations prograM.
University officials will a,
before the committee that 1
proposed cuts would halt and:
verse many activities of
school. They will say 'thatMS
See Budget Roundup
research programs csnnot sini
be dropped for a period and ea
and inexpensively be started ag:
-Flint College will be pointed
as a project that cannot simply
closed up because it is already<
erating and has a huge sum
vested -in land and buildings.
One administrator conce
yesterday that It may be riec
sary, to delay the opening of t
Dearborn Branch even if so
funds are restored. It is schi
uled to be opened in the fall
Officials to Attend
The University will, be rep
sented by the President, four vi
presidents and several other les
officials. No Regents are expec
to be present at the hearing.
University Vice-President .
liam E. Stirton said he is still t
Ing to figure out how the App
priations Committee arrived at
30 million dollar recommendati
He expressed surprise at
roundness of the figure, add
that it does not seem to fit i
reasonable per capita allocatio
'U' Opposes Practice
The University has strongly
posed the practice, used for m
years by the Legislature, of
propriating money on a per ca;
basis, claiming its budget iincl
peted of a high ranked edui
Stirton doubted o m m i t t
members will raise the question
tuition fee increases, explain
the issue has not been mentio:
during informal conferences
far this year.
Administrators have said t
are prepared to tell the' legi:
tors anything they want to kn
B To Favor
WASHINGTON (AP) - Sen. M
Mansfield (D-Mont.) and St:
Bridges (R-N.H.) announced y
Survey Research To Conduct
Study of Election Conditions
University's Survey Research Center will conduct a' study of the
relationships between the people aid candidates through a national
cross-sample of voters and Congressional candidates.
Also included will be investigations of the concepts of representa-
tion each group holds, and the differences in voting behavior between
a presidential and off-year election.
Prof. Warren E. Miller of the political science department, direct-
ing the study, revealed Survey Research expects to find closer policy
agreement with Congressmen among active voters than among those
who take little part in politics. He
eluding any corporation or excise
paycheck withholdings. If emer- A
gency action is needed at all, it
said, the government should con-
centrate on a simple, strong mea-
sure "on which quick agreement
would be most readily forthcom-
Last month's recession, accord-
ing to CED, was as severe in terms
of unemployment and production
as the years of 1949 and 1953-54.
Its statement ermphasized the com-
mittee is not predicting a worsen-
ing situation~ or discounting the
possibility that we are in the early
stages of a more serious decline."
The government therefore
should agree at once on what
emergency measures it would take
if a further drop occurs, CED
said, as well as upon the condi-
tions which would trigger the re-
"If the economic situation be-
comes clearly worse than in the
earlier postwar recessions, strong
action should be taken," the state-
tax relief in this quickie cut in
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON - The Atomic
Energy Commission said yesterday
the Russians had tested another
nuclear weapon, the third in the
past three days and the sixth in
the past nine days.
The commission said the latest
Russian detonation at the usual
test site-in Siberia-appeared to
have been in the medium range.
The current nuclear weapons
tests by the Russians may include
firing of developmental fission or
fusion warheads on intermediate-
range ballistic missiles.
WASHINGTON, The number
of Americans drawing unemploy-
ment compensation dropped
slightly early this month.
Claims for compensation by
newly unemployed declined even
more sharply in the week ended
March 15. New claims dropped by
29,900 toy 4104,500. This was the
lowest total since early in Decem-
GRANTS, -N.M.-Famed produ-
cer Mike Todd died early yester-
day with three others when his
twin-engined airplane crashed.
The executive-type plane
plunged with tremendous force,
exploded and burned in the Zuni
Mountains of western New Mexico
at 2:05 a.m. In a storm.
Art Cohn, a movie writer, pilot
Bill Verner, and co-pilot 'Tom
Barkley were also aboard.
A three-day snowstorm blew out
over the Atlantic yesterday leaving
a wake of death, disruption, and a
threat of floods along the North-
said a similarly closer agreement
is supposed between the electorate
of a particular party and that
party's representatives indhotly-
contested districts, rather than
those in which one party is domi-
nant and therefore reflects a'
variety of views.
Centers Around Districts
He also explained their study
will inquire into what role candi-
dates think pressure groups play
in the outcome of a campaign. He
said they intend to look for evi-
dences of pressure group activity
among the electorate, as opposed
to their legislative activities.
The investigation into agree-
ment between candidate and elec-
torate, Prof. Miller said, will cen-
ter around general characteristics
of election districts, rather than
The survey will he taken diretlv
(EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the third in a series of articles describingv
Student Government Council candidates' comments at the pre-election open
houses. Today's article includes opinions on Sigma Kappa.)
By JOHN WEXCHER-
For the fourth consecutive election, Student Government Council
candidates find themselves forced to consider and discuss the Sigma
SGC gave national Sigma Kappa sorority until this September
to remove its discriminatory membership policies. Candidates who
are elected Tuesday and Wednesday will have to determine whether
the national has done so. Until this summer's national Sigma Kappa
convention, many candidates re-
A Michigan State University re-
search team reported this week
that the disease, infectious mono-
nucleosis, not lack of study may
be responsible for low grades made
by some college students.
Of 31 cases mononucleosis
studied during one term by the
team, 17 patients had lower grades
after their illness than before,
and five ithdrew-An annrnvimate
MANY REFUSE COMMITMENT:
.SGC Candidates Must Face Sigma Kappa Issue
proved without doubt they were
wrong, before he will vote against
them. The burden of proof rests
with Sigma Kappa, but SGC was
unfair in its liandling df the case.
The question was decided'largely
on circumstantial evidence, he
said; he would weigh very strongly
the good reputation of the chapter
David Taylor, '60, told Chi Ome-
ga sorority he would vote for Sig-
ma Kappa; SGC would have to
prove the chapter was "detri-
mental" to the University, and the
house has proved its worth to the
University in the past year.
Mort Wise. '60. told Panhellenic
within each national fraternity
Phil Zook, '60, told Scott House
the only solution is for the na-
tional to take back the two sus-
pended chapters. Regardless of
the local chapter, someone has
been hurt by the national, he
said; the sorority does practice a
Sigma Kappa could prove lack
of discriminatory policies either
by reinstating the two chapters or
presenting a reasonable explana-
tion for their suspension, Steve
Bailie, '60, said. He also urged that
bias clauses in general be discon-
fuse to commit themselves defi-
nitely on the issue.
For instance, Bruce McRitchie,
'59, told Gamma Delta sorority
Sigma appa "must show good
faith" at the summer convention.
tional officers or some explanation
of the suspensions might be suf-
All national Sigma Kappa needs
to do is issue a statement of good
fait.Dlick Odgers59 .nld then