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March 11, 1958 - Image 4

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Michigan Daily, 1958-03-11

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r dIN441-gatt Batt,
Sixty-EighthYear
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN 4RBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241

"Okay-You'll Be On Radio Tracking, You'll Be On
Moonwatch, And You'll Be On Lost-And-Found Ads"

"When Opinions Are Free
Truth Will Prevail"

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily ex press the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This gnus t be noted in all reprints.
TUESDAY, MARCH 31, 1958 NIGHT EDITOR: MICHAEL KRAFT
A time of Examination
For United States Capitalism
MODIFIED FREE ENTERPRISE economics try is comparatively very high, there are supris-
are on trial in America, ing inequalities of income. The bottom third of
The current recession, with a concurrent the income earners are little better off than
waste of resources and hardship on human they were 20 years ago. Because capital is not
lives, has and will bring the nature of our eco- widely owned, many do not benefit from times
nomic system into question by both Americans of prosperity, beyond their wages. Capital,
and the many foreigners who are seeking a aided at times by monopoly positions in in-
political-economic path. If a common belief dustry, has made some "excessive" profit with-
ever circulates that recessions and depressions in the last few years. The economic problem
are indeed chronic features of capitalism then resulting when too few people make a lot of
we can expect a greater sympathy for socialism money is that they tend to save their money
than now exists in the United States or abroad. beyond what can be invested, thus taking fuel
If this sentiment translates itself into political from a self-generating economy. Schemes such
evolution or revolutior, then the peculiar free- as lower taxes for low incomergroups, profit
dom of men from government we have achieved sharing or wider capital ownership (as the
in the United States will have been that much Administration's Arthur Larson said, ... where
more restricted. everyone owns enough capital so no -one is
The short run problem is to reverse the dependent on his daily toil.") can be suggested.
downward trend of the economy and move E
toward capacity output and greater employ- SEONDLY, PRICES must be kept within
ment. When people are out of work it is little consumer's means. Inflation is what you
good to increase their unemployment benefits run into if you run from recession. Thus far
and still leave a productive factor like labor we have depended on the free market to deter-
idle. mine prices, but this has failed to restrain such
Demand must be created; this is the root of monopoly interests as the steel companies from
the problem. It must be created soon; the raising prices, even though they were making
spiraling effect of recessions can get out of a fair profit. We think there is such a thing as
hand. It is folly for the President to wait for a "fair" profit, and, under the circumstances,
the March economic figures, which will be re- we think the federal government must neces-
leased in April, if the economy is still acceler- sarily step in and define what is "fair."
ating in recession as most unofficial indicators Ii addition, while considering the problem of
indicate today. The best way to provide for insufficient demand, it might be asked what
increased and quick demand is through a tax effect would a disarmament agreement have
cut, which exercises an immediate effect. And on an economy which spends $40 billion a year
this cut should favor the individual taxpayer, on defense? We should prepare now to. meet
who, as the President says, will ultimately de- such a situation should a disarmament agree-
mand the goods that will accelerate upward ment be negotiated.
activity. Government spending as a solution This is all said inthe interest of keeping our
both puts the government in an area where it economy as free and productive as possible for
best restrain itself, and, as the President pro- the benefit of all, under the existing circum-
poses it, comes too little and too late, stances. It is no feat that our system may reach
higher peaks of output than forms of socialism,.
A LONGER RUN QUESTION, as it appears if socialism can produce a higher average
to a layman in these matters, is why can product over a period of time, plus insuring
not our economy sustain over a long period a stable employment.
high consumer demand-that basic - stimulus This is a stiff challenge to the maladies of
of, economic activity? This question has not our economy, maladies we feel sure need not be
received due consideration. chronic. It ,is a challenge which a great, re-
For the consumer to spend he must have sourceful nation can face with honesty.
enough money and prices must be within his -JAMES ELSMAN JR.
means. While the average income in this coun. Editorial Director
State University Competition

AT THE STATE:
'Paths of Glory'
Examines War
A WAR PICTURE can best be defined as a film wherein the place of
war in a human society is called into question, a film in which the
relation of war to man's moral, ethical and religious codes of life. is
discussed and perhaps evaluated.
Combat scenes, therefore, are not essential to the nature of a war
picture-indeed, the overlong "Battle Cry" kept fighting to a mini-
mum-although these combat scenes often prove the most effective way
of presenting the case against war, as most of those who saw "All Quiet
on the Western Front" will probably agree.
"Paths of Glory," now on view locally, does not depend on action
scenes to present its examination of war and Man, but only to build
up the factual material on which the case is based. The actual battle
operation is emotionally and intentionally brief.
Also of import is the particular setting of "Paths of Glory," the
Maginot Line in France of 1916. For the evolution of war in Western

"A

N

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR:
The Preservation of Rights

HE UNIVERSITY'S INTEREST in establish-
ing a branch at Grand Rapids presents an
interesting question: To what extent does com-
petition among public educational institutions
lend itself to benefiting the public interest? A
good part of the answer may be found in
Grand Rapids.
Both the University and Michigan State Uni-
versity want to move into that city. Last week
the State Board of Agriculture, MSU's gov-
erning body, approved the future use of its 100-
acre Graham Agricultural Experiment Station,
just west of Grand Rapids, as a site for a
branch college.
On the other hand, the University's Board of
Regents began the wheels turning last May for
eventual purchase of Calvin College in that city
in corder to establish a medical school. And last
Thursday President Harlan Hatcher said the
University will continue to work closely with
the Grand Rapids Board of Education and
other interested organizations in developing an
education program to meet the needs of the
Western Michigan area.
The plans of the two schools appear to differ
widley, one interested in medicine, the other
in home economics, agriculture, teacher train-
ing and so on. But by tie time all is said and
done we are led to believe both schools will be
pursuing either four year or two year (junior-
senior level) branches devoted to liberal arts
and engineering.
This interest in Grand Rapids further re-
flects the growing interest of state educators
in developing new branch colleges in lieu of
enlarging the already crowded university cen-
ters. The University has an operating branch
in Flint; Michigan State is building a branch

in Oakland County as is the University in
Dearborn, both of which will serve South-
eastern Michigan.
D AS OTHER AREAS of the state grow
the major universities will be seeking to
further extend their educational facilities. But
there are problems: Will this growth be hap-
hazard and competitive at the expense of the
state? Will there be two branches in Grand
Rapids duplicating efforts? Will the universities
try to slash each others throats in, for example,
Saginaw, Battle Creek and other cities. And
what will happen when Wayne State University
grows a little more and is able to step into the
fray?
That these questions are not being com-
pletely ignored is evidenced by the several
studies of Michigan's edtcational needs being
done. One, initiated by the Legislature, is sur-
veying all' higher education in the state. An-
other, directed by Dr. Albert C. Furstenberg,
dean of the medical school, is studying only
medical education facilities.
When these studies are completed will come
the acid test of Michigan's educators, for then
we will see if the interests of the state or the
interests of their respective institutions are
paramount.
Eventually, it seems absolutely essential that
the major officials from the three main uni-
versities, and, perhaps, from the smaller col-
leges, in Michigan sit down and map out a
unified, cooperative plan to meet the future
needs of higher education in this state. And if
this cooperative planning has not begun al-
ready it should by the time the current studies
of education are completed.
-DAVID TARR

Restrictions . .
To the Editor:
MISS HOLTZER, in her edi-
torial entitled "How Free is
Free?" contends that movements
such as McCarthyism or legisla-
tion such as the Smith Act, which
attempt to restrict Communism,
are impediments to the rights
guaranteed by the Constitution.
And she concludes that since the
basis of our democracy is majority
rule, the majority should be free
to choose Communism if they so
desire -- implying that the free-
doms of our Constitution may be
used by Communists to destroy
the government.
Since the basis for controversy
is preservation of rights, let's de-
termine what these rights are and
how man comes by them in pres-
ent-day societies. Before men
joined under established orders,
if that is within the grasp of the
imagination, they were perfectly
free, in theory.
But they found that in practice
individual freedom wasoften lost
to the strong by the weak. And
they realized that sacrificing
some of their rights to some type
of social organization which would
protect them was better than los-
ing all. So groups of fellow suffer-
ers formed communities. Since
the citizens of these various com-
munities had equally consented to
form them, they all had equal
rights.
And each had to agree to the
measures of government; unani-
mous approval was required for
virtually everything. Knowing
this is virtually impossible when
more than one person is involved,

each community found its own
solution. One set up a dictator-
ship, one a monarchy, one an oli-
garchy, one a republic until there
were almost as many forms of gov-
ernment as there were commu-
nities. This was the legacy of the
citizens to the future.
From that time on, persons born
into the community did not have
the right to choose how they
would live. Rather, they had the
right only to concur to what al-
ready was.
This was how governments
came to differ. And though (ac-
cording to my assumption) they
all had granted to their citizens
the same rights in the beginning,
governments even began to di-
verge here. Some people grew dis-
satisfied at what they deemed
oppression, refused to concur, and
revolted.
That's how the United States
came to be founded; and it's
largely this same reasoning that
is followed in the Declaration of
Independence. This d o c u m e n t
voiced the opinion that men had
a right to "life, liberty, and the
pursuit of happiness." And inrec-
ognition of these rights, a gov-
ernment was set up in which the
majority could determine how
these rights would be maintained.
This is the crucial distinction
that must be made. The Consti-
tution was set up to protect cer-
tain rights. And within the frame-
work which it ordained, the ma-
jority could act to maintain, not
to destroy, that which the Consti-
tution protected.
The present Communist threat
seen in this light can only be con-

demned. The acts of Congress to
restrict subversive activity are the
acts of the majority. They have
to be, or they couldn't be made
law. And society is not withhold-
ing rights from anyone. It is only
using the prerogative which the
first individuals used, to surrender
some modicum of freedom to safe-
guard justice and order.
Just as the public criminal loses,
all the rights of citizenship for
undermining the order of society,
so the Communist who would
completely overthrow the present
order whether by majority or mi-
nority action should be condemned
and rightfully so.
--Jerry Manning, '60
A Need ...
To the Editor: .
IT IS INDEED heartening that
SGC has recommended an in-
crease in the staff of the Inter-
national Center. The University
of Michigan has one of the high-
est numbers of foreign students
in this land. More than 85 nation-
alities are represented. The Inter-
national Center staff does an ex-
cellent job in helping interna-
tional students make the most of
their stay here, in terms of their
own good, that of their countries,
and that of Americans.
But, considering the 1600 or so
foreign students enrolled at the
University, the staff is woefully
inadequate numerically. Indeed,
many of them often work deep
into the night. Adding to the In-
ternational Center staff would be
very worthwhile, I think.
-Mohammed Azhar All Khan

civilization is one from duty and
professionalism to an intense pa-
triotism. Where the lords of the
middle ages went off for so many
weeks a year in the service of their
king, and the armies of the 15th
through the 18th centuries were
made up of hired soldiers and pub-
licity and title seekers, the troops.
of today are composed of men with
no choice but to fight for their
country.
"PATHS OF GLORY" finds its
place in World War I, when patri-
otism was beginning to be fed to
the lower ranks, but when the
commanders were still practical
men. And here "Paths of Glory"
makes its plea for an explanation
of the place of sentimentalism-
inherent in man-in the concept
of war.
There are powerful scenes in
"Paths of Glory," and for these
alone, rather than anything the
picture has to say in toto, this war
film has its moments. A court
martial scene in a grand hall, with
voices echoing throughout, lacks
imagination in content but enjoys
admirable staging. The execution
scene, with the undying expecta--
tion of reprieve from the firing
squad, is emotionally intense.
* * *
THE BRIEF resolution of the
film's scanty sub-plots is unex-
pected, welcome and all the more
believable. After all, what more
can a man say to a comrade whom
he has placed before the 'firing
squad for no better reason than
his own selfishness, other than,
"I'm sorry."
Kirk Douglas is the colonel in
"Paths of Glory" whose idealism,
patriotism or, if you prefer, senti-
mentalism, leads him to a better
understanding of war-ahd man.
Appreciably, although the set-
ting is France, the audience is not
tortured with "monsiers" and
"ouis" and "bonjours" and all the
other grade-school French that
Hollywood usually throws into
such a film to get the "atmos-
phere" across.
-Vernon Nahrgang
AT THE MICHIGAN:
Unfulfilled
Potential
STARTING from a Hit-Parade
version of a revival meeting
and immediately proceeding to a
tent-preacher view of the enter-
tainment world, "Sing, Boy, Sing,"
paints both sides of the fene very
black.
Since its appearance as an
hour-length television play al-
most a year ago, "Sing, Boy, Sing"
has changed name, same plot, and
certain members of the cast. In
the shuffle, Edmond O'Brien be-
came the hard-boiled, money-
minded agent, the role that gives
the film some much needed depth.
A debate rages through the
film, between a degenerate devil's
advocate, the spineless press
agent, and a perverted preacher
who tells his grandson, a rock and
roll idol, "That's not what God
made you for - to lead them to
the gates of Hell." The prize in
the debate is the boy, to mold in
the winner's own image.
As played by Tommy Sands, the
prize hardly seems worth the ef-
fort. Sands is appropriately alter-
nately awed and ashamed of his
success gained through an ability
to bring shrieks from otherwise
civilized girls.
** *
PARTIALLY due to the lines
given him and partially because
Sands is better at throbbing a
song than acting, the character
he creates fails to be what the

audience knows he must be.
In a role somewhat familiar to
him, Edmond O'Brien is the de-
generate agent, a man who can
bicker on a movie contract while
a man dies, who knows the re-
ligion that is beat in with a belt
buckle. He is the symbol of the
depravity of show business, which
ain't no business for a prayin'
man.
Grandpa, who is less a charac-
ter than an influence, is the self-
taught minister who believes that
everything is sin except bible-
reading, and condemns in his
grandson the very talent that his
tent-meeting religion has spawned
in him, a highly emotionalistic

DAILY
OFFICIAL
BULLETIN
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the Univer-
sity of Michigan for which the
Michigan Dailyassumes no edi-
torial responsibility. Notices should
be sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Build-
ing, before 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
TUESDAY, MARCH 11, 1958
VOL. LXVIII, NO. 114
General Notices
The Michigan Chapter of the Society
of the Sigma Xi announces the Dinner
for Initiates to be held in the Ballroom,
Mich. League, 6:15 p.m., Wed., Mar. 12.
Dinner to be followed by Sigma Xi Na-
tional Lecture, "The World of Fine
Particles" by Dr. John Turkevich, Pro-
fessor of Chemistry, Princeton Univer-
sity. Lecture at 8:00 p.m. in Rackham
Lecture Hall and is open to the public.
College of Arcihtecture and Design
freshman five-week grades are due on
Thurs., March 13. Please send them t
207 Arch. Bldg.
Disciplinary action in cases of stu-
dent misconduct: At meetings held on
Feb. 6, 10, 20, 26 and 27, cases involving
34 students were heard by the Joint
Judiciary Council. In all cases the ac-
tion was approved by the Sub-Commit-
tee on Discipline.
1. violation of the University driving
regulations:
(a) For failing to register automobile,
one student was fined $40.00 with
$15.00 suspended; one student was
fined $35.00; one student fined $25.00;
one student was fined $30.00; two
students fined $25.00 with $10.00 sus-
pended; two students were fined
$15.00 with -$10.00 suspended and one
student was fined $10.00.
(b) For driving without authoriza-
tion, one student was fined $40.00
with $15.00 suspended; one student
was fined $35.00 with $25.00 suspend-
ed; one student was fined $35.00 with
$20.00 suspended; one student fined
$15.00 with $10.00 suspended; and
three students were fined $10.00.
(c) For misusing special commuting
permit one student was given a writ-
ten warning.
(d) For unauthorized lending of an
automobile, one student was fined
$25.00 and for unauthorized borrow-
ing of an automobile one student wa.
fined $20.00.
2. Conduct unbecoming students in
that state laws and city ordinances re-
lating to the purchase, sale and use of
intoxicants were violated:
(a) Pleaded guilty, in Municipal
Court, to the charge of being mi-
nors in possession of intoxicants in
a motor vehicle. Two students were
fined $10.00 and four students were
fined $10.00 with $5.00 suspended
each.
(b) Wilfully loaned University identi-
fication card to another student in
order that he might purchase intoxi-
cants at a local tavern. One student
fined $10.00.
(c) Drank, as a minor, in student
quarters and pleaded guilty, in Muni-
cipal Cort, to the charge of being
a drunk and disorderly person. One
student fined $25.00 with $10.00sus-
pended.
(d) Drank, as a minor, in. student
quarters and pleaded guilty, In Mu-
nicipal Court, to the charge of fur-
nishing intoxicants to a minor. One
student fined $15.00 with $10.00 sus-
pended.
(e) Pleaded guilty; in Municipal
Court, 'to assault. One student fined
$25.00 for conduct unbecoming a stu-
dent in that he pleaded guilty to this
charge.
Lectures
"Religion and the Social Sciences,"
by Prof. Kenneth E. Boulding, depart-
ment of Economics, Aud. A, 4:15 p.m.,
Tues., March 11. Sponsored by the Of-
fice of Religious Affairs and the LS&A
Committee on Studies in Religion.
Dept. of Naval Architecture and Ma-
rine Engineering. Seminar on "The Use
of Aluminum in Ship's Structures."
Speaker: Mr. David MacIntyre, Head,
Marine Sales Development Division of
Aluminum Company of America. Wed.,
March 12, 4:00 p.m., Room 437 W. En-
gine. Departments of the College of
Engineering welcome.
Concerts
University Choir and Orchestra, un-
der the direction of Maynard Klein, will
present Felix Mendelssohn's oratorio,
The Elijah, Wed., March 12 at 8:30 p.m.
in Hill Auditorium. Soloists will be
Frances Greer, soprano; Arene Solle-

berger, contralto; Richard Miller, tenor;
Philip Duey, bass, and the program
will be open to the general public
without charge.
Composers' Forum will be held Friday
evening, March 14. in Auditorium A of
Angell Hall, instead of Wednesday,
March 12, as incorrectly listed on back
of January 12 program.
Academic Notices
Operations Research Semtnar: D. 8.
McArthur, Head of the Operations Re-
search Section, Esso Research and En-
gineering Company, Linden, N.J., will
lecture on "Strategy in Research," on
Wed., March 12. Coffee hour will be
held in Room 243 W. Engine., at 3:30
and seminar at 4:00 in Room 229 W.
Engine. All faculty members are wel-
cme..

-I'

t-

:4

L

THE CULTURE BIT:
Metamorphosis at WCBN
By DAVID NEWMAN

I,

INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
The Solid Gold Soviets'

By J. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press Foreign News Analyst
T HE SOVIET UNION and the United States
are agreed that one issue might be profit-
ably discussed at a summit meeting, and this
is one on which the Russian propagandists
have worked assiduously for years.
It is increased trade.
Russia has pressed so hard for it that any
American who expresses favor for it is likely to
be tagged a fellow traveler. J. Edgar Hoover, in
his new book on "Communism in the United
States," lists it as such a tag.
However, that is not the attitude in Europe,
which has applied constant pressure with some
limited success on the United States to sanc-

between the Western countries and the Soviet
bloc. Cold war pressure increased after.Soviet
refusal to join, or to allow her satellites to join,
in the general recovery movement. The Western
countries reluctantly accepted the partial
American boycott but continued to seek ease-
ments.
Insofar as barter goes, the Soviet Union has
little to tempt Europe, either. But she does have
one thing all the European nations, except per-
haps West Germany, vitally need. That is
money. If she proved willing to go into her
gold hoard to meet an unfavorable trade bal-
ance with Europe, those nations would be
greatly aided in their dealings with the dollar
countries.

HIS IS sort of sneaky, but we
would like to know if a return
visit to South Quad can be classi-
fied under "You Can't Go Home
Again." Actually, they told us four
years ago that it was our home
away from home. So maybe we
mean "You Can't Go Home Away
From Home Again." Now, we
have since lived in other homes
away from our home away from
home, so maybe . . . well, any-
way ... perhaps we'd better start
over.
We paid a visit to South Quad
yesterday, hardly wallowing in
nostalgia, as we heard they re-
modeled quad station WCBN.
Back in freshman days we had
this jazz record show on WCBN.'
It was then known as The Station
Nobody Ever Heard Of.
Most radios couldn't (or
wouldn't) receive it. But we
thought it was a very big deal,
being on the radio, and we wrote
home about it.
* * *
ALL TOO CLEARLY we recall
our first show. Neatly cueing up
some very cool records, we sat be-
hind the mike and chatted in a
phony voice to the unseen audi-

receive you at East Quad," he
said.
Fighting back the tears, we kept
playing records and talking for
five more minutes. Then the
South Quad program director (an
honorary title, at the time) strode
into the meagre studio. "You're
not sending out to South Quad,"
he announced. "Transmitter's
busted.
We had been talking to our-
selves for almost an hour, in a
phony voice, yet. Ha-ha, we
laughed, inwardly writhing. We
played the last record for our own
benefit. It happened to be The
Blues.
And so it went in those days-
sometimes we went over the air,
more often not. After awhile, we
grew to enjoy the devil-may-care
attitude of the station. We jab-
bered blithely in the big empty
studio, chuckling at our own
comments. It was kicks.
BUT WCBN in South Quad is
no longer kicks. We found out
yesterday that it has grown like
a young hippo. It has forty large
watts and is heard clearly in the
quads, on The Hill, and, oddly
enough, in Food Service.

control room, almost finished. It
is a very impressive structure,
complete with soundproofing and
tape machines and such. The
amazing part of it is that the en-
tire room was paid for and built
by staff members.of WCBN.
The station is also instituting a
training program, and last night
Detroit's Buck Matthews (WJR)
spoke at a staff meeting. "We do
our best to satisfy the likes of all
the students," said Starr. We have
a balanced schedule of classics,
rock and roll, pops and jazz. Some
people still say they hear nothing.
but rock and roll, but they tune
in at the wrong times."
"We are trying more and
more," added confrere Meno, "to
emphasize the educational value
of the station. We have discus-
sions and forums-in other words,
not only training the guys on the
station, but letting the other stu-
dents communicate with each
other."
* * *
STARR RUNS his own show
under the name of Stan Irwin. We
desired to know what a typical
show is like, and he told us about
his. "It's on Friday nights from
midnight to one. For the first

~A

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