TO U', SPIRIT-
Sixty-Seven Years of Editorial Freedom
See Page 4
CVI. No. 104
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 27, 1958
VLay Draw Probe
gGoldwater Called Moral Cowar.;
Pair Exchange Insults at Meeting
WASHINGTON (M-Walter'Reuther's use of the Senate caucus
om as a forum in which to call Sen. Barry Goldwater (R-Ariz.) a
noral coward" drew a hot demand last night for a Senate investiga-
Sen. William Knowland of California, the Senate Republican
ader, voiced the demand in a Senate speech.
Sen. Knowland's speech was interrupted by an angry blast from
en. Goldwater calling Reuther a coward himself, and a man who
vouldn't know the truth from his left foot."
Sen. Thomas C. Hennings (D-Mo.), chairman of the Senate Rules,
ommittee, promptly promised an inquiry. He told Sen. Knowland
WIN SEVENTH MEET, 6437:
Michigan Stpimmers Down, OSU
.VANA P) - Cuban rebels
y raided the Batista govern-
's National Batik of Cuba
rday in their campaign to
ile the regime during the na-
I sports festival.
e bank job was an audacious
e of pace tactic that could
yled arson without larceny.
e bank's loss was entirely in
:s burned by the raiders be-
Government Loses Face'
e government's loss appar-
was in "face" before an in-
iking boldly in, downtown
na, the raiders spurned cash.,
>ouches containing thousands.
ecks went up in flames.
at will mean a long-time
ache for government agencies
he business community.
eo rebel band escaped cleanly
completing this effort to
.e the Batista regime in the
of the Cuban people and the
ands of tourists in Cuba for
was a stunt that stole away
of the advance excitement
the fight between world light-
ht champion Joe. Brown of
Orleans and Cuban champ
ido Echevarria in Havana's
ur to six of Fidel Castro's
s entered the National Bank
aba at 8 a.m., mingling with
t20 employes and customers.
ey whipped out pistols and
ip the employes in the bank's
p clearing room. Then they
re to thousands of checks and
no one from the Rules Com-
ee had been consulted before
eone allowed Reuther to hold
news conference in the big
.carpeted caucus room in the
ate Office Building.
ie Wills, superintendent of the
ate Press Gallery, said later
Reuther conference was moved
n the Senate Office Building
s room to the caucus room
accommodate the press" rather
e said that when more than
reporters showed up for the
other conference, the press
m could not hold them all.
It was just one of those things,"
en. Knowland arose in the
ate to'call for the Inquiry six
is after Reuther, president of.
United Auto Wdrkers, had,
te to Capitol Hill and fired
sts at both Sen. Gold.water and
Senate Rackets Committee on
ch Sen. Goldwater'serves.
'he committee had refused to
Reuther be the leadoff witness;
public hearings on violence in
Kohler strike in Wisconsin,
Reuther contended this was
move that would smear, the.
uther's thesis was that Sen.
[dwater and his, colleagues
ted to let critics of the union
heard first, and let him appear
n it was too late to overcome
By ToHN WEICHER
Active campaigning for next
month's Student Government
Council elections may now begin
as soon as a candidate has turned
in his petition.
SGCdecided last night to per-
mit candidates to make appoint-
ments and visit houses "on their
own," once they have returned
Formal campaigning, with reg-
ularly-scheduled open houses, will
open March 12, as previously
planned. The extra campaign
period will allow candidates to
show greater initiative, accord-
ing to Campaign Committee
Chairman Jean Scruggs, '58, who
proposed. the motion.
Union, President Don Young,
58, and Daily Editor Peter Eck-
stein, '58, attempted to amend the
motion to give incumbents run-
ning for re-election less of an ad-
vantage over new candidates. In-
cumbents do not need 350 signa-
tures on their petitions, which
the others do.
Young's amendment, that in-
cumbents be allowed to start cam-
paigning when the first non-in-
cumbent petition is turned in, was
defeated. Miss Scrugs said in-
cumbents were already well-
known and the extra time would
alloy others to become known
SGC also voted to assume fi-
ancial responsibility for this year's
J-Hop deficit. In addition future
J-Hop committees were ordered
to report plans and proposed bud-
get to SGC each spring before the
dance. The SGC treasurer will
also serve as comptroller on the
J-Hasp committee. ;
Will Approach Foundations
SGC Administrative Vice-Pres-
ident Maynard Goldman, '59, said
the South East Asia Delegation
has decided 'not 0o attempt mass-
solicitation of alumni and other
persons, but will seek funds for
the trip through foundations, as
He said the prospectus has
been revised and the budget cut
from $19,000 to $14,000. The high-
er,figure was a "mistake," he said.
Ron Gregg, '60, chairman of
the education and student welfare
committee, proposed SGC take
over operation of the examination
file in the undergraduate library,
He suggested a librarian for the
file be appointed, with SOC to pay
Elections Director Roger Ma-
hey, '61, said petitioning for the
other elections to be held with the
SGC voting will begin today.
Students may petition for the
Boards-in-Control of . Intercolle-
giate Athletics and Student Publi-
cations, the Union student direc-
tors, and class officers of the lit-
erary and engineering colleges
and education and business ad-
ministration schools. Petitioning
for these eletions has been ex-
tended through March 12.
special to The Daily
COLUMBUS, O.-The Michigan
swim team attained its seventh
consecutive meet victory last
night by defeating floundering
Ohio State, 64-37, at the Ohio
Displaying their power before
a regional television audience as
well as an overflow Crowd 'at the
Natatorium, the Wolverines con-
firmed Ohio State Coach Mike
Peppe's statement, "Our only
strong event is diving."
The Michigan swimmers dom-
inated almost every other event
but the winning times were not
Coach Gus Stager had juggled
the line-up so that many were
swimming in unaccustomed
events. The pressure built up for
last week's meet against Michi-
gan State had been expended and
no one was expecting a record-
breaking show. Stager did sur-
prise the crowd, though, with his
Dick Hanley made one of his
infrequent appearances in the
50-yd. freestyle, but placed third
behind first place tie between Bob
Connell and Bill Van Horn of
OSU. Hanley came back to win
the 100-yd. freestyle with a very
fast :50.4 clocking.i
Carl Wooley, dispossessed as a
Joint Plans Secret
Chief Executive's Recent Illness
Provides Background for Accor
WASHINGTON (R) - President Dwight D. Eisenhower
closed yesterday that he and Vice-President Richard M. N
have a definite understanding of what Nixon will do I:
emergency if the chief executive becomes unable to car
President Eisenhower kept terms of the agreement a
cret. But apparently it would embrace some arrangemen
the vice-president to shoulder. at least part of the preside
responsibilities. It came to'
light, through questioning at
a.- news conference, against Ss P
The raid wasn't discovered until
smoke pouring from the bank
windows attracted policemen. The
fire was put out quickly..
In Aid Buldget
WASHINGTON (RP) - Secretary
of State John Foster Dulles told
Congress yesterday the adminis-
tration's plea for a $3,942,000,000
foreign aid program is a "rock
Any, cuts below that figure, he
told the House Foreign Affairs
SCommittee, would seriously impair
His statement served to define
sharply the skirmish lines between
the administration and a number
of congressmen over the program.
There is strong sentiment in Con-
gress for sharp cuts.
Dulles went to great pains in a
formal statement tp the committee
to deny that the program is a
"give away." "There would have
been and there would be a 'give
away' if we did not have it," he
"We would indeed have 'given
away' a dozen or so nations with
their hundreds of millions of
people. We would indeed have
'given away' the access which we
and other nations have to essen-
tial resources. We would indeed
have 'given away' essential bases."
A' University of Minnesota law.
professor, Maynard Pirsig, has
called the legality of fraternity
and sorority membership restric-
tive clauses "open to serious
doubt" in view of the Supreme
Court's Girard 'College decision.
The decision states the Board
of Director of City Trusts in Phil-
adelphia could not deny: two Negro
students admission to the college,
which was founded with a provi-
sion to admit "white male or-
The decision was based on the
14th Amendment to the United
States Constitution, on the ground
the Board is an agency of the state
of Pennslyvania, aiid thus subject
to the amendment.
However, Prof. Samuel D. Estep
of the law school said the decision
"has no particular ramifications"
for fraternities and sororities on
state university campuses, but "re-
infoices the general concept" of
recent decisions in the field of
Prof. Paul Kauper of the Law
School said the effect of the deci-
sion on fraternities and sororities
would depend on whether the or-
ganization was held to be an agent
of the state.
. . freestyle champ
WASHINGTON OP) - A House
investigator said yesterday Rich-
ard A. Mack should resign or be
removed from the Federal Com-
munications Commission, but
President Dwight D. Eisenhower
declined to pass judgment on
Maek at this stage.
President Eisenhower abruptly
cut off newseconference question-
ing about the propriety of Sherm-
an .Adams, his chief aide, talking
with the head of another govern-
ment agency on behalf of an air-
Rep. James Bennett (R-Mich.),
a member of the House subcom-
mittee on Legislative Oversight,
said Mack should resign on th
grounds that hearings have dem-
onstrated beyond doubt his unfit-
ness for membership on the FCC.
Rep. Bennett said in a state-
ment that if Mack refuses to quit,
President Eisenhower should fire
him if he has the authority to do
so. Otherwise, Rep. Bennett said,
Congress should bring impeach-
ment proceedings against the
By The Associated Press
Indiana's universities looked
over their second-semester enroll-
ments and couldn't detect any
effects of the business recession.
The usual drops below fall en-
rollment were near normal at In-'
diana and Pu due, and on both
campuses the totals were above
the 1957 spring enrollments. Wa-
bash College reported a record
Purdue reported 12,526 students
on its campus, and Indiana 11,411.
AEC BEGINS RESEARCH:
U.S. To Study Plutonium
For Peactime Energy
CHICAGO M-)-The United States launched a 10-million-dollar
effort yesterday to convert the man-made atomic explosive plutonium
to peacetime use as a fuel for nuclear power reactors.
The Atomic Energy Commission authorized its Argonne National
Laboratory near Chicago to construct a fuels technology center where
work will be speeded on the many problems involved.
Success would have tremendous implications in the atomic age. It
would create a huge demand for a substance whose use has been
limited almost entirely to atomic weapons and research. It would
free foreign nations of their'
strong reliance on the United
States as a source ofatomicfuel.Senate Votes
Most commercial nuclear reac-
tors now being built use a mix-
ture of natural uranium and LOS a Qe '
uranium 235 as fuel for producing ge
heat for the generation of elec- WASHINGTON (-)--The Senate,
tricity. The reactors' also produce last night voted 49-42 to acceptl
plutonium as a by-product. President Dwight D. Eisenhower's
7-Daly-Wesley K ar
.. . medley winner
sprinter, took up Hanley's usual
440-yd. freestyle- chore, and
turned in a winning time of 4:42.4.
Cy Hopkins switched from breast-
stroke to butterfly, but claimed
a victory just the same with a
Tony Tashnick conformed to his
usual way of doing things, and
was victorious in the 200-yd, in-
dividual medley in 2:16.5. Al Ma-
ten followed suite with a 2.32 vic-
tory in the 200-yd. breaststroke.
See DOMINATE, page 3
President Eisenhower has had
three major illness'es in alittle
more than two years. Right now
he still is trying to shake off ves-
tiges of a cold.
Congress hasn't gotten very far
on either legislation of a consti-:
tutional amendment for handling-
a disability crisis.
Some top Democrats prefer leg-
islation. The President said he per.-
sonally favors an amendment.
"Now, in my own case," he'l
added, "because I thin in be-
tween Mr. Nixon and inys lf there
is a rather unique state of mu-
tual confidence and even liking,
and respect, that there.. . is no
problem; because I think Mr.
Nixon knows exactly what he'
should do in the event of a presi-
dential disability of the kind that
we are talking about.
"And so, I have got my own
conscience clear' at the moment,
but I still think it should be
handled as something for all fu-
The President said he didn't
think he would answer a question
whether he has ut the agreement'
In Good Spiris,
This was President Eisen-
hower's first news conference in
three weeks and only the third in
four months. He seemed in good
spirits and condition.
It wasn't enough to keep him
from answering inquiries for half
an hour, on such subjects as:
WORK LOAD - President
Eisenhower said he wished it were,'
but he doesn't think his work load
has been reduced at all.
PORTER - Regardless of a
controversial letter by H. J. Port-
er, President Eisenhower said he
hasn't changed his mind on the
merits of legislation to reduce
federal regulation of natural gas
Porter, Republican nationalj
committeeman from Texas, wrote
the letter to promote a GOP fund-
raising dinner honoring House
Republican Leader 'Joe Martin of
It mentioned Martin's past and
expected future support of the-
legislation. President Eisenhower,
said the letter "to my mind, hope-
fully, is an Isolated incident that
will never be repeated."
H s Airead,
arrangement. between' Pref
Dwight D. Eisenhower and
President Richard M. Nixc
presidential disability may
had a partial tryout when .
dent Eisenhower suffered a
stroke Nov. 24.
The procedures invoked at
time also suggest that the arr
ment parallels an administrf
proposed constitutional ar
ment on what steps to take
chief executive becomes disc
President Eisenhower, a
news conferences yesterday
closed the existence 'of a
understanding with Nixon
"others around me." He wo
say what, procedures have
agreedon, orr whether the
prescribed- in writing.
it wasconsidered most pro
however, that the arrang
,follows the lines of the con
tional amendment which Pre
Eisenhower has asked Congr
Under this proposal, the
president would take over as.
president if the president de
in writing that he was una
discharge his responsibilities
If the president was unal
unwilling to make such a de
tion, the decision on wheth
president was able to car
would be made by the vice-
dent, with the approval
majority of the Cabinet..
Should they decide the pre
was incapable of carrying o
duties, the vice-president
become acting president.
Extra Def en
To Be Soual
'U' HANDS-OFF POLICY:
Ending Housing n is Owners
AEC Sells, Buys
The Atomic Energy Commission'
sells the uranium 235 and buys
back the plutonium produced in
the reaction. -
In an atomic explosion, plutoni-.
um behaves in a manner identi-
cal to fissionable uranium 235. A
neutron splits an atom of plu-
tonium and the splitting atom re-
leases more neutrons than it ab-
sorbed. This sets up a lightning
chain reaction releasing energy.
Peacetime use of plutonium,
however, is complicated by the
fact that it is intensely radioac-
tive and highly poisonous. It is so
radioactive it will melt from the
heat of its own emissions if placed
in a tight container.
Because of these factors, plu-
tonium studies have mostly been
on a laboratory scale.
The number of candidates peti-
tioning for Student Government
Council elections rose to 16 yester-
day as incumbent Ron Gregg, '60,
took out a petition.
Gregg thus becomes the third
elected incumbent to petition. The
others are SGC Treasurer Scott
proposal for a five-cent stamp on
non-local letters but limited it to
The vote was to reject an
amendment of Sen. Mike Mon-.
roney (D-Okla.) to knock out of
the bill the five-cent stamp.
Sen. Charles Potter (R-Mich.);
voted with the majority.
Sen. Pat McNamara (D-Mich.)
The vote thus kept in the postal
rate increase bill a provision fixing.
the five-cent z ate 'on first class
out-of-town letters between July
1, 1958, and June 30, 1961, with
four cents on local letters.
By ROBERT SNYDER
Although University officials
would like to' see discrimination
eliminated in the area of private
housing for students, they believe
that this matter should be left to
citizens' groups outside the Uni-
The statement of policy was
prompted by an article appearing
in the University of Colorado's
In the article, Colorado's dean
of men Harry Carlson called. for
a revision of that school's policy
sity. However," he added, "we do
see to it that there is no discrimi-
nation in University housing."
The program of "certification"
deals with housing that passes
state and local standards of sani-
tation and general physical condi-
The University prefers to have
the matter of discrimination in
private housing handled by local
non-University groups. Foremost
of such groups, Ostafin'pointed
out, is the Ann Arbor Human Rela-
the area of discrimination to the
Ostafin believes that "educat-
ing" people will get much more
favorable results than "forced
Besides the requirement that
private housing be certified by the
city, students and landlords are
also made aware of University
regulations governing students,
Karl D. Strieff, assistant dean of
Abide by Rules
The new lease agreements put
out. by theUiversity' emphasie
By The Associated Press
GRAND RAPIDS, Mich.-The state AFL-CIO adopted a political.
action platform yesterday declaring labor's "traditional non-partisan
policy" but at the same time frankly putting the united labor move-
ment on the Democratic side in Michigan.
Installed as president of the new organization, fiery Gus Scholle
said its main purpose was to work for labor's objectives in the legisla-
Scholle, who formerly headed the Michigan CIO Council, acknowl-
edged that organized labor has been "more one-sided" in Michigan
politically than elsewhere.
SEOUL, Korea-The United States Army yesterday promised "ap-
propriate action" in the case of a Korean boy who was crated up and
carried off in a helicopter after he was caught stealing at a military
WASHINGTON ,(f)- Se
of Defense Neil McElroy sa
terday the administration
will ask for another extra c
It may be as much as a
McElroy gave that inf or
to the Senate Defense Pre
ness subcommittee in a :
report on efforts to stre
America in the space age.
He also said, in a, discus
missiles and space flight, tl
Air Force and the Army ar
to be shooting'at the moor
time and it probably will be
He further said that c
administration plans for rE
izing the Defense Departme
be expected during March.
The defense budget for tl
beginning July 1 is $39,800,(