T14rMilrtt Eni 40
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"Let's Face This Squarely -Some Of You
Haven't Been Smiling Enough"
bhen Opinions Are Free
Trutb Will Prevail"
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This mus t be noted in all reprints.
AT THE MICHIGAN:
'on jour Tr istesse';
Bon Soir, Sagan
WHEN FRANCOISE SAGAN'S first book was published, there arose
a considerable stir which has yet to settle. The concept of one so
young writing with such facility about such a sophisticated topic ap-
parently captured the imagination of half the publishing industry, and
most of the reading public.
A considerable assortment of other "first" novels by young Euro-
pean and American ladies quickly followed. The epidemic spread to
so great an extent that one critic, upon arriving in France an'd noting
a young woman weeding a garden, was heard to say: "But, my dear
girl, what are you doing out of bed?"
"Bonjour Tristesse" is the first of these "firsts" to get itself filmed,
AY, FEBRUARY 25, 1958
NIGHT EDITOR: DAVID TARR
SGC Election But
Four Weeks Away
LAST WEEK seven students petitioned for
a vacant seat on Student Government
Council. This position can be held only for
one month, until the spring elections, but sev-
en students were interested in serving on the
Council, even if only for that' short time.
Next month, seven positions on SGC will
be filled in the elections. The terms will not
be "honorary;" they will extend for a full year,
except one which will end in November. The
students elected can certainly claim $o repre-
sent student opinion; theywill have been cho-
sen by their' fellow students, rather than by
By extrapolation,, forty-nine students should
bake out petitionsto become candidates in
the elections; it fsimathematically possible for
them all to get the requisite 350 signatures to
hiave their names placed on the ballot. How-
ever, if by some miracle E forty-nine students
should accomplish this, the Hare System of
rote counting would be chaotic. Count Night
would turn into a six-day bicycle race, and
the two weeks of active campaigning would be
idiculously insufficient (unless round-the-
clock campaigning were instituted).
Fortunately, there is not a likelihood of
even one-half that number taking out peti-
tons. The most candidates Elections Director*
Roger Mahey hopes for, in his wildest dreams,
a twenty -- less than three candidates per
position, but still far more than have ever ap-
eared on an SGC ballot. This number it-
elf would impose a severe strain on the elec-
Yet when SGC was established three years
ago, one reason advanced for the small num-
>er of elected members wads that it would in-
ensify campaigning, with many candidates
ompeting for a few seats. This would help in
ensuring that only the best candidates won out.
['his ideal has never been approached.
The Council has adjusted its election plans
o the prevailing conditions; if 25 or 30 stu-
Lents actually were to run for the seven seats,
the elections calendar would need to be
scrapped; two weeks of campaigning would
just not be enough.
THE COUNCIL cannot ultimately be blamed
for (,so adjusting its procedure, however.
Nothing is stopping any student from getting
a petition and trying to place his name on the
ballot. If he feels he can do better than the
people now on the Council, he should run. His
chances of winning are not worse than those
of most candidates, particularly if he can
reach the three-fourth of the student body
which normally does not vote, and which, un-
less some candidates make an effort to reach
it, probably will not again this spring.
Of the present 12 candidates, eight have
previous SGC experience of one kind or an-
other - four are incumbents; the others have
either run or petitioned for seats before, or
served in the Administrative Wing. This ar-
gues well in one sense - that the new SGC
members will have some experience in SGC,
and some conception of what SGC is sup-
posed to do.
But, in another way, it is bad. It is possible
that, with the present low ebb of student in-
terest in SGC; coupled with the predominance
of "Council" candidates, SGC may develop into
an organization that largely "talks to itself,"
an organization of 18 persons more or less
interested in the Council, plus a few Admin-
istrative Wing workers, which is isolated from
the bulk of the student body, with which it has
no common meeting ground between elections.
This picture of an elite circle on the one hand,
and an uninterested, dull student body on the
other, has more than just a possibility of con-
tinuing -it is a likelihood unless more stu-
dents with new ideas run, unless more students
without the time to run vote intelligently or
at least vote, unless, in. short, the present
trends are reversed, and soon.
There are now four weeks until elections.
Petitioning closes next Tuesday.
Russians are capable of very great technical
All this energy it seems, could far better be
used to make a thorough study of our educa-
tional system, and to see where it seems to
THE QUESTION to be asked is: Is the Amer-
ican education system as good as it could,
or rather, should be?
And with this there are several important
cognate questions. How do we go about improv-
ing educational facilities? Where do we get
the funds to raise professorial and teacher sal-
aries and thereby attract good people to thesf
areas. Further, what can be done to raise pro-
fessorial prestige in this country?
There are other important questions which
might be asked. Has educationism been as de-
bilitating to American youth as critics claim?
What is the effect of egalitarian beliefs on.
education? Do state laws which require com-
pulsory attendance at school through a cer-
tain age have any effect?
We suspect that if as much energy was de-
voted to this problem as was to the original
one, "How does our system compare withthe
Soviet's?" the original question would not
have had to be asked in the first place.
which is a distinction of sorts. C
defunct TV show last. month,
beaming with joy all over the
screen because he had filmed
He had put Jean Seberg in the
role of Cecile, a young girl who
coldly destroys theromance be-
tween her father and an older
woman. Miss Seberg had appeared
previously in the guise of St. Joan,
also under Preminger's banner.
Preminger appeared on a now
Ike-ruma Feu Seethes
By DREW PEARSON
* * *
THE FATHER is played by
David Niven, a more or less un-
principled pleasure-seeker who
will lead the gay life as long as
his pancreas lasts. Father's ro-
mance is Deborah Kerr, and there
are other colorful people in other
But s o m e w h e r e, Preminger
missed a good bit of the intimate
little world of the book, so that
his film becomes too big, detached
and often awkward. The only
character treated with anything
resembling depth is the father;
the others are coldly flat. Miss
Kerr is only occasionally flustered
by her dialog, but Jean Seberg
always gets self-conscious when
the chips are down and then so
does the audience.
The Riviera scenery is beauti-
ful, cinemascopic, and in techni-
color, which brings to mind an-
other disconcerting fea ture .
Scenes of the present are shot in
an olive-drab black and white,
while past recollections of the
fateful summer are in color. These
are joined by some dialog, but the
general effect is hardly smooth.
HOWEVER, there are compen-
sating moments.' Much of the
grand manner of Riviera life is
captured remarkably well: old wo-
men sleeping with tflir servants,
bad bridge players, the gambling
rooms, dancing in the streets and
The unhappy ending is similar-
ly well conceived and becomes
very effective, especially in com-
parison °with much of what has
gone before. But for the often
stilted dialog, generally wooden
acting, and somewhat improbable
action, this would be definitely
good; even as it is, it's still 'not
Better for iB
IS THE Soviet system of education better
than that of the United States?
This seems to be one of the major questions
of the day. Wire services, newspapers, maga-
zines 'all devote an inordinate amount of space
Radio programs, television programs, books,
and even talks on campus have given experts
the opportunity to hold forth on comparative
studies of the two systems.
But all this talk, all this writing is an in-
crediblg waste of time and energy. It makes
little difference at this point which system
comes out best on this Sputnik-oriented ques-
Let us assume that the Russian program is
best. What can be gained? The Russian system
is actually based on the traditional system of
European education which we have not chosen'
And any refinements on this are due to the
powers of the totalitarian state. There is not
boo much chance we will wish to entulate
Let us assume that, the Russian system is
worse than the American. We are still faced
with Sputniks, ICBM's and the fact that the
Eisenhower and ex-President
Harry Truman will speak today on
behalf of foreign aid, but they will
not meet, and Ike's bitter grudge
against Harry will not be ended.
When Eric Johnston first pro-
posed a big nonpartisan meeting
featuring Eisenhower, Truman,
Adlai Stevenson, Nixon and Mrs.
Roosevelt, he ran into roadblocks
with the President, who flatly re-
fused to speak at the same gather-
ing with the ex-President. The
adroit Johnston got around this
by making Ike the speaker at
night, and Harry the speaker at
Just .to make sure this arrange-
ment was being carried out to the
letter, Sherman Adams called up
the other day, was assured that
the man Eisenhower so hates
would not be around at the sup-
posedly bipartisan foreign aid
meeting in the evening.
* * *
THE MOST important unan-
swered question about FCC Com-
missioner Richard Mack and the
$2,650 he received during the
National Airline-Channel 10 con-
troversy is why he was appointed
to the Federal Communications
Commission in the first place.
Interesting further facts have
come to light in Miami which
make this question all the. more
unanswerable. They pertain to
Thurman Whiteside, the man who
paid Commissioner Mack the
money, and Judge George C. Holt
,of the Dade County Circuit Court
of Appeals. Judge Holt was re-
cently before the Florida Senate
for impeachment, and although a
majority of senators voted for im-
peachment, the necessary two-
thirds vote was lacking.
Commissioner Mack's friend,
Thurman Whiteside, has been
described by ex-Committee Coun-
sel Bernard Schwartz as a "fixer."
During Judge Holt's impeachment
proceedings last July, Whiteside
himself admitted on pages 116-118
of the Florida Senate Journal that
he had given Judge Holt a ritzy
Jaguar car, had also invested
money for Holt which returned
* * *
PAYMENTS were made to the
judge at about, the time the judge
ruled in favor of Whiteside's
client, the Peoples Water and Gas
Company, in a gas-rate case in-
volving higher rates to the people
of Miami Beach.
It's at this point that Commis-
sioner Mack comes into the pic-
ture. Before he was appointed to
the FCC, Mack was a member of
the Florida Public Utilities Com-
mission and as such, also upheld
the contested ratesacharged by
Peoples Water and Gas Company.
The significant point is that
during the time he was on the
commission, passing onagas rates,
he was receiving money from
Dating back to 1950, he received
a total of $7,830. One alibi which
Mack gave for taking money from
Whiteside during the Channel 10
controversy was that he had al-
ways received money from him. He
just continued this well-established
practice after he moved to Wash-
This may be the recognized cus-
tom down in Miami, but the FBI
and the Senate of the United
States are supposed to check on
these matters, even if the White
House doesn't. Actually, the Dem-
ocrats must share the blame for
appointments such as Mack's.
IN MACK'S CASE, the two
Democratic senators from Florida,
Smathers and Holland, put their
blessing on Mack. In case after
case, the Democrats have rushed
through confirmation of Eisen-
hower appointments without even
a public hearing. Senator Fulbright
of Arkansas disclosed the amaz-
ing ignorance of the now famous
Maxwell Gluck, Ambassador to
Ceylon, but Fulbright did not
bother to make *a fight against
him. Last month, Sen. Lyndon
Johnson insisted on rushing
through confirmation of Robert
McKinney to the International
Atomic Energy Commission with
no, public hearing and only five
senators on the floor to vote.
If the Democrats want to cast
stoneshat this clean-as-a-hound's-
tooth Administration, they had
better tighten up on Senate con-
firmations and make sure they
don't live in glass houses.
(Copyright 1958 by Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
Th'e Daily Official Bulletin Is an
official publication of the Un ver-
sity of Michigan for which the
Michigan Daily assumes no editori-
al responsibility. Notices should os
sent In TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Build-
ing, before 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p. Friday.
TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 25, 1958
VOL. LXVIII, NO 102
Students -who are enrolled in the
University under Public Law 550 (Korea
0.1. Bill) or Public Law 634 (Orphan's
Bill) must bring tuition receipt for
the Spring Semester to the Office of
veteran's Affairs, 555 Administration
Building, before 3:00 p.m. Thursday,
February 27, if they have not already
Honor Residents, General Informa-
tion meeting, Wed., Feb., 26, 3:00-5:00
p.m. Michigan League, Hussey Room.
Linguistics Club meeting., wed., Feb.
26 at 8 p.m. in Rackham Assembly
Hall. Speaker: Prof. John C. Street,
Michigan State University, "The Re-
construction of Proto-Mongolian."
Lecture by W. D. Baiis Professor of
Political Science, on "Contemporary
Conditions in Russia," with slides,
Tues., Feb. 25, 7:00 p.m., East Quad
Dining Room No. 4, South Entrance.
Zwiet Lecture. "Stochastic Problems
in Mathematics and Physics," Mark
Kac, Prof. of Mathematics, Cornell Uni-
sity. 4:00 p.m. today. Room 3011 An.
versity, 4:00 p.m. today. Room 3011 An-
Operations Research Seminar: Russell
L. Ackoff, Professor of Engineering Ad-
ministration and Director, Operations
Research Group, Case Institute of
Technology, will lecture on "Applica.
tion of OR to the Control of Complex
Systems" on Wednesday, Feb. 26, 1958.
Coffee' hour will be held in room 243
West Engineering at 3:30 and Seminar
at 4:00 'in room 229 West Engineer
ing, All faculty members are welcome.
Schools of Business Administration,
Education, Music, Natural Resource
and Public Health: Students who re-
ceived marks of . X or 'no report' at
merend of their last semester or sum-
mer session of attendance will receive
a grade of "E" in the course or courses
unless this work is made up. Students
wishing an extension of time beyond
the date of March 6 in order to make
up this work should file a petition, ad-
dressed to the appropriate official of
their school, with Room 1513 Aminis-
tration Building where It will be trans-
Representatives from the following
will be at the Bureau of appointments:
'Thurs., Feb. 27
U. S. Marine Corps, Woman officer S-
lection, Detroit, Mich., Location of
Work, Washington, D.C. or Overseas.
Women with any degree or sophomores
or juniors between 18-27, unmarried, in
excellent health and a citizen of the
U.S. for Woman Officer Training Clas.
Indoctrination is conducted at the
Marine Corps Schools, Quantico, Va.
Field and Classroom instruction pre-
pares them as future leaders of the
Corps. Marine officer training for the
college sophomore or junior takes place
during each of two summer vacations
from college for one continuous twelve
week training session during the sum-
mer months and commissioned 2nd Lt.
after training is completed.
U.S. Marine Corps, Male Officer Pro-
curement, Detroit, Mich. Location of
Work-All over the World. Men with
any degrees except premedicine, pre-
veterinary, pharmacy, music, art or
theology for Platoon Leaders Class
leading to a 2nd Lt. Commission. Men
who are sophomores or juniors for
Summer Platoon Leaders Class lead-
ing to,2nd Lt. Commission upon com-
pletion of program.
The John Hancock Mutual Life In-
surance Company, Toledo, Ohio. Loca-
tion of Work-home . Office, Boston
Mass.; Company represented in every
"principal city of the U.S. Men with BA
in Liberal Arts, or BBA for Marketing.
Accounting or,'Advertising. The John
Hancock Mutual Life Insurance Co.
through the William B. Hoyer Agency
has a formal three-year training pro-
gram combined with a salary and a
bonus arrangement. Management ca-
reers are available at a later date for
those who qualify.
Household Financ Corporation, De-
troit,eMich., LocationvofsWork, Home
Office, Chicago, Ill.. Divisions, Boston,
Mass; New York, N.Y.; Philadelphia,
Pa.; Washington, D.C.; Detroit, Mich.
Chicago, Ill.; Kansas City, Mo.; Los
Angeles, Calif.; Toronto, Canada,; Mon-
treal, Canada; Men with BA in ULberal
Arts, BBA or MBA for Executive Train-
ing Program. Leading to branch man-
agerships and supervisory assignments.
Closelytsupervised training proram
conducted by skilled teachers and dem-
onstrators for 24 months then as-
signed as Manager of Corporation
McGraw-Hill Publishing Company, De-
troit, Mich..Location of Work, District
Offices in 15 leading cities from coast
to coast. Men with BA or MA in Lib-
eral Arts, BBA or MBA for Sales an
Management,i Sales Training last from
THE CULTURE BIT:
The New Propagandism
By JAMES ELSMAN JR.
The Process of Set-Building
By DAVID NEWMAN
T BE SHORT, Arthur Larson's point last
night was that it is important to win the
sympathies of the 'world's peoples, and to do
this it is necessary to convey to them "What
We Are For."
Underlying this thesis was an assumption
that we are, as a nation, "for" the most persua-
sive ideas and values, but our failure to .win
the newly freed peoples of the world has come
because our propaganda has not been effective.
Thus, we could have more ideological mag-
netism if we clearly express what we have now,
what the future can promise and what fallacies
weaken the Communist argument to the under-
developed. Though generally provocative, Mr.
Larson left openings in all three areas.
What we have now-or what Mr. Larson
would likeus to have if it weren't for powerful
and selfish interests in many camps-is "En-
terprise Democracy," Where the government,
labor and capital work together for the highest
PETER ECKSTEIN, Editor
JAMES ELSMAN, JR. VERNON NAHRGANG
product and good of all. (After all, bargaining
between labor and management is just as like
and natural as that between the butcher and
the housewife, says Latson.) So we should take
this Enterprise Democracy (capitalized because
the speech may be a parallel of Gen. Marshall's
at Harvard, who knows) and say to two-thirds
of the world "that is not much better off than
5,000 years ago-HERE."
COURSE it was politik of the speaker not
to advocate that we help these people out
with more than words, but with dollars and
advice, since foreign aid is before a stingy
Congress today. Also politik was Larson's
neglect of what we are for politically in the
world. If a Tunisian in last-,night's audience
wondered about we are for in North Africa, he
would have left without an answer, perhaps
thinking that U.S. silence is indicative of just
how we do feel. Even on economics-his only
concern-he did not explain such things as
U.S. tariff walls. In short, he was not too honest
In admitting our weaknesses.
What the future promises is an ultimate
capitalism where "everyone -owns enough capi-
tal so no one is dependent on his daily toil."
These are stimulating words but this future is
far distant if we are to judge by present pro-
gress and circumstances.
JUST ABOUT the busiest man on
campus this week is one Ralph
Duckwall, Boy Scenic Designer.
With "A Masked Ball" slated to
open tomorrow night, he is cur-
rently involved in the. hectic pro-
cess of mounting his four sets on
the Lydia stage. Since we always
enjoy watching other people work
hard, we dropped. backstage yes-
terday to watch the fun.
vWhen we arrived, enormous can-
vas Masts were being hauled up
by five sturdy coeds. We gleefully
watched them grunt and groan for
awhile and then found Duckwall,
clad in work clothes, in the center
of the stage barking commands to
his charges. "Watch it! There are
lights there!" he called to one
girl. "Move it to the left!" he told
* * *
BRAVELY DUCKING the flying
canvas, we ventured onto center-
stage only to find Duckwall zoom-
ing toward the pulley ropes. All in
all, we spent the first ten minutes
of our visit following like Sancho
Panza as Duckwall dashed from
rope to rope.
At last a cup of black 'coffee
was brought to the surprisingly
unharried designer, and we retired
to the peace and quiet of the
Green Room, just off stage. Duck-
wall is an instructor in Scenery
Corq tnd n ha rP n i h mnimf_
get this across to the audience
would be through late 18th-Cen-
We asked for clarification and
he hauled out his sketches for
the show. "A Masked Ball" uses
"drop and wings" in its settings-
that is, protruding wings and a
flat canvas drop, This gives what
Duckwall termed "perspective
through non-realistic setting" to
In other words, there is no
three-dimensional detail on the
stage. "It's all done by two dimen-
sion illusionary paint," he said.
The sky, the curtains, the books,
the doorways are all painted and
** * *
DUCKWALL begins his scenic
work by sketching ideas and floor
plans for the director to use in
fixing his paths of action. In all
cases, the script makes demands
on the designer as well as the
The next step involves confer-
ring with the customer about color
schemes. All the while, Duckwall
does scholarly research into the
period of the production. He tries
to avoid past sets other people
have designed for the specific
The final drawings include ele-
vations and fionr nlans donet n
the /valiant coeds to do the heavy
Duckwall believes that the
scenery should be an integral part
of a play's concept. "The designer
should assist the playwright in
carrying out his intent," he ex-
plained. "He is duty-bound to that
playwright in giving him what he
wants. Of course, the moot point
here is interpretation, or just what
does the playwright want?
A bad set can hurt the entire
play, Duckwall believes. "In Shake-
speare, for example, if you attempt
to make each scene a totally dif-
ferent setting, you ruin the flow
of the play."
The Lydia Mendelssohn presents
other problems. "It's a nice stage
to work on, but the biggest prob-
lem is off-stage space. There isn't
any," he mused.
* * *
AT THIS POINT, an assistant
came dashing into the room. "You
want handles on those doors?"
he asked his mentor. Duckwall
took time out to explain that he
not only wanted handles, but a
certain kind of handles screwed
into a certain part of the door in
a certain way. We were impressed,
"A scene should never call at-
tention to itself," said the design-
er, after dismissing his ward. "I
do not like the idea of a set
- ;- - - . -A , - -. ......-
THE BUDAPEST String Quartet
appeared in the third and final
concert of this year's Chamber
Music Festival in Rackham Audi-
torium on Sunday afternoon. In
many ways the performance was
A much greater variety of tonal
colors as well as considerably more
rhythmic drive gave to this per-
formance greater interest and en-
thusiasm than in the previous two
The program opened with the
B-fiat major Quartet of Beethoven,
Op. 18, No. 6. Of the three works
performed in the Festival from
this opus, I found this to be the
The opening Allegro was quite
good, with a strong sense of
variety in color and dynamics. The
Adagio had a tendency to drag,
but the Scherzo picked up nicely.
The final movement, titled "La
Malinconia," was performed in a
dramatic and vital manner. The
re-entrance of the material from
the slow introduction was brought
off quite well.
HINDEMITH'S String Quartet,
Op. 22, No. 3, was given a lovely,
warm performance. The group
seemed to feel considerable em-
pathy for this war and performed
it better than either of the other
two 20th century quartets of the
The linear qualities of the open-
ing movement were ..lyrically
handled. Energy and excitement
permeated the playing in the sec-
ond movement, which was vividly
contrasted with the quiet melody
of the third. The Quartet was con-
cluded in a powerful manner.
The final offering of the Festival
was Mozart's String Quintet in
E-fiat major, K, 614, in which
Robert Courte of the music school
faculty again performed the com-
plementary viola part.
The entire ensemble played with
brighter and lighter tone than
heretofore. This added consider-
able sparkle and life to the work.