EFFICIENCY AND EQUITY
IN LITARY M SERVICE
See Page 4
Latest Deadline in the State
VOL. LXVII, No. 98 ANN ABOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 17, 1957
To Cost Problem
WASHINGTON (iP) - Senator
LL Stuart Symington (D-Mo.) said
today that."a lack of efficlent uni-
fication of our armed forces has
cost the American taxpayers be-
tween 25 and 50 billion dollars the
last .10 years."
"Instead of a unified Defense
Department that Congress ap-
proved in 1947, we now have four
or perhaps even five competing
military departments," he told a
"And there are suggestions for
setting up a new over-all procure-
' ment department," he continued.
"That would be a sixth.
"Some members of Congress
have been suggesting a single new
ballistics missile unit. That would
be the seventh. Where in the name
of heaven are we going to stop?"
Symington, who was first secre-
tary of the Air Force when Con-
gress 'gave that department equal
standing with the Army and Navy,
recently was named chairman of
a new task force of the Senate
"I hope we can find some ways
of slashing through the needless
duplication and triplification that
now characterizes much of the
present Pentagon operation," he
He said a prediction by the late
Secretary of Defense James For-
restal, has come true.
When Congress approved the
1947 act that ordered a single
defense establishment with the
Army, Navy and Air Force as
subordinate departments, Syming-
ton said the public was promised
that the Defense Department
would be a small, top level policy
"But Secretary Forrestal pre-
dicted then it would become a
fourth military department with
a large organization," he said.
"Now we have so many secre-
taries or assistant secretaries in
the Pentagon that the whole thing
remains misty and fuzzy to me."
The Kashmir dispute now before
the United Nations Security Coun-
cil will be debated at 7:45 p.m. to-
morrow in the Union, according to
Mohammed Azhar All Kahn, Pak-
istan Student Association presi-
Moderated by Davis H. Roenisch,
of the mathematics department,
the program will feature speakers
from India and Pakistan.
This will be followed by open
debate with representatives from
other countries who desire to
Samin Kahn, Grad., speaking
for Pakistan, and Chandra Ahooja,
'58E, representing the Indian Stu-
dent Association, will each talk
for 15 minutes.
Citizens of the United States,
ippines, Egypt, and Chile have al-
ready asked to speak during the
five minutes alloted their coun-
"We have planned this debate
tc inform the American people on
the issues and viewpoints involved
since Kashmir borders not only
India and Pakistan, but Russia and
China as well and therefore is an
issue of great importance to Am-
erica," Ali Kahn said.
Ali Kahn is studying at the Uni-
versity under a fellowship granted
by the journalism department.
WCBN, the campus radio net-
work, will broadcast the debate.
WASHINGTON (AP) - Senator Styles Bridges (R-N.H.) called
yesterday for a 750 million dollar cut in defense spending as part of
a proposed two and a half billion dollar reduction in President Dwight
D. Eisenhower's budget.
At the same time, Sen. A. J. Ellender (D-La.) accused the Defense
Department of "juggling" funds appropriated by Congress and of
trying to get "the best of everything available, and the cost be
Bridges, chairman of the Senate Republican Policy Committee
and his party's top member of the Appropriations Committee, joined
Cris is Near
I n Red Life
CHICAGO ()-Allen W. Dulles
said last night there are "some'
real signs of hope" that the Com-
munist way of life is facing a
greater crisis than is capitalism.
Dulles, director of the Central
Intelligence Agency, said the Com-
munists are facing "undeniable"
internal pressure for change and
greater freedom that seem "un-
likely to diminsh with the pas-
sage of time."
He said these pressures, "artifi-
cially suppressed during the Sta-
lin era," are coming from indus-
trial managers, professional class-
es, workers and students.
But he said it "would be folly
to assume that international com-
munism is on the verge of col-
The free world, he said, faces
the "very real danger" that com-
munism may bolster its position.
in the Middle East by "stirring
up troubled waters" and in the
Far East where Red China is
"posing an ever increasing threat
to many nations in that era."
But for the lang range, he said,
sporadic success abroad will not
solve the basic problems besetting
Russia, "if we correctly assume
that the evolutionary process has
Dulles, brother of Secretary of
State John Foster Dulles, said the
downgrading of Stalin by Nikita
Khrushchev, first secretary of the
Communist party, has loosed a
"flood of self-questioning" but
"plumbed the depths of doubt
about the integrity of the Commu-
nist political structure.
"If the Soviet leaders want to
increase productivity and initiative
they have to lift controls still
OSen. William F. Knowland of Cali-
fornia, the minority leader, in an
unprecedented GOP assault on the
President's $71,800,000,000 spend-
Knowland has called for two
billion dollars in cuts.
Secretary of the Treasury George
M. Humphrey has invited Congress
to trim the money requests and
Eisenhower has said Congress has'
the duty to do that if it can.
Bridges said he had found places
where the budget can be cut a
total of $3,300,000,000 But hej
added that pressure groups prob-
ably will defeat any such reduc-
"However," he said, "I hope
there would be sufficient congres-
sional resistance so that at least
two and a half billion in savings
could be realized. I felt such an
over-all cut would not in any way
impair essential services or weaken
our defense position."
Knowland and some others who
have advocated reductions 'have
not proposed cuts in military.
spending. But Bridges said that
the budget's defense total of 38
billion dollars "is an awful lot of
money" and. could stand a 750
million dollar reduction. He said
he would be "looking hard" to
see if that figure could be upped
to a billion.
In saying the budget could be
slashed $3,300,000,000 if pressure
groups did not interfere, the New
Hampshire senator, mentioned:
A $1,175,000,000 slice in foreign
aid funds, a 500 million dollar cut
in farm and public assistance
funds, a 575 million saving in
public works money and 300 mil-
lion in smaller items in addition
to the defense reductions.
Bridges, said there is a backlog
of more than six billion dollars in
spending authority available for
foreign aid and "I seriously ques-
tion whether or not all of our
foreign aid funds are spent within
the declared and enacted policy
What's in a name?
South Quad residents specu-
lated on that question yesterday
when they read the menu for
the evening meal which in-
cluded "beef with dressing."
The question was answered
as the men entered the serving
line and found that "beef with
dressing" was no new food ex-
Instead it turned out to be
the familiar seasoned bread
wrapped in a slice of meat.
Before the residence halls'
new. master menu was imple-
mented on Jan. 16, they were
known to all as the infamous
WASHINGTON W) - Secretary
of State John Foster Dulles con-
ferred with Israel's ambassador
yesterday in a continuing - but
so far unsuccessful - attempt to
get Israeli troops out of Egypt
No progress was announced but
the two men arranged to meet
Dulles held the session with
Ambasador Abba Eban after flying
back to Washington from an ur-
gent conference with President
Dwight D. Eisenhower in Georgia.
The United States is pressing
Israel to agree to withdrawal of
its forces without insisting on
"guarantees" for its interests in
the Gaza Strip and the Gulf of
Eban said after the unusual
meeting at Dulles' home that his
country is "looking for security
for our homes, for our shipping in
international waterways, for free-
dom to trade and live in peace
without being shot at across our
As to what may happen if the
issue must go back to the United
Nations-where demands for sanc-
tions against Israel have been
voiced by Arab countries-Eban
"We shall fight for our just
cause there just as everywhere
His words reflected an uncom-
promising- determination on the
part of his government to have
strong assurances that the Gaza
Strip will not again become a base
for Egyptian raids and that Israeli
shipping will be free to use the
Gulf of Aqaba.
Eban described yesterday's talk
with Dulles as one in which each
man "tried to clarify" the policies
of his government as laid down in
conferences here earlier this week.
State Department press officer
Lincoln White said the two will
meet again at 3 p.m. today.
Dulles, following his overnight
series of talks with the President
at Thomasville, Ga., spoke of the
"probability of,further action" in
the United Nations in connection
with "the failure of Israel so far"
to comply with UN resolutions
asking withdrawal of the troops.
Dulles said on arrival here that
the United States is giving Israel
"an opportunity to make further
clarification about their position
if they wish to." Later he received
Eban for the talk which lasted 70
Niehuss Says Salary Raise Needed
To Compete with Other Schools
By PETER ECKSTEIN
The University's standing among American coleges is
being threatened by an unprecedented wave of competition
for its faculty members, the Regents were warned yesterday.
Vice-President and Dean of Faculties Marvin Niehuss
described wholesale attempts by other schools at "raiding"
the University's teaching staff with offers of higher pay, de-
partment chairmanships and deanships. He declared that if
the University's competitive position is allowed to decline;
"then you have put yourself into the second rank" of Aneri-
"The shortage of teachers is upon us now," he concluded,
and. is being reflected in the "desperate efforts" by other
schools at building up their faculties at the expense of the
University's. "There are not enough first-rate people to go
At the same time, Niehuss acknowledged to The Daily
that the University is itself engaged in "quite a bit" of raid-
ing, but has been more frequently frustrated in its attempts.
And recent offers to Uni-
POLISHED FELLOW-Ron Kramer (with ball) prepares to pass
off as he ducks under Hiles Stout of Illinois (15). Kramer applied
some of his grind and polish football philosophy in last night's
game as he led a late Wolverine surge that crushed the Illini.
Late Wolverine Surge
Announce New Appointees
By JOHN HILLYER
M i c h i g a n' s basketball crew
wasn't even supposed to win last
night, but it played tie role poorly,,
snapping a Yost Field House scor-I
ing record to trounce Illinois, 102-
89, before a full, noisy house.
The victory shuffled up an al-
ready tight Big Ten race. The win
coupled with Minnesota's defeat
of Purdue placed the Wolverines in
a three way tie with Illinois and
Minnesota for fourth place.
Kramer Hits For 25
A nip-and-tuck thriller for most
of the evening, the contest broke
wide open at about the three-
quarter mark as captain Ron Kra-
mer went on a belated scoring
Kramer led all scorers with 25
The 102 total not only eclipsed
the Field House standard for any
game, but also the best Michigan
effort anywhere, anytime in a Big
A capacity crowd roared its ap-
proval as Illinois' Tom Haller,
helping to carry out his team's
rather ineffective press, hacked
M. C. Burton with 15 seconds re-
maining and the score reading 98-
Lee Scores Record Breaker
Burton, responsible for 23 mark-
ers, calmly toed the charity stripe
and made both free throwsnto give
the home team what its fans de-
Seconds before the b u z z e r
sounded, guard George Lee drove
in from the right side after Illinois
had missed a shot and layed up thel
During the first half, the lead
changed hands too many times to
be kept track of, and the Wolver-
ines had a two-point advantage at
Illini Miss BonSalle
Actually, the losers might have
had somewhat of an advantage at!
this point, but they blew countless
"dog shots" underneath the basket.
For this reason and because they
got 20 fewer rebounds than did
Michigan, it was evident that the
Illini missed their scholastically-
ineligible "big man," center George
See WOLVERINES, page 6
By The Associated Press
SAN FRANCISCO - Adlai E.
Stevenson, speaking out against
'"rock-and-roll diplomacy," last
night advocated a course of action
-"even at' the risk of war"-to
bring peace to the troubled Middle
The twice-defeated Democratic
presidential nominee, in his first
speech since shortly after the 1956
election, said the objectives are
"clear and simple-"To open the
Suez canal to the traffic of all
nations, to establish peace between
Israel and her Arab neighbors,
and, while we don't propose to
dominate anyone ourselves, we
don't propose that Russia domi-
nate anyone either."
WASHINGTON - Rep. H. S.
Reuss (D-Wis.) reported yesterday
the Justice Department is actively
checking into polio vaccine sales
to see whether there has been
Reuss said he got this word
from deputy Attorney General
William P. Rogers in response to
an inquir'y Reuss made of the Jus-
tice Department two weeks ago in
which he urged an investigation.
versity faculty members have
been "all very substantially
above our salary levels. Our
level is still pretty good, but
not as good as we thought it
The report came three days be-
f or scheduled legislative commit-
tee hearings on the University's
1957-58 budget. The University!
has r e q u e st e d approximately
$3,000,000 in salary increases, an
average increase of 10 per cent.
Tentative plans, Niehuss re-
ported, call for making across-
the-board increases of six per
cent, with the remaining money-
should the legislature appropriate
it-to be used on selected merit
Top Priority Items
University President Harlan
Hatcher called salary increases
"one of the top priority items" in
the University's budget.
Niehuss denied a contention by
Regent Alfred Connable of Kala-
mazoo, that society has finally
recognized the value of the teach-
ing profession. With an eye on
the "Lansing situation" Niehuss
asserted. "It isn't society as yet
which has moved," but only the
Niehuss illustrated his report
to the Regents with examples of
intercollegiate competition for
teachers, which he called the most
intense in his experience in edu-
Floods of Offers
While engineering, mathemat-
ics, chemistry and physics have
been subjected to "floods" of of-
fers from schools and from the
business world, the facilities of
the professional schools and the
social science departments have
also received many job offers.
Niehuss cited offers of $20,000
a year to a University economics
professor, deanships to several
law school professors, and $27,000
a year to one professor for non-
teaching "educational activity."
He said that several recent leaves
of absence were granted on the
assumption that the professors
involved would leave permanently
if they could not take temporary
The University's own attempts
at building up its faculty through
"raiding" have been frequently
met by immediate salary increases
for the wooed professor-some-
times as large as $4,000 more than
they were previously receiving.
While normal University res-
ponse to reports of higher salary
offers by other schools has been
to assure the professor that his
pay situation would be reviewed
for the next school year-as are
all faculty salaries-the increased
competition has led to more "di-
At yesterday's meeting the Re-
gents acknowledged such a prob-
lem by the unusual action of
i',,nano ,three. y -j, ,,r cab v
Civil Righ ts
WASHINGTON (M--A Senate
hearing on civil rights erupted
yesterday into an angry dispute
over a suggestion that President
Dwight D. Eisenhower might try
to back up court decrees with
Atty. Gen. Brownell, who was
testifying at the time, protested
what he said was an implication
that the President "would act
recklessly, if not unconstitutional-
Brownell said no one ever had
thought to using federal troops to
enforce the Supreme Court's deci-
sion banning school segregation.
For parts of three days Brown-
ell has been before a Senate Judi-
ciary subcommittee, undergoing
rigorous questioning by Sen. Sam
Ervin, Jr., (D-N.C.), an opponent
of proposed civil rights bills, in-
cluding those of the administra-
Tension had been rising gradu-
ally. Brownell described himself
as "a little nettled" by one line of
The blowoff came after the ques-
tioning of Brownell was taken
over by Robert Young, a member
of the Judiciary Committee Staff
assigned by Chairman J. O. East-
land (D-Miss.) to help foes of the
civil rights measures.
Young immediately raised the
question as to whether the Presi-
dent had power under a post-Civil
War law to send federal troops
into the states to enforce court
The committee lawyer prefaced
this question by saying there has
been "a great deal of worry"
about how far the federal govern-
ment might go in trying to enforce
the Supreme Court's school de-
Nearly $295,000 in gifts, grants
and bequests was accepted by the
University Regents at their meet-
The Carnegie Corporation gave
$100,000, the largest grant, to con-
tinue the Center for Japanese
Studies' program of training and
research on Japan. This is the
third Carnegie grant in this area.
Tw_ frfcfnmt.Vrr n
Prof. George G. Brown, dean of
the College of Engineering, was
granted sick leave from Jan. 12
to April 1 by the University Re-
gents at their meeting yesterday.
A sabbatical leave for the spring
semester was given Prof. Stanley
A. Cain, chairman of the conser-
vation department, to prepare a
textbook in conservation. Prof.
Lyle Craine will serve as acting
In an appointment, Dr. Paul S.
Barker was named acting chair-
man of the internal medicine de-
partment of the School of Medi-
cine. He will replace Dr. Cyrus C.
Sturgis, who asked to be relieved
of the post for health reasons and
so he may concentrate on his
teaching and private practice.
Appointed acting chairman of
the English department was Prof.
Louis I. Bredvold, who will serve
for the spring semester. Prof. Joe
L. Davis of the English depart-
ment, was named acting chair-
man for the summer session.
Prof. Warner G. Rice, present
five year appointment of a chair-
man of the classics department.
His name will be announced later.
Leaves of absence were also
granted Prof. Quentin C. Vines,I
Prof. Vrnest F. Brater, Prof. Wil-
bert Steffy, Prof. John G. Young
and Prof. Wilfred M. Senseman,
all of the engineering college;
Prof. Gerald O. Dykstra of the
School of Business Administra-
tion; Miss Fritzie Gareis and Miss
Ruth W. Harris, both associate
supervisors in women's physical
Board To Direct Drama Season
By DAVID TARR
The hazy future of professional
drama in Ann Arbor began to
clear yesterday with formalization
of a University Drama Season
The board, which has been in
pany, will lose their lease on
Masonic Temple soon, leaving fu-
ture plans "up in the air," ac-
cording to DAC promoter Doris
Attendance this season has been
drama board, indicated that if WASHINGTON-U.S. diplomats
DAC should have to close, a group have told senators that "protracted
of students and professionals debate" might arouse doubts about
might be organized by the drama American support of President
season ooard to replace it. I Dwight D. Eisenhower's Middle
Favors Programs East resolution.
"The University board looks A joint Senate committee last