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February 14, 1957 - Image 4

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Michigan Daily, 1957-02-14

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mPNdlgatEilg
Sixty-Seventh Year
EDrED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241

"Don't Say I'm Not A Good Watchman-
I Watched The Whole Thing"

"When Opinions Are Free
Truth Will Prevail"

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 14, 1957 NIGHT EDITOR: CAROL PRINS

The Honors Condl Plan-
A Significant Advance. . .

U NIVERSITY's first sensible program to com-
bat problems raised by democratization of
education is presented in the new Honors
Council plan of the literary college.
Democratization of education-the growing
tendency toward giving everybody a college
education with decreased regard for ability--
has meant that the level of teaching for a group
of students has been determined by the com-
mon denominator, the average student.
While much has been done to aid the average
student in time of trouble, relatively little has
been done to encourage above-average students
to strive for further academic development. In
the classroom, the student of superior ability or
training often loses interest because of an in-
structional level aimed at students less able or
well-trained. ,
Many freshmen and sophomores with above-
average potential fail to realize this potential
when they must accept "old-hash" courses
which they are required to take in their first
two years, and instructors who have little to
offer in courses which would otherwise be inter-
esting and informative.
Moreover, outside the classroom a student's
recognition by his fellow students is based not
upon academic advancement, but upon such
social embroidery as fraternal affiliation and
positions held in the extra-curricular activities.
The report on which the new literary college
plan is based sums up this situation concisely:
"At present, intellectual activity competes
rather unfavorably with extra-curricular activi-
ties."
THE COLLEGE has been concerned about
the educational development of the above-
average student prior to the adoption of the
Honors Council plan. For the most part, how-
ever, recognition of the needs of superior
students has been on a departmental basis,

and even then somewhat disorganized. Outside
of a few well-developed honors programs, em -
phasis has been placed primarily on advanced
sections, special courses and other special ar-
rangements.
Exceptions have been made, but until now
little has been done toward formulating a regu-
lar program, centrally organized, for attracting
and counseling superior students.
The problem is mainly one of organizing the
various activities of the College for the superior
student by means of unified administration of
those operations and solution of those problems
which the individual department programs
share il common. The foundations for expan-
sion and improvement already exist; they
merely need to be fitted into some kind of a
sensible, over-all program.
This is what the Honors Council plan does.
THE SIGNIFICANT PART of the plan is the
policy-making authority vested in the Coun-
cil. Being able to waive normal College rules
and grant credit for intellectual achievement
which has not been attained in regular courses,
the Honors Council has opened up new frontiers
for the superior student-the student who,
ironically enough, has previously been getting
the wrong end of the educational deal.
The Honors Council plan is a clear, compre-
hensive program for meeting the necessity for
educational challenge, attraction and counsel-
ing of superior students, and giving College-
wide direction and focus to the Honors pro-
grams.
If it is effectively instituted, it will provide
an intelligent contradiction, at least from the
literary college, to the validity of the claim that
the University is becoming intellectually stag-
nant.
-RICHARD SNYDER
Editor

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WASHINGTON MERRY-GO-ROUND:
LodgeINo Groundhog
By DREW PEARSON

Eastern affairs are wondering ift
meets the eye. Otherwise, they
feel, niether Israel nor Egypt has
too much to go on.
At the matter now stands, it
looks very much as though the
United States is hoping that some-
thing can be accomplished merely
by a strong statement of what it
thinks should happen.
There is as yet no official sup-
port for speculation that the
United States might send an Am-
erican ship or ships through the
strait to establish the internation-
ality of the passage.
* * *
EGYPT'S reaction to such an
action by the United States would
be no indication of her attitude to-
ward Israeli ships later. *
Secondly, Egypt would certain-
ly consider such an action an af-
front, and the United States would
lose some of the Arab good will
which has accrued to her because
of her attitude toward the Israeli-
French-British actions of the last
few months.
One way to assay the actions
of the United States in the Middle
East today is to remember that
she intends to pursue the basic
policy, often stated by President
Eisenhower, of trying to maintain
friendship with both sides.
Israeli leaders in the United
States apeared to be happy at
first over the Dulles memorandum
discussing possibilities under which
their country's troops could with-
draw in safety from the Gaza
Strip and the Aqaba area.
That happiness appears to have
been somewhat dulled by further
study or by the attitude of their
government at home.
There is pique among the Egyp-
tians that the proposals were out-
lined only to the Israelis while
they got a second-hand fill-in
through the United Nations.
The Egyptians, however, have
a right to be disturbed by the pos-
sibility that the Western Powers
would eventually use the Gulf of
Aqaba and Israel to bypass the
Suez Canal through a diversion of
commerce, thus cutting off a
major Egyptian source of income
in normal times.
LETTERS
to the
EDITOR

there may be more in them than.
DAILY
OFFICIAL
BULLETIN
The Daily Official Bulletin Is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility. Notices should be sent in
TYPEWRITTEN form to Room 3553
Adminsitration Building, before 2
p.m. the day preceding publication.
Notices for Sunday Daily cdue at 2:00
p.m. Friday.
THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 14, 1957
VOL. LXVII, NO. 9-
General Notices
Fellowship applications are now
available for the Margaret Kraus Rams-
dell Award, used to assist students of
the University in pursuing graduate
studies in this country or abroad in
religious education or in preparation
for the Christian ministry. Both men
and women may apply. Applications
should be made to the Dean of the
Graduate School on forms obtainable
from the Graduate School. The dead-
line is March 15, 1957.
Fellowship and Scholarship Applica-
tions for Graduate School will be ac-
cepted through 4 p.m. Fri., Feb. 15. All
supporting credentials including trans-
cripts and letters of recommendation
must be received by this time. Late
applications cannot be considered, and
the deadline will not be extended.,
The following student sponsored so-
cial events are approved for the, com-
ing week-end. Social chairmen are re-
minded that requests for approval for
social events are due in the Office of
Student Affairs not later than; 12:00
noon onthe Tues. prior to the event.
Feb. 15: Delta Theta Phi, Kappa Al-
pha Theta, Phi Delta Phi, Tau Delta
Phi.
Feb. 16: Acacia, Adams House, Alpha
Delta Phi, Alpha Tau Omega, Anderson
House, Beta Theta Pi, Chi Phi, Chi Psi,
Chicago House, Delta Chi, Delta Delta
Delta, Delta Sigma Delta, Delta Tats
Delta, Delta Theta Phi, Evans Scholars,
Gomberg House, Hawaii Club, Kappa
E Alpha Psi, Lambda Chi Alpha, Michi-
gan House, Nu Sigma Nu, Phi Alpha
E Kappa, Phi Delta Phi, Phi Delta Theta,
Phi Epsilon Pl, Phi Gamma Delta, Phi
Kappa Psi, Phi Kappa Sigma, Phi Kap-
pa Tau, Phi Sigma Delta, Psi Omega,
Phi Rho Sigma, Sigma Alpha Epsilon,
Sigma Alpha Mu, Sigma Chi, Sigma
Kappa, Theta Chi, Theta Xi.
Feb. 17: Phi Delta Phi.

INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
Dulles' Mid-East Plan
Still Hanging in Air
By J. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News Analyst
SECRETARY DULLES' suggestion that the United States would help
keep the Gulf of Aqaba open to Israeli shipping, and that the Gaza
Strip be neutralized provides Israel withdraws her armed forces be-
hind the 1949 armistice lines, is still hanging in the air.
More about its effect may be known after the Israeli Cabinet
meets today.
So far, published details are incomplete. Observers of Middle

'1

and a Suggestion

IT IS DIFFICULT to find qualification for the
praise that is rightly to be bestowed upon
the literary college faculty, deans, and the
special committee which recently proposed the
new Honors Council.
What is so gratifying is that it represents a
rare high-powered movement against the drift
of education at the University-a drift toward
expansion and enrollment increase, larger
classes and less individual attention, extensive
education at the great expense of intensive
education.
By way of suggestion rather than criticism,
however, we would call attention to the compo-
sition of the Honors Council. While each de-
partment should and will be represented, we
would venture that no such Council can be
complete without the inclusion of some student
representation, perhaps one non-voting honors
student from each department, more probably
one voting student each from the humanities,
natural sciences, and social sciences.
There are two obvious objections. One is that
students who would qualify for the Council
would normally serve a maximum of two years
(barring graduate student members), and that
such a short tenure might not be sufficient to

the task of becoming familiar with the require-
ments of the honors program.
On the other hand, the high turnover of
student members would have the very great
virtues of assuring fresh approaches and new
ideas from a natural source of them-the stu-
dents most concerned.
A second objection might be that academic
planning is not a democratic procedure but
the job of those best trained by experience to
know the academic requirements of the college.
This may well be true, especially in the case
of groups planning specific curricula or teach-
ing materials.
THE JOB OF the Honors Council would more
likely be a broad overseeing of the needs
of the college as a whole, and few would be
better qualified to know those needs than
those who have recently experienced the frus-
trations of an inadequate education.
But suggestions as to mechanics, while im-
portant, are dwarfed by the possible implica-
tions of a shift in literary college education
from a broader appeal to a deeper one and an
attempt to reaffirm that the quality as well as
the quantity of education is of major concern to
the institutions of a democracy.
-PETER ECKSTEIN

H ANDSOME. hard - w o r k i n g
Henry Cabot Lodge, U.S. Am-
bassador to the U.N., does not want
to be a groundhog, not even an
honorary one.
He made this quite clear the
other day to the Slumbering
Groundhog Lodge of Quarryville,
Pa.
Every year the Groundhog Lodge
of Quarryville goes through a
ritual to ascertain what the real
groundhog thinks about the pros-
pects of a mild and cold winter,
an early or late spring. Quite a
few distinguished citizens have
participated in this groundhog
ceremony and become honorary
groundhogs - including Harry S.
Truman and Secretary of Defense
Charles E. Wilson.
But up in Boston, whence came
Ambassador Lodge and where his
grandfather was that famed Bos-
ton Brahmin, Sen. Henry Cabot
Lodge, who helped defeat Wood-
row Wilson's League of Nations,
it's said: "The Cabots speak only
to Lodges and the Lodges speak
only to God."
So, when Ambassador Henry
Cabot Lodge received the invita-
tion from the Slumbering Ground-
hog Lodge of Quarryville, Pa., to
become an honorary groundhog,
his secretary replied:
"Ambassador Lodge has made
it a principle since becoming rep-
resentative at the United Nations
not to accept membership in any
organization, even honorary mem-
bership, if he cannot devote to its
activities a portion of his time
and energy."
He could devote neither time nor
energy to being an honorary
groundhog.
PRESIDENT Eisenhower empha-

sized to a secret meeting of Re-
publican Congressional leaders the
other day that he wanted the
school construction bill passed this
year.
When GOP leaders reminded
him that the school bill might be'
derailed by a fight over segrega-
tion, he observed:
"Well, I still think the program
can be put through without major
change. I am not going to make
any more concessions."
A commission which Ike ap-
pointed last year reported that
construction of more schools would
not be enough to solve our educa-
tion needs for elementary and
high school students. The com-
mission also stressed the need for
federal funds to attract more and
better teachers, by raising salaries.
However, the Administration re-
jected this broad proposal.
"It seems to me that the best
way is to get the school bill taken
up first by the Senate," suggested
the President. "Then, we would
be in better shape to head off the
Powell Anti-Segregation amend-
ment, which stalled the bill in the
last session."
"There's only one thing wrong
with that, Mr. President - the
Democratic leadership," broke in
Senate GOP leader Bill Knowland
of California, amid laughs. "Sen.
Lyndon Johnson of Texas, the
majority leader, prefers that both
the school bill and the civil rights
measure originate in the House.
And we Republicans are outvoted
by Senator Johnson and the Dem-
ocrats."±
"Well, work it out the best way
you can," Ike concluded the dis-
cussion.
Note: colleagues generally agree
that Rep. Adam Clayton Powell

of New York, a Democrat in name
only who supported Ike in the last
campaign, is chiefly interested in
personal publicity in pressing for
his anti-segregation amendment.
* * *
IT HASN'T been released to' the
public, but the Commerce Depart-
ment has sent a report to Congress
on the scrap-metal shortage, tell-
ing how the Hoover depression is
now casting a shadow over the
Eisenhower boom.
The report warns that the boom-
ing steel industry, whose profits
soared over $1 billion in 1956, faces
"imminent depletion of high-melt-
ing scrap supplies that could lead
to a critical shortage" by 1960.
Cause of the shortage goes back
to the low production levels and
longer use of machinery during the
1930 depression years. This is now
beginning to be felt, since high-
grade scrap comes chiefly from
obsolete machinery and heavy
structural steel that was new 30
years ago.
Another blow to scrap supplies
will come in the 1970's, the report
predicts, because of "heavy war
and shipping losses of World War
II."
High-melting scrap is the life-
blood of the modern steel industry.
The big integrated steel companies
use about 40 per cent scrap iron
and steel. But the small compan-
ies, which don't produce their own
ores, use from 70 to 100 per cent
scrap.
The unpublished Commerce De-
partment report points oat that
"Domestic consumption and ex-
ports during the two-year period
of 1954-56 represent all-time high
withdrawals of scrap from national
sources."
(Copyright 1957 by Bell Syndicate, Inc.)

Support for Capital Improvements

ANN ARBOR voters will have a long needed
opportunity to do big and vital things for
their city in April. Overdue municipal improve-
ments and new development can become real-
ity if the entire capital improvements program
is approved by the citizens in the oncoming
elections.
The plan is broad, including provisions for
the future needs of the city and the deficien-
cies of the present. In the eleven point pro-
Oar MSxr1tgan &i1tlg
Editorial Staff
RICHARD SNYDER. Editor
RICHARD HALLORAN LEE MARKS
Editorial Director City Editor
GAIL GOLDSTEIN ................Personnel Director
ERNEST THEODOSSIN.............. Magazine Editor
JANET REARICK ......Associate Editorial Director
MARY ANN THOMAS................ Features Editor
DAVID GREY.. ............... . Sports Editor
RICHARD CRAMER............Associate Sports Editor
STEPHEN HEILPERN ........Associate Sports Editor
VIRGINIA ROBERTSON... .... Women's Editor
JANE F'OWLER ........Associate Women's Editor
ARLINE LEWIS................Women's Feature Editor
JOHN HIRTZEL.,................Chief Photographer
Business Staff
DAVID SILVER, Business Manager
MILTON GOLDSTEIN Associate Business Manager
WILLIAM USCH.............Advertising Manager
CHARLES WILSON ...,..... 'Inance Manager

gram is provision for water mains and a re-
servoir at North Campus. This is especially
significant in view of the extensive beginnings
of industrial research.
Already, Parke-Davis and Bendix Corpora-
tion are set to establish research centers there.
Only by guaranteeing water supply to this area
will industry be definitely attracted.
Along this same line, water and sewage pro-
visions of the plan include the south-west side
of Ann Arbor and the Pittsfield valley, in an
effort to make these areas desirable for com-
merce and industry. This planned expansion
will provide many jobs for the growing com-
munity and revenue fr6m corporation taxes
may eventually lighten the citizen's tax bur-
den.
OF EQUAL importance to the city residents
is the proposed new city hall. The present
antiquated structure is, to say the least, grossly
inadequate. A new building is essential to a
community which has increased rapidly in
population and area.
In keeping with the well balanced program,
provisions for park improvements, street pav-
ing, improved traffic safety, the construction
of two wings onto the city garage and improved
sanitation are musts for the taxpayer, as a res-
ident of a city suffering from growing pains.
Total cost of the project is over 12 million
dollars, of which only 3 million is to be fi-
nanced by proposed thirty year bond issues.
mn 4. h .u- irvi ia ... +var t - + mm wllarmmm+

DUAL RESPONSIBILITY:
Press Needs Discerning 'Readers

By ALLAN STILLWAGON
Daily Staff Writer
DOUGLAS CATER proved him-
self a perceptive and responsible
citizen during his campus appear-
ance Monday. The Reporter's
Washington correspondent is well
aware of the obligation the press
has to exercise objectivity, selec-
tivity, and alert inquiry.
One of his statements, that the
greatest power of the press "does
not lie in the editorial columns,"
but in the front page, has special
significance when applied to recent
events at the University. The press,
both on campus and outside Ann
Arbor, has had to face severe criti-
cism for its treatment of local
happenings.
This criticism serves, in the final
analysis, to point up the need, not
only for intelligent reporters and
editors, but for equally intelligent
and judicious readers.
PROBABLY the widest area of
dissatisfaction centers around
newspaper reports of the December
food disturbance. The front pages
of two of the three metropolitan

needed cleaning-up much more
than any of the South Quad dining
rooms.
But this convenient example is,
fortunately, an exception, and al-
though compounded by unneces-
sary publicity given a worried
father's criticism of administra-
tion policy concerning missing stu-
dents (a policy which went com-
pletely unquestioned a little less
than a year ago, when another
student disappeared) it had no
seriously damaging effects.
* * *
IN BOTH these cases the co-
requirement for accurate news dis-
persal, a discerning readership
could have separated fact from
fallacy, well-based criticism from
hysteria.
Furthermore, the freedom of the
newspaper to make these wrong
decisions is strictly necessary for
the continued over-all effective-
ness of the press. Between the
jaundiced slime of the sensational
and the pure clean air of "en-
lightened public service" lies the
every-day world of the every-day
n imc hpAv, qTh, Pmne n f An-

to life and stifled by inattention.
Issues are created or' destroyed,
supposedly in the interest of the
general good.
THE ATTENDANT obligation of
vigilance is diverse and inescap-
able. A news staff which feels
moral or legal considerations have
been violated has an ethical duty
to discuss the violations not only
on its editorial page, but to reveal
the facts of the situation high, on
the newspages.
Those who hold the responsi-
bility of government, whether they
be members of Congress or of
Student Government Council must
be served in this way by the press
"a system that moves more quickly
than any of our other communica-
tion systems," Cater observed.
Whether the authority con-
cerned resides in the White House
House or maintains desks in Quon-
set Hut A is of no matter, the obli-
gation of the press to constantly
review and question in the areas
untravelled by that authority is
the same.

Something Missing?.
To the Editors:
O SEVERAL amateur observers
something seemed to be miss-
ing from the picture at Yost Field
House last Saturday evening.
Potentially, the best team that
Michigan has had in years showed
the lack of proper guidance and
counseling. After demonstrating
how good they could be, in the
first half and most of the second,
our boys were exposed to a new of-
fense, by Ozzie Cowles, of Minne-
sota.
Michigan's strategists were un-
able to cope with this new situa-
tion, and Minnesota quickly took
advantage of this fact and even-
tually won the game.
One would expect any human
being, even a coach, to make fre-
quent mistakes in planning; but
it makes Michigan's avid sports
fans a bit unhappy to see the same
mistakes made repeatedly.
Whatever the solution, we be-
lieve in the conservation of human
resources, especially athletic tal-
ent. And last Saturday's game was
a complete waste.
- Kieth Watts '59
- Al Myichi '58
-- Jim Gregory '59
- Sam Schippers '59
Department, Not 'U' . .
To the Editor:
MR. MARKS' Feb. 12 editorial
"We're Not Getting Our
Money's Worth," while capably
discussing the problems of mass
education, has ignored the most
obvious fact in his reported inci-
dent.
If a course is to be a recitation
course, the only people in a posi-
tion to prevent its growing to lec-
ture size are the members ,of the
department itself.
Since the class referred to in
the Editorial was offered as a rec-
itation course, then it is the de-
partment involved and not the
University, which must bear full
responsibility for its misrepresen-
tation and its failure to impose the
restrictions of size which it alone
had the authority and the obliga-
tion to impose.

Lectures
University Lecture by Kathi Meyer-
Baer, author-lecturer, 4:15 p.m. Thurs.,
Feb. 14. in the Rackham Lecture Hall,
"How to Organize a Music Library,"
Sponsored by School of Music, open to
the general public.
Readings by Members of the English
Department. Prof. Herbert C. Barrows.
"The Traveller's Eye." Thur., Feb. 14,
Aud. A. 4:10 p.m.
Research Seminar of the Mental
Health Research Institute. Dr. Ernst
Rodin, Mental Health Research Insti-
tute will speak on "On A Relationship
Between Psychomotor Epilepsy and
'Schizophrenia'" Feb. 14, 1:15-3:15 p.m.
Conference Room, Children's Hospital.
University Lecture. Fri., Feb. 15, 4:10
p.m., And. A, Angell Hall. Roland Bain-
ton, Titus Street Prof. of Ecclesiasti-
cal History, Yale University, "sore
Aspects of the Reformation." Sponsored
by the LS&A Committee on Studies in
Religion and the Department of His-
tory.
American Chemlieal Society Lecture,
8:00 p.m. Feb. 15; Room 1300, Chemistry
Building. Dr. Frank Spedding, Director
of the Institute for Atomic Research,
Ames, Iowa on "The Rare Earths."
Academic Notices
Engineers: "Campus Interviewing"
will be discussed by Prof. John G.
Young, Assistant to the Dean of En-
gineering, at meetings open to all en-
gineering students. Feb. 14, at 4:00
p.m. in Room 311, West Engineering
Building.
Law School Admission Test: Candi-
dates taking the Law School Admis-
sion Test on Feb. 16 are requested to
report to Aud. B, Angell Hall at 8:45
a.m.Sat.
402 Interdisciplinary Seminar on the
Application of Mathematics to Social
Science, Room 3401 Mason Hall, Thurs.,
3:15-4:45 p.m., Feb. 14, 'William Hays,
"Perceived Similarity of Persons."
Organic Chemistry Seminar, 7:30 p.m.,
Thurs., Feb. 14, Room 1300, Chemistry
Building, Jack Spencer and Ray Mayer
will speak on "Reaction of Carbenes
(.CH2)."
Physical-Analytical-Inorganic . Chem-
istry Seminar. 8:00 p.m. Room 3005,
Chemistry Building, Thurs., Feb. 14.
Roger Klemm will speak on "Flash
Photolysis."
Interdepartmental Seminar on Ap-
plied Meteorology: Engineering. Thurs.,
Feb. 14, 4 p.m., Room 307, West Engi-
neering Bldg. Frank R. Bellaire will
speak on "Tropospheric Radio Propa-
gation" -- Chairman: Prof. Fred T.
Haddock.
The Extension Service announces the
following classes to be held in Ann
Arbor beginning Thurs., Feb. 14.
BOUNDARY SURVEYS 7:30 p.m.
301 Autnmotive Laboratory. North

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